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1.
Pediatr Transplant ; 23(7): e13545, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31297914

RESUMO

DOCK8 deficiency is a rare inherited combined immunodeficiency, caused by mutations in the DOCK8 gene. We describe a case with DOCK8 deficiency associated with severe CLD in whom orthotopic LT was performed successfully after allogeneic HSCT. A 5 year-old girl with DOCK8 deficiency presented with mild direct hyperbilirubinemia and abnormal GGT level and without a previous history of jaundice. She had severe growth retardation, hepatosplenomegaly and generalized eczema. Progressive worsening of CLD was observed within 4 months. Investigations for etiology of liver disease were negative. Liver biopsy showed bridging necrosis, cholestasis and, cirrhosis. Recurrent immune hemolytic crisis and several viral infections developed in follow-up. She underwent whole cadaveric LT for end-stage liver disease (ESLD) 1 year after allogenic HSCT from a full matched related donor. The postoperative course was uneventful. The patient is alive with normal liver function and moderate skin graft versus host disease for 36 months after LT. In conclusion DOCK8 deficiency can be associated with severe CLD. Successful LT following HSCT is possible in patients with ESLD in DOCK8 deficiency. The timing of LT is challenging in patients requiring both HSCT and LT since conditioning regimens for HSCT can be highly hepatotoxic and the patients with suboptimal liver function can become decompensated during HSCT.

2.
J Clin Immunol ; 39(3): 316-323, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30924026

RESUMO

Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is the most serious PID, characterized by T cell lymphopenia and lack of antigen-specific T cell and B cell immune responses, inevitably leading to death within the first year of life if hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is not performed. PURPOSE AND METHODS: Since SCID is a common type of PID with an estimated incidence of 1/10.000 in Turkey, a retrospective analysis of HSCT characteristics, survival, immune recovery, and the major clinical features of SCID prior to HSCT is the aim of this multi-transplant center-based analysis. RESULTS: A total of 234 SCID patients transplanted between the years 1994 and 2014 were included in the study. Median age at diagnosis was 5 months, at transplantation, 7 months, B- phenotype and RAGs were the most common defects among others. Immune phenotype did not seem to have an effect on survival rate (p > 0.05), Immunoglobulin (Ig) requirement following HSCT did not differ between B+ and B- phenotypes (p > 0.05). Overall survival rate was 65.7% over a period of 20 years. It increased from 54% (1994-2004) to 69% (p = 0.052) during the last 10 years (2005-2014). Ten-year survival after HSCT has improved over time although the difference was not significant. Infection at the time of transplantation (p = 0.006), mismatched related donor (MMRD) (haploidentical parents), and matched unrelated donor (MUD) donor transplants p < 0.001 were the most important factors, significantly affecting the outcome. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first multicenter study with the largest data obtained from transplanted SCID patients in Turkey. Early diagnosis with newborn screening (NBS) together with emerging referrals, treatment by transplantation centers, and specialized teams are mandatory in countries with high parental consanguinity such as Turkey.

3.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 143(6): 2238-2253, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30660643

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: CD40 ligand (CD40L) deficiency, an X-linked primary immunodeficiency, causes recurrent sinopulmonary, Pneumocystis and Cryptosporidium species infections. Long-term survival with supportive therapy is poor. Currently, the only curative treatment is hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). OBJECTIVE: We performed an international collaborative study to improve patients' management, aiming to individualize risk factors and determine optimal HSCT characteristics. METHODS: We retrospectively collected data on 130 patients who underwent HSCT for CD40L deficiency between 1993-2015. We analyzed outcome and variables' relevance with respect to survival and cure. RESULTS: Overall survival (OS), event-free survival (EFS), and disease-free survival (DFS) were 78.2%, 58.1%, and 72.3% 5 years after HSCT. Results were better in transplantations performed in 2000 or later and in children less than 10 years old at the time of HSCT. Pre-existing organ damage negatively influenced outcome. Sclerosing cholangitis was the most important risk factor. After 2000, superior OS was achieved with matched donors. Use of myeloablative regimens and HSCT at 2 years or less from diagnosis associated with higher OS and DFS. EFS was best with matched sibling donors, myeloablative conditioning (MAC), and bone marrow-derived stem cells. Most rejections occurred after reduced-intensity or nonmyeloablative conditioning, which associated with poor donor cell engraftment. Mortality occurred mainly early after HSCT, predominantly from infections. Among survivors who ceased immunoglobulin replacement, T-lymphocyte chimerism was 50% or greater donor in 85.2%. CONCLUSION: HSCT is curative in patients with CD40L deficiency, with improved outcome if performed before organ damage development. MAC is associated with better OS, EFS, and DFS. Prospective studies are required to compare the risks of HSCT with those of lifelong supportive therapy.

4.
Sci Immunol ; 3(30)2018 12 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30578351

RESUMO

Hundreds of patients with autosomal recessive, complete IL-12p40 or IL-12Rß1 deficiency have been diagnosed over the last 20 years. They typically suffer from invasive mycobacteriosis and, occasionally, from mucocutaneous candidiasis. Susceptibility to these infections is thought to be due to impairments of IL-12-dependent IFN-γ immunity and IL-23-dependent IL-17A/IL-17F immunity, respectively. We report here patients with autosomal recessive, complete IL-12Rß2 or IL-23R deficiency, lacking responses to IL-12 or IL-23 only, all of whom, unexpectedly, display mycobacteriosis without candidiasis. We show that αß T, γδ T, B, NK, ILC1, and ILC2 cells from healthy donors preferentially produce IFN-γ in response to IL-12, whereas NKT cells and MAIT cells preferentially produce IFN-γ in response to IL-23. We also show that the development of IFN-γ-producing CD4+ T cells, including, in particular, mycobacterium-specific TH1* cells (CD45RA-CCR6+), is dependent on both IL-12 and IL-23. Last, we show that IL12RB1, IL12RB2, and IL23R have similar frequencies of deleterious variants in the general population. The comparative rarity of symptomatic patients with IL-12Rß2 or IL-23R deficiency, relative to IL-12Rß1 deficiency, is, therefore, due to lower clinical penetrance. There are fewer symptomatic IL-23R- and IL-12Rß2-deficient than IL-12Rß1-deficient patients, not because these genetic disorders are rarer, but because the isolated absence of IL-12 or IL-23 is, in part, compensated by the other cytokine for the production of IFN-γ, thereby providing some protection against mycobacteria. These experiments of nature show that human IL-12 and IL-23 are both required for optimal IFN-γ-dependent immunity to mycobacteria, both individually and much more so cooperatively.


Assuntos
Imunidade Inata/imunologia , Interferon gama/imunologia , Interleucina-12/imunologia , Interleucina-23/imunologia , Infecções por Micobactéria não Tuberculosa/imunologia , Mycobacterium/imunologia , Humanos , Interleucina-12/deficiência , Interleucina-12/genética , Interleucina-23/deficiência , Interleucina-23/genética , Linhagem
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30391550

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Biallelic variations in the DOCK8 gene cause a combined immunodeficiency with eczema, recurrent bacterial and viral infections, and malignancy. Natural disease outcome is dismal, but allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) can cure the disease. OBJECTIVE: To determine outcome of HSCT for DOCK8 deficiency and define possible outcome variables. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of the results of HSCT in a large international cohort of DOCK8 deficient patients. RESULTS: We identified 81 patients from 22 centers transplanted at a median age of 9.7 years (range: 0.7-27.2) between 1995 and 2015. After median follow-up of 26 months (3-135), 68 of 81 patients are alive (84%). Severe acute (III-IV) or chronic graft versus host disease (GVHD) occurred in 11% and 10% respectively. Causes of death wereinfections (n=5), GVHD (5), multi-organ failure (2) and pre-existent lymphoma (1). Survival after matched related (n=40) or unrelated (35) HSCT was 89% and 81%, respectively. Reduced toxicity conditioning based on either treosulfan or reduced-dose busulfan resulted in superior survival compared to fully myeloablative busulfan-based regimens (97% vs. 78%; p=0.049). 96% of patients aged <8 years at HSCT survived, compared to 78% of those ≥8 years (p=0.06). Of 73 patients with chimerism data available, 65 (89%) had >90% donor T-cell chimerism at last follow-up. Not all disease manifestations responded equally well to HSCT: eczema, infections and Mollusca resolved better than food allergies or failure to thrive. CONCLUSION: HSCT is curative in most DOCK8 deficient patients, confirming this approach as the treatment of choice. HSCT using a reduced toxicity regimen may offer the best chance for survival.

6.
Nat Immunol ; 19(9): 973-985, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30127434

RESUMO

Human inborn errors of IFN-γ immunity underlie mycobacterial diseases. We describe patients with Mycobacterium bovis (BCG) disease who are homozygous for loss-of-function mutations of SPPL2A. This gene encodes a transmembrane protease that degrades the N-terminal fragment (NTF) of CD74 (HLA invariant chain) in antigen-presenting cells. The CD74 NTF therefore accumulates in the HLA class II+ myeloid and lymphoid cells of SPPL2a-deficient patients. This toxic fragment selectively depletes IL-12- and IL-23-producing CD1c+ conventional dendritic cells (cDC2s) and their circulating progenitors. Moreover, SPPL2a-deficient memory TH1* cells selectively fail to produce IFN-γ when stimulated with mycobacterial antigens in vitro. Finally, Sppl2a-/- mice lack cDC2s, have CD4+ T cells that produce small amounts of IFN-γ after BCG infection, and are highly susceptible to infection with BCG or Mycobacterium tuberculosis. These findings suggest that inherited SPPL2a deficiency in humans underlies mycobacterial disease by decreasing the numbers of cDC2s and impairing IFN-γ production by mycobacterium-specific memory TH1* cells.

7.
J Trop Pediatr ; 2018 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30011014

RESUMO

Pneumonia is a significant cause of death for children, particularly those in developing countries. The records of children who were hospitalized because of pneumonia between January 2003 and December 2015 were retrospectively reviewed, and patients who met the recurrent pneumonia criteria were included in this study. During this 13-year period, 1395 patients were hospitalized with pneumonia; of these, 129 (9.2%) met the criteria for recurrent pneumonia. Underlying diseases were detected in 95 (73.6%) patients, with aspiration syndrome (21.7%) being the most common. Rhinovirus (30.5%), adenovirus (17.2%) and respiratory syncytial virus (13.9%) were the most frequent infectious agents. These results demonstrate that underlying diseases can cause recurrent pneumonia in children. Viruses are also commonly seen in recurrent pneumonia. Appropriate treatments should be chosen based on an analysis of the underlying disease, the patient's clinical condition and the laboratory and radiological data.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29906526

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: V(D)J recombination ensures the diversity of the adaptive immune system. Although its complete defect causes severe combined immunodeficiency (ie, T-B- severe combined immunodeficiency), its suboptimal activity is associated with a broad spectrum of immune manifestations, such as late-onset combined immunodeficiency and autoimmunity. The earliest molecular diagnosis of these patients is required to adopt the best therapy strategy, particularly when it involves a myeloablative conditioning regimen for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. OBJECTIVE: We aimed at developing biomarkers based on analysis of the T-cell receptor (TCR) α repertoire to assist in the diagnosis of patients with primary immunodeficiencies with V(D)J recombination and DNA repair deficiencies. METHODS: We used flow cytometric (fluorescence-activated cell sorting) analysis to quantify TCR-Vα7.2-expressing T lymphocytes in peripheral blood and developed PROMIDISα, a multiplex RT-PCR/next-generation sequencing assay, to evaluate a subset of the TCRα repertoire in T lymphocytes. RESULTS: The combined fluorescence-activated cell sorting and PROMIDISα analyses revealed specific signatures in patients with V(D)J recombination-defective primary immunodeficiencies or ataxia telangiectasia/Nijmegen breakage syndromes. CONCLUSION: Analysis of the TCRα repertoire is particularly appropriate in a prospective way to identify patients with partial immune defects caused by suboptimal V(D)J recombination activity, a DNA repair defect, or both. It also constitutes a valuable tool for the retrospective in vivo functional validation of variants identified through exome or panel sequencing. Its broader implementation might be of interest to assist early diagnosis of patients presenting with hypomorphic DNA repair defects inclined to experience acute toxicity during prehematopoietic stem cell transplantation conditioning.

9.
Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes ; 126(10): 612-618, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29183106

RESUMO

Monogenic diabetes represents a heterogeneous group of disorders resulting from a single gene defect leading to disruption of insulin secretion or a reduction in the number of beta cells. Despite the classification of monogenic diabetes into neonatal diabetes or maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY) according to age of onset, not every case can be classified into those 2 groups. We evaluated patients with monogenic diabetes diagnosed during the last 10 year period. Type 1 DM, MODY, and patients with negative autoantibodies and no mutation in a known gene were excluded from the study. Thirteen patients were diagnosed with monogenic diabetes in Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey. Five of them were diagnosed after 6 months of age. Five had a KATP channel defect. Mutations in genes resulting in destruction of beta cells were detected in 7 patients, with 4 cases having a WFS, 2 an LRBA, and one a IL2RA mutation. Additional systemic findings were seen in 6/13 patients, with 5/6 having severe immune system dysfunction. Treatment with sulphonylurea was successful in two patients.. The other patients were given insulin in differing doses. Four patients died during follow-up, three of which had immune system dysfunction. Monogenic diabetes can be diagnosed after 6 months of age, even with positive autoantibodies. Immune dysfunction was a common feature in our cohort and should be investigated in all patients with early-onset monogenic diabetes. Mortality of patients with monogenic diabetes and additional autoimmunity was high in our cohort and is likely to reflect the multisystem nature of these diseases.

11.
J Clin Immunol ; 37(8): 790-800, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28956255

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: LPS-responsive beige-like anchor protein (LRBA) deficiency is a primary immunodeficiency categorized as common variable immunodeficiency associated with autoimmune manifestations and inflammatory bowel diseases; however, the clinical spectrum has been extended. Here, we present our cohort of Turkish LRBA-deficient patients from a single center, demonstrating a diversity of clinical manifestations. METHOD: Seven affected individuals from five families were assessed retrospectively in this study. RESULTS: Of the seven patients with LRBA deficiency, four had homozygous, and two had compound heterozygous mutations. One patient remained disease free until the last follow-up (age 17 years). The most common clinical manifestations of the six symptomatic patients were organomegaly (6/6), autoimmunity (6/6), and chronic diarrhea (5/6). Recurrent infectious episodes were observed in three patients. None of the patients had hypogammaglobulinemia at presentation. B cell subpopulation analysis revealed low numbers of switched-memory B cell numbers in two of the four tested patients. During the disease course, three of the patients died, two of them underwent successful hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) from matched sibling donors, and one is under abatacept therapy. CONCLUSION: LRBA defects should always be kept in mind as a differential diagnosis for patients with autoimmune disease affecting multiple organs, chronic diarrhea, and organomegalies. In our experience, early HSCT is a life-saving therapeutic strategy.


Assuntos
Abatacepte/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Doenças Autoimunes/genética , Imunodeficiência de Variável Comum/genética , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/genética , Mutação/genética , Adolescente , Doenças Autoimunes/diagnóstico , Doenças Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Criança , Imunodeficiência de Variável Comum/diagnóstico , Imunodeficiência de Variável Comum/tratamento farmacológico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Evolução Fatal , Feminino , Homozigoto , Humanos , Lactente , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/diagnóstico , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Sepse , Turquia
13.
J Exp Med ; 214(1): 91-106, 2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28011864

RESUMO

In this study, we describe four patients from two unrelated families of different ethnicities with a primary immunodeficiency, predominantly manifesting as susceptibility to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-related diseases. Three patients presented with EBV-associated Hodgkin's lymphoma and hypogammaglobulinemia; one also had severe varicella infection. The fourth had viral encephalitis during infancy. Homozygous frameshift or in-frame deletions in CD70 in these patients abolished either CD70 surface expression or binding to its cognate receptor CD27. Blood lymphocyte numbers were normal, but the proportions of memory B cells and EBV-specific effector memory CD8+ T cells were reduced. Furthermore, although T cell proliferation was normal, in vitro-generated EBV-specific cytotoxic T cell activity was reduced because of CD70 deficiency. This reflected impaired activation by, rather than effects during killing of, EBV-transformed B cells. Notably, expression of 2B4 and NKG2D, receptors implicated in controlling EBV infection, on memory CD8+ T cells from CD70-deficient individuals was reduced, consistent with their impaired killing of EBV-infected cells. Thus, autosomal recessive CD70 deficiency is a novel cause of combined immunodeficiency and EBV-associated diseases, reminiscent of inherited CD27 deficiency. Overall, human CD70-CD27 interactions therefore play a nonredundant role in T and B cell-mediated immunity, especially for protection against EBV and humoral immunity.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/imunologia , Ligante CD27/deficiência , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Doença de Hodgkin/etiologia , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/complicações , Adolescente , Adulto , Ligante CD27/genética , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Criança , Citotoxicidade Imunológica , Feminino , Herpesvirus Humano 4/imunologia , Humanos , Memória Imunológica , Masculino , Mutação , Membro 7 da Superfamília de Receptores de Fatores de Necrose Tumoral/fisiologia
14.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 113(51): E8277-E8285, 2016 12 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27930337

RESUMO

Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CMC) is defined as recurrent or persistent infection of the skin, nails, and/or mucosae with commensal Candida species. The first genetic etiology of isolated CMC-autosomal recessive (AR) IL-17 receptor A (IL-17RA) deficiency-was reported in 2011, in a single patient. We report here 21 patients with complete AR IL-17RA deficiency, including this first patient. Each patient is homozygous for 1 of 12 different IL-17RA alleles, 8 of which create a premature stop codon upstream from the transmembrane domain and have been predicted and/or shown to prevent expression of the receptor on the surface of circulating leukocytes and dermal fibroblasts. Three other mutant alleles create a premature stop codon downstream from the transmembrane domain, one of which encodes a surface-expressed receptor. Finally, the only known missense allele (p.D387N) also encodes a surface-expressed receptor. All of the alleles tested abolish cellular responses to IL-17A and -17F homodimers and heterodimers in fibroblasts and to IL-17E/IL-25 in leukocytes. The patients are currently aged from 2 to 35 y and originate from 12 unrelated kindreds. All had their first CMC episode by 6 mo of age. Fourteen patients presented various forms of staphylococcal skin disease. Eight were also prone to various bacterial infections of the respiratory tract. Human IL-17RA is, thus, essential for mucocutaneous immunity to Candida and Staphylococcus, but otherwise largely redundant. A diagnosis of AR IL-17RA deficiency should be considered in children or adults with CMC, cutaneous staphylococcal disease, or both, even if IL-17RA is detected on the cell surface.


Assuntos
Infecções Bacterianas/imunologia , Candidíase/imunologia , Micoses/imunologia , Receptores de Interleucina-17/deficiência , Receptores de Interleucina-17/genética , Alelos , Candida , Membrana Celular , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Saúde da Família , Feminino , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Genes Recessivos , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Células HEK293 , Homozigoto , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Interleucina-17/metabolismo , Masculino , Mutação , Fases de Leitura Aberta , Linhagem , Receptores de Interleucina-17/metabolismo , Pele/microbiologia , Linfócitos T/citologia
15.
J Clin Immunol ; 36(7): 667-76, 2016 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27492260

RESUMO

The prevalence of lymphoma in primary immunodeficiency cases and autoimmune diseases, as well as on a background of immunodeficiency following organ transplants, is increasing. The lymphoma treatment success rate is known to be a low prognosis. Our study aimed to emphasize the low survival rates in immunodeficient vs. immunocompetent lymphoma patients and also to investigate the effect of rituximab in patients with ataxia telangiectasia and other immunodeficiencies. We summarized the clinical characteristics and treatment results of 17 cases with primary immunodeficiency that developed non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) retrospectively. Seven patients were diagnosed with ataxia-telangiectasia, two with common variable immunodeficiency, two with selective IgA deficiency, one with X-related lymphoproliferative syndrome, one with Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome, one with Epstein-Barr virus-related lymphoproliferative syndrome, one with interleukin-2-inducible T-cell kinase (ITK) deficiency, and one with lymphoma developing after autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS). One patient underwent a renal transplant. Of the nine males and eight females (aged 3-12 years, median = 7) that developed lymphoma, seven were diagnosed with HL and ten with NHL (seven B-cell, three T-cell). The NHL patients were started on the Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster, POG9317, LMB-96, or R-CHOP treatment protocols with reduced chemotherapy dosages. HL cases were started on the doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD) and/or cyclophosphamide, vincristine, procarbazine, and prednisone (COPP) protocol, also with modified dosages. Importantly, all seven cases of HL are alive and in remission, while six of the ten NHL patients have died. Primary immunodeficiency is a strong predisposing factor for developing lymphoma. Low treatment success rates relative to other lymphomas and difficulties encountered during treatment indicate that new treatment agents are needed. While some success has been achieved by combining rituximab with lymphoma treatment protocols in B-NHL cases with primary immunodeficiency, the need for new treatment approaches for these patients remains critical.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/complicações , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/complicações , Linfoma/etiologia , Linfoma/terapia , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Progressão da Doença , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/diagnóstico , Linfoma/diagnóstico , Linfoma/mortalidade , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Recidiva , Resultado do Tratamento , Turquia , Vincristina/uso terapêutico
16.
J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol ; 8(3): 276-81, 2016 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27086659

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: It is suggested that vitamin D is one of the factors that can regulate the function of Treg cells. In this study, the relationships between Treg cells and vitamin D levels was investigated in pediatric chronic autoimmune thyroiditis (CAT) patients. METHODS: Thirty-two children with CAT and 24 healthy subjects were studied. FOXP3 expressing CD4+CD25+high Foxp3+T cells were identified as Treg cells. At diagnosis, 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25OHD3) levels were determined in all patients. FOXP3 expression was measured before and after vitamin D replacement therapy in patients having low levels of 25OHD3. RESULTS: In the CAT patients, Treg cell levels did not differ from the control group, while the frequency of vitamin D deficiency was higher and FOXP3 molecule expression was lower. FOXP3 molecule expression significantly increased in CAT patients having vitamin D deficiency who were given vitamin D replacement. CONCLUSION: FOXP3 expression is decreased in pediatric CAT patients. This reduction seems to be associated with vitamin D levels. Vitamin D can play a role in enhancing natural Treg cell functions.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/sangue , Linfócitos T Reguladores/metabolismo , Tireoidite Autoimune/sangue , Deficiência de Vitamina D/sangue , Vitamina D/sangue , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Tireotropina/sangue , Tiroxina/sangue , Tri-Iodotironina/sangue , Vitamina D/uso terapêutico , Deficiência de Vitamina D/tratamento farmacológico , Vitaminas/sangue , Vitaminas/uso terapêutico
18.
Blood Adv ; 1(1): 36-46, 2016 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29296694

RESUMO

Telomeres are repetitive hexameric sequences located at the end of linear chromosomes. They adopt a lariat-like structure, the T-loop, to prevent them from being recognized as DNA breaks by the DNA repair machinery. RTEL1 is a DNA helicase required for proper telomere replication and stability. In particular, it has been postulated that RTEL1 is involved in the opening of the T-loop during telomere replication to avoid sudden telomere deletion and telomere circle (T-circle) formation. In humans, biallelic RTEL1 mutations cause Hoyeraal-Hreidarsson syndrome (HH), a rare and severe telomere biology disorder characterized by intrauterine growth retardation, bone marrow failure, microcephaly and/or cerebellar hypoplasia, and immunodeficiency. To date, 18 different RTEL1 mutations have been described in 19 cases of HH with short telomeres. The impaired T-loop resolution has been proposed to be a major cause of telomere shortening in RTEL1 deficiency. However, the biological and clinical consequences of this disorder remain incompletely documented. Here, we describe 4 new patients harboring biallelic RTEL1 mutations, including 2 novel missense mutations located in the C-terminal end of RTEL1 (p.Cys1268Arg and p.Val1294Phe). Clinical characteristics from these 4 patients were collected as those from 4 other RTEL1-deficient patients previously reported. In addition, we assessed whether T-circles, the product of improper T-loop resolution, were detected in our RTEL1-deficient patients. Overall, our study broadens and refines the clinical and biological spectrum of human RTEL1 deficiency.

19.
Turk J Pediatr ; 58(3): 246-253, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28266188

RESUMO

Interleukin (IL)-13 has been reported to have a role in the pathogenesis of lymphoma through recent molecular studies predominantly in adult patients. As malignant lymphomas in children differ from adult counterparts in terms of histology and response to treatment, we aimed to determine the serum IL-13 levels of patients with lymphoma; its relation with clinical-laboratory parameters and to look for any correlation of serum IL-13 levels with different prognostic factors in children. Twenty-eight patients with malignant lymphoma and 20 age-matched healthy controls were included in the study. The median serum IL-13 level at diagnosis (range 0.59-68 pg/ml, median 3.40 pg/ml) was higher than that in remission (range 0.14-12.2 pg/ml, median 1.60 pg/ml) in the HL group (p < 0.05). Remarkably, median serum IL-13 level of patients with nodular sclerosis at diagnosis was higher than those with mixed-cellularity (p < 0.05) and declined to normal limits during remission (p < 0.05). In Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) subgroup, the median (range 2.94-154 pg/ml, median 4.5 pg/ml) was high and declined to normal levels during remission (range 0.55-11.30 pg/ml, median 1.57 pg/ml) and the difference was significant (p < 0.05). In terms of prognostic factors, serum IL-13 levels were found to be associated with white blood cells counts only in HL group. Although the number of patients is limited in our study, we found that the serum IL-13 levels exhibit variances in different histopathologic groups. IL-13 might have a role in histopathogenesis of lymphoma, but seems to have no prognostic significance. Nevertheless, more molecular studies are needed to evaluate the pathogenesis of HL.


Assuntos
Interleucina-13/sangue , Linfoma/sangue , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Prognóstico
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