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Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 128: 112333, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474884


Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) was widely applied into fabricating of orthopaedic implants, benefitting its excellent biocompatibility and similar mechanical properties to native bones. However, the inertness of PEEK hinders its integration with the surrounding bone tissue. Here PEEK scaffolds with a series of hydroxyapatite (HA) contents in gradient were manufactured via fused filament fabrication (FFF) 3D printing techniques. The influence of the pore size, HA content and printing direction on the mechanical properties of the PEEK/HA scaffolds was systematically evaluated. By adjusting the pore size and HA contents, the elastic modulus of the PEEK/HA scaffolds can be widely tuned in the range of 624.7-50.6 MPa, similar to the variation range of natural cancellous bone. Meanwhile, the scaffolds exhibited higher Young's modulus and lower compressive strength along Z printing direction. The mapping relationship among geometric parameters, HA content, printing direction and mechanical properties was established, which gave more accurate predictions and controllability of the modulus and strength of scaffolds. The PEEK/HA scaffolds with the micro-structured surface could promote cell attachment and mineralization in vitro. Therefore, the FFF-printed PEEK/HA composites scaffolds can be a good candidate for bone grafting and tissue engineering.

Durapatita , Cetonas , Benzofenonas , Polietilenoglicóis , Polímeros , Porosidade , Impressão Tridimensional , Tecidos Suporte
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 127: 112250, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34225889


Customized spinal implants fabricated by additive manufacturing have been increasingly used clinically to restore the physiological functions. However, the mechanisms and methods about the design for the spinal implants are not clear, especially for the reconstruction of multi-segment vertebral. This study aims to develop a novel multi-objective optimization methodology based on various normal spinal activities, to design the artificial vertebral implant (AVI) with lightweight, high-strength and high-stability. The biomechanical performance for two types of AVI was analyzed and compared under different loading conditions by finite element method. These implants were manufactured via selective laser melting technology and evaluated via compressive testing. Results showed the maximum Mises stress of the optimized implant under various load cases were about 41.5% of that of the trussed implant, and below fatigue strength of 3D printed titanium materials. The optimized implant was about 2 times to trussed implant in term of the maximum compression load and compression stiffness to per unit mass, which indicated the optimized implant can meet the safety requirement. Finally, the optimized implant has been used in clinical practice and good short-term clinical outcomes were achieved. Therefore, the novel developed method provides a favorable guarantee for the design of 3D printed multi-segment artificial vertebral implants.

Próteses e Implantes , Titânio , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Lasers , Impressão Tridimensional , Estresse Mecânico
Comput Methods Programs Biomed ; 197: 105741, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32961386


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Artificial vertebral implant with a lateral or posterior screw-rod fixation system are usually employed in lumbar reconstruction surgery to rebuild the lumbar spine after partial resection due to a tumor or trauma. However, few studies have investigated the effect of the various fixation systems on the biomechanics of the reconstructed lumbar system. This study aims to evaluate the influence of different surgical fixation strategies on the biomechanical performance of a reconstructed lumbar spine system in terms of the strength and long-term stability. METHODS: Two typical lumbar spine reconstruction case models that correspond to lateral or posterior fixation systems were built based on the clinical data. Finite element analyses were performed, and comparisons were made between the two models based on the predicted stress distribution of the reconstructed lumbar spine model, bone-growth area of the endplate, and the range of motion under various normal daily activities. RESULTS: The load from the upper vertebral body was found to be effectively transmitted onto the lower vertebral body by a vertebral implant with the lateral fixation system; this was favorable for bone growth after surgery. However, significantly high stresses were concentrated around the interaction region between the screws and bone, owing to the uneven lateral fixation structure; this may increase the risk of bone fractures and screw loosening in the long term. For the posterior fixation case, stably posterior fixation structure was favorable to maintain stability for the reconstructed lumbar spine. However, the load was mainly transmitted via the fixation rod rather than the vertebral implant, owing to the stress shielding effect. Therefore, the predicted strain on the endplate were insufficient for bone ingrowth under most of the spinal activates, which could cause bone loss and prosthesis loosening. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, the comparisons of the reconstructed lumbar spine system with lateral and posterior fixation strategies were conducted. The Pros and Cons of these two fixation strategies was deeply discussed and the associated clinical issues were provided. The results of this study will have a clear impact in understanding the biomechanics of the lumbar spine with different fixation strategies and providing necessary instructions to the design and application of the lumbar spinal fixation system.

Vértebras Lombares , Corpo Vertebral , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Parafusos Ósseos , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia
Med Eng Phys ; 69: 8-16, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31229384


In this study, a multi-objective topology optimization method has been formulated and carried out for various resection types, with minimization of a weighted sum of the compliance (maximized stiffness) under six routine activities of daily life as the objective function and volume reduction as a constraint. Unique prosthetic geometries with low weight and remarkable strength closely matching the pelvic bone shape were obtained. The strength of the optimized implants was investigated through finite element analysis and it has been found that the initial geometries of the optimized implants could withstand the static loading conditions of various routine activities having less stress concentration areas. A 3D printed patient-specific topology optimized hemi-pelvic prosthesis has been designed based on the proposed method and implanted successfully in a patient with pelvic sarcoma. Therefore, pelvic prostheses can be designed and then manufactured via additive manufacturing technologies with the minimum material in less time and having robust mechanical fixation responses. Conclusively, the topology optimization method used for the design of pelvic prostheses improves the biomechanical performance of the implants with reduced weight and higher stiffness than the traditional implants. Including the topology optimization procedure in the phase of designing patient-specific pelvic implants is therefore, highly recommended.

Análise de Elementos Finitos , Ossos Pélvicos , Desenho de Prótese/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ossos Pélvicos/cirurgia , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Estresse Mecânico
J Bone Oncol ; 12: 78-82, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30123734


Background: Bone benign fibrous histiocytoma (BFH) is an invasive primary bone tumor. When the local excision is not complete, the risk of recurrence is high, and hence, one-piece resection is necessary. The major challenge for clinicians is to reconstruct the bone after resection of the tumor. The present study investigated the efficacy of 3-dimensional (3D) printing technique in the treatment of benign fibrous histiocytoma of the scapula. Methods: The patient with benign fibrous histiocytoma of scapular bone was treated with PEEK (polyetheretherketone) prosthesis replacement using the 3D printing technique. X-ray and computed tomography (CT) scans evaluated the relationship between the position of the prosthesis and that of the shoulder joint. Also, the constant score of the shoulder joint was calculated. Results: The anteroposterior radiograph showed that the position of the left scapula prosthesis is satisfactory and that of the shoulder joint is normal. Three months after the operation, the X-ray examination indicated the lack of flexibility and shift, as well as, dislocation and disjunction of PEEK prosthesis. The constant score of the left shoulder function was 68 points. Active shoulder joint activity: 120° on the lift, 90° on abduction, 50° on the external rotation, and 70° on internal rotation. Conclusions: The application of 3D-printed PEEK scapula prosthesis with total shoulder replacement offers the possibility of accurate reconstruction, improves the operability of surgery, shortens the operation time, and allows early functional recovery of the patients.