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1.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 17(1): 330, 2022 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35761314

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Managing periprosthetic joint infections are variable in practices. Debridement, antibiotics, and implant retention (DAIR) is one of the favorable interventions. Given that the success rate of the two-stage revision total knee arthroplasty (rTKA) might be overestimated. The purpose of this study is to compare the success rate between DAIR and standard two-stage rTKA with a comparable intervention time. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the consecutive knee periprosthetic joint infection cases which underwent DAIR or two-stage rTKA (all procedures were performed by the senior author) within 12 weeks since their primary TKA between July 2009 and October 2019. Average follow-up was 72.20 ± 40.70 months (range 29-148 months) in the DAIR group compared to 89.14 ± 43.06 months after spacer insertion (range 29-163 months) in the two-stage revision group (P = 0.156). According to different interventions, demographic data; timing of surgical intervention; hospital for special surgery knee score; and success rate were collected and compared between the DAIR group and two-stage revision group. Failure of treatment was based on the Delphi consensus and the fate of spacers. The pathogen types and failure cases were also recorded and analyzed. RESULTS: Average follow-up was 72.20 ± 40.70 months (range 29-148 months) in the DAIR group compared to 89.14 ± 43.06 months after spacer insertion (range 29-163 months) in the two-stage revision group. Time from index surgery was 3.90 ± 2.92 weeks (range 0-12 weeks) in the DAIR group, and 5.11 ± 2.86 weeks (range 0-12 weeks) in the 2-stage exchange group, respectively. The success rate was 70.0% and 75.0% in the DAIR group and two-stage revision group, respectively. But no significant differences were observed between the two groups. CONCLUSION: DAIR demonstrated comparable effectiveness with two-stage rTKA. We recommended DAIR as a choice for patients with current infection within 12 weeks after primary TKA. For methicillin-resistant staphylococcal infections and fungal infections, two-stage rTKA might be preferred.

2.
J Crit Care ; 71: 154076, 2022 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35716651

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the clinicopathological features and analyze the relevant risk factors and short-term renal outcomes of acute tubular injury (ATI) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 83 patients with biopsy-proven ATI were included in this retrospective cohort study. Clinical characteristic and histological feature data were collected, and renal recovery at 1 month postbiopsy was recorded. RESULTS: The severity of renal dysfunction, percentage of acute tubular lesions, interstitial inflammation and fibrosis of oliguric ATI patients were all significantly higher than those of nonoliguric patients. In the subgroup analysis of the oliguric patients, the serum creatinine and urinary microalbumin levels, severity of epithelial cell degeneration and cast formation of patients in the polyuric phase at biopsy were significantly lower than those of patients in the oliguric phase. A total of 59 patients had 1-month follow-up records, and complete renal recovery was observed in 42 patients. In the multivariate analysis, the total acute tubular injury area at biopsy was the most important independent risk factor for poor renal outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Oliguric ATI patients had severe clinicopathological conditions. The severity of tubular lesions seriously influenced renal function recovery, demonstrating the importance of renal biopsy in assessing the prognosis of patients with kidney disease.

3.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 878263, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35734262

RESUMO

Most plants of Ligusticum have an important medicinal and economic value with a long history, Ligusticum sinense and L. jeholense ("Gaoben") has long been used in traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of carminative, dispelling cold, dehumidification, and analgesia. While in the market Conioselinum vaginatum (Xinjiang Gaoben) is substitution for Gaoben, and occupies a higher market share. These three Gaoben-related medicinal materials are similar in morphology, and are difficult to distinguish from each other by the commonly used DNA barcodes. The chloroplast genome has been widely used for molecular markers, evolutionary biology, and barcoding identification. In this study, the complete chloroplast genome sequences of C. vaginatum, L. sinense, and L. jeholense were reported. The results showed that the complete chloroplast genomes of these three species have typical quadripartite structures, which were comprised of 148,664, 148,539, and 148,497 bp. A total of 114 genes were identified, including 81 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 29 tRNA genes, and four rRNA genes. Our study indicated that highly variable region ycf2-trnL and accD-ycf4 that can be used as specific DNA barcodes to distinguish and identify C. vaginatum, L. sinense, and L. jeholense. In addition, phylogenetic study showed that C. vaginatum nested in Ligusticum and as a sister group of L. sinense and L. jeholense, which suggested these two genera are both in need of revision. This study offer valuable information for future research in the identification of Gaoben-related medicinal materials and will benefit for further phylogenetic study of Apiaceae.

4.
JMIR Form Res ; 6(6): e36914, 2022 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35737451

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pedigree data (family history) are indispensable for genetics studies and the assessment of individuals' disease susceptibility. With the popularity of genetics testing, the collection of pedigree data is becoming more common. However, it can be time-consuming, laborious, and tedious for clinicians to investigate all pedigree data for each patient. A self-service robot could inquire about patients' family history in place of professional clinicians or genetic counselors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a mobile-based and self-service tool to collect and visualize pedigree data, not only for professionals but also for those who know little about genetics. METHODS: There are 4 main aspects in the iPed construction, including interface building, data processing, data storage, and data visualization. The user interface was built using HTML, JavaScript libraries, and Cascading Style Sheets (version 3; Daniel Eden). Processing of the submitted data is carried out by PHP programming language. MySQL is used to document and manage the pedigree data. PHP calls the R script to accomplish the visualization. RESULTS: iPed is freely available to all users through the iPed website. No software is required to be installed, no pedigree files need to be prepared, and no knowledge of genetics or programs is required. The users can easily complete their pedigree data collection and visualization on their own and through a dialogue with iPed. Meanwhile, iPed provides a database that stores all users' information. Therefore, when the users need to construct new pedigree trees for other genetic traits or modify the pedigree trees that have already been created, unnecessary duplication of operations can be avoided. CONCLUSIONS: iPed is a mobile-based and self-service tool that could be used by both professionals and nonprofessionals at any time and from any place. It reduces the amount of time required to collect, manage, and visualize pedigree data.

5.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(12)2022 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35745437

RESUMO

In this paper, the novel morphology of cellulose nanofibers (CNFs) with a unique tree-branched structure was discovered by using acid hydrolysis assisted with pre-disintegration treatment from wood pulps. For comparison, the pulps derived from both softwood and hardwood were utilized to extract nanocellulose in order to validate the feasibility of proposed material fabrication technique. The morphology, crystalline structures, chemical structures, and thermal stability of nanocellulose were characterized by means of transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), as well as thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Prior to acid hydrolysis, softwood and hardwood pulps underwent the disintegration treatment in the fiber dissociator. It has been found that nanocellulose derived from disintegrated pulps possesses much longer fiber length (approximately 5-6 µm) and more evident tree-branched structures along with lower degree of crystallinity when compared with those untreated counterparts. The maximum mass loss rate of CNFs takes place at the temperature level of approximately 225 °C, and appears to be higher than that of cellulose nanowhiskers (CNWs), which might be attributed to an induced impact of amorphous content. On the other hand, disintegration treatment is quite beneficial to the enhancement of tensile strength of nanocellulose films. This study elaborates a new route of material fabrication toward the development of well-tailored tree-branched CNFs in order to broaden the potential widespread applications of nanocellulose with diverse morphological structures.

6.
Kidney Int ; 2022 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35752325

RESUMO

The novel biomarker, insulin-like growth factor binding protein 7 (IGFBP7), is used clinically to predict different types of acute kidney injury (AKI) and has drawn significant attention as a urinary biomarker. However, as a secreted protein in the circulation of patients with AKI, it is unclear whether IGFBP7 acts as a key regulator in AKI progression, and if mechanisms underlying its upregulation still need to be determined. Here we found that IGFBP7 is highly expressed in the blood and urine of patients and mice with AKI possibly via a c-Jun-dependent mechanism, and is positively correlated with kidney dysfunction. Global knockout of IGFBP7 ameliorated kidney dysfunction, inflammatory responses, and programmed cell death in murine models of cisplatin-, kidney ischemia/reperfusion-, and lipopolysaccharide-induced AKI. IGFBP7 mainly originated from kidney tubular epithelial cells. Conditional knockout of IGFBP7 from the kidney protected against AKI. By contrast, rescue of IGFBP7 expression in IGFBP7-knockout mice restored kidney damage and inflammation. IGFBP7 function was determined in vitro using recombinant IGFBP7 protein, IGFBP7 knockdown, or overexpression. Additionally, IGFBP7 was found to bind to poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase 1 (PARP1) and inhibit its degradation by antagonizing the E3 ubiquitin ligase ring finger protein 4 (RNF4). Thus, IGFBP7 in circulation acts as a biomarker and key mediator of AKI by inhibiting RNF4/PARP1-mediated tubular injury and inflammation. Hence, over-activation of the IGFBP7/PARP1 axis represents a promising target for AKI treatment.

7.
BMJ Open ; 12(6): e056803, 2022 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35667716

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To provide a route map regarding systematic reviews (SRs) of acupuncture therapies that will meet two goals: (1) to identify areas in which more or better evidence is required and (2) to identify acupuncture applications that, although proven effective, remain underused in practice, and thus warrant more effective knowledge dissemination. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: We included SRs that conducted meta-analyses (MAs) of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) for this overview. INFORMATION SOURCES: We searched for SRs without language restrictions from January 2015 to November 2020 in four Chinese electronic databases and Epistemonikos database. And we also searched for newly published RCTs that were eligible for selected best SRs in PubMed, Medline, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Embase and four Chinese electronic databases from its lasted search dates to November 2020. SYNTHESIS OF RESULTS: We reanalysed the selected MAs if new primary studies were added. We used random-effect model to calculate the overall effect. RESULTS: Our search identified 120 SRs published in the last 5 years addressing acupuncture therapies across 12 therapeutic areas and 77 diseases and conditions. The SRs included 205 outcomes and involved 138 995 participants from 1402 RCTs. We constructed 77 evidence matrices, including 120 SRs and their included RCTs in the Epistemonikos database. Seventy-seven SRs represented the effect estimate of acupuncture therapies. Finally, we system summarised the areas of possible underutilisation of acupuncture therapies (high or moderate certainty evidence of large or moderate effects), and the areas of warranting additional investigation of acupuncture therapies (low or very low certainty evidence of moderate or large effects). CONCLUSION: The evidence maps and overview of SRs on acupuncture therapies identified both therapies with substantial benefits that may require more assertive evidence dissemination and promising acupuncture therapies that require further investigation.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Humanos , Relatório de Pesquisa , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
8.
Transl Psychiatry ; 12(1): 252, 2022 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35710549

RESUMO

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers are essential for the accurate diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), yet their measurement levels vary widely across centers and regions, leaving no uniform cutoff values to date. Diagnostic cutoff values of CSF biomarkers for AD are lacking for the Chinese population. As a member of the Alzheimer's Association Quality Control program for CSF biomarkers, we aimed to establish diagnostic models based on CSF biomarkers and risk factors for AD in a Chinese cohort. A total of 64 AD dementia patients and 105 age- and sex-matched cognitively normal (CN) controls from the Chongqing Ageing & Dementia Study cohort were included. CSF Aß42, P-tau181, and T-tau levels were measured by ELISA. Combined biomarker models and integrative models with demographic characteristics were established by logistic regression. The cutoff values to distinguish AD from CN were 933 pg/mL for Aß42, 48.7 pg/mL for P-tau181 and 313 pg/mL for T-tau. The AN model, including Aß42 and T-tau, had a higher diagnostic accuracy of 89.9%. Integrating age and APOE ε4 status to AN model (the ANA'E model) increased the diagnostic accuracy to 90.5% and improved the model performance. This study established cutoff values of CSF biomarkers and optimal combined models for AD diagnosis in a Chinese cohort.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Envelhecimento , Doença de Alzheimer/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Biomarcadores/líquido cefalorraquidiano , China , Humanos , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Proteínas tau/líquido cefalorraquidiano
9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(11): 2890-2898, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35718509

RESUMO

The active components, mainly derived from secondary metabolites of medicinal plants, are the material basis for the efficacy of medicinal plants. Lignans, the secondary metabolites in plants with high bioactivity, are widely distributed in a variety of plant species, and their antiviral, antitumor, antibacterial, and antioxidant activities have been proved in clinical practice. Generally, lignans are diverse in structures with many chiral centers, and most of them are optically active. The biosynthesis of lignans depends on the oxidative coupling reaction through site selection and stereo selection, which impedes synthesized lignans to form racemates, but makes them in a three-dimensional configuration. Dirigent protein(DIR) plays an important role in guiding location selection and stereo selection of lignans in biosynthesis. In vitro studies on lignan biosynthesis have shown that racemic end products are obtained in the absence of DIR proteins, while the products in a three-dimensional configuration can be yielded in the presence of DIR proteins, indicating that DIR proteins play an asymmetric role in the biosynthesis of plant secondary metabolites. The present study reviewed the biolo-gical significance of DIR protein, the cloning of DIR gene, gene structure, catalytic mechanism, and the research progress in Isatis indigotica, Eucommia ulmoides, Forsythia suspensa, Salvia miltiorrhiza, Panax pseudoginseng var. notoginseng, and Schisandra chinensis, which provides a reference for the follow-up research of DIR gene.


Assuntos
Forsythia , Isatis , Lignanas , Plantas Medicinais , Schisandra , Lignanas/química , Plantas Medicinais/genética , Schisandra/química
10.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e24495, 2022 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35657140

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: After encountering COVID-19 patients who test positive again after discharge, our study analyzed the pathogenesis to further assess the risk and possibility of virus reactivation. METHODS: A separate microarray was acquired from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), and its samples were divided into two groups: a "convalescent-RTP" group consisting of convalescent and "retesting positive" (RTP) patients (group CR) and a "healthy-RTP" group consisting of healthy control and RTP patients (group HR). The enrichment analysis was performed with R software, obtaining the Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG). Subsequently, the protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks of each group were established, and the hub genes were discovered using the cytoHubba plugin. RESULTS: In this study, 6622 differentially expressed genes were identified in the group CR, among which RAB11B-AS1, DISP1, MICAL3, PSMG1, and DOCK4 were up-regulated genes, and ANAPC1, IGLV1-40, SORT1, PLPPR2, and ATP1A1-AS1 were down-regulated. 7335 genes were screened in the group HR, including the top 5 up-regulated genes ALKBH6, AMBRA1, MIR1249, TRAV18, and LRRC69, and the top 5 down-regulated genes FAM241B, AC018529.3, AL031963.3, AC006946.1, and FAM149B1. The GO and KEGG analysis of the two groups revealed a significant enrichment in immune response and apoptosis. In the PPI network constructed, group CR and group HR identified 10 genes, respectively, and TP53BP1, SNRPD1, and SNRPD2 were selected as hub genes. CONCLUSIONS: Using the messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) expression data from GSE166253, we found TP53BP1, SNRPD1, and SNRPD2 as hub genes in RTP patients, which is vital to the management and prognostic prediction of RTP patients.

11.
Chemosphere ; : 135179, 2022 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35660051

RESUMO

Drug delivery of antibiotics with magnetic nanoparticles improved by coating metals such as gold and silver has recently been studied. This work describe a simple method to synthesize modified magnetic nanoparticles which have high ability to modify the customary formulation of antibiotics such as sulfamethoxazole (SMX) and pursuant study of adsorption-desorption (release) of this drug. These synthesized nanoparticles were characterized by different methods, including field emission scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and mapping, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, vibrating-sample magnetometry, thermogravimetric analysis and zeta potential test. Present assay showed a well correlation with the introduced carrier for the drug. Also the hypothesis were proved by some adsorption isotherm models and drug kinetics studies of carriers with different drug release kinetics models. This study confirmed the adsorption isotherm models and kinetics of drug sorbate are Temkin and Pseudo-First-Order Lagergren models, respectively; the kinetics of drug release from this carrier is based on Zero-Order model. The values of MIC in antibacterial test for pure SMX and SMX conjugated nanoparticles against Escherichia coli were calculated to be 14 and 2.5 µg/mL, respectively, and these values against Staphylococcus aureus were 24 and 1.25 µg/mL, respectively.

12.
Neurosci Bull ; 2022 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35570231

RESUMO

Increased neuronal apoptosis is an important pathological feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The Bcl-2-interacting mediator of cell death (Bim) mediates amyloid-beta (Aß)-induced neuronal apoptosis. Naturally-occurring antibodies against Bim (NAbs-Bim) exist in human blood, with their levels and functions unknown in AD. In this study, we found that circulating NAbs-Bim were decreased in AD patients. Plasma levels of NAbs-Bim were negatively associated with brain amyloid burden and positively associated with cognitive functions. Furthermore, NAbs-Bim purified from intravenous immunoglobulin rescued the behavioral deficits and ameliorated Aß deposition, tau hyperphosphorylation, microgliosis, and neuronal apoptosis in APP/PS1 mice. In vitro investigations demonstrated that NAbs-Bim were neuroprotective against AD through neutralizing Bim-directed neuronal apoptosis and the amyloidogenic processing of amyloid precursor protein. These findings indicate that the decrease of NAbs-Bim might contribute to the pathogenesis of AD and immunotherapies targeting Bim hold promise for the treatment of AD.

13.
Front Nutr ; 9: 803440, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35600826

RESUMO

Insoluble dietary fiber (IDF) were isolated from wheat bran (WB) after microbial fermentation with single or mixed strain [Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Bacillus subtilis or mixed lactic acid bacteria (L. plantarum and L. acidophilus with ration of 1:1)]. Structure, physicochemical, functional properties, and antioxidant activity of the wheat bran insoluble dietary fiber (W-IDF) modified by fermentation were studied. Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis suggested the successful modification of W-IDF. After fermentation with L. plantarum and mixed lactic acid bacteria, the water retention capacity (WRC), oil retention capacity (ORC), and water swelling capacity (WSC) of W-IDF were improved. The sodium cholate adsorption capacity (SCAC), and cation exchange capacity (CEC) of W-IDF modified with L. acidophilus fermentation were significantly increased. Although the cholesterol adsorption capacity (CAC) of W-IDF decreased after modification with probiotic fermentation, nitrite ion adsorption capacity (NIAC), and total phenolic content (TPC) were enhanced. Additionally, W-IDF modified by fermentation with B. subtilis or mixed lactic acid bacteria exhibited superior antioxidant capacity verified by DPPH, ABTS and total reducing power assays. Results manifested that microbial fermentation is a promising methods to modify the W-IDF to provide high-quality functional IDF for food processing and human health management.

14.
Hear Res ; 420: 108522, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35617925

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The refractory recovery function (RRF) measures the electrically evoked compound action potential (eCAP) in response to a second pulse (probe) after masking by a first pulse (masker). This RRF is usually used to assess the refractory properties of the electrically stimulated auditory nerve (AN) by recording the eCAP amplitude as a function of the masker probe interval. Instead of assessing eCAP amplitudes only, recorded waveforms can also be described as a combination of a short-latency component (S-eCAP) and a long-latency component (L-eCAP). It has been suggested that these two components originate from two different AN fiber populations with differing refractory properties. The main objective of this study was to explore whether the refractory characteristics revealed by S-eCAP, L-eCAP, and the raw eCAP (R-eCAP) differ from each other. For clinical relevance, we compared these refractory properties between children and adults and examined whether they are related to cochlear implant (CI) outcomes. DESIGN: In this retrospective study, the raw RRF (R-RRF) was obtained from 121 Hi-Focus Mid-Scala or 1 J cochlear implant (Advanced Bionics, Valencia, CA) recipients. Each R-eCAP of the R-RRF was split into an S-eCAP and an L-eCAP using deconvolution to produce two new RRFs: S-RRF and L-RRF. The refractory properties were characterized by fitting an exponential decay function with three parameters: the absolute refractory period (T); the saturation level (A); and the speed of recovery from nerve refractoriness (τ), i.e., a measure of the relative refractory period. We compared the parameters of the R-RRF (RT, RA, Rτ) with those obtained from the S-RRF (ST, SA, Sτ) and L-RRF (LT, LA, Lτ) and investigated whether these parameters differed between children and adults. In addition, we examined the associations between these parameters and speech perception in adults with CI. Linear mixed modeling was used for the analyses. RESULTS: We found that TR was significantly longer than ST and LT, and ST was significantly longer than LT. RA was significantly larger than SA and LA, and SA was significantly larger than LA. Also, Sτ was significantly longer in comparison to Rτ and Lτ, but no significant difference was found between Rτ and Lτ. Children presented a significantly larger SA and LA and a shorter RT in comparison to adults. Shorter Sτ was significantly associated with better speech perception in adult CI recipients, but other parameters were not. CONCLUSION: We demonstrated that the two components of the eCAP have different refractory properties and that these also differ from those of the R-eCAP. In comparison with the R-eCAP, the refractory properties derived from the S-eCAP and L-eCAP can reveal additional clinical implications in terms of the refractory difference between children and adults as well as speech performance after implantation. Thus, it is worthwhile considering the two components of the eCAP in the future when assessing the clinical value of the auditory refractory properties.


Assuntos
Implante Coclear , Implantes Cocleares , Potenciais de Ação/fisiologia , Adulto , Criança , Nervo Coclear , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
R Soc Open Sci ; 9(5): 211893, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35582660

RESUMO

In fossil tetrapods, limb bone histology is considered the most reliable tool not only for inferring skeletal maturity-a crucial assessment in palaeobiological and evolutionary studies-but also for evaluating the growth dynamics within the ontogenetic window represented by the primary bone cortex. Due to its complex relationship with bone growth and functional maturation, primary cortical vascularity is an indispensable osteohistological character for reconstructing growth dynamics, especially in the context of various developmental strategies along the precocial-altricial spectrum. Using this concept as our working hypothesis, we developed a new quantitative osteohistological parameter, radial porosity profile (RPP), that captures relative cortical porosity changes in limb bones as trajectories. We built a proof-of-concept RPP dataset on extant birds, then added fossil paravian dinosaurs and performed a set of trajectory-grouping analyses to identify potential RPP categories and evaluate them in the context of our ontogeny-developmental strategy working hypothesis. We found that RPPs, indeed, reflect important developmental features within and across elements, specimens and taxa, supporting their analytical power. Our RPPs also revealed unexpected potential osteohistological correlates of growth and functional development of limb bones. The diverse potential applications of RPPs open up new research directions in the evolution of locomotor ontogeny.

16.
Chin Med ; 17(1): 55, 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35524271

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a highly aggressive subtype of breast cancer that develops resistance to chemotherapy frequently. Autophagy has been reported as a pro-survival response to chemotherapeutic drugs in TNBC, and suppression of autophagy can be a strategy to overcome drug resistance. METHODS: The efficacy of toosendanin (TSN) in blocking autophagy flux was measured by western blot analysis of autophagy markers, and the fluorescent imaging of RFP-GFP-LC3 probe. The co-localization of autophagosomes and lysosomes was analyzed by fluorescent imaging. Then, lysosome function was determined by measuring the lysosomal pH value and the activity of lysosomal hydrolytic proteases. For in vitro study, human triple-negative breast cancer MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-436 cell lines were used for evaluating the anti-proliferative effect. For in vivo study, the RFP-GFP-LC3 MDA-MB-231 xenograft nude mice received intraperitoneal injection of irinotecan (10 mg/kg), TSN (0.5 mg/kg) or a combination, and the autophagy activity and cell apoptosis were determined in tumor tissue. The degree of pathological injury of tissue was evaluated by liver index. RESULTS: The natural autophagy inhibitor TSN, a triterpenoid extracted from Melia toosenda Sieb. et Zucc, potently inhibited late-stage autophagy in TNBC cells. This effect was achieved via elevating lysosome pH rather than blocking the fusion of autophagosomes and lysosomes. We further investigated the effects of TSN on the in vitro and in vivo TNBC models, in combination with chemotherapeutic drug irinotecan (or its active metabolite 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin), a topoisomerase I inhibitor showing therapeutic potential for TNBC. The data showed that TSN blocked 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin (SN-38)/irinotecan-induced protective autophagy, and significantly induced apoptosis in TNBC cells and tumor xenograft models when compared to SN-38/irinotecan alone group.

17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(7): 1913-1920, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35534262

RESUMO

This study explored whether Sagittaria sagittifolia polysaccharides(SSP) activates the nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor2(Nrf2)/heme oxygenase-1(HO-1) signaling pathway to protect against liver damage jointly induced by multiple heavy metals. First, based on the proportion of dietary intake of six heavy metals in rice available in Beijing market, a heavy metal mixture was prepared for inducing mouse liver injury and HepG2 cell injury. Forty male Kunming mice were divided into five groups: control group, model group, glutathione positive control group, and low-and high-dose SSP groups, with eight mice in each group. After 30 days of intragastric administration, the liver injury in mice was observed by HE staining. In the in vitro experiment, MTT assay was conducted to detect the effects of SSP at 0.25, 0.5, 1, and 2 mg·mL~(-1) on HepG2 cell survival at different time points. The content of alanine transaminase(ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase(AST) in the 48-h cell culture fluid was measured using micro-plate cultivation method, followed by the detection of the change in reactive oxygen species(ROS) content by flow cytometry. The mRNA expression levels of Nrf2 and HO-1 in cells were determined by RT-PCR, and their protein expression by Western blot. HE staining results showed that compared with the model group, the SSP administration groups exhibited significantly alleviated inflammatory cell infiltration and fatty infiltration in the liver, with better outcomes observed in the high-dose SSP group. In the in vitro MTT assay, compared with the model group, SSP at four concentrations all significantly increased the cell survival rate, decreased the ALT, AST, and ROS content(P<0.05), and down-regulated Nrf2 and HO-1 mRNA and protein expression(P<0.05). SSP significantly improves inflammatory infiltration in the liver tissue of mice exposed to a variety of heavy metals and corrects the liver fat degeneration, which may be related to its regulation of the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway, reduction of ROS, and alleviation of oxidative damage.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Sagittaria , Animais , Heme Oxigenase-1/genética , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Fígado , Masculino , Metais Pesados/metabolismo , Camundongos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Sagittaria/genética , Sagittaria/metabolismo
18.
Biosci Rep ; 2022 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35543243

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Nees is a medicinal plant that has been traditionally used as an anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial remedy for several conditions. Andrographolide (AG), the active constituent of A. paniculata (Burm.f.) Nees has anti-lipidic and anti-inflammatory properties as well as cardiovascular protective effects. This study aimed to explore the effects of AG on the progression of atherosclerosis and to investigate related mechanisms via network pharmacology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Compound-related information was obtained from the PubChem database. Potential target genes were identified using STITCH, SwissTargetPrediction, BATMAN-TCM, and CTD. Genes involved in atherosclerosis were obtained from DisGeNet and compared to AG target genes to obtain an overlapping set. Protein-protein interactions were determined by STRING. Gene ontology (GO) analysis was performed at WebGestalt, and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment was analysed using Metascape. The final network showing the relationship between compounds, targets, and pathways was constructed using Cytoscape. After that, oxLDL-induced RAW264.7 cells were used to further validate a part of the network pharmacology results. RESULT: 81 potential AG target genes were identified. PPI, GO, and KEGG enrichment revealed genes closely related to tumour progression, lipid transport, inflammation, and related pathways. AG improves the reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) through NF-κB/CEBPB/PPARG signalling in oxLDL-induced RAW264.7 cells. CONCLUSION: We successfully predict AG's potential targets and pathways in atherosclerosis and illustrate the mechanism of action. AG may regulate NF-κB/CEBPB/PPARG signalling to alleviate atherosclerosis.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35579110

RESUMO

The practical progress of lithium-sulfur batteries is hindered by the serious shuttle effect and the slow oxidation-reduction kinetics of polysulfides. Herein, the ZnFe2O4-Ni5P4 Mott-Schottky heterojunction material is prepared to address these issues. Benefitting from a self-generated built-in electric field, ZnFe2O4-Ni5P4 as an efficient bidirectional catalysis regulates the charge distribution at the interface and accelerates electron transfer. Meanwhile, the synergy of the strong adsorption capacity derived from metal oxides and the outstanding catalytic performance that comes from metal phosphides strengthens the adsorption of polysulfides, reduces the energy barrier during the reaction, accelerates the conversion between sulfur species, and further accelerates the reaction kinetics. Hence, the cell with ZnFe2O4-Ni5P4/S harvests a high discharge capacity of 1132.4 mAh g-1 at 0.5C and displays a high Coulombic efficiency of 99.3% after 700 cycles. The ZnFe2O4-Ni5P4/S battery still maintains a capacity of 610.1 mAh g-1 with 84.4% capacity retention after 150 cycles at 0.1C under a high sulfur loading of 3.2 mg cm-2. This work provides a favorable reference and advanced guidance for developing Mott-Schottky heterojunctions in lithium-sulfur batteries.

20.
Materials (Basel) ; 15(9)2022 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35591405

RESUMO

The present study investigates the microstructure and mechanical properties of ultra-low carbon bainitic steel (UCBS) under different cold rolling reductions. When the rolling reduction ratios were increased to 80%, the microstructure was refined, and the lath width of the bainite decreased from 601 nm to 252 nm. The ultimate tensile strength and yield strength increased from 812 MPa and 683 MPa to 1195 MPa and 1150 MPa, respectively, whereas the elongation decreased from 15.9% to 7.9%. In addition, the dislocation density increased from 8.3 × 1013 m-2 to 4.87 × 1014 m-2 and a stronger γ-fiber texture was obtained at the 80% cold rolling reduction ratio. The local stress distribution and kernel average misorientation were not uniform and became more severe with increased rolling reduction ratios. The strength increment of UCBS was primarily due to boundary strengthening and dislocation strengthening. The theoretical strength increment agreed well with the experimental measurements, which can be helpful for the design and production of UCBS for broad engineering applications.

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