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1.
Ital J Dermatol Venerol ; 156(1): 89-91, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33858126

RESUMO

Lentigo maligna (LM) is usually diagnosed in sun-damaged skin of elderly patients and a correct excision of the lesion determines a complete healing from the disease. LM is very rare in young patients and, for this reason, it can be commonly misdiagnosed. We describe the case of a locally recurrent LM in a 19-year-old male patient, which initially arose at the age of 17 years. In order to avoid diagnostic pitfalls, clinicians have to put more emphasis on diseases which previously were prerogative only of elderly patients and that now could begin to engage a younger age, according to climate and behavior changes.


Assuntos
Sarda Melanótica de Hutchinson , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Humanos , Sarda Melanótica de Hutchinson/diagnóstico , Masculino , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Adulto Jovem
2.
J Breast Cancer ; 24(1): 117-121, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33634626

RESUMO

Ribociclib is a selective cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitor that has been approved in combination with endocrine therapy for the treatment of hormone receptor-positive/human epidermal growth factor 2-negative advanced or metastatic breast cancer. The main dermatological adverse events associated with CDK 4/6 inhibitors that are described in the literature include skin rash, an increased risk of alopecia, and stomatitis. Erythema dyschromicum perstans (EDP), also known as ashy dermatosis, is characterized by acquired small and large slate-gray hyperpigmented macules with erythematous borders. There are currently no published reports of EDP-like or pigmentary changes induced by CDK 4/6 inhibitors. This report describes the first case of EDP-like pigmentation associated with ribociclib therapy.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32257968

RESUMO

E7 protein from cutaneous as well as mucosal HPV types can alter NF-κB activity. Conflicting literature data show a HPV-induced up- or down-regulation of the NF-κB pathway in different cell lines. In a previous study we detected the expression of E7 gene of HPV15 in a subungual tumor of a patient affected by incontinentia pigmenti (IP). IP is a rare X-linked genodermatosis in which the IKKγ gene is altered. From observations in transgenic IKKγ defective mice, it was suggested that IKK-deficient cells may undergo rapid hyper-proliferation and apoptosis/necrosis, leading to increased pro-inflammatory cytokine production in the neighboring IKK-positive cells. The objective of this study was to ascertain if beta HPV 15 can alter apoptosis and NF-κB pathway in normal and IKKγ-deficient keratinocytes. The human immortalized keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT), and human primary keratinocyte (HPK) cells were transduced with a retrovirus expressing E6-E7 proteins of HPV 15 and IKKγ was successful silenced mimicking the HPV15 infection and IP. HPV15 E6-E7 gene expression improved NF-κB activity in human keratinocytes even when IKKγ was silenced by siRNA. In IKKγ silenced keratinocyte cells, TNF-α-induced apoptosis was strongly reduced by the expression of HPV15 E6-E7 genes. Beta HPV15 exerted this anti-apoptotic activity by decreasing pro-apoptotic BAK and cleaved Caspase 3 proteins. In conclusion, we can speculate that presence of persistent infection by beta papillomavirus might influence the biological fate of IP by altering NF-κB activation and apoptosis in IKKγ mutated cells, favoring their survival and possibly the development of tumors in the late stage of disease. Taken together, our data reinforce the importance of host genetic background in the pathogenesis of HPV-associated skin lesions.


Assuntos
NF-kappa B , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Apoptose , Humanos , Queratinócitos , Papillomaviridae
8.
Anticancer Res ; 39(8): 4085-4093, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366492

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The identification of novel prognostic biomarkers for melanoma metastasis is essential to improve patient outcomes. To this aim, we characterized miRNA expression profiles in relation to metastasis in melanoma and correlated miRNAs expression with clinical-pathological factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MiR-145-5p, miR-150-5p, miR-182-5p, miR-203-3p, miR-205-5p and miR-211-5p expression levels were analyzed in primary cutaneous melanomas, including thin and thick melanomas, and in melanoma metastases by quantitative Real-Time PCR. RESULTS: A significantly lower miR-205-5p expression was found in metastases compared to primary melanomas. Furthermore, a progressive down-regulation of miR-205-5p expression was observed from loco-regional to distant metastasis. Significantly lower miR-145-5p and miR-203-3p expression levels were found in cases with Breslow thickness >1 mm, high Clark level, ulceration and mitotic rate ≥1/mm2 Conclusion: Our findings point to miR-205-5p as potential biomarker of distant metastases and to miR-145-5p and miR-203-3p as markers of aggressiveness in melanoma.


Assuntos
Melanoma/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias Cutâneas/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Melanoma/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia
12.
Oncotarget ; 9(63): 32173-32181, 2018 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30181807

RESUMO

Background: A high percentage of patients with thin melanoma (TM), defined as lesions with Breslow thickness ≤1 mm, presents excellent long-term survival, however, some patients develop metastases. Existing prognostic factors cannot reliably differentiate TM patients at risk for metastases. Objective: We aimed at characterizing the clinical-pathologic and mutation profile of metastatic and not-metastatic TM in order to distinguish lesions at risk of metastases. Methods: Clinical-pathologic characteristics were recorded for the TM cases analyzed. We used a Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) multi-gene panel to characterize TM for multiple somatic mutations. Results: A statistically significant association emerged between the presence of metastases and Breslow thickness ≥0.6 mm (p=0.003). None of TM with lymph-node involvement had Breslow thickness <0.6 mm. Somatic mutations were identified in 19 of 21 TM analyzed (90.5%). No mutations were observed in two not-metastatic cases with the lowest Breslow thickness (≤0.4 mm), whereas mutations in more than one gene were detected in one metastatic case with the highest Breslow thickness (1.00 mm). Conclusion: Our study indicates Breslow thickness ≥0.6 mm as a valid prognostic factor to distinguish TM at risk for metastases.

14.
G Ital Dermatol Venereol ; 153(3): 429-431, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27598618

RESUMO

Pathologists who find ectopic glands on the glans and/or on the prepuce, often describe them as Tyson's glands. In this regard, the term Tyson's glands can be replaced by two different descriptive expressions: papillomatosis corona penis and ectopic sebaceous glands. A 15-year-old Caucasian male patient presented to our Institute with multiple and asymptomatic circular skin colored-to-yellowish papules at the level of the foreskin, also affecting the shaft of the penis, where they assumed a linear feature. The histological examination revealed hyperplastic and dilated sebaceous glands, while in some areas these glands showed also a direct attachment with the epidermis. A lymphocytic infiltrate was also observed in one of the two specimens. A final diagnosis of linear ectopic sebaceous hyperplasia of the penis was made. According to the current report, the ectopic sebaceous hyperplasia of the penis can have a circular and a linear patter, as well as the presence and the absence of a lymphoid infiltrate. A correct clinical and pathological diagnosis are necessary to avoid unnecessary treatments and worries in the patients. In fact, not infrequently, this condition is confused with dermatological diseases as molluscum contagiosum, epithelioid granuloma, lymphangioma circumscriptum, multiple syringomas, lichen planus, and bowenoid papulosis.


Assuntos
Prepúcio do Pênis/patologia , Doenças do Pênis/diagnóstico , Glândulas Sebáceas/patologia , Adolescente , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Hiperplasia/patologia , Masculino , Doenças do Pênis/patologia
15.
Oncotarget ; 9(95): 36736-36749, 2018 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30613363

RESUMO

Psoriasis is a diffuse chronic skin disorder characterized from accelerated epidermal turnover and inflammatory cell infiltrate. Retinoids influence keratinocyte proliferation and differentiation as well as inflammatory response. Cellular retinol binding protein (CRBPI) regulates intracellular vitamin A bioavailability and contributes to maintain skin homeostasis. The aim of present study was to investigate the expression of CRBPI and its role in the pathogenesis of skin psoriasis. Immunohistochemistry revealed more diffuse and increased CRBPI expression in all epidermal layers of human psoriatic lesions except in the stratum corneum. An imiquimod-induced psoriatic-like model documented the increase of skin lesional area and severity index score as well as of the severity of microscopic features as parakeratosis, papillomatosis and spongiosis in CRBPI-knockout compared to wild-type mice, associated to the increased keratinocyte CK17 and Ki-67 expression and the reduction of CK1, CRABPII and RXRα. Gene array of imiquimod-induced psoriatic skin documented the greater up-regulation of EGF/PDGF-related genes and down-regulation of EGR1 and pro-inflammatory IL-related genes in CRBPI-knockout compared to wild-type mice. Finally, CRBPI transfection in HaCaT cells increased AKT and NF-κB-related genes and proteins and down-regulated IL-2, IL-6 and IL-8 pro-inflammatory signalling. Although not recognized as a psoriatic susceptibility gene in our cohort of patients, the present data strongly supported the potential role of CRBPI to sustain keratinocyte proliferation and differentiation and to counteract pro-inflammatory genes expression in psoriatic lesions.

20.
Exp Clin Transplant ; 15(1): 100-102, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25924010

RESUMO

Nonmelanoma skin cancers are the most common malignancies in transplant recipients under immunosuppression; nevertheless, appendage tumors also may appear. The onset of several cutaneous neoplasms in transplant patients can cause deterioration in quality of life of these patients. A 62-year-old white woman patient developed several malignant and benign sebaceous neoplasms during an immunosuppressive treatment for a renal transplant. The genetic study showed a mutation in MSH6-eson 1 (c116G>A), without mutations in MLH1 gene and MSH2. A final diagnosis of multiple sebaceous tumors in an immunosuppressed patient without Muir -Torre syndrome was made. The spreading of further cutaneous neoplasms led to a change in immunosuppression: namely, that clinicians suspended tacrolimus and add everolimus. After 2 months, all tumor lesions on the face and on the limbs have disappeared, and no further lesions occurred. Everolimus could represent a valid therapeutical treatment for transplant patients at high risk for cutaneous tumors. A genetic consult and a consequent study of the genetic profile should be performed on each of these patients, to avoid risks of recurrent cutaneous tumors and negative effects on the quality of life.


Assuntos
Everolimo/administração & dosagem , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias das Glândulas Sebáceas/induzido quimicamente , Tacrolimo/efeitos adversos , Biópsia , Substituição de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias das Glândulas Sebáceas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias das Glândulas Sebáceas/imunologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
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