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1.
Am J Emerg Med ; 43: 134-141, 2021 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33561622

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: One of the modifiable risk factors for ST elevation myocardial infarction is prehospital delay. The purpose of our study was to look at the effect of contamination contamination obsession on prehospital delay compared with other measurements during the Covid-19 pandemic. METHOD: A total of 139 patients with acute STEMI admitted to our heart center from 20 March 2020 to 20 June 2020 were included in this study. If the time interval between the estimated onset of symptoms and admission to the emergency room was >120 min, it was considered as a prehospital delay. The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and Padua Inventory-Washington State University Revision (PI-WSUR) test were used to assess Contamination-Obbsessive compulsive disorder (C-OCD). RESULT: The same period STEMI count compared to the previous year decreased 25%. The duration of symptoms onset to hospital admission was longer in the first month compared to second and third months (180 (120-360), 120 (60-180), and 105 (60-180), respectively; P = 0.012). Multivariable logistic regression (model-2) was used to examine the association between 7 candidate predictors (age, gender, diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension, smoking, pain-onset time, and coronary artery disease (CAD) history), PI-WSUR C-OCD, and admission month with prehospital delay. Among variables, PI-WSUR C-OCD and admission month were independently associated with prehospital delay (OR 5.36 (2.11-13.61) (P = 0.01); 0.26 (0.09-0.87) p < 0.001] respectively]. CONCLUSION: Our study confirmed that contamination obsession was associated with prehospital delay of STEMI patients, however anxiety and depression level was not associated during the pandemic.

2.
Acta Cardiol ; : 1-9, 2021 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33501898

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES AND BACKGROUND: In this study we assessed the prognostic value of main pulmonary artery diameter and its ratio to ascending aorta diameter (P/Ao ratio) in advanced heart failure patients. METHODS: Patients with advanced heart failure who were candidates for heart transplantation were retrospectively evaluated. The clinical information, cardiac catheterisation results, and computed tomography images were gathered from institutional database system. The observed and predicted probabilities for survival were analysed in a nomogram. RESULTS: The P/Ao ratio was found to be a strong predictor for MACE both in traditional multivariable Cox proportional hazard regression modelling (increase in P/Ao ratio per 2 SD, HR:2.72, 95% CI 1.14-6.48, p = 0.024) and ridge regression analysis (increase in P/Ao ratio per 2SD, HR:3.45, 95% CI 1.53-7.74, p = 0.003). Prediction model showed statistically significant correlation between the observed and predicted probabilities for 1-year survival. CONCLUSION: In patients with advanced heart failure, computed tomography derived P/Ao ratio might be a prognostic predictor during follow up.

3.
Postgrad Med J ; 2020 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33310896

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relation between body mass index (BMI) and coronary artery disease (CAD) extension remains controversial. A new score was developed to estimate body fat percentage (BFP) known as Relative Fat Mass (RFM) Index. This study aimed to evaluate the value of RFM Index in predicting the severity of the CAD, compared with other anthropometric measurements. METHODS: A total of 325 patients with chronic CAD were investigated. RFM, BFP, BMI and other anthropometric characteristics of patients were measured before angiography. CAD severity was determined by SYNergy between percutaneous coronary intervention with TAXus and cardiac surgery trial (SYNTAX) Score. The association between SYNTAX Score and variables was evaluated using linear regression models. In order to compare the model performance, R-squared (R2), Akaike's information criterion, Bayesian information criterion and root mean square error were used. RESULTS: Univariate linear regression outcome variable, SYNTAX was used to determine whether there was any relationship between variables. Independent variables were included in the multivariable linear logistic regression models. The analysis showed that in model 1, RFM (ß coefficient: 2.31 (0.90 to 3.71), p=0.001)), diabetes mellitus (ß coefficient: 3.72 (1.67 to 3.76), p=0.004)), haemoglobin (ß coefficient: -2.12 (-3.70 to -0.53), p=0.03) and age (ß coefficient: 1.83 (0.29 to 3.37), p=0.02)) were statistically significant. The adjusted R2 values in model 1 were higher than model 2 (BFP) and model 3 (BMI) (0.155, 0.137 and 0.130, respectively), and χ2 values of RFM were higher than BFP and BMI (10.5, 3.4 and 1.0, respectively). CONCLUSION: RFM Index is a more reliable and compatible marker of obesity in showing the severity of CAD compared to BMI.

4.
Herz ; 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009623

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The growing problem of endocardial lead infections and lead malfunctions has increased interest in percutaneous lead-removal technology. Transvenous lead extraction (TLE) via simple manual traction (SMT) is the first-line therapy. When SMT is not successful, TLE from the femoral vein using a gooseneck snare (GS) with a radiofrequency ablation catheter (RFAC) may be an alternative option. The aim of our study was to evaluate the success rate of transvenous extraction of chronically implanted leads via the femoral approach using a GS with RFCA in cases of failure with SMT. METHODS: The study included 94 consecutive patients who were referred for lead extraction due to pocket erosion and infection (71 patients) and to lead malfunction (23 patients). Initially, SMT was attempted for all patients. If SMT was not successful, patients underwent TLE using a GS with RFAC. RESULTS: Leads were extracted successfully with SMT in 34 patients (54 leads), while 60 patients (83 leads) underwent TLE using a GS with RFAC. The mean indwelling time of the leads was longer in the femoral approach with GS (87.5 ± 37.9 vs. 31.3 ± 25.8 months; p < 0.001). The procedural success rate was 96.7% in the femoral approach with GS. A preceding implantation lead duration of >51 months predicted an unsuccessful SMT necessitating alternative TLE using a GS with RFAC with 86% sensitivity and 78% specificity (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Transvenous lead extraction via the femoral approach using GS with RFAC may be an alternative approach to SMT with a high success rate, especially when the indwelling time of the leads is long.

5.
Pulm Circ ; 10(3): 2045894020931299, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32922744

RESUMO

We evaluated whether updated pulmonary hypertension definitive criteria proposed in sixth World Symposium on Pulmonary Hypertension had an impact on diagnosis of overall pulmonary hypertension and pre-capillary and combined pre- and post-capillary phenotypes as compared to those in European Society of Cardiology/European Respiratory Society 2015 pulmonary hypertension Guidelines. Study group comprised the retrospectively evaluated 1300 patients (age 53.1 ± 18.8 years, female 807, 62.1%) who underwent right heart catheterization with different indications between 2006 and 2018. Mean pulmonary arterial pressure ≥25 mmHg (European Society of Cardiology) and PAMP (mean pulmonary arterial pressure) >20 mmHg (World Symposium on Pulmonary Hypertension) right heart catheterization definitions criteria were used, respectively. For pre-capillary pulmonary hypertension, pulmonary artery wedge pressure ≤15 mmHg and pulmonary vascular resistance ≥3 Wood units criteria were included in the both definitions. Normal mean pulmonary arterial pressure (<21 mmHg), borderline mean pulmonary arterial pressure elevation (21-24 mmHg), and overt pulmonary hypertension (≥25 mmHg) were documented in 21.1, 9.8, and 69.1% of the patients, respectively. The pre-capillary and combined pre- and post-capillary pulmonary hypertension were noted in 2.9 and 1.1%, 8.7 and 2.5%, and 34.6 and 36.6% of the patients with normal mean pulmonary arterial pressure, borderline, and overt pulmonary hypertension subgroups, respectively. The World Symposium on Pulmonary Hypertension versus European Society of Cardiology/European Respiratory Society definitions resulted in a net 9.8% increase in the diagnosis of overall pulmonary hypertension whereas increases in the pre-capillary pulmonary hypertension and combined pre- and post-capillary pulmonary hypertension diagnosis were only 0.8 and 0.3%, respectively. The re-definition of mean pulmonary arterial pressure threshold seems to increase the frequency of the overall pulmonary hypertension diagnosis. However, this increase was mainly originated from those in post-capillary pulmonary hypertension subgroup whereas its impact on pre-capillary and combined pre- and post-capillary pulmonary hypertension was negligible. Moreover, criteria of pre-capillary pulmonary vascular disease and combined pre- and post-capillary phenotypes were still detectable even in the presence of normal mean pulmonary arterial pressure. The obligatory criteria of pulmonary vascular resistance ≥3 Wood units seems to keep specificity for discrimination between pre-capillary versus post-C pulmonary hypertension after lowering the definitive mean pulmonary arterial pressure threshold to 20 mmHg.

6.
Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis ; 31(7): 445-451, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32833803

RESUMO

: We aimed to investigate how prosthetic valve thrombosis (PVT) affects brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels and how BNP changes following thrombolytic therapy. The study included 70 consecutive patients with left-sided mechanical PVT who received thrombolytic therapy. The patients were divided into two groups, namely obstructive thrombus (n = 42) and nonobstructive thrombus (NOT, n = 28). BNP levels of patients were assessed before and after thrombolytic therapy. BNP levels were higher in obstructive thrombus group than NOT group in whole study population, in patients with mitral PVT and in patients with aortic PVT [325.0 (189.5-496.0) vs. 84.0 (44.5-140.0), P < 0.001, 323.0 (193-449.0) vs. 59.0 (37.0-131.0), P < 0.001 and 321.0 (132.0-525.0) vs. 99.0 (60.5-173.0), P < 0.001]. BNP levels were positively correlated with transmitral and transaortic mean gradients, and negatively correlated with mitral valve area (r: 0.374, P = 0.013; r: 0.432, P = 0.035 and; r: -0.642, P < 0.001, respectively). BNP values above 165 pg/ml may predict the presence of obstructive thrombus with a sensitivity of 88.0%, and a specificity of 79.0% (AUC = 0.928, 95% confidence interval: 0.871-0.986, P < 0.001). Following thrombolytic therapy, BNP levels (pg/ml) significantly decreased from 325.0 (189.5-496.0) to 137.0 (101.7-224.5), P < 0.001, in all patients with obstructive thrombus, from 323.0 (193.0-449.0) to 129.0 (98.0-223.0), P < 0.001, in patients with only mitral obstructive thrombus and from 321.0 (132.0-525.0) to 181.0 (99.0-217.5), P < 0.001, in patients with only aortic obstructive thrombus. BNP levels are significantly higher in prosthetic valve patients with obstructive thrombus than in those with NOT and decrease in patients with obstructive thrombus after thrombolytic therapy. A cut off value of BNP of at least 165.0 pg/ml was found to discriminate obstructive thrombus from NOT.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32761496

RESUMO

Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) is an independent predictor for prognosis in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. We aimed to investigate the relationship of admission LVEDP measured after a successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) with scintigraphic infarct size (IS) and global longitudinal strain (GLS), a strong predictor of IS, in STEMI patients. A total of 62 consecutive patients with STEMI were enrolled in the study. LVEDP measurements were performed after pPCI in patients who had TIMI-3 flow. Echocardiography was performed 24 h after pPCI and repeated 3 months later. GLS was calculated as an average peak strain from the 3 apical projections. IS was evaluated at the third month by technetium 99m sestamibi. The mean age was 56 ± 8 years in the study population. The mean LVEDP was found 19.4 ± 4.4 mmHg. Median IS was 4% (0-11.7 IQR).The mean GLS at the 24th hour and the third month were found to be - 15.4 ± 2.8 and - 16.7 ± 2.5 respectively. There was a moderate negative correlation between LVEDP and GLS (24th-hour p < 0.001 r = - 0.485 and third-month p < 0.001 r = - 0.489). LVEDP had a moderate positive correlation with scintigraphic IS (p < 0.001 r = 0.545). In the multivariable model, we found that LVEDP was significantly associated with scintigraphic IS (ß coefficient = 0.570, p = 0.008) but was not associated with the 24th hour (ß coefficient = 0.092, p = 0.171) and third month GLS (ß coefficient = 0.037, p = 0.531). This study demonstrated that there was a statistically significant relationship between LVEDP and scintigraphic IS, and IS was increased with high LVEDP values. However, there was not a relationship between LVEDP and GLS.

8.
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars ; 48(5): 545-551, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32633261

RESUMO

A 58-year-old man with a left ventricular assist device (LVAD), which had been implanted 1 year earlier, presented with rest dyspnea. Moderate to severe aortic regurgitation (AR), pre-postcapillary pulmonary hypertension, modarete right ventricular (RV) failure, and low cardiac output were observed at presentation. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) was performed to treat the AR and a self-expandable aortic valve was implanted. Within minutes, hypotension, RV and inferior vena cava dilatation, and left atrial (LA) and left ventricular (LV) collapse occurred and persisted despite LVAD speed reduction. It was observed that severe RV failure had developed and venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) was applied. Following VA-ECMO treatment, the RV dimensions decreased, and the LA and LV dimensions began to increase, as well as the LVAD flow. Weaning from VA-ECMO was unsuccessful and exitus occurred on the fifth day after TAVI secondary to RV failure. It was surmised that the decrease in blood circulation from the aorta to the LV after treatment of severe AR with TAVI caused an acute increase in the cardiac output and the RV preload. The acute increase in the RV preload led to acute severe right heart failure. It is necessary to prepare the RV to compete with an acute increase in preload before TAVI even when there is only modarete RV failure.

9.
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars ; 48(2): 116-126, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32147652

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was an investigation of the severity of inflammation (SOI) in aspirated material and thrombus age to examine any association with pre-discharge and long-term left ventricular (LV) function after ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: The study group comprised 25 patients with STEMI from whom an occlusive thrombus was aspirated from the infarct-related artery with a 7-F catheter. The SOI in the aspirate was determined according to the mean leukocyte count in 5 high-power magnification fields and graded as mild in the presence of ≤100 leukocytes per field or significant if there were >100 leukocytes per field. The thrombi were categorized as fresh or lytic/organized (L/O) using predefined criteria. Echocardiographic assessment was performed prior to discharge and at 1 year. Adverse left ventricular remodeling (LVR) was defined as a 20% increase in LV end-diastolic volume in comparison with baseline values. RESULTS: LVR was observed in 8 patients. The mean leukocyte count of the aspirate (127.5±86.0 vs 227.2±120.7; p=0.026) and frequency of significant inflammation (35% vs 75% p=0.046) were significantly higher in the group with LVR. The serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) level was significantly correlated with the leukocyte count of the aspirate (r=0.532; p=0.006). An L/O thrombus was related to better pre-discharge and long-term LV volumes and ejection fraction values compared with a fresh thrombus. CONCLUSION: A significant increase in the leukocyte count in the aspirate and a fresh thrombus might predict long-term LV functional deterioration irrespective of the clinical and procedure-related characteristics. In addition, serum markers of inflammation, like hsCRP, might also reflect the intensity of the local inflammatory response at the site of occlusion.

10.
Herz ; 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31965196

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between the tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion/pulmonary arterial systolic pressure (TAPSE/PASP) ratio and model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score in patients with advanced heart failure. METHODS: A total of 103 patients with advanced heart failure evaluated for candidacy for heart transplantation were included in this study. TAPSE was measured by M­mode echocardiography and cardiac catheterization was performed. TAPSE/ PASP ratio and MELD score were calculated. RESULTS: The median age of patients was 49 (40.5-54) years and the majority were male (92%). The percentage of patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy was 40%. The mean value of the group's MELD score was 10 ± 3.3 and the median value of TAPSE/PASP 0.24 (0.18-0.34). There was a moderate negative correlation between TAPSE/PASP and MELD score (r: -0.38, p < 0.001). Right atrial pressure (RAP) and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) were also negatively correlated with TAPSE/PASP (correlation coefficients were r: -0.562 and r: -0.575, respectively). In patients with a lower TAPSE/PASP ratio, MELD score, LVEDP and RAP were higher and tricuspid regurgitation was more severe, but there were no significant differences between cardiac output (CO) and mean aortic pressure (mean BP). The presence of ischemia was found to be an independent predictor for lower values of TAPSE/PASP. CONCLUSION: The lower TAPSE/PASP obtained on echocardiography may be a sign of the multi-organ failure defined as a high MELD score in patients with advanced heart failure.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31544899

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epicardial fat reflects abdominal visceral adiposity and visceral fat plays an important role in the development of an unfavorable metabolic and atherosclerosis risk profile. Intracoronary thrombus burden is an important factor affecting the success of the procedure particularly in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Therefore, determining the factors predicting thrombus burden has great importance in predicting adverse cardiovascular events as well as determining the most appropriate treatment strategy to prevent failure in PCI. AIM: The aim of the current study was to evaluate the relationship between Epicardial adipose thickness (EAT) and thrombus burden in the patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who undergo primary PCI (pPCI). METHODS: The study was prospective and included patients (n=156) who were referred to Kosuyolu Research and Education hospital with STEMI between 2016 and 2017. Thrombus burden was scored as follows: 0 (no thrombus), 1 (possible thrombus), 2 (definite thrombus <0.5xreference vessel diameter), 3 (definite thrombus 0.5-2xreference vessel diameter), 4 (definite thrombus >2xreference vessel diameter), and 5 (complete vessel occlusion). According to thrombus grade the patients were grouped as low thrombus burden (grades 0-3) and high thrombus burden (grades 4 and 5). EAT, identified as an echo-free space between the myocardium and visceral pericardium, was measured perpendicularly, on the free wall of the right ventricle at both parasternal long- and short-axis views at end-diastole in three cardiac cycles. RESULTS: Fifty-one subjects were in the low thrombus burden group and 105 in the high thrombus burden group. There were no differences in the two groups for LVEF, smoking status, family history of coronary artery disease (CAD), diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension (HT), and hypercholesterolemia and for total cholesterol, triglyceride, GFR, LDL-C and HDL-C. In multivariate logistic regression analysis the EAT (odds ratio: 2.53, 95% CI: 1.76-3.67; p < .001) was found as an independent predictor of high thrombus burden. CONCLUSIONS: The present study showed that EAT was an independent predictor of coronary thrombus burden in STEMI.

12.
Eur J Pediatr ; 179(4): 619-625, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31865427

RESUMO

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) is a significant cause of acute heart failure in adults. However, triggering factors, ECG and echocardiographic findings, and prognosis of TC have not been well studied in children. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the demographic characteristics, signs and symptoms, laboratory findings, and prognosis of children with TC. We analyzed demographic characteristics of childhood TC cases (aged < 18 years) treated at our university hospital from 2014 to 2019. The triggering factors of TC; outcomes of the disease; and laboratory, ECG, and echocardiographic findings at presentation were also examined. A total of 17 patients (mean age 9.71 ± 5.03 years, 52.9% female) were included in the study. Chest pain, palpitation, and dyspnea were the most common presenting symptoms. The most common triggering factor was emotional stress (47%) in our study population. Ten patients (58.8%) had a classical form of TC, with apical left ventricular wall motion abnormalities. None of the patients died, and 15 (88.2%) had complete recovery of left ventricular systolic function. Only two patients (11.8%) had a left ventricular ejection fraction < 50% at the end of follow-up.Conclusion: This is the first retrospective data on childhood TC. The majority of patients with TC experienced an emotional stress as a trigger of the disease, and nearly 90% of the patients completely recovered.What is Known? • The occurrence of acute heart failure following an emotional or physical stress is called Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC). • Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is rarely reported in childrenWhat is New? • The present study is the first case series of children with TC. • In contrast to the female predominance in adult population, TC was almost equally distributed between boys and girls in the pediatric age group.

13.
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars ; 47(5): 357-364, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31311896

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the validity of automated quantitative and semiquantitative visual analysis of total perfusion deficit (TPD) using the IQ SPECT gamma camera system compared to conventional coronary angiographically detected significant coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: The study included patients with suspected CAD who underwent myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography and conventional coronary angiography. The summed stress score (SSS), summed rest score (SRS), and summed difference score (SDS) (semiquantitative visual analysis results) were assessed using a 5-point scale in a standard 17-segment model, and TPD (stress, rest, and ischemic TPD) was quantified using automated software. RESULTS: In all, 84 patients (Group 1, those who underwent revascularization) had significant coronary artery lesions, and 81 (Group 2) had non-significant lesions. The median interquartile range values were: stress-TPD (sTPD): 16 (3.5- 33.5) vs 9.2 (2-17.9), rest-TPD: 9.4 (2.2-18.8) vs 4 (1-11), and 6.9 (1.9-14.1) vs 3.4 (1-6.1) for ischemic-TPD (iTPD) in Group 1 and Group 2, respectively. To detect ischemia, the optimal cut-off points were 9.5 (sensitivity: 75%, specificity; 60%) for sTPD, and 4.5 (sensitivity: 56%, specificity: 73%) for iTPD. There were significant correlations between quantitative and semi-quantitative methods in detection of significant coronary artery disease (sTPD-SSS: r=0.954, sTPD-SDS: r=0.746, iTPD-SSS: r=0.654, iTPD-SDS: r=0.759; p<0.05 for all). CONCLUSION: The quantitative analysis and summed stress scores produced by the IQ SPECT system appear to be a useful and valid method to detect significant CAD.


Assuntos
Angina Estável/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia Coronária/estatística & dados numéricos , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Feminino , Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
14.
North Clin Istanb ; 6(1): 40-47, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31180377

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that multicenter automatic defibrillator implantation trial (MADIT) - implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) scores predict replacement requirement and appropriate shock in a mixed population including both primary and secondary prevention and long-term adverse cardiovascular events. METHODS: The study has a retrospective design. Patients who were implanted with ICD in the cardiology clinic of Atatürk University Faculty of Medicine between 2000 and 2013 were included in the study. For this purpose, 1394 patients who were implanted with a device in our clinic were reviewed. Then, those who were implanted with permanent pacemaker (n=1005), cardiac resynchronization treatment (CRT) (n=45) and CRT-ICD (n=198) were excluded. RESULTS: A total of 146 patients (98 males, 67.1%) with a mean age of 61.1 (±14.8) years were recruited. The median follow-up time was 21.5 months (mean 30.6±25.9 months; minimum 4 months, and maximum 120 months). The median MADIT-ICD scores in the patients were 2. MADIT-ICD scores were categorized as low in 15.1%, intermediate in 57.5%, and high score in 27.4% of patients. Accordingly, MADIT-ICD scores (1.29 [1.00-1.68], p=0.050), hemoglobin (0.86 [0.75-0.99], p=0.047), and left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) (0.97 [0.94-0.99], p=0.023) were determined as independent predictors of major adverse cardiovascular events in the long-term follow-up of ICD-implanted population. CONCLUSION: In this study, we showed that there was an independent association of long-term adverse cardiovascular events with MADIT-ICD score, hemoglobin, and EF in patients implanted with ICD.

15.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 55(2)2019 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30781429

RESUMO

Background and objective: In patients with acute myocardial infarction and multivessel disease, the timing of intervention to non-culprit lesions is still a matter of debate, especially in patients without shock. This study aimed to compare the effect of multivessel intervention, performed at index percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) (MVI-I) or index hospitalization (MVI-S), on the 30-day results of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and to investigate the effect of coronary lesion complexity assessed by the Syntax (Sx) score on the timing of multivessel intervention. Materials and methods: We enrolled 180 patients with MVI-I, and 425 patients with MVI-S. The major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) for this study were identified as mortality, nonfatal myocardial infarction, nonfatal stroke, acute heart failure, ischemia driven revascularization, major bleeding, and acute renal failure developed within 30 days. Results: The unadjusted MACE rates at 30 days were 11.2% and 5% among those who underwent MVI-I and MVI-S, respectively (OR 3.02; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.51⁻6.02; p=0.002). Associations were statistically significant after adjusting for covariates in the penalized multivariable model (adjusted OR 2.06; 95%CI 1.02⁻4.18; p=0.043), propensity score adjusted multivariable model (adjusted OR 2.46; 95%CI 1.19⁻5.07; p=0.015), and IPW (adjusted OR 2.11; 95%CI 1.28⁻3.47; p=0.041). We found that the Syntax score of lesions did not affect the results. Conclusion: MVI-S was associated with a lower incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events within 30 days after discharge.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Revascularização Miocárdica/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Lesão Renal Aguda/etiologia , Idoso , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Hospitalização , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Análise de Regressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/complicações
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32082820

RESUMO

Background: This study aims to investigate the effect of time interval between coronary angiography and coronary artery bypass grafting surgery on postoperative acute kidney injury in patients with diabetes mellitus. Methods: Between December 2013 and November 2016, a total of 421 diabetic patients (274 males, 147 females; mean age 60±9.2 years; range, 31 to 84 years) who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting were included in the study. Data including demographic characteristics of the patients, comorbidities, medical, and surgical histories, previous coronary angiographies, and operative and laboratory results were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into two groups as those with acute kidney injury (n=108) and those without acute kidney injury (n=313). The Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss, End-Stage Kidney Disease (RIFLE) criteria were used to define acute kidney injury. The patients were further classified into three subgroups according to the time interval: 0-3 days, 4-7 days, and >7 days. Results: There was no statistically significant difference in the median time between coronary angiography and coronary artery bypass grafting between the patients with and without acute kidney injury (11.5 and 12.0 days; respectively p=0.871). There was no significant difference in the risk factors for acute kidney injury among the subgroups. Multivariate analysis revealed that previous myocardial infarction (odds ratio [OR]: 5.192, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.176-12.38; p<0.001) and the increase in the creatinine levels in the first postoperative day (OR: 4.102 and 95% CI: 1.278- 13.17; p=0.018) were independent predictors of acute kidney injury. Conclusion: Coronary artery bypass grafting can be performed without any delay after coronary angiography without an increase in the postoperative risk of acute kidney injury in patients with diabetes mellitus.

17.
Eur Oral Res ; 52(1): 27-35, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30574596

RESUMO

Purpose: This study aimed to develop Turkish measures for Pediatric Oral Health-related Quality of Life (POQL) and evaluate their reliability and validity for use in Turkish children aged 8-14 years (Child Self-Report measure; CSR) and their caregivers (Parent Report-on-Child measure; PRC). Materials and methods: The English POQL was translated into Turkish, adapted for the Turkish culture, and tested in 149 children and their caregivers attending the Çukurova University Pediatric Dentistry clinics to assess the reliability, internal consistency, and discriminant and convergent validity of the Turkish version. Results: The internal consistency of the Turkish POQL evaluated using Cronbach's alpha was 0.905 for CSR and 0.887 for PRC. To determine the test-retest reliability, the Turkish POQL was administered to a sub-sample (n=16) a second time 2 weeks after the first survey administration. Intraclass correlation coefficient values of the individual items were 0.895 for CSR and 0.992 for PRC. For total scores, there was a significant difference based on clinical caries status and perceived oral health in both CSR and PRC. Conclusion: The Turkish POQL is a valid and reliable measure of the perceived impact of oral conditions on children's lives.

18.
EuroIntervention ; 14(10): 1136-1143, 2018 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30082262

RESUMO

AIMS: In this single-centre study, we aimed to evaluate the short- and long-term efficacy and safety outcomes of ultrasound-assisted thrombolysis (USAT) performed in patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE) at intermediate to high risk and high risk (IHR, HR). METHODS AND RESULTS: The study group comprised 141 retrospectively evaluated patients with PE who underwent USAT. Tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) dosage was 36.1±15.3 mg, and infusion duration was 24.5±8.1 hours. USAT was associated with improvements in echocardiographic measures of right ventricle systolic function, pulmonary arterial (PA) obstruction score, right to left ventricle diameter ratio (RV/LV), right to left atrial diameter ratio and PA pressures, irrespective of the risk (p<0.0001 for all). In-hospital mortality, major and minor bleeding rates were 5.7%, 7.8% and 11.3%, respectively. Follow-up data (median 752 days) were available in all patients. Absolute and % changes in RV/LV and % changes in PA mean pressure were significantly higher in patients younger than 65 years compared with older patients, whereas bleeding, 30-day and long-term mortality were not related to age, t-PA dosage or infusion duration. HR versus IHR increased 30-day mortality. CONCLUSIONS: USAT was associated with improvements in thrombolysis and stabilisation of haemodynamics along with relatively low rates of complications in patients with PE, regardless of the risk status. However, HR still confers a higher short-term mortality. Increasing the t-PA dosage and prolongation of infusion may not offer benefit in USAT treatments.


Assuntos
Embolia Pulmonar , Terapia Trombolítica , Fibrinolíticos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia
19.
Pulm Circ ; 8(2): 2045894018762270, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29480067

RESUMO

Different Doppler echocardiography (DE) models have been proposed for estimation of mean pulmonary arterial pressures (PAMP) from tricuspid regurgitation (TR) jet velocity. We aimed to compare four TR-derived DE models in predicting the PAMP measured by right heart catheterization (RHC) in different groups of precapillary pulmonary hypertension (PH). A total of 287 patients with hemodynamically pre-capillary PH were enrolled (mean age = 51 ± 17.4 years, 59.9% female). All patients underwent DE before RHC (< 3 h) and four formulae (F) were used for TR-derived PAMP estimation (PAMP-DE). These were as follows: F1 = Chemla (0.61 × systolic pulmonary artery pressure [PASP] + 2); F2 = Friedberg (0.69 × PASP - 0.22), F3 = Aduen (0.70 × PASP); and F4 = Bech-Hanssen (0.65 × PASP - 1.2). The PASP and PAMP (mmHg) measured by RHC were 89.1 ± 30.4 and 55.8 ± 20.8, respectively. In the overall PH group, DE estimates for PASP (r = 0.59, P = 0.001) and PAMP (r = 0.56, P = 0.001 for all) showed significant correlations with corresponding RHC measures. Concordance was noted between Chemla and Bech-Hanssen, and Aduen and Bech-Hanssen. The Bland-Altman plot showed that Chemla and Bech-Hanssen overestimated and Friedberg and Aduen underestimated PAMP-RHC measures. Paired-t test showed significant systematic biases for Aduen and Bech-Hanssen while Passing-Bablok non-parametric analysis revealed significant systematic biases all four PAMP-DE estimates. There was poor agreement between PAMP-RHC measures and PAMP-DE deciles (Kappa values were 0.112, 0.097, 0.095, and 0.121, respectively). This study showed a poor agreement between PAMP-DE estimates by four TR-derived formulae and PAMP-RHC in patients with PH, regardless of the etiology. However, these results can not be fully extrapolated to a normal population and did not address the reliability of DE estimates for PH screening procedures.

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