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1.
Chemistry ; 25(69): 15934-15943, 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596978

RESUMO

Alkaline earth metal iodides were used as templates for the synthesis of novel silicon-based ligands. Siloxane moieties were (cross-)coupled and ion-specific, silicon-rich crown ether analogues were obtained. The reaction of 1,2,7,8-tetrasila[12]crown-4 (I) and 1,2-disila[9]crown-3 (II) with MgI2 yielded exclusively [Mg(1,2,7,8-tetrasila[12]crown-4)I2 ] (1). The larger Ca2+ ion was then employed for cross-coupling of I and II and yielded the complex [Ca(1,2,7,8-tetrasila[15]crown-5)I2 ] (2). Cross-coupling of I and 1,2,4,5-tetrasila[9]crown-3 (III) with SrI2 enables the synthesis of the silicon-dominant 1,2,4,5,10,11-hexasila[15]crown-5 ether complex of SrI2 (3). Further, the compounds [Sr(1,2,10,11-tetrasila[18]crown-6)I2 ] (4), [Sr(1,2,13,14-tetrasila[24]crown-8)I2 ] (5), and [Sr(1,2,13,14-tetrasila-dibenzo[24]crown-8)I2 ] (6) were obtained by coupling I, 1,2-disila[12]crown-4 (IV) or 1,2-disila-benzo[12]crown-4 (V), respectively. Using various anions, the (cross-)coupled ligands were also observed in an X-ray structure within the mentioned complexes. These template-assisted (cross-)couplings of various ligands are the first of their kind and a novel method to obtain macrocycles and/or their metal complexes to be established. Further, the Si-O bond activations presented herein might be of importance for silane or even organic functionalization.

2.
Chem Sci ; 10(20): 5211-5217, 2019 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31191876

RESUMO

Selective in situ methylation of terminal chalcogenide ligands of molecular chalcogenido metalate anions in ionothermal reactions with alkylimidazolium-based ionic liquids yields a series of organo-functionalized chalcogenido metalate compounds. We present the syntheses and crystal structures of (C4C1C1Im)4+x [Sn10S16O4(SMe)4][An] x (1a-1f), (dmmpH)6[Mn4Sn4Se13(SeMe)4] (2), and (C n C1Im)6[Hg6Te10(TeMe)2] (3a, 3b). The methylation was confirmed by Raman spectroscopy, and the optical absorption properties of the methylated compounds were determined and compared to purely inorganic analogs.

3.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 57(28): 8770-8774, 2018 07 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29756340

RESUMO

The use of ionic liquids (Cn C1 Im)[BF4 ] with long alkyl chains (n=10, 12) in the ionothermal treatment of Na2 [HgTe2 ] led to lamellar crystal structures with molecular macrocyclic anions [Hg8 Te16 ]8- (1), the heaviest known topological relative of porphyrin. [Hg8 Te16 ]8- differs from porphyrin by the absence of an electronic π-system, which prevents a "global" aromaticity. Quantum chemical studies reveal instead small ring currents in the pyrrole-type five-membered rings that indicate weak local (σ) aromaticity. As a result of their lamellar nature, the compounds are promising candidates for the formation of sheets containing chalcogenidometalate anions.

4.
Inorg Chem ; 57(1): 351-359, 2018 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29232126

RESUMO

Within this study, the synthesis and coordination chemistry of open-chain ligands bearing disila-units is presented. Instead of basic 1:1 complexes, structural diversity was discovered in the variety of ligand and salt. Stable complexes of alkali and alkaline earth metal complexes were obtained by equimolar reactions of different salts with the disila-bridged podands 8,9-disila-EO5 (1) and 11,12-disila-EO7 (2) (EO5 = pentaethylene glycol; EO7 = heptaethylene glycol). The respective alkaline earth metal complexes of the type [Ca(8,9-disila-EO5)(OTf)2] (3), [Sr(8,9-disila-EO5)I2] (5), [Sr(11,12-disila-EO7)I]I (6), and [Ba(11,12-disila-EO7)OTf2] (7) (OTf = CF3SO3-) were characterized via single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses. Within the reaction of the alkali metal salt NaPF6 with 1, the sodium ion acts as a template during the complexation process. Under elimination of one molecule of diethylene glycol, the dinuclear species [Na2(8,9,17,18-tetrasila-EO8)(PF6)2]·EO2 (4) (EO8 = octaethylen glycol, EO2 = diethylene glycol) is obtained, in which the sodium cations are 7-fold coordinated within a disilane-bearing framework. The reaction of 2 with CsOTf failed, leading to recrystallization of anhydrous CsOTf. By means of DFT calculations it was shown that the disila-bearing ligands are burdened with negative hyperconjugation interactions between the silicon and the oxygen atoms, but the coordination by sufficiently hard cations can easily overcompensate the competing polarization. In contrast, soft Lewis acids barely share interactions with silicon-bonded oxygen atoms. All findings are consistent with observations made in solution according to 29Si NMR spectroscopical studies.

5.
Dalton Trans ; 46(27): 8727-8735, 2017 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27901158

RESUMO

Compounds consisting of [M(1,2-disila-[3n]crown-n)]2+ (M = Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba; n = 5, 6) and [Ba(1,2-disila-benzo[18]crown-6)]2+ cations and different anions were obtained by equimolar reaction of the hybrid disila-crown ethers 1,2-disila[15]crown-5 (1), 1,2-disila[18]crown-6 (2) and 1,2-disila-benzo[18]crown-6 (7) with alkaline earth metal salts. Even with strongly coordinating anions such as Br- or I- stable complexes could be obtained, showing the good coordination ability of these ligands. The structures of all coordination compounds were determined via single crystal X-ray diffraction (XRD). By means of DFT calculations, the complexation ability of 1,2-disila[15]crown-5 (1) towards magnesium bromide was determined to be considerably higher compared to [15]crown-5. The opposite case was observed in solution as the exchange of calcium cations between [18]crown-6 and 1,2-disila[18]crown-6 (2) was studied via dynamic proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy.

6.
Inorg Chem ; 55(13): 6725-30, 2016 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27299466

RESUMO

K2Hg6Se7, Na2Hg3S2.51Se1.49, K2Hg3S1.03Se2.97, and K2Hg3S2.69Se1.31 were prepared by ionothermal treatment of K2Hg2Se3, Na2HgSe2, and K2Hg3Se4, respectively, in a nonclassical hydrosulfide ionic liquid (EMIm)(SH). In contrast to their lighter congeners, the title compounds could so far not be synthesized by inorganic polychalcogenide salt flux techniques. The applied method hence mimics polychalcogenide flux conditions, while operating at much lower temperatures below the decomposition temperature of the ionic liquid. It might thus be viewed as a pseudo-flux approach.

7.
Org Lett ; 18(6): 1330-3, 2016 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26943286

RESUMO

A domino process consisting of an inverse and a normal electron-demand Diels-Alder reaction is presented for the formation of bridged tri- and tetracyclic 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalenes catalyzed by a bidentate Lewis acid. The products were synthesized in a one-pot reaction from commercially available starting materials and contain up to six stereogenic centers. The tetrahydronaphthalenes were isolated as single diastereomers and are derivatives of phenylethylamine, which is well-known as a scaffold of amphetamine or dopamine.


Assuntos
Compostos Heterocíclicos de Anel em Ponte/síntese química , Ácidos de Lewis/química , Ftalazinas/química , Tetra-Hidronaftalenos/síntese química , Catálise , Reação de Cicloadição , Compostos Heterocíclicos de Anel em Ponte/química , Estrutura Molecular , Tetra-Hidronaftalenos/química
8.
J Vis Exp ; (118)2016 12 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28060345

RESUMO

The phases of "PbCh2" (Ch = Se, Te) are obtained from solid-state syntheses (i.e., by the fusion of the elements under inert conditions in silica glass ampules). Reduction of such phases by elemental alkaline metals in amines affords crystalline chalcogenidoplumbate(II) salts comprised of [PbTe3]2- or [Pb2Ch3]2- anions, depending upon which sequestering agent for the cations is present: crown ethers, like 18-crown-6, or cryptands, like [2.2.2]crypt. Reactions of solutions of such anions with transition-metal compounds yield (poly-)chalcogenide anions or transition-metal chalcogenide clusters, including one with a µ-PbSe ligand (i.e., the heaviest-known CO homolog). In contrast, the solid-state synthesis of a phase of the nominal composition "K2PbSe2" by successive reactions of the elements and by the subsequent solvothermal treatment in amines yields the first non-oxide/halide inorganic lead(IV) compound: a salt of the ortho-selenidoplumbate(IV) anion [PbSe4]4-. This was unexpected due to the redox potentials of Pb(IV) and Se(-II). Such methods can further be applied to other elemental combinations, leading to the formation of solutions with binary [HgTe2]2- or [BiSe3]3- anions, or to large-scale syntheses of K2Hg2Se3 or K3BiSe3 via the solid-state route. All compounds are characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and elemental analysis; solutions of plumbate salts can be investigated by 205Pb and 77Se or 127Te NMR techniques. Quantum chemical calculations using density functional theory methods enable energy comparisons. They further allow for insights into the electronic configuration and thus, the bonding situation. Molecular Rh-containing Chevrel-type compounds were found to exhibit delocalized mixed valence, whereas similar telluridopalladate anions are electron-precise; the cluster with the µ-PbSe ligand is energetically favored over a hypothetical CO analog, in line with the unsuccessful attempt at its synthesis. The stability of formal Pb(IV) within the [PbSe4]4- anion is mainly due to a suitable stabilization within the crystal lattice.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Síntese em Fase Sólida , Cristalografia por Raios X , Elétrons , Ligantes , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Difração de Raios X
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