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1.
ACS Nano ; 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596378

RESUMO

Stimuli-responsive nanomachines are attractive tools for biosensing, imaging, and drug delivery. Herein, we demonstrate that the orientation of macromolecules and subsequent dynamic interactions at the biomolecule-nanoparticle (bio-nano) interfaces can be rationally controlled to engineer stimuli-responsive DNA nanomachines. The success of this design principle was demonstrated by engineering a series of antibody-responsive DNA walkers capable of moving persistently on a three-dimensional track made of DNA functionalized gold nanoparticles. We show that drastically different responses to antibodies could be achieved using DNA walkers of identical sequences but with varying number or sites of modifications. We also show that multiple interfacial factors could be combined to engineer stimuli-responsive DNA nanomachines with high sensitivity and modularity. The potential of our strategy for practical uses was finally demonstrated for the amplified detection of antibodies and small molecules in both buffer and human serum samples. Unlike many DNA-based nanomachines, the performance of which could be significantly hindered by the matrix of serum, our system shows a matrix-enhanced sensitivity as a result of the engineering approach at the bio-nano interface.

2.
Mikrochim Acta ; 188(10): 324, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490510

RESUMO

N, Cl-doped carbon dots (N, Cl-CDs) were prepared by hydrothermal method from rhodamine B (RhB) and ethylenediamine (EDA). The resulting N, Cl-CDs exhibited fascinating solvent dependence and strict excitation independence. As the polarity of the solvent increased (from tetrahydrofuran (THF) to water), the emission spectrum of N, Cl-CDs was redshifted and the fluorescence efficiency decreased, which were attributed to hydrogen bond-induced aggregation. Taking advantage of these attributes, the N, Cl-CDs were used as suitable probes for fluorescence and colorimetric dual-mode detection of water in THF. The linear relationship was 0.5-100% water with the detection limit down to 0.093%. Moreover, the sensing platform was converted into a paper-based sensor for handy, real-time, and visible humidity sensing. N, Cl-CDs/PVA films were fabricated and realized continuously tunable solid-state fluorescence, further expanding their practical application.

3.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34551519

RESUMO

The wide use and continuous abrasion of rubber-related products appears to be leading to an incredible release of p-phenylenediamine (PPD) antioxidants in the environment. However, no related research has been conducted on the pollution characteristics and potential health risks of PM2.5-bound PPDs. We report for the first time the ubiquitous distributions of six emerging PPDs and a quinone derivative, N-(1,3-dimethylbutyl)-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine quinone (6PPDQ), in PM2.5 from urban areas of China. Atmospheric contamination levels of PM2.5-bound PPDs were found to be mostly in pg m-3 amounts between 2018 and 2019. Urban vehicle rubber tire abrasion was found to probably contribute to the PPDs in PM2.5 and accounted for their significant spatiotemporal-dependent concentration variations. Furthermore, 6PPDQ, an emerging oxidation product of 6PPD in the environment, was first quantified (pg m-3) with a total detection rate of 81% in the urban PM2.5, demonstrating its broad existence. On the basis of the determined ambient concentrations, the annual intakes of PPDs and 6PPDQ for adults were not low, indicating their possible human health risks induced by long-term exposure. This study confirms the widespread occurrence of PPDs and 6PPDQ in PM2.5, showing that the pollution of such compounds in urban air should not be underestimated.

4.
Analyst ; 146(17): 5357-5361, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333580

RESUMO

Nitrogen doped carbon dots (N-CDs) were synthesized by a one-step hydrothermal method with dopamine and ethylenediamine. The as-prepared N-CDs were characterized via transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), fluorescence spectrophotometer, UV-Vis spectrophotometry and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The average particle dimension of the as-prepared N-CDs was 2.68 nm, and the best excitation and emission wavelengths were 405 nm and 535 nm, separately. N-CDs exhibits excellent selectivity and sensitivity to detect the curcumin (Cur), attaining a wider linear range of 97.5 nM-67.9 µM and a limit of detection (LOD) of as low as 94 nM. Interestingly, N-CDs can also give responsive signals of a visible colour change (yellow to red). Moreover, a novel fluorescent/colorimetric dual-mode method has been successfully employed for the determination of Cur in real samples with good recoveries (94%-110%) and precision (RSD = 0.3-2.9%).


Assuntos
Curcumina , Pontos Quânticos , Carbono , Colorimetria , Corantes Fluorescentes , Nitrogênio , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
5.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 188: 924-931, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34352319

RESUMO

Small heat shock proteins (sHSPs) function as ATP-independent chaperones that preserve cellular proteostasis under stressful conditions. In this study, Cshsp19.0, which encodes a new small heat shock protein, was isolated and characterized from Chilo suppressalis (Walker) to better understand the contribution of sHSPs to insect development and stress tolerance. The full-length Cshsp19.0 cDNA was 697 bp and encoded a 19.0 kDa protein with an isoelectric point of 5.95. Phylogenetic analysis and amino acid alignments indicated that Cshsp19.0 is a member of the sHSP family. Cshsp19.0 was expressed at maximal levels in foreguts and showed the least amount of expression in fat bodies. Expression analysis in different developmental stages of C. suppressalis revealed that Cshsp19.0 was most highly expressed in 1st instar larvae. Furthermore, Cshsp19.0 was upregulated when insects were exposed to heat and cold stress for a 2-h period. There were significant differences in the male and female pupae in response to humidity; Cshsp19.0 expression increased in male pupae as RH increased, whereas the inverse pattern was observed in female pupae. Larvae exhibited a lower rate of survival when Cshsp19.0 was silenced by a nanomaterial-promoted RNAi method. The results confirm that Cshsp19.0 functions to increase environmental stress tolerance and regulates physiological activities in C. suppressalis.

6.
Sci Total Environ ; 800: 149419, 2021 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392207

RESUMO

Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) samples collected in 2018 in Taiyuan, a typical industrial and mining city in North China Plain (NCP), were characterized based on ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) coupled with orbitrap mass spectrometry. Potential molecular identifications based on precise molecular weight were conducted to obtain the compositional and source information of organic aerosols (OAs) in this city. Evident variation trends were observed during the sampling period in the composition, degree of oxidation and saturation of the obtained molecules. The proportion of CHOS- and CHO+ were increased from winter to summer and then decreased, conversely the proportion of CHN+ was decreased from winter to summer and then increased. By reclassifying the molecules, OA molecules were observed to be more saturated and oxidized in summer. It was caused by the high abundance of organosulfates (OSs) in summer, and aromatic amines/N-heterocycle aromatic hydrocarbons (PANHs) in winter. Molecular identification indicated that the OSs were basically originated from biogenic source isoprene or monoterpene, while the aromatic amines and PANHs were related to anthropogenic emissions of fossil fuel combustion, like other cities in the NCP area. The prevailing northwesterlies in winter may bring coal-burning pollutants from other cities, while the high abundance of organosulfates in summer may be related to the PM2.5 transportation from Shijiazhuang. This study firstly demonstrates the molecular composition characteristics, potential sources, and geographical origins of PM2.5 in Taiyuan, which gives a comprehensive understanding of PM2.5 in a typical industrial and mining city.

7.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(37): 15084-15090, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34415153

RESUMO

Adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) is a central extracellular signaling agent involved in various physiological and pathological processes. However, precise measurements of the temporal and spatial components of ATP dynamics are lacking due primarily to the limitations of available methods for ATP detection. Here, we report on the first effort to design a self-phosphorylating DNAzyme (SPDz) sensor for fluorescence imaging of ATP. In response to ATP, SPDz sensors exhibit subsecond response kinetics, extremely high specificity, and micromolar affinities. In particular, we demonstrate cell-surface-anchored SPDz sensors for fluorescence imaging of both stress-induced endogenous ATP release in astrocytes and mechanical stimulation-evoked ATP release at the single-cell level. We also validated their utility for visualizing the rapid dynamic properties of ATP signaling upon electrical stimulation in astrocytes. Thus, SPDz sensors are robust tools for monitoring ATP signaling underlying diverse cellular processes.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34455148

RESUMO

Chilo suppressalis Walker is a devastating pest of rice in Asia and exhibits facultative diapause in the larval stage. Most prior experiments on diapausing and non-diapausing C. suppressalis were conducted in the laboratory. In this study, transcriptome analyses were performed on pre-diapausing larvae collected from field populations of C. suppressalis and compared to laboratory populations. Among 2674 differentially expressed genes (DEGs), 32 DEGs related to pre-diapause and 239 universally expressed genes were screened; these were primarily enriched in "neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction", "lysosome" and "glycerolipid metabolism" in KEGG pathway analysis. With respect to clusters of orthologous genes (COG), DEGs were assigned to "posttranslational modification, protein turnover, chaperones", "carbohydrate transport and metabolism", and "secondary metabolite biosynthesis, transport and catabolism" categories. Further analysis also revealed that a key "circadian clock-controlled protein" gene is sensitive to photoperiod and significantly decreased during the pre-diapause phase. Genes encoding two small heat shock proteins, hsp21.4 and hsp27.2, were significantly expressed on August 15 as compared to three other sampling times in August 2018. Eight DEGs were randomly chosen and evaluated by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) to validate the accuracy of the transcriptome data. The expression of six DEGs (gene-evm_000752, gene-evm_006486, gene-evm_008626, gene-evm_002485, gene-evm_011981 and Chilo_suppressalis_newGene_18103) showed significant same patterns of differential expression in both the RT-qPCR and RNA-Seq analyses. This study increases our understanding of the complex physiological and molecular mechanisms involved in C. suppressalis at the pre-diapause phase.

9.
Anal Methods ; 13(32): 3561-3568, 2021 08 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34313265

RESUMO

N-doped blue-fluorescence carbon dots (N-CDs) were fabricated via a one-pot hydrothermal method using folic acid and p-phenylenediamine. The obtained N-CDs exhibited strong fluorescence (FL) with a considerable quantum yield (QY) of 21.8% and exceptional optical stability under different conditions. Upon introducing Cr(vi), blue FL of N-CDs was distinctly quenched. On subsequent addition of l-AA, the FL of N-CDs could be partially recovered. The fluorescence changes of N-CDs have been utilized to detect Cr(vi) and l-AA in aqueous solutions with linear ranges of 0.10-150 µM and 0.75-2.25 mM, respectively, as well as limit of detection values of 9.4 nM and 25 µM, respectively. Furthermore, as-obtained N-CDs can be extended to monitor the fluctuation of intracellular Cr(vi) and l-AA. More intriguingly, N-CDs can target lysosomes with a satisfactory Pearson correction coefficient of 0.87, which indicates a promising application prospect in the biomedical field.


Assuntos
Carbono , Pontos Quânticos , Cromo , Lisossomos , Nitrogênio , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
10.
Talanta ; 233: 122551, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34215054

RESUMO

In this work, a simple and highly sensitive photoelectrochemical (PEC) aptasensor has been developed for detecting PCB72 based on TiO2 nanotubes (NTs) decorated with BiVO4 nanoparticles (NPs). The BiVO4 NPs-TiO2 NTs composites prepared through a simple hydrothermal method exhibit good visible-light adsorption ability, high PEC response and perfect photo-excited stability. The synthesized composites were explored as the photoactive sensing materials for development of a PEC sensing platform for the first time. Here, Au nanoparticles (NPs) were first deposited the composites, and the anti-PCB72 aptamer molecules were immobilized on the Au NPs-deposited BiVO4 NPs-TiO2 NTs. The developed PEC aptasensor exhibits high sensitivity and specificity for PCB72 with a wide linear range from 1 ng/L to 500 ng/L and a low detection limit of 0.23 ng/L. The application of the aptasensor was evaluated by determining PCB 72 in the environment water samples. Thus, a simple and efficient PEC sensing platform was established for detecting the content of PCBs in the environment.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Nanotubos , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Ouro , Limite de Detecção , Titânio
11.
Talanta ; 233: 122593, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34215082

RESUMO

The latent fingerprints (LFPs) at the crime scene are unique and stable, which are considered as an important clue in criminal justice and forensic identification. Herein, a butterfly-shaped molecule DPTS with solid fluorescence plus excited-state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT) properties was used to develop for enhancing the visualization of the LFPs. Considering the solid fluorescence of DPTS, the color and efficiency of DPTS with a large Stokes shift (216 nm) can be tuned by changing the morphology of its aggregates, and gradually red-shifted (green-yellow-red) with increasing water content. Furthermore, its effectiveness for the detection of LFPs was demonstrated on various different substrates including paper box, tinfoil and weighting paper. The emissive fingerprint of DPTS obtained gave good fluorescence images with high contrast and resolution such as the core, delta, bifurcation, ridge termination, independent ridge and pores. Caging of the phenol donor of DPTS with a sensitive biomarker group provided DPTS-ONOO-, which had high sensitive with detection limit of 5 nM and the quantification limit of 21 nM toward ONOO-. Modularly derived DPTS-ONOO- was synthesized and demonstrated specific fluorescence imaging of exogenous and endogenous peroxynitrite (ONOO-) in living macrophage cells.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes , Prótons , Ácido Peroxinitroso , Fenol , Fenóis
12.
Am J Hum Genet ; 108(9): 1578-1589, 2021 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34265237

RESUMO

Thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) is characterized by dilation of the aortic root or ascending/descending aorta. TAA is a heritable disease that can be potentially life threatening. While 10%-20% of TAA cases are caused by rare, pathogenic variants in single genes, the origin of the majority of TAA cases remains unknown. A previous study implicated common variants in FBN1 with TAA disease risk. Here, we report a genome-wide scan of 1,351 TAA-affected individuals and 18,295 control individuals from the Cardiovascular Health Improvement Project and Michigan Genomics Initiative at the University of Michigan. We identified a genome-wide significant association with TAA for variants within the third intron of TCF7L2 following replication with meta-analysis of four additional independent cohorts. Common variants in this locus are the strongest known genetic risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Although evidence indicates the presence of different causal variants for TAA and type 2 diabetes at this locus, we observed an opposite direction of effect. The genetic association for TAA colocalizes with an aortic eQTL of TCF7L2, suggesting a functional relationship. These analyses predict an association of higher expression of TCF7L2 with TAA disease risk. In vitro, we show that upregulation of TCF7L2 is associated with BCL2 repression promoting vascular smooth muscle cell apoptosis, a key driver of TAA disease.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Proteína 2 Semelhante ao Fator 7 de Transcrição/genética , Aorta/metabolismo , Aorta/patologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/metabolismo , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Caspase 3/genética , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/patologia , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Genoma Humano , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Íntrons , Michigan , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Mutação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Proteína 2 Semelhante ao Fator 7 de Transcrição/metabolismo , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/genética , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo
13.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 261: 120044, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34118522

RESUMO

Fluorescent probes have contributed greatly to our understanding of the biological role of peroxynitrite (ONOO-). The ONOO- fluorescence probe characterized by the arlyboronate received a moderate opening fluorescence response, and the borate-masked probe significantly increased the sensitivity of ONOO-. Thus, two simple fluorescent probes (ADB and ANB) with the recognition receptor of phenyl boronate moiety were constructed for the detection of ONOO-. The change of emission spectrum was affected differently by the electron donating (or withdrawing) of the substituents. ANB was shown to have a low sensitivity and quantum yield towards ONOO- in aqueous solution, whereas ADB with aggregation-induced emission (AIE) process exhibited not only good sensitivity for ONOO- with a detection limit of 75 nM, but also ADB could be used to quantitative detecting ONOO- in response to concentrations of ONOO- within 20 s. Importantly, ADB had good performance for the detection of exogenous ONOO- in the RAW 264.7 cells.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes , Ácido Peroxinitroso , Animais , Boratos , Camundongos , Imagem Óptica , Células RAW 264.7
14.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 261: 120028, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34119768

RESUMO

A novel visual nanoprobe was developed for the sequential detection of morin and zinc ion (Zn2+) based on Cl and N co-doped carbon quantum dots (ClNCQDs) via a fluorometric and colorimetric dual-readout mode. The yellow fluorescence ClNCQDs was synthesized by the one-step hydrothermal treatment of o-chlorobenzoic acid and p-phenylenediamine. The most distinctive property of the ClNCQDs is the large stokes shift (177 nm), which is significantly higher than other reported CQDs. The fluorescence of the ClNCQDs can be effectively quenched by morin based on the synergistic effect of IFE, electrostatic interaction, and dynamic quenching process, and recovered upon the addition of Zn2+ due to strong interaction between morin and Zn2+. The nanoprobe exhibited favorable selectivity and sensitivity toward morin and Zn2+ with detection limits of 0.09 µM and 0.17 µM, respectively. Simultaneously, the color of the ClNCQDs solution was changed (light-pink â†’ faint-yellow â†’ dark-yellow) along with the variation of the fluorescence signal of the ClNCQDs. This proposed nanoprobe was successfully applied for morin and Zn2+ analyses in actual samples and live cells with high accuracy. The results of this study demonstrate the great application prospects of the ClNCQDs for morin and Zn2+ detection in complex actual samples and biosystems.


Assuntos
Pontos Quânticos , Carbono , Colorimetria , Flavonoides , Limite de Detecção , Zinco
15.
Food Funct ; 12(14): 6334-6347, 2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34100053

RESUMO

Herein, PPy@MnO2 nanocomposites were first harvested by anchoring MnO2 nanosheets on polypyrrole (PPy) nanoparticles via an in situ redox reaction, then polyethylene glycol (PEG) modifier and methylene blue (MB) photosensitizer were linked through electrostatic interactions to obtain PPy@MnO2-PEG-MB nanoarchitectures. PPy nanoparticles ensure photothermal therapy (PTT) ability and MnO2 nanosheets ameliorate tumor hypoxia for enhanced photodynamic therapy (PDT). Therefore, a multifunctional nanotherapeutic system was constructed for the combined PTT/PDT of tumors. For extracellular photothermal properties, the optimal temperature elevation was 52.6 °C with 54.4% photothermal conversion efficiency. The extracellular PDT ability was measured by detecting 1O2 generation; more 1O2 was produced under acidic conditions in the presence of H2O2 (a simulated tumor microenvironment). The effective cellular uptake of the nanotherapeutic system in HeLa cells was observed by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). CLSM also indicated that more 1O2 was generated by the nanotherapeutic system as compared to free MB in HeLa cells, confirming the amelioration of tumor hypoxia by MnO2 nanosheets. MTT assays demonstrated that the nanotherapeutic system possessed superior biocompatibility without laser irradiation, and the lowest cell viabilities for single PTT and PDT groups were 13.78%, 38.82% respectively, while there was only 1.29% cell viability in the combined PTT and PDT group. These results suggest that the strategy of assembling PPy with MnO2 for a multifunctional PTT and enhanced PDT nanoplatform was realized, and opens up an unimpeded approach for integrating photothermal reduction materials with MnO2 for use in synergistic PTT and PDT.

16.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 105: 64-70, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34130840

RESUMO

Simulation of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure is essential for evaluating adverse health effects. In this work, an ambient exposure system that mimicked real atmospheric conditions was installed in Taiyuan, China to study impacts of chronic PM2.5 exposure on adult and aged mice as well as Sirtuin3 knockout (Sirt3 KO) mice and wild-type (WT) mice. The real-ambient exposure system eliminated the possible artificial effects caused from exposure experiments and maintained the physiochemical characteristics of PM2.5. The case studies indicated that aged mice exhibited apparent heart dysfunction involving increased heart rate and decreased blood pressure after 17-week of real-ambient PM2.5 exposure. Meanwhile, 15-week of real-ambient PM2.5 exposure decreased the heart rate and amounts of associated catecholamines to induce heart failure in Sirt3 KO mice. Additionally, the increased pro-inflammatory cytokines and decreased platelet related indices suggested that inflammation occurred. The changes of biomarkers detected by targeted metabolomics confirmed metabolic disorder in WT and Sirt3 KO mice after exposed to real-ambient PM2.5. These results indicated that the real-ambient PM2.5 exposure system could evaluate the risks of certain diseases associated with air pollution and have great potential for supporting the investigations of PM2.5 effects on other types of rodent models.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Poluição do Ar/análise , Animais , China , Camundongos , Modelos Animais , Material Particulado/análise , Material Particulado/toxicidade
17.
Mikrochim Acta ; 188(6): 183, 2021 05 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33970343

RESUMO

Carbon dots (CDs) are a rising star in the field of cellular imaging, especially cytoplasmic imaging, attributing to the super-stable optical performance and ultra-low biological toxicity. Nucleolus can accurately reflect the expression state of a cell and is strongly linked to the occurrence and development of many diseases, so exploring bran-new CDs for nucleolus-orientation imaging with no-wash technology has important theoretical value and practical significance. Herein, nitrogen-doped carbon dots (N-CDs) with green fluorescence (the relative fluorescence quantum yield of 24.4%) was fabricated by the hydrothermal treatment of m-phenylenediamine and p-aminobenzoic acid. The N-CDs possess small size, bright green fluorescence, abundant surface functional groups, excellent fluorescence stability and good biocompatibility, facilitating that the N-CDs are an excellent imaging reagent for cellular imaging. N-CDs can particularly bind to RNA in nucleoli to enhance their fluorescence, which ensures that the N-CDs can be used in nucleolus-orientation imaging with high specificity and wash-free technique. This study demonstrates that the N-CDs have a significant feasibility to be used for nucleolus-orientation imaging in biomedical analysis and clinical diagnostic applications.

18.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 413(14): 3823-3831, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33934190

RESUMO

Heat stroke is a fatal condition which usually results in central nervous system dysfunction, organism damage and even death. The relationship between heat stroke and mitochondria is still relatively unknown due to a lack of suitable tools. Herein, an aggregation-induced emission (AIE) probe CSP, by introducing a pyridinium cation as the mitochondria-targeted group to an AIE active core cyanostilbene skeleton, is highly sensitive to viscosity changes due to the restriction of intramolecular motion (RIM) and inhibition of twisted intramolecular charge transfer (TICT) in high-viscosity systems. As expected, with the viscosity increasing from 0.903 cP (0% glycerol) to 965 cP (99% glycerol), CSP exhibited a significant enhancement (more than 117-fold) in fluorescence intensity at 625 nm, with an excellent linear relationship between log I 625 nm and log η (R2 = 0.9869, slope as high as 0.6727). More importantly, using CSP we have successfully monitored the decreased mitochondrial viscosity during heat stroke for the first time. All these features render the probe a promising candidate for further understanding the mechanism underlying mitochondria-associated heat stroke.


Assuntos
Golpe de Calor/patologia , Mitocôndrias/patologia , Células A549 , Células HeLa , Humanos , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Mitocôndrias/química , Imagem Óptica , Viscosidade
19.
Luminescence ; 36(6): 1469-1475, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34022100

RESUMO

Fifty-four Eucommia ulmoides leaves were subjected to a hydrothermal technique to synthesize carbon dots (CDs) of 3.55 ± 1.45 nm size. The nanomaterial possessed excellent stability and strong fluorescence emission (φf 42.3%). In a neutral buffer solution, the fluorescence signals of CDs solution were enhanced by aluminium ion without interference from other ions. Degree of enhancement correlated linearly with the Al3+ content in the range 0.01-2.5 mM. Response of this method was fast and sensitive (detection limit was 23 nM). The CDs performed successfully as a sensitive sensor for trace Al3+ determination in water samples, and satisfactory results were obtained.


Assuntos
Carbono , Pontos Quânticos , Corantes Fluorescentes , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Água
20.
Anal Chem ; 93(22): 8019-8026, 2021 06 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34037378

RESUMO

Elucidating the intrinsic relationship between diseases and lipid droplet (LD) polarity remains a great challenge owing to the lack of the research on multiple disease models. Until now, the visualization of abnormal LD polarity in models of inflammation and clinical cancer patient samples has not been achieved. To meet the urgent challenge, we facilely synthesized a robust LD-specific and polarity-sensitive fluorescent probe (LD-TTP), which consists of a triphenylamine segment as an electron-donor group (D) and a pyridinium as an electron-acceptor moiety (A), forming a typical D-π-A molecular configuration. Owing to the unique intramolecular charge transfer effect, LD-TTP exhibits high sensitivity to polarity change in the linear range from Δf = 0.258 to 0.312, with over 278-fold fluorescence enhancement. Moreover, we revealed that LD-TTP possessed satisfactory ability for sensitively monitoring LD-polarity changes in living cells. Using LD-TTP, we first demonstrated the detection of LD-polarity changes in fatty liver tissues and inflammatory living mice via confocal laser scanning fluorescence imaging. Surprisingly, the visualization of LD polarity has been achieved not only at the cellular levels and living organs but also in surgical specimens from cancer patients, thus holding great potential in the clinical diagnosis of human cancer. All these features render LD-TTP an effective tool for medical diagnosis of LD polarity-related diseases.


Assuntos
Fígado Gorduroso , Neoplasias , Animais , Corantes Fluorescentes , Humanos , Inflamação/diagnóstico por imagem , Gotículas Lipídicas , Camundongos , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem
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