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1.
World Neurosurg ; 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31760188

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Partially thrombosed intracranial aneurysms (PTIA) represent a unique subset of intracranial aneurysms with an ill-defined natural history, posing challenges to standard management strategies. This study aims to assess the efficacy of flow diversion in treatment of this pathology. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients with flow-diverted PTIAs at 6 cerebrovascular centers was performed. Clinical and radiographic data was collected from the medical records, with primary outcome of aneurysmal occlusion and secondary outcomes of clinical status and complications. RESULTS: Fifty patients with 51 PTIAs treated with flow diversion were included. Median age was 56.5 years. Thirty-three (64.7%) aneurysms were saccular and 16 (31.4%) were fusiform/dolichoectatic. The most common location was the internal carotid artery (54.9%) followed by the vertebral and basilar arteries (17.7% and 17.7%, respectively). Last imaging follow-up was performed at a median of 25.1 (IQR 12.8 - 43) months. Complete occlusion at last radiographic follow-up was achieved in 37 (77.1%) aneurysms. Pre-treatment aneurysm thrombosis of >50% was associated with a significantly lower rate of complete aneurysm occlusion (58.8 vs 87.1%, p = 0.026) with a trend toward better functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale <2) at last follow-up in patients with <50% pre-treatment aneurysm thrombosis (96.8 vs 82.4; p=0.08). Ischemic complications occurred in 5 (9.8%) patients, producing symptoms in 4 (7.8%), and resultant mortality in 2 patients (4.2%). CONCLUSIONS: Flow diversion treatment of PTIA has adequate efficacy along with a reasonable safety profile. Aneurysms harboring large amounts of pre-treatment thrombus were associated with lower rates of complete occlusion.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; : 135558, 2019 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761361
4.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699885

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are few data in the literature on the characteristics and natural history of intracranial arterial infundibular dilatations in children. METHODS: An institutional review board-approved retrospective review was performed of infundibula reported on MR angiography in patients <18 years of age at our tertiary pediatric institute from 1998 to 2016. Clinical data (age, sex, diagnosis, other vascular variants/pathologies) were recorded and images assessed for vessel of origin, infundibulum size and exact location. Ratios of infundibulum:parent artery were assessed at diagnosis and last follow-up. Temporal evolution to aneurysm was evaluated. RESULTS: We found 60 intracranial infundibula in 60 children (male:female=27:33; mean age 9.7±5.2 years, range 2-18 years,). Family history of aneurysms was present in 2/60 (3.3%). Syndromic association was found in 14/60 (23.3%), most frequently sickle cell disease (4/14=28.6%). Mean infundibulum size was 2.2±0.5 mm, with mean ratio to parent artery of 0.54±0.17. The most common location was on the P1-posterior cerebral artery (34/63=56.7%), whereas posterior communicating infundibula were seen in only 4/60 (6.7%) cases. Other cerebrovascular variants were seen in 12/60 (20%) patients. On follow-up imaging (in 32/60 patients over 86 patient-years, mean 32.3±35.7 months), no significant change in infundibulum:parent artery ratio was noted. None of the infundibular dilatations showed interval evolution to aneurysm. CONCLUSION: We present the largest reported cohort of pediatric intracranial arterial infundibula, which we found to be distinct from their adult counterparts with regard to location, etiology and temporal evolution. Growth over time and/or aneurysmal formation are rare, not necessitating frequent short-term imaging surveillance during childhood.

5.
Clin Neuroradiol ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696280

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The GestSure system is an Food and Drugs Administration (FDA)-registered depth-sensing infrared device initially developed for touchless image navigation during open surgery. The goal of this study was to explore the feasibility of this technology with medical students, residents, fellows and staff neurointerventionalists, using cases of intracranial aneurysm coiling. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of operative performance using standard keyboard and mouse against a gestural interface. A total of four medical students, six residents, six fellows and five staff neurointerventionalists were involved in the training and subsequent testing. Training involved description and demonstration of a set of gestures optimized for 3D software functions. Cases were selected from the set of patients who underwent endovascular aneurysm coiling at the Toronto Western Hospital. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: For the overall group 15/21 (71.4%) individuals learned the left anterior oblique 30 degrees (LAO30) task within 20 cases, 17/21 (80.9%) learned the aneurysm neck task within 20 cases, 16/21 (76.2%) learned the parent vessel task and 14/21 (66%) learned the neck and parent vessel (anatomical) tasks. Staff were more consistent (i.e. smallest standard deviation) amongst the groups compared to medical students and residents; however, it was noted that a significant learning effect was observed in participants across every level of medical and angiographic expertise. Touchless angiography suite control with a gestural interface is feasible for the manipulation of angiographic images for neuroendovascular procedures. Learning to use the system was rapid across any level of medical training but greatest for staff neurointerventionalists.

6.
Childs Nerv Syst ; 35(12): 2399-2403, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31280353

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several complex pediatric neurovascular conditions are amenable to endovascular treatment. Given the unique anatomical and physiological challenges in children, there is an ongoing need for tools and techniques that provide accurate information for treatment planning, while minimizing exposure to ionizing radiation and contrast. This is more so for neonates and infants with high-flow arteriovenous (AV) shunts that are challenging to assess using conventional techniques. OBJECTIVE: In this brief report, we describe, through representative cases, the potential role of quantitative color-coded digital subtraction angiography (qDSA) in neuroendovascular procedures in children with high-flow AV shunting lesions. METHODS: Images were obtained using an ArtisQ biplane system (Siemens Healthineers, Erlangen, Germany). Post-processing was performed at a dedicated workstation (Syngo, Siemens) using the iFlow module to generate color-coded maps of individual digital subtraction angiography runs. CONCLUSION: Color-coded qDSA provides real-time quantitative information in high-flow AV shunting neurovascular lesions. This can potentially help direct treatment choices, optimize endovascular treatment protocols, monitor outcomes, and determine treatment end points.

7.
World Neurosurg ; 128: e621-e631, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31075494

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Multiple carotid cavernous fistula (CCF) classifications have been proposed. However, they lacked predictive factors for the clinical presentation, natural history, and hemorrhagic risk. Our aim was to externally validate a new classification according to venous drainage (i.e., the Thomas classification [TC]) to assess its relationship with symptoms, endovascular treatment, and outcomes. METHODS: We performed a multicenter retrospective review of CCFs at 2 major academic institutions. The CCFs were classified using the Barrow classification (BC) and TC systems. RESULTS: The data from 94 patients with a diagnosis of CCF were collected during a study period 23 years, 4 months. Of these 94 patients, 89 had undergone CCF treatment and 5 had experienced spontaneous occlusion. Complete occlusion was achieved in 89.9% of the treated patients. Complications occurred in 5.3% of the patients, including permanent deficits in 2.1%. TC type 4 was associated with cortical symptoms compared with type 2 (P = 0.003) and type 3 (P < 0.001). The BC was not able to detect significant differences among the symptom types. Significant differences were found using the TC for the transarterial-only, transvenous anterior-only, and transvenous posterior-only approaches (P < 0.001, P = 0.03, and P = 0.001, respectively). The transvenous posterior and transvenous anterior approach were significantly associated with type 2 and 3 TC, respectively. Excluding direct CCFs, the BC was not related to the treatment approach. No significant differences in the outcomes were found. However, a trend toward a lower occlusion rate for TC type 4 compared with type 3 was observed. CONCLUSION: The TC provided useful information regarding the fistula anatomy and venous hemodynamics, which correlated with the clinical symptoms and treatment strategy.

8.
Can J Neurol Sci ; 46(4): 423-429, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31113497

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Controversy exists in antiepileptic drug (AED) prophylaxis prescribing in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). We undertook the Use of Antiepileptic Drugs in Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage (ALIBI) study to identify factors associated with prescribing practices. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of all consecutive patients requiring Level 1 care with aneurysmal SAH admitted between 2012 and 2014 to the intensive care unit at Toronto Western Hospital, Ontario, Canada, was conducted. Data were collected on clinical and imaging characteristics. Primary and secondary outcomes were AED prophylaxis and clinical seizure activity during hospitalization. Data were compared using chi-square or Mann-Whitney U-tests. Those variables found to be significant, or trending toward significance, on univariate analysis were fitted to multivariate regression. RESULTS: Sixty-eight patients were included. Mean age was 62 ± 12.2, and 42.6% of patients were male. Of these, 21 patients (30.9%) received AED prophylactically, while 18 (26.5%) had reported seizures at some point during hospitalization. Female gender and presence of midline shift (MLS) were significantly associated or approached significance with AED prophylaxis in univariate analysis (p = 0.036 and p = 0.062, respectively). In multivariate analysis, only MLS was an independent predictor (odds ratio 5.09, p = 0.04). CONCLUSION: The presence of MLS was an independent predictor of seizure activity in patients with aneurysmal SAH. AED prophylaxis prescribing patterns seemed arbitrary and was not informed by identifiable clinical factors or true risk factors for seizure. A current lack of evidence guiding AED prescribing practice highlights the need for larger studies in this patient population.

9.
Ann Neurol ; 85(6): 793-800, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30973965

RESUMO

Flow diverters are new generation stents that have recently garnered a large amount of interest for use in treatment of intracranial aneurysms. Flow diverters reduce blood flow into the aneurysm, with redirection along the path of the parent vessel. Flow stagnation into the aneurysm and neck coverage with subsequent endothelialization are the important synergistic mechanisms by which the therapy acts. Several studies have examined the mechanisms by which flow diverters subsequently lead to aneurysm occlusion. This review aims to provide a general overview of the flow diverters and their mechanism of action and potential implications. ANN NEUROL 2019;85:793-800.

10.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 6009, 2019 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30979926

RESUMO

109 pathologically proven subsolid nodules (SSN) were segmented by 2 readers on non-thin section chest CT with a lung nodule analysis software followed by extraction of CT attenuation histogram and geometric features. Functional data analysis of histograms provided data driven features (FPC1,2,3) used in further model building. Nodules were classified as pre-invasive (P1, atypical adenomatous hyperplasia and adenocarcinoma in situ), minimally invasive (P2) and invasive adenocarcinomas (P3). P1 and P2 were grouped together (T1) versus P3 (T2). Various combinations of features were compared in predictive models for binary nodule classification (T1/T2), using multiple logistic regression and non-linear classifiers. Area under ROC curve (AUC) was used as diagnostic performance criteria. Inter-reader variability was assessed using Cohen's Kappa and intra-class coefficient (ICC). Three models predicting invasiveness of SSN were selected based on AUC. First model included 87.5 percentile of CT lesion attenuation (Q.875), interquartile range (IQR), volume and maximum/minimum diameter ratio (AUC:0.89, 95%CI:[0.75 1]). Second model included FPC1, volume and diameter ratio (AUC:0.91, 95%CI:[0.77 1]). Third model included FPC1, FPC2 and volume (AUC:0.89, 95%CI:[0.73 1]). Inter-reader variability was excellent (Kappa:0.95, ICC:0.98). Parsimonious models using histogram and geometric features differentiated invasive from minimally invasive/pre-invasive SSN with good predictive performance in non-thin section CT.

11.
Neurosurgery ; 2019 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30834934

RESUMO

Flow modification has caused a paradigm shift in the management of intracranial aneurysms. Since the FDA approval of the Pipeline Embolization Device (Medtronic, Dublin, Ireland) in 2011, it has grown to become the modality of choice for a range of carefully selected lesions, previously not amenable to conventional endovascular techniques. While the vast majority of flow-diverting stents operate from within the parent artery (ie, endoluminal stents), providing a scaffold for endothelial cells growth at the aneurysmal neck while inducing intra-aneurysmal thrombosis, a smaller subset of endosaccular flow disruptors act from within the lesions themselves. To date, these devices have been used mostly in Europe, while only utilized on a trial basis in North America. To the best of our knowledge, there has been no dedicated review of these devices. We therefore sought to present a comprehensive review of currently available endosaccular flow disruptors along with high-resolution schematics, presented with up-to-date available literature discussing their technical indications, procedural safety, and reported outcomes.

12.
Neurosurgery ; 2019 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30860254

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Pipeline Embolization Device (PED; Medtronic, Dublin, Ireland) has become an important tool for the treatment of cerebral aneurysms. Since FDA approval, there are ongoing efforts to increase aneurysm occlusion rates and reduce the incidence of complications. OBJECTIVE: To assess aneurysm occlusion and complication rates over time. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of consecutive anterior circulation aneurysms treated with a single PED between 2011 and 2016 at 3 academic institutions in the US was performed. Factors contributing to changes in aneurysm occlusion and complication rates over time were identified and evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 284 procedures were performed on 321 anterior circulation aneurysms in 284 patients. At a median follow-up of 13 mo (mean 18 mo), complete or near complete occlusion (>90%) was achieved in 85.9% of aneurysms. There was no significant change in aneurysm occlusion rate or procedure length over time. Thromboembolic complication occurred in 8.1% of procedures, and there was a trend toward decreased incidence from 16.3% in 2011/2012 to 3.3% in 2016 (P = .14). Hemorrhagic complications significantly decreased from 8.2% in 2011/2012 to 0 to 1.0% in 2014-2016 (P = .1). CONCLUSION: We report a notable drop in the rate of hemorrhagic and to a lesser extent thromboembolic complications with increased experience with PED in a multicenter cohort. Multiple factors are believed to contribute to this drop, including the evolved interpretation of platelet function testing, the switching of clopidogrel nonresponders to ticagrelor, and the reduced use of adjunctive coiling.

13.
Eur J Radiol ; 112: 214-221, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30777213

RESUMO

After being staggered by numerous negative trials in 2013, the interventional stroke community saw four years of vindication for mechanical thrombectomy showing efficacy and safety, even beyond a hopeful 6-8 hour window out to 24 h. A landmark set of five trials in 2015 provided a foundation upon which years of incremental follow-ups, meta-analyses and new breakthroughs would be built. With optimized devices for thrombectomy and image analysis, the neurointerventional community has turned to workflow and systemization in this new era of acute ischemic stroke treatment. The aim of this review is to chronicle the evidence in the epoch of positive trials, synthesize ancillary studies to these, and discuss the imminent challenges that remain.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Trombólise Mecânica/tendências , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Anestesia/métodos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Previsões , Humanos , Trombólise Mecânica/métodos , Terapia Trombolítica/métodos , Terapia Trombolítica/tendências , Fluxo de Trabalho
14.
Clin Imaging ; 54: 48-52, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30530099

RESUMO

A case of tandem occlusion consisting of right internal carotid artery (ICA) origin dissection and middle cerebral artery (MCA) thromoboembolism is reported. A 45 year-old male with right-sided neurological symptoms of emergent large vessel occlusion was treated with same-session angioplasty and mechanical thrombectomy of the respective lesions. The complete neurological recovery and radiological investigations are chronicled herein, and a review of the state of tandem occlusion management is discussed.


Assuntos
Angioplastia , Isquemia Encefálica/cirurgia , Artéria Carótida Interna/cirurgia , Artéria Cerebral Média/cirurgia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/cirurgia , Trombectomia , Aneurisma Dissecante/complicações , Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Isquemia Encefálica/etiologia , Artéria Carótida Interna/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Cerebral Média/patologia , Pescoço , Stents , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Tromboembolia/complicações , Tromboembolia/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 2018 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30415223

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prompt revascularization of the ischemic penumbra following an acute ischemic event (AIS) has established benefit within the literature. However, use of the semi-quantitative Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) to evaluate patient suitability for revascularization has been inconsistent in patient risk stratification and selection. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a meta-analysis to evaluate the available evidence for a clinically valid ASPECTS threshold in assessment of suitability for revascularization following AIS. METHODS: Two independent reviewers searched Medline (Ovid) and Cochrane Central Register of Systematic Reviews databases for studies appraising outcomes of endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) in relation to a variably-defined preoperative ASPECTS. RESULTS: A total of 13 articles were included. The pooled good outcome proportion after EVT was 41.4% (95% CI 36.4% to 46.6%; p<0.001), with subjective study-specific definitions of favorable and unfavorable subgroup outcomes of 49.7% (95% CI 44.2% to 55.3%; I2=76.5%; p<0.001) and 33.2% (95% CI 28.5% to 38.3%; I2=33.16%), respectively. Objective trichotomization into low (0-4), intermediate (5-7), and high (8-10) subgroups yielded pooled good outcome proportions of 17.1% (95% CI 6.8% to 36.8%; I2=64.24%; p=0.039), 35.7% (95% CI 30.5% to 41.3%; I2=23.11%; p=0.245), and 49.7% (95% CI 44.2% to 55.3%; I2=76.5%; p<0.001) for low, intermediate, and high ASPECTS, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: A subjectively favorable ASPECTS is associated with significantly better outcomes after EVT than an unfavorable ASPECTS, regardless of the cut-off used. EVT is unlikely to be useful in patients with an objectively low ASPECTS and is likely to be useful for those with high ASPECTS; findings in patients with intermediate ASPECTS were equivocal.

16.
Head Neck ; 2018 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30456825

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the performance of 18 F-fluorodeoxy-d-glucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography (18 F-FDG PET/CT) in identifying local failure and regional failure following curative radiotherapy or surgery for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search identified studies published between January 2010 and August 2016. Diagnostic performance of 18 F-FDG PET/CT was evaluated for local failure/regional failure stratified by treatment-to-scan time interval of ≤3 versus >3 months. RESULTS: Twenty-four studies (2627 patients) were included. Compared to ≤3 months, 18 F-FDG PET/CT performed >3 months showed significantly improved sensitivity (87% vs 60%, P = 0.020) and specificity (93% vs 84%, P < 0.001) for local failure. There was no significant difference in sensitivity (79% vs 56%, P = 0.100) or specificity (95% vs 97%, P = 0.35) for regional failure >3 versus ≤3 months. CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis confirms high specificity but modest sensitivity of posttreatment 18 F-FDG PET/CT for local failure and regional failure. Sensitivity and specificity are significantly improved when 18 F-FDG PET/CT is performed >3 months for local failure.

17.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 2018 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30291209

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The present Bayesian network meta-analysis aimed to compare the various strategies for acute ischemic stroke: direct endovascular thrombectomy within the thrombolysis window in patients with no contraindications to thrombolysis (DEVT); (2) direct endovascular thrombectomy secondary to contraindications to thrombolysis (DEVTc); (3) endovascular thrombectomy in addition to thrombolysis (IVEVT); and (4) thrombolysis without thrombectomy (IVT). METHODS: Six electronic databases were searched from their dates of inception to May 2017 to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing IVT versus IVEVT, and prospective registry studies comparing IVEVT versus DEVT or IVEVT versus DEVTc. Network meta-analyses were performed using ORs and 95% CIs as the summary statistic. RESULTS: We identified 12 studies (5 RCTs, 7 prospective cohort) with a total of 3161 patients for analysis. There was no significant difference in good functional outcome at 90 days (modified Rankin Scale score ≤2) between DEVT and IVEVT. There was no significant difference in mortality between all treatment groups. DEVT was associated with a 49% reduction in intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) compared with IVEVT (OR 0.51; 95% CI 0.33 to 0.79), due to reduction in rates of asymptomatic ICH (OR 0.47; 95% CI 0.29 to 0.76). Patients treated with DEVT had higher rates of reperfusion compared with IVEVT (OR 1.73; 95% CI 1.04 to 2.94). CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this is the first network meta-analysis to be performed in the era of contemporary mechanical thrombectomy comparing DEVT and DEVTc. Our analysis suggests the addition of thrombolysis prior to thrombectomy for large vessel occlusions may not be associated with improved outcomes.

18.
Neurointervention ; 13(2): 100-109, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30196680

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The evidence for endovascular therapy and choice of technique in distal middle cerebral artery (MCA) M2 segment occlusions in acute ischemic stroke remains controversial. We aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis primarily comparing reperfusion rates of stent-retrieval versus contact aspiration for M2 occlusions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study selection included cohorts of patients with distal MCA occlusions in acute ischemic strokes treated with an endovascular approach including stent-retrieval or contact aspiration. Twelve studies were selected for meta-analysis for a total of 835 cases. Meta-analysis by proportions was conducted on parameters including baseline and procedural characteristics, thrombolysis in cerebral infarction (TICI) 2b-3 outcomes, and 90-day modified Rankin scale (mRS) outcomes. RESULTS: Hypertension and hyperlipidemia were more prevalent in stent-retriever patients. Pooled baseline National Institute of Health Stroke Scale scores and Alberta Stroke Program Early Computed Tomography Score imaging scores were similar. Pooled time onset of symptoms to door arrival was higher for the stent-retrieval group (154 vs. 97.4 minutes, P=0.01), as was time to groin puncture (259.9 vs. 156.2 minutes, P=0.02), but there was no difference in procedure time. The TICI 2b-3 recanalization rate was similar (80.5% vs. 86.8%, P=0.168). The frequency of mRS 0-2 at 90-day was also similar (74.5% vs. 59.9%, P=0.120), and an excellent mRS 0-1 was lower for stent-retrievers (39.9% vs. 65.6%, P=0.003). A significant negative correlation was found between onset to groin puncture time and the proportion of patients with a good mRS (r=-0.71, P=0.048). CONCLUSION: Both endovascular techniques achieved recanalization rates greater than 80% and 90-day outcomes of minimal disability with similar complication rates. The literature is skewed by aspiration cases being performed sooner after onset of stroke compared to stent-retriever cases.

19.
Interv Neuroradiol ; 24(6): 624-630, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29871561

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Numerous studies have suggested a relationship between delayed occlusion of intracranial aneurysms treated with the Pipeline Embolization Device (PED) and the presence of an incorporated branch. However, in some cases, flow diversion may still be the preferred treatment option. This study sought to determine whether geometric factors pertaining to relative size and angulation of branch vessel(s) can be measured in a reliable fashion and whether they are related to occlusion rates. METHODS: Eighty aneurysms treated at a single neurovascular center from November 2008 to June 2014 were identified. Two blinded raters prospectively reviewed the imaging performed at the time of the procedure and measured the following geometric variables: inflow jet/incorporated branch direction angle and branch artery/ parent artery ratio. Delayed occlusion was defined as the absence of complete aneurysmal occlusion at one year. Analysis was performed using logistic regression and intra-class correlation co-efficient (ICC). RESULTS: Twenty-four (30%) aneurysms with 28 incorporated branches were identified. A trend toward higher inflow jet/incorporated branch direction angle was found in the group of aneurysms demonstrating delayed occlusion when compared to the group with complete occlusion. ICC revealed high correlation. Overall lower one-year occlusion rates of 53% versus 73% for aneurysms with and without incorporated branches, respectively, were also noted. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of an incorporated branch conferred a 20% absolute risk increase for delayed aneurysmal occlusion. Incorporated branches with a larger angle between the inflow jet and the incorporated branch direction exhibited a trend toward lower occlusion rates. This might be further investigated using a multicenter approach in conjunction with other potentially relevant clinical and angiographic variables.

20.
Eur Spine J ; 27(8): 1981-1991, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29808425

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: Meta-analysis. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a meta-analysis investigating the relationship between spinopelvic alignment parameters and development of adjacent level disease (ALD) following lumbar fusion for degenerative disease. ALD is a degenerative pathology that develops at mobile segments above or below fused spinal segments. Patient outcomes are worse, and the likelihood of requiring revision surgery is higher in ALD compared to patients without ALD. Spinopelvic sagittal alignment has been found to have a significant effect on outcomes post-fusion; however, studies investigating the relationship between spinopelvic sagittal alignment parameters and ALD in degenerative lumbar disease are limited. METHODS: Six e-databases were searched. Predefined endpoints were extracted and meta-analyzed from the identified studies. RESULTS: There was a significantly larger pre-operative PT in the ALD cohort versus control (WMD 3.99, CI 1.97-6.00, p = 0.0001), a smaller pre-operative SS (WMD - 2.74; CI - 5.14 to 0.34, p = 0.03), and a smaller pre-operative LL (WMD - 4.76; CI - 7.66 to 1.86, p = 0.001). There was a significantly larger pre-operative PI-LL in the ALD cohort (WMD 8.74; CI 3.12-14.37, p = 0.002). There was a significantly larger postoperative PI in the ALD cohort (WMD 2.08; CI 0.26-3.90, p = 0.03) and a larger postoperative PT (WMD 5.23; CI 3.18-7.27, p < 0.00001). CONCLUSION: The sagittal parameters: PT, SS, PI-LL, and LL may predict development of ALD in patients' post-lumbar fusion for degenerative disease. Decision-making aimed at correcting these parameters may decrease risk of developing ALD in this cohort. These slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.

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