Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 140
Filtrar
1.
Blood ; 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067622

RESUMO

Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a clonal hematopoietic disorder characterized by the accumulation of foamy histiocytes within organs, in particular frequent retroperitoneal involvement, and a high frequency of BRAFV600E mutations. Although ECD is not commonly recognized to have overt peripheral blood (PB) or bone marrow (BM) disease, we recently identified that ECD patients have a high frequency of a concomitant myeloid malignancy. Given this finding and the fact that clonal hematopoiesis frequency precedes development of myeloid malignancies, we conducted a systematic clinical and molecular analysis of the BM from 120 ECD patients. Surprisingly, 42.5% (51/120) of ECD patients had clonal hematopoiesis while 15.8% (19/120) of patients developed an overt hematologic malignancy (nearly all of which were a myeloid neoplasm). The most frequently mutated genes in BM were TET2, ASXL1, DNMT3A, and NRAS. ECD patients with clonal hematopoiesis were more likely to be older (p<0.0001), have retroperitoneal involvement (p=0.02), and harbor a BRAFV600E mutation (p=0.049) than those without clonal hematopoiesis. The presence of the TET2 mutation was associated with a BRAFV600E mutation in tissue ECD lesions (p=0.0006) and TET2 mutant ECD patients were more likely to have vascular involvement than TET2 wild-type ECD patients. Clonal hematopoiesis mutations in ECD were detected in cells derived from CD34+CD38- BM progenitors and PB monocytes but less frequently present in PB B- and T-lymphocytes. These data identify a heretofore unrecognized high frequency of clonal hematopoiesis in ECD patients, reaffirm the development of additional high risk of myeloid neoplasms in ECD, and provide evidence of a BM-based precursor cell-of-origin for many patients with ECD.

2.
Neurology ; 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32887776

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Central nervous system (CNS) involvement in Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) leads to significant morbidity and mortality. To assess CNS manifestations in a French cohort of 253 ECD patients, we determined clinical characteristics and outcomes, including those under targeted therapies. METHODS: This was a retrospective longitudinal study. CNS manifestations were determined by clinical examination and brain and/or spine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Targeted therapy efficacy was assessed using global assessment from a physician and a radiologist. The study was approved by the ethics committee, Comité de Protection des Personnes Ile de France III. RESULTS: Ninety-seven (38%) of 253 ECD patients had CNS involvement. CNS involvement was significantly associated with a younger age at diagnosis (mean 55.5 years) and at symptom onset (mean 50.5 years), as well as with the presence of the BRAF V600E mutation (in 77% of cases), xanthelasma (34%), and diabetes insipidus (36%). Median survival among patients with CNS involvement was significantly lower than that of ECD patients without CNS involvement (124 months versus 146 months, p=0.03). Seventy-four CNS MRIs were centrally reviewed, which showed 3 patterns: tumoral in 66%, pseudo-degenerative in 50%, and vascular in 18%. Targeted therapy (BRAF and/or MEK inhibitors) was associated with improved symptoms in 43% of patients and MRI improvement in 45%. CONCLUSIONS: CNS manifestations are typically associated with poor prognosis in ECD patients. Three distinct patterns can be recognized: tumoral, pseudodegenerative, and vascular. This study provides class III evidence that targeted therapy leads to clinical and/or imaging improvement in almost 50% of patients.

3.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 15(1): 241, 2020 09 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32907615

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lung involvement in childhood Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is infrequent and rarely life threatening, but occasionally, severe presentations are observed. METHODS: Among 1482 children (< 15 years) registered in the French LCH registry (1994-2018), 111 (7.4%) had lung involvement. This retrospective study included data for 17 (1.1%) patients that required one or more intensive care unit (ICU) admissions for respiratory failure. RESULTS: The median age was 1.3 years at the first ICU hospitalization. Of the 17 patients, 14 presented with lung involvement at the LCH diagnosis, and 7 patients (41%) had concomitant involvement of risk-organ (hematologic, spleen, or liver). Thirty-five ICU hospitalizations were analysed. Among these, 22 (63%) were secondary to a pneumothorax, 5 (14%) were associated with important cystic lesions without pneumothorax, and 8 (23%) included a diffuse micronodular lung infiltration in the context of multisystem disease. First-line vinblastine-corticosteroid combination therapy was administered to 16 patients; 12 patients required a second-line therapy (cladribine: n = 7; etoposide-aracytine: n = 3; targeted therapy n = 2). A total of 6 children (35%) died (repeated pneumothorax: n = 3; diffuse micronodular lung infiltration in the context of multisystem disease: n = 2; following lung transplantation: n = 1). For survivors, the median follow-up after ICU was 11.2 years. Among these, 9 patients remain asymptomatic despite abnormal chest imaging. CONCLUSIONS: Severe lung involvement is unusual in childhood LCH, but it is associated with high mortality. Treatment guidelines should be improved for this group of patients: viral infection prophylaxis and early administration of a new LCH therapy, such as targeted therapy.

4.
Br J Haematol ; 2020 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32700439

RESUMO

The nucleoside analogue, 2-chlorodeoxyadenosine (2CDA), was reported to be an active treatment for childhood Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) without risk organ (RO-) involvement. However, we lack data on long-term effects of 2CDA treatment, including the disease reactivation rate, permanent sequelae and long-term tolerance. This study included 44 children from the French LCH registry, treated for a RO- LCH with 2CDA monotherapy (median number of six courses). The median age at the beginning of 2CDA was 3·6 years (range, 0·3-19·7 years) and the median follow-up after was 5·4 years (range, 0·6-15·1 years). Objective response to 2CDA was observed in 25 patients (56·8%), while six patients (13·6%) had stable disease and 13 patients (29·5%) exhibited progressive disease. Among patients without progression, only two experienced disease reactivation after 2CDA discontinuation. The five-year cumulative incidence of disease progression or reactivation after 2CDA therapy initiation was 34·3%. The lymphopenia reported in all cases [72% below absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) of 0·5 G/l], was addressed with appropriate prophylactic measures. Other toxicities above grade 2 were uncommon, and no second malignant neoplasm or neuropathy was reported. The five-year overall survival was 97·7%. In conclusion, we could confirm that 2CDA monotherapy was a beneficial long-term therapy for treating patients with RO- LCH. Appropriate management of induced immune deficiency is mandatory.

5.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; : e28496, 2020 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32710685

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to describe the spectrum of lung computed-tomography (CT) findings in children with pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis (PLCH) and to evaluate for this population the CT-scan nodule and cyst scores proposed by adult pulmonologists at diagnosis and during follow-up. METHODS: Among 175 children with PLCH identified in the French national population-based Langerhans cell histiocytosis cohort, 60 were retrospectively selected by the availability of CT for a central review by three pediatric radiologists. These 60 patients are representative of childhood PLCH for almost all clinical aspects, except a lower percentage of risk organ involvement (38% vs 54%; P = 0.05). RESULTS: The 60 children's chest CT scans (n = 218) were reviewed. At diagnosis, 63% of them had nodules, 53% had cysts, and 29% had both. The percentages of patients with nodules or cysts increased from diagnosis to peak disease activity, respectively, from 63% to 73% and from 53% to 66%. The costophrenic angle was involved in 71%. Patients with pneumothorax (25%) had a higher median cyst score. Alveolar consolidation was observed in 34%. Patients with low CT-scan nodule and cyst scores had no long-term pulmonary sequelae. CONCLUSIONS: Well-known characteristics of adult PLCH (nodules and cysts) were observed in children. The chest CT scores proposed by adult pulmonologists could easily be applied to childhood PLCH. Lesions in children, unlike those in adults, are frequently located near the costophrenic angles. Alveolar consolidation might be considered an atypical feature of childhood PLCH.

7.
Br J Haematol ; 189(5): 869-878, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32191819

RESUMO

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare protean disease that usually affects children. Few data are available for management of adult-onset cases. A complete picture of the efficacy and safety of 2CdA (2-chlorodeoxyadenosine, cladribine) is lacking. We report a retrospective multicentre study of 23 adult LCH (a-LCH) patients who received single-agent 2CdA and a systematic literature review. All had previously received systemic therapy (vinblastine, n = 19). Response to 2CdA was evaluable in 22 cases. Overall response rate (ORR) was 91%. Complete response (CR) occurred in 11 cases (50%). Nine patients (39%) developed grade 3-4 neutropenia and/or severe infection. A literature review yielded 48 additional cases. A pooled analysis confirmed our findings (ORR: 88%, CR: 49%). CRs were rare with cumulative dose <50 mg/m2 . Disease progression rates were 20% and 30% at two and five years, respectively. Partial response (PR) to 2CdA was predictive of disease progression. Among eight re-treated patients, five went into CR, two in PR, and one died. Single-agent 2CdA is effective in reactivated a-LCH, including at intermediate doses. Toxicity, significant but acceptable, warrants infectious prophylaxis. Complete responders may enter prolonged remission. Further studies are needed to determine 2CdA sequencing with other agents (vinblastine, cytarabine).

8.
Int J Cancer ; 147(6): 1657-1665, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32212266

RESUMO

In humans, histiocytic sarcoma (HS) is an aggressive cancer involving histiocytes. Its rarity and heterogeneity explain that treatment remains a challenge. Sharing high clinical and histopathological similarities with human HS, the canine HS is conversely frequent in specific breeds and thus constitutes a unique spontaneous model for human HS to decipher the genetic bases and to explore therapeutic options. We identified sequence alterations in the MAPK pathway in at least 63.9% (71/111) of HS cases with mutually exclusive BRAF (0.9%; 1/111), KRAS (7.2%; 8/111) and PTPN11 (56.75%; 63/111) mutations concentrated at hotspots common to human cancers. Recurrent PTPN11 mutations are associated to visceral disseminated HS subtype in dogs, the most aggressive clinical presentation. We then identified PTPN11 mutations in 3/19 (15.7%) human HS patients. Thus, we propose PTPN11 mutations as key events for a specific subset of human and canine HS: the visceral disseminated form. Finally, by testing drugs targeting the MAPK pathway in eight canine HS cell lines, we identified a better anti-proliferation activity of MEK inhibitors than PTPN11 inhibitors in canine HS neoplastic cells. In combination, these results illustrate the relevance of naturally affected dogs in deciphering genetic mechanisms and selecting efficient targeted therapies for such rare and aggressive cancers in humans.

9.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 55(8): 1614-1622, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31992846

RESUMO

ELANE neutropenia is associated with myelodysplasia and acute leukemia (MDS-AL), and severe infections. Because the MDS-AL risk has also been shown to be associated with exposure to GCSF, since 2005, in France, patients receiving high daily GCSF doses (>15 µg/kg/day) are eligible for HSCT, in addition to classic indications (MDS-AL or GCSF refractoriness). We analyzed the effect of this policy. Among 144 prospectively followed ELANE-neutropenia patients enrolled in the French Severe Congenital Neutropenia Registry, we defined two groups according to period: "before 2005" for those born before 2005 and followed until 31/12/2004 (1588 person-years); and "after 2005" comprised of those born after 2005 or born before 2005 but followed after 2005 until 31/03/2019 (1327 person-years). Sixteen of our cohort patients underwent HSCT (14 long-term survivors) and six developed MDS-ALs. Six leukemic transformations occurred in the before-2005 group and none after 2005 (respective frequencies 3.8 × 10-3 vs. 0; P < 0.01), while four HSCTs were done before 2005 and 12 since 2005 (respective HSCT rates increased 2.5 × 10-3 vs. 9 × 10-3; P < 0.01). Our results support early HSCT for patients with ELANE mutations who received high GCSF doses, as it might lower the risk of leukemic transformation.

11.
Chest ; 157(2): 323-333, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669429

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Destombes-Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is a rare multisystemic histiocytosis. Pulmonary involvement during RDD has been poorly described. The goal of this study was to examine the clinical presentations, radiological features, and outcomes of 15 patients with RDD and lung involvement. METHODS: The cases of RDD with lung involvement were extracted from the French National Histiocytosis registry. Efficacy of the MEK inhibitor cobimetinib in treating lung disease was evaluated with an 18fluorodeoxyglucose PET scanner and chest CT scans. RESULTS: Fifteen patients (six women; median age, 40 years at RDD diagnosis) were included. All patients had evidence of systemic disease with extrapulmonary localizations of the disease (lymphadenopathy [n = 12], skin [n = 9], bones [n = 6], retroperitoneal involvement [n = 3], sinuses [n = 3], parotid gland [n = 2], submandibular gland [n = 1], and breast [n = 1]). Presenting symptoms were dominated by dyspnea and dry cough in seven patients. Restrictive physiology was observed in two of five patients. BAL showed lymphocytosis in one of five cases. Eight patients received corticosteroids, all but one with variable immunosuppressive or immunomodulatory therapies. Two patients received cobimetinib for severe lung disease, with dramatic pulmonary metabolic and tumoral responses. Two patients died during follow-up: one of hemoptysis, and the other of an unrelated cerebral tumor. CONCLUSIONS: Pulmonary involvement in RDD is rare, proteiform, and sometimes severe. The MEK inhibitor cobimetinib can lead to dramatic responses.

12.
J Clin Oncol ; 37(31): 2857-2865, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31513482

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Off-label use of vemurafenib (VMF) to treat BRAFV600E mutation-positive, refractory, childhood Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) was evaluated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-four patients from 12 countries took VMF 20 mg/kg/d. They were classified according to risk organ involvement: liver, spleen, and/or blood cytopenia. The main evaluation criteria were adverse events (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [version 4.3]) and therapeutic responses according to Disease Activity Score. RESULTS: LCH extent was distributed as follows: 44 with positive and 10 with negative risk organ involvement. Median age at diagnosis was 0.9 years (range, 0.1 to 6.5 years). Median age at VMF initiation was 1.8 years (range, 0.18 to 14 years), with a median follow-up of 22 months (range, 4.3 to 57 months), whereas median treatment duration was 13.9 months (for 855 patient-months). At 8 weeks, 38 complete responses and 16 partial responses had been achieved, with the median Disease Activity Score decreasing from 7 at diagnosis to 0 (P < .001). Skin rash, the most frequent adverse event, affected 74% of patients. No secondary skin cancer was observed. Therapeutic plasma VMF concentrations (range, 10 to 20 mg/L) seemed to be safe and effective. VMF discontinuation for 30 patients led to 24 LCH reactivations. The blood BRAFV600E allele load, assessed as circulating cell-free DNA, decreased after starting VMF but remained positive (median, 3.6% at diagnosis, and 1.6% during VMF treatment; P < .001) and was associated with a higher risk of reactivation at VMF discontinuation. None of the various empirical therapies (hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation, cladribine and cytarabine, anti-MEK agent, vinblastine, etc) used for maintenance could eradicate the BRAFV600E clone. CONCLUSION: VMF seemed safe and effective in children with refractory BRAFV600E-positive LCH. Additional studies are needed to find effective maintenance therapy approaches.

13.
J Clin Immunol ; 39(7): 702-712, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401750

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Patients with primary immunodeficiency (PID) are at risk of serious complications. However, data on the incidence and causes of emergency hospital admissions are scarce. The primary objective of the present study was to describe emergency hospital admissions among patients with PID, with a view to identifying "at-risk" patient profiles. METHODS: We performed a prospective observational 12-month multicenter study in France via the CEREDIH network of regional PID reference centers from November 2010 to October 2011. All patients with PIDs requiring emergency hospital admission were included. RESULTS: A total of 200 admissions concerned 137 patients (73 adults and 64 children, 53% of whom had antibody deficiencies). Thirty admissions were reported for 16 hematopoietic stem cell transplantation recipients. When considering the 170 admissions of non-transplant patients, 149 (85%) were related to acute infections (respiratory tract infections and gastrointestinal tract infections in 72 (36%) and 34 (17%) of cases, respectively). Seventy-seven percent of the admissions occurred during winter or spring (December to May). The in-hospital mortality rate was 8.8% (12 patients); death was related to a severe infection in 11 cases (8%) and Epstein-Barr virus-induced lymphoma in 1 case. Patients with a central venous catheter (n = 19, 13.9%) were significantly more hospitalized for an infection (94.7%) than for a non-infectious reason (5.3%) (p = 0.04). CONCLUSION: Our data showed that the annual incidence of emergency hospital admission among patients with PID is 3.4%. The leading cause of emergency hospital admission was an acute infection, and having a central venous catheter was associated with a significantly greater risk of admission for an infectious episode.

14.
Case Rep Endocrinol ; 2019: 2719364, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31341684

RESUMO

Background: Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare inflammatory neoplasm characterized by an infiltration of organs by Langerin + (CD207+) and CD1a+ histiocytes. Diabetes insipidus is a frequent manifestation of the disease, while diabetes mellitus is very rare. We report the first case of a 20-year-old man suffering from hypothalamopituitary histiocytosis and diabetes mellitus with serum anti-insulin receptor antibodies. Case Presentation: A 20-year-old patient was admitted for the evaluation of growth delay and hyperphagia. HbA1c level and fasting blood glucose were in the normal range. The diagnosis of hypothalamopituitary histiocytosis was based on histological features after biopsy of a large suprachiasmatic lesion identified on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Association of vinblastine and purinethol was started followed by a second-line therapy by cladribine. During the follow-up, the patient was admitted for recurrence of hyperglycemic states and extreme insulin resistance. The screening for serum anti-insulin receptor antibodies was positive. Each episode of hyperglycemia appeared to be correlated with tumoral activity and increase in serum anti-insulin receptor antibodies and appeared to be improved when the disease was controlled by chemotherapy. Conclusion: We report the first description of a hypothalamopituitary histiocytosis associated with serum anti-insulin receptor antibodies, extreme insulin resistance, and diabetes. Parallel evolution of glucose levels and serum anti-insulin receptor antibodies seemed to be the consequence of immune suppressive properties of cladribine.

15.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 181(3): 275-285, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269469

RESUMO

Objective: Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare inflammatory myeloid neoplasm which can infiltrate any organ or tissue. Endocrine involvement has mostly been described in case reports and small retrospective studies. We aimed to describe endocrine manifestations in a large cohort of adulthood onset (AO) and childhood onset (CO) patients with LCH. Design: Single-center observational study conducted between January 2002 and December 2017 at Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital (Paris, France), a tertiary care hospital. Method: Clinical, biological and morphological evaluations of pituitary, gonadal, adrenal and thyroid function evaluations performed in 63 consecutive patients with LCH (AO patients: 40, CO patients: 23). Fifty-eight patients underwent follow-up assessments. Results: Complete pituitary evaluation was performed in 38/63 patients (60.3%); at least one anterior pituitary dysfunction (APD) was found in 63.2% of them. In this subgroup of patients, the most prevalent deficiencies were diabetes insipidus (DI) and GHD (55.3% each), followed by gonadotropin deficiency (34.2%) and thyrotropin deficiency (23.7%). In the subgroup of the 25 incompletely evaluated patients, we found DI in 44%, GHD in 50%, gonadotropin deficiency in 30.4% and thyrotropin deficiency in 16%. APD was more common in CO patients (P = 0.003) but was not systematically associated with DI regardless of the age of onset. Endocrine dysfunction was most often permanent; moreover, occurrence of new deficiencies has been described during follow-up. Conclusion: The spectrum of endocrine disorders appears to be large in LCH (both in AO and CO patients) and should be evaluated carefully at diagnosis and during follow-up. APD was not always associated with DI.


Assuntos
Doenças do Sistema Endócrino/sangue , Doenças do Sistema Endócrino/diagnóstico por imagem , Sistema Endócrino/metabolismo , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/sangue , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Idade de Início , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Doenças do Sistema Endócrino/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , França/epidemiologia , Gonadotropinas Hipofisárias/sangue , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Hormônios Tireóideos/sangue , Adulto Jovem
16.
Blood ; 134(3): 277-290, 2019 07 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31151987

RESUMO

Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) is a recessive disorder typified by bone marrow failure and predisposition to hematological malignancies. SDS is predominantly caused by deficiency of the allosteric regulator Shwachman-Bodian-Diamond syndrome that cooperates with elongation factor-like GTPase 1 (EFL1) to catalyze release of the ribosome antiassociation factor eIF6 and activate translation. Here, we report biallelic mutations in EFL1 in 3 unrelated individuals with clinical features of SDS. Cellular defects in these individuals include impaired ribosomal subunit joining and attenuated global protein translation as a consequence of defective eIF6 eviction. In mice, Efl1 deficiency recapitulates key aspects of the SDS phenotype. By identifying biallelic EFL1 mutations in SDS, we define this leukemia predisposition disorder as a ribosomopathy that is caused by corruption of a fundamental, conserved mechanism, which licenses entry of the large ribosomal subunit into translation.


Assuntos
Mutação , Fatores de Alongamento de Peptídeos/genética , Fatores de Iniciação de Peptídeos/biossíntese , Ribonucleoproteína Nuclear Pequena U5/genética , Síndrome de Shwachman-Diamond/genética , Síndrome de Shwachman-Diamond/metabolismo , Adolescente , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Feminino , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Modelos Moleculares , Linhagem , Fatores de Alongamento de Peptídeos/química , Fatores de Alongamento de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Fenótipo , Conformação Proteica , Ribonucleoproteína Nuclear Pequena U5/química , Ribonucleoproteína Nuclear Pequena U5/metabolismo , Síndrome de Shwachman-Diamond/diagnóstico , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
17.
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol ; 124: 152-156, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31195309

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gorham-Stout disease (GSD) is a rare lymphatic disorder which results in bone destruction. Defects of the skull base are difficult to manage, we describe cases to better understand the disease and discuss treatment. METHODS: Retrospective study including all patients treated for GSD skull-base defects. Medical records, clinical, imaging and treatment data were studied. A systematic review of the literature included case reports of the diseases for further analysis. RESULTS: 6 patients (5 males, 1 female) were included. Mean age at diagnosis was 3.5 years (range 0-10). Follow-up was of 5.2 years. Patients were divided into Naso-temporal (NT) and Vertebro-temporal (VT) groups following anatomical location. NT patients (4 patients) all had petrous defects extending anteriorly, including sphenoid, ethmoidal and mandibular defects. They all had cerebro-spinal fluid leak (CSF) and recurrent meningitis (range from 3 to 7). Two of those patients had sequelae including deafness, paralysis and epilepsy. VT patients (2 patients) all had temporal, occipital bone and cervical vertebrae defects. None had CSF leaks but both died from medullar compression (preceded by tetraparesis in one case). Overall, five out of six patients had type I Chiari malformation. Interferon seemed to be the most efficient medical treatment. Surgery included petrectomy, endonasal surgery for CSF leak management and neurosurgery for medullar management but could not guarantee long-term effects. CONCLUSION: Main issues in skull base defects are CSF leaks and medullar compressions. Surgical treatment is necessary in both cases but can only be satisfactory if general medical treatment can stabilise the disease.


Assuntos
Osteólise Essencial/cirurgia , Base do Crânio , Malformação de Arnold-Chiari/complicações , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/diagnóstico , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/etiologia , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/cirurgia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Endoscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Osteólise Essencial/complicações , Osteólise Essencial/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Hum Pathol ; 89: 51-61, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31054893

RESUMO

Childhood pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis (PLCH) is a rare disease. Its pulmonary histopathology, according to comprehensive clinical-radiological findings and BRAFV600E mutation status, has not yet been thoroughly documented. From the 167 childhood PLCH cases entered in the French National Histiocytosis Registry (1983-2016), we retrieved lung biopsies from a consecutive retrospective series of 17 patients, diagnosed when they were 2 weeks to 16 years old (median, 9.4 years), and report the clinical and histopathological findings herein. Histological analyses of biopsies (16 surgical and 1 postmortem) found the following features, alone or associated: Langerhans cell (LC) nodules with cavitation (9/17), cysts (14/17), fibrotic scars (2/17), peribronchiolar topographic distribution of the lesions (10/17), and accessory changes, like stretch emphysema (7/17). Those characteristics closely resemble those describing adult PLCH. However, unusual findings observed were 2 large nodules and a diffuse interstitial LC infiltrate. BRAFV600E mutation was detected in 4 of 12 samples tested, notably in the 3 with unusual features. In conclusion, childhood PLCH mostly shares the common histology features already described in adult PLCH, regardless of age. Because smoking is considered the major trigger in PLCH pathogenesis, the findings based on this series suggest other inducers of bronchiolar LC recruitment, especially in very young patients.

20.
J Clin Immunol ; 39(2): 200-206, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30900095

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Neonatal immune neutropenia is observed in rare cases in newborns from mothers with idiopathic or autoimmune neutropenia, secondary to passive transfer of maternal granulocyte auto-antibodies. METHODS: We performed a literature review and report four supplementary cases from the French registry of neutropenia. RESULTS: Only 14 cases (11 mothers, 14 newborns) have been reported. Granulocyte aggregation (GAT) and granulocyte indirect immunofluorescence test (GIFT) are the recommended laboratory procedures for antibody detection. Monoclonal antibody-specific immobilization of granulocyte antigens (MAIGA)-confirmed antibody specificity. Antibody detection in newborns is not generally possible owing to extreme neutropenia. In half of the cases autoantibodies against neutrophils (AAN) were positive in maternal sera (7 out of 11). In some newborns tested, IgG+ AAN were also positive, with disappearance in parallel of spontaneous neutrophil count improvement. No correlation between maternal type of AAN and titer and neonatal neutropenia can be established. Neutropenia resolved spontaneously between 2 weeks and 4 months. Infections in newborns were observed in 43% of cases, with no deaths reported. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) was administered to some newborns (5 out of 14) in the case of infections. Low-dose G-CSF administered to childbearing women during pregnancy could be proposed to prevent neutropenia in newborns. CONCLUSIONS: From the few cases reported so far it is impossible to draw any conclusions regarding frequency, risk factors, and outcome, but the overall prognosis for newborns seems good. Because it can be associated with potentially severe neonatal infections, autoimmune neutropenia in childbearing mothers should be closely monitored in collaboration with gynecologists and pediatricians.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA