Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 196
Filtrar
1.
J Environ Manage ; 277: 111426, 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032002

RESUMO

A novel process for recycling of spent LiCoO2 cathode materials has been developed. The novel process comprises an ultrasonic enhanced leaching and one-step regeneration of LiCoO2 materials with spray drying method. The ultrasonic is novelly applied for effectively improving leaching process of spent LiCoO2 materials in the system of DL-malic acid and H2O2. The leaching efficiencies of 98.13% for Li and 98.86% for Co were presented under the optimal condition of 1.5 mol/L DL-malic acid with 3 vol% H2O2, the solid/liquid ratio of 4 g/L, ultrasonic power of 95 W, temperature of 80 °C and leaching time of 25 min. Based on kinetic analysis, the ultrasonic enhanced leaching process is mainly controlled by the diffusion control model. Meanwhile, the product of Co(C4O5O5)2 formed on particles surface of spent LiCoO2 materials during ultrasonic enhanced leaching process, which is provided from reaction mechanism analysis of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Finally, the regenerated LiCoO2 materials are regenerated in one step by spray drying from leaching solution, which present good electrochemical performance.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32945159

RESUMO

The hole transporting layers (HTLs) between the electrode and light absorber play a vital role in charge extraction and transport processes in organic solar cells (OSCs). Herein, a bilayer structure HTL of CuSCN/TFB is formed by soluble copper(I) thiocyanate (CuSCN) and poly[(9,9-dioctylfluorenyl-2,7-diyl)-alt-(4,4'-(N-(4-butylphenyl)))] (TFB). The excellent charge extraction capability is proved in nonfullerene PM6:Y6 and fullerene PTB7-Th:PC71BM blend system-based cells. The introduction of TFB tunes the work function and polishes the interfacial contact between the HTL and light absorber, which favors the hole extraction process in cells. Meanwhile, lower recombination loss, higher exciton dissociation probability, and larger domain size are observed in CuSCN/TFB HTL-based cells compared to those of the reference cell with the pristine CuSCN HTL, which significantly improve the photovoltaic performance. As a result, a champion efficiency of 15.10% is obtained, which is >14% higher than the efficiency of 13.15% obtained in the reference cell. This study suggests that CuSCN/TFB is a promising HTL to achieve high efficiency for OSCs.

3.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; : 1-7, 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32907413

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the expression levels of TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-4, and IL-10 in dNK cells and determine whether or not the MAPK signal pathway is involved in the regulation of cytokine secretion by dNK cells at the maternal-fetal interface. METHODS: In this study, we collected decidua specimens from patients with apparently normal pregnant and unexplained recurrent pregnancy loss (URPL) and extracted dNK cells by enzymatic digestion. Then the expression of cytokines were analyzed by flow cytometry and Real-Time PCR respectively. RESULTS: The secretions of both IFN-γ and TNF-α in dNK cells in URPL were significantly higher than those in normal pregnancy. Furthermore, p38/MAPK inhibitors can inhibit the secretion of four cytokines in normal pregnancy, while in URPL cases, p38/MAPK inhibitors only significantly inhibit the secretion of IL-4 and IFN-γ. ERK inhibitors had no effect on the expression of all four cytokines and JNK/MAPK inhibitors varied on different cytokines. CONCLUSION: URPL is associated with a NK1 cytokine profile. MAPK signaling pathway is involved in the regulation of cytokine secretion by decidual NK cells at maternal-fetal interface.

4.
Pharmacoeconomics ; 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32929677

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with moderate-to-severe rheumatoid arthritis have a heavy financial burden. The cost-effectiveness of introducing tofacitinib to the current treatment sequence for patients with moderate-to-severe rheumatoid arthritis who have inadequate response or intolerance to conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (csDMARDs-IR) in China remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of introducing tofacitinib into the current treatment sequence in China for patients with moderate-to-severe rheumatoid arthritis who have csDMARDs-IR. METHODS: A Markov model was constructed from the perspective of the Chinese healthcare system to compare treatment sequences with and without first-line tofacitinib for patients with rheumatoid arthritis with csDMARDs-IR. The treatment sequence without tofacitinib included adalimumab, etanercept, recombinant human tumor necrosis factor receptor-Fc fusion protein, infliximab, and tocilizumab. Costs were derived from publicly available sources. Clinical trials, network meta-analysis, and real-world data were used to generate quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs), transition probabilities, and the incidence of adverse events. Mortality probabilities were estimated from rheumatoid arthritis-based, Chinese all-cause mortality data. One-way and probabilistic sensitivity analyses were conducted to verify the robustness of the model. In addition, the cost-effectiveness of adding tofacitinib as second- and third-line treatment options was evaluated in our analyses. Costs and effects were discounted at 5% per anum. RESULTS: Compared to the current treatment sequence, adding tofacitinib as first-line treatment led to a cost-saving of $US880.11 (2018 values) and incremental QALYs of 1.34. Sensitivity analyses showed the results to be robust. Adding tofacitinib at second-line therapy was also a cost-saving option with a cost saving of $US653.65 and incremental QALYs of 1.34, while the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of adding tofacitinib at third-line therapy was $US5588.14 per QALY gained. CONCLUSIONS: Using the WHO-recommended ICER acceptability threshold of ≤ 1-time per capita Gross Domestic Product (GDP), our analysis suggests that the introduction of tofacitinib into the current treatment sequence for moderate-to-severe RA patients with csDMARDs-IR in China was a cost saving option as first- and second-line treatment, and cost-effective as a third-line treatment option. Of note, use of tofacitinib as first- and second-line treatment post-csDMARDs-IR appeared to be cost saving.

5.
Virol Sin ; 2020 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32767210

RESUMO

During virus infection, RIG-I-like receptors (RLRs) recognize viral RNAs and recruit the adaptor protein VISA to activate downstream signaling, leading to activation of transcription factors NF-κB and IRF3, which collaborate to induce type I interferons (IFNs). IFNs further induce expression of hundreds of IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs) that suppress viral replication and facilitate the adaptive immune response. Dysregulated production of IFNs is implicated in various immune diseases. Here we identified Signal Recognition Particle 54 (SRP54) as a negative regulator of RLRs-induced antiviral signaling. Overexpression of SRP54 inhibited RNA virus-triggered induction of IFN-ß and increased viral replication, whereas knockdown of SRP54 had opposite effects. Mechanistically, SRP54 interacted with both RIG-I and MDA5 and impaired their association with VISA. Our findings demonstrate that SRP54 acts as a negative regulator of RLRs-mediated innate immune response by disrupting the recruitment of VISA to RIG-I/MDA5.

7.
Environ Technol ; : 1-9, 2020 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32723065

RESUMO

This study investigated the decontamination performance of a bioretention system using a sand-based filler constructed using sand and peat soil. The filler was constructed according to a simple proportioning method that considers water turnover time and organic content. Different inorganic constituents were added to the filler including zeolite, volcanic rock, coal slag, vermiculite and perlite to further improve the decontamination effect. Total suspended solids (TSS), total phosphorus (TP), ammonium nitrogen ([Formula: see text]-N), total nitrogen (TN) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) were measured in the influent and effluent. The results showed that: (1) the overall removal effect of the sand-based filler was satisfactory, indicating a certain feasibility and practicality of the method; (2) bioretention based on the sand-based filler had a better performance in removing TSS and TP with the removal rate both over 95%, and the addition of inorganic constituents to the filler was beneficial to TSS removal due to the effect of cumulative filtration capabilities of multiple materials, while phosphate was easily adsorbed by the positively charged particles of the peat soil; (3) the high removal rate of [Formula: see text]-N was due to adsorption and it could reach more than 80% by adding inorganic constituents with good adsorption such as zeolite vermiculite and perlite. Similarly, the addition of vermiculite and coal slag could increase the removal rate of COD by 15-25%. This research offers a novel alternative for guiding the selection and proportion of fillers in bioretention systems.

8.
Orthop Surg ; 12(4): 1053-1064, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32691520

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of internal fixation versus hemiarthroplasty in the treatment of unstable intertrochanteric fractures in the elderly. METHODS: A search was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases up to April 2020. The present study compared internal fixation and hemiarthroplasty in the treatment of unstable intertrochanteric fractures in the elderly. RevMan5.3 software provided by the International Cochrane Group was used for the meta-analysis. To compare the differences in the operation time, intraoperative bleeding, length of hospital stay, superficial infection, Harris hip score, mortality within 1 year, mortality within 2 years, reoperation, incidence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT), partial weight-bearing time, non-union, and implant-related complications between an internal fixation group and an hemiarthroplasty group. RESULTS: A total of 1300 patients were included in nine studies. The results showed that the operation time (MD = -18.09, 95% CI: -27.85--8.34, P = 0.0003), intraoperative bleeding (MD = -195.31, 95% CI: -244.8--147.74, P < 0.0001), implant-related complications (MD = 3.83, 95% CI: 1.74-8.45, P = 0.0008), and partial weight-bearing time (MD = 17.21, 95% CI: 1.63-32.79, P = 0.03) have statistical significance. However, there is not statistical significance for the Harris hip joint function scale (HHS) (MD = 5.60, 95% CI: -1.13-12.33, P = 0.10), DVT (MD = 1.02, 95% CI: 0.45-2.27, P = 0.97), length of hospital stay (MD = -1.08, 95% CI: -2.82-0.66, P = 0.22), superficial Infection (OR = 0.92, 95% CI: 0.43-1.98, P = 0.89), mortality within 1 year (OR = 0.95, 95% CI: 0.61-1.48, P = 0.81), mortality within 2 years (OR = 0.93, 95% CI: 0.61-1.43, P = 0.75), reoperation (MD = 1.80, 95% CI: 0.64-5.04, P = 0.26), and non-union (OR = 1.20, 95% CI: 0.48-3.03, P = 0.70). The result of the subgroup analysis showed no significant differences between the less than 2 years follow-up and the 2 years or more follow-up group. The only difference was for the Harris hip score: the internal fixation group was superior to the hemiarthroplasty group in the less than 2 years subgroup analysis, while there was no difference between the internal fixation group hemiarthroplasty group in the 2 years or more subgroup analysis. CONCLUSION: Compared with the internal fixation group, those in the hemiarthroplasty group could carry out weight-bearing training early and implant-related complications were reduced, but it requires longer operation time and there is greater intraoperative blood loss. There is no difference in mortality, the incidence of DVT, non-union, HHS, reoperation, length of hospital stay, and superficial infection. Hemiarthroplasty may be a better choice for unstable intertrochanteric fractures in the elderly.

10.
Endocrine ; 2020 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32419083

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of microwave ablation (MWA) versus lobectomy for the treatment of benign thyroid nodules > 4 cm. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 48 patients who underwent MWA and 53 patients who underwent lobectomy to treat benign thyroid nodules > 4 cm. The patients were followed up for 12 months. The volume reduction ratio (VRR) was calculated. The operation time, incision length, hospitalization time, complications, thyroid function, symptoms, and cosmetic improvement were analyzed and compared between the two groups. RESULTS: During the 12-month follow-up, the mean nodule volume in the MWA group was reduced from 36.1 ± 23.1 to 4.0 ± 4.1 ml, and the mean VRR of the nodules was 90 ± 5% in the MWA group, which was comparable with that in the surgery group. No significant postoperative change in thyroid function was observed in the MWA group. Compared with the surgery group, the incidence of complications and postoperative pain in the MWA group were lower, the operation time, incision length, and hospitalization time in the MWA group were shorter, and satisfaction with the esthetic results in the MWA group was greater. CONCLUSION: MWA is safe and effective for the treatment of benign thyroid nodules > 4 cm. Moreover, MWA is associated with a faster recovery, fewer complications, better protection of thyroid function, and superior esthetic results relative to thyroid lobectomy.

13.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 15(1): 99, 2020 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32414397

RESUMO

The letter to the editor made several comments on possible issues in the recent article by Zhang et al. determining the risk factors of acute kidney injury after pulmonary endarterectomy with cardiopulmonary bypass, which has been published in Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery at December 30, 2019.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda , Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Endarterectomia , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
14.
Orthop Surg ; 12(3): 1010-1015, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32307926

RESUMO

Congenital pain insensitivity is a rare genetic disease and its clinical manifestations are many. In orthopaedics, common complications of this disease include painless fracture and Charcot's arthropathy. We followed up a case of multiple fractures of the lower extremity in two years, during which time he came to the clinic for five painless fractures of the lower extremity in a total of six parts. A mutation was found on the NTKRI gene (chr1:156813923(hg19), NM_001007792.1: c.1221938C > T). We have developed a combination of surgery and conservative treatments for his condition, focusing on the mental state of the child and considering comprehensive treatment to be the best option for this type of patient. Occult fractures caused by pain insensitivity are often treated only as fractures, however their complications require routine examination and cleaning, suitable protective shoes, splint fixation, stretching, guided exercise planning, and early treatment of injuries. Due to the risk of fracture in the future, it is important that parents pay attention to the behavior and psychology of the child, such as not letting the child participate in exercise with a risk of injury, protective measures while playing, engaging in psychological counseling, and inducing interest in mental activity. These interventions will play a very important role in preventing the recurrence of fracture.

16.
J Hazard Mater ; 393: 122317, 2020 07 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32120205

RESUMO

Novel nanocopper-loaded black phosphorus (BP/Cu) nanocomposites were synthesized to synergistically exert enhanced antibacterial activities aimed at reducing antibiotics abuse. First, both BP and Cu display low biotoxicity, broadening their application in the microbiological field. Second, the unique electronic properties of BP enable BP/Cu nanocomposites to amplify antibacterial effects via interfacial charge transfer, resulting in a surge of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Third, BP/Cu nanocomposites are relatively stable, which helps to avoid the problem that nanocopper alone is highly oxidized. Finally, BP/Cu was synthesized in an environmentally-friendly manner by a one-step reduction method. The BP/Cu nanocomposites were characterized by transmission electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy. Their antibacterial properties were investigated comprehensively and discussed in detail by inhibition zone assays, dynamic growth curves, membrane potential assays, and live/dead baclight bacterial viability assays, all of which revealed the antimicrobial activities of BP/Cu nanocomposites. Absorption spectra were measured to determine which ROS species were responsible for the bactericidal mechanisms. In summary, our results demonstrated the potential of nanocomposites based on BP in antibacterial therapy due to its excellent electronic properties and outstanding biological performance. This will pave the way for avoiding antibiotic overuse and for providing security to humans and the environment.

18.
Psychoneuroendocrinology ; 115: 104629, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32171900

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Prenatal stress (PS) contributes to depression-like behavior in the offspring. PDLIM5 is involved in the onset of mental disorders. This study is to investigate the role and mechanism of PDLIM5 in depression-like behavior of PS offspring rats. METHODS: PS model was used to analyze the effects of different treatments to PS offspring rats with different sex, including PDLIM5, PDLIM5 shRNA and 5-aza-2' -deoxycytidine (5-azaD). The depression-like behavior was assessed by the sucrose preference test (SPT) and forced swimming test (FST). The mRNA and protein expression levels of PDLIM5 in the hippocampus of PS offspring rats were detected by qRT-PCR and western blot, respectively. The methylation of PDLIM5 promoter were analyzed by bisulfite sequencing. RESULTS: Our data revealed that PS offspring rats showed a significant decrease in sucrose preference and a prolonged immobility time. Injection of PDLIM5 significantly improved the depression-like behavior in PS offspring rats, whereas administration of PDLIM5 shRNA aggravated it. In addition, PDLIM5 expression was decreased at the mRNA and protein levels, and the methylation level of PDLIM5 promoter was increased in hippocampus of PS male but not female offspring rats. Furthermore, microinjection of 5-azaD improved the PS induced depression-like behavior in offspring rats. Moreover, in male PS offspring rats, microinjection of 5-azaD reversed the effect of PS on PDLIM5 expression and promoter methylation. CONCLUSION: PDLIM5 can significantly improve the depression-like behavior of both male and female PS offspring rats, while the PDLIM5 promoter methylation is only observed in male PS offspring rats. Our study may provide new mechanism for the pathogenesis of depression and experimental evidence for sex-based precise treatment.

19.
Nat Methods ; 17(4): 430-436, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32203384

RESUMO

To image the accessible genome at nanometer scale in situ, we developed three-dimensional assay for transposase-accessible chromatin-photoactivated localization microscopy (3D ATAC-PALM) that integrates an assay for transposase-accessible chromatin with visualization, PALM super-resolution imaging and lattice light-sheet microscopy. Multiplexed with oligopaint DNA-fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), RNA-FISH and protein fluorescence, 3D ATAC-PALM connected microscopy and genomic data, revealing spatially segregated accessible chromatin domains (ACDs) that enclose active chromatin and transcribed genes. Using these methods to analyze genetically perturbed cells, we demonstrated that genome architectural protein CTCF prevents excessive clustering of accessible chromatin and decompacts ACDs. These results highlight 3D ATAC-PALM as a useful tool to probe the structure and organizing mechanism of the genome.


Assuntos
DNA/metabolismo , Genômica/métodos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente/métodos , Microscopia/métodos , Coloração Cromossômica , Genoma Humano , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos
20.
PLoS Pathog ; 16(1): e1008178, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31968013

RESUMO

Mediator of IRF3 activation (MITA, also known as stimulator of interferon genes, STING) senses the second messenger cyclic GMP-AMP (cGAMP) which is synthesized upon DNA virus infection and activates innate antiviral immune response. It has been demonstrated that the activity of MITA is delicately regulated by various post-translational modifications including polyubiquitination. In this study, we identified the deubiquitinating enzyme USP44 as a positive regulator of MITA. USP44 is recruited to MITA following DNA virus infection and removes K48-linked polyubiquitin moieties from MITA at K236, therefore prevents MITA from proteasome mediated degradation. USP44-deficiency results in acceleration of HSV-1-induced degradation of MITA and reduced induction of type I interferons (IFNs) and proinflammatory cytokines. Consistently, Usp44-/- mice are more susceptible to HSV-1 infection as indicated by higher tissue viral titers, greater tissue damage and lower survival rate. These findings suggest that USP44 plays a specific and critical role in the regulation of innate immune response against DNA viruses.


Assuntos
Vírus de DNA/imunologia , Imunidade Inata , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Ubiquitina Tiolesterase/metabolismo , Animais , Enzima Desubiquitinante CYLD/metabolismo , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Estabilidade Proteica , Transdução de Sinais , Ubiquitinação
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA