Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 45
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
2.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 72(1): 125-136, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342624

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: T cells play a key role in the pathogenesis of early systemic sclerosis. This study was undertaken to assess the safety and efficacy of abatacept in patients with diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc). METHODS: In this 12-month, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, participants were randomized 1:1 to receive either subcutaneous abatacept 125 mg or matching placebo, stratified by duration of dcSSc. Escape therapy was allowed at 6 months for worsening disease. The coprimary end points were change in the modified Rodnan skin thickness score (MRSS) compared to baseline and safety over 12 months. Differences in longitudinal outcomes were assessed according to treatment using linear mixed models, with outcomes censored after initiation of escape therapy. Skin tissue obtained from participants at baseline was classified into intrinsic gene expression subsets. RESULTS: Among 88 participants, the adjusted mean change in the MRSS at 12 months was -6.24 units for those receiving abatacept and -4.49 units for those receiving placebo, with an adjusted mean treatment difference of -1.75 units (P = 0.28). Outcomes for 2 secondary measures (Health Assessment Questionnaire disability index and a composite measure) were clinically and statistically significantly better with abatacept. The proportion of subjects in whom escape therapy was needed was higher in the placebo group relative to the abatacept group (36% versus 16%). In the inflammatory and normal-like skin gene expression subsets, decline in the MRSS over 12 months was clinically and significantly greater in the abatacept group versus the placebo group (P < 0.001 and P = 0.03, respectively). In the abatacept group, adverse events occurred in 35 participants versus 40 participants in the placebo group, including 2 deaths and 1 death, respectively. CONCLUSION: In this phase II trial, abatacept was well-tolerated, but change in the MRSS was not statistically significant. Secondary outcome measures, including gene expression subsets, showed evidence in support of abatacept. These data should be confirmed in a phase III trial.

3.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(1): 552-562, 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31871193

RESUMO

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a clinically heterogeneous autoimmune disease characterized by mutually exclusive autoantibodies directed against distinct nuclear antigens. We examined HLA associations in SSc and its autoantibody subsets in a large, newly recruited African American (AA) cohort and among European Americans (EA). In the AA population, the African ancestry-predominant HLA-DRB1*08:04 and HLA-DRB1*11:02 alleles were associated with overall SSc risk, and the HLA-DRB1*08:04 allele was strongly associated with the severe antifibrillarin (AFA) antibody subset of SSc (odds ratio = 7.4). These African ancestry-predominant alleles may help explain the increased frequency and severity of SSc among the AA population. In the EA population, the HLA-DPB1*13:01 and HLA-DRB1*07:01 alleles were more strongly associated with antitopoisomerase (ATA) and anticentromere antibody-positive subsets of SSc, respectively, than with overall SSc risk, emphasizing the importance of HLA in defining autoantibody subtypes. The association of the HLA-DPB1*13:01 allele with the ATA+ subset of SSc in both AA and EA patients demonstrated a transancestry effect. A direct correlation between SSc prevalence and HLA-DPB1*13:01 allele frequency in multiple populations was observed (r = 0.98, P = 3 × 10-6). Conditional analysis in the autoantibody subsets of SSc revealed several associated amino acid residues, mostly in the peptide-binding groove of the class II HLA molecules. Using HLA α/ß allelic heterodimers, we bioinformatically predicted immunodominant peptides of topoisomerase 1, fibrillarin, and centromere protein A and discovered that they are homologous to viral protein sequences from the Mimiviridae and Phycodnaviridae families. Taken together, these data suggest a possible link between HLA alleles, autoantibodies, and environmental triggers in the pathogenesis of SSc.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31841265

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Digital ulcers (DUs) are a major cause of disease-related morbidity and difficult to treat vascular complication of systemic sclerosis (SSc). Demonstrating treatment efficacy has traditionally focussed upon clinician assessment of DUs alone. No existing patient reported outcome (PRO) instrument captures the multi-faceted impact of SSc-DU. We report the findings of a multi-centre qualitative research study exploring the patient experience of SSc-DU. METHODS: Patient focus groups (FGs) were conducted across 3 scleroderma units, following a topic guide devised by SSc patients, experts and experienced qualitative researchers. A purposive sampling framework ensured the experiences of a diverse group of patients were captured. FGs were audio recorded, transcribed, anonymised, and analysed using inductive thematic analysis. We continued FGs until thematic saturation was achieved. RESULTS: Twenty-nine SSc patients with a history of DU disease participated in 4 FGs across the UK (Bath, Manchester and London). Five major inter-related themes (and sub-themes) were identified which encompass the patient experience of SSc-DUs: 'Disabling pain and hypersensitivity', 'Deep and broad-ranging emotional impact', 'Impairment of physical and social activity', 'Factors aggravating occurrence, duration and impact' and 'Mitigating, managing and adapting'. CONCLUSION: The patient experience of SSc-DU is multi-faceted and comprises a complex interplay of experiences associated with significant pain and morbidity. Patient experiences of SSc-DU are not captured using existing SSc-DU outcomes. Our findings shall inform the development of a novel PRO instrument to assess the severity and impact of SSc-DUs for use in future SSc-DU clinical trials.

5.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767698

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Determine global skin transcriptome patterns of early diffuse systemic sclerosis (SSc) and how they differ from later disease. METHODS: Skin biopsy RNA from 48 patients in the Prospective Registry for Early Systemic Sclerosis (PRESS) cohort (mean disease duration 1.3 years) and 33 matched healthy controls was examined by next-generation RNA sequencing. Data were analysed for cell type-specific signatures and compared with similarly obtained data from 55 previously biopsied patients in Genetics versus Environment in Scleroderma Outcomes Study cohort with longer disease duration (mean 7.4 years) and their matched controls. Correlations with histological features and clinical course were also evaluated. RESULTS: SSc patients in PRESS had a high prevalence of M2 (96%) and M1 (94%) macrophage and CD8 T cell (65%), CD4 T cell (60%) and B cell (69%) signatures. Immunohistochemical staining of immune cell markers correlated with the gene expression-based immune cell signatures. The prevalence of immune cell signatures in early diffuse SSc patients was higher than in patients with longer disease duration. In the multivariable model, adaptive immune cell signatures were significantly associated with shorter disease duration, while fibroblast and macrophage cell type signatures were associated with higher modified Rodnan Skin Score (mRSS). Immune cell signatures also correlated with skin thickness progression rate prior to biopsy, but did not predict subsequent mRSS progression. CONCLUSIONS: Skin in early diffuse SSc has prominent innate and adaptive immune cell signatures. As a prominently affected end organ, these signatures reflect the preceding rate of disease progression. These findings could have implications in understanding SSc pathogenesis and clinical trial design.

6.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 21(1): 202, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31481106

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To determine the effect of riociguat, an oral, selective soluble guanylate cyclase stimulator, on the net digital ulcer (DU) burden in systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: Participants with SSc-related active or painful indeterminate DUs were recruited in a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, proof-of-concept trial. Eligible participants were required to have at least one visible, active ischemic DU or painful indeterminate DU at screening, located at or distal to the proximal interphalangeal joint and that developed or worsened within 8 weeks prior to screening. Participants were randomized 1:1 to placebo or riociguat in individualized doses (maximum of 2.5 mg three times daily) during an 8-week titration period, followed by an 8-week stable dosing period. This was followed by an optional 16-week open-label extension phase for participants with active DU/reoccurrence of DUs within 1 month of the end of the main treatment phase. The primary endpoint was the change from baseline to week 16 in net ulcer burden (NUB), analyzed using ANCOVA. Other endpoints included plasma biomarkers and proportion of participants with treatment-emergent adverse events (AEs). RESULTS: Seventeen participants (eight placebo, nine riociguat) were randomized at five centers. Six participants in each group transitioned to the open-label extension. Baseline characteristics were comparable between the treatment groups, except participants randomized to placebo were older and had longer disease duration (p < 0.05). At baseline, the mean (SD) NUB was 2.5 (2.0) in the placebo and 2.4 (1.4) in the riociguat. No significant treatment difference was observed in the change from baseline to 16 weeks in NUB (adjusted mean treatment difference - 0.24, 95% CI (- 1.46, 0.99), p = 0.70). Four participants experienced five serious AE (four in riociguat and one in placebo); none was considered related to study medication. Statistically significant elevation of cGMP was observed at 16 weeks in the riociguat group (p = 0.05); no other biomarkers showed significant changes. In the open-label extension, participants in the riociguat-riociguat arm had complete healing of their DUs. CONCLUSION: In participants with SSc-DU, treatment with riociguat did not reduce the number of DU net burden compared with placebo at 16 weeks. Open-label extension suggests that longer duration is needed to promote DU healing, which needs to be confirmed in a new trial. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02915835 . Registered on September 27, 2016.

7.
J Scleroderma Relat Disord ; 4(1): 17-27, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30906878

RESUMO

The Scleroderma Clinical Trials Consortium (SCTC) represents many of the clinical researchers in the world who are interested in improving the efficiency of clinical trials in Systemic Sclerosis (SSc). The SCTC has established 11 working groups (WGs) to develop and validate better ways of measuring and recording multiple aspects of this heterogeneous disease. These include groups working on arthritis, disease damage, disease activity, cardiac disease, juvenile SSc, the gastrointestinal tract, vascular component, calcinosis, scleroderma renal crisis, interstitial lung disease, and skin measurement. Members of the SCTC may join any one or more of these groups. Some of the WGs have only recently started their work, some are nearing completion of their mandated tasks and others are in the midst of their projects. All these projects, which are described in this paper, will help to improve clinical trials and observational studies by improving or developing better, more sensitive ways of measuring various aspects of the disease. As Lord Kelvin stated, "To measure is to know. If you cannot measure it you cannot improve it." The SCTC is dedicated to improving the lives of patients with SSc and it is our hope that the contributions of the WGs will be one important step in this process.

8.
ERJ Open Res ; 5(1)2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30775371

RESUMO

There is an unexpectedly high incidence of PVOD in patients with SSc-PH-ILD. Presence of PVOD may be an unrecognised contributor to the dismal prognosis of these patients. Early transplant referral should be considered for those with SSc-PH-ILD. http://ow.ly/vPvc30neJZV.

9.
J Rheumatol ; 46(2): 176-183, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30275260

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify predictors of mortality and cardiopulmonary hospitalizations in patients at risk for pulmonary hypertension (PH) and enrolled in PHAROS, a prospective cohort study to investigate the natural history of PH in systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: The at-risk population for PH was defined by the following entry criteria: echocardiogram systolic pulmonary arterial pressure > 40 mmHg, or DLCO < 55% predicted or ratio of % forced vital capacity/%DLCO > 1.6, measured by pulmonary function testing. Baseline clinical measures were evaluated as predictors of hospitalization and death between 2005 and 2014. Cox proportional hazards models were censored at date of PH onset or latest study visit and adjusted for age, sex, race, and disease duration. RESULTS: Of the 236 at-risk subjects who were followed for a median of 4 years (range 0.4-8.5 yrs), 35 developed PH after entering PHAROS (reclassified as PH group). In the at-risk group, higher mortality was strongly associated with male sex, low %DLCO, exercise oxygen desaturation, anemia, abnormal dyspnea scores, and baseline pericardial effusion. Risks for cardiopulmonary hospitalization were associated with increased dyspnea and pericardial effusions, although PH patients with DLCO < 50% had the highest risk of cardiopulmonary hospitalizations. CONCLUSION: Risk factors for poor outcome in patients with SSc who are at risk for PH were similar to others with SSc-PH and SSc-pulmonary arterial hypertension, including male sex, DLCO < 50%, exercise oxygen desaturation, and pericardial effusions. This group should undergo right heart catheterization and receive appropriate intervention if PH is confirmed.

10.
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) ; 71(9): 1164-1170, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30242973

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of anti-RNPC-3 antibodies in patients with systemic sclerosis (scleroderma or SSc) with selected gastrointestinal (GI) tract complications. METHODS: Sera from patients with SSc with or without severe GI dysfunction (total parenteral nutrition dependence) from the Johns Hopkins Scleroderma Center were screened for anti-RNPC-3 antibodies. We then examined anti-RNPC-3-positive cases and negative SSc controls from the University of Pittsburgh and the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) scleroderma cohort to confirm our findings and to examine whether specific GI features were associated with anti-RNPC-3 antibodies. RESULTS: In the discovery cohort, patients with SSc with severe GI dysfunction (n = 37) and without GI dysfunction (n = 38) were screened for anti-RNPC-3 antibodies. The former were more likely to have anti-RNPC-3 antibodies (14% versus 3%; P = 0.11). In the Pittsburgh cohort, moderate-to-severe GI dysfunction (Medsger GI score ≥2) was present in 36% of anti-RNPC-3-positive patients versus 15% of anti-RNPC-3-negative patients (P ≤ 0.01). Anti-RNPC-3-positive patients were more likely to be male (31% versus 15%; P = 0.04), African American (18% versus 6%; P = 0.02), have esophageal dysmotility (93% versus 62%; P < 0.01), and interstitial lung disease (ILD) (77% versus 35%; P < 0.01). After adjusting for relevant covariates and potential confounders, moderate-to-severe GI disease was associated with anti-RNPC-3 antibodies (odds ratio [OR] 3.8 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.0-14.3]), and ILD trended toward significance (OR 2.8 [95% CI 1.0-8.2]). CONCLUSION: Patients with SSc and anti-RNPC-3 antibodies are more likely to be male and African American and to have moderate-to-severe GI disease and ILD. Further studies on larger patient cohorts may be helpful in further defining subsets of patients with SSc at risk for severe GI involvement.

11.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 70(10): 1654-1660, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29732714

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Whole-exome sequencing (WES) studies in systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients of European American (EA) ancestry have identified variants in the ATP8B4 gene and enrichment of variants in genes in the extracellular matrix (ECM)-related pathway that increase SSc susceptibility. This study was undertaken to evaluate the association of the ATP8B4 gene and the ECM-related pathway with SSc in a cohort of African American (AA) patients. METHODS: SSc patients of AA ancestry were enrolled from 23 academic centers across the US under the Genome Research in African American Scleroderma Patients consortium. Unrelated AA individuals without serologic evidence of autoimmunity who were enrolled in the Howard University Family Study were used as unaffected controls. Functional variants in genes reported in the 2 WES studies in EA patients with SSc were selected for gene association testing using the optimized sequence kernel association test (SKAT-O) and pathway analysis by Ingenuity Pathway Analysis in 379 patients and 411 controls. RESULTS: Principal components analysis demonstrated that the patients and controls had similar ancestral backgrounds, with roughly equal proportions of mean European admixture. Using SKAT-O, we examined the association of individual genes that were previously reported in EA patients and none remained significant, including ATP8B4 (P = 0.98). However, we confirmed the previously reported association of the ECM-related pathway with enrichment of variants within the COL13A1, COL18A1, COL22A1, COL4A3, COL4A4, COL5A2, PROK1, and SERPINE1 genes (corrected P = 1.95 × 10-4 ). CONCLUSION: In the largest genetic study in AA patients with SSc to date, our findings corroborate the role of functional variants that aggregate in a fibrotic pathway and increase SSc susceptibility.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos/genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/etnologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/etnologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/genética , Adenosina Trifosfatases/genética , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Feminino , Variação Genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Componente Principal , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
12.
Assay Drug Dev Technol ; 16(2): 123-131, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29493258

RESUMO

Type VII collagen is the main component of the anchoring fibrils connecting the basement membrane to the underlying interstitial matrix. Mutations in the type VII collagen gene cause dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa. Increased levels of type VII collagen in the skin have been reported in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc), whereas reduced levels in the airways have been related to asthma. This indicates that type VII collagen plays an important part in upholding tissue integrity and that its remodeling may lead to pathological states. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of type VII collagen remodeling in fibroproliferative disorders. We produced monoclonal antibody targeting a specific fragment of type VII collagen (C7M) released to the systemic circulation and developed a neo-epitope specific competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Biological relevance was evaluated in serum from patients with SSc or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The C7M ELISA was technically robust and specific for the C7M neo-epitope. Serum C7M levels were significantly elevated in two cohorts of patients with SSc and in patients with COPD as compared with healthy individuals (P < 0.0001). The C7M ELISA enabled quantification of type VII collagen turnover in serum. Elevated serum C7M levels indicated that the turnover rate of type VII collagen was significantly increased in patients with SSc or COPD, suggesting a pathological role. Thus, the C7M ELISA may become useful in future investigations of type VII collagen turnover in fibroproliferative disorders, and it may prove a valuable tool for evaluating novel anti-fibrotic drugs.


Assuntos
Colágeno Tipo VII/sangue , Epitopos/sangue , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/sangue , Escleroderma Sistêmico/sangue , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Colágeno Tipo VII/metabolismo , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Epitopos/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/metabolismo , Escleroderma Sistêmico/metabolismo
14.
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) ; 70(9): 1373-1384, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29473715

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) is the most common manifestation of systemic sclerosis (SSc). RP is an episodic phenomenon, not easily assessed in the clinic, leading to reliance on self-report. A thorough understanding of the patient experience of SSc-RP is essential to ensuring that patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments capture domains important to the target patient population. We report the findings of an international qualitative research study investigating the patient experience of SSc-RP. METHODS: Focus groups of SSc patients were conducted across 3 scleroderma centers in the US and UK, using a topic guide and a priori purposive sampling framework devised by qualitative researchers, SSc patients, and SSc experts. Focus groups were audio recorded, transcribed, anonymized, and analyzed using inductive thematic analysis. Focus groups were conducted until thematic saturation was achieved. RESULTS: Forty SSc patients participated in 6 focus groups conducted in Bath (UK), New Orleans (Louisiana), and Pittsburgh (Pennsylvania). Seven major themes were identified that encapsulate the patient experience of SSc-RP: physical symptoms, emotional impact, triggers and exacerbating factors, constant vigilance and self-management, impact on daily life, uncertainty, and adaptation. The interrelationship of the 7 constituent themes can be arranged within a conceptual map of SSc-RP. CONCLUSION: We have explored the patient experience of SSc-RP in a diverse and representative SSc cohort and identified a complex interplay of experiences that result in significant impact. Work to develop a novel PRO instrument for assessing the severity and impact of SSc-RP, comprising domains/items grounded in the patient experiences of SSc-RP identified in this study, is underway.


Assuntos
Doença de Raynaud/psicologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Doença de Raynaud/etiologia
15.
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) ; 70(10): 1517-1524, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29316366

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We examined systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients with breast cancer to identify the prevalence of radiation complications and to examine outcomes in SSc patients who received radiation therapy as part of their cancer treatment. METHODS: Patients with SSc and breast cancer were identified from the Johns Hopkins and University of Pittsburgh Scleroderma Center databases. We examined whether erythema, blistering, ulceration, or thickening of the skin developed in the radiation therapy port. Changes in modified Rodnan skin thickness score (mRSS) and forced vital capacity percent predicted (FVC%) at 12 and 24 months post-cancer diagnosis were compared between patients who did and those who did not receive radiation therapy. RESULTS: A total of 43 of 116 breast cancer patients at Johns Hopkins and 26 of 37 patients at the University of Pittsburgh received breast radiation therapy. At Johns Hopkins, 4 of 30 (13.3%) patients with available data developed erythema, none had blistering, 1 of 30 (3.3%) developed ulceration, and 15 of 31 (48.4%) had skin thickening in the radiation port. At the University of Pittsburgh, 7 of 11 patients (63.6%) with available data developed erythema, 2 of 11 (18.2%) had blistering, none developed ulceration, and 6 of 11 (54.6%) had skin thickening in the radiation port. In a limited sample, there were no significant changes in the mRSS or FVC% between patients who did and those who did not receive radiation therapy. CONCLUSION: These data suggest that radiation injury causing local tissue fibrosis is not inevitable in SSc patients with breast cancer, occurring in approximately 50% of patients without evidence of lung or generalized skin disease flare. Therefore, the use of radiation therapy for breast cancer is considered an option based on the informed patient's preference.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Adulto , Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radioterapia/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
N Engl J Med ; 378(1): 35-47, 2018 01 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29298160

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite current therapies, diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (scleroderma) often has a devastating outcome. We compared myeloablative CD34+ selected autologous hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation with immunosuppression by means of 12 monthly infusions of cyclophosphamide in patients with scleroderma. METHODS: We randomly assigned adults (18 to 69 years of age) with severe scleroderma to undergo myeloablative autologous stem-cell transplantation (36 participants) or to receive cyclophosphamide (39 participants). The primary end point was a global rank composite score comparing participants with each other on the basis of a hierarchy of disease features assessed at 54 months: death, event-free survival (survival without respiratory, renal, or cardiac failure), forced vital capacity, the score on the Disability Index of the Health Assessment Questionnaire, and the modified Rodnan skin score. RESULTS: In the intention-to-treat population, global rank composite scores at 54 months showed the superiority of transplantation (67% of 1404 pairwise comparisons favored transplantation and 33% favored cyclophosphamide, P=0.01). In the per-protocol population (participants who received a transplant or completed ≥9 doses of cyclophosphamide), the rate of event-free survival at 54 months was 79% in the transplantation group and 50% in the cyclophosphamide group (P=0.02). At 72 months, Kaplan-Meier estimates of event-free survival (74% vs. 47%) and overall survival (86% vs. 51%) also favored transplantation (P=0.03 and 0.02, respectively). A total of 9% of the participants in the transplantation group had initiated disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) by 54 months, as compared with 44% of those in the cyclophosphamide group (P=0.001). Treatment-related mortality in the transplantation group was 3% at 54 months and 6% at 72 months, as compared with 0% in the cyclophosphamide group. CONCLUSIONS: Myeloablative autologous hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation achieved long-term benefits in patients with scleroderma, including improved event-free and overall survival, at a cost of increased expected toxicity. Rates of treatment-related death and post-transplantation use of DMARDs were lower than those in previous reports of nonmyeloablative transplantation. (Funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and the National Institutes of Health; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00114530 .).


Assuntos
Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Humanos , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Análise de Intenção de Tratamento , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escleroderma Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/mortalidade , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Transplante Autólogo , Adulto Jovem
17.
J Rheumatol ; 45(3): 405-410, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29093152

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of pomalidomide (POM) on forced vital capacity (FVC), modified Rodnan skin score (mRSS), and gastrointestinal (GI) symptomatology over 52 weeks of treatment in patients with interstitial lung disease due to systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: Twenty-three adult patients diagnosed with SSc were randomized 1:1 POM:placebo (PBO). RESULTS: Mean change at Week 52 from baseline in predicted FVC% -5.2 and -2.8; mRSS -2.7 and -3.7; and UCLA Scleroderma Clinical Trial Consortium Gastrointestinal Tract (SCTC GIT 2.0) score 0.1 and 0.0, with POM and PBO, respectively. Statistical significance was not achieved for any of these 3 primary endpoints at 52 weeks. CONCLUSION: Because of recruitment challenges, subject enrollment was discontinued early. In an interim analysis, the study did not meet its Week 52 primary endpoints. Therefore, a decision was made to terminate all study phases. POM was generally well tolerated, with an adverse event profile consistent with the known safety and tolerability profile of POM in other diseases. Study results were neither positive nor negative because too few subjects were enrolled to make meaningful conclusions. Clinical Trials number: NCT01559129.


Assuntos
Fatores Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Talidomida/análogos & derivados , Adulto , Método Duplo-Cego , Término Precoce de Ensaios Clínicos , Feminino , Fibrose/tratamento farmacológico , Seguimentos , Volume Expiratório Forçado/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pele/patologia , Talidomida/efeitos adversos , Talidomida/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Capacidade Vital/efeitos dos fármacos
18.
J Scleroderma Relat Disord ; 3(3): 249-252, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30705970

RESUMO

The episodic nature of Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) in systemic sclerosis (SSc) has led to a reliance on patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments such as the Raynaud's Condition Score (RCS) diary. Little is known about the utilisation in routine clinical practice and health professional attitudes towards existing PRO instruments for assessing SSc-RP. Members of the Scleroderma Clinical Trials Consortium Vascular Working Group (SCTC-VWG, n=28) were invited to participate in a survey gauging attitudes towards the RCS diary and the perceived need for novel PRO instruments for assessing SSc-RP. Nineteen SCTC-VWG members (68% response rate) from academic units based in North America (n=9), Europe (n=8), South America (n=1) and Australasia (n=1) took part in the survey. There was broad consensus that RCS diary returns could be influenced by factors including seasonal variation in weather, efforts made by patients to avoid or ameliorate attacks of RP, habituation to RP symptoms, evolution of RP symptom characteristics with progressive obliterative microangiopathy, patient coping strategies, respondent burden and placebo effect. There was consensus that limitations of the RCS diary might be a barrier to drug development (79% of respondents agree/strongly agree) and that a novel PRO instrument for assessing SSc-RP should be developed with the input of both clinicians and patients (84% agree/strongly agree). Perceived potential limitations of the RCS diary have been identified along with concerns that such factors might impede drug development programs for SSc-RP. There is support within the systemic sclerosis community for the development of a novel PRO instrument for assessing SSc-RP.

19.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 35 Suppl 106(4): 184-192, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28516884

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The patient perspective captured using Patient-Reported Outcome (PRO) instruments provide insight into the patient condition not always captured by physician-derived assessment tools. Target patient population involvement is an essential component of PRO instrument development. We have reviewed the level of patient involvement in the development of PRO instruments used in the assessment of systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: A comprehensive literature review was undertaken to identify studies reporting PRO instruments in SSc. Studies were assessed to establish whether the PRO instruments had been developed specifically for SSc or adopted from other disease areas. Studies reporting PRO instruments specific for SSc were scrutinised for evidence of target patient population involvement in the development of the instrument. RESULTS: A total of 58 PRO instruments that have been used in SSc research were identified. Twelve (21%) of these were developed specifically for outcome assessment within SSc populations. Of these, 5 (42%) had not reported any patient involvement in the development phase of the instrument. Five SSc PRO instruments (42%) involved target patient population in the domain/item generation stage. Four (33%) of SSc PRO instruments had undertaken cognitive interviewing to ensure item wording adequately captured the intended conceptual framework. CONCLUSIONS: The majority of PRO instruments used to assess SSc have not involved significant target patient involvement in their development. By involving patients in the development of novel PRO instruments in SSc, we can ensure such instruments adequately capture the experiences most relevant to our patients.


Assuntos
Participação do Paciente , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Escleroderma Sistêmico/terapia , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
J Rheumatol ; 44(6): 791-794, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28298560

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the inter/intraobserver reliability of the tender and swollen joint counts (TJC, SJC) and the modified Rodnan Skin Score (mRSS) in diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc) and to assess content validity of the TJC/SJC. METHODS: Ten rheumatologists completed the SJC, TJC, and mRSS on 7 patients. Musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) was performed. RESULTS: Interobserver and intraobserver reliability for the TJC was 0.97 and 0.99, for the SJC was 0.24 and 0.71, and for the mRSS was 0.81 and 0.94, respectively. MSUS abnormalities did not correspond with SJC/TJC. CONCLUSION: We demonstrate excellent inter- and intraobserver reliability for the mRSS and TJC in dcSSc. However, the SJC and TJC did not correspond to MSUS.


Assuntos
Articulações/patologia , Esclerodermia Difusa/diagnóstico , Pele/patologia , Adulto , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Exame Físico , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Esclerodermia Difusa/patologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA