Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 50
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Obstet Gynaecol ; : 1-6, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32608278

RESUMO

The chronic course of endometriosis suggests that the immune system may play a role in its aetiology. There may be resistance to cell lysis, as well as an immune defect underlying endometriosis. Granzyme B is a serine protease that is secreted by Natural Killer (NK) cells and cytotoxic T lymphocytes during a cellular immune response and can induce apoptosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between both Granzyme B levels and Granzyme B gene polymorphisms in endometriosis patients. Women between the ages of 20 - 45 were included in the study. The patients were divided into two groups: those diagnosed with endometriosis and those who had not been diagnosed with endometriosis. In the blood samples, Granzyme B gene polymorphisms and serum levels of Granzyme B were studied. There was no difference between the groups in terms of median Granzyme B levels and the presence of AA, AG, and GG genotypes. There was a difference in median granzyme levels for the control group; the GG genotype was found at a lower frequency. The immune defect within endometriosis-related immune cells may not be exclusively due to Granzyme B. Other mediators that are secreted from immune cells may have additive effects.IMPACT STATEMENTWhat is already known on this subject? NK cells are cytotoxic and inhibit the implantation of autologous endometrial cells that are spilled into the peritoneum by retrograde menstruation. Thus, a reduction in NK cell activity may facilitate the progression of endometriosis. The literature review reveals that there are studies suggesting that NK cell activity may be insufficient in endometriosis. Granzyme B is a serine protease that is secreted by NK cells and cytotoxic T lymphocytes during a cellular immune response.What do the results of this study add? Granzyme B is one of the cytotoxic granules in NK and cytotoxic T lymphocyte cells and its genetic polymorphisms were tested in endometriosis. We found that median Granzyme B levels were significantly different in patients with the GG genotype in the control group, compared to those with the AA and AG genotype. However, this difference was not detected between the control and endometriosis groups.What are the implications of these findings for clinical practice and/or further research? Our results contribute to uncovering the pathogenesis of endometriosis since there are no previous studies in the literature regarding this topic. Although we did not find a difference, our results will inform further studies made on this topic. Studies with different molecules and an increased number of patients are needed. The immune defect of endometriosis may not be due exclusively to Granzyme B. Other mediators that are secreted from immune cells may have mutual effects and interactions.

2.
J Craniofac Surg ; 2020 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32649532

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Autogenous tooth bone grafts (ATGM) are materials prepared from extracted teeth and have been used for bone augmentation. These graft materials are known to have similar structures and components to bone grafts. In this sense, this study aimed to evaluate all the tooth layers mixed with simvastatin without any demineralization process effect on bone formation. METHODS: In 60 Wistar albino rats, a standardized 6.0 m-diameter critical size bone defect was created in their calvarium. The study consists of 1 control and 4 experimental groups. In the control group (12 rats), the defects were left empty. The defects were grafted only with ATGM in Group 1, with ATGM mixed with simvastatin in Group 2, autogenous bone graft mixed with simvastatin in Group 3, and with xenogenic bone graft mixed with simvastatin in Group 4. The animals were sacrificed at the 7th and 28th days after operation. RESULTS: PCR, micro CT and histological results show that bone formation was enhanced in the experimental groups in comparison to the control group. Group 1 and Group 2 had similar bone formation rate when compared to Group 3 and Group 4 at the 28th day after operation. CONCLUSION: This study concludes that mineralized teeth may be used for defect reconstruction without any demineralization process. Autogenous mineralized tooth bone graft should be mixed with simvastatin for bone regeneration like other grafts.

3.
Mol Biol Rep ; 47(6): 4541-4552, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32444974

RESUMO

Asherman syndrome (AS) occurs due to fibrosis or uterine adhesions as a result of damage to the basal layer of the endometrium. The aim of this study is investigating the effects of adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cell (ADMSC) application on the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1), miRNA-98, miRNA199a in endometrial tissue in rats with AS. Study groups were designed as, control (C), Asherman syndrome (AS), AS + oral estrogen (ASO), AS + ADMSC (ASSC), AS + oral estrogen + ADMSC (ASSCO) with 7 samples in each group. Characterization and differentiation experiments were performed in ADMSC obtained. Two weeks after the development of the AS, ADMSC therapy was applied. BrdU (5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine) labeling was performed to show the presence of ADMSC in the tissues. Rats were sacrificed after 8 weeks and bilateral uterine horn resection was performed. Tissues were fixed in formaldehyde. After routine tissue follow-up, sections were taken and evaluated with hematoxylin eosin staining. VEGF1 and IGF1 expressions were evaluated by immunohistochemical staining and western blot analysis. Expression changes of miR-98 and miR-199a were detected by RT-PCR. Our results showed that stem cells and estrogen giving together reduced inflammation and fibrosis in the endometrium. Immunohistochemistry and western blot results suggested that this effect was achieved especially through IGF-1. In our study, decreased miR-98 and miR-199a expressions were determined in Asherman syndrome. Furthermore, no changes of miRNA expressions were observed in treatment groups.

4.
Gene ; 737: 144428, 2020 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32045658

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common type of liver tumors. There is only one chemodrug for treatment called sorafenib that is an effective multikinase inhibitor. However, most of the patients gain resistance to sorafenib treatment in six months. Thus, there is a limitation for treatment of HCC. Apigenin is a natural flavonoid that has been used for many years as an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent. The aim of this study is to investigate the combined therapeutic effects of sorafenib and apigenin upon apoptosis and cell cycle on HepG2 cell line. Cytotoxic effects of sorafenib and apigenin on HepG2 cells were determined by XTT assay. Effects of single and combined treatment on cell migration, invasion and colony formation were analysed by wound healing, transwell matrigel invasion assay and colony formation assay, respectively. TUNEL assay was performed for analyse apoptosis rates. Expression changes of genes related with apoptosis and cell cycle were analysed by quantitative real-time PCR. Combined treatment of sorafenib and apigenin has more decreasing effects on cell viability than single treatment groups. Also, combination group caused significant increase of apoptotic cells. Migration and invasion capability of cells in combined treatment group are decreased. Lastly, quantitative real-time PCR results showed that combination of both drugs arrested cell cycle and increased apoptotic gene expressions more than single treatment groups. This is the first study that investigating the combined treatment of sorafenib and apigenin on HCC in vitro. By combined treatment, apigenin potentiates sorafenib cytotoxicity on HepG2 cells. Effects of combined treatment on migration, invasion, apoptosis and gene expressions showed that may sorafenib and apigenin have synergistic effect.


Assuntos
Apigenina/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Sorafenibe/farmacologia , Apigenina/administração & dosagem , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Sorafenibe/administração & dosagem
5.
J Cell Biochem ; 121(4): 3005-3009, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31788836

RESUMO

The accuracy of risk prediction for coronary artery disease can be improved with the use of novel molecular or genetic biomarkers. In this study, we investigated the difference of five selected microRNAs (miR or miRNA) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and controls, assessed by coronary angiography. The study population consisted of 85 subjects, aged between 18 and 75 years and underwent invasive coronary angiography. Subjects with more than 30% stenosis in at least one coronary artery, patients with a history of prior percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary by-pass surgery were allocated to the patient group; whereas the subjects without at least 30% stenosis consisted the control group. Groups were similar in age, presence of hypertension, and smoking status. However, the proportion of males and subjects taking angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers, beta blockers, nitrates, and statins were higher in the patient group. miR-221 and miR-155 were downregulated (P = .02 and .001, respectively), while miR-21 levels were significantly increased (P = .003) in the patient group compared to controls. Changes in miR-145 and miR-126 did not reach statistical significance (P > .05). miRNA- 21, miR-155, and miR-221 were differentially expressed between the patients and controls. miRNAs are promising biomarkers for CAD diagnosis, however, this requires further research with larger groups.

6.
Mol Biol Rep ; 46(4): 4017-4025, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31079315

RESUMO

Homocysteine (hcy) is an amino acid that contains sulfur species. In healthy individuals, plasma hcy levels are low. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential neurotoxic effects of hcy and sulfite (sft) molecules alone and in their combination, and also to identify the relationship of these substances on oxidative stress. SH-SY5Y cells were used as an invitro neurodegenerative disease model. The SH-SY5Y cells were treated with various concentrations of hcy alone, sft alone (final concentrations in the well were 10-250 µM and 0.1-5 mM, respectively) and a combination of both (hcy + sft). Their cytotoxicity and genotoxic effects were investigated using the XTT test and Comet assay and, their impact on oxidative stress was examined using total antioxidant-oxidant status (TAS-TOS) kits. The highest toxic doses of hcy and sft were found to be 250 µM and 5 mM, respectively, but the maximum toxic effect was observed for hcy + sft (p < 0.001). In addition, an increase in DNA damage was evident in all groups, but maximal damage was inflicted using in hcy + sft (p < 0.001). The oxidative stress index was significantly increased in hcy + sft (p < 0.05). Determining the increase in sft and hcy levels may contribute to delaying the occurrence of diseases before symptoms of neurodegenerative disease appear.


Assuntos
Homocisteína/toxicidade , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/metabolismo , Sulfitos/toxicidade , Aminoácidos Sulfúricos/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ensaio Cometa , Dano ao DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Homocisteína/metabolismo , Humanos , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Sulfito Oxidase/metabolismo , Sulfitos/metabolismo
7.
J Cell Biochem ; 2019 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30816601

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of type I collagen on bone defects and on genes specifically for osteogenesis in a rat model. Two millimeter drill hole bone defect was created in the femur of rats. In the experimental group, type I collagen was applied in bone defects whereas in control group defects were left empty. Inflammation, development of connective tissue, osteogenesis, and foreign body reaction parameters evaluated with histologically and genes evaluated by blood samples. In the experimental group, the histopathologically significant change was found in favor of bone healing only at the first week. A significant increase was found in genetic expressions of BMP-1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, TGF-ßRII, Smad-1, IL-6, BMPR-IA, BMPR-IB, Eng, BMPR-II, c-fos, Cdkn1a, Chrd, Gdf-5, Id-1, PDGF-ß, IGF-1, Serpine-1, and TGF-ßRI at the first hour. At the first, third, and sixth week, no significant increase was found in any of the gene expressions. Type I collagen is found to be effective in favor of bone healing through increased inflammatory cytokines and expression of BMP genes in the early stages of fracture healing.

8.
J Cell Biochem ; 120(3): 3506-3513, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30417420

RESUMO

Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) is such an herb from the Apiaceae family, used both for its medicinal and nutritional properties for many centuries. In this study, the effects of C. sativum extract on gene expression, viability, colony formation, migration, and invasion of PC-3 and LNCaP prostate cancer cell lines have been investigated. The half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50 ) dose in PC-3 and LNCaP cells was detected to be 2 and 5 mg/mL at the 24th hour, respectively. C. sativum extracts have been observed to cause a significant decrease in the expression of Akt and Bcl-2 in the PC-3 cells and just Akt in LNCaP cells while increasing in the expression of p53, caspase-9, caspase-10, PTEN, DR5, TRADD, PUMA, and NOXA. DR4 expression was increased in LNCaP cell line but not PC-3, and APAF and BID had increased expression in PC-3 but not the LNCaP cells. Our observations have shown that C. sativum extract decreased colony formation while inhibiting cell invasion and migration. Cell migration was hindered in PC-3 but not the LNCaP cells. In conclusion, this data present a valuable addition to the very limited data available out there on the potential use of C. sativum in prostate cancer treatment.

9.
Gene ; 687: 261-271, 2019 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30453074

RESUMO

Paclitaxel, which isolated from Taxus brevifolia, is recently started to be used against prostate cancer treatment and it is a very effective compound against cancer. In this study, we aimed to test the synergistic effect of two plant active compounds (sulphoraphane (SFN) and silymarin (SILY)) and several endemic plant species from Turkey (such as Phlomis leucophracta, Rubia davisiana, Alkanna tinctoria), which are known to have anticarcinogenic effect on androgen-independent PC3 and DU145, and androgen-dependent VCaP prostate cancer cell lines, with paclitaxel on the expression of cell cycle signaling and apoptosis regulator genes. Herbal substances and endemic herbal extracts were combined with Paclitaxel drug. IC50 doses were identified as real-time online. The most effective synergistic doses were determined according to isobologram analysis. The apoptotic effects of effective combined doses were evaluated by TUNEL, Annexin V, and JC-1 methods. Apoptotic and/or cell cycle arrest effects of confirmed combined doses on the expression of genes in these pathways were assessed by real-time online. Endemic plant extracts (Alkanna tinctoria, Phlomis leucophracta and Rubia davisiana, IC50 < 220 µg/ml) and herbal substances (SILY, and SFN IC50 < 130 µM) indicated antiproliferative and apoptotic effects in prostate cancer cell lines. They testified to the synergistic effect of paclitaxel with endemic plant extracts (Combination Index CI, ED50 < 0.41). The combinations, which indicate the synergistic effect was increased to the Bax/Bcl­2 ratio by suppressing Bcl­2 gene expression into the prostate cancer cell lines. Besides, they increased the expression of TNFRSF10A, TNFRSF1A, CHEK1, CDKN1A, CDKN2B, CDK8, CDKN3 and CASP14 and decreased BAD, CDK5RAP1, CDC20, cyclin H, CDK5RAP1, CDC20. The effective doses of paclitaxel were reduced and G2/M arrest was induced by the endemic plant extracts and herbal substances that indicate a synergistic effect with paclitaxel. By using different combination of herbal extracts or active substances with paclitaxel, more economical and efficient treatment strategies can be developed.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Isotiocianatos/farmacologia , Paclitaxel/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Silimarina/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Boraginaceae/química , Proliferação de Células , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Masculino , Phlomis/química , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Rubiaceae/química , Transdução de Sinais , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
10.
Eurasian J Med ; 50(3): 168-172, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30515037

RESUMO

Objective: Isoorientin (ISO) is a flavonoid compound extracted from plant species. The goal of this study was to determine the potential antiproliferative effects of ISO in HT-29 human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line in vitro, specifically on cell viability, apoptosis, and cell cycle pathways. Materials and Methods: The cytotoxic effect of ISO isolated from E. spectabilis was measured using 2,3-bis(2-methoxy-4-nitro-5-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium-5-carboxanilide (XTT) assay in HT-29 cell lines. Total RNA was isolated using Tri-Reagent protocol. The effects of ISO on apoptosis-related gene were detected using real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The findings were analyzed using "Delta-Delta CT" ΔΔCT method and evaluated using a computer program. Volcano plot analysis was used for comparing groups and the data obtained were statistically analyzed using Student t test. Results: According to XTT result analysis, the 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) value of ISO was 125 µM at the 48th h in HT-29 cells. The RT-PCR analysis in HT-29 cells showed that Cyclin D1 (CCND1 ), Cyclin-dependent kinase 6 (CDK6), BAX, BCL-2, Checkpoint kinase 1-2 (CHEK1, CHEK2) and Excision repair cross-complementing 1 (ERCC1) expressions were reduced in ISO-treated cells compared with those in the control group of cells. P53, P21, Caspase-3 (CASP-3), Caspase-8 (CASP-8), and Caspase-9 (CASP-9) gene expressions were increased Ataxia Telengiectasia and Rad-3 related (ATR) was activated in the ISO-treated group of cells compared with those in the control group of cells (p<0.05). Conclusion: ISO affected the proliferation of colorectal cancer (CRC) cells via cell cycle pathways. It also altered apoptosis gene expression. These results demonstrated that ISO can be a therapeutic agent for CRC treatment; however, more studies are needed to investigate its mechanism of actions.

11.
Drug Chem Toxicol ; : 1-7, 2018 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30394111

RESUMO

Daidzein (DZ) has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects, as well as the dose-dependent inhibition effect on cancer cells. In this study, the cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of DZ on HT-29 (human colorectal adenocarcinoma cells) and MIA PaCa-2 (human pancreatic cancer cells) cell lines were determined using the XTT method and Comet assay, respectively. IC50 concentrations of DZ were found to be 200 µM in both MIA PaCa-2 and HT-29 cells treated with DZ for 48 hours (h). When the cells were treated with 200 µM of DZ for 48 h, DNA damage was observed in both cell lines. DNA tail length (TL), tail moment (TM), and tail intensity (TI) increased more in MIA PaCa-2 cells treated with 200 µM of DZ than those in the control cell (untreated MIA PaCa-2 cell) group (p < 0.01). However, only DNA-TI and DNA-TM exhibited higher increases in HT-29 cells treated with 200 µM of DZ than those in the control cell (untreated HT-29 cell) group (p < 0.01). This shows that DZ has cytotoxic and genotoxic effects on both cell lines. The observed genotoxic effects of DZ still need to be confirmed in additional future studies.

12.
Med Sci Law ; 58(4): 233-238, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30185109

RESUMO

Disorders of the serotonergic system are especially known to be present in the neurobiology of suicidal behavior. Studies investigating melatonin levels show that changes in pineal gland functions may also play a role in the pathogenesis of suicide. However, to our knowledge, there are no studies evaluating the activity of pinealocytes responsible for melatonin synthesis in suicide. This preliminary study aimed to investigate the relationship among pinealocyte, acetylserotonin O-methyltransferase (ASMT) immunoreactivity, and suicide. Samples of pineal gland, cerebrospinal fluid, blood, and urine were obtained from 21 suicide and 21 non-suicide cases on which medicolegal autopsies were performed. Expression of ASMT in human pineal gland was evaluated by immunohistochemical methods. A scoring system was used to define the anti-ASMT-positive staining in the sections. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays were employed to assess serum and cerebrospinal fluid melatonin levels and blood and urine noradrenaline levels. The ASMT-immunopositive pinealocyte count was observed to be lower in suicide cases compared to the non-suicide cases. With the exception of two cases (with moderate staining), all graded scores were 3 (strong staining) in non-suicide group, whereas scores were 1 (mild staining) or 2 (moderate staining) in the suicide group. Melatonin levels in the blood were lower among the suicide victims. These results support decreased pineal gland activity in suicide. However, further studies are needed to assess whether these changes are related to a psychiatric disorder.


Assuntos
Acetilserotonina O-Metiltransferasa/metabolismo , Glândula Pineal/metabolismo , Suicídio , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Melatonina/sangue , Adulto Jovem
13.
Schizophr Res ; 202: 99-105, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29960812

RESUMO

Schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder are chronic and debilitating psychiatric disorders. The present study was designed to determine DNA damage in patients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder to assess the roles of oxidative metabolism and DNA repair mechanisms in this process, to assess the contribution of drugs, and thus to demonstrate the differences between schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. Thirty schizophrenia and 30 schizoaffective disorder patients, each having at least five years of disease history, aged between 18 and 60 years with no physical or neurological diseases, and 30 healthy volunteers participated in the study. Psychometric scales were applied, and 5 ml of blood was taken from all participants. The DNA damage was measured in lymphocytes by the comet assay method; the total oxidative parameters by ELISA; OGG1 and NEIL1 gene expressions by real-time PCR; and the role of drugs by in vitro assays. The most important finding in this study was that patients with schizophrenia had significantly greater DNA damage than schizoaffective disorder patients and the controls. This study also provides evidence of high oxidative stress statuses and inadequate DNA repair capacities in patients with schizophrenia. Moreover, psychotropic drugs did not induce any DNA damage to the lymphocytes according to in vitro analyses. The use of clozapine and adequate repair processes of the patients were the decisive factors in the prevention of DNA damage. The results of this study provide a reexamination of schizoaffective disorder within the schizophrenia spectrum and indicate that schizoaffective disorder may be considered a different diagnostic category.


Assuntos
Dano ao DNA/fisiologia , Reparo do DNA/fisiologia , Linfócitos/metabolismo , Transtornos Psicóticos/metabolismo , Esquizofrenia/metabolismo , Adulto , Dano ao DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Reparo do DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Linfócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtornos Psicóticos/tratamento farmacológico , Psicotrópicos/farmacologia , Esquizofrenia/tratamento farmacológico
14.
Gene ; 668: 12-17, 2018 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29775749

RESUMO

Oncogenes are mutated form of normal cellular genes called as proto-oncogenes and conduce to the cancer development process. Despite the fact that so many genes have been described, new genes with oncogenic characteristic and potential or tumor supressoring activity are still being defined. Recently, Up-regulated gene 4/Upregulator of cell proliferation (URG4/URGCP), a novel gene, induced by hepatitis-Bvirus-encoded X antigen (HBxAg), has been identified. URG4/URGCP gene was registered to the National Center for Biotechnology Information-GenBank (NCBI-GenBank, Entrez GeneID: 55665 and Entrez Nucleotide ID NM_017920). URG4/URGCP is located on the short arm of chromosome 7 (7p13) and synthesizes a protein containing 922 amino acids in the cytoplas. Relationship between URG4/URGCP expression and clinicopathologic characteristics were evaluated and significant results were in various cancer types such as hepatocellular carcinoma, osteosarcoma, nasopharyngeal carcinoma, bladder cancer, gastric cancer and glioma. Although, biological activity of URG4/URGCP and its effect mechanism in malignant cells is not fully understood, all interesting and promising results shows that URG4/URGCP may be a putative oncogene that contributes to multistep carcinogenesis, cell cycle regulation and other important biological process in the cell.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/genética , Carcinogênese , Humanos , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Oncogenes
15.
Int J Med Mushrooms ; 20(11): 1075-1086, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30806231

RESUMO

Mushrooms comprise an unlimited source of active compounds that have beneficial health effects without known negative side effects and can potentially be used as important therapeutic products against cancer, which is the leading cause of death worldwide. In this study we investigated the cytotoxic, antiproliferative, apoptotic, and anti-invasion effects of Macrolepiota procera, which is valued as an edible and medicinal mushroom, on A549 lung cancer cells. The cytotoxic effect of the M. procera extract was determined by using the XTT method. Total RNA was isolated from cells with TRI Reagent to determine the apoptotic effect of the extract, after which complementary DNA was synthesized. Expression profiles of the target genes were determined by quantitative reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, and protein changes were determined by using Western blotting. We used the TUNEL assay to evaluate the apoptotic effects of the M. procera extract. Effects of M. procera on cell invasion were investigated by using a Matrigel chamber assay. The half-maximal inhibitory concentration of the M. procera extract was determined to be 2 mg/mL against A549 lung cancer cells at 72 hours. According to our results, expression of Cyclin Dl, CDK4, CDK6, Bcl-2, Akt, and NOXA genes significantly decreased and that of Bax, Caspase-3, Caspase-9, PTEN, PUMA, p21, and p53 increased in cells from the dose group compared with their expression in control cells. According to the results of the TUNEL assay, 28 ± 3.6% of cells were apoptotic in the dose group. The M. procera extract also reduced invasion in A549 cancer cells. The results suggest that M. procera has an antiproliferative effect in a dose- and time-dependent manner.


Assuntos
Agaricales/química , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Basidiomycota/química , Células A549 , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica
16.
Eur J Hum Genet ; 25(10): 1118-1125, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28832566

RESUMO

Microcephalic primordial dwarfism (MPD) is a group of autosomal recessive inherited single-gene disorders with intrauterine and postnatal global growth failure. Seckel syndrome is the most common form of the MPD. Ten genes are known with Seckel syndrome. Using genome-wide SNP genotyping and homozygosity mapping we mapped a Seckel syndrome gene to chromosomal region 4q28.1-q28.3 in a Turkish family. Direct sequencing of PLK4 (polo-like kinase 4) revealed a homozygous splicing acceptor site transition (c.31-3 A>G) that results in a premature translation termination (p.[=,Asp11Profs*14]) causing deletion of all known functional domains of the protein. PLK4 is a master regulator of centriole biogenesis and its deficiency has recently been associated with Seckel syndrome. However, the role of PLK4 in genomic stability and the DNA damage response is unclear. Evaluation of the PLK4-Seckel fibroblasts obtained from patient revealed the expected impaired centriole biogenesis, disrupted mitotic morphology, G2/M delay, and extended cell doubling time. Analysis of the PLK4-Seckel cells indicated that PLK4 is also essential for genomic stability and DNA damage response. These findings provide mechanistic insight into the pathogenesis of the severe growth failure associated with PLK4-deficiency.


Assuntos
Centrossomo/metabolismo , Dano ao DNA , Nanismo/genética , Microcefalia/genética , Mutação , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Adulto , Células Cultivadas , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cromossomos Humanos Par 4/genética , Nanismo/patologia , Feminino , Fibroblastos/citologia , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Instabilidade Genômica , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Microcefalia/patologia , Mitose , Linhagem , Processamento de RNA/genética
17.
Cytotechnology ; 69(1): 135-144, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28058568

RESUMO

The present investigation was undertaken to evaluate the antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the wild edible mushroom Agaricus lanipes, and also to investigate its cytotoxicity and potential and possible apoptotic effect against the A549 lung cancer cell line in in vitro conditions. Total antioxidant capacity, total phenolic content, total oxidant status, total antioxidant status, lipid hydroperoxides, and total free -SH levels of A. lanipes were found to be 4.55 mg T/g, 14.6 mg GA equivalent/g, 3.10 mg H2O2 equivalent/g, 2.25 mg H2O2 equivalent/g, and 1.90 µmol/g, respectively. The methanolic extract of A. lanipes had relatively strong antimicrobial activity against seven tested microorganism strains. It also had high anti-proliferative potency and strong pro-apoptotic effects, and this mushroom used as a daily nutrient could be a source for new drug developments and treatment in cancer therapies, and could be a guide for studies in this area.

18.
J Surg Res ; 207: 241-248, 2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27979484

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute renal failure is commonly seen in the perioperative period. Ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury plays a major role in acute renal failure and delayed graft function. MicroRNAs (miRs), which are pivotal modulators of cell activities, offer a major opportunity for affective diagnosis and treatment strategies because they are tissue specific and in the center of gene expression modulation. The effect of bardoxolone methyl (BM) on miR-21, miR-223-5p, and miR-125b in renal IR injury was evaluated in this study. METHODS: Wistar-Albino rats (12-16 wk old, weighing 300-350 g) were used in the study. Rats (n = 6) were randomized into three groups (control, IR, and BM + IR). Tissue levels of miRs were analyzed with reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: Significant reduction of urea and total oxidant status, increase of total antioxidant status, and oxidative stress index were identified in the IR + BM group compared with the IR group. Significant increases of miR-21 (2842.82-fold) and miR-125b (536.8-fold) were identified in the IR group compared with the control group; however, miR-223-5p levels did not show any significant difference. Also, miR-21 and miR-125b were significantly reduced in the IR + BM group compared with the IR group. Reduced histopathologic changes were observed in the IR + BM group. A significant decrease in the number of tunel-positive cells was identified in the IR + BM group compared with the IR group. CONCLUSIONS: miR-125b was significantly increased in IR injury; thus, miR-125b can be a potential novel marker that can be used in diagnosis and treatment of renal IR injury. BM reduces miR-21 and miR-125b in case of IR injury and makes functional and histopathologic repairs.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Rim/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Ácido Oleanólico/análogos & derivados , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/diagnóstico , Animais , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Rim/irrigação sanguínea , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/patologia , Ácido Oleanólico/farmacologia , Ácido Oleanólico/uso terapêutico , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos Wistar , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/tratamento farmacológico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/patologia
19.
Ren Fail ; 38(9): 1468-1475, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27760486

RESUMO

AIM: MicroRNAs (miR) are important diagnostic and treatment targets due to their different tissue expressions and their central position in the regulation of gene expressions. miR studies might pioneer emerging of new diagnostic tools and treatment goals in kidney diseases. Captopril (CAP) and telmisartan (TEL) were shown to be effective in ischemia reperfusion (IR) injury. There is not any study about the effect of TEL and CAP over miR-21-320-146a. Our aim was to study the effects of CAP and TEL over miR on renal IR model. METHODS: We used 12-16 weeks-old Wistar-Albino rats that weigh 300-350 g. Rats (n, 6) were randomized into four groups (Control, IR, IR + CAP, IR + TEL). Urea, creatinine, total antioxidant status (TAS), total oxidant status (TOS), oxidative stress index (OSI), super oxide dismutase (SOD), and miRs were analyzed. RESULTS: Urea, creatinine, TOS, OSI levels of IR + CAP, and IR + TEL groups were lower comparing to IR group. TAS and SOD levels were higher in IR group than IR + TEL group. miR-21-320-146a showed increase in renal IR injury. miR-320, 146a showed significant decrease in IR + CAP and IR + TEL groups comparing to IR group. We showed histopathological recovery and decreased apoptosis in IR + CAP and IR + T groups than IR group. CONCLUSION: We, for the first time in the literature, showed that miR-320 is increased in IR injury. miR-320 might be a novel diagnosis and treatment target in renal ischemic reperfusion injury. Also, for the first time, we showed that CAP and TEL cause functional and histopathological recovery and lower miR-146a and miR-320.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/genética , Estresse Oxidativo , RNA/genética , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/genética , Lesão Renal Aguda/etiologia , Lesão Renal Aguda/metabolismo , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Creatinina/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Masculino , MicroRNAs/biossíntese , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/complicações , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Ureia/metabolismo
20.
Gene ; 585(1): 93-99, 2016 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27032461

RESUMO

Neuroblastoma is one of the most common types of pediatric tumors that can spread quickly in neuronal tissues. Oleuropein which is active compound of olive leaves, belongs to polyphenols group and has antioxidant, anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory, anti-hypertensive and anti-carcinogenic effects. The aim of the study is to determine the therapeutic effects of oleuropein on cell proliferation, invasion, colony formation, cell cycle and apoptotic mechanisms in SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cell line under in vitro conditions. The effect of oleuropein on cell viability was determined by XTT method. 84 cell cycle control and 84 apoptosis related genes were evaluated by RT-PCR. Effects of oleuropein on apoptosis were researched by TUNEL assay. Protein expressions were determined by western blot analysis. Effects of oleuropein on cell invasion, colony formation and migration were detected by matrigel-chamber, colony formation assay and wound-healing assay, respectively. IC50 value of oleuropein in SH-SY5Y cells was detected as 350 µM at 48th hours. It is determined that oleuropein causes cell cycle arrest by down-regulating of CylinD1,CylinD2,CyclinD3,CDK4,CDK6 and up-regulating of p53 and CDKN2A, CDKN2B, CDKN1A gene expressions. Oleuropein also induces apoptosis by inhibiting of Bcl-2 and activating of Bax,caspase-9 and caspase-3 gene expressions. Apoptotic cell ratio was found 36.4 ± 3.27% in oleuropein dose group. Oleuropein decreased invasion in SH-SY5Y cells and suppressed colony numbers in ratio of 53.6 ± 4.71%.Our results demonstrated that oleuropein can be a therapeutic agent in the treatment of neuroblastoma.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G1 do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Iridoides/farmacologia , Neuroblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Neuroblastoma/patologia , Divisão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Marcação In Situ das Extremidades Cortadas , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA