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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33404212

RESUMO

While quinoidal moieties are considered as emerging platforms showing efficient charge transport and interesting open-shell diradical characteristics, whether these properties could be changed by extension to the conjugated polymer structure remains as a fundamental question. Here, we developed and characterized two conjugated polymers incorporating quinoids with different lengths, which have a stable close- and open-shell diradical character, respectively, namely, poly(quinoidal thiophene-thienylene vinylene) (PQuT-TV) and poly(quinoidal bithiophene-thienylene vinylene) (PQuBT-TV). A longer length of a quinoidal core led to enhanced diradical characteristics. Therefore, the longer core length of QuBT was favorable for the formation of an open-shell diradical structure in its monomer and in the quinoidal polymer. PQuBT-TV exhibited high spin characteristics observed by the strong ESR signal, a low band gap, and improved electrochemical stability. On the other hand, as QuT maintained a closed-shell quinoid structure, PQuT-TV exhibited high backbone coplanarity and strong intermolecular interaction, which was beneficial for charge transport and led to high hole mobility (up to 2.40 cm2 V-1 s-1) in organic field-effect transistors. This work successfully demonstrated how the control of the closed/open-shell character of quinoidal building blocks changes charge transport and spin properties of quinoidal conjugated polymers via quinoid-aromatic interconversion.

2.
J Org Chem ; 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33416316

RESUMO

A quinoline-linked and ionic liquid-decorated covalent organic framework was prepared by incorporation of a multicomponent Povarov reaction and postsynthetic modification. The imidazolium and sulfonic acid-decorated COF-IM-SO3H can be a highly efficient Brønsted acid catalyst to promote the Biginelli reaction under solvent-free conditions in a heterogeneous way. In addition, a scaled-up Biginelli reaction has been readily realized over a COF-IM-SO3H@chitosan aerogel-based cup reactor.

3.
Int J Med Sci ; 18(2): 347-355, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33390803

RESUMO

Objectives: Research on recovering COVID-19 patients could be helpful for containing the pandemic and developing vaccines, but we still do not know much about the clinical features, recovery process, and antibody reactions during the recovery period. Methods: We retrospectively analysed the epidemiological information, discharge summaries, and laboratory results of 324 patients. Results: In all, 15 (8.62%) patients experienced chest distress/breath shortness, where 8 of the 15 were severely ill. This means severely ill patients need an extended amount of time to recover after discharge; next, 20 (11.49%) patients experienced anxiety and 21 (12.07%) had headache/insomnia and a small fraction of them complained of anosmia/ageusia, indicating that these patients need treatment for mental and psychological health issues. Regarding the re-positive patients, their CT and laboratory test results showed no obvious evidence of illness progress or infectivity but a high anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibody expression. Conclusion: Recovered COVID-19 patients need psychological and physiological care and treatment, re-positivity can occur in any person, but juveniles, females, and patients with mild/moderate existing symptoms have higher rates of re-positivity, While there is no evidence that turning re-positive has an impact on their infectivity, but it still alerted us that we need differentiate them in the following managements.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ageusia , /reabilitação , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
4.
Adv Healthc Mater ; : e2001821, 2021 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33433952

RESUMO

Chronic wound infections resulting from severe bacterial invasion have become a major medical threat worldwide. Herein, we report a large-area, homogeneous, and self-standing porphyrin-covalent organic framework (COF)-based membrane with encapsulated ibuprofen (IBU) via an in situ interfacial polymerization and impregnation approach. The obtained IBU@DhaTph-membrane exhibits highly effective antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects via synergistic light-induced singlet oxygen (1 O2 ) generation and controllable IBU release, which is well supported by in vitro experiments. In addition, the IBU@DhaTph-membrane-based biocompatible "band-aid" type dressing is fabricated, and its excellent anti-infection and tissue remodeling activities are fully evidenced by in vivo chronic wound-healing experiments. This study may inspire and promote the fabrication of many more new types of COF-based multifunctional biomaterials for various skin injuries in clinical medicine.

5.
Pain ; 2021 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33449512

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Lateral and ventral lateral subregions of the periaqueductal gray (l/vlPAG) have been proved to be pivotal components in descending circuitry of itch processing, and their effects are related to the subclassification of neurons that were meditated. In the present study, lateral parabrachial nucleus (LPB), one of the most crucial relay stations in the ascending pathway, was taken as the input nucleus to examine the modulatory effect of l/vlPAG neurons that received LPB projections. Anatomical tracing, chemogenetic, optogenetic and local pharmacological approaches were utilized to investigate the participation of the LPB-l/vlPAG pathway in itch and pain sensation in mice. First, morphological evidence for projections from vesicular glutamate transporter-2 (VGluT2)-containing neurons in the LPB to l/vlPAG involved in itch transmission has been provided. Furthermore, chemogenetic and optogenetic activation of the LPB-l/vlPAG pathway resulted in both antipruritic effect and analgesic effect, whereas pharmacogenetic inhibition strengthened nociceptive perception without affecting spontaneous scratching behavior. Finally, in vivo pharmacology was combined with optogenetics which revealed that AMPA receptor-expressing neurons in l/vlPAG might play a more essential role in pathway modulation. These findings provide a novel insight about the connections between two prominent transmit nuclei, LPB and l/vlPAG, in both pruriceptive and nociceptive sensations, and deepen the understanding of l/vlPAG modulatory roles in itch sensation by chosen LPB as source of ascending efferent projections.

6.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 6119, 2020 11 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33257678

RESUMO

The efficacy of checkpoint immunotherapy to non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) largely depends on the tumor microenvironment (TME). Here, we demonstrate that CCL7 facilitates anti-PD-1 therapy for the KrasLSL-G12D/+Tp53fl/fl (KP) and the KrasLSL-G12D/+Lkb1fl/fl (KL) NSCLC mouse models by recruiting conventional DC 1 (cDC1) into the TME to promote T cell expansion. CCL7 exhibits high expression in NSCLC tumor tissues and is positively correlated with the infiltration of cDC1 in the TME and the overall survival of NSCLC patients. CCL7 deficiency impairs the infiltration of cDC1 in the TME and the subsequent expansion of CD8+ and CD4+ T cells in bronchial draining lymph nodes and TME, thereby promoting tumor development in the KP mouse model. Administration of CCL7 into lungs alone or in combination with anti-PD-1 significantly inhibits tumor development and prolongs the survival of KP and KL mice. These findings suggest that CCL7 potentially serves as a biomarker and adjuvant for checkpoint immunotherapy of NSCLC.

7.
Ann Biomed Eng ; 2020 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33258090

RESUMO

Lung cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide. Radiation therapy (RT) is one method to treat this disease. A common side effect of RT for lung cancer is radiation-induced lung damage (RILD) which leads to loss of lung function. RILD often compounds pre-existing smoking-related regional lung function impairment. It is difficult to predict patient outcomes due to large variability in individual response to RT. In this study, the capability of image-based modelling of regional ventilation in lung cancer patients to predict lung function post-RT was investigated. Twenty-five patient-based models were created using CT images to define the airway geometry, size and location of tumour, and distribution of emphysema. Simulated ventilation within the 20 Gy isodose volume showed a statistically significant negative correlation with the change in forced expiratory volume in 1 s 12-months post-RT (p = 0.001, R = - 0.61). Patients with higher simulated ventilation within the 20 Gy isodose volume had a greater loss in lung function post-RT and vice versa. This relationship was only evident with the combined impact of tumour and emphysema, with the location of the emphysema relative to the dose-volume being important. Our results suggest that model-based ventilation measures can be used in the prediction of patient lung function post-RT.

8.
J Oral Implantol ; 2020 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33270880

RESUMO

Schneiderian membrane (SM) thickness >2mm is regarded to be a pathological mucosal change. The aim of the current study is to answer the question" Does presence of pathological changes in the SM increase the risk of sinus perforation during surgical sinus floor elevation (SFE)?" An electronic database (PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Chinese database) were systemically searched for the studies published until February 2020. Randomized and non-randomized studies that reported the incidence of SM perforation in patients with SM pathology (antral pseudocyst or mucosal thickening) during SFE. The outcome measures were the incidence of SM perforation and implant survival rate. The pooled odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals and the Fixed-effects model were calculated. P-value ≤ 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Eighteen studies with a total of 1542 patients and 1797 SFE were included. Statistically insignificant difference in the incidence of SM perforation was observed between the normal-appearing sinus and thickened sinus mucosa (Fixed; OR, 0.896; 95%CI, 0.504 - 1.59; P =0.707, I 2 =32%). The rate of SM perforation in the normal sinus, mucosal thickening, and antral pseudocysts was 14%, 6%, and 6% respectively. The Implant survival rate was 98% in the normal sinus, and 100% in antral pseudocyst and mucosal thickening. SM thickening or antral pseudocyst did not increase the risk of membrane perforation and implant failure rates. Future RCTs are needed to evaluate the risk of the presence of pathological changes in the SM on the failure of the bone augmentation and dental implant.

9.
Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol ; : 1-10, 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33285073

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glutathione is a potential therapy for systemic lupus erythematosus, but its role in allergic rhinitis (AR) has not been determined. This report probed into the actions of glutathione in AR, so as to supplement evidence for a therapeutical countermeasure for AR. METHODS: In this study, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of patients were extracted and processed with glutathione. PBMCs and nasal mucosa tissues were collected from AR mouse models treated with or without glutathione. The proportions of Th17/Treg cell markers and autophagy-related molecules in the nasal mucosa, PBMCs or Th17/Treg cells were assessed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), Western blot (WB) or flow cytometry analysis, and serum contents of related factors were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was applied to observe the thickness of mouse mucosa. RESULTS: IL-17A, RORγt, Beclin1 and LC3-II/LC3-I levels were increased in AR patients, while Foxp3 and P62 were decreased. The serum contents of IL-17A and eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) in AR patients were elevated, but IL-10 level was reduced. In PBMCs of AR patients, the levels of IL-17A and LC3-II were increased, and the levels of Foxp3 and P62 were decreased, while these changes could be reversed by glutathione. In AR mouse models, glutathione could balance Th17/Treg cells, reduce autophagy, correct the levels of related cytokines in mouse serum, and shrunk mucosa thickness. CONCLUSION: Glutathione could rescue the imbalance of Treg/Th17 cells by suppressing intracellular autophagy, which might be beneficial to the treatment of AR patients.

10.
Front Oncol ; 10: 559543, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33282728

RESUMO

High-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection play an important role in the development of lung cancer. Our previously study showed that E6 and E7 in HPV16 upregulated the expression of GLUT1 in lung cancer cells. However, whether they can promote the glucose uptake by GLUT1 and the underlying molecular mechanism has not been identified. It has been reported that thioredoxin interacting protein (TXNIP) regulates both the expression of GLUT1 and its glucose uptake. We speculate that high risk HPV16 infection may be closely related to TXNIP expression. Therefore, we associate HPV16 with TXNIP to explore the potential molecular mechanism of their regulation of GLUT1 expression and glucose uptake. Using double directional genetic manipulation in lung cancer cells, we showed that HPV16 E6/E7 proteins downregulated the expression of p-PTEN in lung cancer cells, the knockdown of PTEN further inhibited the expression of TXNIP, the inhibition of TXNIP further promoted the accumulation of HIF-1α by inhibiting the translocation of nuclear HIF-1α to the cytoplasm, and subsequently upregulated the expression of GLUT1 at the protein and mRNA levels. More interestingly, we found that the knockdown of TXNIP played a decisive role to promote the glucose uptake by GLUT1. Together, these findings suggested that the PTEN-TXNIP-HIF-1α axis might be related to the E6/E7-mediated expression of GLUT1 and its glucose uptake.

11.
Transl Psychiatry ; 10(1): 423, 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33293506

RESUMO

Deficits in the clearance of amyloid ß-protein (Aß) play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD). The roles of blood monocytes in the development of AD remain unclear. In this study, we sought to investigate the alterations in the Aß phagocytosis function of peripheral monocytes during ageing and in AD patients. A total of 104 cognitively normal participants aged 22-89 years, 24 AD patients, 25 age- and sex-matched cognitively normal (CN) subjects, 15 Parkinson's disease patients (PD), and 15 age- and sex-matched CN subjects were recruited. The Aß uptake by blood monocytes was measured and its alteration during ageing and in AD patients were investigated. Aß1-42 uptake by monocytes decreased during ageing and further decreased in AD but not in PD patients. Aß1-42 uptake by monocytes was associated with Aß1-42 levels in the blood. Among the Aß uptake-related receptors and enzymes, the expression of Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) was reduced in monocytes from AD patients. Our findings suggest that monocytes regulate the blood levels of Aß and might be involved in the development of AD. The recovery of the Aß uptake function by blood monocytes represents a potential therapeutic strategy for AD.

12.
J Org Chem ; 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33295780

RESUMO

Recent experimental work reported that visible-light photoredox catalysis coupled with primary sulfonamides and electron-deficient alkenes could efficiently construct C-C bonds at the α-position of primary amine derivatives under mild conditions. Here, a systematic study was conducted to explore the non-negligible excited-state single-electron-transfer (SET) processes and the catalytic cycle. Hydrogen atom transfer (HAT) catalysis containing different site-selective functionalization, involved as a critical process during the reaction, was computationally characterized. The superiorities of iridium-based photoredox catalysts in terms of photoabsorption properties, phosphorescence rates, and electron-transfer rates for SET processes were focused on. In addition, the function of quinuclidine in the entire photocatalytic reaction was also probed. These intrinsic properties and detailed insights into the mechanism are supposed to be helpful to the understanding of the C-C bond functionalization reaction and the future application of the iridium-based photoredox catalyst.

13.
Pregnancy Hypertens ; 23: 73-78, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33264706

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) regulates water-salt balance and blood pressure by promoting renal sodium and water excretion. OBJECTIVE: Our study was to investigate plasma N-terminal pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (NT-proANP) and corin in hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) patients. Furthermore, the relationship between corin/NT-proANP and neonatal adverse prognosis were evaluated. METHODS: Seventy-seven HDP patients and forty-eight normotensive women as control group were recruited. Clinical characteristic and plasma were collected. Plasma NT-proANP and corin were determined by ELISA. Gestational age, neonatal weight and APGAR scores were recorded. Statistical analysis was conducted. RESULTS: NT-proANP and corin were significantly increased in HDP group compared with that of control (P < 0.05). NT-proANP and corin were significantly elevated in HDP patients who suffered from premature delivery (P < 0.05). Both NT-proANP and corin were negatively associated with delivery time, neonatal weight and APGAR scores in HDP group. Multiple regressions demonstrated that NT-proANP and corin were independent risk factor of delivery time, neonatal weight and APGAR scores. CONCLUSIONS: Plasma NT-proANP and corin were significantly increased in HDP. NT-proANP and corin were associated with neonatal adverse events in HDP patients. Thus, NT-proANP and corin may become new biomarkers for evaluating severity of pregnancy and neonatal adverse events in HDP patients.

14.
J Virol ; 2020 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33268516

RESUMO

African swine fever virus (ASFV) is a complex nucleocytoplasmic large DNA virus (NCLDV) that causes a devastating swine disease and it is urgently needed to develop effective anti-ASFV vaccines and drugs. The process of mRNA 5'-end capping is a common characteristic in eukaryotes and many viruses, and the cap structure is required for mRNA stability and efficient translation. The ASFV protein pNP868R was found to have guanylyltransferase (GTase) activity involved in mRNA capping. Here we report the crystal structure of pNP868R methyltransferase (MTase) domain (referred as pNP868RMT) in complex with S-adenosyl-L-methionine (AdoMet). The structure shows the characteristic core fold of the class I MTase family and the AdoMet is bound in a negative-deep groove. Remarkably, the N-terminal extension of pNP868RMT is ordered and keeps away from the AdoMet-binding site, distinct from the close conformation over the active site of poxvirus RNA capping D1 subunit or the largely disordered conformation in most cellular RNA capping MTases. Structure-based mutagenesis studies based on the pNP868RMT-cap analog complex model revealed essential residues involved in substrate recognition and binding. Functional studies suggest the N-terminal extension may play an essential role in substrate recognition instead of AdoMet-binding. A positively charged path stretching from the N-terminal extension to the region around the active site was suggested to provide a favorable electrostatic environment for the binding and approaching of substrate RNA into the active site. Our structure and biochemical studies provide novel insights into the methyltransfer process of mRNA cap catalyzed by pNP868R.IMPORTANCE African swine fever (ASF) is a highly contagious hemorrhagic viral disease in pigs that is caused by African swine fever virus (ASFV). There are no effective drugs or vaccines for protection against ASFV infection till now. The protein pNP868R was predicted to be responsible for process of mRNA 5'-end capping in ASFV, which is essential for mRNA stability and efficient translation. Here, we solved the high-resolution crystal structure of the methyltransferase (MTase) domain of pNP868R. The MTase domain structure shows a canonical class I MTase family fold and the AdoMet binds into a negative pocket. Structure-based mutagenesis studies revealed critical and conserved residues involved in AdoMet-binding and substrate RNA-binding. Notably, both the conformation and the role in MTase activities of the N-terminal extension are distinct from those of previously characterized poxvirus MTase domain. Our structure-function studies provide the basis for potential anti-ASFV inhibitor design targeting the critical enzyme.

15.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(11): 1037-41, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33269854

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of local application of tranexamic acid (TXA) in reducing perioperative blood loss in total hip arthroplasty via direct anterior approach (DAA). METHODS: From July 2013 to September 2018, 46 patients with avascular necrosis of the femoral head were divided into tranexamic acid group (n=23) and saline group (n=23). In the tranexamic acid group, there were 14 males and 9 females, aged 52 to 72(63.70±5.34) years old. They were diluted with 3 g tranexamic acid in 50 ml normal saline and immersed in the joint cavity for 3 min after prosthesis replacement;in the normal saline group, there were 13 males and 10 females, aged 55 to 73 (61.26±5.78) years, who were treated with the sameamount of normal saline. The blood loss, hemoglobin value, number of blood transfusion cases, the time of first landing after operation, the incidence of thrombosis and incision adverse events were compared between the two groups. Harris score was used to evaluate hip joint function at 1 and 3 months after operation. RESULTS: The incision healed well and no obvious complications occurred in the two groups. All patients were followed up for 12 to 59 months(averaged 31.11 months). No hip pain was found in the follow-up patients. Hip joint function was improved effectively and no prosthesis loosening occurred. The total perioperative blood loss in tranexamic acid group and normal saline group was(740.09±77.14) ml and (1 069.07±113.53) ml respectively, 24 hours after operation, the drainage volume was (87.61±9.28) ml, (233.83±25.62) ml, the hidden blood loss was (409.65±38.01) ml and (588.33±57.16) ml. the difference of hemoglobin before and after operation was (24.78±2.19) g / L and (33.57±2.95) g / L, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in blood loss, incidence of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, and Harris score of hip joint between the two groups (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: local application of tranexamic acid in total hip arthroplasty through direct anterior approach can safely and effectively reduce perioperative blood loss, and does not increase the risk of thrombosis, and does not affect the normal recovery of joint function.

16.
J Biochem Mol Toxicol ; : e22680, 2020 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33325628

RESUMO

Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), a microbial carcinogen of Gram-negative bacteria, has been recognized to be the highest risk factor for the growth of human gastric cancer (GC). Therefore, the inhibition of the growth rate of H. pylori has been considered an effective vital strategy to prevent GC development. This study highlights the inhibitory effect of vicenin-2 against H. pylori-induced gastric carcinogen signaling in human gastric epithelial cells (GES-1). In vitro cytotoxicity studies reported that 40 µM of vicenin-2  remarkably protects the gastric cells and this concentration shows 85% cell viability also does not produce toxicity. In addition, vicenin-2 prevents H. pylori-infected increased depletion of antioxidants mediated by reactive oxygen species generation, DNA damage, malondialdehyde, and nuclear fragmentation. Here, we noticed that vicenin-2 remarkably suppressed the expression range of the phosphorylated form of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B, phosphorylated p38 kinases, phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1, phosphorylated c-Jun N-terminal kinase, tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6, cyclooxygenase-2 in GES-1 infected with H. pylori. Moreover, we observed that vicenin-2 enhanced the antioxidants protein nuclear factor erythroid factor-2 and phosphatase and tensin homolog expression in H. pylori-infected cells. Thus, vicenin-2 prevents the H. pylori-associated infection, and its resistance might be a potential strategy in preventing GC induced by H. pylori.

17.
J Integr Med ; 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33308987

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study tests whether long-term intake of Allium tuberosum (AT) can alleviate pulmonary inflammation in ovalbumin (OVA)-induced asthmatic mice and evaluates its effect on the intestinal microbiota and innate lymphoid cells (ILCs). METHODS: BALB/c mice were divided into three groups: phosphate buffer saline, OVA and OVA + AT. The asthmatic murine model was established by sensitization and challenge of OVA in the OVA and OVA + AT groups. AT was given to the OVA + AT group by oral gavage from day 0 to day 27. On day 28, mice were sacrificed. Histopathological evaluation of lung tissue was performed using hematoxylin and eosin, and periodic acid-Schiff staining. The levels of IgE in serum, interleukin-5 (IL-5) and IL-13 from bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The ILCs from the lung and gut were detected by flow cytometry. 16S ribosomal DNA sequencing was used to analyze the differences in colon microbiota among treatment groups. RESULTS: We found that long-term intake of AT decreased the number of inflammatory cells from BALF, reduced the levels of IL-5 and IL-13 in BALF, and IgE level in serum, and rescued pulmonary histopathology with less mucus secretion in asthmatic mice. 16S ribosomal DNA sequencing results showed that AT strongly affected the colonic bacteria community structure in asthmatic mice, although it had no significant effect on the abundance and diversity of the microbiota. Ruminococcaceae and Desulfovibrionaceae were identified as two biomarkers of the treatment effect of AT. Moreover, AT decreased the numbers of ILCs in both the lung and gut of asthmatic mice. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that AT inhibits pulmonary inflammation, possibly by impeding the activation of ILCs and adjusting the homeostasis of gut microbiota in asthmatic mice.

18.
Cell Stem Cell ; 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33357405

RESUMO

Telomeres play vital roles in ensuring chromosome stability and are thus closely linked with the onset of aging and human disease. Telomeres undergo extensive lengthening during early embryogenesis. However, the detailed molecular mechanism of telomere resetting in early embryos remains unknown. Here, we show that Dcaf11 (Ddb1- and Cul4-associated factor 11) participates in telomere elongation in early embryos and 2-cell-like embryonic stem cells (ESCs). The deletion of Dcaf11 in embryos and ESCs leads to reduced telomere sister-chromatid exchange (T-SCE) and impairs telomere lengthening. Importantly, Dcaf11-deficient mice exhibit gradual telomere erosion with successive generations, and hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) activity is also greatly compromised. Mechanistically, Dcaf11 targets Kap1 (KRAB-associated protein 1) for ubiquitination-mediated degradation, leading to the activation of Zscan4 downstream enhancer and the removal of heterochromatic H3K9me3 at telomere/subtelomere regions. Our study therefore demonstrates that Dcaf11 plays important roles in telomere elongation in early embryos and ESCs through activating Zscan4.

19.
J Org Chem ; 2020 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33370121

RESUMO

Metal N-heterocyclic carbene complexes (NHC-M) have been recognized as an important class of organometallic catalysts. Herein, we demonstrate that different NHC-M (M = Au and Pd) species can be simultaneously introduced into a single metal organic framework (MOF) by direct assembly of NHC-M-decorated ligands and metal ions under solvothermal conditions. The obtained UiO-67-Au/Pd-NHBC MOF with different organometallic NHC-M species can be a highly reusable dual catalyst to sequentially promote alkyne hydration-Suzuki coupling reaction. The potential utility of this strategy is highlighted by the preparation of many more new multicatalysts of this type for various organic transformations in a sequential way.

20.
Pharmacol Res ; : 105286, 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33157234

RESUMO

Alcohol consumption is one of the risk factors for kidney injury. The underlying mechanism of alcohol-induced kidney injury remains largely unknown. We previously found that the kidney in a mouse model of alcoholic kidney injury had severe inflammation. In this study, we found that the administration of alcohol was associated with the activation of NLRP3 inflammasomes and NF-κB signaling, and the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Whole-genome methylation sequencing (WGBS) showed that the DNA encoding fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO) was significantly methylated in the alcoholic kidney. This finding was confirmed with the bisulfite sequencing (BSP), which showed that alcohol increased DNA methylation of FTO in the kidney. Furthermore, inhibition of DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) by 5-azacytidine (5-aza) reversed alcohol-induced kidney injury and decreased the mRNA and protein levels of FTO. Importantly, we found that FTO, the m6A demethylase, epigenetically modified peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-α (PPAR-α) in a YTH domain family 2 (YTHDF2)-dependent manner, which resulted in inflammation in alcoholic kidney injury models. In conclusion, our findings indicate that alcohol increases the methylation of PPAR-α m6A by FTO-mediated YTHDF2 epigenetic modification, which ultimately leads to the activation of NLRP3 inflammasomes and NF-κB-driven renal inflammation in the kidney. These findings may provide novel strategies for preventing and treating alcoholic kidney diseases.

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