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1.
Hum Mutat ; 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31549751

RESUMO

Polydactyly is one of the most frequent inherited defects of the limbs characterized by supernumerary digits and high genetic heterogeneity. Among the many genes involved, either in isolated or syndromic forms, 8 have been implicated in postaxial polydactyly (PAP). Among those IQCE has been recently identified in a single consanguineous family. Using whole-exome sequencing in patients with uncharacterized ciliopathies including PAP, we identified 3 families with biallelic pathogenic variations in IQCE. Interestingly, the c.895_904del (p.Val301Serfs*8) was found in all families without sharing a common haplotype, suggesting a recurrent mechanism. Moreover, in 2 families, the systemic phenotype could be explained by additional pathogenic variants in known genes (TULP1, ATP6V1B1). RNA expression analysis on patients' fibroblasts confirms that dysfunction of IQCE leads to dysregulation of genes associated with the hedgehog-signaling pathway and zebrafish experiments demonstrate a full spectrum of phenotypes linked to defective cilia: body curvature, kidney cysts, left right asymmetry, misdirected cilia in pronephric duct and retinal defects. In conclusion, we identified 3 additional families confirming IQCE as a non-syndromic PAP gene. Our data emphasize, the importance of taking into account the complete set of variations of each individual as each clinical presentation could finally be explained by multiple genes. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Genet Med ; 2019 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31363182

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Kabuki syndrome (KS) (OMIM 147920 and 300867) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by specific facial features, intellectual disability, and various malformations. Immunopathological manifestations seem prevalent and increase the morbimortality. To assess the frequency and severity of the manifestations, we measured the prevalence of immunopathological manifestations as well as genotype-phenotype correlations in KS individuals from a registry. METHODS: Data were for 177 KS individuals with KDM6A or KMT2D pathogenic variants. Questionnaires to clinicians were used to assess the presence of immunodeficiency and autoimmune diseases both on a clinical and biological basis. RESULTS: Overall, 44.1% (78/177) and 58.2% (46/79) of KS individuals exhibited infection susceptibility and hypogammaglobulinemia, respectively; 13.6% (24/177) had autoimmune disease (AID; 25.6% [11/43] in adults), 5.6% (10/177) with ≥2 AID manifestations. The most frequent AID manifestations were immune thrombocytopenic purpura (7.3% [13/177]) and autoimmune hemolytic anemia (4.0% [7/177]). Among nonhematological manifestations, vitiligo was frequent. Immune thrombocytopenic purpura was frequent with missense versus other types of variants (p = 0.027). CONCLUSION: The high prevalence of immunopathological manifestations in KS demonstrates the importance of systematic screening and efficient preventive management of these treatable and sometimes life-threatening conditions.

3.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 14(1): 200, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31416457

RESUMO

Professor Michael Larsen, who is a member of the ERN-EYE Ontology Study Group and co-chair of Workgroup on Retinal Rare Eye Diseases (WG1), was inadvertently omitted from the author list in the Acknowledgements section of the original article [1].

4.
Genes (Basel) ; 10(9)2019 08 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31443423

RESUMO

Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is an autosomal dominant disease with complete penetrance but high variable expressivity. NF1 is caused by loss-of-function mutations in the NF1 gene, a negative regulator of the RAS-MAPK pathway. The NF1 gene has one of the highest mutation rates in human disorders, which may explain the outbreak of independent de novo variants in the same family. Here, we report the co-occurrence of pathogenic variants in the NF1 and SPRED1 genes in six families with NF1 and Legius syndrome, using next-generation sequencing. In five of these families, we observed the co-occurrence of two independent NF1 variants. All NF1 variants were classified as pathogenic, according to the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics and the Association for Molecular Pathology (ACMG-AMP) guidelines. In the sixth family, one sibling inherited a complete deletion of the NF1 gene from her mother and carried a variant of unknown significance in the SPRED1 gene. This variant was also present in her brother, who was diagnosed with Legius syndrome, a differential diagnosis of NF1. This work illustrates the complexity of molecular diagnosis in a not-so-rare genetic disease.

5.
Am J Hum Genet ; 105(3): 509-525, 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422817

RESUMO

The human RNA helicase DDX6 is an essential component of membrane-less organelles called processing bodies (PBs). PBs are involved in mRNA metabolic processes including translational repression via coordinated storage of mRNAs. Previous studies in human cell lines have implicated altered DDX6 in molecular and cellular dysfunction, but clinical consequences and pathogenesis in humans have yet to be described. Here, we report the identification of five rare de novo missense variants in DDX6 in probands presenting with intellectual disability, developmental delay, and similar dysmorphic features including telecanthus, epicanthus, arched eyebrows, and low-set ears. All five missense variants (p.His372Arg, p.Arg373Gln, p.Cys390Arg, p.Thr391Ile, and p.Thr391Pro) are located in two conserved motifs of the RecA-2 domain of DDX6 involved in RNA binding, helicase activity, and protein-partner binding. We use functional studies to demonstrate that the first variants identified (p.Arg373Gln and p.Cys390Arg) cause significant defects in PB assembly in primary fibroblast and model human cell lines. These variants' interactions with several protein partners were also disrupted in immunoprecipitation assays. Further investigation via complementation assays included the additional variants p.Thr391Ile and p.Thr391Pro, both of which, similarly to p.Arg373Gln and p.Cys390Arg, demonstrated significant defects in P-body assembly. Complementing these molecular findings, modeling of the variants on solved protein structures showed distinct spatial clustering near known protein binding regions. Collectively, our clinical and molecular data describe a neurodevelopmental syndrome associated with pathogenic missense variants in DDX6. Additionally, we suggest DDX6 join the DExD/H-box genes DDX3X and DHX30 in an emerging class of neurodevelopmental disorders involving RNA helicases.

6.
Exp Eye Res ; 186: 107721, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302159

RESUMO

Cilia are highly conserved and ubiquitously expressed organelles. Ciliary defects of genetic origins lead to ciliopathies, in which retinal degeneration (RD) is one cardinal clinical feature. In order to efficiently find and design new therapeutic strategies the underlying mechanism of retinal degeneration of three murine model was compared. The rodent models correspond to three emblematic ciliopathies, namely: Bardet-Biedl Syndrome (BBS), Alström Syndrome (ALMS) and CEP290-mediated Leber Congenital Amaurosis (LCA). Scotopic rodent electroretinography (ERG) was used to test the retinal function of mice, Transmitted Electron microscopy (T.E.M) was performed to assess retinal structural defects and real-time PCR for targeted genes was used to monitor the expression levels of the major apoptotic Caspase-related pathways in retinal extracts to identify pathological pathways driving the RD in order to identify potential therapeutic targets. We found that BBS and CEP290-mediated LCA mouse models exhibit perinatal retinal degeneration associated with rhodopsin mislocalization in the photoreceptor and the induction of an Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) stress. On the other hand, the tested ALMS mouse model, displayed a slower degeneration phenotype, with no Rhodopsin mislocalization nor ER-stress activity. Our data points out that behind the general phenotype of vision loss associated with these ciliopathies, the mechanisms and kinetics of disease progression are different.

7.
Structure ; 27(9): 1384-1394.e4, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31303482

RESUMO

The unique membrane composition of cilia is maintained by a diffusion barrier at the transition zone that is breached when the BBSome escorts signaling receptors out of cilia. Understanding how the BBSome removes proteins from cilia has been hampered by a lack of structural information. Here, we present a nearly complete Cα model of BBSome purified from cow retina. The model is based on a single-particle cryo-electron microscopy density map at 4.9-Å resolution that was interpreted with the help of comprehensive Rosetta-based structural modeling constrained by crosslinking mass spectrometry data. We find that BBSome subunits have a very high degree of interconnectivity, explaining the obligate nature of the complex. Furthermore, like other coat adaptors, the BBSome exists in an autoinhibited state in solution and must thus undergo a conformational change upon recruitment to membranes by the small GTPase ARL6/BBS3. Our model provides the first detailed view of the machinery enabling ciliary exit.

8.
Hum Mutat ; 40(10): 1826-1840, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31116475

RESUMO

Mutations in genes encoding aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases have been reported in several neurological disorders. KARS is a dual localized lysyl-tRNA synthetase and its cytosolic isoform belongs to the multiple aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase complex (MSC). Biallelic mutations in the KARS gene were described in a wide phenotypic spectrum ranging from nonsyndromic deafness to complex impairments. Here, we report on a patient with severe neurological and neurosensory disease investigated by whole-exome sequencing and found to carry biallelic mutations c.683C>T (p.Pro228Leu) and c.871T>G (p.Phe291Val), the second one being novel, in the KARS gene. The patient presented with an atypical clinical presentation with an optic neuropathy not previously reported. At the cellular level, we show that cytoplasmic KARS was expressed at a lower level in patient cells and displayed decreased interaction with MSC. In vitro, these two KARS variants have a decreased aminoacylation activity compared with wild-type KARS, the p.Pro228Leu being the most affected. Our data suggest that dysfunction of cytoplasmic KARS resulted in a decreased level of translation of the nuclear-encoded lysine-rich proteins belonging to the respiratory chain complex, thus impairing mitochondria functions.

9.
Hum Mutat ; 40(6): 765-787, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30825406

RESUMO

Inherited retinal disorders (IRD) represent clinically and genetically heterogeneous diseases. To date, pathogenic variants have been identified in ~260 genes. Albeit that many genes are implicated in IRD, for 30-50% of the cases, the gene defect is unknown. These cases may be explained by novel gene defects, by overlooked structural variants, by variants in intronic, promoter or more distant regulatory regions, and represent synonymous variants of known genes contributing to the dysfunction of the respective proteins. Patients with one subgroup of IRD, namely incomplete congenital stationary night blindness (icCSNB), show a very specific phenotype. The major cause of this condition is the presence of a hemizygous pathogenic variant in CACNA1F. A comprehensive study applying direct Sanger sequencing of the gene-coding regions, exome and genome sequencing applied to a large cohort of patients with a clinical diagnosis of icCSNB revealed indeed that seven of the 189 CACNA1F-related cases have intronic and synonymous disease-causing variants leading to missplicing as validated by minigene approaches. These findings highlight that gene-locus sequencing may be a very efficient method in detecting disease-causing variants in clinically well-characterized patients with a diagnosis of IRD, like icCSNB.

10.
Methods Mol Biol ; 1922: 407-452, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30838594

RESUMO

Rare genetic disorders are often challenging to diagnose. Anomalies of tooth number, shape, size, mineralized tissue structure, eruption, and resorption may exist as isolated symptoms or diseases but are often part of the clinical synopsis of numerous syndromes (Bloch-Zupan A, Sedano H, Scully C. Dento/oro/craniofacial anomalies and genetics, 1st edn. Elsevier, Boston, MA, 2012). Concerning amelogenesis imperfecta (AI), for example, mutations in a number of genes have been reported to cause isolated AI, including AMELX, ENAM, KLK4, MMP20, FAM83H, WDR72, C4orf26, SLC24A4, and LAMB3. In addition, many other genes such as DLX3, CNNM4, ROGDI, FAM20A, STIM1, ORAI1, and LTBP3 have been shown to be involved in developmental syndromes with enamel defects. The clinical presentation of the enamel phenotype (hypoplastic, hypomineralized, hypomature, or a combination of severities) alone does not allow a reliable prediction of possible causative genetic mutations. Understanding the potential genetic cause(s) of rare diseases is critical for overall health management of affected patient. One effective strategy to reach a genetic diagnosis is to sequence a selected gene panel chosen for a determined range of phenotypes. Here we describe a laboratory protocol to set up a specific gene panel for orodental diseases.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Craniofaciais/genética , Variação Genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Doenças Raras/genética , Anormalidades Dentárias/genética , Amelogênese Imperfeita/diagnóstico , Amelogênese Imperfeita/genética , Anormalidades Craniofaciais/diagnóstico , DNA/genética , Desenho de Equipamento , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/instrumentação , Humanos , Doenças Raras/diagnóstico , Anormalidades Dentárias/diagnóstico
11.
Clin Genet ; 95(3): 384-397, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30614526

RESUMO

Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) is an emblematic ciliopathy associated with retinal dystrophy, obesity, postaxial polydactyly, learning disabilities, hypogonadism and renal dysfunction. Before birth, enlarged/cystic kidneys as well as polydactyly are the hallmark signs of BBS to consider in absence of familial history. However, these findings are not specific to BBS, raising the problem of differential diagnoses and prognosis. Molecular diagnosis during pregnancies remains a timely challenge for this heterogeneous disease (22 known genes). We report here the largest cohort of BBS fetuses to better characterize the antenatal presentation. Prenatal ultrasound (US) and/or autopsy data from 74 fetuses with putative BBS diagnosis were collected out of which molecular diagnosis was established in 51 cases, mainly in BBS genes (45 cases) following the classical gene distribution, but also in other ciliopathy genes (6 cases). Based on this, an updated diagnostic decision tree is proposed. No genotype/phenotype correlation could be established but postaxial polydactyly (82%) and renal cysts (78%) were the most prevalent symptoms. However, autopsy revealed polydactyly that was missed by prenatal US in 55% of the cases. Polydactyly must be carefully looked for in pregnancies with apparently isolated renal anomalies in fetuses.

12.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 14(1): 8, 2019 01 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30626441

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optical accessibility of the eye and technological advances in ophthalmic diagnostics have put ophthalmology at the forefront of data-driven medicine. The focus of this study is rare eye disorders, a group of conditions whose clinical heterogeneity and geographic dispersion make data-driven, evidence-based practice particularly challenging. Inter-institutional collaboration and information sharing is crucial but the lack of standardised terminology poses an important barrier. Ontologies are computational tools that include sets of vocabulary terms arranged in hierarchical structures. They can be used to provide robust terminology standards and to enhance data interoperability. Here, we discuss the development of the ophthalmology-related component of two well-established biomedical ontologies, the Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO; includes signs, symptoms and investigation findings) and the Orphanet Rare Disease Ontology (ORDO; includes rare disease nomenclature/nosology). METHODS: A variety of approaches were used including automated matching to existing resources and extensive manual curation. To achieve the latter, a study group including clinicians, patient representatives and ontology developers from 17 countries was formed. A broad range of terms was discussed and validated during a dedicated workshop attended by 60 members of the group. RESULTS: A comprehensive, structured and well-defined set of terms has been agreed on including 1106 terms relating to ocular phenotypes (HPO) and 1202 terms relating to rare eye disease nomenclature (ORDO). These terms and their relevant annotations can be accessed in http://www.human-phenotype-ontology.org/ and http://www.orpha.net/ ; comments, corrections, suggestions and requests for new terms can be made through these websites. This is an ongoing, community-driven endeavour and both HPO and ORDO are regularly updated. CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this is the first effort of such scale to provide terminology standards for the rare eye disease community. We hope that this work will not only improve coding and standardise information exchange in clinical care and research, but also it will catalyse the transition to an evidence-based precision ophthalmology paradigm.


Assuntos
Ontologias Biológicas , Oftalmopatias/classificação , Medicina de Precisão/métodos , Doenças Raras/classificação , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Humanos
13.
Br J Ophthalmol ; 2018 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30472657

RESUMO

AIM: Oculocutaneous albinism type 1 (OCA1) is due to TYR mutations. c.1205G>A/p.Arg402Gln (R402Q) is a thermosensitive variant of the TYR gene that has been reported to be responsible for mild forms of OCA1. The aim of our study was to define the phenotype associated with this variant. METHODS: In our retrospective series, among 268 patients diagnosed with OCA1, 122 (45.5%) harboured one pathogenic variant of TYR, and the R402Q variant ensured to be in trans by segregation analysis in 69 patients (25.7%), constituting the 'R402Q-OCA1' group. 146 patients harboured two pathogenic variants of the TYR gene other than R402Q. Clinical records were available for 119 of them, constituting the 'Classical-OCA1' group. RESULTS: Most R402Q-OCA1 patients presented with white or yellow-white hair at birth (71.43%), blond hair later (46.97%), a light phototype but with residual pigmentation (69.64%), and blue eyes (76.56%). Their pigmentation was significantly higher than in the classical-OCA1 group. All patients from the R402Q-OCA1 group presented with ocular features of albinism. However the prevalence of photophobia (78.13%) and iris transillumination (83.87%) and the severity scores of iris transillumination, retinal hypopigmentation and foveal hypoplasia were lower in the R402Q-OCA1 group. Visual acuity was higher in the R402Q-OCA1 group (0.38±0.21 logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution vs 0.76±0.24). Investigations concerning a possible additive effect of the c.575C>A/p.Ser192 (S192Y) variant of TYR in cis with R402Q, suggested by others, showed no significant impact on the phenotype. CONCLUSION: The R402Q variant leads to variable but generally mild forms of albinism whose less typical presentation may lead to underdiagnosis.

14.
Front Physiol ; 9: 1329, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30319441

RESUMO

In this study, we report a unique dominantly inherited disorganized supernumerary cusp and single root phenotype presented by 11 affected individuals belonging to 5 north-eastern Thai families. Using whole exome sequencing (WES) we identified a common single missense mutation that segregates with the phenotype in exon 6 of CACNA1S (Cav1.1) (NM_000069.2: c.[865A > G];[=] p.[Ile289Val];[=]), the Calcium Channel, Voltage-Dependent, L Type, Alpha-1s Subunit, OMIM ∗ 114208), affecting a highly conserved amino-acid isoleucine residue within the pore forming subdomain of CACNA1S protein. This is a strong genetic evidence that a voltage-dependent calcium ion channel is likely to play a role in influencing tooth morphogenesis and patterning.

15.
16.
Hum Mol Genet ; 2018 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29771326

RESUMO

CEP290 mutations cause a spectrum of ciliopathies from Leber congenital amaurosis type 10 (LCA10) to embryo-lethal Meckel syndrome (MKS). Using panel-based molecular diagnosis testing for inherited retinal diseases, we identified two individuals with some preserved vision despite biallelism for presumably truncating CEP290 mutations. The first one carried a homozygous 1 base-pair deletion in exon 17, introducing a premature termination codon (PTC) in exon 18 (c.1666del; p.Ile556Phefs*17). mRNA analysis revealed a basal exon skipping (BES) of exon 18, providing mutant cells with the ability to escape protein truncation, while disrupting the reading frame in controls. The second individual harbored compound heterozygous nonsense mutations in exon 8 (c.508A>T, p.Lys170*) and exon 32 (c.4090G>T, p.Glu1364*), respectively. Some CEP290 lacking exon 8 were detected in mutant fibroblasts but not in controls whereas some skipping of exon 32 occurred in both lines, but with higher amplitude in the mutant. Considering that the deletion of either exon maintains the reading frame in either line, skipping in mutant cells likely involves nonsense-associated altered splicing (NAS) alone (exon 8), or with BES (exon 32). Skipping of PTC-containing exons in mutant cells allowed production of CEP290 isoforms with preserved ability to assemble into a high molecular weight complex and to interact efficiently with proteins important for cilia formation and intraflagellar trafficking. In contrast, studying LCA10 and MKS fibroblasts we show moderate to severe cilia alterations, providing support for a correlation between disease severity and the ability of cells to express shortened, yet functional, CEP290 isoforms.

17.
Bioinformatics ; 34(20): 3572-3574, 2018 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29669011

RESUMO

Summary: Structural Variations (SV) are a major source of variability in the human genome that shaped its actual structure during evolution. Moreover, many human diseases are caused by SV, highlighting the need to accurately detect those genomic events but also to annotate them and assist their biological interpretation. Therefore, we developed AnnotSV that compiles functionally, regulatory and clinically relevant information and aims at providing annotations useful to (i) interpret SV potential pathogenicity and (ii) filter out SV potential false positive. In particular, AnnotSV reports heterozygous and homozygous counts of single nucleotide variations (SNVs) and small insertions/deletions called within each SV for the analyzed patients, this genomic information being extremely useful to support or question the existence of an SV. We also report the computed allelic frequency relative to overlapping variants from DGV (MacDonald et al., 2014), that is especially powerful to filter out common SV. To delineate the strength of AnnotSV, we annotated the 4751 SV from one sample of the 1000 Genomes Project, integrating the sample information of four million of SNV/indel, in less than 60 s. Availability and implementation: AnnotSV is implemented in Tcl and runs in command line on all platforms. The source code is available under the GNU GPL license. Source code, README and Supplementary data are available at http://lbgi.fr/AnnotSV/. Supplementary information: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

18.
Hum Mutat ; 39(7): 983-992, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29688594

RESUMO

Ciliopathies represent a wide spectrum of rare diseases with overlapping phenotypes and a high genetic heterogeneity. Among those, IFT140 is implicated in a variety of phenotypes ranging from isolated retinis pigmentosa to more syndromic cases. Using whole-genome sequencing in patients with uncharacterized ciliopathies, we identified a novel recurrent tandem duplication of exon 27-30 (6.7 kb) in IFT140, c.3454-488_4182+2588dup p.(Tyr1152_Thr1394dup), missed by whole-exome sequencing. Pathogenicity of the mutation was assessed on the patients' skin fibroblasts. Several hundreds of patients with a ciliopathy phenotype were screened and biallelic mutations were identified in 11 families representing 12 pathogenic variants of which seven are novel. Among those unrelated families especially with a Mainzer-Saldino syndrome, eight carried the same tandem duplication (two at the homozygous state and six at the heterozygous state). In conclusion, we demonstrated the implication of structural variations in IFT140-related diseases expanding its mutation spectrum. We also provide evidences for a unique genomic event mediated by an Alu-Alu recombination occurring on a shared haplotype. We confirm that whole-genome sequencing can be instrumental in the ability to detect structural variants for genomic disorders.

19.
Eur J Hum Genet ; 26(4): 527-536, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29422660

RESUMO

Cockayne syndrome is an autosomal recessive multisystem disorder characterized by intellectual disability, microcephaly, severe growth failure, sensory impairment, peripheral neuropathy, and cutaneous sensitivity. This rare disease is linked to disease-causing variations in the ERCC6 (CSB) and ERCC8 (CSA) genes. Various degrees of severity have been described according to age at onset and survival, without any clear genotype-phenotype correlation. All types of nucleotide changes have been observed in CS genes, including splice variations mainly affecting the splice site consensus sequences. We report here the case of two brothers from a consanguineous family presenting a severe but long-term survival phenotype of Cockayne syndrome. We identified in the patients a homozygous deep intronic nucleotide variation causing the insertion of a cryptic exon in the ERCC8 (CSA) transcript, by modifying intronic regulatory elements important for exon definition. The pathogenesis of the nucleotide variant NG_009289.1(NM_000082.3):c.173+1119G>C was validated in vitro with a reporter minigene system. To our knowledge, these are the first Cockayne patients described with this kind of disease-causing variation, though molecular mechanism underlying early onset symptoms and unexpected slow raise of progression of the disease remain to be elucidated.

20.
Ophthalmol Retina ; 2(4): 276-287, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31047236

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility, safety, and efficiency of an adapted surgical procedure used for postmarket Argus II implantations, so as to lower risks of postoperative hypotony or conjunctivoscleral erosion, and to describe the observed anatomic characteristics of the positioning of the implanted array. DESIGN: Single-arm prospective multicenter clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS: Eighteen consecutive patients with end-stage retinitis pigmentosa. METHODS: To protect the site of insertion of the cable of the device, a scleral flap was systematically added to the standardized implantation procedure. It was associated with temporalis fascia autograft, so as to cover the episcleral-fixed electronics case. Intraoperative and postoperative data at day 1, weeks 1 and 2, and months 1, 3, and 6 were collected. Postoperative distance between electrode-array and retina was measured on spectral-domain optical coherence tomography images. Position of the array was evaluated on fundus images between months 1 and 6. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Feasibility of the modified surgical technique (time constraints, intraoperative complications), variations of intraocular pressure over time, postoperative ocular findings and adverse events, postoperative distance between the array and the retina, and rotation of the array between months 1 and 6 after implantation. RESULTS: The adapted surgical technique was performed easily without associated specific complications. No cases of chronic hypotony or conjunctivoscleral erosion were reported. One serious device/procedure-related adverse event was recorded (sterile posterior uveitis), which resolved after vitrectomy. Postoperative distance between array and retina was variable: full apposition was achieved in 4 patients (22.22%), partial apposition observed in 9 patients (50.00%), and absence of strict apposition noted in 5 patients (27.78%, 4 of whom had posterior staphyloma). A statistically significant slight rotation of the array was observed between months 1 and 6 (P < 0.0001), occurring downwardly in 68.75% of cases. CONCLUSIONS: The combined use of scleral flap and temporalis fascia autograft was easily achieved and effective in preventing hypotony and conjunctival erosion in our study. Postoperative distance between semirigid array and retinal surface was variable, and increased in the case of preoperative staphyloma. A slight rotation of the device occurred over time. Further studies based on larger samples are needed to confirm our findings and determine their functional consequences.

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