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1.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1866(1): 165554, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31513833

RESUMO

Activation of interferon (IFN)-I signaling in B cells contributes to the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Recent studies have shown that myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) significantly expand in SLE patients and lupus-prone MRL/lpr mice and contribute to the pathogenesis of SLE. However, the role of SLE-derived MDSCs in regulating IFN-I signaling activation of B cells remains unknown. Here, we demonstrate that expansions of MDSCs, including granulocyte (G)-MDSCs and monocytic (M)-MDSCs, during the progression of SLE were correlated with the IFN-I signature of B cells. Interestingly, G-MDSCs from MRL/lpr mice, but not M-MDSCs, could significantly promote IFN-I signaling activation of B cells and contribute to the pathogenesis of SLE. Mechanistically, we identified that the long non-coding RNA NEAT1 was over-expressed in G-MDSCs from MRL/lpr mice and could induce the promotion of G-MDSCs on IFN-I signaling activation of B cells through B cell-activating factor (BAFF) secretion. Importantly, NEAT1 deficiency significantly attenuated the lupus symptoms in pristane-induced lupus mice. In addition, there was a positive correlation between NEAT1 and BAFF with the IFN signature in SLE patients. In conclusion, G-MDSCs may contribute to the IFN signature in SLE B cells through the NEAT1-BAFF axis, highlighting G-MDSCs as a potential therapeutic target to treat SLE.

2.
Front Immunol ; 10: 1824, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31428103

RESUMO

Macrophages play a critical role in the pathogenesis of endotoxin shock by producing excessive amounts of pro-inflammatory cytokines. A pan-caspase inhibitor, zVAD, can be used to induce necroptosis under certain stimuli. The role of zVAD in both regulating the survival and activation of macrophages, and the pathogenesis of endotoxin shock remains not entirely clear. Here, we found that treatment of mice with zVAD could significantly reduce mortality and alleviate disease after lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge. Notably, in LPS-challenged mice, treatment with zVAD could also reduce the percentage of peritoneal macrophages by promoting necroptosis and inhibiting pro-inflammatory responses in macrophages. In vitro studies showed that pretreatment with zVAD promoted LPS-induced nitric oxide-mediated necroptosis of bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs), leading to reduced pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion. Interestingly, zVAD treatment promoted the accumulation of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in a mouse model of endotoxin shock, and this process inhibited LPS-induced pro-inflammatory responses in macrophages. Based on these findings, we conclude that treatment with zVAD alleviates LPS-induced endotoxic shock by inducing macrophage necroptosis and promoting MDSC-mediated inhibition of macrophage activation. Thus, this study provides insights into the effects of zVAD treatment in inflammatory diseases, especially endotoxic shock.

3.
J Cell Mol Med ; 23(7): 4738-4745, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31062436

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNA MIR503 host gene (MIR503HG) is located on chromosome Xq26.3, and has been found to be deregulated in many types of human malignancy and function as tumour suppressor or promoter based on cancer types. The role of MIR503HG in breast cancer was still unknown. In our study, we found MIR503HG expression was significantly decreased in triple-negative breast cancer tissues and cell lines. Furthermore, we observed low MIR503HG expression was correlated with late clinical stage, lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis. In the survival analysis, we observed that triple-negative breast cancer patients with low MIR503HG expression had a statistically significant worse prognosis compared with those with high MIR503HG expression, and low MIR503HG expression was a poor independent prognostic factor for overall survival in triple-negative breast cancer patients. The study in vitro suggested MIR503HG inhibits cell migration and invasion via miR-103/OLFM4 axis in triple negative breast cancer. In conclusion, MIR503HG functions as a tumour suppressive long non-coding RNA in triple negative breast cancer.

4.
Immunology ; 157(3): 257-267, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31120548

RESUMO

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease that involves a variety of cytokines and cells. Interleukin-16 (IL-16) is highly expressed during allergic airway inflammation and is involved in its development. However, its specific mechanism of action remains unclear. In the present study, we used an animal model of ovalbumin (OVA)-induced allergic asthma with mice harboring an IL-16 gene deletion to investigate the role of this cytokine in asthma, in addition to its underlying mechanism. Increased IL-16 expression was observed during OVA-induced asthma in C57BL/6J mice. However, when OVA was used to induce asthma in IL-16-/- mice, a diminished inflammatory reaction, decreased bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) eosinophil numbers, and the suppression of OVA-specific IgE levels in the serum and BALF were observed. The results also demonstrated decreased levels of T helper type 2 (Th2) and Th17 cytokines upon OVA-induced asthma in IL-16-/- mice. Hence, we confirmed that IL-16 enhances the lung allergic inflammatory response and suggest a mechanism possibly associated with the up-regulation of IgE and the promotion of Th2 and Th17 cytokine production. This work explored the mechanism underlying the regulation of IL-16 in asthma and provides a new target for the clinical treatment of asthma.

5.
J Autoimmun ; 102: 50-64, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31080014

RESUMO

Accumulating evidence suggests granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) can function as an inflammatory mediator, but whether GM-CSF-producing CD4+ T cells (TH-GM-CSF) are a distinct T helper cell subset is lacking. Herein we demonstrate that interleukin (IL)-1ß exclusively drives differentiation of naïve CD4+ T cells into TH-GM-CSF cells via inducing ubiquitination of IL-1 receptor-associated kinase 1 (IRAK1) and subsequent activation of the transcription factor NF-kappaB (NF-κB), independent of RAR-related orphan receptor gamma (RORγt) required for TH17 differentiation. In vivo, TH-GM-CSF cells are present in murine Citrobacter Rodentium infections and mediate colitis following adoptive transfer of CD4+ T cells into Rag1-/- mice via GM-CSF-induced macrophage activation. The TH-GM-CSF cell phenotype is stable and distinct from the TH17 genetic program, but IL-1ß can convert pre-formed TH17 cells into TH-GM-CSF cells, thereby accounting for previously reported associations between IL-17 and GM-CSF. Together, our results newly identify IL-1ß/NF-κB-dependent TH-GM-CSF cells as a unique T helper cell subset and highlight the importance of CD4+ T cell-derived GM-CSF induced macrophage activation as a previously undescribed T cell effector mechanism.

6.
Front Immunol ; 10: 215, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30809230

RESUMO

Dysregulation of macrophage has been demonstrated to contribute to aberrant immune responses and inflammatory diseases. CD11b, expressed on macrophages, plays a critical role in regulating pathogen recognition, phagocytosis, and cell survival. In the present study, we explored the effect of leukadherin-1 (LA1), an agonist of CD11b, on regulating LPS-induced pro-inflammatory response in macrophages and endotoxic shock. Intriguingly, we found that LA1 could significantly reduce mortalities of mice and alleviated pathological injury of liver and lung in endotoxic shock. In vivo studies showed that LA1-induced activation of CD11b significantly inhibited the LPS-induced pro-inflammatory response in macrophages of mice. Moreover, LA1-induced activation of CD11b significantly inhibited LPS/IFN-γ-induced pro-inflammatory response in macrophages by inhibiting MAPKs and NF-κB signaling pathways in vitro. Furthermore, the mice injected with LA1-treated BMDMs showed fewer pathological lesions than those injected with vehicle-treated BMDMs in endotoxic shock. In addition, we found that activation of TLR4 by LPS could endocytose CD11b and activation of CD11b by LA1 could endocytose TLR4 in vitro and in vivo, subsequently blocking the binding of LPS with TLR4. Based on these findings, we concluded that LA1-induced activation of CD11b negatively regulates LPS-induced pro-inflammatory response in macrophages and subsequently protects mice from endotoxin shock by partially blocking LPS-TLR4 interaction. Our study provides a new insight into the role of CD11b in the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases.

7.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 10(1): 22, 2019 01 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30635035

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute liver failure (ALF) is a serious threat to the life of people all over the world. Finding an effective way to manage ALF is important. Human liver stem cells (HLSCs) are early undifferentiated cells that have been implicated in the regeneration and functional reconstruction of the liver. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the protective effects of the HLSC line HYX1 against concanavalin A (ConA)-induced acute liver injury. METHODS: HYX1 cells were characterized by microscopy, functional assays, gene expression, and western blot analyses. We showed that HYX1 cells can differentiate into hepatocytes. We intraperitoneally injected HYX1 cells in mice and administered ConA via caudal vein injection 3, 6, 12, 24, and 48 h later. The effects of HYX1 cell transplantation were evaluated through blood tests, histology, and flow cytometry. RESULTS: HYX1 cells reduced the levels of alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and total bilirubin (TBIL) in serum and dramatically decreased the severity of liver injuries. Mechanistically, HYX1 cells promoted myeloid-derived suppressor cell (MDSC) migration into the spleen and liver, while reducing CD4+ T cell levels in both tissues. In addition, HYX1 cells suppressed the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines, such as tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ), but led to increased interleukin-10 (IL-10) production. CONCLUSIONS: These results confirm the efficacy of HLSCs in the prevention of the ConA-induced acute liver injury through modulation of MDSCs and CD4+ T cell migration and cytokine secretion.

8.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1865(3): 535-546, 2019 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30557700

RESUMO

Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) play an immunosuppressive role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases. CD180, a TLR-like protein, can regulate the proliferation and activation of immune cells. However, the roles of CD180 in regulating the accumulation and function of MDSCs have not been investigated. Here, we found that, compared with non-treated controls, the expression of CD180 was significantly elevated in MDSCs, especially granulocytic MDSCs (G-MDSCs), from mice challenged with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Ligation of CD180 by the anti-CD180 antibody not only blocked the expansion of MDSCs by preventing the phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), but also reduced the immunosuppressive activity of MDSCs on M1 macrophage polarization through inhibition of Arg-1 expression in vitro. In vivo studies showed that injection of anti-CD180 antibody significantly aggravated pathological lesions in mice challenged with LPS. Furthermore, injection of anti-CD180 antibody inhibited the accumulation of G-MDSCs in mice challenged with LPS and reduced the immunosuppressive activity of G-MDSCs on M1 macrophage polarization. Based on these findings, we conclude that ligation of CD180 contributes to the pathogenesis of endotoxic shock by inhibiting the accumulation and immunosuppressive activity of G-MDSCs, thus providing insight into the function of CD180 in inflammatory diseases.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/farmacologia , Antígenos CD/imunologia , Células Supressoras Mieloides/imunologia , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/fisiologia , Choque Séptico/induzido quimicamente , Choque Séptico/imunologia , Animais , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/imunologia , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/imunologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Células Supressoras Mieloides/citologia , Células Supressoras Mieloides/efeitos dos fármacos , Ligação Proteica , Choque Séptico/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia
9.
Front Immunol ; 9: 2643, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30498494

RESUMO

Activation of TLR7 and TLR9 by endogenous RNA- or DNA-containing ligands, respectively, can lead to hyper-activation of immune cells, including macrophages and DCs, subsequently contributes to the pathogenesis of SLE. CD180, a TLR-like protein, is specifically involved in the development and activation of immune cells. Our previous study and others have reported that CD180-negative B cells are dramatically increased in SLE patients and responsible for the production of auto-antibodies. However, the mode of CD180 expression on macrophages and DCs in SLE remains unclear and the role of CD180 on regulating TLR7- and TLR9-mediated activation of macrophages and DCs are largely unknown. In the present study, we found that the percentages of CD180-negative macrophages and DCs were both increased in SLE patients and lupus-prone MRL/lpr mice compared with healthy donors and wild-type mice, respectively. Notably, ligation of CD180 significantly inhibited the activation of TLR7 and TLR9 signaling pathways in macrophages and DCs through the Lyn-SHP-1/2 axis. What's more, injection of anti-CD180 Ab could markedly ameliorate the lupus-symptoms of imiquimod-treated mice and lupus-prone MRL/lpr mice through inhibiting the activation of macrophages and DCs. Collectively, our results highlight a critical role of CD180 in regulating TLR7- and TLR9-mediated activation of macrophages and DCs, hinting that CD180 can be regarded as a potential therapeutic target for SLE treatment.

10.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 34(11): 961-968, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30591103

RESUMO

Objective To study the effect of CD11b agonist leukadherin-1 (LA1) on the aggregation and immunosuppressive function of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) and its therapeutic effect on the condition of endotoxic shock mice. Methods The percentages of MDSCs , granulocytic myeloid-derived suppressor cells(G-MDSCs)and monocytic myeloid-derived suppressor cells(M-MDSCs)in spleen were detected by flow cytometry, after C57BL/6 female mice were injected of LA1 to activate through abdominal cavity for 12 hours and 48 hours. MDSCs were induced from the femur and tibia of C57BL/6 female mice in vitro. The expression levels of immunosuppressive related factors, such as interleukin 10 (IL-10), NADPH oxidase 1 (NOX1) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) , were detected by real time quantitative PCR. C57BL/6 female mice were randomly divided into PBS group, LA1 group, PBS combined LPS group and LA1 combined LPS group. Flow cytometry was utilized to detect the ratio changes of MDSCs, G-MDSCs and M-MDSCs as well as the expression of CD86 and CD40 in macrophage, hematoxylin-eosin staining of lung and liver was utilized to detect the pathological injury, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling(TUNEL)was used to detect the apoptosis of pneumonocyte and hepatocyte and mortality analysis was reflected the severity of the disease. Based on the above indicators, we analyzed the effects of LA1 on the aggregation of MDSCs and the condition of mice in endotoxic shock. Results The ratio of MDSCs was increased by LA1 treatment for 12 and 48 hours. Further analysis of the proportions of G-MDSCs showed that LA1 treatment for 12 hours increased the proportions of G-MDSCs compared with the control group. In vitro, mRNA levels of IL-10, NOX1 and iNOS were increased after LA1 treatment in MDSCs. In vivo experiments, compared with the PBS combined LPS group, the proportions of MDSCs and G-MDSCs in LA1 combined LPS group were increased, the injuries of liver and lung were alleviated, the mortalities were reduced, and the activations of macrophage were decreased. Conclusion The activation of CD11b by LA1 alleviates endotoxin shock by promoting the aggregation of MDSCs and the expression of immunosuppressive related factors.


Assuntos
Benzoatos/farmacologia , Antígeno CD11b/agonistas , Células Supressoras Mieloides/citologia , Choque Séptico/tratamento farmacológico , Tioidantoínas/farmacologia , Animais , Feminino , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , NADPH Oxidase 1/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Distribuição Aleatória , Baço/citologia
11.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 34(8): 695-701, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30384867

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the role of interleukin-16 (IL-16) in the development of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and clarify its regulatory mechanism involved in the pathogenesis of IBD. Methods Seven-week-old wild-type C57BL/6 (WT) and IL-16 knockout (IL-16-/-) female mice were divided into WT control group, WT dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) treatment group, IL-16-/- control group and IL-16-/- DSS treatment group. The DSS model groups were given the water with 25 g/L DSS for 7 days to establish the IBD models, while the control groups were given the normal water. During the modeling period, the body mass of mice was recorded to calculate the body mass curve. After 7 days, the whole colon of the mice was dissected and the level of IL-16 mRNA in the colon tissue was detected by real-time PCR. The level of IL-16 protein in the colon tissue was detected by ELISA. The expression and localization of IL-16 in the colon tissue were observed by immunofluorescence technique. HE staining was used to detect colonic pathological injury in mice. TUNEL assay was used to detect cell apoptosis of the colon tissue. Flow cytometry was used to detect the number and polarization of macrophages in peritoneal cells (F4/80, CD86). Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the distribution of macrophages in the colon tissues. Real-time PCR was used to detect IL-6 and IL-12 mRNA levels in the colon tissue, and IL-6 and IL-12 protein levels were detected by ELISA. Results DSS induced high expression of IL-16 in the colon tissue. Compared with WT DSS treatment group, IL-16-/- DSS treatment group showed less changes in body mass, less colon tissue damage, and markedly lower percents of apoptotic cells in the peritoneal or colonic tissues of IL-16-/- mice. What's more, the number of macrophages, the polarization level of M1 macrophages, and the levels of the iconic inflammatory factors IL-6 and IL-12 significantly decreased in IL-16-/- DSS treatment group compared with WT DSS treatment group. Conclusion IL-16 can aggravate DSS-induced IBD by promoting the polarization of M1 macrophages.

12.
Inflammation ; 41(6): 2090-2100, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30143931

RESUMO

Endotoxin shock is a life-threatening response caused by a disordered immune response to an infection. MDSCs are accumulated and play a protective role in the pathogenesis of endotoxin shock. However, the regulation of MDSCs by small molecule remains unrevealed. Here, we report that arctigenin, a small molecule extracted from Arctium lappa, induces accumulation of functional MDSCs. Arctigenin was able to ameliorate LPS-induced inflammation through accumulating MDSCs, especially granulocytic MDSCs (G-MDSCs), and enhancing the immunosuppressive function of MDSCs in vivo and in vitro. Mechanistically, arctigenin promoted the accumulation of MDSCs through upregulating miR-127-5p which targets the 3'UTR of interferon regulatory factor-8 (IRF8) mRNA. In addition, arctigenin enhanced the immunosuppressive activity of MDSCs on M1 macrophage polarization by elevating the expression of arginase 1 (Arg-1) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). Our study provides new insights into the regulation of functional MDSCs by arctigenin in exerting immune responses and pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases.

13.
Am J Transl Res ; 10(5): 1552-1561, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29887968

RESUMO

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) play important roles in tumor initiation, metastasis, and progression. They are also mainly responsible for high treatment failure rates. Identification and characterization of CSCs are crucial for facilitating the detection, prevention, or therapy of cancer. Great efforts have been paid to develop an effective method and the ideal method for CSCs research is still in the going. In our study, we created an ultra-low concentration of serum and non-adhesive (ULCSN) culture system to enrich CSCs from murine lewis lung cancer cell line LL/2 with cell spheres structure and characterize the LL/2 CSCs properties. Their characteristics were investigated through colony formation, spheres formation, chemoresistance, flow cytometry for putative stem cell markers, such as CD133, CD34 and CD45, immunofluorescence staining and tumor initiation capacity in vivo. Tumor spheres were formed within 7-10 days under the condition of ULCSN culture system. Compared with adherent parental LL/2 cells, the colony capacity, chemo-resistance, and expression of stem cell markers increased significantly in addition to tumor-initiating capability in the tumor sphere cells. Using the ULCSN culture system, an available isolation method of lewis lung CSCs was established, which is simple, effective, and inexpensive compared with the cytokines attachment serum free culture method. The stem cell properties of the tumor sphere LL/2 cells reflected the CSCs phenotypes. We developed a useful CSCs model for basic and pre-clinical studies for lung cancer and other types of cancer.

14.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1863(11): 2796-2807, 2017 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28802852

RESUMO

Autophagy extensively participates in immune responses and inflammatory diseases. Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are derived from CD11b+Gr1+ cells under pathological conditions and play an immunosuppressive role in the pathogenesis of cancer and inflammatory diseases. However, the role of autophagy in regulating the accumulation and activity of MDSCs remains unknown. In the present study, we evaluated the effects and mechanisms of autophagy on regulating accumulation and activity of MDSCs. We first found that granulocytic MDSCs (G-MDSCs), but not monocytic MDSCs (M-MDSCs), were accumulated in mice challenged by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and showed an elevated autophagy activity. Pharmacological inhibition of autophagy significantly enhanced accumulation of G-MDSCs in vivo and in vitro. Notably, inhibition of autophagy enhanced the immunosuppressive activity of G-MDSCs on M1 macrophage polarization by promoting reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Inhibition of autophagy promotes the phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) in G-MDSCs, which is required for the accumulation and activity of MDSCs. In addition, in vivo pharmacological inhibition of autophagy significantly attenuated the condition of mice challenged by LPS. Thus, we conclude that inhibition of autophagy contributes to accumulation and immunosuppressive function of G-MDSCs by promoting the activation of STAT3 signaling, suggesting that autophagy may play a critical role in regulating accumulation and activity of MDSCs. Our study provides new insights into understanding the mechanisms of autophagy in regulating immune responses and pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases.


Assuntos
Autofagia/imunologia , Granulócitos/imunologia , Células Supressoras Mieloides/imunologia , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/imunologia , Choque Séptico/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia , Animais , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Granulócitos/patologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Camundongos , Células Supressoras Mieloides/patologia , Choque Séptico/induzido quimicamente , Choque Séptico/patologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
15.
Cell Mol Immunol ; 14(2): 192-202, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26277892

RESUMO

A hallmark of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is the consistent production of various auto-antibodies by auto-reactive B cells. Interferon-α (IFN-α) signaling is highly activated in SLE B cells and plays a vital role in the antibody response by B cells. Previous studies have shown that CD180-negative B cells, which are dramatically increased in SLE patients, are responsible for the production of auto-antibodies. However, the association between CD180 and IFN-α signaling remains unknown. In the present study, we explored the effect of CD180 on regulating the activation of IFN-α signaling in B cells. We found that the number of CD180-negative B cells was increased in MRL/Mp-Fas(lpr/lpr) lupus-prone mice compared with wild-type mice. Phenotypic analysis showed that CD180-negative B cells comprised CD138+ plasmablast/plasma cells and GL-7+ germinal center (GC) B cells. Notably, ligation of CD180 significantly inhibited the IFN-α-induced phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 2 (STAT-2) and expression of IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs) in a Lyn-PI3K-BTK-dependent manner in vitro. Moreover, ligation of CD180 could also inhibit IFN-α-induced ISG expression in B cells in vivo. Furthermore, the Toll-like receptor 7 and Toll-like receptor 9 signaling pathways could significantly downregulate CD180 expression and modulate the inhibitory effect of CD180 signaling on the activation of IFN-α signaling. Collectively, our results highlight the close association between the increased proportion of CD180-negative B cells and the activation of IFN-α signaling in SLE. Our data provide molecular insight into the mechanism of IFN-α signaling activation in SLE B cells and a potential therapeutic approach for SLE treatment.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Interferon-alfa/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Quinases da Família src/metabolismo , Tirosina Quinase da Agamaglobulinemia , Animais , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/patologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Endogâmicos MRL lpr , Fenótipo , Fosfotirosina/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT2/metabolismo , Baço/metabolismo , Baço/patologia , Receptor 7 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Receptor Toll-Like 9/metabolismo
16.
Immunol Lett ; 181: 71-78, 2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27923569

RESUMO

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) possesses a gender-dependent incidence characterized by a male/female ratio 1:9. B-cell, a vital part of the immune system, plays an important role in pathogenesis of SLE. Thus, we hypothesize that gender differences of B cells may exist in SLE and relate to the onset and the progression of SLE. Here, we showed that the genes expression pattern is similar between healthy female and male. However, SLE female and SLE male showed more upregulated genes, in which the trendline of SLE male is higher than that of SLE female. The most differentially expressed genes between SLE male patients and female patients are only on two chromosomes. While the differentially expressed genes between healthy male and female are distributed on several chromosomes. There are more differentially expressed genes in SLE male vs healthy male than these in SLE female vs healthy female. OAS3, RGS13, STAG3, IFI44L, STS-1, FERIL14, ZBTB16, USP18, USP41, RSAD2, FKBP5, IL1R2, DNAPTP6 and ILI27, which top 14 significantly upregulated mRNAs in SLE patients compared with healthy donors, showed different expression pattern in gender-based analyses. Furthermore, we revealed that this difference may be related to estrogen-induced IFI44L/BAFF. Therefore, we conclude that the diagnosis and treatment of these immune-related diseases should consider the baseline gender-related differences.


Assuntos
Antígenos/metabolismo , Fator Ativador de Células B/metabolismo , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Estrogênios/metabolismo , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/metabolismo , Animais , Antígenos/genética , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/genética , Fator Ativador de Células B/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/genética , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Estrogênios/farmacologia , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Interferon-alfa/metabolismo , Interferon-alfa/farmacologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Fatores Sexuais , Transdução de Sinais , Transcriptoma
17.
Cell Mol Immunol ; 13(6): 764-775, 2016 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26144250

RESUMO

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease characterized by B-cell hyperreactivity. The Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7) signaling pathway is abnormally activated in SLE B cells. CyclinD3 (CCND3) plays an important role in B-cell proliferation, development, and differentiation. Although previous studies focused on the B cell-intrinsic role of TLR7 for the development of spontaneous germinal centers, the influence of TLR7 on CCND3 in SLE B cells is still not clear. Here, we used a B-cell profiling chip and found that CCND3 was related to SLE and significantly elevated in SLE B cells. Moreover, we determined that the expression level of CCND3 was higher, while miR-15b was significantly lower in the B cells from SLE patients and B6.MRL-Faslpr/J lupus mice compared to normal subjects. Furthermore, we demonstrated that the activation of TLR7 dramatically increased CCND3 expression but significantly decreased miR-15b in B cells in vitro and we identified that CCND3 is a direct target of miR-15b. To further confirm our results, we established another lupus model by topically treating C57BL/6 (B6) mice with the TLR-7 agonist imiquimod (IMQ) for 8 weeks according to the previously described protocol. Expectedly, topical treatment with IMQ also significantly increased CCND3 and decreased miR-15b in B cells of B6 mice. Taken together, our results identified that the activation of TLR7 increased CCND3 expression via the downregulation of miR-15b in B cells; thus, these findings suggest that extrinsic factor-induced CCND3 expression may contribute to the abnormality of B cell in SLE.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Ciclina D3/genética , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Receptor 7 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Adulto , Aminoquinolinas , Animais , Antígenos CD19/metabolismo , Análise por Conglomerados , Ciclina D3/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Imiquimode , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/patologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima/genética
18.
Immunol Lett ; 168(2): 355-65, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26545567

RESUMO

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease with prominent chronic inflammatory aspects. Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs), which are the principal interferon-α (IFN-α)-producing cells, have known to be critically involved in SLE pathogenesis. Our previous research demonstrated that a benzenediamine derivative FC-99 possessed anti-inflammatory activities. However, the effects of FC-99 on SLE have not been investigated to date. In this study, we found that FC-99 attenuated lupus-like pathological symptoms and lupus nephritis as well as the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in kidneys of MRL/lpr mice. FC-99 also decreased both the total IgM, total IgG and anti-dsDNA IgG levels in sera and the activation of B cells in the PBMCs and spleens of MRL/lpr mice. Moreover, FC-99 inhibited the abnormal activation and number of pDCs from PBMCs and spleens and levels of IFN-α in MRL/lpr mice. Notably, FC-99 significantly suppressed the expression of IFN-inducible genes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and spleens from MRL/lpr mice. As expected, in vitro experiments demonstrated that FC-99 decreased both the activation and IFN-α production of pDCs and inhibited IRAK4 phosphorylation in pDCs upon TLR7 and TLR9 stimulation. We further confirm that the inhibition of FC-99 on B cell activation depended on level of pDCs-secreting IFN-α. These data indicate that FC-99 attenuated lupus-like syndrome in MRL/lpr mice related to suppression of pDC activation, especially pDCs-secreting IFN-α. This study suggests that FC-99 may be a potential therapeutic candidate for the treatment of SLE.


Assuntos
Alcanossulfonatos/farmacologia , Células Dendríticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Fluorcarbonetos/farmacologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/prevenção & controle , Alcanossulfonatos/química , Animais , Linfócitos B/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/imunologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/metabolismo , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Fluorcarbonetos/química , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Imunoglobulina G/metabolismo , Imunoglobulina M/imunologia , Imunoglobulina M/metabolismo , Mediadores da Inflamação/imunologia , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/imunologia , Rim/metabolismo , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/patologia , Ativação Linfocitária/efeitos dos fármacos , Ativação Linfocitária/imunologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Endogâmicos MRL lpr , Estrutura Molecular , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Baço/efeitos dos fármacos , Baço/imunologia , Baço/metabolismo , Síndrome
19.
Med Hypotheses ; 85(6): 846-9, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26464144

RESUMO

The systemic dysregulation of adaptive and innate immunity have been identified as major hallmark of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) pathogenesis that predominantly affects women. Patients with SLE develop heterogeneous clinical manifestations which involve of multiple organ damage including renal, spleen, nervous system, joints and hematopoietic organs. A high rate of cell death, e.g., NETosis, and clearance deficiencies by myeloid cells led to increased cell debris and accumulation of endogenous nucleic acids, and the presence of anti-nuclear antibodies (ANAs) derived from immune response can break of self-tolerance and exacerbate SLE pathology. Currently, the nucleic acid receptors, such as Toll-like receptors, RIG-I-like receptors, AIM2-like receptors and IFI 200-family have been uncovered to be potential predisposing causes for SLE via triggering interferon (IFN) response and maturation of IL-1ß. Notably, as the newly found DNA sensor, cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS) can activate the stimulator of interferon genes (STING), which plays a pivotal role in DNA/RNA sensing pathway, for type I IFN and other inflammatory cytokines induction including IL-6 and attributes to STING-associated inflammatory disorders. Interestingly, the elevated levels of IFN-α/ß and IFN-stimulated genes were found in SLE patients than healthy individuals. Given this, we propose a hypothesis that the cGAS-STING pathway in multiple organs function versatile and can facilitate overall disease progression of SLE though impertinent cytosolic self-DNA sensing.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Nucleotidiltransferases/metabolismo , Animais , Anticorpos Antinucleares/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Citosol/metabolismo , DNA/análise , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Imunidade Inata , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Inflamação , Interferon Tipo I/metabolismo , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Transdução de Sinais
20.
Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai) ; 47(8): 620-9, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26071573

RESUMO

Estrogens are strongly implicated in gender differences in immune responses by influencing the development and activation of immune cells. Recent studies have shown that myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs), derived from CD11b(+)Gr-1(+) myeloid cells under pathological conditions, play vital roles in modulating immune responses. However, it is still unknown the effects of estrogens on MDSCs. In the present study, we investigated the effects and mechanisms of estrogens on regulating the accumulation of MDSCs. It was found that, compared with male patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), female patients with SLE showed a higher frequency of MDSCs in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and a higher level of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) in serum. Notably, estradiol level in the serum of female patients with SLE was positively correlated with the frequency of MDSCs. Moreover, 17ß-estradiol could promote TNF-α-induced accumulation of MDSCs in vivo by increasing the fundamental frequency of CD11b(+)Gr-1(+) cells. Furthermore, 17ß-estradiol promoted the secretion of TNF-α in vivo, which contributed to the increase of the frequency of CD11b(+)Gr-1(+) cells. In addition, it was also found that female mice showed a higher frequency of CD11b(+)Gr-1(+) cells and a higher TNF-α level in blood than the age-matched male mice. These data indicate that 17ß-estradiol contributes to the accumulation of MDSCs in blood by promoting TNF-α secretion, which increases the fundamental frequency of CD11b(+)Gr-1(+) cells. Our findings provide a new insight into the mechanism of gender difference in the prevalence of inflammation and autoimmune diseases.


Assuntos
Estradiol/metabolismo , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/sangue , Células Mieloides/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Animais , Feminino , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Células Mieloides/patologia , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Supressores Imunológicos/sangue , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
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