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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 785: 147316, 2021 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33932675

RESUMO

The conservation level of rare waterbirds reflects the quality of the regional ecological environment and wetlands, and suitable habitat patches and good environmental conditions are bases to support the activities of rare species in habitats. Establishing these conditions is also an important goal of habitat landscape and functional restoration. However, lack of these conditions limits population protection and habitat restoration of rare species. Based on the random forest (RF) algorithm and threshold indicator taxa analysis (TITAN), this paper performed habitat suitability assessment and environmental variable threshold analysis of rare waterbird species in Yancheng coastal wetlands. The results showed that the suitable area proportion of three waterbird species at different habitat sites was less than 20%. The unsuitable area proportions of red-crowned cranes and oriental storks at the CA habitat site were the highest, reaching 86.73% and 85.17%, respectively. In addition, analysis of the importance of environmental variables showed that the main influencing variables affecting the suitable habitat distribution of the three rare waterbirds were habitat type (T_hab), habitat area (A_hab), vegetation coverage (P_fvc), distance to farmland (D_far), distance to reeds (D_ree), ponds density (Ponds), distance to water surface (D_wat) and distance to main roads or seawalls (D_swa). These variables covered the type, area, coverage and distance indicators. With the exception of D_far, Ponds and D_swa, rare waterbirds had response thresholds to each environmental indicator, and these results supported the restoration of landscape structure and function of each habitat site. This study emphasized the importance of foods, water resources and hidden conditions for habitat selection in rare waterbirds. Finally, we proposed the maintenance and restoration patterns of the landscape structure and function of rare waterbird habitats, which are available for other coastal tidal wetlands.

2.
J Neuroeng Rehabil ; 18(1): 74, 2021 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33947410

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The key challenge to constructing functional corticomuscular coupling (FCMC) is to accurately identify the direction and strength of the information flow between scalp electroencephalography (EEG) and surface electromyography (SEMG). Traditional TE and TDMI methods have difficulty in identifying the information interaction for short time series as they tend to rely on long and stable data, so we propose a time-delayed maximal information coefficient (TDMIC) method. With this method, we aim to investigate the directional specificity of bidirectional total and nonlinear information flow on FCMC, and to explore the neural mechanisms underlying motor dysfunction in stroke patients. METHODS: We introduced a time-delayed parameter in the maximal information coefficient to capture the direction of information interaction between two time series. We employed the linear and non-linear system model based on short data to verify the validity of our algorithm. We then used the TDMIC method to study the characteristics of total and nonlinear information flow in FCMC during a dorsiflexion task for healthy controls and stroke patients. RESULTS: The simulation results showed that the TDMIC method can better detect the direction of information interaction compared with TE and TDMI methods. For healthy controls, the beta band (14-30 Hz) had higher information flow in FCMC than the gamma band (31-45 Hz). Furthermore, the beta-band total and nonlinear information flow in the descending direction (EEG to EMG) was significantly higher than that in the ascending direction (EMG to EEG), whereas in the gamma band the ascending direction had significantly higher information flow than the descending direction. Additionally, we found that the strong bidirectional information flow mainly acted on Cz, C3, CP3, P3 and CPz. Compared to controls, both the beta-and gamma-band bidirectional total and nonlinear information flows of the stroke group were significantly weaker. There is no significant difference in the direction of beta- and gamma-band information flow in stroke group. CONCLUSIONS: The proposed method could effectively identify the information interaction between short time series. According to our experiment, the beta band mainly passes downward motor control information while the gamma band features upward sensory feedback information delivery. Our observation demonstrate that the center and contralateral sensorimotor cortex play a major role in lower limb motor control. The study further demonstrates that brain damage caused by stroke disrupts the bidirectional information interaction between cortex and effector muscles in the sensorimotor system, leading to motor dysfunction.

3.
BMJ Open ; 11(4): e045433, 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33827842

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between parental socioeconomic status (SES) and the risk of offspring overweight/obesity and the changes of the association that occur as children grow older. DESIGN: We used data from the nationally representative longitudinal survey of the China Family Panel Studies of 2010 and its three follow-up waves in 2012, 2014 and 2016. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 6724 children aged 0-15 years old were included. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Average household income and paternal and maternal education levels were used as SES indicators. Logistic regression model for panel data was used to examine the associations between SES indicators and child overweight/obesity. A restricted cubic spline linear regression model was used to estimate body mass index (BMI) trajectories with child growth across parental SES levels. RESULTS: Compared with the lowest education level (primary school or less), the ORs for fathers who had completed junior high school, senior high school and junior college or higher were 0.85 (95% CI 0.75 to 0.97), 0.77 (95% CI 0.64 to 0.92) and 0.72 (95% CI 0.55 to 0.93), respectively. The corresponding ORs for mothers were 0.76 (95% CI 0.67 to 0.86), 0.59 (95% CI 0.47 to 0.72) and 0.45 (95% CI 0.34 to 0.60), respectively. A negative association between parental education and offspring overweight/obesity was observed in the first 10 years but not in children 11-15 years old. BMI differences across parental education levels emerged from birth and widened before 6-7 years old, but decreased before adolescence. High average household income was related to a low risk of offspring overweight/obesity but not when parental education level was adjusted for. CONCLUSION: High parental education levels were associated with a low risk of offspring overweight/obesity, especially before adolescence. Effective approaches need to be adopted in early childhood to reduce socioeconomic differences in overweight/obesity.

4.
J Int Med Res ; 49(4): 3000605211004681, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33845599

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Few studies have systematically developed predictive models for clinical evaluation of the malignancy risk of solid breast nodules. We performed a retrospective review of female patients who underwent breast surgery or puncture, aiming to establish a predictive model for evaluating the clinical malignancy risk of solid breast nodules. METHOD: Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify independent variables and establish a predictive model based on a model group (207 nodules). The regression model was further validated using a validation group (112 nodules). RESULTS: We identified six independent risk factors (X3, boundary; X4, margin; X6, resistive index; X7, S/L ratio; X9, increase of maximum sectional area; and X14, microcalcification) using multivariate analysis. The combined predictive formula for our model was: Z=-5.937 + 1.435X3 + 1.820X4 + 1.760X6 + 2.312X7 + 3.018X9 + 2.494X14. The accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, missed diagnosis rate, misdiagnosis rate, negative likelihood ratio, and positive likelihood ratio of the model were 88.39%, 90.00%, 87.80%, 10.00%, 12.20%, 7.38, and 0.11, respectively. CONCLUSION: This predictive model is simple, practical, and effective for evaluation of the malignancy risk of solid breast nodules in clinical settings.

5.
PLoS One ; 16(4): e0236684, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33914738

RESUMO

Artificial forms of mechanical limb stimulation are used within multiple fields of study to determine the level of cortical excitability and to map the trajectory of neuronal recovery from cortical damage or disease. Square-wave mechanical or electrical stimuli are often used in these studies, but a characterization of sensory-evoked response properties to square-waves with distinct fundamental frequencies but overlapping harmonics has not been performed. To distinguish between somatic stimuli, the primary somatosensory cortex must be able to represent distinct stimuli with unique patterns of activity, even if they have overlapping features. Thus, mechanical square-wave stimulation was used in conjunction with regional and cellular imaging to examine regional and cellular response properties evoked by different frequencies of stimulation. Flavoprotein autofluorescence imaging was used to map the somatosensory cortex of anaesthetized C57BL/6 mice, and in vivo two-photon Ca2+ imaging was used to define patterns of neuronal activation during mechanical square-wave stimulation of the contralateral forelimb or hindlimb at various frequencies (3, 10, 100, 200, and 300 Hz). The data revealed that neurons within the limb associated somatosensory cortex responding to various frequencies of square-wave stimuli exhibit stimulus-specific patterns of activity. Subsets of neurons were found to have sensory-evoked activity that is either primarily responsive to single stimulus frequencies or broadly responsive to multiple frequencies of limb stimulation. High frequency stimuli were shown to elicit more population activity, with a greater percentage of the population responding and greater percentage of cells with high amplitude responses. Stimulus-evoked cell-cell correlations within these neuronal networks varied as a function of frequency of stimulation, such that each stimulus elicited a distinct pattern that was more consistent across multiple trials of the same stimulus compared to trials at different frequencies of stimulation. The variation in cortical response to different square-wave stimuli can thus be represented by the population pattern of supra-threshold Ca2+ transients, the magnitude and temporal properties of the evoked activity, and the structure of the stimulus-evoked correlation between neurons.

6.
Langmuir ; 37(15): 4532-4539, 2021 04 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33823595

RESUMO

Detection of bovine serum albumin (BSA) is an important issue in the sense of medical applications and enzymatic reactions; however, the recently developed fluorescent probes require the involvement of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), which may be detrimental to proteins. In this study, we demonstrated a DMSO-free and water-soluble fluorescent probe prepared by ionic co-assembly of amphiphiles. The cationic amphiphile is a newly designed molecule (denoted by DPP-12) bearing a conjugated diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) and two tetraphenylethylene groups. It turns out that the fluorescence emission of DPP-12 depends on the amount of anionic amphiphilic sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate (SDBS). The fluorescence intensity first increases and then decreases with the concentration of SDBS, and each branch presents a linear relationship. BSA consumes SDBS by the formation of complexes, thus leading to an increase of fluorescence intensity of the mixed solution of DPP-12 and SDBS. Therefore, the mixed solution of DPP-12 and SDBS was applied as a fluorescent probe to detect the low concentration of BSA by back-titration. This fluorescent probe does not require DMSO and has good tolerance to metal ions in blood and good photostability. The limit of detection is as low as 940 nM, almost 3 orders of magnitude lower than the content in organisms.

7.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(5): 2402-2412, 2021 May 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33884811

RESUMO

The process parameters and sludge properties of an in-situ sludge ozone-reduction system were investigated under different ozone dosages and sludge ages. Subsequently, 75 mg·g-1 (as O3/MLVSS) was selected as the appropriate ozone dosage to satisfy the wastewater treatment capacity and in-situ sludge ozone-reduction. The calibration coefficient results of the sludge yield formula indicated that Yh was reduced from 0.331 g·g-1 to 0.326 g·g-1 (to MLVSS/COD m) by ozone treatment and Kd was increased from 0.046 d-1 to 0.050 d-1 at 75 mg·g-1. The effluent quality of the SBR system was satisfactory when the sludge age was 10 d. The ozone dosage of 75 mg·g-1 and sludge age of 10 d were selected as the appropriate process conditions, at which the excess sludge was reduced by 12%. The high-throughput sequencing results concluded that the microorganisms in the excess sludge after ozonation were different in phylum and genus. After ozone treatment, the abundance of Bacteroidetes increased by 1.2 times and the relative abundance of Proteobacteria with nitrification and denitrification ability decreased from 24% to 18%. The reduction in the abundance of nitrobacteria affected the denitrification capacity of the sewage treatment system, but the total effluent nitrogen still met the I B discharge standard of pollutants for municipal wastewater treatment plants. The relative abundance of Lactococcus increased from 0.4% to 21.6%. Simultaneously, the concentration of macromolecular organic substances in the EPS of the excess sludge increased from 40.6 mg·g-1 to 54.6 mg·g-1, while the CST increased from 15 s to 17 s after ozone treatment. The zeta potential decreased from -10.04 mV to -15.20 mV and the SVI of the excess sludge increased from 54 mL·g-1 to 62 mL·g-1, thereby indicating that the sedimentation performance and dewaterability were affected to some extent. However, the SS of the effluent and the solids content of the sludge cake after extraction did not change significantly, the system could still operate stably, and the subsequent dewaterability of the excess sludge was not significantly affected.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33822578

RESUMO

FeOOH on the real catalytic interface for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is chemically unstable to dissolve in alkaline media. Herein, based on the perspective of the dynamically stable interface, we purposely design the well-dispersed nanorod arrays of CoMoO4 as a host on activated iron foam (IF) to realize the optimal redeposition of FeOOH, constructing a self-sacrificial template rich in the FeOOH surface. Notably, at long-time oxidation potential, the precatalyst FeOOH-CoMoO4 can realize MoO42- dissolution and redeposition of Co oxyhydroxides on FeOOH host simultaneously, constructing a dynamically stable Fe(Co)OOH interface. The introduction of CoOOH improves conductivity and provides synergistic effect with FeOOH to lower the energy barrier for OER and maintain long-time stability, eventually exhibiting a low overpotential of 298 mV to reach the current density of 100 mA cm-2 and high stability over 60 h. This work demonstrates the feasibility of manipulating metal dissolution-redeposition process for a dynamically stable interface.

9.
PLoS One ; 16(3): e0247948, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33661981

RESUMO

With the increasing demand for energy, fracturing technology is widely used in oilfield operations over the last decades. Typically, fracturing fluids contain various additives such as cross linkers, thickeners and proppants, and so forth, which makes it possess the properties of considerably complicated components and difficult processing procedure. There are still some difficult points needing to be explored and resolved in the hydroxypropyl guar gum (HPG) removal process, e.g., high viscosity and removal of macromolecular organic compounds. Our works provided a facile and economical HPG removal technology for fracturing fluids by designing a series of processes including gel-breaking, coagulation and precipitation according to the diffusion double layer theory. After this treatment process, the fracturing fluid can meet the requirements of reinjection, and the whole process was environment friendly without secondary pollution characteristics. In this work, the fracturing fluid were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Energy dispersive X-ray (EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transformed infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy technologies, etc. Further, the micro-stabilization and destabilization mechanisms of HPG in fracturing fluid were carefully investigated. This study maybe opens up new perspective for HPG removal technologies, exhibiting a low cost and strong applicability in both fundamental research and practical applications.

12.
Med Oncol ; 38(5): 49, 2021 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33772655

RESUMO

Increasing evidence demonstrated that alternative splicing (AS) plays a vital role in tumorigenesis and clinical outcome of patient. However, systematical analysis of AS in lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) is lacking and greatly necessary. Thus, this study was to systematically estimate the function of AS events served as prognostic indicators in LUSC. Among 31,345 mRNA AS events in 9633 genes, we detected 1996 AS in 1409 genes which have significant connection with overall survival (OS) of LUSC patients. Then, prognostic model based on seven types of AS events was established and we further constructed a combined prognostic model. The Kaplan-Meier curve results suggested that seven types of AS signatures and the combined prognostic model could exhibit robust performance in predicting prognosis. Patients in the high-risk group had significantly shorter OS than those in the low-risk group. The ROC showed all prognostic models had high accuracy and powerful predictive performance with different AUC ranging from 0.837 to 0.978. Moreover, the combined prognostic model had highest performance in risk stratification and predictive accuracy than single prognostic models and had higher accuracy than other mRNA model. Finally, a significant correlation network between survival-related AS genes and prognostic splicing factors (SFs) was established. In conclusion, our study provided several potential prognostic AS models and constructed splicing network between AS and SFs in LUSC, which could be used as potential indicators and treatment targets for LUSC patients.

13.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 5011, 2021 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33658589

RESUMO

The aims were to identify the possible influencing factors of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and its domain-specific scores in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). A total of 1247 patients with CHD from the Henan Rural Cohort Study (n = 39,259) were included in this study. The Chinese version of the European Quality of Life Five Dimension Five level scale (EQ-5D-5L) and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) were used to evaluate HRQoL in patients with CHD. Tobit regression, generalized linear models and binary logistic regression were applied to determine the potential factors influencing the EQ-5D utility, as well as each domain, and the VAS. CHD patients had lower per capita monthly actual income, and higher rates of diabetes mellitus, stroke, anxiety and poor sleep quality, which significantly decreased EQ-5D index and VAS scores. In addition, sex, older age, education, not having a spouse, ever drinking alcohol, a high-fat diet, physical activity, hypertension and depression affected the various domain-specific EQ-5D scores in CHD patients. CHD patients in rural areas have a lower HRQoL. Factors associated with the EQ-5D index, including each domain, and the VAS need attention. CHD patients in rural areas need to be managed systematically.

14.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 237, 2021 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33731096

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many studies suggest that patient satisfaction is significantly negatively correlated with the waiting time. A well-designed healthcare system should not keep patients waiting too long for an appointment and consultation. However, in China, patients spend notable time waiting, and the actual time spent on diagnosis and treatment in the consulting room is comparatively less. METHODS: We developed an artificial intelligence (AI)-assisted module and name it XIAO YI. It could help outpatients automatically order imaging examinations or laboratory tests based on their chief complaints. Thus, outpatients could get examined or tested before they went to see the doctor. People who saw the doctor in the traditional way were allocated to the conventional group, and those who used XIAO YI were assigned to the AI-assisted group. We conducted a retrospective cohort study from August 1, 2019 to January 31, 2020. Propensity score matching was used to balance the confounding factor between the two groups. And waiting time was defined as the time from registration to preparation for laboratory tests or imaging examinations. The total cost included the registration fee, test fee, examination fee, and drug fee. We used Wilcoxon rank-sum test to compare the differences in time and cost. The statistical significance level was set at 0.05 for two sides. RESULTS: Twelve thousand and three hundred forty-two visits were recruited, consisting of 6171 visits in the conventional group and 6171 visits in the AI-assisted group. The median waiting time was 0.38 (interquartile range: 0.20, 1.33) hours for the AI-assisted group compared with 1.97 (0.76, 3.48) hours for the conventional group (p < 0.05). The total cost was 335.97 (interquartile range: 244.80, 437.60) CNY (Chinese Yuan) for the AI-assisted group and 364.58 (249.70, 497.76) CNY for the conventional group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Using XIAO YI can significantly reduce the waiting time of patients, and thus, improve the outpatient service process of hospitals.

15.
Psychiatr Q ; 2021 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33751356

RESUMO

Schizophrenia is associated with an increased risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS), which is an important risk factor for developing cognitive impairment in the general population. A few case-control studies have explored the relationship between MetS and cognitive deficits in individuals with schizophrenia but with inconsistent findings. This meta-analysis of case-control studies was carried out to explore the association between MetS and cognitive performance in patients with schizophrenia. Only case-control studies assessing the association of cognitive function and MetS in patients with schizophrenia were identified. Cognitive function was assessed using the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) scale. Six case-control studies (n = 992) comparing cognition between patients with schizophrenia with MetS (n = 426) and those without MetS (n = 566) using the RBANS were identified. Compared to patients with schizophrenia without MetS, patients with schizophrenia and MetS had significantly more impairments in RBANS total scores [standardized mean difference (SMD) = -0.26, 95% confidence interval (CI): -0.51 to -0.02; I2 = 72%; p = 0.03], immediate memory (SMD = -0.32, 95% CI: -0.54 to -0.10; I2 = 66%; p = 0.005), attention (SMD = -0.29, 95% CI: -0.56 to -0.02; I2 = 77%; p = 0.03), and delayed memory (SMD = -0.24, 95% CI: -0.46 to -0.03; I2 = 64%; p = 0.03). No group difference was found regarding visuospatial skills and language (p > 0.05). This meta-analysis found that schizophrenia patients with MetS had worse performance on certain cognitive tasks than non-MetS patients.

16.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(4): 1830-1838, 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33742818

RESUMO

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), two typical persistent organic pollutants, are the research focus due to their mutagenesis, carcinogenesis, teratogenesis, and bioaccumulation. The content distribution and residual characteristics of PAHs and PCBs were investigated in the sediments from the Sanya River. Source apportionment was further explored based on the analysis of the spatial distribution, and the ecological risk evaluation was carried out with the sediment quality criteria and standards. The results indicate that the content of ΣPAHs and ΣPCBs in the sediment range from 265.00 µg·kg-1 to 6735.00 µg·kg-1 and 1.75 µg·kg-1 to 92.75 µg·kg-1, with relatively high contents in the east and west river upstream, respectively, which had a strong correlation with the industrial structure and river movement of the study area. The composition and source apportionment demonstrate that PAHs originated mostly from the combustion of petroleum with low PAHs, and haxa-CB and hepta-CB are the predominant PCBs congeners, primarily resulting from the migration of PCBs in the capacitor. The ecological risk evaluation demonstrates that the biotoxic effect of the PAHs is not obvious, with a low ecological risk. However, several PAHs monomers exceeded the standard significantly in some sampling sites, which should be of concern due to its serious threat of exposure to organisms. The probability of a biotoxic effect of PCBs is 10%-50%, which occasionally produces a negative ecological effect.


Assuntos
Bifenilos Policlorados , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos , Bifenilos Policlorados/análise , Bifenilos Policlorados/toxicidade , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/toxicidade , Medição de Risco , Rios , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
17.
J Hazard Mater ; 415: 125704, 2021 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33773243

RESUMO

A series of goethite (Gt)-graphene (rGO) composites (Gt-rGO) having different rGO contents (2%-10%) was biologically prepared under mild conditions with Acidovorax sp. BoFeN1 and exhibited comparable or even higher catalytic efficiencies upon sulfonamides degradation than most known chemically synthesized catalysts. Pseudo-first-order rate constant of sulfanilamide degradation (60 µM, 0.971 h-1) in the system mediated by Gt-rGO with the optimal rGO content of 6% was 6.7, 15.4 and 168.1 folds higher than those in the control rGO/H2O2, Gt/H2O2 and H2O2 systems, respectively. Excellent synergistic catalytic effects between Gt and rGO in Gt-rGO were identified in four continuous cycles. The Gt-rGO systems exhibited more efficient •OH generation, H2O2 decomposition and Fe(II) accumulation rates than the control Gt or rGO systems. Fast Fe(III)/Fe(II) cycling was obtained in the Gt-rGO systems, which might be due to the strong Fe-C coordination and the decrease of rGO aggregation and Gt particle sizes. Additionally, Gt particles in Gt-rGO exposed more defects as active sites for H2O2 activation. High-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometer analysis suggested that sulfanilamide was gradually degraded through hydroxylation, C-N cleavage and benzene ring opening. The results provided a new approach for the tailored design of eco-friendly, cost-effective and efficient iron (oxyhydr)oxides-graphene catalysts for contaminants elimination.

18.
Water Environ Res ; 2021 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33713351

RESUMO

The efficiency of sludge dewatering is affected by the structure and composition of hydrated extracellular polymeric substances (EPS). Degrading EPS can improve the sludge dewatering performance. As an oxidizing agent, sodium periodate (NaIO4 ) has ability to oxidize organics, which is expected to decompose the protein and polysaccharide in EPS and improve the efficiency of sludge dewaterability. This study adopted NaIO4 , for the first time, as an advanced oxidation agent to regulate EPS of waste activated sludge and was combined with anionic polyacrylamide (APAM) as a flocculant to subsequently enhance sludge dewatering. Response surface methodology (RSM) was used to determine the optimal conditions of pH, NaIO4 , and APAM. The results showed that the composite conditioner's specific resistance of filtration (SRF) and the water content of the vacuum-filtered cake (Wc) were highly enhanced compared with those of the raw sludge (RS) under pH 6.5, a NaIO4 concentration of 50 mg/g dry solids (DS), and an APAM concentration of 5 mg/g DS. Owing to the pre-oxidation achieved by NaIO4 under a mildly acid environment, sludge flocs were broken. Subsequently, chemical coagulation (APAM) agglomerated the smaller particles into larger flocs of sludge by adsorption and bridging, thus improving sludge dewaterability. PRACTITIONER POINTS: A novel conditioner, pH/NaIO4 /APAM, was explored for sludge dewatering. IO3 • and HO• oxidized extracellular polymeric substances (EPS). Degradation of the protein content of EPS released bound water. Highly enhanced sludge dewaterability was achieved under optimal conditions.

19.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol ; 14(3): 369-374, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33786154

RESUMO

Liposarcoma was mainly occurring in the lower extremities and deep retroperitoneal soft tissues, but rarely occurred in the thoracic cavity. Most cases were reported in the literature, and most of them were middle-aged and elderly people. It was even more rare in adolescents with tumors occupying the entire thoracic cavity. Recently, one case of myxomatous liposarcoma was admitted and treated in our hospital. This paper reports this case and discusses the diagnostic method, pathological type and treatment of giant liposarcoma in the chest, in order to provide a reference for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of this rare tumor.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33530066

RESUMO

Plastic scintillation dosimeters (PSDs) have many properties that make them desirable for relative dosimetry with MRI-LINACs. An in-house PSD, Farmer ionisation chamber and Gafchromic EBT3 film were used to measure central axis percentage depth dose distributions (PDDs) at the Australian MRI-LINAC. Mean errors were calculated between each detector's responses, where the in-house PSD was on average within 0.7 % of the Farmer chamber and 1.4 % of film, while the Farmer chamber and film were on average within 1.1 % of each other. However, the PSD systematically over-estimated the dose as depth increased, approaching a maximum overestimation of the order of 3.5 % for the smallest field size measured. This trend was statistically insignificant for all other field sizes measured; further investigation is required to determine the source of this effect. The calculated values of mean absolute error are comparable to the those of trusted dosimeters reported in the literature. These mean absolute errors, and the ubiquity of desirable dosimetric qualities to PSDs suggest that PSDs in general are accurate for relative dosimetry with the MRI-LINAC. However, care should be taken when applying PSDs with MRI-LINACs, given the reported systematic trends dependent on field-size and depth of measurement.

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