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1.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(2): 1792-1807, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32003755

RESUMO

The aim was to determine whether the neuroprotective effect of SIRT1 in Alzheimer's disease (AD), due to inhibition of aggregation of the ß-amyloid peptide (Aß), involves activation of α7 nAChR. In present study, four-month-old APP/PS1 mice were administered resveratrol (RSV) or suramin once daily for two months, following which their spatial learning and memory were assessed using the Morris water maze test. Deposits of Aß in vivo were detected by near-infrared imaging (NIRI) and confocal laser scanning. SH-SY5Y/APPswe cells were treated with RSV, suramin, U0126 or methyllycaconitine (MLA). Levels of proteins and mRNA were determined by Western blotting and qRT-PCR, respectively. The results show that activation of SIRT1 improved their spatial learning and memory and reduced the production and aggregation of Aß in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex; whereas inhibition of SIRT1 had the opposite effects. In addition, activation of SIRT1 increased the levels of both α7 nAChR and αAPP in the brains these animals. Finally, activation of SIRT1 elevated the levels of pERK1/2, while inhibition of ERK1/2 counteracted the increase in α7 nAChR caused by RSV. These findings indicate that neuroprotection by SIRT1 may involve increasing levels of α7 nAChR through activation of the MAPK/ERK1/2 signaling pathway.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31919933

RESUMO

Presented herein is the first direct alkylation and hydroxylation reaction between two different C(sp3 )-H bonds, indolin-2-ones and alkyl-substituted N-heteroarenes, through an oxidative cross-coupling reaction. The reaction is catalyzed by a simple iron salt under mild ligand-free and base-free conditions. The reaction is environmentally benign, employs air (molecular oxygen) as the terminal oxidant and oxygen source for the synthesis of O-containing compounds, and produces only water as the byproduct.

3.
PLoS One ; 15(1): e0227258, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31978074

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The molecular changes involved in Alzheimer's disease (AD) progression remain unclear since we cannot easily access antemortem human brains. Some non-mammalian vertebrates such as the zebrafish preserve AD-relevant transcript isoforms of the PRESENILIN genes lost from mice and rats. One example is PS2V, the alternative transcript isoform of the PSEN2 gene. PS2V is induced by hypoxia/oxidative stress and shows increased expression in late onset, sporadic AD brains. A unique, early onset familial AD mutation of PSEN2, K115fs, mimics the PS2V coding sequence suggesting that forced, early expression of PS2V-like isoforms may contribute to AD pathogenesis. Here we use zebrafish to model the K115fs mutation to investigate the effects of forced PS2V-like expression on the transcriptomes of young adult and aged adult brains. METHODS: We edited the zebrafish genome to model the K115fs mutation. To explore its effects at the molecular level, we analysed the brain transcriptome and proteome of young (6-month-old) and aged (24-month-old) wild type and heterozygous mutant female sibling zebrafish. Finally, we used gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) to compare molecular changes in the brains of these fish to human AD. RESULTS: Young heterozygous mutant fish show transcriptional changes suggesting accelerated brain aging and increased glucocorticoid signalling. These early changes precede a transcriptional 'inversion' that leads to glucocorticoid resistance and other likely pathological changes in aged heterozygous mutant fish. Notably, microglia-associated immune responses regulated by the ETS transcription factor family are altered in both our zebrafish mutant model and in human AD. The molecular changes we observe in aged heterozygous mutant fish occur without obvious histopathology and possibly in the absence of Aß. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that forced expression of a PS2V-like isoform contributes to immune and stress responses favouring AD pathogenesis. This highlights the value of our zebrafish genetic model for exploring molecular mechanisms involved in AD pathogenesis.

4.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(1): 543-570, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31905173

RESUMO

Ligands of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are widely considered as potential therapeutic agents. The present study used primary hippocampus cells and APPswe/PSEN1dE9 double-transgenic mice models to study the possible therapeutic effect and underlying mechanism of the specific activation of α7 nAChR by PNU-282987 in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. The results indicated that activation of α7 nAChR attenuated the Aß-induced cell apoptosis, decreased the deposition of Aß, increased the expression of synaptic-associated proteins, and maintained synaptic morphology. Furthermore, in the APP/PS1_DT mice model, activation of α7 nAChR attenuated Aß-induced synaptic loss, reduced the deposition of Aß in the hippocampus, maintained the integral structure of hippocampus-derived synapse, and activated the calmodulin (CaM)-calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII)-cAMP response element-binding protein signaling pathway by upregulation of its key signaling proteins. In addition, activation of α7 nAChR improved the learning and memory abilities of the APP/PS1_DT mice. Collectively, the activation of α7 nAChR by PNU-282987 attenuated the toxic effect of Aß in vivo and in vitro, which including reduced deposition of Aß in the hippocampus, maintained synaptic morphology by partially reversing the expression levels of synaptic-associated proteins, activation of the Ca2+ signaling pathway, and improvement of the cognitive abilities of APP/PS1_DT mice.

5.
Brain Behav ; 10(1): e01461, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793238

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To evaluate effectiveness of human urinary kallindinogenase (HUK) in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) according to Chinese ischemic stroke subclassification (CISS) and analyzed risk factors of clinical efficacy. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 134 patients received conventional therapy were enrolled to control group, and 132 patients received HUK treatment were enrolled to HUK group. National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score was used to evaluate the clinical efficacy. Multivariate analysis of risk factors was performed by using logistic regression. RESULTS: After treatment, NIHSS score of HUK group was significant lower than that of control group (p = .009). Effectiveness rate was 71.2% in HUK group, and 53.7% in control group, respectively (p = .003). The NIHSS of patients with large artery atherosclerosis (LAA) subtype in HUK group was significantly lower than that in control group (p = .005). The absence of HUK (OR = 2.75), homocysteine (OR = 0.15), and CS subtype (OR = 0.18) were risk factors for HUK clinical efficacy. CONCLUSIONS: Human urinary kallindinogenase is an effective therapeutic approach for treatment of patients with AIS, especially in patients with LAA subtype. The absence of HUK, elevated homocysteine, and cardiogenic stroke subtype were risk factor for clinical efficacy of HUK.

6.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(3): 3554-3562, 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31886641

RESUMO

Metallic antimony (Sb) is an attractive anode material for lithium-/sodium-ion batteries (LIBs/SIBs) because of its high theoretical capacity (660 mA h g-1), but it suffers from poor cycling performance caused by the huge volume expansion and the unstable solid electrolyte interphase (SEI). Here, we report a high-performing microsized Sb anode for both LIBs and SIBs by coupling it with fluoroethylene carbonate (FEC) containing electrolytes. The optimum amount of FEC (10 vol %) renders a stable LiF/NaF-rich SEI on Sb electrodes that can suppress the continuous electrolyte decomposition and accommodate the volume variation. The microsized Sb electrode gradually evolves into a porous integrity assembled by nanoparticles in FEC-containing electrolytes during cycling, which is totally different from that in the FEC-free counterpart. As a result, the microsized Sb electrodes exhibit a reversible capacity of 540 mA h g-1 with 85.3% capacity retention after 150 cycles at 1000 mA g-1 for LIBs and 605 mA h g-1 with 95.4% capacity retention after 150 cycles at 200 mA g-1 for SIBs. More impressively, the prototype full Li-based (i.e., Sb/LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 cell) and Na-based (i.e., Sb/Na3V2(PO4)2O2F cell) batteries also achieve good cycling durability. This facile strategy of electrolyte formulation to boost the cycling performance of microsized Sb anodes will provide a new avenue for developing stable alloying-type materials for both LIBs and SIBs.

7.
Chemosphere ; 238: 124603, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442773

RESUMO

Environmental pollution is a risk factor for kidney dysfunction. However, the combined toxicity of air pollutants on kidney function is scarce. We estimated the relationship between combined toxicity of air pollutants and kidney function among adult women (n = 7071, 18-65 years old) in Mianyang City, Southwest China. We measured serum concentrations of uric acid, urea, creatinine, and cystatin C, and we calculated the individual estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) using a cystatin C-based equation developed specifically for Chinese patients with CKD equation. Air pollution data were collected to calculate the individual average daily dose (ADD) of pollutants based on the air quality complex index (AQCI). Mean AQCI was higher in winter and lower in summer, and followed the monthly and seasonal trends of air pollutants. Concomitantly, individual ADD was also higher in winter and lower in summer, and the seasonal differences were reflected in the levels of kidney biomarkers (including uric acid, urea, creatinine, cystatin C, and eGFR). With an interquartile range (IQR: 1.04-1.50 m3/day/kg) increases of ADD, the serum concentrations of uric acid, urea, creatinine, and cystatin C increase [B (95%CI): 1.774 (0.318, 3.231) umol/L, 0.218 (0.1888, 0.247) mmol/L, 1.501 (1.016, 1.986) umol/L, and 0.006 (0.003, 0.009) mg/L, respectively], whereas eGFR decreases [B (95%CI): -0.776 (-1.106, -0.446) mL/min/1.73 m2]. Totally, the relationship between combined toxicity of air pollutants and kidney function in Chinese adult women suggests that the toxicity of combined air pollutants inversely affects kidney function, which might accelerate the risk of CKD.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Poluição do Ar/análise , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Algoritmos , Biomarcadores/sangue , China , Creatinina/sangue , Cistatina C/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Rim/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Ureia/sangue , Ácido Úrico/sangue , Adulto Jovem
8.
Front Psychol ; 10: 2630, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31827454

RESUMO

Appropriate learning styles enhance the academic performance of students. This research compares and contrasts the popular effect of teacher-student double centered learning style (TSDCLS) and student-centered learning style (SCLS) on one's reading, including reading comprehension, inference, main idea abstraction, and reading anxiety. One hundred and fifty one students in grade 4 from three groups (two experimental groups and one control group) participated in the experiment with 18 weeks' reading comprehension training. The results showed that, first, both learning styles contributed to students' reading comprehension, inference, main idea abstraction, and reading anxiety. Second, the TSDCLS contributed more to reading anxiety, and the SCLS contributed more to reading comprehension. Both learning styles had similar effects on inference and main idea abstraction. From the correlation test, excluding the correlation between SCLS and reading anxiety which was not significant, all other effects were significant. These findings are discussed along with implications and ideas for future research.

9.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(11): 5040-5047, 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854572

RESUMO

Filamentous bulking could commonly influence effluent water quality in sewage treatment plants. Existing technologies are slowly effective, time consuming, and poorly adaptable. For now, enhancing organics substrates (COD) and dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration, adding FeCl3 into the reactor, and maintaining alternant aeration conditions are common methods to control filamentous bulking, but the effects of coupling techniques on the control of bulking are rarely reported. In this study, the filamentous bulking resulting from unintentionally erupted Candidatus Saccharibacteria was controlled by FeCl3 coupled with biochemical methods, which transforming step-feed A/O processes to the SBR process in the emergency by increasing DO to (7.45±0.49) mg·L-1 during aeration, enhancing COD to (332.73±106.06) mg·L-1, and adding FeCl3 into the reactor to set the starting concentration to 120 mg·L-1. As the results showed, FeCl3 coupled with the biochemical method quickly counteracted the bulking sludge mainly composed of Candidatus Saccharibacteria caused by unknown reason, while the Sludge Volume Index dropped from 274 mL·g-1 to 56 mL·g-1 within 14 days. The relative abundance of Candidatus Saccharibacteria decreased from 97.64% to 32.67% at the genus level because FeCl3 coupled with the biochemical method inhibited growth of Candidatus Saccharibacteria. Meanwhile, effluents of both COD and PO43--P met the effluent requirements of the I-A discharge standard in China and removal efficiency of NH4+-N increased from 65.33% to 74.65%. The results showed that FeCl3 coupled with the biochemical method exhibited good performance in the control of bulking caused by unknown reasons.

10.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 17(1): 125, 2019 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31870362

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a pressing obstacle in clinical chemotherapy for breast cancer. Based on the fact that the drug efflux is an important factor in MDR, we designed a codelivery system to guide the drug efflux inhibitor verapamil (VRP) and the chemotherapeutic agent novantrone (NVT) synergistically into breast cancer cells to reverse MDR. RESULTS: This co-delivery system consists of following components: the active targeting peptide RGD, an inorganic calcium phosphate (CaP) shell and an organic inner core. VRP and NVT were loaded into CaP shell and phosphatidylserine polyethylene glycol (PS-PEG) core of nanoparticles (NPs) separately to obtain NVT- and VRP-loaded NPs (NV@CaP-RGD). These codelivered NPs allowed VRP to prevent the efflux of NVT from breast cancer cells by competitively combining with drug efflux pumps. Additionally, NV@CaP-RGD was effectively internalized into breast cancer cells by precise delivery through the effects of the active targeting peptides RGD and EPR. The pH-triggered profile of CaP was also able to assist the NPs to successfully escape from lysosomes, leading to a greatly increased effective intracellular drug concentration. CONCLUSION: The concurrent administration of VRP and NVT by organic/inorganic NPs is a promising therapeutic approach to reverse MDR in breast cancer.

11.
Int J Neurosci ; : 1-10, 2019 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31679397

RESUMO

Aim: The aim of this study is to investigate whether lithium chloride (LiCl) can regulate glycogen synthase kinase-3ß (GSK3ß)/nuclear factor E2 related factor(Nrf2)/heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) pathway to reduce the injury of oxidative stress in APP/PS1 double transgenic mice.Materials and Methods: The APP/PS1 double transgenic and wild-type (WT) mice were divided randomly into four groups, i.e. WT, WT + LiCl (LiCl 100 mg/kg by gavage once daily), the transgenic + LiCl and the transgenic groups. The expressions of phosphor-GSK3ß (ser9), Nrf2 and HO-1 at protein levels were detected by Western blotting. The activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) were measured by related detection kits. Nissl bodies in different brain regions were examined by Nissl staining.Results: The decreased protein levels of phosphor-GSK3ß (ser9), Nrf2 and HO-1, the declined activities of SOD and GSH-Px, the increased content of MDA and the decreased Nissl bodies in neurons were observed in the brains or serums of APP/PS1 mice as compared with WT. The treatment with LiCl attenuated these changes in the levels of GSK3ß/Nrf2/HO-1 pathway and oxidative stress as well as Nissl bodies induced by APP/PS1 mutation.Conclusion: LiCl reversed the declined activities of SOD and GSH-Px and the increased content of MDA as well as the decreased Nissl bodies in neurons in the brains or serums of APP/PS1 mice, the mechanism of which may be involved in the down-regulation of the activity of GSK3ß and consequently enhances the expressions of Nrf2 and HO-1.

12.
Front Genet ; 10: 991, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31681425

RESUMO

Cobitoidea is one of the two superfamilies in Cypriniformes; however, few genomes have been sequenced for Cobitoidea fishes. Here, we obtained a total of 252.90 Gb of short Illumina reads and 31.60 Gb of long PacBio Sequel reads, representing approximate genome coverage of 256× and 50×, respectively. The final assembled genome is about 583.47 Mb with contig N50 sizes of 2.87 Mb, which accounts for 91.44% of the estimated genome size of 638.07 Mb. Using Hi-C-based chromatin contact maps, 99.31% of the genome assembly was placed into 25 chromosomes, and the N50 is 22.3 Mb. The gene annotation completeness was evaluated by BUSCO, and 2,470 of the 2,586 conserved genes (95.5%) could be found in our assembly. Repetitive elements were calculated to reach 33.08% of the whole genome. Moreover, we identified 25,406 protein-coding genes, of which 92.59% have been functionally annotated. This genome assembly will be a valuable genomic resource to understand the biology of the Tibetan loaches and will also set a stage for comparative analysis of the classification, diversification, and adaptation of fishes in Cobitoidea.

13.
Opt Express ; 27(21): 29581-29593, 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684217

RESUMO

We present a proposal to generate robust optomechanical entanglement induced by the blue-detuning laser and the mechanical gain in a double-cavity optomechanical system. We show that the stability of the system can be obtained by introducing a cavity mode driven by the red-detuning laser in the blue-detuning regime. In contrast to the red-detuning regime, we find that the entanglement in the blue-detuning regime is extremely robust to temperature. The cavity mode driven by the blue-detuning laser can control indirectly the optomechanical entanglement between mechanical resonator and cavity mode driven by the red-detuning laser. Moreover, the entanglement between two cavity modes without direct coupling can also be achieved in our system. Although the entanglement is weak, it is robust to temperature, and meanwhile, the optomechanical entanglement is hardly affected by the temperature when the damping rate of the mechanical oscillator is close to zero. Furthermore, the entanglement amplification at high temperature can be achieved by adjusting the mechanical gain appropriately. Our proposal provides an efficient way to achieve robust optomechanical entanglement in the blue-detuning regime and entanglement amplification in optomechanical system with mechanical gain.

14.
Opt Express ; 27(21): 30517-30529, 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684298

RESUMO

Injecting radio frequency (RF) white noise to the current driving of the laser can broaden the laser emission linewidth and efficiently suppress cavity-mode noise in off-axis integrated cavity output spectroscopy (OA-ICOS). The effect of the injected RF noise level on the cavity-mode noise and the deformation of the absorption line shape in off-axis integrated cavity output spectroscopy (OA-ICOS) with a distributed feedback laser (DFB) at 1.65 µm were investigated. We measured methane at different concentrations between 0.1 ppmv and 2 ppmv associated with a -20 dBm RF noise injection. A linear spectral response of the intensity of the cavity output spectra with the CH4 concentration was observed. A threefold improvement in the detection limit was achieved compared to unperturbed OA-ICOS. The response time of the improved OA-ICOS system is about 30 s and the minimum detectable concentration (MDC) of CH4 is 7.6 ppbv, which corresponds to a minimum detectable fractional absorption scaled to the path length of 7.3 × 10-10 cm-1. The noise equivalent absorption sensitivity of the system is 5.51 × 10-9 cm-1Hz-1/2.

15.
BMC Pediatr ; 19(1): 409, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684904

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To explore the changes of inflammatory and oxidative stress responses in Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) children, and further analyzed the therapeutic effects and mechanisms of hemoperfusion (HP) on HSP with severe gastrointestinal (GI) involvement. METHODS: There were 200 children with HSP were divided into three groups according to their clinical manifestations: 60 in HSP without GI and renal involvement group, 60 in HSP with GI involvement group, and 80 in HSPN group. The HSP with GI involvement group was subdivided into conventional treatment (n = 30) and HP (n = 30) groups. Thirty children who visited the department of children healthcare for healthy physical examinations from January to December 2017 were set as healthy control group. The IL-6 and TNF-α levels were detected by chemoluminescence method. The MDA, SOD and T-AOC levels were determined by thiobarbituric acid colorimetric method, hydroxylamine method and chemical colorimetry. RESULTS: Compared with healthy group, IL-6, TNF-α and MDA levels in HSP were increased in each group, while SOD and T-AOC were decreased (P = 0.000). IL-6, TNF-α and MDA levels in the HSPN group were the highest, SOD and T-AOC levels were the lowest (P = 0.000). Compared with those before treatment, IL-6, TNF-α and MDA levels in the conventional and HP groups were decreased and SOD and T-AOC levels were increased (P = 0.000). The changes in HP group were more significant than those in conventional group (P < 0.047). Compared with conventional group, glucocorticoid dosage and the occurrence rate of hematuria and/or proteinuria within 3 months were lower in HP group. (P = 0.000, 0.004). CONCLUSIONS: Inflammatory and oxidative stress may be involved in the acute phase of HSP children. The intensity of inflammatory and oxidative stress responses were related to the degree of renal involvement. HP can reduce glucocorticoid dosage and the rate of renal involvement in children with severe HSP with GI involvement. The mechanism may be related to the fact that HP can effectively remove IL-6, TNF-α, MDA in HSP children.

16.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(95): 14323-14326, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714544

RESUMO

A Na2SO4 + H2SO4 mixed electrolyte is demonstrated for a tungsten bronze pseudocapacitive electrode. The Na2SO4 supporting salt allows a large potential window while H+ effectively suppresses phase transformation. The electrode delivers a capacitance of 860 mF cm-2 with a -0.9 V-0 V window and 98% capacitance retention over 30 000 cycles.

17.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31634149

RESUMO

In this article, two kinds of complex dynamical networks (CDNs) with state and derivative coupling are investigated, respectively. First, some important concepts about finite-time passivity (FTP), finite-time output strict passivity, and finite-time input strict passivity are introduced. By making use of state-feedback controllers and adaptive state-feedback controllers, several sufficient conditions are given to guarantee the FTP of these two network models. On the other hand, based on the obtained FTP results, some finite-time synchronization criteria for the CDNs with state and derivative coupling are gained. Finally, two simulation examples are proposed to verify the availability of the derived results.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31637008

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a malignancy with a poor prognosis. Surgery combined with chemotherapy has been recommended as a curative regimen for HCC. Nevertheless, the anticancer mechanisms of chemicals in hepatocellular carcinoma remain unclear. Pyroptosis is a type of programmed necrosis, and its mechanism in hepatocellular carcinoma is poorly understood. The efficacy and mechanism of arsenic trioxide nanoparticles in the treatment of HCC were explored in this research. Arsenic trioxide alone and arsenic trioxide nanoparticles were conveniently administered to mice intratumorally using a needle. Compared with As2O3, As2O3 nanoparticles (As2O3-NPs) showed better inhibition, promoted greater LDH release, and induced cell morphology indicative of pyroptosis in vitro. Compared with the free drug, As2O3-NPs increased GSDME-N expression and decreased Dnmt3a, Dnmt3b, and Dnmt1 expression in Huh7 cells. In vivo, As2O3-NPs induced a significant decrease in the expression of Dnmt3a, Dnmt3b and Dnmt1, but significantly upregulated the expression of GSDME-N (gasdermin E (GSDME) was originally found to be related to deafness; recently, it has been defined as a gasdermin family member associated with pyroptosis). As2O3-NPs inhibited tumor growth more strongly than As2O3 or control, a finding likely attributed to the downregulation of PCNA and DNMT-related proteins and the upregulation of GSDME-N.

19.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 50(4): 494-499, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31642225

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the myocardial texture features of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) in healthy adult Han populations. METHODS: 59 healthy Han volunteers were recruited for this study from May 2016 to November 2017. CMR examinations were performed on the participants with a 3.0T scanner (Tim Trio, Siemens Medical Solution) to estimate the functional parameters, Native T1 value and ECV. Texture analysis (TA) was performed on the region of interest (ROI) in the left ventricle myocardium on T1 mapping images, with 40 myocardial texture features being extracted. Differences in the myocardial texture features across gender and age groups were analyzed through Student's t-tests or Wilcoxon signed-rank tests. Spearman correlations were analyzed between the myocardial texture features and age, native T1 value and extracellular volume (ECV). RESULTS: Of the 59 participants, 28 were women and 29 were in the younger age group (< 45 years old). The male participants had higher left ventricular mass index (Lvmassi) and lower native T1 than their female counterparts (P < 0.01). No gender differences in blood pressure, heart rate, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and ECV values were found. Ten of the forty myocardial texture features showed gender differences, including two first order features and eight Grey-level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) features. Gender differences appeared in five first order features and eight GLCM features in the younger group (< 45 years old), but not in the older group (≥45 years old). Eight myocardial texture features were correlated with age, including five first order features and three GLCM features (all P < 0.01). Six first-order texture features were correlated with Native T1 values of the left ventricle middle myocardium. Three first-order texture features were correlated with ECV. CONCLUSION: Myocardial texture features in T1 mapping images vary by gender and age in healthy Han populations.


Assuntos
Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Miocárdio , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Meios de Contraste , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Fatores Sexuais
20.
Epigenomics ; 11(15): 1693-1715, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31650864

RESUMO

Aim: To analyze the m6A methylome of osteosarcoma stem cells (OSCs). Materials & methods: Chemoresistant OSCs were enriched by doxorubicin treatment. Expression of m6A-related enzymes was detected by quantitative real-time-PCR and western blot. MeRIP-seq and RNA-seq were performed to identify differences in m6A methylation and gene expression. Data analysis was conducted to explore the modified genes and their clinical significance. Results: Three m6A-related enzymes were altered in OSCs. Differentially methylated genes were enriched in some pathways regulating pluripotency of stem cells. The expression of several candidate genes were found consistent with that in GSE33458 dataset, and associated with poor prognosis in osteosarcoma patients. Conclusion: m6A may play a role in the emergence and maintaining of OSCs and affect the prognosis.

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