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1.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(7): e008959, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32600108

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) readmission is common post-transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Nonetheless, limited data are available regarding its predictors and clinical impact. This study evaluated the incidence, predictors, and impact of HF readmission within 1-year post-TAVR, and assessed the effects of the prescription of HF therapies at discharge on the risk of HF readmission and death. METHODS: Patients included in the TAVR registry of a single expert center from 2009 to 2017 were analyzed. Competing-risk and Cox regressions were performed to identify predictors of HF readmission and death. RESULTS: Among 750 patients, 102 (13.6%) were readmitted for HF within 1-year post-TAVR. Overall, 53 patients (7.1%) experienced late readmissions (>30 days post-TAVR), and 17 (2.3%) had multiple readmissions. In ≈30% of readmissions, no trigger could be identified. Predominant causes of readmissions were changes in medication/nonadherence and supraventricular arrhythmia. Independent predictors of HF readmission included diabetes mellitus, chronic lung disease, previous acute HF, grade III or IV aortic regurgitation, and pulmonary hypertension both at discharge from the index hospitalization but not HF therapies. Overall, HF readmission did not significantly impact all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR], 1.36 [95% CI, 0.99-1.85]). However, late (HR, 1.90 [95% CI, 1.30-2.78]) and multiple HF readmissions (HR, 2.10 [95% CI,1.17-3.76]) were significantly associated with all-cause mortality. Prescription of renin-angiotensin system inhibitors at discharge was associated with a lower rate of all-cause mortality, especially among patients receiving doses of 25% to <50% (HR, 0.67 [95% CI, 0.48-0.94]) and 75% to 100% (HR, 0.61 [95% CI, 0.37-0.98]) of the optimal daily dose. CONCLUSIONS: HF readmission is common within 1-year of TAVR. Late and multiple HF readmissions associate with an increased risk of long-term all-cause mortality. Baseline comorbidities (diabetes, chronic lung disease, previous acute HF) and echocardiographic findings at discharge (grade III or IV aortic regurgitation, pulmonary hypertension) identified patients at high risk of HF readmission.

2.
Perfusion ; : 267659120924921, 2020 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32650695

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this aortic stenosis registry was to investigate the changes of routine echocardiographic indices and strain in patients with moderate-to-severe aortic stenosis over a 6-month follow-up period. METHODS: Our aortic stenosis registry is observational, prospective, multicenter registry of nine countries, with 197 patients with aortic valve area less than 1.5 cm2. The enrolment took place from January to August 2017. We excluded patients with uncontrolled atrial arrhythmias, pulmonary hypertension or cardiomyopathies, as well as those with hemodynamically significant valvular disease other than aortic stenosis. We included patients who did not require intervention and who had a complete follow-up study. RESULTS: In patients with preserved ejection fraction, left ventricular mass has significantly increased between baseline and follow-up studies (218 ± 34 grams vs 253 ± 29 grams, p = 0.02). However, when indexed to body surface area, there was no significant difference. Left ventricular global longitudinal strain significantly decreased (-19.7 ± -4.8 vs (-16.4 vs -3.8, p = 0.01). Left atrial volume was significantly higher at follow-up (p = 0.035). Right ventricular basal diameter and mid-cavity diameter were greater at the follow-up (p = 0.04 and p = 0.035, respectively). Patients with low-flow low-gradient aortic stenosis had significantly lower global longitudinal strain (-12.3% ± -3.9% vs -19.7% ± -4.8%, p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: Left atrial dilatation is one of the first changes to take place in low-flow low-gradient aortic stenosis patients even when left ventricular dimensions and function remains intact. Global longitudinal strain is an important determinant of left ventricular systolic and diastolic dysfunction and right ventricular function is an important parameter of aortic stenosis assessment. Accordingly, our registry has further shed the light on these indices role as multisite follow-up of aortic stenosis.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32556199

RESUMO

AIMS: To describe the cardiac abnormalities in patients with COVID-19 and identify the characteristics of patients who would benefit most from echocardiography. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a prospective international survey, we captured echocardiography findings in patients with presumed or confirmed COVID-19 between 3 and 20 April 2020. Patient characteristics, indications, findings, and impact of echocardiography on management were recorded. Multivariable logistic regression identified predictors of echocardiographic abnormalities. A total of 1216 patients [62 (52-71) years, 70% male] from 69 countries across six continents were included. Overall, 667 (55%) patients had an abnormal echocardiogram. Left and right ventricular abnormalities were reported in 479 (39%) and 397 (33%) patients, respectively, with evidence of new myocardial infarction in 36 (3%), myocarditis in 35 (3%), and takotsubo cardiomyopathy in 19 (2%). Severe cardiac disease (severe ventricular dysfunction or tamponade) was observed in 182 (15%) patients. In those without pre-existing cardiac disease (n = 901), the echocardiogram was abnormal in 46%, and 13% had severe disease. Independent predictors of left and right ventricular abnormalities were distinct, including elevated natriuretic peptides [adjusted odds ratio (OR) 2.96, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.75-5.05) and cardiac troponin (OR 1.69, 95% CI 1.13-2.53) for the former, and severity of COVID-19 symptoms (OR 3.19, 95% CI 1.73-6.10) for the latter. Echocardiography changed management in 33% of patients. CONCLUSION: In this global survey, cardiac abnormalities were observed in half of all COVID-19 patients undergoing echocardiography. Abnormalities were often unheralded or severe, and imaging changed management in one-third of patients.

5.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2020 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32424988

RESUMO

AIMS: In heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), microvascular inflammation is proposed as an underlying mechanism. Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is associated with vascular dysfunction and prognosis in congestive HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: MPO, MPO-related biomarkers, and echocardiography were assessed in 86 patients, 4-8 weeks after presentation with acute HF (EF ≥ 45%), and in 46 healthy controls. Patients were followed up for median 579 days (Q1;Q3 276;1178) regarding the composite endpoint all-cause mortality or HF hospitalization. Patients were 73 years old, 51% were female, EF was 64% (Q1;Q3 58;68), E/e' was ratio 10.8 (8.3;14.0), and left atrial volume index (LAVI) was 43 mL/m2 (38;52). Controls were 60 (57;62) years old (vs. patients; P < 0.001), 24% were female (P = 0.005), and left ventricular EF was 63% (59;66; P = 0.790). MPO was increased in HFpEF compared with controls, 101 (81;132) vs. 86 (74;101 ng/mL, P = 0.015), as was uric acid 369 (314;439) vs. 289 (252;328 µmol/L, P < 0.001), calprotectin, asymmetric dimethyl arginine (ADMA), and symmetric dimethyl arginine (SDMA), while arginine was decreased. MPO correlated with uric acid (r = 0.26; P = 0.016). In patients with E/e' > 14, uric acid and SDMA were elevated (421 vs. 344 µM, P = 0.012; 0.54 vs. 0.47 µM, P = 0.039, respectively), and MPO was 121 vs. 98 ng/mL (P = 0.090). The ratios of arginine/ADMA (112 vs. 162; P < 0.001) and ADMA/SDMA (1.36 vs. 1.17; P = 0.002) were decreased in HFpEF patients, suggesting reduced NO availability and increased enzymatic clearance of ADMA, respectively. Uric acid independently predicted the endpoint [hazard ratio (HR) 3.76 (95% CI 1.19-11.85; P = 0.024)] but not MPO [HR 1.48 (95% CI 0.70-3.14; P = 0.304)] or the other biomarkers. CONCLUSIONS: In HFpEF, MPO-dependent oxidative stress reflected by uric acid and calprotectin is increased, and SDMA is associated with diastolic dysfunction and uric acid with outcome. This suggests microvascular neutrophil involvement mirroring endothelial dysfunction, a central component of the HFpEF syndrome and a potential treatment target.

7.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 2020 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32409103

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a complex syndrome at the crossroads of multiple co-morbidities; there is no valid treatment for this condition. Defining new phenotypes could play a role in improving treatment and prognosis. AIM: To identify groups with different pathophysiologies by applying a clustering approach to a multicentric cohort of patients with HFpEF. METHODS: A total of 538 patients from the multicentre KaRen study were included. Accurate clinical, biological and ultrasound data are available, with a mean follow-up of 28 months. Based on a clustering analysis, the population was separated into groups based on 55 variables, comparing distribution of deaths and hospitalizations between groups. RESULTS: Three clusters were identified from 356 analysable patients (mean age 76.1±9.31 years; 43.5% men): cluster 1 (n=128) comprised overweight, relatively young men at high cardiovascular risk, in sinus rhythm, with altered renal function; cluster 2 (n=134) comprised women, most of whom had conserved left ventricular function; cluster 3 (n=94) had the highest incidence of mitral regurgitation, atrial remodelling and rhythm disorders. There were no significant differences, only a trend towards early mortality in cluster 3. CONCLUSIONS: Clustering analysis seems to be effective at individualizing subgroups with different physiopathologies in HFpEF. The clinical relevance of these phenotypes needs to be studied, and may concern treatment strategy more than prognostic differences.

9.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 113(5): 321-331, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32249166

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of left ventricular non-compaction (LVNC) is challenging, and different imaging techniques propose different criteria. AIM: To compare the value of two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (2D-TTE) and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) criteria in diagnosing LVNC, and to test a new trabecular quantification method obtained by 2D-TTE, exploring its relationship with CMR non-compacted mass quantification. METHODS: From a multicentre French study, we selected 48 patients with LVNC and 20 with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) who underwent 2D-TTE and CMR. Current 2D-TTE (Jenni et al.) and CMR criteria (Petersen et al., Jacquier et al.), were tested. A new 2D-TTE method of trabecular quantification (percentage of trabecular area) was also proposed, and compared with current criteria. RESULTS: The best cut-off values for the diagnosis of LVNC were a non-compacted/compacted ratio≥2.3 (Petersen et al.), a trabeculated left ventricular mass≥20% (Jacquier et al.) and a non-compacted/compacted ratio≥1.8 (Jenni et al.). Lowering the threshold for the criterion of Jenni et al. from>2 to ≥1.8 improved its sensitivity from 69% to 98%. The 2D-TTE percentage of trabecular area was 25.9±8% in the LVNC group vs. 9.9±4.4% in the DCM group (P<0.05), and was well correlated with CMR non-compacted mass (r=0.65; P<0.05). A 15.8% threshold value for 2D-TTE percentage of trabecular area predicted LVNC diagnosis with a specificity of 95% and a sensitivity of 92%; its sensitivity was better than that for the criteria of Jenni et al. (P<0.01) and Petersen et al. (P=0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Revision of the current threshold for the criterion of Jenni et al. from>2 to ≥1.8 is necessary to improve LVNC diagnosis in patients with left ventricular dysfunction. A new 2D-TTE trabecular quantification method improves TTE diagnosis of LVNC.

10.
Am J Cardiol ; 125(12): 1856-1862, 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32305222

RESUMO

The noninvasive assessment of myocardial work (MW) by pressure-strain loops analysis (PSL) is a relative new tool for the evaluation of myocardial performance. Sacubitril/Valsartan is a treatment for heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) which has a spectacular effect on the reduction of cardiovascular events (major adverse cardiovascular events [MACEs]). This study aimed to evaluate the short- and medium-term effect of Sacubitril/Valsartan treatment on MW parameters and the prognostic value of MW in this specific group of patients. Seventy-nine patients with HFrEF (mean age: 66 ± 12 years; LV ejection fraction: 28% ± 9%) were prospectively included in the study and treated with Sacubitril/Valsartan. Echocardiographic examination was performed at baseline, and after 6- and 12-month of therapy with Sacubitril/Valsartan. Sacubitril/Valsartan significantly increased myocardial constructive work (CW) (1023 ± 449 vs 1424 ± 484 mm Hg%, p <0.0001) and myocardial work efficiency (WE) [87 (78to 90) vs 90 (86 to 95), p <0.0001]. During FU (2.6 ± 0.9 years), MACEs occurred in 13 (16%) patients. After correction for LV size, LV ejection fraction and WE, global myocardial constructive work (CW) was the only predictor of MACEs [hazard ratio [HR] 0.99 (0.99 to 1.00), p = 0.04]. A CW <910 mm Hg identified patients at particularly increase risk of MACEs [HR 11.09 (1.45 to 98.94), p = 0.002, log-rank test p <0.0001]. In conclusion, in patients with HFrEF who receive a comprehensive background beta-blocker and mineral-corticoid receptor antagonist therapy, Sacubitril/Valsartan induces a significant improvement of myocardial CW and WE. In this population, the estimation of CW before the initiation of Sacubitril/Valsartan allows the prediction of MACEs.

11.
Heart ; 106(14): 1041-1042, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32341136
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32259844

RESUMO

AIMS : To obtain the normal range for 2D echocardiographic (2DE) measurements of left ventricular (LV) layer-specific strain from a large group of healthy volunteers of both genders over a wide range of ages. METHODS AND RESULTS : A total of 287 (109 men, mean age: 46 ± 14 years) healthy subjects were enrolled at 22 collaborating institutions of the EACVI Normal Reference Ranges for Echocardiography (NORRE) study. Layer-specific strain was analysed from the apical two-, three-, and four-chamber views using 2DE software. The lowest values of layer-specific strain calculated as ±1.96 standard deviations from the mean were -15.0% in men and -15.6% in women for epicardial strain, -16.8% and -17.7% for mid-myocardial strain, and -18.7% and -19.9% for endocardial strain, respectively. Basal-epicardial and mid-myocardial strain decreased with age in women (epicardial; P = 0.008, mid-myocardial; P = 0.003) and correlated with age (epicardial; r = -0.20, P = 0.007, mid-myocardial; r = -0.21, P = 0.006, endocardial; r = -0.23, P = 0.002), whereas apical-epicardial, mid-myocardial strain increased with the age in women (epicardial; P = 0.006, mid-myocardial; P = 0.03) and correlated with age (epicardial; r = 0.16, P = 0.04). End/Epi ratio at the apex was higher than at the middle and basal levels of LV in men (apex; 1.6 ± 0.2, middle; 1.2 ± 0.1, base 1.1 ± 0.1) and women (apex; 1.6 ± 0.1, middle; 1.1 ± 0.1, base 1.2 ± 0.1). CONCLUSION : The NORRE study provides useful 2DE reference ranges for novel indices of layer-specific strain.

14.
PLoS One ; 15(3): e0229609, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32126071

RESUMO

This paper proposes a model-based estimation of left ventricular (LV) pressure for the evaluation of constructive and wasted myocardial work of patients with aortic stenosis (AS). A model of the cardiovascular system is proposed, including descriptions of i) cardiac electrical activity, ii) elastance-based cardiac cavities, iii) systemic and pulmonary circulations and iv) heart valves. After a sensitivity analysis of model parameters, an identification strategy was implemented using a Monte-Carlo cross-validation approach. Parameter identification procedure consists in two steps for the estimation of LV pressures: step 1) from invasive, intraventricular measurements and step 2) from non-invasive data. The proposed approach was validated on data obtained from 12 patients with AS. The total relative errors between estimated and measured pressures were on average 11.9% and 12.27% and mean R2 were equal to 0.96 and 0.91, respectively for steps 1 and 2 of parameter identification strategy. Using LV pressures obtained from non-invasive measurements (step 2) and patient-specific simulations, Global Constructive (GCW), Wasted (GWW) myocardial Work and Global Work Efficiency (GWE) parameters were calculated. Correlations between measures and model-based estimations were 0.88, 0.80, 0.91 respectively for GCW, GWW and GWE. The main contributions concern the proposal of the parameter identification procedure, applied on an integrated cardiovascular model, able to reproduce LV pressure specifically to each AS patient, by non-invasive procedures, as well as a new method for the non-invasive estimation of constructive, wasted myocardial work and work efficiency in AS.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Modelos Cardiovasculares , Pressão Ventricular/fisiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Simulação por Computador , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Método de Monte Carlo , Contração Miocárdica/fisiologia , Modelagem Computacional Específica para o Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia
15.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 22(3): 391-412, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32133741

RESUMO

Making a firm diagnosis of chronic heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) remains a challenge. We recommend a new stepwise diagnostic process, the 'HFA-PEFF diagnostic algorithm'. Step 1 (P=Pre-test assessment) is typically performed in the ambulatory setting and includes assessment for heart failure symptoms and signs, typical clinical demographics (obesity, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, elderly, atrial fibrillation), and diagnostic laboratory tests, electrocardiogram, and echocardiography. In the absence of overt non-cardiac causes of breathlessness, HFpEF can be suspected if there is a normal left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction, no significant heart valve disease or cardiac ischaemia, and at least one typical risk factor. Elevated natriuretic peptides support, but normal levels do not exclude a diagnosis of HFpEF. The second step (E: Echocardiography and Natriuretic Peptide Score) requires comprehensive echocardiography and is typically performed by a cardiologist. Measures include mitral annular early diastolic velocity (e'), LV filling pressure estimated using E/e', left atrial volume index, LV mass index, LV relative wall thickness, tricuspid regurgitation velocity, LV global longitudinal systolic strain, and serum natriuretic peptide levels. Major (2 points) and Minor (1 point) criteria were defined from these measures. A score ≥5 points implies definite HFpEF; ≤1 point makes HFpEF unlikely. An intermediate score (2-4 points) implies diagnostic uncertainty, in which case Step 3 (F1 : Functional testing) is recommended with echocardiographic or invasive haemodynamic exercise stress tests. Step 4 (F2 : Final aetiology) is recommended to establish a possible specific cause of HFpEF or alternative explanations. Further research is needed for a better classification of HFpEF.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187352

RESUMO

AIMS: Fifteen to thirty percentage of patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) have preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and a discordant AS pattern at Doppler echocardiography, which is characterized by a small (<1 cm2) aortic area and low mean aortic gradient (<40 mmHg). The 'Randomized study for the Optimal Treatment of symptomatic patients with low-gradient severe Aortic Stenosis and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction' (ROTAS trial) aims at demonstrating the superiority of aortic valve replacement vs. a 'watchful waiting strategy' in symptomatic patients with low-gradient (LS), severe AS, and preserved LVEF, stratified according to indexed stroke volume, in terms of all-cause mortality or cardiovascular-related hospitalization during follow-up (FU). METHODS AND RESULTS: The ROTAS trial will be a multicentre randomized non-blinded study involving 16 reference centres. AS severity will be confirmed by a multimodality approach (rest and stress echocardiography, calcium scoring, and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging for optimally characterize the population), which could provide important inputs to improve the pathophysiological understanding of this complex disease. Well-characterized patients will be randomized according to the management strategy. The primary endpoint will be the occurrence of all-cause mortality or cardiac related-hospitalizations during 2-year FU. One hundred and eighty subjects per group will be included. CONCLUSION: The management of patients with LS severe AS and preserved LVEF is largely debated. ROTAS trial will allow a comprehensive evaluation of this particular pattern of AS and will establish which is the most appropriate management of these patients.

17.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32006155

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Estimated plasma volume status (ePVS) has diagnostic and prognostic value in patients with heart failure (HF). However, it remains unclear which congestion markers (i.e., biological, imaging, and hemodynamic markers) are preferentially associated with ePVS. In addition, there is evidence of sex differences in both the hematopoietic process and myocardial structure/function. METHOD AND RESULTS: Patients with significant dyspnea (NYHA ≥ 2) underwent echocardiography and lung ultrasound within 4 h prior to cardiac catheterization. Patients were divided according to tertiles based on sex-specific ePVS thresholds calculated from hemoglobin and hematocrit measurements using Duarte's formula. Among the 78 included patients (median age 74.5 years; males 69.2%; HF 48.7%), median ePVS was 4.1 (percentile25-75 = 3.7-4.9) mL/g in males (N = 54) and 4.8 (4.4-5.3) mL/g in females (N = 24). Patients with the highest ePVS had more frequently HF, higher NT-proBNP, larger left atrial volume, and higher E/e' (all p values < 0.05), but no difference in inferior vena cava diameter or pulmonary congestion assessed by lung ultrasound (all p values > 0.10). In multivariable analysis, higher E/e' and lower diastolic blood pressure were significantly associated with increased ePVS. The association between ePVS and congestion variables was not sex-dependent except for left-ventricular end-diastolic pressure, which was only correlated with ePVS in females (Spearman Rho = 0.53, p < 0.01 in females and Spearman Rho = - 0.04, p = 0.76 in males; pinteraction = 0.08). CONCLUSION: ePVS is associated with E/e' regardless of sex, while only associated with invasively measured left-ventricular end-diastolic pressure in females. These results suggest that ePVS is preferably associated with left-sided hemodynamic markers of congestion.

18.
Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 21(6): 619-628, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32031587

RESUMO

AIMS : Investigating the acute impact of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) on regional myocardial work distribution in the left ventricle (LV) and to which extent it is related to long-term reverse remodelling. METHODS AND RESULTS : One hundred and thirty heart failure patients, referred for CRT implantation, were recruited in our prospective multicentre study. Regional myocardial work was calculated from non-invasive segmental stress-strain loop area before and immediately after CRT. The magnitude of volumetric reverse remodelling was determined from the change in LV end-systolic volume, 11 ± 2 months after implantation. CRT caused acute redistribution of myocardial work across the LV, with an increase in septal work, and decrease in LV lateral wall work (all P < 0.05). Amongst all LV walls, the acute change in work in the septum and lateral wall of the four-chamber view correlated best and significantly with volumetric reverse remodelling (r = 0.62, P < 0.0001), with largest change seen in patients with most volumetric reverse remodelling. In multivariate linear regression analysis, including conventional parameters, such as pre-implant QRS morphology and duration, LV ejection fraction, ischaemic origin of cardiomyopathy, and the redistribution of work across the septal and lateral walls, the latter appeared as the strongest determinant of volumetric reverse remodelling after CRT (model R2 = 0.414, P < 0.0001). CONCLUSION : The acute redistribution of regional myocardial work between the septal and lateral wall of the LV is an important determinant of reverse remodelling after CRT implantation. Our data suggest that the treatment of the loading imbalance should, therefore, be the main aim of CRT.

19.
ESC Heart Fail ; 7(2): 445-455, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31981321

RESUMO

AIMS: Neuregulin1-ß (NRG1-ß) is released from microvascular endothelial cells in response to inflammation with compensatory cardioprotective effects. Circulating NRG1-ß is elevated in heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) but not studied in HF with preserved EF (HFpEF). METHODS AND RESULTS: Circulating NRG1-ß was quantified in 86 stable patients with HFpEF (EF ≥45% and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide >300 ng/L), in 86 patients with HFrEF prior to and after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) and/or heart transplantation (HTx) and in 21 healthy controls. Association between NRG1-ß and the composite outcome of all-cause mortality/HF hospitalization in HFpEF and all-cause mortality/HTx/LVAD implantation in HFrEF with and without ischaemia assessed as macrovascular coronary artery disease was assessed. In HFpEF, median (25th-75th percentile) NRG1-ß was 6.5 (2.1-11.3) ng/mL; in HFrEF, 3.6 (2.1-7.6) ng/mL (P = 0.035); after LVAD, 1.7 (0.9-3.6) ng/mL; after HTx 2.1 (1.4-3.6) ng/mL (overall P < 0.001); and in controls, 29.0 (23.1-34.3) ng/mL (P = 0.001). In HFrEF, higher NRG1-ß was associated with worse outcomes (hazard ratio per log increase 1.45, 95% confidence interval 1.04-2.03, P = 0.029), regardless of ischaemia. In HFpEF, the association of NRG1-ß with outcomes was modified by ischaemia (log-rank P = 0.020; Pinteraction = 0.553) such that only in ischaemic patients, higher NRG1-ß was related to worse outcomes. In contrast, in patients without ischaemia, higher NRG1-ß trended towards better outcomes (hazard ratio 0.71, 95% confidence interval 0.48-1.05, P = 0.085). CONCLUSIONS: Neuregulin1-ß was reduced in HFpEF and further reduced in HFrEF. The opposing relationships of NRG1-ß with outcomes in non-ischaemic HFpEF compared with HFrEF and ischaemic HFpEF may indicate compensatory increases of cardioprotective NRG1-ß from microvascular endothelial dysfunction in the former (non-ischaemic HFpEF), but this compensatory mechanism is overwhelmed by the presence of ischaemia in the latter (HFrEF and ischaemic HFpEF).

20.
Heart ; 106(5): 342-349, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31911501

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a heterogeneous syndrome. We aimed to derive HFpEF phenotype-based groups ('phenogroups') based on clinical and echocardiogram data using machine learning, and to compare clinical characteristics, proteomics and outcomes across the phenogroups. METHODS: We applied model-based clustering to 32 echocardiogram and 11 clinical and laboratory variables collected in stable condition from 320 HFpEF outpatients in the Karolinska-Rennes cohort study (56% female, median 78 years (IQR: 71-83)). Baseline proteomics and the composite end point of all-cause mortality or heart failure (HF) hospitalisation were used in secondary analyses. RESULTS: We identified six phenogroups, for which significant differences in the prevalence of concomitant atrial fibrillation (AF), anaemia and kidney disease were observed (p<0.05). Fifteen out of 86 plasma proteins differed between phenogroups (false discovery rate, FDR<0.05), including biomarkers of HF, AF and kidney function. The composite end point was significantly different between phenogroups (log-rank p<0.001), at short-term (100 days), mid-term (18 months) and longer-term follow-up (1000 days). Phenogroup 2 was older, with poorer diastolic and right ventricular function and higher burden of risk factors as AF (85%), hypertension (83%) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (30%). In this group a third experienced the primary outcome to 100 days, and two-thirds to 18 months (HR (95% CI) versus phenogroups 1, 3, 4, 5, 6: 1.5 (0.8-2.9); 5.7 (2.6-12.8); 2.9 (1.5-5.6); 2.7 (1.6-4.6); 2.1 (1.2-3.9)). CONCLUSIONS: Using machine learning we identified distinct HFpEF phenogroups with differential characteristics and outcomes, as well as differential levels of inflammatory and cardiovascular proteins.

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