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1.
Respir Med Case Rep ; 28: 100948, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31720203

RESUMO

Objective: This case report shows that bronchoscopy is an important method to treat severe airway stenosis caused by bronchial amyloidosis. Bronchoscopic forceps were used to incise the intra-tracheal lump repeatedly. The incision was frozen with a cryosurgery probe, argon knife was used to stop the bleeding until the airway lumen stenosis was reduced to approximately 40%, after which, it continued to enter the lumen. We used bronchoscopic biopsy forceps to repeatedly clamp the lumps in the tracheal carina and left and right main bronchial tumors until the lumen was completely unobstructed. Results: The symptoms of severe dyspnea and wheezing were significantly improved after two interventions with the bronchoscope.

2.
Am J Transl Res ; 10(12): 4193-4201, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30662662

RESUMO

LncRNAs play significant roles in various cell biological processes. In the present study, we demonstrated that PICART1 expression was down-regulated in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tissues. Lower expression level of PICART1 was associated with advanced stage. In addition, PICART1 expression was down-regulated in NSCLC cell lines. Overexpression of PICART1 inhibited NSCLC cell growth and induced cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase. Elevated expression of PICART1 suppressed NSCLC cell colony formation and cell invasion. Ectopic expression of PICART1 promoted the expression of epithelial marker E-cadherin while suppressed the mesenchymal marker expression such as N-cadherin and Snail and Vimentin. Furthermore, PICART1 overexpression suppressed AKT phosphorylation and c-Myc expression while inhibited the p21 expression in NSCLC cell. AKT phosphorylation was involved in PICART1 mediated suppression of cell growth and invasion. These results suggested that overexpression of PICART1 suppressed cell growth and invasion partly through regulating AKT signaling pathway in NSCLC.

3.
BMC Pulm Med ; 16(1): 137, 2016 11 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27809901

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Combined pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema (CPFE) is increasingly acknowledged as a separate syndrome with distinct clinical, physiological and radiological characteristics. We sought to identify physiologic and radiographic indices that predict mortality in CPFE. METHODS: Data on clinical characteristics, pulmonary function, high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) and treatment were compared between patients with usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) plus emphysema (CPFE group) and those with IPF alone (IPF group). Composite physiologic index (CPI) and HRCT scores at diagnosis and during follow-up were assessed. RESULTS: CPFE group (N = 87) was characterized by the predominance of males and smokers, who were less likely to have viral infection prior to the diagnosis, and display basal crackles, finger clubbing and wheeze, as compared to that in the IPF group (N = 105). HRCT and CPI scores increased over time in both groups. Moreover, CPFE group had a poorer prognosis, lower 5-year survival rate (43.42 % vs. 65.56 %; P < 0.05), and higher mortality (39.47 % vs. 23.33 %; P < 0.05) as compared to that in the IPF group. All CPFE patients received oxygen therapy, antibiotics and oral N-acetylcysteine; > 50 % received bronchodilators, 40 % received corticosteroids and 14 % needed noninvasive mechanical ventilation. On survival analyses, pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and ≥ 5-point increase in CPI score per year were predictors of mortality in the CPFE group (hazard ratio [HR]: 10.29, 95 % Confidence Interval [CI]: 2.69-39.42 and HR: 21.60, 95 % CI: 7.28-64.16, respectively). CONCLUSION: Patients with CPFE were predominantly male and smokers and exhibited distinct clinical, physiological and radiographic characteristics. They had a poorer prognosis than IPF. PAH and ≥ 5-point increase in CPI score per year were predictors of mortality in these patients. Future studies are needed to identify the optimal treatment approach to CPFE.


Assuntos
Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/complicações , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/mortalidade , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Enfisema Pulmonar/complicações , Enfisema Pulmonar/mortalidade , Acetilcisteína/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , China , Feminino , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Humanos , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oxigenoterapia , Prognóstico , Enfisema Pulmonar/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Análise de Sobrevida , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Capacidade Vital
4.
Int J Clin Exp Med ; 8(6): 8617-25, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26309513

RESUMO

The study aim was to explore the clinical efficacy and safety of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS)/long-acting beta2-agonists (LABA) in combined with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema. 45 patients with combined idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema (CPFE) who were treated with ICS/LABA (Group A), 24 patients with CPFE who were treated without ICS/LABA (Group B) and 35 patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) (Group C) were enrolled into this study. Then, clinical efficacy and safety of ICS/LABA was analyzed through lung function scores and lung high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scans. Compared with baseline levels, the FEV1%, FVC% and DLCO% levels were increased 11.2%, 13.53% and 12.8% respectively in group A, but declined 14.21%, 16.8% and 21.25% respectively in group B, meanwhile, lung HRCT score was declined 9.31 in group A but increased 14.87 in group B, and there was significant difference between group A and group B (P<0.01). Furthermore, the acute outbreak frequency was 44.4% and 75% in group A and B respectively within 12 months (P<0.05); moreover, CPI index and HRCT score were both lower in group A than those in group B in acute episode period (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference of PO2 value between group A and B (P>0.05). The incidence of adverse reaction was higher in group A than that in group B during this study, but there was no significant difference (P>0.05). ICS/LABA therapy could improve lung function condition in patients with CPFE and declined acute out-break frequency and severity of diseases during acute episode period.

5.
J Cell Biochem ; 116(2): 268-76, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25187230

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in the development and progression of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Recently, several studies have shown that miR-99a is downregulated in various cancers, which can affect tumor initiation and maintenance. Herein, we found that miR-99a was downregulated in NSCLC tissues and suppressed tumor metastasis of NSCLC cells. Down-regulation of miR-99a is significantly associated with last-stage and tumor metastasis in NSCLC patients. Further functional experiments found that overexpression of miR-99a inhibit cell proliferation, migration, and invasion of NSCLC cells in vitro and tumor metastasis of NSCLC in vivo. In addition, we also found that AKT1 is directly involved in miR-99a-mediated tumor suppression. Restored the expression of AKT1 partially abolished the suppressive effects miR-99a on proliferation and invasion of NSCLC cells. Collectively, our data suggest that miR-99a plays an important role in the tumorigenesis and metastasis of NSCLC and may serve as a therapeutic target to avoid dissemination of NSCLC cells.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Animais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Immunoblotting , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Transplante Heterólogo
6.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol ; 6(8): 1538-48, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23923072

RESUMO

The wide use of paclitaxel and docetaxel in NSCLC clinical treatment makes it necessary to find biomarkers for identifying patients who can benefit from paclitaxel or docetaxel. In present study, NCI-H460, a NSCLC cell line with different sensitivity to paclitaxel and docetaxel, was applied to DNA microarray expression profiling analysis at different time points of lower dose treatment with paclitaxel or docetaxel. And the complex signaling pathways regulating the drug response were identified, and several novel sensitivity-realted markers were biocomputated.The dynamic changes of responding genes showed that paclitaxel effect is acute but that of docetaxel is durable at least for 48 hours in NCI-H460 cells. Functional annotation of the genes with altered expression showed that genes/pathways responding to these two drugs were dramatically different. Gene expression changes induced by paclitaxel treatment were mainly enriched in actin cytoskeleton (ACTC1, MYL2 and MYH2), tyrosine-protein kinases (ERRB4, KIT and TIE1) and focal adhesion pathway (MYL2, IGF1 and FLT1), while the expression alterations responding to docetaxel were highly co-related to cell surface receptor linked signal transduction (SHH, DRD5 and ADM2), cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction (IL1A and IL6) and cell cycle regulation (CCNB1, CCNE2 and PCNA). Moreover, we also confirmed some different expression patterns with real time PCR. Our study will provide the potential biomarkers for paclitaxel and docetaxel-selection therapy in clinical application.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Paclitaxel/farmacologia , Taxoides/farmacologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Docetaxel , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/genética
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