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1.
Neurol India ; 69(4): 1037-1039, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34507439

RESUMO

Cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA) is a newer alternative to the traditional fusion, in patients with prolapsed cervical disc in the younger eligible patient aiming to provide mobility similar to the native disc and by some ways preventing the adjacent segment disease. The rising popularity of its early success has seen emergence of a number of products in the market. In a country where cost remains an important constraint for the patients, local design products are available to cater to these lesser privileged patients. The present complication is an acute dissociation of components from such a product wherein the implant was retrieved and fusion was done. The patient was subsequently discharged uneventfully.


Assuntos
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral , Fusão Vertebral , Artroplastia/efeitos adversos , Vértebras Cervicais/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Discotomia , Humanos , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Próteses e Implantes , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Int J Crit Illn Inj Sci ; 11(2): 79-85, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34395209

RESUMO

Background: Trauma is the leading cause of hospitalization globally, and trauma-induced spinal injuries can be devastating and permanent. The objective of this study was to describe the pattern, association, and outcome in patients with traumatic spine injury (TSI). Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was undertaken on patients with TSI who presented to the trauma and emergency department of a level 1 trauma center in eastern India between August 15, 2018, and August 14, 2019, by including 103 patients. Information pertaining to demography, mode of injury (MOI), fracture morphology, neurological grading, and associated spinal or other regional injuries was obtained. Correlation among injury severity score (ISS), neurological damage as per American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA), and morphological patterns was determined. Results: The median age was 39 years, and the gender ratio was 5.87:1. Fall from height (43.7%) was the most common MOI. The median ISS was 21, and the percentage of patients with polytrauma was 73% (ISS > 15). The cervical region (n = 30) was the most common site of injury, and multiple vertebral involvement (n = 32) was more common than isolated involvement. Type A pattern (53.4%) was the predominant type, followed by types C and B (29.1% and 15.5%, respectively) for primary spine injury, and type A was the predominant type for secondary spinal injury. Severe neurological damage (ASIA A-C) was noticed in 69 patients. The correlation between ISS and ASIA scores (Spearman's ρ = 0.561, P < 0.001) and between morphology type and ASIA score (Pearson's χ 2= 69.7, P < 0.001) was statistically significant. In total, 53 patients were managed surgically and 24 patients were managed by conservative measures. Conclusion: Our study found a predominantly younger population, multilevel involvement, significant neurological damage, multiple associated injuries, and higher ISS among the patients of TSI. The pattern in eastern India is different from previous reports from other parts of the country.

3.
J Emerg Trauma Shock ; 14(1): 23-27, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33911432

RESUMO

Background: The incidence of road traffic accidents (RTA) is increasing every day, especially in developing nations. Amongst various attributable factors, the menace of the stray animals remains one of the most underrecognized factors leading to animal-vehicle collision (AVC). Objectives: Our prospective cross-sectional study aims to survey the incidence of RTA attributable to stray animals and record the pattern of injuries along with other epidemiological parameters. Methods: The present study was conducted at a tertiary care trauma centre located in a major city of eastern India, between June 2019 and March 2020. Variables like demographic details, type of vehicle and injury with severity score, use of safety gear including types of stray animals were collected and analysed. Results: A total of 185 patients had suffered RTA due to AVC during the study period. The median age of occurrence was 29.0 years. The evening was the most frequent time of accidents (4 PM to 8 PM) with two-wheelers affected in 92% of cases. Stray dogs account for 69% of cases followed by cattle 21% cases. 41% of all RTA victims had polytrauma. Patients with RTA due to impact with ox were found to have higher injury severity score (ISS). The ISS comparison between two-wheeler drivers with and without helmet and influence of alcohol were statistically significant (P<0.01). Conclusion: The study highlights an alarming incidence of RTA due to stray animals roaming freely on roads, thus adding significant morbidity and costs to the society. There is a need of the hour for imposing stringent measures from the appropriate authority, including public awareness to make sustainable action plans to prevent animal homelessness and wander freely on streets and major roads.

4.
J Ayurveda Integr Med ; 12(2): 351-355, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33707125

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: "Cervical spondylosis" (CS) is a collective term used for non-specific neck pain post 30 age group. Management of CS is mainly non-surgical, particularly in mild to moderate severity that includes the oral anti-inflammatory drugs, exercises, manipulation, mobilization, or combination of these. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to assess the possible benefit of a selected group of asana in a group of patients over a short time frame and assess their functional outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An observational study of cohort of patients having mild to moderate CS, who visited the AYUSH department between May 2016 and November 2016 were included. "Selected group of Asana (SGOA)" was practiced for 30 min supervised and then home-based for a period of 8 weeks with usual standard treatment. Patients followed up fortnightly, and their degree of severity & disability assessed. RESULTS: Thirty patients with 19 males and 11 females having ages mean ± SD 45.61 ± 8.3 and 44.18 ± 9.78 having NDI score of mean ± SD 17.83 ± 4.749 at baseline (0 weeks) were included. Patients showed an improvement in NDI score to finally 7.40 ± 3.180, p-value = 0.0001. This improvement was also noted at various time intervals (p-value = 0.0001 each time), as seen in the post hoc analysis. CONCLUSION: Yogic practices "Specific Group of Asana" done for eight weeks on a home-based program could be useful in reducing pain and disability in people suffering from CS of mild to a moderate degree. However, more extensive, comparative, and multi-centric trials are required for establishing this as a treatment modality.

5.
J Family Med Prim Care ; 9(7): 3682-3687, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33102351

RESUMO

Context: Road traffic accidents (RTA) are a foremost rising cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries like India. The Government of India enacted a new motor vehicle amendment act (MVA) on September 1st 2019 that permits heavy penalties for traffic rule offenders. Aims: To find out the early impact of "THE MOTOR VEHICLES (AMENDMENT) ACT, 2019". Settings and Design: A retrospective observational study was performed during the time period July to October 2019 on RTA patients admitted to the Trauma and Emergency department. Methods and Materials: Patients studied in two groups - One Pre MVA group (n = 371) and one Post MVA group (n = 415). The data were extracted from medical case records of the department and filled up in a structured format. Detailed demographic profile, including the use of safety measure and clinical variables such as the pattern of injury and injury severity scores, were recorded. Statistical Analysis Used: Statistical analysis was done by R version 3.6.1. Results: There is a 41% drop in RTA victims post MVA implementation. Polytrauma reduced (25% vs 45.5%) significantly (P = 0.002) and so was Injury severity score (6.00 vs 13.00). More RTA victims were wearing helmets as compared to previous (42% vs 18%), and there was a steep decline in the alcohol driving (25% vs 10%) between the pre and post MVA group. A significant reduction noted in the under 18 yrs. Two-wheeler riders in the post MVA group compared to earlier (P = 0.016). Conclusions: The study reveals that there is a commendable reduction in the injury severity, violation of safety gears, alcohol use and rash driving following the implementation of MVA September 2019. Primary care and family physician can play a crucial role in creating public awareness about the personal safety measures, which will help in strengthening of this law to reduce the incidence of RTA and the associated mortality and morbidity.

8.
J Emerg Trauma Shock ; 13(4): 309-311, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33897150

RESUMO

Ipsilateral hip and knee dislocation (double blow) occurring simultaneously during trauma are rare occurrences that are associated with secondary complications. These are high energy injuries that warrant acute emergency management more so if associated with vascular compromise. We encountered a poly trauma patient having a combined right anterior hip and ipsilateral knee dislocation with vascular occlusion at popliteus level apart from associated segmental radius fracture of the left upper limb. This young patient presented after 22 h being referred form elsewhere making the situation critical to the surgical team. An attempted thrombolysis was done but as gangrenous changes started, we ended up in a below knee amputation. This case highlights a typical scenario in a developing country where facilities involving super specialty services are scarce and even patients are complacent about need for emergent referral. All this adds to surgical dilemma as guidelines are unclear for the best treatment.

9.
Asian J Neurosurg ; 15(4): 1037-1040, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33708686

RESUMO

Osteoid osteoma (OO) affecting the spine is one of the common causes of painful scoliosis in the growing age group. The involvement is usually in the posterior elements involving the lumbar and cervical spine. We report a case of OO affecting the body of the thoracic vertebral body. A 15-year-old male presented with painful left thoracolumbar scoliosis. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and MRI showed a lucent area with central dense focus (nidus) suggesting OO. Surgical excision was done under image intensifier and void filled with a mesh cage having bone graft reinforced posteriorly with pedicle screws. Postoperatively, the patient was relieved of his diffuse pain and CT scan revealed complete excision of the lesion. At the follow-up, the patient has an active, unconstrained life. OO in the spine presents as scoliosis which can be painful or painless. The diagnosis can be missed on a plain radiograph and complete radiographic evaluation includes a CT scan and MRI. Spinal management includes curettage or radiofrequency ablation. Recurrence is a known but rare complication.

10.
Cureus ; 11(10): e5819, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31754554

RESUMO

A 15-year-old girl presented with pain and swelling on the anterior aspect of the right knee for one year. The radiological evaluation with x-rays and magnetic resonance imaging suggested a benign aggressive lesion of the right patella with a cortical breach. Core needle biopsy of the lesion revealed it to be a giant cell tumor (GCT). She was treated with total patellectomy and end-to-end repair of quadriceps to the patellar tendon. The histopathological report of the whole specimen revealed it to be a GCT with secondary aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC). After 24 months, she was asymptomatic, and there was no evidence of local recurrence or distal metastasis. An extensive review of the literature revealed only four cases of combined GCT with secondary ABC in the patella. Though rare, GCT with secondary ABC of the patella should be kept as a differential diagnosis for anterior knee pain and swelling in young patients. The diagnosis is solely based on histopathological findings. It is imperative to obtain a precise tissue diagnosis in the preoperative period to plan appropriate treatment.

11.
Cureus ; 11(12): e6470, 2019 Dec 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32025397

RESUMO

Sacral osteochondromas are rare tumors, and a handful of cases have been reported in the literature. The clinical manifestations of sacral osteochondral may vary from a painless mass to a complete neurological deficit. We report a case of sacral osteochondroma arising from S2-3 lamina causing difficulty in lying down in the supine position and sitting. Computed tomographic (CT) scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) delineated the extent of the lesion and confirmed it to be a benign tumor. It was excised en bloc through a posterior midline approach. At two years follow-up, the patient was asymptomatic and the radiograph did not show any evidence of recurrence. To the best of our knowledge, this is the second case report on sacral osteochondroma, which caused postural difficulty in a young female.

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