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1.
Nutrition ; 86: 111156, 2021 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33601124

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether measurement of muscle quantity/quality has additional predictive value for postoperative complications and long-term survival after gastrectomy for gastric cancer in patients with probable sarcopenia, as defined by the new European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People 2 consensus. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study of patients who underwent a radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer between August 2014 and June 2019. Muscle strength was measured using a handgrip dynamometer. Computed tomography images at the third lumbar vertebra level were used to assess muscle quantity and quality by the measuring cross-sectional muscle area and mean muscle attenuation, respectively. Probable sarcopenia was defined by low muscle strength. Sarcopenia was diagnosed by additional low muscle quantity or quality. Clinical outcomes were obtained by prospective data collection and follow up. RESULTS: Probable sarcopenia was identified in 419 patients, including 285 patients with sarcopenia. Patients with sarcopenia had a higher incidence of postoperative complications, higher costs, longer length of postoperative hospital stay, and worse overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) compared with patients with low muscle strength only. The multivariate logistic analysis showed that sarcopenia and hypoproteinemia were independent risk factors for postoperative complications in patients with probable sarcopenia. Moreover, multivariate Cox analyses showed that sarcopenia remained an independent risk factor for OS and DFS in patients with probable sarcopenia. CONCLUSIONS: The measurement of muscle quantity/quality has additional predictive value for postoperative complications, OS, and DFS after gastrectomy for gastric cancer in patients with probable sarcopenia.

2.
Liver Int ; 2021 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33389804

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Liver fibrosis score (LFS) has been used for predicting the cardiovascular outcomes (CVOs) in diverse populations. However, the association of LFS with CVOs in patients with previous myocardial infarction (MI) remains undetermined. We aimed to examine the prognostic value of LFS in patients with prior MI in a prospective cohort. METHODS: A total of 3718 patients with previous MI were consecutively enrolled from March 2009 to January 2019. Five LFSs including the fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) score, non-alcohol fatty liver disease fibrosis score (NFS), Forns score, HUI score and BARD score were used. The CVOs covered major adverse cardiac event (MACEs), cardiovascular mortality and all-cause mortality. Cox proportional hazards model was used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of 47.4 ± 24.8 months, 431 (11.6%) MACEs occurred. Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that higher LFSs resulted in a significantly higher probability of CVOs. Compared to the lowest score group, multivariable-adjusted HRs (95% CIs) of the highest group of FIB-4, NFS, Forns score, HUI score and BARD score were 1.75 (1.32-2.33), 2.37 (1.70-3.33), 2.44 (1.61-3.73), 1.58 (1.16-2.14) and 1.27 (1.03-1.57) respectively. These LFSs were also independent predictors of cardiovascular mortality and all-cause mortality. Similar results were observed across subgroups analysis. The addition of LFSs to a prediction model significantly increased the C-statistic for CVOs. CONCLUSIONS: The present study firstly demonstrated that LFS could be used as a risk stratification tool for predicting CVOs in patients with previous MI, which should be evaluated further.

3.
Neurosci Lett ; : 135542, 2020 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33278507

RESUMO

Recent studies have reported that microRNAs are abnormally expressed in brain tissues of Alzheimers disease (AD) patients. However, the accurate function of miR-20b-5p in AD has not been elucidated. We intended to investigate the role and underlying mechanism of miR-20b-5p in AD. The expression of miR-20b-5p was increased, and the expression of RhoC was decreased in the hippocampus of Appswe/PS△E 9 mice. In order to construct a cell model in vitro to study the underlying action mechanism, PC12 cells were treated with Aß25-35. The cell apoptosis detected by flow cytometry and the expression of cleaved-caspase-3 detected by western blot were both remarkably increased in PC12 cells treated with Aß25-35, but they were reduced by miR-20b-5p inhibitor. In addition, MTT test showed that the cell survival rate in Aß25-35 + miR-20b-5p inhibitor group was higher than that in Aß25-35 + NC inhibitor group. Double luciferase reporter gene analysis confirmed that the binding site of miR-20b-5p was in 3 '- UTR of RhoC mRNA. Knockdown of RhoC increased neuronal apoptosis induced by Aß25-35 and the expression of cleaved-caspase-3, while miR-20b-5p inhibitor reversed these effects. Knockdown of RhoC aggravated the inhibition effect on cell viability induced by Aß25-35, while miR-20b-5p inhibitor diminished these effects. In conclusion, inhibition of miR-20b-5p attenuates apoptosis induced by Aß25-35 in PC12 cells through targeting RhoC. Therefore, miR-20b-5p may be a perspective curative target for AD.

4.
Am J Clin Nutr ; 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33300037

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) and skeletal muscle radiodensity (SMD) are important components of sarcopenia and malnutrition. However, their assessment requires additional resources in cancer patients, which is inconvenient for the early detection of sarcopenia and malnutrition. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to develop and validate nomograms for the prediction of low muscle mass and muscle radiodensity and to examine the application value of the nomograms in the diagnoses of sarcopenia and malnutrition. METHODS: A total of 1315 patients diagnosed with gastric cancer between July 2014 and May 2019 were included. Random resampling with an 80/20 split ratio was performed to obtain a training cohort (n = 1056) and a validation cohort (n = 259). Nomograms were separately constructed for low SMI (LSMI) and low SMD (LSMD) in the training cohort based on prospectively collected preoperative data. The performance of the nomograms was assessed using the AUC, calibration curve, and Hosmer-Lemeshow test. The application values of the nomograms in the diagnoses of sarcopenia and malnutrition were also evaluated. RESULTS: Age, BMI, hemoglobin concentration, and gait speed were included in the nomogram for LSMI predictions. These variables, in addition to sex, were included in the nomogram for LSMD predictions. The diagnostic nomograms exhibited good discrimination, with AUCs of 0.818 (95% CI, 0.791-0.845) for the LSMI nomogram and 0.788 (95% CI, 0.761-0.815) for the LSMD diagnostic nomogram in the training cohort. Calibration was also excellent. The agreement ratios between the nomograms and actual observations in the total population were 92.3% and 95.6% for sarcopenia and malnutrition, respectively. Prognostic nomograms exhibited similar performance in the validation cohort. CONCLUSIONS: Diagnostic nomograms consisting of preoperative factors can successfully predict LSMI and LSMD. These models facilitate early identification and timely interventions for at-risk populations.

5.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e927725, 2020 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33328429

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) can act as competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) during tumor development. However, no study has elucidated the ceRNA network in pediatric rhabdoid tumor of the kidney (RTK) and its prognostic-related lncRNAs. The goal of the present study was to identify potential biomarkers of prognostic-related lncRNAs. MATERIAL AND METHODS RNA sequencing and clinical data were procured from the TARGET database. The "EdgeR" package was used to obtain differentially expressed lncRNA (DElncRNA), differentially expressed messenger RNAs (DEmRNA), and differentially expressed microRNAs (DEmiRNA). Cytoscape software was used to construct a ceRNA network. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis were conducted on the ceRNA network-related DEmRNA. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for predicting survival with ceRNA network-related DElncRNA. Univariate and multivariate Cox analyses were used to identify prognosis-related lncRNAs in the ceRNA network, and an RTK prognostic signature was constructed. RESULTS We identified 1109 DElncRNAs, 215 DEmiRNAs, and 3436 DEmRNAs; and 107 DElncRNAs, 21 DEmiRNAs, and 74 DEmRNAs were included in the ceRNA regulatory network. GO enrichment analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment indicated that the DEmRNAs were mainly related to the regulation of phospholipase C activity and the MAPK signaling pathway. Survival analysis showed that 9 of 107 DElncRNAs were correlated with prognosis (P<0.05). Univariate and multivariate Cox analysis identified 4 DElncRNAs (HNF1A-AS1, TPTEP1, SNHG6, and ZNF503-AS2) to establish a predictive model and can be used as independent prognostic biomarkers. CONCLUSIONS We constructed a ceRNA network that reveals potential lncRNA biomarkers for pediatric RTK.


Assuntos
Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Renais , RNA Longo não Codificante/análise , Tumor Rabdoide , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Criança , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Renais/genética , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Proteínas Repressoras , Tumor Rabdoide/diagnóstico , Tumor Rabdoide/genética
6.
N Engl J Med ; 383(26): 2526-2537, 2020 12 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33369355

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although induction chemotherapy results in remission in many older patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), relapse is common and overall survival is poor. METHODS: We conducted a phase 3, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of the oral formulation of azacitidine (CC-486, a hypomethylating agent that is not bioequivalent to injectable azacitidine), as maintenance therapy in patients with AML who were in first remission after intensive chemotherapy. Patients who were 55 years of age or older, were in complete remission with or without complete blood count recovery, and were not candidates for hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation were randomly assigned to receive CC-486 (300 mg) or placebo once daily for 14 days per 28-day cycle. The primary end point was overall survival. Secondary end points included relapse-free survival and health-related quality of life. RESULTS: A total of 472 patients underwent randomization; 238 were assigned to the CC-486 group and 234 were assigned to the placebo group. The median age was 68 years (range, 55 to 86). Median overall survival from the time of randomization was significantly longer with CC-486 than with placebo (24.7 months and 14.8 months, respectively; P<0.001). Median relapse-free survival was also significantly longer with CC-486 than with placebo (10.2 months and 4.8 months, respectively; P<0.001). Benefits of CC-486 with respect to overall and relapse-free survival were shown in most subgroups defined according to baseline characteristics. The most common adverse events in both groups were grade 1 or 2 gastrointestinal events. Common grade 3 or 4 adverse events were neutropenia (in 41% of patients in the CC-486 group and 24% of patients in the placebo group) and thrombocytopenia (in 22% and 21%, respectively). Overall health-related quality of life was preserved during CC-486 treatment. CONCLUSIONS: CC-486 maintenance therapy was associated with significantly longer overall and relapse-free survival than placebo among older patients with AML who were in remission after chemotherapy. Side effects were mainly gastrointestinal symptoms and neutropenia. Quality-of-life measures were maintained throughout treatment. (Supported by Celgene; QUAZAR AML-001 ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01757535.).


Assuntos
Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Azacitidina/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia de Manutenção , Administração Oral , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Azacitidina/administração & dosagem , Azacitidina/efeitos adversos , Método Duplo-Cego , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Quimioterapia de Manutenção/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Náusea/induzido quimicamente , Qualidade de Vida , Indução de Remissão , Análise de Sobrevida
7.
Clin Nutr ; 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33223117

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few studies have comprehensively analyzed the correlations among body composition parameters, muscle strength, and physical performance, as well as the influence of these factors on the postoperative complications and survival after radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted including patients who underwent radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer from August 2014 to June 2019. Skeletal muscle index (SMI), skeletal muscle density (SMD), visceral fat area (VFA), subcutaneous fat area (SFA) was obtained by measurement of preoperative computed tomography (CT) images. Grip strength and 6-m gait speed were measured to assess muscle strength and physical performance before surgery. RESULTS: There was a positive correlation between SMI and SMD, as well as between SFA and VFA. SMD negatively correlated with SFA and VFA. SMI had a positive correlation with VFA, but showed minimal correlation with SFA and visceral to subcutaneous fat ratio (VSR). Grip strength and gait speed were both positively correlated with SMI and SMD, but showed minimal correlation with SFA, VFA and VSR. SMI and grip strength independently predicted postoperative complications, rather than SMD or gait speed. Whereas SMD and gait speed had independent predictive value for overall survival (OS) and/or disease-free survival (DFS), rather than SMI or grip strength. VSR independently predicted postoperative complications, rather than VFA or SFA alone. Low SFA was an independent risk factor for OS and DFS. High VFA was associated with worse survival in overweight patients (body mass index, BMI ≥25), but was associated with better survival in non-overweight patients (BMI <25). High SFA did not significantly influence survival in overweight patients, but was associated with better survival in non-overweight patients. CONCLUSION: There is an extensive and complex correlation among body composition parameters, grip strength, and gait speed in patients with operable gastric cancer. A comprehensive analysis of these parameters has significant predictive value for postoperative complications and survival.

8.
J Hypertens ; 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33186323

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have demonstrated that small dense LDL-cholesterol (sdLDL-C) is related to the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, its prognostic role in hypertensive patients with CAD has been undetermined. The aim of the study was to investigate the association between sdLDL-C with disease severity, hypertensive status and clinical outcome in patients with CAD. METHODS: A total of 4594 patients with angiography-proven CAD were consecutively enrolled and categorized into subgroups according to blood pressure status. Serum sdLDL-C levels were measured by direct quantitative measurement using automated chemistry analyzers. The severity of coronary artery lesions were determined by Gensini score, Syntax score and the number of lesion vessels. The associations of sdLDL-C with disease severity, hypertensive status and cardiovascular events (CVEs) were evaluated. RESULTS: Patients with hypertension had higher sdLDL-C levels than ones without (P = 0.010). In hypertensive patients, sdLDL-C was positively associated with the severity of CAD (P < 0.05). In addition, hypertensive patients with poorly controlled hypertension had higher sdLDL-C levels than those with well controlled (P < 0.05). Moreover, 149 CVEs occurred in patients with poorly controlled hypertension and Cox regression analysis indicated that elevated sdLDL-C levels were independently associated with CVEs in hypertensive patients with poorly controlled hypertension (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.673, 95% confidence interval: 1.105-2.535, P = 0.015). CONCLUSION: The current data, for the first time, showed that serum sdLDL-C levels were correlated with hypertension control, disease severity and worse outcomes in hypertensive patients with CAD, suggesting that paying more attention on sdLDL-C in these patients were warranted.

9.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 37(11): 1247-1249, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33179231

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the genetic basis for a child with neonatal severe hyperparathyroidism. METHODS: Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples from the patient and her parents. Whole exome sequencing was carried out to screen potential mutations. Suspected mutation was verified by Sanger sequencing. RESULTS: The proband was found to carry compound heterozygous variants c.179G>A (p.Cys60Tyr) and c.1525G>A (p.Gly509Arg) of the CaSR gene. The c.179G>A variant was derived from her mother and was unreported previously. The c.1525G>A variant was derived from her father and known to be pathogenic. CONCLUSION: The compound heterozygous variants of c.179G>A and c.1525G>A of the CaSR gene probably underlie the disease in the patient. The results of genetic testing has enabled diagnosis and genetic counseling for her family.


Assuntos
Hiperparatireoidismo/diagnóstico , Hiperparatireoidismo/genética , Doenças do Recém-Nascido/diagnóstico , Doenças do Recém-Nascido/genética , Feminino , Aconselhamento Genético , Testes Genéticos , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Mutação , Linhagem , Receptores de Detecção de Cálcio/genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
10.
J Craniofac Surg ; 31(8): 2304-2309, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33136877

RESUMO

Three-dimensional (3D) technology including 3D reconstruction and 3D printing technology, has been widely used in clinical treatment, especially in surgical planning, and image navigation technology, which can make surgical procedures more accurate, now is also increasingly favored by surgeons. But the combination of those 2 technologies was rarely reported. Thus, this study will preliminarily investigate the feasibility and the effect of the combination of 2 technologies in endonasal skull base surgery. Eight patients were involved in this study (from October 2016 to July 2017 at The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University), 5 cases of nasal skull base tumors and 3 cases of foreign body perforation. All operations were done under the assistance of 3D technology and image guidance system. Surgical discussion with patient, preoperative planning and clinical teaching were investigated between 2D images and 3D models by voting. For all cases, 3D reconstruction model and 3D printed model were deemed to be more helpful than CT/MRI images in surgical discussion with the patient; surgical simulation on 3D model in preoperative planning was largely deemed to be helpful and very helpful; and in clinical teaching, 3D models combined with image guidance system were deemed to be more helpful in understanding the disease than using 2D images. Besides, all patients recovered well after surgery, no recurrence and complications were found in the follow-up. The combination of 3D technology and electromagnetic image guidance system could improve surgical efficiency and the quality of clinical teaching.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33238849

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Xanthones are a class of heterocyclic natural products, which are promising sources of anticancer leads. Phomoxanthone B(PXB)and Phomoxanthone A(PXA)are xanthone dimers. PXA is well studied as an anti-cancer agent, but PXB is not. In our study, PXB was isolated from the endophytic fungus Phomopsis sp. By254. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the underlying anti-tumor mechanisms of PXB in breast cancer MCF7 cell line. METHODS: Apoptosis, cell cycle, proliferation, invasion and migration assays were used to assess the antitumor activity of PXB. RNA sequencing was used to analyze the effect of PXB treatment on gene expression in MCF7 cells. RESULTS: PXB showed cytotoxicity toward a variety of tumor cells, especially MCF7 cells. PXB inhibited the migration and invasion, arrested cell cycle at G2/M phase and induced apoptosis associated with caspase-3 activation in MCF7 cells. The detailed transcriptome analysis revealed that PXB affected several pathways related to tumorigenesis, metabolisms-, and oxidative phosphorylation in MCF7 cells. KEGG transcriptome analysis revealed that PXB upregulated pro-survival signal pathways such as MAPK, PI3K-AKT and STAT3 pathways. We found that PXB also significantly upregulated the expression of IL24, DDIT3 and XAF1, which may contribute to PXB-induced apoptosis. We further found that PXB may downregulate oxidative phosphorylation by decreasing the expression of electron transport chain genes, especially MT-ND1, which is a potential unfavorable prognostic marker for ER-positive breast cancer. CONCLUSION: PXB exerts strong cytotoxicity against human tumor cells and has a potential for ER-positive breast cancer treatment.

12.
Pulm Circ ; 10(4): 2045894020939842, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33240482

RESUMO

Pulmonary arterial hypertension is a progressive, malignant heart disease, characterized by pulmonary arteriole remodeling and increased pulmonary vascular resistance, which eventually leads to right heart failure. This study sought to evaluate the effects of a novel long-acting phospdiesterase-5 inhibitor, namely DDCI-01, as an early intervention for monocrotaline-induced pulmonary hypertensive rats. To establish this model, 50 mg/kg of monocrotaline was intraperitoneally injected into rats. At Day 7 after monocrotaline injection, two doses of DDCI-01 (3 or 9 mg/kg/day) or tadalafil (at 3 or 9 mg/kg/day) were intragastrically administered. The rats were anesthetized with pentobarbital for hemodynamic and echocardiographic measurements, at Day 21 after monocrotaline injection. Compared to the monocrotaline group, DDCI-01 at 3 and 9 mg/kg/day (P) reduced the mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP), right ventricular systolic pressure, right ventricular transverse diameter, pulmonary arterial medial wall thickness (WT%), and right ventricle hypertrophy. However, no significant difference in the indices mentioned as above was found between DDCI-01 (3 mg/kg/day) and tadalafil (3 mg/kg/day). In addition, DDCI-01 at 9 mg/kg/day resulted in lower mPAP and WT%, as well as higher cyclic guanosine monophosphate levels in the lung and plasma compared with the same dose of tadalafil (9 mg/kg/day) (all P < 0.05). These findings suggested that DDCI-01 improved monocrotaline-induced pulmonary hypertension in rats, and a dose of DDCI-01 of 9 mg/kg/day might be more effective than the same dose of tadalafil in monocrotaline-induced pulmonary hypertension in rats.

13.
Proc Math Phys Eng Sci ; 476(2241): 20200050, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33071567

RESUMO

The exact solutions to a one-dimensional harmonic oscillator plus a non-polynomial interaction a x 2 + b x 2/(1 + c x 2) (a > 0, c > 0) are given by the confluent Heun functions H c (α, ß, γ, δ, η;z). The minimum value of the potential well is calculated as V min ( x ) = - ( a + | b | - 2 a | b | ) / c at x = ± [ ( | b | / a - 1 ) / c ] 1 / 2 (|b| > a) for the double-well case (b < 0). We illustrate the wave functions through varying the potential parameters a, b, c and show that they are pulled back to the origin when the potential parameter b increases for given values of a and c. However, we find that the wave peaks are concave to the origin as the parameter |b| is increased.

14.
ACS Omega ; 5(40): 25927-25935, 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33073119

RESUMO

Phomoxanthone A and B (PXA and PXB) are xanthone dimers and isolated from the endophytic fungus Phomopsis sp. By254. The results demonstrated that PXB and PXA are noncompetitive inhibitors of SHP2 and PTP1B and competitive inhibitors of SHP1. Molecular docking studies showed that PXB and PXA interact with conserved domains of protein tyrosine phosphatases such as the ß5-ß6 loop, WPD loop, P loop, and Q loop. PXA and PXB could significantly inhibit the cell proliferation in MCF7 cells. Our results indicated that these two compounds do not efficiently inhibit PTP1B and SHP2 activity. RNA sequencing showed that PXA and PXB may inhibit SHP1 activity in MCF7 cells leading to the upregulation of inflammatory factors. In addition to PTP inhibition, PXA and PXB are multitarget compounds to inhibit the proliferation of tumor cells. In conclusion, both compounds show inhibition of cancer cells and a certain degree of inflammatory stimulation, which make them promising for tumor immunotherapy.

15.
BMC Surg ; 20(1): 244, 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076895

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pediatric inguinal hernia (PIH) is a common disease in children. Laparoscopic hernia repair (LHR) has developed rapidly in recent years, but there are still different opinions compared with traditional open hernia repair (OHR). The purpose of this study was to compare the advantages and disadvantages of LHR and OHR in the treatment of pediatric inguinal hernia. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all children (< 14 years) who underwent repair of inguinal hernia in the pediatric surgery center of the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from January 2015 to December 2015. We collected the medical records of all the children and analyzed the clinical characteristics, operation-related information and follow-up. RESULTS: In the OHR group, 202 cases underwent unilateral inguinal hernia repair, and 43 cases underwent bilateral inguinal hernia repair. In the LHR group, 168 cases underwent unilateral inguinal hernia repair, and 136 cases underwent bilateral inguinal hernia repair. There was a significant difference in the operation time between the two groups, but there were no significant differences in postoperative hospitalization time and incidence of ipsilateral recurrent hernia between the two groups. The incidence rates of metachronous contralateral hernia (MCH) and surgical site infection in LHR group were significantly lower than those in the OHR group. CONCLUSION: Our study shows that compared with OHR, LHR has the advantages of concealed incision, minimal invasiveness, reduced operation time, detection of contralateral patent processus vaginalis, and reduced incidence of MCH. In conclusion, LHR is safe and effective in the treatment of pediatric indirect inguinal hernia.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Herniorrafia , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Curr Med Sci ; 40(5): 879-884, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33123903

RESUMO

It has been demonstrated that pitavastatin can significantly reduce low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (LDL-C), but its impact on lipoprotein subfractions and oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) has not been determined. The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential effects of pitavastatin on subfractions of LDL and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) as well as oxLDL in untreated patients with coronary atherosclerosis (AS). Thirty-six subjects were enrolled in this study. Of them, 18 patients with AS were administered pitavastatin 2 mg/day for 8 weeks and 18 healthy subjects without therapy served as controls. The plasma lipid profile, lipoprotein subfractions and circulating oxLDL were determined at baseline and 8 weeks respectively. The results showed that pitavastatin treatment indeed not only decreased LDL-C, total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG) and apolipoprotein B (ApoB) levels, and increased HDL cholesterol (HDL-C), but also reduced the cholesterol concentration of all of the LDL subfractions and the percentage of intermediate and small LDL subfractions. Meanwhile, pitavastatin could decrease plasma oxLDL levels. Furthermore, a more close correlation was found between oxLDL and LDL-C as well as LDL subfractions after pitavastatin treatment. We concluded that a moderate dose of pitavastatin therapy not only decreases LDL-C and oxLDL concentrations but also improves LDL subfractions in patients with AS.

17.
BMC Endocr Disord ; 20(1): 156, 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33087077

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) have higher prevalence of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), and plasma levels of free fatty acids (FFAs) are a useful marker for predicting ASCVD. We hypothesized that FFAs could predict both coronary and carotid lesions in an individual with type 2 DM (T2DM). The present study, hence, was to investigate the relation of plasma FFA level to the presence and severity of coronary and carotid atherosclerosis in patients with T2DM. METHODS: Three hundred and two consecutive individuals with T2DM who have received carotid ultrasonography and coronary angiography due to chest pain were enrolled in this study. Plasma FFAs were measured using an automatic biochemistry analyzer. Coronary and carotid severity was evaluated by Gensini score and Crouse score respectively. Subsequently, the relation of FFA levels to the presence and severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) and carotid atherosclerotic plaque (CAP) in whole individuals were also assessed. RESULTS: Increased plasma FFA levels were found in the groups either CAD or CAP compared to those without. Patients with higher level of FFAs had a higher CAD (89.9%) and elevated prevalence of CAP (69.7%). And also, patients with higher level of FFAs had a higher Gensini and Crouse scores. Multivariate regression analysis showed that FFA levels were independently associated with the presence of CAD and CAP (OR = 1.83, 95%CI: 1.27-2.65, P = 0.001; OR = 1.62, 95%CI: 1.22-2.14, P = 0.001, respectively). The area under the curve (AUC) was 0.68 and 0.65 for predicting the presence of CAD and CAP in patients with DM respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The present study firstly indicated that elevated FFA levels appeared associated with both the presence and severity of CAD and CAP in patients with T2DM, suggesting that plasma FFA levels may be a useful biomarker for improving management of patients with T2DM.

18.
Pharmgenomics Pers Med ; 13: 445-462, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33116760

RESUMO

Purpose: Autophagy plays an important role in the occurrence and development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We aimed to develop an autophagy-related genes signature predicting the prognosis of HCC and to depict a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network. Methods: Differentially expressed autophagy-related genes (DE-ATGs), miRNAs and lncRNAs and clinical data of HCC patients were extracted from TCGA. The GO and KEGG analysis were performed to investigate the gene function. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis were used to identify a prognostic signature with the DE-ATGs. And a nomogram, adapted to the clinical characteristics, was established. Then, we established a ceRNA network related to autophagy genes. Results: We screened out 27 differentially expressed genes which were enriched in GO and KEGG pathways related to autophagy and cancers. In univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis, BIRC5, HSPB8, and SQSTM1 were screened out to establish a prognostic risk score model (AUC=0.749, p<0.01). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the overall survival of high-risk patients was significantly worse. Furthermore, the signature was validated in the other two independent databases. The nomogram, including the autophagy-related risk signature, gender, stage and TNM, was constructed and validated (C-index=0.736). Finally, the ceRNA network was established based on DE-ATGs, differentially expressed miRNAs and lncRNAs. Conclusion: We constructed a reliable prognostic model of HCC with autophagy-related genes and depicted a ceRNA network of DE-ATGs in HCC which provides a basis for the study of post-transcriptional modification and regulation of autophagy-related genes in HCC.

19.
Int J Gen Med ; 13: 817-823, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33116773

RESUMO

Background: Previous studies indicated that the (neo)adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer can cause significant dyslipidemia in patients, but how long this abnormality can persist is unclear so far. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether (neo)adjuvant chemotherapy has a long-term effect on blood lipids in breast cancer patients. Methods: A total of 159 newly diagnosed female breast cancer patients receiving the (neo)adjuvant chemotherapy subsequently and 159 female healthy controls were enrolled into the observational study. All participants' blood lipid profiles which included TC, TG, HDL-C, and LDL-C before and at the end of the 1st and 12th month after chemotherapy were retrieved from the electronic medical record system. The blood lipid profiles and the percentage of dyslipidemia before and after chemotherapy in breast cancer patients and controls were compared. Results: Compared with the baseline before chemotherapy, TC, LDL-C, and TG increased significantly at the end of the 1st month after chemotherapy, but only the abnormal increase in TG (2.98±0.71 mmol/L vs 2.82±0.63 mmol/L, P<0.05) and LDL-C (1.82±0.42 mmol/L vs 1.59±0.42 mmol/L, P<0.05) continued until the 12th month after chemotherapy. Levels of HDL-C in breast cancer patients and all the blood lipid parameters in controls remained stable during the observation period. The percentage of dyslipidemia in breast cancer patients rose from 41.5% at baseline to 54.1% at the 12th month after chemotherapy. Subgroup analysis demonstrated that the increase in dyslipidemia percentage was more pronounced in patients with low body mass index and aged over 50 years. Conclusion: The (neo)adjuvant chemotherapy used for treating breast cancers can cause significant abnormalities in blood lipid profiles, and the abnormal increase in LDL-C and TG can last at least 12 months after chemotherapy, which indicates long-term management of blood lipid is necessary for those patients.

20.
JCI Insight ; 5(23)2020 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33119551

RESUMO

Atrial fibrillation (AF) commonly occurs after surgery and is associated with atrial remodeling. TRPV4 is functionally expressed in the heart, and its activation affects cardiac structure and functions. We hypothesized that TRPV4 blockade alleviates atrial remodeling and reduces AF induction in sterile pericarditis (SP) rats. TRPV4 antagonist GSK2193874 or vehicle was orally administered 1 day before pericardiotomy. AF susceptibility and atrial function were assessed using in vivo electrophysiology, ex vivo optical mapping, patch clamp, and molecular biology on day 3 after surgery. TRPV4 expression increased in the atria of SP rats and patients with AF. GSK2193874 significantly reduced AF vulnerability in vivo and the frequency of atrial ectopy and AF with a reentrant pattern ex vivo. Mechanistically, GSK2193874 reversed the abnormal action potential duration (APD) prolongation in atrial myocytes through the regulation of voltage-gated K+ currents (IK); reduced the activation of atrial fibroblasts by inhibiting P38, AKT, and STAT3 pathways; and alleviated the infiltration of immune cells. Our results reveal that TRPV4 blockade prevented abnormal changes in atrial myocyte electrophysiology and ameliorated atrial fibrosis and inflammation in SP rats; therefore, it might be a promising strategy to treat AF, particularly postoperative AF.

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