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1.
Acta colomb. psicol ; 23(2): 7-23, jul.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124038

RESUMO

Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate the internal structure dimensionality of the Utrech Work Engagement Scale -Student (UWES-9S) and its association with the academic procrastination reported by 321 psychology students from a private university in Cajamarca (Peru) ranging between 17 and 41 years old (79% women; M age = 22.50 years; 84% between 17 and 25 years old). The UWES-9S and the Academic Procrastination Scale (APS) were used and both a confirmatory and a bifactor analysis were conducted on the UWES-9S, as well as a structural regression analysis that specified the influence of the general and specific dimensions of engagement on the dimensions of academic procrastination. Regarding the results, the bifactor model is the one that best defines the construct, whereas the general dimension of engagement has a greater influence on the dimensions of academic procrastination than the specific ones. The theoretical and practical implications of the findings are discussed, as well as the need to focus on the students' positive resources in order to achieve greater involvement in their academic work.


Resumen El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar la dimensionalidad de la estructura interna de la versión para estudiantes de la Utrech Work Engagement Scale (UWES-9S), así como su asociación con la procrastinación académica en 321 estudiantes de psicología de una universidad privada de Cajamarca, Perú, con edades entre los 17 y los 41 años (79 % mujeres; M edad = 22.50 años; 84 % entre 17 y 25 años). Para esto, se administró la UWES-9S y la Escala de Procrastinación Académica (EPA), y se realizó un análisis factorial confirmatorio y bifactor para la UWES-9S, así como un análisis de regresión estructural para identificar la influencia de las dimensiones general y específicas del engagement sobre las dimensiones de la procrastinación académica. Como resultados, el modelo bifactor muestra una mejor definición del constructo, y la dimensión general del engagement presenta mayor influencia sobre las dimensiones de la procrastinación académica que las específicas. Al final se discuten las implicaciones teóricas y prácticas de los hallazgos, así como la necesidad de enfocarse en los recursos positivos de los estudiantes con el fin de que logren un mayor involucramiento en sus labores académicas.

2.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 30(5): 340-348, sept.-oct. 2020. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-196777

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: El Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) es un instrumento de uso habitual para la evaluación del síndrome de burnout. La versión del MBI-Human Service Survey (MBI-HSS) fue aplicado en enfermeros peruanos para explorar la prevalencia de este síndrome, sin considerar previamente posibles evidencias de validez para acreditar su uso. El propósito de la presente investigación es evaluar la estructura interna y la confiabilidad del MBI-HSS en enfermeros peruanos. MÉTODO: El estudio se elaboró mediante análisis secundario de datos a partir de la información recogida a 2.809 enfermeros del Perú obtenidos de la Encuesta Nacional de Satisfacción de Usuarios en Salud (ENSUSALUD) aplicado el año 2014. Se elaboró un análisis factorial exploratorio y confirmatorio; la confiabilidad fue estimada con el alfa de Cronbach y Omega. RESULTADOS: Los análisis indicaron la presencia de 3 factores, pero con una reducción de 7 ítems; la confiabilidad fue aceptable con el coeficiente Omega. CONCLUSIONES: Los resultados cuestionan la validez de la versión original del MBI-HSS para su aplicación en las enfermeras peruanas, por tanto, se requiere tomar con cautela su utilidad diagnóstica. Como alternativa, es recomendable priorizar la versión de 15 ítems y continuar con los estudios de validación


OBJECTIVE: The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) is an instrument commonly used for the evaluation of burnout syndrome. The version of the MBI-Human Service Survey (MBI-HSS) was applied to Peruvian nurses to explore the prevalence of this syndrome without previously considering possible evidence of validity to accredit its use. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the internal structure and reliability of the MBI-HSS in Peruvian nurses. METHODS: The study was prepared through secondary data analysis based on the information collected from 2809 nurses in Peru obtained from the National Survey of Satisfaction of Health Users (ENSUSALUD) applied in 2014. An exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis was prepared; reliability was estimated with Cronbach alpha and omega. RESULTS: The analyses indicated the presence of three factors, but with a reduction of 7 items; reliability was acceptable with the omega coefficient. CONCLUSION: The results question the validity of the original version of the MBI-HSS for its application in Peruvian nurses, therefore, its diagnostic utility should be viewed with caution. As an alternative, it is advisable to prioritise the 15-item version and to continue with validation studies


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Esgotamento Profissional/enfermagem , Peru/epidemiologia , Análise Fatorial
3.
Rev Colomb Psiquiatr ; 49(3): 154-161, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888658

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the psychometric properties, internal structure, and relationship with anthropometric indicators of the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) among Mexican university students according to the measurement invariance approach. METHODS: An instrumental study was carried out to assess the psychometric properties, validity, and reliability of the BSQ. The analysis of the measurement invariance was performed using the Least Squares Estimation, and weighted by adjusted variance and polychoric correlations after assessing different measurement models for BSQ in each group. The scores of the final version were correlated with anthropometric indicators by the Pearson correlation coefficient. RESULTS: As regards the dimensional analysis, all of the previous models for BSQ have favourable adjustment rates, although those with a single factor show more robust evidence. The configural invariance was accepted; suggesting that the one-dimensional structure is common for both men and women. However, 16-item factorial loadings were statistically different between the groups. Hence, they were discarded and an 18-item version (BSQ-18) was obtained, which is considered invariant as regards gender. In addition, there is a direct relationship between the scores of the BSQ-18 version and the body mass index, waist circumference, and fat percentage. Satisfactory indicators were found as regards stability. CONCLUSIONS: The BSQ-18 can be used with men and women, and has high reliability indicators to be conducted in clinical settings to assess eating disorders and obesity among university students.

5.
Arch. med ; 20(2): 410-417, 20200703.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1118890

RESUMO

Objetivo: el objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar si existen diferencias en cuanto a la adaptación universitaria en estudiantes peruanos del primer año de ciencias de la salud, respecto al sexo y grupo etario (jóvenes y adultos). Materiales y métodos:la muestra estuvo conformada por 759 estudiantes (74,8% mujeres), en su mayoría estudiantes jóvenes (92,2%), quienes fueron evaluados con el Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire. Resultados: las mujeres tienen una mejor adaptación académica e institucional, aunque exhiben menor adaptación personal-emocional. No se hallaron diferencias en la adaptación social entre hombres y mujeres. Respecto a la edad, los estudiantes jóvenes presentan menor adaptación personal-emocional e institucional que los estudiantes adultos, y no se encontraron diferencias con relación a la adaptación académica. Conclusiones: el sexo y el grupo etario de pertenencia son aspectos relevantes en el estudio de la adaptación universitaria..Au


Objective: the objective of the present study was to determine if there are differences in terms of university adaptation in Peruvian first-year students of health sciences, with respect to sex and age-group (youth and adults). Materials and methods: the sample consisted of 759 students (74.8% women), mostly young students (92.2%), and were assessed with the Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire. Results: women have a better academic and institutional adaptation, although they exhibit less ersonal-emotional adaptation. No differences were found in social adaptation between men and women. Regarding age, young students present less personal-emotional and institutional adaptation than adult students, and no differences were found in relation to academic adaptation. Conclusions: sex and age-group are relevant aspects in the study of university adaptation..Au


Assuntos
Humanos , Estudantes , Adaptação , Grupos Etários
8.
Aval. psicol ; 19(1): 56-66, jan.-abr. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-1089023

RESUMO

O objetivo deste trabalho consiste em adaptar e analisar a estrutura interna da versão portuguesa do Leymann Inventory of Psychological Terror (LIPT45). Foi utilizada uma amostra de 404 indivíduos (70,5% mulheres) entre os 18 e os 69 anos (M = 32,9; DP = 12.606). O LIPT45-PV é uma escala de autorrelato composta por 45 itens que avaliam o assédio moral nas organizações, divididos em cinco dimensões: efeitos na autoexpressão; efeitos sobre os contatos sociais; efeitos sobre a reputação pessoal; efeitos sobre a situação ocupacional e qualidade de vida, e efeitos sobre a saúde. Foi utilizada uma análise fatorial confirmatória e o Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling (ESEM), mediante os quais se avaliou um modelo de cinco dimensões, além da confiabilidade do construto e das pontuações. Em conformidade com os resultados da ESEM, o LIPT45-PV apresenta uma estrutura fatorial coerente, assim como uma maior diferenciação entre as suas dimensões. Da mesma forma, os indicadores de confiabilidade do construto e das pontuações foram adequados. Conclui-se que o LIPT45-PV revela características psicométricas (estrutura interna e confiabilidade) que o configura como um instrumento adequado para avaliar o respetivo constructo em adultos.(AU)


The aim of this work was to adapt and analyze the internal structure of the Portuguese version of the Leymann Inventory of Psychological Terror (LIPT45). A sample of 404 individuals (70.5% women) aged between 18 and 69 years (M = 32.9; SD = 12.606) was used. The LIPT45-PV is a self-report scale composed by 45 items that assess mobbing in organizations, divided into five dimensions: effects on self-expression; effects on social contacts; effects on personal reputation; effects on the occupational situation and quality of life, and effects on health. Confirmatory factor analysis and Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling (ESEM) were used, through which a five-dimensional model was evaluated, as well as the reliability of the construct and the scores. According to the results of the ESEM, the LIPT45-PV presents a coherent factor structure, as well as greater differentiation between its dimensions. Likewise, the reliability indicators of the construct and the results were adequate. We can conclude that the LIPT45-PV reveals psychometric characteristics (internal structure and reliability) that configure it as an adequate instrument to evaluate the respective construct in adults.(AU)


El objetivo de este trabajo consiste en adaptar y analizar la estructura interna de la versión portuguesa del Leymann Inventory of Psychological Terror (LIPT45). Fue utilizada una muestra de 404 individuos (70.5% mujeres) entre los 18 y 69 años (M= 32.9; DS = 12.606). El LIPT45-PV es una escala de autoinforme compuesta por 45 ítems que evalúan el acoso laboral en las organizaciones, divididos en cinco dimensiones: efectos en la autoexpresión; efectos sobre los contactos sociales; efectos sobre la reputación personal; efectos sobre la situación ocupacional y calidad de vida, y efectos sobre la salud. Fue utilizado un análisis factorial confirmatorio y el Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling (ESEM), a través de los cuales se evaluó un modelo de cinco dimensiones, además de la confiabilidad del constructo y de las puntuaciones. De acuerdo con los resultados del ESEM, el LIPT45-PV presenta una estructura factorial coherente, así como una mayor diferenciación entre sus dimensiones. Asimismo, los indicadores de confiabilidad del constructo y de las puntuaciones fueron adecuados. Se concluye que el LIPT45-PV presenta características psicométricas (estructura interna y confiabilidad) que lo configuran como un instrumento adecuado para evaluar el constructo mencionado en adultos.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Ambiente de Trabalho , Absenteísmo , Assédio não Sexual/psicologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Análise Fatorial
9.
Enferm Clin ; 30(5): 340-348, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32107121

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) is an instrument commonly used for the evaluation of burnout syndrome. The version of the MBI-Human Service Survey (MBI-HSS) was applied to Peruvian nurses to explore the prevalence of this syndrome without previously considering possible evidence of validity to accredit its use. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the internal structure and reliability of the MBI-HSS in Peruvian nurses. METHODS: The study was prepared through secondary data analysis based on the information collected from 2809 nurses in Peru obtained from the National Survey of Satisfaction of Health Users (ENSUSALUD) applied in 2014. An exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis was prepared; reliability was estimated with Cronbach alpha and omega. RESULTS: The analyses indicated the presence of three factors, but with a reduction of 7 items; reliability was acceptable with the omega coefficient. CONCLUSION: The results question the validity of the original version of the MBI-HSS for its application in Peruvian nurses, therefore, its diagnostic utility should be viewed with caution. As an alternative, it is advisable to prioritise the 15-item version and to continue with validation studies.

12.
Liberabit ; 25(2): 267-285, jul.-dic. 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143228

RESUMO

Objetivos: realizar el análisis de la estructura interna de la versión en español de la Escala de Bienestar Psicológico de Ryff (PWBS-E) en estudiantes universitarios (n = 1700; 54.75% mujeres; Medad = 19.23) de una institución pública en Veracruz, México. Método: La estructura interna de la PWBS-E fue evaluada mediante el análisis factorial confirmatorio (CFA), el modelamiento de ecuaciones estructurales exploratorio (ESEM) y el análisis factorial exploratorio (EFA). La confiabilidad del constructo fue estimada con el coeficiente α y de las puntuaciones con el coeficiente α. Resultados: indicaron que una estructura unidimensional y breve (19 ítems) posee mayor respaldo empírico. Además, se evidenció la existencia de un factor de método asociado a ítems invertidos en los modelos multidimensionales. En cuanto a la confiabilidad, se hallaron indicadores aceptables en ambos niveles (constructo y puntuaciones). Conclusiones: se discuten los hallazgos y las implicancias prácticas de la versión breve de la PWBS-E en universitarios


Objectives: This paper aimed to analyze the internal structure of the Spanish version of the Ryff ’s psychological well-being scale (PWBS-E) among college students (n = 1700, 54.75% females, Mage = 19.23) who attend a public institution located in Veracruz, Mexico. Method: The internal structure of the PWBS-E was assessed using the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM) and exploratory factor analysis (EFA), while the reliability of the construct was estimated with the ù coefficient and the reliability of the scores, with the α coefficient. Results: Suggested that a short and unidimensional structure (19 items) provides greater empirical support. In addition, a method factor associated with inverted items in multidimensional models was evidenced. Regarding the reliability, acceptable indicators were found in both levels (construct and scores). Conclusions: This paper addresses both the findings and practical implications of the short version of the PWBS-E among college students.

13.
Acta colomb. psicol ; 22(2): 125-147, July-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019279

RESUMO

Abstract The objective of the present study was to analyze whether there are differences between men and women in terms of the influence of personality dimensions on academic procrastination. Participants were 986 students aged between 16 and 40 years (69.8 % women, Mage = 20.81 years), students of different professional careers from two universities located in Lima. The Academic Procrastination Scale (APS) and the Big Five Inventory-15P (BFI-15P) were the instruments administered. An invariance analysis of a structural regression model that indicates the influence of personality on academic procrastination was implemented. The results show that personality explains a significant percentage of the variability of the dimensions of academic procrastination. However, the influence of two dimensions, consciousness and neuroticism, is greater in women. The theoretical and practical implications of the findings are discussed, as well as the need to strengthen curricular plans aimed at enhancing resources and reducing those aspects that could negatively affect the academic behavior of the student.


Resumo O objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar a existência de diferenças entre homens e mulheres com respeito à influência das dimensões de personalidade sobre a procrastinação acadêmica em 986 alunos de 16 a 40 anos (69,8 % mulheres; Midade = 20,81 anos) de diferentes carreiras profissionais de duas universidades localizadas em Lima. Para isso, administrou-se a Escala de Procrastinação Acadêmica (EPA) e o Big Five Inventory-15P (BFI-15P) e implementou-se uma análise de invariância de um modelo de regressão estrutural. Os resultados mostraram que a personalidade explica uma porcentagem significativa da variabilidade das dimensões da procrastinação acadêmica e que a influência das dimensões responsabilidade e neuroticismo foi maior nas mulheres. São discutidas as implicâncias teóricas e práticas das descobertas, bem como a necessidade de fortalecer planos curriculares orientados para potencializar recursos e reduzir os aspectos que poderiam afetar negativamente a conduta acadêmica do estudante.


Resumen El objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar la existencia de diferencias entre hombres y mujeres en cuanto a la influencia de las dimensiones de personalidad sobre la procrastinación académica en 986 alumnos de entre 16 y 40 años (69.8 % mujeres; Medad = 20.81 años) de distintas carreras profesionales de dos universidades ubicadas en Lima. Para esto, se administró la Escala de Procrastinación Académica (EPA) y el Big Five Inventory-15P (BFI-15P), y se implementó un análisis de invarianza de un modelo regresión estructural. Los resultados mostraron que la personalidad explica un porcentaje significativo de la variabilidad de las dimensiones de la procrastinación académica, y que la influencia de las dimensiones responsabilidad y neuroticismo fue mayor en las mujeres. Se discuten las implicancias teóricas y prácticas de los hallazgos, así como la necesidad de fortalecer planes curriculares orientados a potenciar recursos y reducir los aspectos que podrían afectar negativamente la conducta académica del estudiante.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Personalidade , Procrastinação
14.
Interacciones ; 5(3): 7, 01 de septiembre de 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1049656

RESUMO

Introducción: La inclusión de correlaciones entre residuales en modelos de medición es una práctica común en la investigación psicométrica y está orientada, predominantemente, a la mejora estadística del modelo por medio del aumento (e.g., CFI) o disminución (e.g., RMSEA) de la magnitud de determinados índices de ajuste, más a que a comprender la naturaleza de dichas asociaciones. El presente reporte metodológico tiene como objetivo presentar al lector el modelamiento, manejo e interpretación de los residuales correlacionados en un marco de análisis factorial confirmatorio y malas especificaciones. Método: Se utilizando los datos de un estudio presentado anteriormente de 521 estudiantes de psicología en una universidad privada de Lima Metropolitana (75.8% mujeres). Se utiliza la Escala de Florecimiento para realizar los análisis. Resultados y Discusión: Esas especificaciones no tendrían un impacto real en la relación de los ítems con el constructo que evalúan, por lo que no aportarían sustancialmente a la comprensión del modelo. Por tanto, especificar correlaciones entre residuales podría enmascarar un modelo mal especificado, o con falencias internas, mediante el incremento espurio de los índices de ajuste.


Introduction: The inclusion of correlations between residuals in measurement models is a common practice in psychometric research and is predominantly oriented to the statistical improvement of the model through increase (for example, IFC) or decrease (for example, RMSEA) of the magnitude of certain adjustment indices, rather than understanding the nature of these associations. This methodological report aims to present to the reader the modeling, management, and interpretation of correlated residuals in a framework of confirmatory factor analysis and poor specifications. Method: Using data from a previously presented study of 521 psychology students at a private university in Metropolitan Lima (75.8% women). The Flowering Scale is used to perform the analyses. Results and Discussion: These specifications would not have a real impact on the relationship of the elements with the construct they evaluate, so they do not contribute modifications to the understanding of the model. Therefore, specifying correlations between residuals could mask a poorly specified model, or with internal failures, by increasing spurious adjustment rates.

15.
Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr ; 57(2): 83-90, jun. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042677

RESUMO

Resumen Introducción: La Launay-Slade Hallucinations Scale (LSHS) es una de las pruebas más utilizadas en el estudio de las alucinaciones. Su estructura factorial ha sido descrita en diversas culturas, tanto en población general como población clínica. No obstante, pocos estudios han aportado evidencia de la equivalencia factorial con relación al sexo de los evaluados. El objetivo de esta investigación fue realizar un análisis de invarianza de medición y estructural de la LSHS-R en una muestra incidental de hombres y mujeres de población general colombiana. Método: Estudio instrumental en el cual participaron 350 habitantes de la ciudad de Medellín (Colombia), en su mayoría mujeres (64,3%), de edad promedio 28,62 años. Se realizaron análisis descriptivos de los ítems antes de realizar el análisis de invarianza de medición e invarianza estructural entre las muestras de hombres y mujeres. Resultados: El modelo de dos dimensiones reportado previamente en población colombiana presentaba los mejores índices de ajuste empírico para hombres y mujeres. Posteriormente, fue obtenida evidencia de invarianza configuracional, métrica y fuerte (invarianza de medición), además de igualdad de covarianzas y medias latentes (invarianza estructural) entre hombres y mujeres. Por otro lado, la LSHS-R presenta índices de confiabilidad aceptables. Conclusiones: La estructura de dos dimensiones de la LSHS-R así como la relación entre factores son estadísticamente equivalentes entre hombres y mujeres.


Introduction: The Launay-Slade Hallucinations Scale (LSHS) is one of the most used tests in the hallucinations study. Its factorial structure has been described in different cultures, in the general and the clinical population. However, few studies have provided evidence of factorial equivalence regarding the sex. The aim of this investigation was to perform a measurement and structural invariance analysis of LSHS-R in an incidental sample of men and women of Colombian general population. Method: This instrumental study involving 350 inhabitants of the city of Medellín (Colombia), mostly women (64.3%), with an average age of 28.62 years. Descriptive analyzes of the items were performed before performing the analysis of invariance of measurement and structural invariance between the samples of men and women. Results: The previously reported two-dimensional model in the Colombian population, presented the best empirical adjustment indexes for men and women. Later, was obtained evidence of configurational, metric and strong invariance (measurement invariance), as well as equality of covariances and latent means (structural invariance), between men and women. On the other hand, the LSHS-R has acceptable reliability indexes. Conclusions: The two-dimensional structure of LSHS-R as well as the relationship between factors are statistically equivalent between men and women.

16.
Aval. psicol ; 18(2): 210-217, jan,-mar. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019495

RESUMO

El objetivo fue verificar si el ítem único de autoeficacia académica (IUAA) presenta validez convergente por su relación con los cinco grandes factores de personalidad (5GF) en 450 estudiantes universitarios (61.1% mujeres; Medad = 20.9; DEedad = 2.6) de una universidad privada de Chiclayo (Perú). Además del IUAA, fue empleado el Big Five Inventory-15p para evaluar los 5GF mediante 15 ítems (tres ítems por factor). Las hipótesis de investigación fueron contrastadas utilizado el ANOVA de una vía, agrupando a los estudiantes según su respuesta en el IUAA. Los resultados indican que el rasgo con mayores diferencias entre los grupos fue responsabilidad, seguido por apertura y extraversión. Además, los grupos no difieren sustancialmente en los rasgos afabilidad y neuroticismo. Pese a las limitaciones, el IUAA es una medida apropiada para valorar la autoeficacia académica en estudiantes universitarios. (AU)


The aim of the study was to evaluate if the academic self-efficacy single-item (IUAA) has convergent validity by its relationship with the Big Five personality traits (5BF) in 450 university students (61.1% female; Mage = 20.9; SDage = 2.6) from a private college in Chiclayo (Peru). Besides the IUAA, we used the Big Five Inventory-15p (BFI-Sp) to assess the 5BF with 15 items (three items per factor). The research hypothesis was tested using a one-way ANOVA, with students' grouping according to their IUAA response. The results show conscientiousness as the trait with higher differences between groups, followed by openness and extraversion. Additionally, the groups do not differ substantially in agreeableness or neuroticism. Despite the limitations, the IUAA is an appropriate measure to assess academic self-efficacy in college students. (AU)


O objetivo foi verificar se o item único de autoeficácia acadêmica (IUAA) possui validade convergente devido à relação com os cinco grandes fatores de personalidade (5GF) em 450 universitários (61,1% mulheres, Midade = 20,9, DPidade = 2,6) de uma universidade privada de Chiclayo (Perú). Além do IUAA, o Inventário Big Five -15p foi utilizando para avaliar o 5GF com 15 itens (três itens por fator). As hipóteses de pesquisa foram contrastadas usando o one-way ANOVA, agrupando os alunos de acordo com a resposta deles no IUAA. Os resultados indicam que o traço com maiores diferenças entre os grupos foram responsabilidade, seguida de abertura e extroversão. Além disso, os grupos não diferem substancialmente em características de agradabilidade e neuroticismo. Apesar das limitações, o IUAA é uma medida apropriada para avaliar a autoeficácia acadêmica em estudantes universitários. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Personalidade , Estudantes/psicologia , Autoeficácia , Educação Superior , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
20.
Educ. med. (Ed. impr.) ; 19(supl.3): 246-255, nov. 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-191184

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: El objetivo del presente trabajo fue obtener datos normativos de la Escala de Cansancio Emocional en estudiantes de psicología de 3 universidades privadas de Lima. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Esta investigación se llevó a cabo con una muestra de 1.102 estudiantes de psicología (77% mujeres) de entre 16 y 56 años (M = 21,09; DE = 4,570). Fueron utilizadas la Escala de Cansancio Emocional, la Escala de Autoeficacia Percibida Específica de Situaciones Académicas, el Patient Health Questionnarie-2 y la Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale-2. Fue implementado un análisis factorial de grupo múltiple para el análisis de invarianza, el cálculo de percentiles para la elaboración de los baremos y los análisis comparativos fueron ejecutados con la t de Student y ANOVA, acompañados con medidas de magnitud del efecto. RESULTADOS: La invarianza de medición recibió evidencia favorable y los indicadores de confiabilidad (alfa, omega y eta) fueron adecuados. Las puntuaciones de la Escala de Cansancio Emocional no se aproximan a la normalidad, y por ello los baremos se elaboraron con base en percentiles. Los puntos de corte poseen una confiabilidad elevada, y las categorías obtenidas tienen una buena capacidad discriminativa en contraste con criterios externos (autoeficacia académica, ansiedad y depresión). Finalmente, la diferencia hallada entre varones y mujeres carece de significación práctica. CONCLUSIONES: Con base en la evidencia presentada, los baremos elaborados son útiles para estudios relacionados con la prevalencia del agotamiento emocional, y pueden ser utilizados tanto en varones como en mujeres


OBJECTIVE: The main objective of the present study was to obtain normative data from the Emotional Exhaustion Scale in psychology students from three private universities in Lima. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This research study was carried out with a sample of 1,102 psychology students (77% females) age ranged between 16 and 56 years (M = 21.09; SD = 4.570). The instruments used to measure the constructs were: the Emotional Exhaustion Scale, the Scale of Specific Perceived Self-Efficacy of Academic Situations, the Patient Health Questionnaire-2, and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale-2. In order to test measurement invariance a multi-group confirmatory factor analyses was conducted, likewise, the computation of percentiles, effect size and comparative analyses by means of T-Test and ANOVA were performed. RESULTS: There was evidence of measurement invariance and the reliability coefficients (alpha, Omega and Eta) were adequate. The Emotional Exhaustion Scale scores are non-normal distributed, and so the scale was elaborated on the basis of percentiles. Cut-off points have high reliability, and the categories obtained have good discriminative capacity in association with external criteria (academic self-efficacy, anxiety and depression). Finally, we did not find any practical significance among men and women. CONCLUSION: Based on the evidence presented, the elaborated scales are useful for studies related to the prevalence of emotional exhaustion, and can be used in both men and women


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Esgotamento Psicológico/diagnóstico , Esgotamento Psicológico/psicologia , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica Breve/normas , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Ocupações em Saúde/educação , Peru , Autoeficácia , Análise de Variância , Inquéritos e Questionários
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