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1.
Parasitol Res ; 2019 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31473858

RESUMO

Chicken coccidiosis is caused by the apicomplexan parasite Eimeria spp. At present, drug resistance of Eimeria is common because of the indiscriminate use of anticoccidial drugs. The gene encoding surface antigen 10 of Eimeria tenella (EtSAG10) is differentially expressed between drug-resistant and drug-sensitive strains. RNA-seq analysis indicated that this gene was downregulated in strains resistant to maduramicin and diclazuril compared to susceptible strains. EtSAG10 DNA sequence alignment revealed that they contained one and ten mutations in MRR and DZR, compared with DS, respectively. A full-length EtSAG10 cDNA was successfully cloned and expressed, and the polyclonal antibody was prepared. The transcription and translation levels of EtSAG10 were analyzed by quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) and Western blotting. The localization of EtSAG10 in Spz, Mrz, and parasites in the first asexual stage was determined by indirect immunofluorescence. The potential association of EtSAG10 with sporozoite invasion of host cells was assessed by invasion inhibition assays. The results showed that EtSAG10 had a predicted transmembrane domain at the C-terminal end and a predicted signal peptide at the N-terminal end. EtSAG10 was downregulated in drug-resistant strains, which is consistent with the RNA-seq results. The EtSAG10 protein was localized to the parasite surface and parasitophorous vacuole membrane. This protein was shown to play a role in the infection of chicken intestine by sporozoites.

2.
Int Heart J ; 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484870

RESUMO

Plaque erosion (PE) is a significant substrate of acute coronary thrombosis. An improved ability to distinguish plaque phenotype in vivo among patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is of considerable interest because of the potential to formulate tailored treatment. This study assessed the plaque features and screened the circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) characteristically expressed in patients with PE compared with those with plaque rupture (PR). An miRNA microarray profile was generated in an initial cohort of eight STEMI patients with PE and eight clinically matched subjects with PR to select the circulating miRNAs with significant differences. miRNAs of interest were validated in a prospective cohort, and the plaque characteristics of enrolled patients were assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT). Thirty culprit lesions were classified as PE (32.6%) and 46 as PR (50%). The main component of PE was fibrotic tissue, whereas the chief component of PR was lipids (P < 0.001). Thirty-four miRNAs were differentially expressed between the two groups; we validated five candidates and found that only the level of circulating miR-3667-3p exhibited significant discriminatory power in predicting the presence of PE (AUC = 0.767; P < 0.001). Our results show that high levels of circulating miR-3667-3p are closely related to PE in STEMI patients, which provides further evidence for PE pathophysiology and potential tailor treatment strategies.

3.
J Oleo Sci ; 68(9): 909-922, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484903

RESUMO

The objective of this research was to evaluate the effect of wheat gluten on gut microbiota from hamsters and also analyse whether alterations in microbiota could result in wheat gluten's lipid-lowering properties. Four weeks male hamsters were divided into 3 groups (n=10). Two hypercholesterolemic groups were fed for 35 days with hypercholesterolemic diet, containing 20% (w/w) wheat gluten or casein. Wheat gluten significantly reduced serum total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) concentrations, and also decreased the liver total cholesterol (TC), free cholesterol (FC), cholesterol ester (CE), triglycerides (TG) concentrations. Wheat gluten group had a higher fecal lipids, total cholesterol (TC) and bile acids (BA) than that of casein group (p < 0.05). Moreover, wheat gluten significantly increased total short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) concentrations in feces. Sequencing of 16S rRNA gene revealed that intake of wheat gluten decreased the relative abundances of Firmicutes and Erysipelotrichaceae, but to increased the relative abundances of Bateroidetes, Bacteroidales_S24-7_group and Ruminococcaceae. The lipid lowering properties of wheat gluten was associated with the lower ratio of Firmicutes/Bateroidetes, the lower of the bacterial taxa Erysipelotrichaceae and the higher of the bacterial taxa Bacteroidales_S24-7_group and Ruminococcaceae. These results suggest that wheat gluten modulate cholesterol metabolism by altering intestinal microflora.

4.
Eur Radiol ; 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31485837

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the natural history of persistent pulmonary pure ground-glass nodules (pGGNs) with deep learning-assisted nodule segmentation. METHODS: Between January 2007 and October 2018, 110 pGGNs from 110 patients with 573 follow-up CT scans were included in this retrospective study. pGGN automatic segmentation was performed on initial and all follow-up CT scans using the Dr. Wise system based on convolution neural networks. Subsequently, pGGN diameter, density, volume, mass, volume doubling time (VDT), and mass doubling time (MDT) were calculated automatically. Enrolled pGGNs were categorized into growth, 52 (47.3%), and non-growth, 58 (52.7%), groups according to volume growth. Kaplan-Meier analyses with the log-rank test and Cox proportional hazards regression analysis were conducted to analyze the cumulative percentages of pGGN growth and identify risk factors for growth. RESULTS: The mean follow-up period of the enrolled pGGNs was 48.7 ± 23.8 months. The median VDT of the 52 pGGNs having grown was 1448 (range, 339-8640) days, and their median MDT was 1332 (range, 290-38,912) days. The 12-month, 24.7-month, and 60.8-month cumulative percentages of pGGN growth were 10%, 25.5%, and 51.1%, respectively, and they significantly differed among the initial diameter, volume, and mass subgroups (all p < 0.001). The growth pattern of pGGNs may conform to the exponential model. Lobulated sign (p = 0.044), initial mean diameter (p < 0.001), volume (p = 0.003), and mass (p = 0.023) predicted pGGN growth. CONCLUSIONS: Persistent pGGNs showed an indolent course. Deep learning can assist in accurately elucidating the natural history of pGGNs. pGGNs with lobulated sign and larger initial diameter, volume, and mass are more likely to grow. KEY POINTS: • The pure ground-glass nodule (pGGN) segmentation accuracy of the Dr. Wise system based on convolution neural networks (CNNs) was 96.5% (573/594). • The median volume doubling time (VDT) of 52 pure ground-glass nodules (pGGNs) having grown was 1448 days (range, 339-8640 days), and their median mass doubling time (MDT) was 1332 days (range, 290-38,912 days). The mean time to growth in volume was 854 ± 675 days (range, 116-2856 days). • The 12-month, 24.7-month, and 60.8-month cumulative percentages of pGGN growth were 10%, 25.5%, and 51.1%, respectively, and they significantly differed among the initial diameter, volume, and mass subgroups (all p values < 0.001). The growth pattern of pure ground-glass nodules may conform to exponential model.

5.
J Eukaryot Microbiol ; 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31486160

RESUMO

Enterocytozoon bieneusi is an important opportunistic pathogen widely distributed in humans and animals that causes diarrhea or fatal diarrhea in immunocompromised hosts. To examine the infection status and molecular characteristics of E. bieneusi in pigs, 725 fecal samples were collected from pigs in six areas of Fujian Province. The E. bieneusi genotypes were identified based on the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions of the ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene by nested PCR, and its population genetics were analyzed by multilocus sequence typing (MLST). The results showed that the infection rate of E. bieneusi was 24.4% (177/725), and 11 known genotypes (EbpC, EbpA, CHN-RR2, KIN-1, CHG7, CHS5, CM11, CHG23, G, PigEBITS and D) and 2 novel genotypes (FJF and FJS) were identified. All the genotypes were found to be clustered into zoonotic Group 1. Moreover, 52 positive samples were successfully amplified at minisatellite and microsatellite loci and formed 48 distinct multilocus genotypes (MLGs). Further population structure analyses showed strong genetic linkage disequilibrium (LD) and several recombination events (Rm), indicating that E. bieneusi has a clonal population structure. This study is the first to investigate the prevalence and molecular characteristics of E. bieneusi in Fujian Province and could provide baseline data to control E. bieneusi infection in pigs and humans and deepen our understanding of the zoonotic risk of E. bieneusi and its distribution in China. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

6.
Toxicology ; 427: 152284, 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476334

RESUMO

Sodium nitrite (NaNO2) is an industrial chemical that is frequently used as a food additive to prevent botulism and enhance glossiness, such as curing meat. In addition, in some regions, water source NaNO2 concentrations exceed standard regulatory levels. Whether the excessive intake of NaNO2 has toxic effects on female fertility and fetal development remain unknown. In this study, we administered ICR mice control saline, low-dose NaNO2 (60 mg/kg/day), or high-dose NaNO2 (120 mg/kg/day) by intragastric gavage for 21 days. We then assessed oocyte morphology, spindle-chromosome dynamics, mitochondrial distribution, ATP content, apoptotic cell numbers, DNA damage levels, histone modifications, reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, and offspring survival. Results showed that NaNO2 treatment decreased oocyte number, impaired polar body extrusion, and increased zona pellucida thickness in oocytes. Furthermore, NaNO2 disrupted MII spindle integrity, caused abnormal mitochondrial distribution, decreased ATP content, and increased levels of ROS and H3K4me2. Moreover, the number of oocytes in early stages of apoptosis and with levels of DNA damage increased in NaNO2-treated mice along with decreased offspring numbers and survival rates. We demonstrated the negative effects of NaNO2 on female reproductive abilities in mice.

8.
Cell Cycle ; : 1-16, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478449

RESUMO

Aneuploidy caused by abnormal chromosome segregation during early embryo development leads to embryonic death or congenital malformation. Centromere protein F (CENPF) is a member of centromere protein family that regulates chromosome segregation during mitosis. However, its necessity in early embryo development has not been fully investigated. In this study, expression and function of CENPF was investigated in mouse early embryogenesis. Detection of CENPF expression and localization revealed a cytoplasm, spindle and nuclear membrane related dynamic pattern throughout mitotic progression. Farnesyltransferase inhibitor (FTI) was employed to inhibit CENPF farnesylation in zygotes. The results showed that CENPF degradation was inhibited and its specific localization on nuclear membranes in morula and blastocyst vanished after FTI treatment. Also, CAAX motif mutation leads to failure of CENPF-C630 localization in morula and blastocyst. These results indicate that farnesylation plays a key role during CENPF degradation and localization in early embryos. To further assess CENPF function in parthenogenetic or fertilized embryos development, morpholino (MO) and Trim-Away were used to disturb CENPF function. CENPF knockdown in Metaphase II (MII) oocytes, zygotes or embryos with MO approach resulted in failure to develop into morulae and blastocysts, revealing its indispensable role in both parthenogenetic and fertilized embryos. Disturbing of CENPF with Trim-Away approach in zygotes resulted in impaired development of 2-cell and 4-cell, but did not affect the morula and blastocyst formation because of the recovered expression of CENPF. Taken together, our data suggest CENPF plays an important role during early embryonic development in mice. Abbreviation: CENPF: centromere protein F; MO: morpholino; FTI: Farnesyltransferase inhibitor; CENPE: centromere protein E; IVF: in vitro fertilization; MII: metaphase II; SAC: spindle assembly checkpoint; Mad1: mitotic arrest deficient 1; BUB1: budding uninhibited by benzimidazole 1; BUBR1: BUB1 mitotic checkpoint serine/threonine kinase B; Cdc20: cell division cycle 20.

9.
J Endovasc Ther ; : 1526602819874474, 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496339

RESUMO

Purpose: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of endovascular treatment for iliac artery stenosis caused by Takayasu arteritis (TA). Methods: Twenty-three consecutive TA patients (mean age 28.6±9.5 years; 17 women) with 30 iliac artery stenoses underwent percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) and selective stent implantation between January 2007 and December 2016. All had claudication (Rutherford category 2 or 3). The changes in the Rutherford category, ankle-brachial index (ABI), 6-minute walking capacity, and adverse events were assessed. Results: The success rate of endovascular therapy for iliac artery lesions was 93.3% (28/30). Guidewires could not cross either lesion in a patient with bilateral stenoses. Twenty-four lesions were treated by PTA alone and the other 4 lesions with provisional stents. One patient had a puncture site hematoma. Over an average of 4.8±3.3 years, 18 patients remained asymptomatic or had mild intermittent claudication. The other 4 patients developed moderate to severe intermittent claudication due to progression of a previously existing iliac lesion (n=1) or restenosis (n=3); all 4 underwent PTA. At the last follow-up, improvements were seen in the ABI (0.95±0.12 vs 0.51±0.22, p<0.001), 6-minute walking capacity (409.5±46.1 vs 272.6±32.3 m, p<0.001), and the Rutherford category of 22 patients. One patient died of a hemorrhagic stroke at 27 months due to uncontrolled hypertension. Conclusion: Endovascular therapy was safe and effective in treating TA patients with iliac artery stenosis, with good clinical outcomes in the long term.

10.
J Refract Surg ; 35(9): 583-589, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31498416

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To present the incidence, risk factors, and effect of opaque bubble layer (OBL) formation during flap creation in laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) with a 500-kHz femtosecond laser on visual performance. METHODS: In this retrospective study, preoperative characteristics (age, sex, keratometric value, spherical equivalent, and central corneal thickness) and intraoperative surgical factors (used energy, docking type, and flap thickness) were compared between eyes with and without OBL formation during flap creation. Possible risk factors for specific types of OBLs were analyzed. RESULTS: One hundred thirty-five eyes of 71 patients underwent LASIK, and OBL developed in 98 eyes (72.59%). In the univariate analysis, the greater than 80-µm flap group was associated with a lower OBL occurrence than the 80-µm flap group (P = .0424, odds ratio [OR] = 0.481) and hard docking was associated with increased OBL formation (P = .0001, OR = 6.859). In the multivariate analysis, hard docking was a risk factor for OBL development (P = .0003, OR = 6.329). In the subgroup analysis, hard docking had a marginal effect on OBL occurrence in the 80-µm flap group (P = .086, OR = 3.564), but it had a strong effect in the greater than 80-µm flap group (P = .0018, OR = 10.210). CONCLUSIONS: Hard docking is a risk factor for OBL development. However, hard docking had a small effect on OBL occurrence in the 80-µm flap group during LASIK. OBL formation did not affect visual performance. [J Refract Surg. 2019;35(9):583-589.].

11.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(16)2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31443310

RESUMO

Low field (LF) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) shows potential advantages to study pure heteronuclear J-coupling and observe the fine structure of matter. Power-line harmonics interferences and fixed-frequency noise peaks might introduce discrete noise peaks into the LF-NMR spectrum in an open environment or in a conductively shielded room, which might disturb J-coupling spectra of matter recorded at LF. In this paper, we describe a multi-channel sensor configuration of superconducting quantum interference devices, and measure the multiple peaks of the 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol J-coupling spectrum. For the case of low signal to noise ratio (SNR) < 1, we suggest two noise suppression algorithms using discrete wavelet analysis (DWA), combined with either least squares method (LSM) or gradient descent (GD). The de-noising methods are based on spatial correlation of the interferences among the superconducting sensors, and are experimentally demonstrated. The DWA-LSM algorithm shows a significant effect in the noise reduction and recovers SNR > 1 for most of the signal peaks. The DWA-GD algorithm improves the SNR further, but takes more computational time. Depending on whether the accuracy or the speed of the de-noising process is more important in LF-NMR applications, the choice of algorithm should be made.

12.
Nat Nanotechnol ; 2019 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31451758

RESUMO

Quantum dot (QD) photovoltaic devices are attractive for their low-cost synthesis, tunable band gap and potentially high power conversion efficiency (PCE). However, the experimentally achieved efficiency to date remains far from ideal. Here, we report an in-situ fabrication and investigation of single TiO2-nanowire/CdSe-QD heterojunction solar cell (QDHSC) using a custom-designed photoelectric transmission electron microscope (TEM) holder. A mobile counter electrode is used to precisely tune the interface area for in situ photoelectrical measurements, which reveals a strong interface area dependent PCE. Theoretical simulations show that the simplified single nanowire solar cell structure can minimize the interface area and associated charge scattering to enable an efficient charge collection. Additionally, the optical antenna effect of nanowire-based QDHSCs can further enhance the absorption and boost the PCE. This study establishes a robust 'nanolab' platform in a TEM for in situ photoelectrical studies and provides valuable insight into the interfacial effects in nanoscale solar cells.

13.
BMC Psychiatry ; 19(1): 254, 2019 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31420036

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To measure the serum levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) in deficit schizophrenia (DS), in order to examine the association between these two neurotrophic factors (NFs) and cognitive performance. METHODS: A total of 109 male patients [51 DS and 58 non-deficit schizophrenia (NDS)] with schizophrenia and 40 sex and age matched healthy controls (HC) participated in this study. Processing speed, attention, executive function, and working memory of all subjects were assessed by means of a battery of classical neuropsychological tests. Serum BDNF and GDNF levels were measured simultaneously using a double-antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). RESULTS: There were significant differences in the overall cognitive test scores between three groups (all p < 0.001). Serum BDNF levels were significantly lower in patients (DS and NDS) than in HC (p < 0.001). Furthermore, BDNF levels were lower in the DS compared to the NDS group, although not significantly. However, there was no difference in the GDNF levels between patients (DS and NDS) and HC. GDNF levels were positively correlated with scores of Stroop words only (r = 0.311, p = 0.033), Stroop colors only (r = 0.356, p = 0.014) and Stroop interference (r = 0.348, p = 0.016) in DS group. CONCLUSION: Serum BDNF may be an unsuitable biomarker for DS, despite a significant decrease in schizophrenia patients. The different neurocognitive performance between the DS and NDS patients indicates that DS may be a separate clinical entity of schizophrenia. Finally, higher serum GDNF levels are associated with better cognitive performance in DS patients, indicating a possible neuroprotective function in DS.

14.
ACS Nano ; 13(8): 9421-9430, 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31386342

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) metal sulfides show great promise for their potential applications as electrode materials of sodium ion-batteries because of the weak interlayer van der Waals interactions, which allow the reversible accommodation and extraction of sodium ions. The sodiation of metal sulfides can undergo a distinct process compared to that of lithiation, which is determined by their metal and structural types. However, the structural and morphological evolution during their electrochemical sodiation is still unclear. Here, we studied the sodiation reaction dynamics of TiS2 by employing in situ transmission electron microscopy and first-principles calculations. During the sodium-ion intercalation process, we observed multiple intermediate phases (phase II, phase Ib, and phase Ia), different from its lithiation counterpart, with varied sodium occupation sites and interlayer stacking sequences. Further insertion of Na ions prompted a multistep extrusion reaction, which led to the phase separation of Ti metal from the Na2S matrix, with its 2D morphology expanded to a 3D morphology. In contrast to regular conversion electrodes, TiS2 still maintained a compact structure after a full sodiation. First-principles calculations reveal that the as-identified phases are thermodynamically preferred at corresponding intercalation/extrusion stages compared to other possible phases. The present work provides the fundamental mechanistic understanding of the sodiation process of 2D transition metal sulfides.

15.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(4): 1008-1012, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418349

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of nucleophosmin (NPM) in the proliferation of chronic myeloid leukemia cells (K562 cells) and its mechanism by RNAi technology. METHODS: shRNA was used to inhibit the expression of NPM. The expression of NPM gene was detected by real-time quantitative PCR. The effect of inhibiting NPM gene on cell proliferation was detected by MTS assay. Change of cell cycle was detected by flow cytometry. Western blot was used to detect the expression of cell cycle-related proteins. RESULTS: The shRNA lentiviral vector targeting at NPM gene was successfully constructed and used to transfect the K562 cells. The results showed that compared with the control groups, suppression of NPM gene expression in K562 cells could inhibit the cell proliferation and decrease the cell colony formation. Moreover, interference of NPM gene could prolong G0/G1 phase and arrest cell cycle, which may be related to the down-regulation of NPM gene expression and activation of p21 protein expression, thereby inhibited the formation of CDK2/ Cyclin E complex. CONCLUSION: Down-regulation of NPM gene expression in K562 cells can induce cell cycle arrest and inhibit cell proliferation.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva , Apoptose , Proliferação de Células , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Células K562 , Proteínas Nucleares
16.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 142: 111556, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31377574

RESUMO

Nowadays, nanomaterials with enzymatic properties have aroused wide interest because of their special advantages, such as catalytic activity, simple preparation method and high stability. We introduced new nanoenzymes to a label-free electrochemical immunosensor for Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBs Ag) detection. In this study, PtPd nanocubes@MoS2 nanoenzymes (PtPd NCs@MoS2) were prepared by loading PtPd nanocubes (PtPd NCs) on molybdenum disulfide nano-sheet (MoS2) through in situ redox polymerization. The prepared nanoenzymes exhibited enhanced peroxidase-like activity than separate MoS2 and PtPd NCs. The catalytic process of PtPd NCs@MoS2 is in agreement with the Michaelis-Menten kinetic equation. PtPd NCs@MoS2 were used for sensitive detection of HBs Ag, which is ascribed to their superior peroxidase activity, good conductivity and high specific surface area and synergistic amplification for current signals. Compared with the detection limit of colorimetric method (3.3 pg/mL), the electrochemical method (10.2 fg/mL) shows a lower detection limit and a wider linear range from 32 fg/mL to 100 ng/mL, so it is more suitable for quantitative analysis of Hepatitis B. In summary, the prepared immunosensor provides a better opportunity for early diagnosis of Hepatitis B and also has further applications in biosensing and medical diagnostics.

17.
PLoS One ; 14(8): e0221104, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31425535

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a class of functional non-coding transcripts that are longer than 200 nt and regulate gene expression via diverse mechanisms in eukaryotes. In fact, they have emerged as critical epigenetic and transcriptional regulators of autophagy in mammals in response to various stressors. Autophagy not only plays a crucial role in maintaining cellular homeostasis, but it is also essential to immunity, targets intracellular pathogens for degradation, modulates inflammation, and participates in adaptive immune responses. However, the expression profile of lncRNA and its role in regulating autophagy in macrophages have been poorly defined. Here, we used transcriptomic and bioinformatics to analysis LncRNA expression profile during autophagy and functional studies to evaluate the function of the metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript-1 (Malat1) lncRNA in macrophages. A total of 1112 putative lncRNAs (240 novel lncRNAs) were identified, including 831 large intergenic, 129 intronic, and 152 anti-sense lncRNA, of which 59 differentially expressed transcripts exhibited a greater than 1.5-fold change under different conditions. The interaction of Malat1 lncRNA with microRNA (mir)-23-3p and lysosomal-associated membrane protein 1 (Lamp1) was found, Malat1 releases inhibition of Lamp1 expression in macrophages through competitive adsorption of mir-23-3p. The results of this study provide a better understanding of lncRNA function in macrophages and a basis for further investigation into the roles and mechanisms of ncRNA in immunology, particularly the functions of Malat1 and mir-23-3p in the pathogenesis of macrophages.

18.
Environ Technol ; : 1-8, 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446888

RESUMO

The effect of the novel composite material LiNbO3@Fe3O4 on the nitrate removal, and Mn2+ oxidation efficiency by autotrophic denitrification strain Achromobacter sp. A14 was investigated in this study. The optimum conditions were tested by using five levels of initial Mn2+ concentrations (40, 60, 80, 100 and 120 mg/L), initial pH (5.0, 6.0, 7.0, 8.0 and 9.0) and temperature (20, 25, 30, 35 and 40°C). A maximal nitrate removal ratio of nearly 100% and a maximal Mn2+ oxidation ratio of 71.59% were simultaneously achieved at pH 7.0, 80 mg/L Mn2+ and 30°C by bacteria A14 with 300 mg/L LiNbO3@Fe3O4 as catalytic material. Biomaterial cycle testing indicated that the denitrification efficiency of bacteria A14 with LiNbO3@Fe3O4 remained steady after 10 batches.

19.
Tissue Cell ; 59: 51-61, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383289

RESUMO

We used a murine spontaneous osteosarcoma cell line with high metastatic potential, the K7M2 cell line to study the role of Notch signaling in the biological manifestations of osteosarcoma, to understand its underlying mechanism in the regulation of cell proliferation and migration, and to improve patient prognosis in cases of osteosarcoma through the discovery of novel therapeutic targets, First, Notch expression in K7M2 was determined by immunostaining, and the γ-secretase inhibitor N-[N-(3,5-Difluorophenacetyl)-L-alanyl]-S-phenylglycine t-butyl ester (DAPT) was used to inhibit proteolytic cleavage of the Notch intracellular domain (NICD), resulting in the inhibition of Notch activation. By using the Sulforhodamine B assay, colony-forming units assay, Brdu and Ki67 staining, and flow cytometry assays of apoptosis and cell cycle stage, DAPT was found to inhibit K7M2 proliferation in a dose-dependent manner. By using wound healing and transwell migration assays, DAPT was found to inhibit K7M2 migration in a dose-dependent manner as well. By using a combination of micro-Raman spectroscopy and K-means clustering analysis, we found that DAPT inhibit a variety of important cell metabolism-related components in most K7M2 cell structures. Then, DAPT was found to inhibit Notch1ICD expression in a concentration-dependent manner, and this expression was directly correlated with Phospho-Erk1/2 (p-Erk) by using Western blotting. To confirm this finding, we used the Notch signaling ligand Jagged1 to activate the Notch signaling pathway, which in turn up-regulated p-Erk, resulting in increased proliferation and migration of K7M2. Using the Erk pathway inhibitor U0126, we showed that p-Erk was downregulated and the proliferation and migration of K7M2 decreased along with it. Finally, we constructed a K7M2 mouse para-tibial tumor model and lung metastatic model. We found DAPT inhibits p-Erk in vivo, effectively controls tumor growth, reduces angiogenesis, reduces metastasis to the lungs, and improves overall survival. In summary, Notch signaling plays an oncogene role and promotes metastasis in osteosarcoma through p-Erk. DAPT effectively inhibits osteosarcoma proliferation and metastasis in vivo and in vitro by inhibiting Erk phosphorylation. Therefore, the inhibition of Notch activation resulted the down-regulation of phosphorylation of Erk pathway can be used as potential therapeutic targets in clinical treatment to improve osteosarcoma prognosis.

20.
Phytopathology ; 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31369364

RESUMO

Poplar are important forestry species in China, but the Botryosphaeria dothidea pathogen causes serious economic losses worldwide. To identify candidate B. dothidea resistance proteins and explore the molecular mechanisms involved in poplar-pathogen interactions, proteomic responses of stem samples from resistant and susceptible poplar ecotypes to B. dothidea were investigated using nanoflow liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) with label-free quantitative analysis. We identified 588 proteins, divided into 21 biological process categories including 48 oxidoreductases, 72 hydrolytic enzymes, 80 metabolic enzymes, and 29 proteins of unknown function. Differential proteome analysis revealed large differences between resistant P. tomentosa and susceptible P. beijingensis Hsu ecotypes before and after inoculation. Among 102 identified proteins, 22 were highly up-regulated in the resistant genotype but down-regulated in the susceptible genotype. Proteins induced in P. tomentosa in response to B. dothidea are associated with plant defenses including oxidoreductase activity (catalase, isocitrate dehydrogenase, and superoxide dismutase), phenylpropanoid biosynthesis and phenylalanine metabolism (alcohol dehydrogenase), photosynthesis (ATP synthase subunit alpha, ATP synthase gamma chain, photosystem I P700 chlorophyll a apoprotein A2, photosystem II CP47 chlorophyll apoprotein), carbon fixation (pyruvate kinase, triosephosphate isomerase, malic enzyme, phosphoglycerate kinase, ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase, and ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase small chain), and glycolysis/gluconeogenesis (fructose-bisphosphate aldolase). Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis identified 168 proteins related to metabolic pathways, 41 proteins related to the biosynthesis of phenylpropanoids, and 36 proteins related to the biosynthesis of plant hormones, the biosynthesis of alkaloids derived from ornithine, lysine, and nicotinic acid, and photosynthesis in response to B. dothidea. Our findings provide insight into plant-pathogen interactions in resistant and susceptible poplar ecotypes infected with B. dothidea, and could assist the development of novel strategies for fighting poplar canker disease.

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