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J Rheumatol ; 37(7): 1422-30, 2010 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20516029

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop recommendations for the use of methotrexate (MTX) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: Canadian rheumatologists who participated in the international 3e Initiative in Rheumatology (evidence, expertise, exchange) in 2007-2008 formulated 5 unique Canadian questions. A bibliographic team systematically reviewed the relevant literature on these 5 topics. An expert committee consisting of 26 rheumatologists from across Canada was convened, and a set of recommendations was proposed based on the results of systematic reviews combined with expert opinions using a nominal group consensus process. RESULTS: The 5 questions addressed drug interactions, predictors of response, strategies to reduce non-serious side effects, variables to assess clinical response, and incorporating patient preference into decision-making. The systematic review retrieved 93 pertinent articles; this evidence was presented to the expert committee during the interactive workshop. After extensive discussion and voting, a total of 9 recommendations were formulated: 2 on drug interactions, 1 on predictors of response, 2 on strategies to reduce non-serious side effects, 3 on variables to assess clinical response, and 1 on incorporating patient preferences into decision-making. The level of evidence and the strength of recommendations are reported. Agreement among panelists ranged from 85% to 100%. CONCLUSION: Nine recommendations pertaining to the use of MTX in daily practice were developed using an evidence-based approach followed by expert/physician consensus with high level of agreement.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Canadá , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Doenças Hematológicas/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/enzimologia , Metotrexato/efeitos adversos , Preferência do Paciente , Reumatologia/normas
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