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J Phys Chem Lett ; 11(6): 2133-2141, 2020 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32069410


An atomistic understanding of the photoinduced spin-state switching (PSS) within polynuclear systems of d4-d7 transition metal ion complexes is required for their rational integration into light-driven reactions of chemical and biological interest. However, in contrast to mononuclear systems, the multidimensional dynamics of the PSS in solvated molecular arrays have not yet been elucidated due to the expected complications associated with the connectivity between the metal centers and the strong interactions with the surroundings. In this work, the PSS in a solvated triiron(II) metallogrid complex is characterized using transient optical absorption and X-ray emission spectroscopies on the femtosecond time scale. The complementary measurements reveal the photoinduced creation of energy-rich (hot) and long-lived quintet states, whose dynamics differ critically from their mononuclear congeners. This finding opens major prospects for developing novel schemes in solution-phase spin chemistry that are driven by the dynamic PSS process in compact oligometallic arrays.

Dalton Trans ; 48(29): 10915-10926, 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31149683


Ligand field enhancing N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligands were recently shown to prevent photo-induced spin crossover in Fe(ii) complexes due to their intricate effects on the electronic excited state structure. Due to their pico- to nanosecond lifetimes, these complexes are now good candidates for photo-sensitizing applications. Herein we report the synthesis and photophysical characterization of a new family of homoleptic Fe(ii) complexes with C^N^C ligands involving diazines as the central N-heteroaromatic ligand. For these four carbene bond complexes, ultrafast transient absorption spectroscopy revealed a significant improvement of the excited-state lifetime. A record 32 ps lifetime was measured for a complex bearing a ligand combining a π-deficient pyrazine nucleus and a benzimidazolylidene as NHC. When compared to other azine-based ligands investigated, we argue that the lifetimes are modulated by a small excited state barrier expressing the ability of the ligand to reach the Fe-N distance needed for internal conversion to the ground state.

Inorg Chem ; 58(8): 5069-5081, 2019 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30950264


The control of photophysical properties of iron complexes and especially of their excited states decay is a great challenge in the search for sustainable alternatives to noble metals in photochemical applications. Herein we report the synthesis and investigations of the photophysics of mer and fac iron complexes bearing bidentate pyridyl-NHC ligands, coordinating the iron with three ligand-field-enhancing carbene bonds. Ultrafast transient absorption spectroscopy reveals two distinct excited state populations for both mer and fac forms, ascribed to the populations of the T1 and the T2 states, respectively, which decay to the ground state via parallel pathways. We find 3-4 ps and 15-20 ps excited-state lifetimes, with respective amplitudes depending on the isomer. The longer lifetime exceeds the one reported for iron complexes with tridentate ligands analogues involving four iron-carbene bonds. By combining experimental and computational results, a mechanism based on the differential trapping of the triplet states in spin-crossover regions is proposed for the first time to explain the impact of the fac/ mer isomerism on the overall excited-state lifetimes. Our results clearly highlight the impact of bidentate pyridyl-NHC ligands on the photophysics of iron complexes, especially the paramount role of fac/ mer isomerism in modulating the overall decay process, which can be potentially exploited in the design of new Fe(II)-based photoactive compounds.

Inorg Chem ; 57(16): 10431-10441, 2018 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30063338


The synthesis and the steady-state absorption spectrum of a new pyridine-imidazolylidene Fe(II) complex (Fe-NHC) are presented. A detailed mechanism of the triplet metal-to-ligand charge-transfer states decay is provided on the basis of minimum energy path (MEP) calculations used to connect the lowest-lying singlet, triplet, and quintet state minima. The competition between the different decay pathways involved in the photoresponse is assessed by analyzing the shapes of the obtained potential energy surfaces. A qualitative difference between facial ( fac) and meridional ( mer) isomers' potential energy surface (PES) topologies is evidenced for the first time in iron-based complexes. Indeed, the mer complex shows a steeper triplet path toward the corresponding 3MC minimum, which lies at a lower energy as compared to the fac isomer, thus pointing to a faster triplet decay of the former. Furthermore, while a major role of the metal-centered quintet state population from the triplet 3MC region is excluded, we identify the enlargement of iron-nitrogen bonds as the main normal modes driving the excited-state decay.