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1.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(12): 1124, 2021 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34857735

RESUMO

Glycosylation is an important modification of membrane proteins that results in functional changes in many cellular activities, from cell-cell recognition to regulatory signaling. Fucosyltransferase 8 (FUT8) is the sole enzyme responsible for core fucosylation, and aberrant fucosylation by dysregulated expression of fucosyltransferases is responsible for the growth of various types of carcinomas. However, the function of FUT8 in the progress of osteosarcoma (OS) has not been reported. In this study, we found that FUT8 is expressed at lower levels in patients with OS and in human OS cell lines such as MNNG/HOS, U2OS, and 143B, suggesting that attenuated expression of FUT8 is involved in the growth and progression of OS. Mechanistically, FUT8 affects the survival strategy of OS by modifying core-fucosylation levels of TNF receptors (TNFRs). Lower fucosylation of TNFRs activates the non-canonical NF-κB signaling pathway, and in turn, decreases mitochondria-dependent apoptosis in OS cells. Together, our results point to FUT8 being a negative regulator of OS that enhances OS-cell apoptosis and suggests a novel therapeutic strategy for treating OS.

2.
Theranostics ; 11(20): 9904-9917, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34815794

RESUMO

Rationale: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with aberrant generation of oxidative species and inflammation, leading to high mortality of in-hospitalized patients. Although N-acetylcysteine (NAC) showed positive effects in alleviating contrast-induced AKI, the clinical applications are strongly restrained due to the low bioavailability, low renal accumulation, short renal retention time, and high dosage-induced toxicity. Methods: We addressed the clinical dilemma of NAC by developing ultrasmall gold nanoclusters (1-2 nm) capped with NAC (denoted as Au NCs-NAC) as a nanozyme-based antioxidant defense system for AKI alleviation. Rhabdomyolysis-induced AKI mice model was developed, and the same dose of free NAC (as a control) and NAC onto Au NCs (Au NCs-NAC) was used for in vivo investigation of AKI restoration. Results: The as-developed gold nanozyme exhibited high bioavailability and good physicochemical stability as compared to NAC. Meanwhile, Au NCs-NAC showed broad-spectrum antioxidant activity of Au NCs-NAC, offering in vitro renoprotective effects, as well as macrophages by relieving inflammation under hydrogen peroxide or lipopolysaccharide stimulation. Notably, owing to the smaller size than kidney threshold (5.5 nm), Au NCs-NAC displayed preferential renal enrichment (< 2 h) and longer retention (> 24 h) in AKI mice as revealed by fluorescence imaging, thereby largely enhancing the restoration of renal function in AKI mice than free NAC by protecting the kidneys from oxidative injury and inflammation without systemic toxicity, as demonstrated by tissues staining, inflammatory cytokines and biomarkers detection, and mice survival rate. Conclusion: Owing to the synergistic anti-inflammatory/antioxidative effects, and enhanced bioavailability and renal accumulation/retention, Au NCs-NAC displayed far superior therapeutic performance than NAC alone. This work will facilitate the development of high-performance antioxidative nanoplatforms, as well as overcome the clinical limitations of small molecular drugs for AKI treatment and other inflammatory diseases.

3.
BMC Immunol ; 22(1): 72, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749650

RESUMO

Macrophages are involved in the pathophysiology of many diseases as critical cells of the innate immune system. Pyroptosis is a form of macrophage death that induces cytokinesis of phagocytic substances in the macrophages, thereby defending against infection. Dimethyl itaconate (DI) is an analog of itaconic acid with anti-inflammatory effects. However, the effect of dimethyl itaconate on macrophage pyroptosis has not been elucidated clearly. Thus, the present study aimed to analyze the effect of DI treatment on a macrophage pyroptosis model (Lipopolysaccharide, LPS + Adenosine Triphosphate, ATP). The results showed that 0.25 mM DI ameliorated macrophage pyroptosis and downregulated interleukin (IL)-1ß expression. Then, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to confirm the result of RNA-sequencing of the upregulated oxidative stress-related genes (Gclc and Gss) and downregulated inflammation-related genes (IL-12ß and IL-1ß). In addition, Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis showed that differential genes were associated with transcript levels and DNA replication. Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) enrichment showed that signaling pathways, such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF), Jak, Toll-like receptor and IL-17, were altered after DI treatment. N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) reversed the DI effect on the LPS + ATP-induced macrophage pyroptosis and upregulated the IL-1ß expression. Oxidative stress-related protein Nrf2 is involved in the DI regulation of macrophage pyroptosis. Taken together, these findings suggested that DI alleviates the pyroptosis of macrophages through oxidative stress.

4.
J Biophotonics ; : e202100242, 2021 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775685

RESUMO

Mueller matrix (MM) polarimetry can provide comprehensive information about the polarization properties which are closely related to the microstructural features and has demonstrated its potential in biomedical studies and clinical practices, and bright-field microscopy is widely used in pathological diagnosis as the golden standard. In this work, we improve the throughput of MM microscopy by learning a statistical transformation between these two imaging systems based on deep learning. Using this approach, the MM microscope can generate image that is equivalent to a bright-field microscope image of the matching field of view. We add new transformative capability to the existing MM imaging system without requiring extra hardware. The translation model is based on conditional generative adversarial network with customized loss functions. We demonstrated the effectiveness of our approach on liver and breast tissues, and evaluated the performance by four quantitative similarity assessment methods in pixel, image and distribution levels respectively. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

5.
Ann Diagn Pathol ; 56: 151847, 2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34742033

RESUMO

Muscle-invasive bladder carcinoma (MIBC) accounts for 25% of newly diagnosed bladder carcinomas (BCs) and presents a high risk of progression and metastasis. This study aimed to identify reliable biomarkers associated with muscle invasion and prognosis to identify potential therapeutic targets for MIBC. Four gene datasets were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus, and the integrated differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were then subjected to gene ontology (GO) terms and pathway enrichment analyses. Correlation analysis between the expression of the top-ranking DEGs and pathological T stages was performed to identify the genes associated with early muscle invasion. The corresponding prognostic values were evaluated, and co-expressed genes mined in the cBioPortal database were loaded into ClueGo in Cytoscape for pathway enrichment analysis. Using data mining from the STRING and TCGA databases, protein-protein interaction and competitive endogenous RNA networks were constructed. In total, 645 integrated DEGs were identified and these were mainly enriched in 26 pathways, including cell cycle, bladder cancer, DNA replication, and PPAR signaling pathway. S100A7 expression was significantly increased from the T2 stage and showed significantly worse overall survival and disease-specific survival in patients with BC. In total, 144 genes co-expressed with S100A7 in BC were significantly enriched in the IL-17 pathway. S100A7 was predicted to directly interact with LYZ, which potentially shows competitive binding with hsa-mir-140 to affect the expression of six lncRNAs in MIBC. In conclusion, high S100A7 expression was predicted to be associated with early muscle invasion and poor survival in patients with BC.

6.
Trends Plant Sci ; 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34772612

RESUMO

The genus Taxus is well known for its anticancer metabolite, paclitaxel. Recent releases of chromosome-scale reference genomes for two Taxus species (Xiong et al. and Cheng et al.) now provide novel insights on genome structure and phylogenomics and the origin and evolution of the paclitaxel biosynthesis pathway.

7.
Int Orthop ; 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34783889

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extended curettage has increasingly become the preferred treatment for giant cell tumour of bone (GCTB), but the high recurrence rate after curettage poses a major challenge for orthopaedic surgeons. Computed tomography (CT) is valuable in the evaluation of GCTB. Our aim was to identify specific features of GCTB around the knee in pre-operative CT images that might have prognostic value for local recurrence. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from 124 patients with primary GCTB around the knee who underwent extended curettage from 2010 through 2019. We collected demographic, clinical, and therapeutic data along with several CT-derived tumour characteristics. CT-derived tumor characteristics included tumour size, the distance between the tumour edge and articular surface (DTA), and destruction of posterior cortical bone (DPC). Akaike information criterion (AIC) was used to select which variables to enter into multivariate logistic regression models and to determine significant factors affecting recurrence. RESULTS: The total recurrence rate was 21.0% (26/124), and the average follow-up time was 69.5 ± 31.2 months (24-127 months). Age, DTA (< 2 mm), and DPC were significantly related to recurrence, as determined by multivariate logistic regression. The C-index of the final model was 0.79 (95% CI: 0.71 to 0.88), representing a good model for predicting recurrence. CONCLUSION: Identifying certain features of GCTB around the knee on CT has prognostic value for patients treated with extended curettage. A three-factor model predicts tumour recurrence well after extended curettage.

8.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 745225, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34721345

RESUMO

There is a special interaction between the environment, soil microorganisms, and tea plants, which constitute the ecosystem of tea plantations. Influenced by environmental factors and human management, the changes in soil microbial community affected the growth, quality, and yield of tea plants. However, little is known about the composition and structure of soil bacterial and fungal communities in 100-year-old tea plantations and the mechanisms by which they are affected. In this regard, we characterized the microbiome of tea plantation soils by considering the bacterial and fungal communities in 448 soil samples from 101 ancient tea plantations in eight counties of Lincang city, which is one of the tea domestication centers in the world. 16S and Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) rRNA high-throughput amplicon sequencing techniques were applied in this study. The results showed that the abundance, diversity, and composition of the bacterial and fungal communities have different sensitivity with varying pH, altitude, and latitude. pH and altitude affect soil microbial communities, and bacterial communities are more sensitive than fungi in terms of abundance and diversity to pH. The highest α-diversity of bacterial communities is shown in the pH 4.50-5.00 and 2,200-m group, and fungi peaked in the pH 5.00-5.50 and 900-m group. Because of environmental and geographical factors, all microbes are similarly changing, and further correlations showed that the composition and structure of bacterial communities are more sensitive than fungal communities, which were affected by latitude and altitude. In conclusion, the interference of anthropogenic activities plays a more important role in governing fungal community selection than environmental or geographical factors, whereas for the bacterial community, it is more selective to environment adaptation than to adaptation to human activities.

9.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 6389, 2021 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34737279

RESUMO

Focusing electromagnetic field to enhance the interaction with matter has been promoting researches and applications of nano electronics and photonics. Usually, the evanescent-wave coupling is adopted in various nano structures and materials to confine the electromagnetic field into a subwavelength space. Here, based on the direct coupling with confined electron oscillations in a nanowire, we demonstrate a tight localization of microwave field down to 10-6λ. A hybrid nanowire-bowtie antenna is further designed to focus the free-space microwave to this deep-subwavelength space. Detected by the nitrogen vacancy center in diamond, the field intensity and microwave-spin interaction strength are enhanced by 2.0 × 108 and 1.4 × 104 times, respectively. Such a high concentration of microwave field will further promote integrated quantum information processing, sensing and microwave photonics in a nanoscale system.

10.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(30): 8999-9010, 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34786383

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stroke has a great influence on the patient's mental health, and reasonable psychological adjustment and disease perception can promote the recovery of mental health. AIM: To explore the relationships among resilience, coping style, and uncertainty in illness of stroke patients. METHODS: A retrospective study was used to investigate 154 stroke patients who were diagnosed and treated at eight medical institutes in Henan province, China from October to December 2019. We used the Mishel Uncertainty in Illness Scale, the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, and the Medical Coping Modes Questionnaire to test the uncertainty in illness, resilience, and coping style, respectively. RESULTS: Resilience had a significant moderating role in the correlation between coping style and unpredictability and information deficiency for uncertainty in illness (P < 0.05). Further, the tenacity and strength dimensions of resilience mediated the correlation between the confrontation coping style and complexity, respectively (P < 0.05). The strength dimension of resilience mediated the correlation between an avoidance coping style and the unpredictability of uncertainty in illness (P < 0.05), as well as correlated with resignation, complexity, and unpredictability (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Resilience has moderating and mediating roles in the associations between coping style and uncertainty in illness, indicating that it is vital to improve resilience and consider positive coping styles for stroke patients in the prevention and control of uncertainty in illness.

11.
Oncogene ; 40(46): 6417-6429, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601505

RESUMO

Tumor cells must rewire cellular metabolism to satisfy the demands of unbridled growth and proliferation. How these metabolic processes are integrated to fuel cancer cell growth remains largely unknown. Deciphering the regulatory mechanisms is vital to develop targeted strategies for tumor-selective therapies. We herein performed an unbiased and functional siRNA screen against 96 deubiquitinases, which play indispensable roles in cancer and are emerging as therapeutic targets, and identified USP29 as a top candidate essential for metabolic reprogramming that support biosynthesis and survival in tumor cells. Integrated metabolic flux analysis and molecular investigation reveal that USP29 directly deubiquitinates and stabilizes MYC and HIF1α, two master regulators of metabolic reprogramming, enabling adaptive response of tumor cells in both normoxia and hypoxia. Systemic knockout of Usp29 depleted MYC and HIF1α in MYC-driven neuroblastoma and B cell lymphoma, inhibited critical metabolic targets and significantly prolonged survival of tumor-bearing mice. Strikingly, mice homozygous null for the Usp29 gene are viable, fertile, and display no gross phenotypic abnormalities. Altogether, these results demonstrate that USP29 selectively coordinates MYC and HIF1α to integrate metabolic processes critical for cancer cell growth, and therapeutic targeting of USP29, a potentially targetable enzyme, could create a unique vulnerability given deregulation of MYC and HIF1α frequently occurs in human cancers.

12.
Chin Herb Med ; 13(4): 502-517, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34659385

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the medication rules of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) preventive oral prescriptions for COVID-19. Methods: The preventive oral prescriptions for COVID-19 published by national and provincial health and wellness committees, administrations of TCM, medical institutions at all levels, medical masters and Chinese medicine experts were collected to establish a database, manual screening was carried out according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and frequency statistics, association rule analysis. The mutual information method, entropy hierarchical clustering and other methods were improved through Excel and the TCM inheritance auxiliary platform V2.5 to mine the rules and characteristics of medication. Results: The selected 157 prescriptions contained a total of 130 TCMs. The top five TCMs with the highest use frequency were Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma (86), Astragali Radix (80), Lonicerea Japonicae Flos (70), Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma (62), Saposhnikoviae Radix (60). In accordance with TCM efficacy classification, most of them were medicines for qi-tonifying (279), followed by medicines for clearing heat and drying dampness (163), dispelling pathogenic wind-cold (126), resolving dampness (111), as well as dispelling pathogenic wind-heat (99). The characteristics of four-natures of the selected medicines are as follows: most of them were cold (59), followed by warm (38) and mild (21). In terms of five-taste, most of them were sweet (26) and acrid-and-bitter (24), followed by sweet-and-bitter (20), bitter (20) and acrid (15). For the meridian attribution, the five-zang organs and six-fu organs were all involved, most of them attributed to lung meridian (80), followed by stomach meridian (57) and spleen meridian (40). Based on association rule analysis, 12 commonly used medicine combinations with two or three TCMs were found. The commonly used medicinal pairs included Astragali Radix and Saposhnikoviae Radix (51), Astragali Radix and Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma (46), Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma and Saposhnikoviae Radix (43), Astragali Radix and Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma and Saposhnikoviae Radix (38), Forsythiae Fructus and Astragali Radix (37), and so on. In addition, 14 core combinations of medicines were obtained by complex system entropy cluster analysis, on this basis, six new prescriptions were screened out based on unsupervised entropy hierarchical clustering analysis. According to The Catalogue of Edible Traditional Chinese Medicinal Materials, Traditional Chinese Medicinal Materials for Health Food, and New Resources of Food published by National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China, there are 35 species belonging to the group of edible traditional Chinese medicinal materials, 20 species belonging to the group of new resources of food, 31 species belonging to the group of traditional Chinese medicinal materials for health food, 19.11% of the preventive oral prescriptions for COVID-19 were composed of the medicines belonging to the above three groups. Besides, there are 11 toxic species, and 24.84% of the preventive oral prescriptions for COVID-19 contained toxic TCMs. Conclusion: We found that invigorating qi and resolving dampness were the main treatment used to prevent for COVID-19, combined with the methods for strengthening vital energy and eliminating pathogenic factors. Most of the preventive oral prescriptions for COVID-19 were treated in lung, spleen and stomach meridians. In the process of selecting prescriptions and using TCMs to prevent for COVID-19, the safety of preventive medicines was also emphasized. And the theory of "Preventive Treatment of Disease" was embodied in these preventive oral prescriptions for COVID-19. For the prescriptions containing toxic TCMs, special attention should be paid to their safety in clinical application.

13.
Clin J Pain ; 37(12): 867-871, 2021 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593674

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to observe the effect of subcutaneous stimulation of the peripheral nerve on acute or subacute zoster occurring in trigeminal nerve branches, and to evaluate the preventive effect of prior temporary implant of a peripheral stimulation electrode in the acute or subacute phase of herpes zoster (HZ) (from 30 to 90 d after zoster onset) before postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) presents. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 26 patients' medical records were analyzed. All of patients had received temporary subcutaneous peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS). The clinical efficacy of treatment was evaluated on a visual analog scale (VAS), and dosages of pain medication were recorded before and at 1 to 6 months after the temporary stimulation. The rate of PHN was reevaluated at a 6 months follow-up. RESULTS: There was a significant decrease in VAS values after PNS. Medication doses decreased significantly after TPNS. The rate of clinically meaningful PHN (VAS >3) dropped below 4%. DISCUSSION: This study revealed that PNS is an effective treatment for trigeminal herpetic neuralgia following acute or subacute HZ. As a extend neuromodulation method, subcutaneous peripheral nerve-field stimulation might be a useful option to reduce the progression of neuropathic changes caused by persistent transmission of pain signals in the trigeminal nerve branches after the acute or subacute phase of HZ.


Assuntos
Herpes Zoster , Neuralgia Pós-Herpética , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo , Herpes Zoster/complicações , Herpes Zoster/terapia , Humanos , Neuralgia Pós-Herpética/tratamento farmacológico , Nervos Periféricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/terapia
14.
World J Pediatr ; 17(6): 643-652, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34716893

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To improve compliance with voiding diaries in children with primary monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (PMNE), a new modified 3-day weekend frequency-volume chart (FVC) was designed, and the compliance and validity of this modified FVC was evaluated by comparing with the International Children's Continence Society (ICCS) recommended voiding diary. METHODS: A total of 1200 patients with PMNE were enrolled in the study from 13 centers in China and were randomly assigned to record this modified FVC or the ICCS-recommended voiding diary. The primary outcome measure was the compliance, assessed by comparing the completing index and the quality score of diaries between two groups. The secondary outcome measure was the validity, evaluated by comparing the constituent of subtypes, micturition parameters and response rate to desmopressin. RESULTS: Among the 1200 participants enrolled in the study, 447 patients completed the ICCS-recommended voiding diary and 469 completed the modified diary. The diurnal completing index and the quality score of the modified FVC group were better than those of the ICCS group. In addition, there was no significant difference between these two groups in the subtype classification, or in the response rate to desmopressin. CONCLUSIONS: The modified FVC could be applied to obtain the voiding characteristics of children with PMNE as the ICCS-recommended voiding diary does and offers a reasonable and better choice for children with PMNE from the unselected population in the future.

15.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(27): 8177-8185, 2021 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34621878

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The development of peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) after chemotherapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) is rare, and highly aggressive TCL/leukemia has not been reported to date. The relationship between HL and PTCL needs further exploration to understand the pathogenesis of metachronous lymphoma (ML) and find effective treatment options. We report a patient with ML, whose biopsy of a right cervical lymph node initially confirmed classical HL (CHL). CASE SUMMARY: We report a patient with ML, whose biopsy of a right cervical lymph node initially confirmed CHL, with typical reed-sternberg cells expressing CD30 and PAX-5. T-cell leukemia/lymphoma occurred 3 years after treatment, and a lymph node biopsy at the onset confirmed PTCL, nonspecific type, expressing CD3, CD4 and CD8. The patient was treated with standard doses of chemotherapy, programmed cell death-ligand 1 monoclonal antibody, and chidamide, all of which failed to achieve complete remission. The patient was diagnosed with refractory state, and eventually died of leukocyte stasis. CONCLUSION: The accuracy of the diagnosis needs to be confirmed when chemotherapeutic drugs are not effective.

17.
Arch Toxicol ; 95(12): 3815-3827, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596730

RESUMO

RegQTL, a novel concept, indicates that different genotypes of some SNPs have differential effects on the expression patterns of miRNAs and their target mRNAs. We aimed to identify the association between regQTL-SNPs and lung cancer risk and to explore the underlying mechanisms. The two-stage case-control study included the first stage in a Chinese population (626 lung cancer cases and 667 healthy controls) and the second stage in a European population (18,082 lung cancer cases and 13,780 healthy controls). Functional annotations were conducted based on the GTEx and the TCGA databases. Functional experiments were performed to explore the underlying biological mechanisms in vitro and vivo. After strict screening, five candidate regQTL-SNPs (rs7110737, rs273957, rs6593210, rs3768617, and rs6836432) were selected. Among them, the variant T allele of rs3768617 in LAMC1 was found to significantly increase the risk of lung cancer (first stage: P = 0.044; second stage: P = 0.007). The eQTL analysis showed that LAMC1 expression level was significantly higher in subjects with the variant T allele of rs3768617 (P = 1.10 × 10-14). In TCGA paired database, the regQTL annotation indicated the different expression patterns between LAMC1 and miRNA-548b-3p for the distinct genotypes of rs3768617. Additionally, LAMC1 knockdown significantly inhibited malignant phenotypes in lung cancer cell lines and suppressed tumor growth. A novel regQTL-SNP, rs3768617, might affect lung cancer risk by modulating the expression patterns of miRNA-548b-3p and LAMC1. RegQTL-SNPs could provide a new perspective for evaluating the regulatory function of SNPs in lung cancer development.

18.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 1135, 2021 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34688260

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is one of the most lethal urological malignancies, but the pathogenesis and prognosis of ccRCC remain obscure, which need to be better understand. METHODS: Differentially expressed genes were identified and function enrichment analyses were performed using three publicly available ccRCC gene expression profiles downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. The protein-protein interaction and the competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) networks were visualized by Cytoscape. Multivariate Cox analysis was used to predict an optimal risk mode, and the survival analysis was performed with the Kaplan-Meier curve and log-rank test. Protein expression data were downloaded from Clinical Proteomic Tumor Analysis Consortium database and Human Protein Atlas database, and the clinical information as well as the corresponding lncRNA and miRNA expression data were obtained via The Cancer Genome Atlas database. The co-expressed genes and potential function of candidate genes were explored using data exacted from the Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia database. RESULTS: Of the 1044 differentially expressed genes shared across the three datasets, 461 were upregulated, and 583 were downregulated, which significantly enriched in multiple immunoregulatory-related biological process and tumor-associated pathways, such as HIF-1, PI3K-AKT, P53 and Rap1 signaling pathways. In the most significant module, 36 hub genes were identified and were predominantly enriched in inflammatory response and immune and biotic stimulus pathways. Survival analysis and validation of the hub genes at the mRNA and protein expression levels suggested that these genes, particularly complement component 3 (C3) and fibronectin 1 (FN1), were primarily responsible for ccRCC tumorigenesis and progression. Increased expression of C3 or FN1 was also associated with advanced clinical stage, high pathological grade, and poor survival in patients with ccRCC. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis qualified the expression levels of the two genes as candidate biomarkers for predicting poor survival. FN1 was potentially regulated by miR-429, miR-216b and miR-217, and constructed a bridge to C3 and C3AR1 in the ceRNA network, indicating a critical position of FN1. CONCLUSIONS: The biomarkers C3 and FN1 could provide theoretical support for the development of a novel prognostic tool to advance ccRCC diagnosis and targeted therapy.

19.
Front Oncol ; 11: 705866, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34660273

RESUMO

Introduction: The aim of this study is to rigorously review the efficacy and safety of olanzapine in chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) settings including (1) at 5- and 10-mg doses, and (2) the setting of highly emetogenic chemotherapy (HEC) and moderately emetogenic chemotherapy (MEC). Methods: Embase, Pubmed, and Cochrane Library were searched from the establishment of the database through April 18, 2021. The primary efficacy endpoints were the rate of complete response (CR; no emesis and no rescue), in the acute (0-24 h post-chemotherapy), delayed (24-120 h post-chemotherapy), and overall (0-120 h post-chemotherapy) phases. The secondary efficacy endpoints were the rates of complete control (CC, no nausea, and no emesis), for each phase. Safety endpoints were the rate of somnolence, as assessed by Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) criteria. The Mantel-Haenszel, random, or fixed-effect analysis model was used to compute risk ratios and accompanying 95% confidence intervals for each endpoint. For endpoints that statistically favored one arm, absolute risk differences were computed to assess whether there is a 10% or greater difference, used as the threshold for clinical significance by MASCC/ESMO. Result: Nine studies reported the use of 10 mg olanzapine to prevent CINV; three studies reported the use of 5 mg olanzapine to prevent CINV. When olanzapine was administered at 10 mg for HEC patients, the six endpoints were statistically and clinically better than the control group. For MEC patients, four out of six endpoints were better than the control group. When olanzapine is administered at 5 mg for MEC patients, four endpoints have statistical and clinical advantages. The sedative effects of 10 and 5 mg olanzapine were statistically more significant than those of the control group. The sedative effect of the 10-mg olanzapine group was more significant than that of the 5-mg olanzapine group, both statistically and clinically. Conclusion: 5 mg olanzapine may be as effective as 10 mg olanzapine for patients with HEC and MEC, and its sedative effect is lower than 10 mg olanzapine. Fewer studies on 5 mg olanzapine have led to uncertain data. In the future, more randomized controlled trials of 5 mg olanzapine are needed to study the balance between the effectiveness and safety of olanzapine.

20.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 30(4): 394-401, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34693433

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of the position of the upper and lower jaws on the anatomical structure of pharynx before and after orthognathic surgery in patients with skeletal Class Ⅲ malocclusion. METHODS: Craniofacial CT scan and speech data were collected from 31 patients with skeletal Class Ⅲ malocclusion before and 3 months after surgery. The collected CT data was imported into Dolphin imaging 11.95 software to establish a digital original model, and the anatomical structure of the pharynx was measured and analyzed. Speech data were analyzed objectively and subjectively by Computerized Speech Lab 4500b and professional speech specialists. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 24.0 software package. RESULTS: The distance from the lower edge of the soft palate to the posterior pharyngeal wall, the shortest distance from the posterior margin of the tongue to the posterior pharyngeal wall and its corresponding cross-sectional area were significantly different from those before surgery (P<0.05). The changes of SNA, SNB, ANB, OJ, and OBJ before and after surgery were significant in this series. Importantly, the speech intelligibility of orthognathic patients before and after surgery changed significantly subjectively (P<0.05). Objectively, the postoperative vowels /a/B2, B3, B4, /i/B1,B2, /u/B1,B2 and B4 of the patients were significantly different from those before surgery. There was no significant difference in the lower limit frequency of the consonants /x/, /zh/, /s/, the energy value of /zh/ and the grammatical form of /z/ before and after surgery. The maxillary advancement distance was highly correlated or significantly correlated with △S1, △VOP, and voice changes. CONCLUSIONS: Orthognathic surgery moves the upper and lower jaws to cause changes in the anatomy of the pharyngeal cavity, leading to changes of postoperative speech.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão Classe III de Angle , Cirurgia Ortognática , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ortognáticos , Cefalometria , Humanos , Má Oclusão Classe III de Angle/diagnóstico por imagem , Má Oclusão Classe III de Angle/cirurgia , Mandíbula , Maxila , Faringe/diagnóstico por imagem , Faringe/cirurgia , Fala
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