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1.
Molecules ; 25(5)2020 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32155966

RESUMO

A nitrogen dioxide (NO2) photoacoustic sensor for environmental monitoring was developed using a low-cost high-power laser diode emitting at 450 nm. A compact low-noise photoacoustic detection module was designed to reduce the sensor size and to suppress noise. A LabVIEW-based control system was employed for the sensor. The parameters of the sensor were studied in detail in terms of laser power and operating pressure. The linearity of the sensor response with laser power and NO2 concentration confirms that saturation does not occur. At atmospheric pressure, a 3σ detection limit of 250 ppt (part per trillion by volume) was achieved with a 1-s averaging time, which corresponds to the specific detectivity of 3.173 × 10-9 W cm-1 Hz-1/2. A 72 h outdoor continuous on-line monitoring of environmental NO2 was implemented to demonstrate the reliability and validity of the developed NO2 sensor.

2.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 1573, 2020 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32218438

RESUMO

Near-infrared (NIR) fluorescent probes are among the most attractive chemical tools for biomedical imaging. However, their in vivo applications are hindered by albumin binding, generating unspecific fluorescence that masks the specific signal from the analyte. Here, combining experimental and docking methods, we elucidate that the reason for this problem is an acceptor (A) group-mediated capture of the dyes into hydrophobic pockets of albumin. This pocket-capturing phenomenon commonly applies to dyes designed under the twisted intramolecular charge-transfer (TICT) principle and, therefore, represents a generic but previously unidentified backdoor problem. Accordingly, we create a new A group that avoids being trapped into the albumin pockets (pocket-escaping) and thereby construct a NIR probe, BNLBN, which effectively prevents this backdoor problem with increased imaging accuracy for liver fibrosis in vivo. Overall, our study explains and overcomes a fundamental problem for the in vivo application of a broad class of bioimaging tools.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32185737

RESUMO

Roxarsone (3-nitro-4-hydroxyphenylarsonic acid) is an extensively used organoarsenic feed additive. The effective removal of arsenic from roxarsone degradation before discharging is of great importance for controlling artificial arsenic pollution in aquatic environment. In this study, a bifunctional TiO2/ferrihydrite (TiO2/FeOOH) hybrid was synthesized by a hydrothermal method for the simultaneously photocatalytic degradation of roxarsone and adsorption removal of released arsenic. The analysis of the prepared TiO2/FeOOH by field-emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Raman spectra, X-ray diffraction (XRD), diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) confirmed the successful formation of the hybrid of crystalline TiO2 and no crystalline FeOOH. TiO2/FeOOH hybrid had better adsorption capacity for As(V) than roxarsone. Compared to TiO2, the TiO2/FeOOH hybrid exhibited much superior UV-driven photocatalytic activities for roxarsone degradation. After 12 h irradiation, more than 96% of roxarsone was degraded by 1:1 TiO2/FeOOH hybrid, and the released As(V) was simultaneously removed from the solution. The residual As(V) concentration was lower than 0.02 mg L-1. The reusability test indicated that TiO2/FeOOH hybrid had excellent stability and reliability. The possible mechanism of roxarsone degradation and released inorganic arsenics removal by this hybrid was also proposed. These results clearly indicated that the TiO2/FeOOH hybrid could be used for the removal of roxarsone and its degradation product.

4.
Ann Diagn Pathol ; 46: 151487, 2020 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32151991

RESUMO

Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) is a rare malignant angiocentric vascular neoplasm. Around 90% of classic EHE has a t(1;3)(p36;q25) that results in a WWTR1-CAMTA1 fusion gene, a histologically distinctive subset of EHE has been recently shown to have a t(10;14)(p13;q42)that results in a different fusion gene, YAP1-TFE3. Twenty-one cases of TFE3 Rearranged Epithelioid Hemangioendothelioma have been reported in the literature, and only two cases occurred in bone. In the report, we report additional two cases occurred in the femur and skull and review the related literature.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32209167

RESUMO

A novel bacterium, designated strain SYSU M00256-3T, was isolated from a water sample collected from Pearl River Estuary at Guangzhou, PR China. Its taxonomic position was determined by using a polyphasic approach. Cells of the strain were Gram-staining-negative, motile, aerobic and rod-shaped with peritrichous flagella. It could grow at 15-45 °C, pH 4.0-10.0 and in the presence of 0-7.5 % (w/v) NaCl. The chemotaxonomic features of strain SYSU M00256-3T included ubiquinone-10 (Q-10) as the sole respiratory quinone; phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylmethylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and an unidentified phospholipid as major polar lipids; summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c and C18 : 1 ω6c) as the predominant fatty acids (>70 %). On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain SYSU M00256-3T was most closely related to the type strains of Roseibium hamelinense CGMCC 1.12584T (97.7 %) and R. aquae CGMCC 1.12426T (97.2 %), R. sediminis KCTC 52373T (96.7 %), R. denhamense CGMCC 1.12583T (96.4 %). The average nucleotide identity (ANI) values between R. aestuarii SYSU M00256-3T and R. hamelinense CGMCC 1.12584T, R. aquae CGMCC 1.12426T, R. denhamense CGMCC 1.12583T and R. sediminis KCTC 52373T were 78.0, 78.2, 77.7 and 78.8, and the dDDH value is 20.0, 20.8, 20.1 and 20.6 correspondingly. Based on the analyses of the phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic characteristics, strain SYSU M00256-3T is characterized to represent a novel species of the genus Roseibium, for which the name Roseibium aestuarii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SYSU M00256-3T (=NBRC 112946T=CGMCC 1.16156T).

6.
Br J Clin Pharmacol ; 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32077136

RESUMO

AIMS: Chinese children are more susceptible to the development of thiopurine-induced leukopenia compared with Caucasian populations. The aim of our study was to establish a 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) dose-concentration-response relationship through exploration of pharmacogenetic factors involved in the thiopurine-induced toxicities in Chinese paediatric patients afflicted by acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). METHODS: Blood samples were obtained from ALL children treated with 6-MP. We determined the metabolite steady-state concentrations of 6-MP in red blood cells (RBCs) by using high-performance liquid chromatography. Pharmacogenetic analysis was carried out on patients' genomic DNA using the MassArray genotyping platform. RESULTS: Sixty children afflicted by ALL who received 6-MP treatment were enrolled in this study. The median concentration of 6-thioguanine in patients afflicted by leukopenia was 235.83 pmol/8 × 108 RBCs, which was significantly higher than for patients unafflicted by leukopenia (178.90 pmol/8 × 108 RBCs; P = 0.029). We determined the population special target 6-thioguanine threshold to have equalled 197.50 pmol/8 × 108 RBCs to predict leukopenia risk in Chinese paediatric patients afflicted by ALL. Among 36 candidate single nucleotide polymorphisms, our results indicated that NUDT15 (rs116855232) and IMPDH1 (rs2278293) were correlated with a 5.50-fold and 5.80-fold higher risk of leukopenia, respectively. MTHFR rs1801133 variants were found to have had a 4.46-fold significantly higher risk of hepatotoxicity vs wild-type genotype. CONCLUSION: Our findings support the idea that predetermination of genotypes and monitoring of thiopurine metabolism for Chinese paediatric patients afflicted by ALL is necessary to effectively predict the efficacy of treatments and to minimize the adverse effects of 6-MP maintenance therapy.

7.
Med Phys ; 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32040214

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Spot-scanning proton arc therapy (SPAT) is an emerging modality to improve plan conformality and delivery efficiency. A greedy and heuristic method is proposed in the existing SPAT algorithm to select energy layers and sequence energy switching with gantry rotation, which does not promise optimality in either dosimetry or efficiency. We aim to develop a method to solve the energy layer switching and dosimetry optimization problems in an integrated framework for SPAT. METHODS: In an integrated approach, energy layer optimization for spot-scanning proton arc therapy (ELO-SPAT) is formulated with a dose fidelity term, a group sparsity regularization, a log barrier regularization, and an energy sequencing (ES) penalty. The combination of L2,1/2-norm group sparsity regularization and log barrier function allows one energy layer being selected per control point. The ES regularization term sorts the delivery sequence from high energy to low energy to reduce the total energy layer switching time (ELST) and subsequently the total delivery time. Within the ES penalty, the gradient of layer weights between adjacent beams is first calculated along beam direction and then along energy direction. The gradients indicate energy switch patterns between two adjacent beams. The time-wise costly energy switch-up is more heavily penalized in the ES term. This ELO-SPAT method was tested on one frontal base-of-skull (BOS) patient, one chordoma (CHDM) patient with a simultaneous integrated boost, one bilateral head-and-neck (H&N) patient, and one lung (LNG) patient. We compared ELO-SPAT with intensity-modulated proton therapy (IMPT) using discrete beams and SPArc by Ding et al. For the two arc algorithms, both the plans with and without energy sequencing were created and compared. RESULTS: Energy layer optimization for spot-scanning proton arc therapy reduced the runtime of optimization by 84% on average compared with the greedy SPArc method. In both the ELO-SPAT plans with and without ES, one energy layer per control point was selected. Without ES regularization, the energy sequence was arbitrary, with around 40-60 switch-up for the tested cases. After adding ES regularization, the number of energy switch-up was reduced to less than 20. Compared with the energy sequenced SPArc plans, the ELO-SPAT plans with ES led to 24% less total ELST for synchrotron plans and 14% less for cyclotron plans. Both the ELO-SPAT and SPArc plans achieved better sparing compared with the IMPT plans for most Organs-at-risks (OARs), with or without ES. Without ES, the ELO-SPAT plans achieved further improvement of the OARs compared with the SPArc plans, with an averaged reduction of OAR [Dmean, Dmax] by [1.57, 3.34] GyRBE. Adding the ES regularization degraded the plan quality, but the ELO-SPAT plans still had comparable or slightly better sparing than the SPArc plans with ES, with an averaged reduction of OAR [Dmean, Dmax] by [1.42, 2.34] GyRBE. CONCLUSION: We developed a computationally efficient spot-scanning proton arc optimization method, which solved energy layer selection and sequencing in an integrated framework, generating plans with good dosimetry and high delivery efficiency.

8.
Cancer Med ; 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32052594

RESUMO

Recent studies have demonstrated that various long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) participate in the gastric cancer (GC) development and metastasis. Some lncRNAs exert their regulatory function by interacting with microRNAs. Here we identified a novel lncRNA RP11-81H3.2 that was highly expressed in the GC tissue and cell lines. RP11-81H3.2 knockdown significantly inhibited the proliferation, migration, and invasion of GC cells. Mechanistically, we demonstrated that RP11-81H3.2 directly interacted with miR-339 while miR-339 regulated the HNRNPA1 expression by targeting HRRNPA1 3'-UTR. RP11-81H3.2-miR-339-HNRNPA1 interaction network regulated the GC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Moreover, our results confirmed that RP11-81H3.2 knockdown suppressed the tumor growth of GC in a xenograft model in vivo. In summary, the results suggest that RP11-81H3.2 functions as an oncogene in GC and could be utilized as a promising diagnosis and therapeutic marker for GC treatment.

9.
Adv Mater ; : e1908494, 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32053226

RESUMO

Implementing the utilization of lithium metal in actual processing and application conditions is essential for next-generation high-energy batteries at a practical level. However, the air/water instability of the high-reactive Li metal remains unsolved. Here, a water-stable Li metal anode with ultrahigh-rate capability enabled by a rationally designed architecture is reported. A hydrophobic graphene framework, consists of an array of vertically aligned sheets and a roof of sloping-aligned sheets, is utilized to fully host lithium metal. As a result, it is first demonstrated that the composite Li metal anode can run stably even after it directly contacts with water. In addition, both the arrays and the roof in the framework are directional graphene microsheets that can provide fast charge transport kinetics in the anode without tortuosity. Therefore, the anode can operate at an extremely high current density of 50 mA cm-2 with long-term cycling stability. Importantly, the composite Li anodes in Li||LiFePO4 and Li||NCM-811 cells also show much improved performances than Li metal foil under crucial conditions of lean electrolyte and low negative/positive capacity ratio. This design provides a significant stride in the safety toward the practicability of low air/water tolerance materials.

10.
Eur J Neurosci ; 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32065697

RESUMO

Low-frequency electromagnetic field (LF-EMF) stimulation is an emerging neuromodulation tool that is attracting more attention because of its non-invasive and well-controlled characteristics. However, the effect of different LF-EMF features including the forms and the time of addition on neuronal activity has not been completely understood. In this study, we used multi-electrode array (MEA) systems to develop a flexible in vitro magnetic stimulation device with plug-and-play features that allows for real-time delivery of LF-EMFs to biological tissues. Crucially, the method enables different forms of LF-EMF to be added at any time to a long-term potentiation (LTP) experiment without interrupting the process of LTP induction. We demonstrated that the slope of field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSPs) decreased significantly under post or priming uninterrupted sine LF-EMFs. The fEPSPs slope would continue to decline significantly when LF-EMFs were added two times with a 20-min interval. Paired-pulse ratio (PPR) was analyzed and the results reflected that LF-EMFs induced LTP was expressed postsynaptically. The results of pharmacological experiments indicated that AMPA receptor activity was involved in the process of LTP loss caused by post-LF-EMFs. Moreover, the effect of priming sine or Quadripulse stimulation (QPS)-patterned LF-EMFs depended on the time interval between the end of LF-EMF and the beginning of baseline recording. Interestingly, the effect of sine LF-EMFs on LTP would not disappear within 120 min, while the impact of QPS-patterned LF-EMFs on LTP might disappear after 90 min. These results indicated that LF-EMF might have a form- and time-dependent effect on LTP.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32017171

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been identified recently as pivotal regulators in the development and progression of cancers, generally by acting as competing endogenous RNAs of microRNAs (miRNAs) to regulate gene expression. The dysregulation of circRNAs in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has attracted much attention, but the precise role of circRNAs in HCC remains largely unknown. In this study, we aimed to investigate the potential role of circular RNA PVT1 (circPVT1), a newly identified cancer-related circRNA, in HCC. Herein, we found that circPVT1 expression was significantly upregulated in HCC tissues and cell lines. Knockdown of circPVT1 significantly reduced the growth and colony formation, and increased cell apoptosis, of HCC cells. Our results further identified circPVT1 as a sponge for miR-3666. Knockdown of circPVT1 significantly increased miR-3666 expression in HCC cells. Moreover, miR-3666 expression was significantly downregulated in HCC tissues and was inversely correlated with circPVT1 expression. In addition, the overexpression of miR-3666 inhibited the growth of HCC cells by targeting Sirtuin 7 (SIRT7). Notably, miR-3666 inhibition or SIRT7 overexpression partially reversed the circPVT1 knockdown-mediated inhibitory effect on HCC cell growth. Overall, these results demonstrate that downregulation of circPVT1 represses HCC cell growth by upregulating miR-3666 to inhibit SIRT7, suggesting circPVT1 as a potential therapeutic target for HCC. Our study highlights the involvement of circPVT1/miR-3666/SIRT7 in regulating HCC cell growth.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31967341

RESUMO

Visceral hypersensitivity (VH) is common in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and female patients are more likely to seek healthcare services for IBS-related abdominal pain. Oestrogen has been reported to mediate pain modulation via its receptor, and mast cells are known to participate in the development of visceral hypersensitivity. Our previous studies showed that the G-protein-coupled oestrogen receptor (GPER, also known as GPR30) was expressed by mast cells in human colonic tissues and was associated with IBS type and severity of visceral pain. However, whether GPER is involved in oestrogen-dependent visceral hypersensitivity via mast cell degranulation is still unknown. Rats were subjected to wrap partial restraint stress to induce visceral hypersensitivity and were ovariectomized (OVX) to eliminate the effects of oestrogen on visceral hypersensitivity. OVX rats were treated with oestrogen, an oestrogen receptor α and ß antagonist (ICI 182.780), a GPER antagonist (G15) or a GPER agonist (G1), to evaluate the effects of oestrogen via its receptor. The colorectal distention test was performed to assess visceral sensitivity. Immunofluorescence studies were performed to evaluate GPER and mast cell tryptase co-expression. Mast cell number with degranulation was detected by specific staining. Mast cell tryptase expression in rat colon was also investigated by Western blot and immunohistochemistry. Substance P and histamine expression were examined by ELISA. GPER was expressed by the majority of tryptase-positive mast cells in the colonic mucosa. Stressed rats showed increased visceral sensitivity, increased mast cell degranulation, mast cell tryptase expression, and increased colon histamine levels. Ovariectomy reduced stress-induced VH in female rats and decreased mast cell degranulation, mast cell tryptase expression, and histamine levels, whereas oestrogen replacement reversed these effects. In OVX rats, the GPER antagonist G15 counteracted the enhancing effects of oestrogen on stress-induced VH, mast cell degranulation, mast cell tryptase, and histamine expression, whereas VH was preserved after treatment with ICI 182.780. On the other hand, pretreatment with the selective GPER agonist G1 at doses between 1 and 20 µg/kg significantly increased VH, mast cell tryptase, and histamine expression in OVX-stressed rats, mimicking the effects of oestrogen. GPER plays a pivotal role in the regulation of mast cell degranulation, mast cell tryptase expression, and histamine levels and contributes to the development of colonic hypersensitivity in a female rat model of IBS.

13.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 106(2): 440-448, 2020 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31928642

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Recent studies suggest that ultrahigh-dose-rate, "FLASH," electron radiation therapy (RT) decreases normal tissue damage while maintaining tumor response compared with conventional dose rate RT. Here, we describe a novel RT apparatus that delivers FLASH proton RT (PRT) using double scattered protons with computed tomography guidance and provide the first report of proton FLASH RT-mediated normal tissue radioprotection. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Absolute dose was measured at multiple depths in solid water and validated against an absolute integral charge measurement using a Faraday cup. Real-time dose rate was obtained using a NaI detector to measure prompt gamma rays. The effect of FLASH versus standard dose rate PRT on tumors and normal tissues was measured using pancreatic flank tumors (MH641905) derived from the KPC autochthonous PanCa model in syngeneic C57BL/6J mice with analysis of fibrosis and stem cell repopulation in small intestine after abdominal irradiation. RESULTS: The double scattering and collimation apparatus was dosimetrically validated with dose rates of 78 ± 9 Gy per second and 0.9 ± 0.08 Gy per second for the FLASH and standard PRT. Whole abdominal FLASH PRT at 15 Gy significantly reduced the loss of proliferating cells in intestinal crypts compared with standard PRT. Studies with local intestinal irradiation at 18 Gy revealed a reduction to near baseline levels of intestinal fibrosis for FLASH-PRT compared with standard PRT. Despite this difference, FLASH-PRT did not demonstrate tumor radioprotection in MH641905 pancreatic cancer flank tumors after 12 or 18 Gy irradiation. CONCLUSIONS: We have designed and dosimetrically validated a FLASH-PRT system with accurate control of beam flux on a millisecond time scale and online monitoring of the integral and dose delivery time structure. Using this system, we found that FLASH-PRT decreases acute cell loss and late fibrosis after whole-abdomen and focal intestinal RT, whereas tumor growth inhibition is preserved between the 2 modalities.


Assuntos
Órgãos em Risco/efeitos da radiação , Terapia com Prótons/instrumentação , Lesões Experimentais por Radiação/prevenção & controle , Proteção Radiológica/instrumentação , Radioterapia Guiada por Imagem/instrumentação , Abdome/efeitos da radiação , Animais , Proliferação de Células/efeitos da radiação , Desenho de Equipamento/métodos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Fibrose , Raios gama , Intestino Delgado/patologia , Intestino Delgado/efeitos da radiação , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Tratamentos com Preservação do Órgão/instrumentação , Tratamentos com Preservação do Órgão/métodos , Órgãos em Risco/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/radioterapia , Terapia com Prótons/métodos , Proteção Radiológica/métodos , Radiometria/métodos , Radioterapia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Espalhamento de Radiação , Células-Tronco/efeitos da radiação , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
14.
Med Phys ; 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31967655

RESUMO

While the review of radiotherapy treatment plans and charts by a medical physicist is a key component of safe, high-quality care, very few specific recommendations currently exist for this task. The goal of TG-275 is to provide practical, evidence-based recommendations on physics plan and chart review for radiation therapy. While this report is aimed mainly at medical physicists, others may benefit including dosimetrists, radiation therapists, physicians and other professionals interested in quality management. The scope of the report includes photon/electron external beam radiotherapy (EBRT), proton radiotherapy, as well as high-dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy for gynecological applications (currently the highest volume brachytherapy service in most practices). The following review time points are considered: initial review prior to treatment, weekly review, and end-of-treatment review. The Task Group takes a risk-informed approach to developing recommendations. A failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) was performed to determine the highest-risk aspects of each process. In the case of photon/electron EBRT, a survey of all American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) members was also conducted to determine current practices. These data were used to inform recommendations. The highest-risk failure modes included 112 failure modes in photon/electron EBRT initial review, 55 in weekly and end-of-treatment review, 24 for initial review specific to proton therapy, and 48 in HDR brachytherapy. Tables of recommended checks are presented and recommendations for best practice are discussed. Suggestions to software vendors are also provided. A draft of this report was provided to the full AAPM membership for comment through a three-week open-comment period, and the report was revised in response to these comments. TG-275 provides specific recommendations for physics plan and chart review which should enhance the safety and quality of care for patients receiving radiation treatments.

15.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 251: 112525, 2020 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31904495

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Semen Cuscutae is the seed of Cuscuta japonica Choisy, and Fructus Lycii is the mature fruit of Lycium barbarum L. (Solanaceae). Semen Cuscutae and Fructus Lycii (SC-FL) are well-known Chinese medicine which have been used to tonify the kidney and replenish the essence for thousands of years. Chinese physicians prefer to prescribe them for treating male infertility. Recent studies have found that SC-FL repair spermatogenic dysfunction, however, the therapeutic mechanism has yet to be clearly elucidated. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed at evaluating the therapeutic effect of SC-FL in glucosides of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook. f (GTW)-induced dyszoospermia rats and elucidating the underlying molecular mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-eight Sprague-Dauley (SD) rats were randomly divided into five groups: normal control (treated with saline), GTW (treated with saline), GTW + levocarnitine (treated with levocarnitine), GTW + SCFL (treated with SC-FL), and LY (LY294002, the PI3K inhibitor) +SCFL (treated with SC-FL). GTW (40 mg/kg/d) was intragastrically administered for 4 weeks to establish dyszoospermia model. From the start of the study, LY was additionally injected into the tail vein of rats of the LY + SCFL group once a week. After 8 weeks, semen quality and organ coefficient were determined and sex hormone, inhibin B, and epididymal carnitine levels were measured. Testicular tissue and its ultrastructure were observed using H&E (hematoxylin-eosin) staining and electron microscopy. Immunohistochemistry, western blotting, and quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) were used to determine the protein and mRNA expression of SCF, c-kit, PI3K, p-Akt, Bad, Bcl-2, and Bax in rat testis. RESULTS: Compared with the GTW group, semen quality, the organ coefficient, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), prolactin (PRL), and epididymal carnitine levels were significantly improved in the GTW + SCFL group (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). Histomorphology and testicular ultrastructural evaluation showed that in the GTW + SCFL group, the structure and arrangement of seminiferous tubules were better, the amount of spermatogenic cells increased significantly, the morphology of spermatogenic cells improved, and the mitochondria increased, compared to those in the GTW group. Immunohistochemistry, western blotting, and qRT-PCR results showed that compared with the GTW group, the expression of SCF, c-kit, PI3K, p-Akt, and Bcl-2 in the GTW + SCFL group was increased, while that of Bax and Bad was decreased. The expression of p-Akt and Bcl-2 decreased, while that of Bad and Bax increased in the LY + SCFL group compared with the SCFL group. CONCLUSION: SC-FL can effectively inhibit spermatogenic cell apoptosis and promote their proliferation, and the mechanism may be related to the regulation of the SCF/c-kit--PI3K--Bcl-2 pathway.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985395

RESUMO

China is a hotspot for hot springs and during microbial diversity analysis of Tengchong hot spring, Yunnan province, south-west PR China, two strains designated SYSU G01001T and SY-13 were isolated. SYSU G01001T and SY-13 were Gram-stain-positive, motile and spore-forming. Colonies were white, circular, raised and punctiform. SYSU G01001T and SY-13 grew at pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum pH 8.0) and at 23-37 °C (optimum 28 °C). The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between SYSU G01001T and SY-13 was 99.6 % but these strains shared low sequence similarity with Paenibacillus azotifigens (97.5 %) indicating that they represented a novel species. On the basis of the results, SYSU G01001T was selected for further investigations and SY-13 was considered to represent a second strain of the species. The cell wall peptidoglycan of SYSU G01001T was meso-2,6-diaminopimelic acid and MK-7 was the only respiratory quinone. The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), two unidentified aminolipids (AL), two unidentified amino phospholipids (APL), an unidentified phospholipid (PL) and an unidentified polar lipid (L). The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 53.9 mol%. The average nucleotide identity (ANIb and ANIm) values between SYSU G01001T and Paenibacillus azotifigens LMG 29963T were below the cut-off level (95-96 %) recommended as the average nucleotide identity (ANI) criterion for interspecies identity. On the basis of the above results strain SYSU G01001T represents a novel species of the genus Paenibacillus, for which the name Paenibacillus tepidiphilus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SYSU G01001T (=KCTC 33952T=CGMCC 1.13870T).

17.
World J Surg Oncol ; 18(1): 15, 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31959178

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immune checkpoint inhibitors, which are a milestone in anti-cancer therapy, have been applied in the treatment of multiple malignancies. Real-world data have suggested that smoking status may be associated with the efficacy of anti-PD-1/PD-L1 therapy. Hereby, to evaluate "smoking benefit or not", we included numerous high-quality randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs) without any restriction on category. METHODS: A systematic search of online database was performed from July 2010 to July 2019. Eligible studies included phase II/III RCTs comparing PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors with chemotherapy in the treatment of multiple carcinomas and contained subgroup analysis of smoking status. Then, related hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of overall survival (OS) were pooled. RESULTS: In the initial meta-analysis, compared with chemotherapy, the OS of non-smokers (HR, 0.81; 95% CI, 0.67-0.98) and smokers (HR, 0.77; 95% CI, 0.71-0.83) were significantly prolonged with PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors. Outcomes from subgroup analysis showed that in anti-PD-1/PD-L1 monotherapy groups, non-smokers showed no significant improvement in OS (HR, 0.94; 95% CI, 0.83-1.06), while the OS of smokers was significantly prolonged (HR, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.74-0.85); in groups of PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors combined with chemotherapy, the OS of non-smokers (HR, 0.45; 95% CI, 0.28-0.71) and smokers (HR, 0.72; 95% CI, 0.61-0.85) were significantly prolonged. Combined ipilimumab and chemotherapy showed no significance in both groups. CONCLUSION: Smokers benefit from either anti-PD-1/PD-L1 monotherapy or the combined regimen compared with chemotherapy. Considering cost-effectiveness, monotherapy was recommended to smokers. For non-smokers, only the combined regimen was feasible in non-small cell lung cancer.

18.
Transplant Proc ; 52(1): 365-372, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31898937

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury can cause serious kidney damage (eg, acute aortic injury, chronic fibrosis). Some postconditioning treatments have been reported to protect from I/R effects. However, their mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we focused on potential protective effects of ozone on tubulointerstitial fibrosis after renal I/R injury in rats. METHODS: Adult male rats were randomly divided into 4 groups with (1) sham-without I/R; (2) I/R-by clamping renal pedicle for 45 minutes; (3) I/R with ozone oxidative postconditioning (OzoneOP) following a 10-day reperfusion; and (4) I/R with oxygen oxidative postconditioning (OxygenOP) following a 10-day reperfusion. The kidneys were collected at 2 time points post I/R 10 days (at early phase) and 12 weeks (at late phase) and then analyzed for renal function, tissue fibrosis, and serum creatinine and urea nitrogen levels by staining and colorimetric methods. Additionally, expression levels of related fibrotic factors, such as α-smooth muscle actin, transforming growth factor ß1, and phospho-Smad2, were assayed by immunochemistry staining. RESULTS: OzoneOP treatment downregulated the α-smooth muscle actin, transforming growth factor ß1, and phospho-Smad 2 protein expression in rats subjected to I/R at 10 days and 12 weeks. Moreover, it improved renal dysfunction and attenuated the patchy tubulointerstitial fibrosis. CONCLUSION: Ourdata indicate that I/R-induced renal damage might cause severe tubulointerstitial fibrosis at the late phase, and OzoneOP treatment may inhibit this fibrotic development.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31987966

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We hypothesized that the radiation dose in high-ventilation portions of the lung better predicts radiation pneumonitis (RP) outcome for patients treated with proton radiation therapy (PR) and photon radiation therapy (PH). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Seventy-four patients (38 protons, 36 photons) with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer treated with concurrent chemoradiation therapy were identified, of whom 24 exhibited RP (graded using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v4.0) after PR or PH, and 50 were negative controls. The inhale and exhale simulation computed tomography scans were deformed using Advanced Normalization Tools. The 3-dimensional lung ventilation maps were derived from the deformation matrix and partitioned into low- and high-ventilation zones for dosimetric analysis. Receiver operating curve analysis was used to study the power of relationship between RP and ventilation zones to determine an optimal ventilation cutoff. Univariate logistic regression was used to correlate dose in high- and low-ventilation zones with risk of RP. A nonparametric random forest process was used for multivariate importance assessment. RESULTS: The optimal high-ventilation zone definition was determined to be the higher 45% to 60% of the ventilation values. The parameter vV20Gy_high (high ventilation volume receiving ≥20 Gy) was found to be a significant indicator for RP (PH: P = .002, PR: P = .035) with improved areas under the curve compared with the traditional V20Gy for both photon and proton cohorts. The relationship of RP with dose to the low-ventilation zone of the lung was insignificant (PH: P = .123, PR: P = .661). Similar trends were observed for ventilation mean lung dose and ventilation V5Gy. Multivariate importance assessment determined that vV20Gy_high, vV5_high, and mean lung dose were the most significant parameters for the proton cohort with a combined area under the curve of 0.78. CONCLUSION: Dose to the high-ventilated regions of the lung can improve predictions of RP for both PH and PR.

20.
ACS Sens ; 5(2): 549-556, 2020 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939293

RESUMO

A sensitive photoacoustic sensor system for the detection of ppb-level sulfur dioxide (SO2) was developed by the use of a continuous-wave room-temperature, high-power quantum cascade laser (QCL) with an external diffraction grating cavity geometry. The excitation wavelength of the QCL was set to 7.41 µm for the strongest SO2 absorption line strength. A custom-made differential photoacoustic cell (PAC) with two identical resonators was designed to allow a gas flow rate up to 1200 sccm. A qualitative theoretical model was employed in order to understand the dynamic adsorption and desorption processes of SO2 in the PAC walls. A 1σ detection limit of 2.45 ppb, corresponding to a normalized noise equivalent absorption value of 3.32 × 10-9 cm-1 W/Hz1/2, was achieved after measures for suppressing the absorption-desorption effect were taken.

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