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3.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(11): 891-896, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34743449

RESUMO

Objectives: To compare the efficiacy of retro-auricular single-site endoscopic thyroidectomy (RASSET) and that of transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy vestibular approach (TOETVA). Methods: In Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, 10 patients underwent RASSET from June 2021 to August 2021, and 21 patients underwent TOETVA from January 2016 to August 2021. All the 21 patients' clinical data was analyzed retrospectively. There were 2 males and 8 females in the RASSET group, aging (48.2±13.9) years (range: 28 to 67 years). There were 5 males and 16 females in the TOETVA group, aging (31.3±8.2) years (range: 21 to 49 years). All patients underwent thyroid lobectomy. A 3 cm in length incision was cut on single auricula posterior sulci to creat the approach in the RASSET group. Then a Trocar made with of a glove was inserted. Retaining the omohyoid, the sternocleidomastoid muscle and anterior cervical muscle were pulled apart, exposing a single lobe of the thyroid gland and lymphatic tissue of zone Ⅵ, for en-bloc resection. The clinical data of the two groups were collected and analyzed by t test, Mann-Whitney U test, Fisher exact test or χ2 test. Clinical data and postoperative efficacy indexes such as operation time, postoperative C reactive protein level, and postoperative complications were recorded. Results: Compared with the TOETVA group, the operation time was longer in the RASSET group ((256.8±77.0) minutes vs. (201.2±54.9) minutes, t=2.31, P=0.028), and increase of postoperative C reaction protein (24 hours postoperative vs. preoperative) was lower in the RASSET group (8.58(13.24) mg/L vs. 46.24(48.88) mg/L, Z=-4.311, P<0.01). But there was no significant difference between the RASSET group and TOETVA group in the number of lymph nodes dissection (2(5) vs. 2(3), Z=-0.326, P=0.759). Besides, there were no complications in the RASSET group. Conclusion: Retro-auricular single-site endoscopic thyroid loectomy is easy to achieve the en-bloc resection of tumors with a well-concealed scar and less traumatic dissection.


Assuntos
Glândula Tireoide , Tireoidectomia , Endoscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Duração da Cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Pharmazie ; 76(10): 480-483, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34620274

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to identify the effect of D-(+)-glucosamine, N-acetyl-D-glucosamine, tetraethyleneglycol, and the mixture of these additives on the stability of oxytocin in phosphate and acetate buffer solutions, at pH 4.5. Our findings demonstrate that tetraethyleneglycol has a destabilizing effect on oxytocin in both phosphate buffer and acetate buffer. D-(+)-Glucosamine hydrochloride had small to negligible effect at low concentrations, yielding a slight improvement lower concentrations of the additive in the presence of the buffers used, but at higher concentrations it increased the rate of degradation. N-Acetyl-D-glucosamine showed a possibly slight improvement to the stability of oxytocin. It is hypothesized that the different effect of N-acetyl-D-glucosamine compared to D-(+)-glucosamine is a consequence of the free amine group in D-(+)-glucosamine promoting a faster degradation, while the amino group is acetylated in N-acetyl-D-glucosamine and therefore no longer reactive in the same way. While it remains unclear why tetraethyleneglycol has a destabilizing effect on oxytocin, the D-(+)-glucosamine results aid in deepening our understanding of the degradation mechanism of oxytocin.

5.
Scand J Rheumatol ; : 1-6, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34514937

RESUMO

Objective: Synovial inflammation contributes to cartilage degeneration and osteoarthritis (OA) development. Targeting the inflammation process may provide a promising strategy for OA treatment. It has been demonstrated that C1q/tumour necrosis factor-related protein-9 (CTRP9) has immunosuppression capabilities. Thus, we conducted this study to investigate the role of CTRP9 in OA and its therapeutic potential.Method: The expression level of CTRP9 was quantified in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), serum, and synovial cells (SCs) isolated from OA patients by quantitative polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The relationship between the expression level of CTRP9 and the disease activity of OA was determined. The inflammation-suppressing effects of CTRP9 were assessed in vitro.Results: The expression level of CTRP9 was increased in the PBMCs and serum of OA compared to healthy controls. The serum level of CTRP9 was found to be positively correlated with erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, and visual analogue scale score. In addition, CTRP9 protein suppressed the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including tumour necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6, and interleukin-1ß, in PBMCs and SCs in vitro. CTRP9 was increased in OA patients and positively correlated with the disease activity. The recombinant CTRP9 had inflammation-suppressing activities in vitro.Conclusion: CTRP9 may have therapeutic potential for treating OA.Osteoarthritis (OA) is characterized as cartilage destruction resulting from synovial inflammation (1-6). According to the clinical symptoms and levels of inflammation, OA has been divided into primary generalized osteoarthritis (PGOA) and erosive inflammatory osteoarthritis (EIOA) (7). The only available treatment for OA is joint replacement. Thus, it is necessary to develop novel and effective therapeutic strategies to treat OA.Because synovial inflammation contributes to OA development, targeting the inflammation process may provide a promising strategy for OA treatment. Previous investigations showed that pro-inflammatory factors promoted OA development (8-10), while anti-inflammatory factors suppressed it (11-14). Thus, we conducted the present study to investigate the role of C1q/tumour necrosis factor-related protein-9 (CTRP9), an anti-inflammatory factor (15), in OA, and its therapeutic potential.

7.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(6): 620-625, 2021 Jun 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34078050

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the value of deep learning in classifying non-inflammatory aortic membrane degeneration. Methods: Eighty-nine cases of non-inflammatory aortic media degeneration diagnosed from January to June 2018 were collected at Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, China and scanned into digital sections. 1 627 hematoxylin and eosin stained photomicrographs were extracted. Combined with the ResNet18-based deep convolution neural network model, 4-category classification of pathological images were performed to diagnose the non-inflammatory aortic lesion. Results: The prediction model of artificial intelligence assisted diagnosis had the best accuracy, sensitivity and precision in identifying lesions with smooth muscle cell nuclei loss, which were 99.39%, 98.36% and 98.36%, respectively. The classification accuracy of elastic fiber fragmentation and/or loss lesions was 98.08%, while that of intralamellar mucoid extracellular matrix accumulation lesions was 96.93%. The overall accuracy of the classification model was 96.32%, and the area under the curve was 0.982. Conclusions: The accuracy of deep learning neural network model in the 4-category classification of non-inflammatory aortic lesionsis confirmed based on digital photomicrographs. This method can effectively improve the diagnostic efficiency of pathologists.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Inteligência Artificial , China , Hematoxilina , Redes Neurais de Computação
8.
Physiol Res ; 70(3): 425-435, 2021 07 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33982585

RESUMO

This investigation studied the effect of concentrated growth factor and nanofat on aging skin of nude mice induced by D-galactose. BALB/c mice were randomly divided into five groups: 5 mice in the control group were fed normally without any intervention, 9 mice were treated with concentrated growth factor (CGF), 9 mice were treated with nanofat (NF), 9 mice were treated with CGF+NF, and 9 mice in the model group (no treatment after subcutaneous injection of D-galactose). Relevant indicators are measured and recorded. In skin and serum, SOD and GSH content in the model group were significantly lower than those in other groups (P<0.05), and the MDA of the three treatment groups was significantly lower than that of the model group (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the contents of total collagen, type I collagen and type III collagen in the NF group and model group were decreased in different degrees (P<0.05); the contents of elastin and elastic fiber in the skin of nude mice in the model group and NF group were significantly decreased. Compared with the model group, he number of CD31 and VEGF in the treatment group was significantly increased (P<0.01); the skin AGE content of three treatment groups was significantly lower (P<0.05). These findings suggest that concentrated growth factor and nanofat may have a significant effect on delaying aging skin induced by D-galactose in nude mice.

9.
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol ; 42(6): 1052-1060, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33766822

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A noninvasive, safe, and economic imaging technique is required to identify epileptogenic lesions in the brain. PURPOSE: Our aim was to perform a meta-analysis evaluating the accuracy of arterial spin-labeling in localizing the epileptic focus in the brain and the changes in the blood perfusion in these regions. DATA SOURCES: Our sources were the PubMed and EMBASE data bases. STUDY SELECTION: English language studies that assessed the diagnostic accuracy of arterial spin-labeling for detecting the epileptogenic zone up to July 2019 were included. DATA ANALYSIS: The symptomatogenic foci of seizures in the brain were determined and used as the references. The relevant studies were evaluated using the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies-2 tool. The outcomes were evaluated using the pooled sensitivity, pooled specificity, pooled accuracy, diagnostic odds ratio, area under the summary receiver operating characteristic curve, and likelihood ratio. DATA SYNTHESIS: Six studies that included 174 patients qualified for this meta-analysis. The pooled sensitivity, pooled specificity, and area under the summary receiver operating characteristic curve were 0.74 (95% CI, 0.65-0.82), 0.35 (95% CI, 0.03-0.90), and 0.73 (95% CI, 0.69-0.76), respectively. The accuracy of arterial spin-labeling for localizing the epileptic focus was 0.88 (accuracy in arterial spin-labeling/all perfusion changes in arterial spin-labeling) in cases of a positive arterial spin-labeling result. The epileptogenic zone exhibited hyperperfusion or hypoperfusion. LIMITATIONS: Only a few studies were enrolled due to the strict inclusion criteria. CONCLUSIONS: Arterial spin-labeling can be used for assessing, monitoring, and reviewing, postoperatively, patients with epilepsy. Blood perfusion changes in the brain may be closely related to the seizure time and pattern.


Assuntos
Epilepsia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Epilepsia/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Convulsões , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Marcadores de Spin
10.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(3): 213-216, 2021 Mar 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33677884

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the absence of congenital arterial duct in fetus and to improve the diagnostic accuracy. Methods: Four hundred cases of congenital heart disease diagnosed by echocardiography during pregnancy were examined the fetal cardiovascular malformation and visceral malformation, and the absence of arterial duct was analyzed. Results: There were 24(6%)cases of absence of arterial duct, including 19 cases of left aortic arch and five cases of right aortic arch. There were 21 cases with main pulmonary arteries and 3 cases without main pulmonary arteries and branches. There were 15 cases of pulmonary artery stenosis with absence of arterial duct and the major cardiovascular malformations included six cases of single ventricle, six cases of atrial septal defect, four cases of single atrium, four cases of right atrium isomerism, four cases of double outlet right ventricle, four cases of anomalous pulmonary venous drainage, three cases of tetralogy of Fallot, and three cases of persistent left superior vena cava. There were seven cases of pulmonary atresia with absence of arterial duct and with systemic-pulmonary collateral circulation. There was one case of tetralogy of Fallot with absent pulmonary valve and absent arterial duct and the pulmonary artery was dilated. There was one case of aortopulmonary septal defect with absent arterial duct, with normal pulmonary artery. There were also seven cases of asplenia, seven cases of pulmonary abnormality and seven cases of visceral inversion. Conclusions: The absence of arterial duct is often associated with congenital heart disease. Pulmonary atresia is often associated with systemic-pulmonary collateral circulation. The visceral malformations are related to the accompanying congenital cardiovascular malformations.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas , Defeitos dos Septos Cardíacos , Atresia Pulmonar , Autopsia , Feminino , Feto , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Gravidez , Atresia Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Veia Cava Superior
11.
J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 122(1): 33-38, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32387687

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Both cancellous bone graft and corticocancellous bone graft are the most common grafts for repairing alveolar cleft, but there is no clear conclusion as to which method is beneficial to repair the alveolar cleft. The aim was to determine the effectiveness of corticocancellous bone graft in cleft lip and palate patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Electronic databases including PubMed, Ovid, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Knowledge, and China Biology Medicine disc (SinoMed) were searched. Only studies published in English or Chinese were included. The last search was updated on 1 January 2020. 2638 articles remaining after the exclusion of duplicates. Finally, there were 16 publications (15 in English and 3 in Chinese) eligible for systematic review according to the previously established inclusion and exclusion criteria. A descriptive statistical method was used to present data. The methodological index for non-randomized studies (MINORS) was used to determine the risk of bias. RESULT: Sixteen articles were included in this review, of which 15 publications were retrospective study and one was a comparative study. The average success rate of reconstruction with block bone was approximately 90.8%, while the success rate of the cancellous bone graft was about 85.3%. The incidence of wound dehiscence was approximately 10% to 16%, and infection is about 9% to 20%. The incidence of oronasal fistula resulting from severe bone resorption and infection was approximately 7.5% to 10.5%. CONCLUSION: There is a higher bone formation rate of corticocancellous bone graft in patients with the alveolar cleft. However, more studies with high methodological quality and with a longer follow-up are needed to offer more safety for practitioners and patients regarding the surgical method selected to repair the cleft alveolar.


Assuntos
Fenda Labial , Fissura Palatina , Transplante Ósseo , Fenda Labial/epidemiologia , Fenda Labial/cirurgia , Fissura Palatina/diagnóstico , Fissura Palatina/epidemiologia , Fissura Palatina/cirurgia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Neural Regen Res ; 16(7): 1317-1322, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33318411

RESUMO

Müller cells (MC) are considered dormant retinal progenitor cells in mammals. Previous studies demonstrated ephrin-As act as negative regulators of neural progenitor cells in the retina and brain. It remains unclear whether the lack of ephrin-A2/A3 is sufficient to promote the neurogenic potential of MC. Here we investigated whether the MC is the primary retinal cell type expressing ephrin-A2/A3 and their role on the neurogenic potential of Müller cells. In this study, we showed that ephrin-A2/A3 and their receptor EphA4 were expressed in retina and especially enriched in MC. The level of ephrinAs/EphA4 expression increased as the retina matured that is correlated with the reduced proliferative and progenitor cell potential of MC. Next, we investigated the proliferation in primary MC cultures isolated from wild-type and A2-/- A3-/- mice by 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) incorporation. We detected a significant increase of EdU+ cells in MC derived from A2-/- A3-/- mice. Next, we investigated the role of ephrin-A2/A3 in mice undergoing photoreceptor degeneration such as Rhodopsin knockout (Rho-/-) mice. To further evaluate the role of ephrin-A2/A3 in MC proliferation in vivo, EdU was injected intraperitoneally to adult wild-type, A2-/- A3-/- , Rho-/- and Rho-/- A2-/- A3-/- mice and the numbers of EdU+ cells distributed among different layers of the retina. EphrinAs/EphA4 expression was upregulated in the retina of Rho-/- mice compared to the wild-type mice. In addition, cultured MC derived from ephrin-A2-/- A3-/- mice also expressed higher levels of progenitor cell markers and exhibited higher proliferation potential than those from wild-type mice. Interestingly, we detected a significant increase of EdU+ cells in the retinas of adult ephrin-A2-/- A3-/- mice mainly in the inner nuclear layer; and these EdU+ cells were co-localized with MC marker, cellular retinaldehyde-binding protein, suggesting some proliferating cells are from MC. In Rhodopsin knockout mice (Rho-/- A2-/- A3-/- mice), a significantly greater amount of EdU+ cells were located in the ciliary body, retina and RPE than that of Rho-/- mice. Comparing between 6 and 12 weeks old Rho-/- A2-/- A3-/- mice, we recorded more EdU+ cells in the outer nuclear layer in the 12-week-old mice undergoing severe retinal degeneration. Taken together, Ephrin-A2/A3 are negative regulators of the proliferative and neurogenic potentials of MC. Absence of ephrin-A2/A3 promotes the migration of proliferating cells into the outer nuclear layer and may lead to retinal cell regeneration. All experimental procedures were approved by the Animal Care and Use Committee at Schepens Eye Research Institute, USA (approval No. S-353-0715) on October 24, 2012.

13.
Front Immunol ; 11: 585918, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33281816

RESUMO

Retinal ischemia/reperfusion injury (RI) is a common cause of irreversible visual impairment and blindness in elderly and critical unmet medical need. While no effective treatment is available for RI, microglial activation and local immune responses in the retina are thought to play important roles in the pathophysiology of neurodegeneration. While survival and activation of microglia depend critically on colony-stimulating factor receptor (CSF-1R) signaling, it remains unclear if targeting the retinal immune microenvironments by CSF-1RAb after RI is sufficient to rescue vision and present a potentially effective therapy. Here we used rodent models of RI and showed that retinal ischemia induced by acute elevation of intraocular pressure triggered an early activation of microglia and macrophages in the retina within 12 h. This was followed by lymphocyte infiltration and increased production of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Intravitreal injection of CSF-1R neutralizing antibody (CSF-1RAb) after RI significantly blocked microglial activation and the subsequent T cell recruitment. This also led to improved retinal ganglion cell survival and function measured by cell quantification and electroretinogram positive scotopic threshold responses, as well as increased visual acuity and contrast sensitivity as assessed by optomotor reflex-based assays, when compared to the isotype-treated control group. Moreover, the administration of CSF-1RAb efficiently attenuated inflammatory responses and activation of human microglia in culture, suggesting a therapeutic target with human relevance. These results, together with the existing clinical safety profiles, support that CSF-1RAb may present a promising therapeutic avenue for RI, a currently untreatable condition, by targeting microglia and the immune microenvironment in the retina to facilitate neural survival and visual function recovery.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Neutralizantes/farmacologia , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Microglia/imunologia , Neuropatia Óptica Isquêmica/imunologia , Receptor de Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Macrófagos/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Microambiente Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Neuropatia Óptica Isquêmica/patologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Retina
14.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(23): 12063-12072, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33336724

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the influences of micro ribonucleic acid (miR)-150 on the proliferation and apoptosis of mantle-cell lymphoma (MCL) cells and to investigate the potential underlying mechanism. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Differentially expressed miRNAs in MCL tissues were excavated via microarray analysis of miRNA expression profiles. Subsequently, the expression of miRNAs were verified by quantitative Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-qPCR). The influence of miRNA expression on the survival of patients was detected based on clinical data. Besides, the potential targets of miRNAs were determined using Luciferase reporter gene assay combined with qRT-PCR and Western blotting. Primary tumor cells were extracted, and the influences of miR-150 expression on cell proliferation were detected via Cell Counting Kit (CCK)-8 assay and 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) staining assay. Finally, Western blotting and flow cytometry were performed to explore the impact of miR-150 on the apoptosis of primary tumor cells. RESULTS: Microarray analysis of miRNA expression profiles and RT-qPCR verified that the expression levels of hsa-miR-486, hsa-miR-4746, and hsa-miR-3158 rose considerably in MCL tissues, while those of hsa-miR-29b-3p, hsa-miR-150, and hsa-miR-142-5p remarkably declined. According to the results of survival analysis, the survival time was notably prolonged in patients with higher expression levels of miR-150 and miR-486, especially in those with higher expression level of miR-150. Luciferase reporter gene assay and RT-qPCR and Western blotting results demonstrated that miR-150 negatively regulated the expression level of MET. Subsequent CCK-8 assay and EdU staining results revealed that up-regulation of miR-150 significantly suppressed the proliferation of primary MCL cells. Finally, Western blotting and flow cytometry found that increased expression of MET remarkably facilitated the apoptosis of primary MCL cells. CONCLUSIONS: MiR-150 inhibits the proliferation and promotes the apoptosis of MCL cells by negatively regulating MET expression.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Célula do Manto/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-met/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/patologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-met/genética , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
15.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(42): 3296-3302, 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33202490

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical feature,treatment and survival outcome of elderly patients older than 80 years with large diffuse B-cell lymphoma. Methods: A total of 46 patients aged over 80 years with large diffuse B-cell lymphoma who were treated in Third Hospital of Peking University during the period from 2002 to 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, and the clinical features, laboratory data, survival and prognostic factors were included in Kaplan-Meier and prognostic analysis. Results: Patients older than 80 years old accounted for 15.7% (46/293) in all elderly patients, and the median age was 83 years old. There were 78.3% (36/46)patients who belonged to stage Ⅲ or Ⅳ, 63%(29/46) who had more than two extranodal organ involvement, and the higher proliferation index(Ki-67≥80%) was present in 53.7%(22/41) patients. Immunohistochemistry showed that 37% patients in 27 cases were double-expressed DLBCL. With a median follow-up of 25 months, the overall response rate (ORR) for the whole group was 63.0%, the complete response (CR) rate was 36.4%, the 2, 3-year progression-free survival (PFS) rate was 49.9% and 41.7%, the 2, 3-year overall survival (OS) rate was 54.6% and 43.6% respectively. The ORR for patients who received anthracycline-based therapies and non-anthracycline-based therapies were 81.8% and 55.0%, and the 3-year OS rate were 50.0% and 39.0%, respectively, but the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). 45.5% patients had hematologic toxicity of Grade Ⅲ or above, and 56.8% patients experienced infections during the treatment. Among the patients who died, the treatment-related mortality rate in group with high score of Charlson comorbidity index(CCI) was higher (43.8% vs 16.7%, P=0.03) . The National Comprehensive Cancer Network International Prognostic Index (NCCN-IPI) score, nodal involvement area ≥3, 6 cycles of chemotherapy, CCI score, initial treatment outcome and refractory-relapsed were predictive of overall survival. Multivariate analysis indicated the CCI score (HR=6.463, P=0.008) and initial treatment outcome (HR=0.086, P=0.001) were independent prognostic risk factors. Conclusions: The clinical and pathological features of patients older than 80 years were highly aggressive with poor chemotherapy tolerance and high adverse reaction rate. Anthracycline-based therapies may be less important in the treatment of DLBCL patients aged over 80 years. Patients with high CCI score have higher treatment-related mortality and CCI can help identify elderly patients who are suitable for larger chemotherapy dose.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Clin Lab ; 66(5)2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32390376

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Serum prealbumin (PAB) is an effective tool to evaluate patients with malnutrition. In recent years, studies have shown that PAB is statistically reduced during the course of disease infection. The pneumonia severity index (PSI) scoring system is one of the most widely used scoring tools to evaluate the condition and prognosis of community acquired pneumonia (CAP) patients. However, few studies have reported on PSI combined with blood indicators to predict the prognosis of pneumonia. The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of PAB combined with PSI in patients with CAP. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 400 patients who met the inclusion criteria. Death and survival were selected as prognostic indicators of pneumonia. On the first day after admission, venous blood samples were taken to test PAB and PSI scores. Subject operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to evaluate PSI, PAB, and PSI combined with PAB to predict 30-day mortality of CAP patients. RESULTS: The 30-day mortality rate of CAP patients was 10.5% (42/400). PAB and PSI score were independent risk factors for 30-day mortality in CAP patients. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of PAB predicting the death of CAP patients were 86.3%, 79%, 50.74%, and 95.83%, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of PSI predicting the death of CAP patients were 74.80%, 63%, 33.71%, and 90.99%, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of the combined index predicting the death of CAP patients were 95.20%, 77.80%, 51.70% and 98.41%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Serum prealbumin is a relatively simple acquired index and an independent risk factor for death in CAP patients. Serum prealbumin improves the sensitivity of pneumonia severity index in predicting 30-day mortality of CAP patients.


Assuntos
Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/sangue , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/mortalidade , Pneumonia/sangue , Pneumonia/mortalidade , Pré-Albumina/análise , Adulto , Idoso , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/epidemiologia , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia/epidemiologia , Pneumonia/fisiopatologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
18.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 51(5): 959-963, 2019 Oct 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31624406

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of a non-invasive, non-radiating, economical and convenient infrared thermal imaging in the detection of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cervical lymph node metastasis, and evaluate its applicability via parallel test and series test. METHODS: This study was a prospective clinical study which passed the ethical review by the Biomedical Ethics Committee, Hospital of Stomatology, Peking University, and had been submitted for clinical trial registration. Totally 74 OSCC patients who were to undergo a neck dissection were included in this study. The inclusion criteria were patients who: (1) were pathologically diagnosed as malignant tumors and planned to undergo surgical treatment including neck dissection; (2) agreed to participate in this study. The exclusion criteria were those who: (1) had undergone surgeries at head and neck previously; (2) with a history of systemic tumor adjuvant therapies such as radiotherapy or chemotherapy etc; (3) were unwilling or unable to cooperate. Basal information as well as clinical examination results were collected, such as physical examination and contradictive enhanced CT. Besides, infrared thermal imaging was done ahead of surgery. Analysis of the diagnostic power of infrared thermal imaging followed the principles of diagnostic test. The positive signs of infrared thermal imaging were: (1) asymmetric thermographic pattern including vascular pattern in ROI; (2) thickening image of unilateral facial artery/vein, submental artery/vein or external carotid artery; (3) surface temperature of ROI raised over 1 °C compared with the opposite side; (4) changes of neck profile with abnormal temperature pattern. The gold standard of this diagnostic test was pathology diagnosis of cervical lymph nodes. RESULTS: The sensitivity of infrared thermal imaging was 75.0%, while the specificity was 69.0%, accuracy was 71.6%, positive predictive value was 64.9% and negative predictive value was 78.4%. The sensitivity of parallel test which stood for the combination of infrared thermal imaging and conventional clinical examinations was 87.9% while the specificity of series test was 97.6%. CONCLUSION: Infrared thermal imaging is a promising non-invasive, non-radiating and economical tool in the detection of cervical lymph node metastasis from OSCC when combined with conventional pre-operative examination.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Bucais/diagnóstico por imagem , Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Humanos , Raios Infravermelhos , Linfonodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
19.
Clin Lab ; 65(10)2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31625358

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In China, tuberculous pleural effusion is the most common cause for pleural effusion. Elevated ADH and positive tuberculin test usually are characteristic of tuberculous pleural effusion. We reported a 71-year-old male patient with elevated ADH and positive tuberculin test firstly misdiagnosed as tuberculous pleural effusion finally proven as pleural mesothelial sarcoma by thoracoscopic pathology. METHODS: Appropriate laboratory tests and thoracentesis were carried out. Thoracoscopy and pathological biopsy were performed to differentiate tuberculous pleural effusion. RESULTS: Chest CT showed right pleural effusion. ADH in pleural effusion was over 45 U/L and PPD test was positive. No abnormal cells were found in pleural effusion pathology. Pathology of thoracoscopic biopsy proved pleural mesothelioma. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated ADH and positive tuberculin test are not a specific index for tuberculosis and thoracoscopic biopsy pathology is crucial for differential diagnosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Mesotelioma/diagnóstico , Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico , Sarcoma/diagnóstico , Tuberculose Pleural/diagnóstico , Adenosina/metabolismo , Idoso , Biópsia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Erros de Diagnóstico , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/enzimologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Mesotelioma/enzimologia , Mesotelioma/patologia , Mesotelioma Maligno , Derrame Pleural/enzimologia , Derrame Pleural/patologia , Sarcoma/enzimologia , Sarcoma/patologia , Toracoscopia/métodos , Teste Tuberculínico/métodos , Tuberculose Pleural/enzimologia , Tuberculose Pleural/patologia
20.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(16): 7059-7065, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31486508

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of micro ribonucleic acid (miR)-34a regulating silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1) on myocardial infarction (MI) rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 male, 8-week-old rats were divided into three groups, including: sham group (M group), MI group and MI + miR-34a treatment group (miR group). Tissue morphology in the MI region was observed via hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Myocardial apoptosis in the three groups was detected via terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay. Furthermore, the protein levels of SIRT1, B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) and Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax) in myocardial cells were detected via Western blotting. RESULTS: Compared with M group, left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD) and left ventricular end-systolic diameter (LVESD) increased significantly in MI group and miR group (p<0.05), while left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and fractional shortening (FS) decreased obviously (p<0.05). The results of HE staining showed that the inflammatory infiltration of myocardial cells and intercellular collagen fibers significantly increased, and the neuronal damage was remarkably aggravated in MI group and miR group when compared with M group (p<0.05). Compared with MI group, myocardial necrosis, inflammatory cell infiltration and intercellular collagen fibers all increased significantly in miR group (p<0.05). Moreover, the results of TUNEL assay revealed that myocardial apoptosis rate in MI group [(21.35±3.12)%] was remarkably higher than that of M group [(9.53±1.17)%]. Meanwhile, it was significantly higher in miR group [(42.38±3.44)%)] than that of MI group, displaying statistically significant differences (p<0.05). The number of apoptotic cells increased obviously in MI group when compared with M group, while it decreased significantly in MI group when compared with miR group (p<0.05). Besides, the protein levels of SIRT1 and Bcl-2 in myocardial tissues in miR group were remarkably lower than those of M group and MI group (p<0.05). Furthermore, the protein level of Bax in miR group was higher than that of M group and MI group, and there were statistically significant differences (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Overexpression of miR-34a inhibits the activity of SIRT1, thereby promoting the apoptosis of MI.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Sirtuína 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo
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