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1.
Eur J Sport Sci ; : 1-12, 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33546579

RESUMO

Young athletes must contend with the constraints of elite sports on top of school commitments and the physiological processes associated with adolescence. This study assessed week and weekend sleep and schedule of activities in elite adolescent rugby players during the in-season competitive phase compared with age-matched non-athlete controls. 32 adolescents (GR: 16 elite rugby players, GC: 16 controls) from the same boarding school filled out a daily schedule of activities and a sleep diary, and wore a multichannel electroencephalogram for 14 days. They later filled out questionnaires on their sleep quality, sleepiness, and perceived stress. Both groups showed insufficient sleep duration during the week (<7 h). Only GC caught up on their sleep debt during the weekend (increased TIB, TST and time spent in REM sleep, all p < 0.001). Weekend TIB, TST and, N3 sleep remained similar to that for weekdays in GR. However, GR experienced lower sleep quality (decreased SE, increased WASO, all p < 0.01) and a decrease in REM sleep (p < 0.01). Schedules of activities showed an increase in time spent on overall activities during the weekend, mainly due to competition and sport-specific travel, which resulted in a decrease in sleep opportunity time compared with GC (p < 0.001). Δ sleep opportunity time (weekend-week) was associated with Δ TST (weekend-week), and Δ TST (weekend-week) was associated with sleepiness and perceived stress. Busy schedules during the competitive season decreased sleep opportunity time and prevented elite adolescent rugby players from catching up on their sleep at weekends.HIGHLIGHTS Adolescent rugby players have insufficient sleep during both week and weekend of the in-season competitive phaseCongested schedule prevented elite adolescent rugby players from catching up on their sleep at weekends.Sleep considerations are necessary when planning the weekend sporting schedules.

2.
Haematologica ; 2021 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33440924

RESUMO

Pediatric-onset Evans syndrome (pES) is defined by both immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) and autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) before the age of 18 years. There have been no comprehensive long-term studies of this rare disease, which can be associated to various immunopathological manifestations (IMs). We report outcomes of the 151 patients with pES and more than 5 years of follow-up from the nationwide French prospective OBS'CEREVANCE cohort. Median age at final follow-up was 18.5 (6.8-50.0) years and the median follow-up period was 11.3 (5.1-38.0) years. At 10 years, ITP and AIHA were in sustained complete remission in 54.5% and 78.4% of patients, respectively. The frequency and number of clinical and biological IMs increased with age: at 20 years old, 74% had at least one clinical cIM. A wide range of cIMs occurred, mainly lymphoproliferation, dermatological, gastrointestinal/hepatic and pneumological IMs. The number of cIMs was associated with a subsequent increase in the number of second-line treatments received (other than steroids and immunoglobulins; hazard ratio, 1.4; 95% confidence interval, 1.15-1.60; p = 0.0002, Cox proportional hazards method). Survival at 15 years after diagnosis was 84%. Death occurred at a median age of 18 (1.7-31.5) years, and the most frequent cause was infection. The number of second-line treatments and severe/recurrent infections were independently associated with mortality. In conclusion, longterm outcomes of pES showed remission of cytopenias but frequent IMs linked to high secondline treatment burden. Mortality was associated to drugs and/or underlying immunodeficiencies, and adolescents-young adults are a high-risk subgroup.

3.
Nutrients ; 12(6)2020 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32599773

RESUMO

Disturbed sleep is common in adolescents. Ingested nutrients help regulate the internal clock and influence sleep quality. The purpose of this clinical trial is to assess the effect of protein tryptophan (Trp)/large neutral amino acids (LNAAs) ratio on sleep and circadian rhythm. Ingested Trp is involved in the regulation of the sleep/wake cycle and improvement of sleep quality. Since Trp transport through the blood-brain barrier is competing with LNAAs, protein with higher Trp/LNAAs were expected to increase sleep efficiency. This randomized double-blind controlled trial will enroll two samples of male adolescents predisposed to sleep disturbances: elite rugby players (n = 24) and youths with obesity (n = 24). They will take part randomly in three sessions each held over a week. They will undergo a washout period, when dietary intake will be calibrated (three days), followed by an intervention period (three days), when their diet will be supplemented with three proteins with different Trp/LNAAs ratios. Physical, cognitive, dietary intake, appetite, and sleepiness evaluations will be made on the last day of each session. The primary outcome is sleep efficiency measured through in-home electroencephalogram recordings. Secondary outcomes include sleep staging, circadian phase, and sleep-, food intake-, metabolism-, and inflammation-related biochemical markers. A fuller understanding of the effect of protein Trp/LNAAs ratio on sleep could help in developing nutritional strategies addressing sleep disturbances.

4.
Acta Paediatr ; 2020 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32420673

RESUMO

AIM: To assess muscle function and functional abilities in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). METHODS: Fourteen children with JIA and 14 healthy controls matched for age and sex were included. Muscle characteristics, both structural (thickness, cross-sectional area (CSA) and fascicle angle) and qualitative (intermuscular adipose tissue; IMAT), were assessed in thigh muscles using ultrasound and peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT). Muscle function and functional abilities were determined from the assessment of maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) knee extensors force and vertical jump performance. RESULTS: No significant difference in MVIC force was observed between the two groups. However, squat jump height was significantly reduced in children with JIA (18.3 ± 5.4 vs 24.3 ± 7.9 cm, P < .05). No differences in structural parameters were observed, but IMAT/CSA (0.22 ± 0.02 vs 0.25 ± 0.03; P = .01) was significantly lower in children with JIA than in healthy children. CONCLUSION: Knee extensor muscle architecture and force were comparable between children with and without JIA, but functional abilities (vertical jump performance) were poorer in JIA. The lower IMAT area in JIA could result from a lower physical activity level compared with healthy children.

5.
J Clin Med ; 9(2)2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32092881

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Leukemia is the most common cancer in pediatrics, with many late effects such as higher risk of dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, obesity, and metabolic syndrome. The objective of this work was to investigate substrate oxidation during submaximal exercise in survivors of childhood acute leukemia. METHODS: A total of 20 leukemia survivors and 20 healthy children were matched by sex, age, and Tanner stage. They all took a submaximal incremental exercise test to determine fat and carbohydrate oxidation rates. RESULTS: Cardiorespiratory fitness was significantly lower in leukemia survivors, with lower relative VO2 peaks (p < 0.001), lower heart rate values (p = 0.02), and lower exercise power (p = 0.012), whereas rest metabolism and body mass index did not differ between the two groups. During exercise, upward of heart rate relative to VO2 peak was significantly higher (p < 0.001) in childhood leukemia survivors. We found lower carbohydrate and fat oxidation rates (p = 0.07) in leukemia survivors compared with healthy children, and also a significantly lower relative maximal fat oxidation rate (p = 0.014). CONCLUSION: Despite impaired physical fitness and metabolic response to exercise, childhood leukemia survivors remained sensitive to physical activity interventions, and could readily adapt to submaximal exercise intensity.

6.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 55(8): 1614-1622, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31992846

RESUMO

ELANE neutropenia is associated with myelodysplasia and acute leukemia (MDS-AL), and severe infections. Because the MDS-AL risk has also been shown to be associated with exposure to GCSF, since 2005, in France, patients receiving high daily GCSF doses (>15 µg/kg/day) are eligible for HSCT, in addition to classic indications (MDS-AL or GCSF refractoriness). We analyzed the effect of this policy. Among 144 prospectively followed ELANE-neutropenia patients enrolled in the French Severe Congenital Neutropenia Registry, we defined two groups according to period: "before 2005" for those born before 2005 and followed until 31/12/2004 (1588 person-years); and "after 2005" comprised of those born after 2005 or born before 2005 but followed after 2005 until 31/03/2019 (1327 person-years). Sixteen of our cohort patients underwent HSCT (14 long-term survivors) and six developed MDS-ALs. Six leukemic transformations occurred in the before-2005 group and none after 2005 (respective frequencies 3.8 × 10-3 vs. 0; P < 0.01), while four HSCTs were done before 2005 and 12 since 2005 (respective HSCT rates increased 2.5 × 10-3 vs. 9 × 10-3; P < 0.01). Our results support early HSCT for patients with ELANE mutations who received high GCSF doses, as it might lower the risk of leukemic transformation.

7.
Pediatr Exerc Sci ; 32(1): 23-29, 2020 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31514168

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To examine the effect of drop height on vertical jumping performance in children with respect to sex and maturity status. METHODS: Thirty-seven pre-pubertal, 71 circa-pubertal, and 69 post-pubertal boys and girls performed, in a randomized order, 2 squat jumps, 2 countermovement jumps, and 2 drop jumps (DJ) from heights of 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, and 70 cm. The trial with the best jump height in each test was used for analysis. RESULTS: No significant sex × maturity status × jump type interaction for jump height was observed. However, on average, the children jumped higher in the countermovement jump than in squat jump and DJs (+1.2 and +1.6 cm, P < .001, respectively), with no significant differences between DJs and squat jumps or between DJs when increasing drop heights. Regarding DJs, 59.3% of the participants jumped higher from drop heights of 20 to 40 cm. CONCLUSIONS: Children, independent of sex and maturity status, performed best in the countermovement jump, and no performance gain was obtained by dropping from heights of 20 to 70 cm. During maturation, the use of drop heights between 20 and 40 cm may be considered in plyometric training, but the optimum height must be obtained individually.

8.
Front Public Health ; 8: 487308, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33392123

RESUMO

Objectives: This study aims to assess the validity, internal consistency, implementation, and feasibility of a sequence of tests, the Vitality Test Battery, designed to measure physical fitness, at a large scale in French older adults. Methods: A total of 528 volunteers (age ≥60 years) took the battery of 10 tests: 6-min walk, trunk strength, hand grip strength, medicine ball throwing, 30-s chair stand, flexibility, balance, plate tapping, ruler drop, and dual task. Results: Internal consistency was high, with the Cronbach alpha coefficients at around 0.77, explaining 64% of the variance. The test-retest correlations (0.3-0.6) between the items were acceptable and displayed an internal consistency property. Although five components explained 65% of the variance, all the items were kept because their eigenvalues were near to 0.9. External consistency was validated by a significant decrease in fitness scores (p < 0.001) with age and body mass index. Discussion: The Vitality Test Battery is a safe, valid tool for assessing physical fitness in persons aged over 60 years.

9.
J Clin Immunol ; 39(7): 702-712, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401750

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Patients with primary immunodeficiency (PID) are at risk of serious complications. However, data on the incidence and causes of emergency hospital admissions are scarce. The primary objective of the present study was to describe emergency hospital admissions among patients with PID, with a view to identifying "at-risk" patient profiles. METHODS: We performed a prospective observational 12-month multicenter study in France via the CEREDIH network of regional PID reference centers from November 2010 to October 2011. All patients with PIDs requiring emergency hospital admission were included. RESULTS: A total of 200 admissions concerned 137 patients (73 adults and 64 children, 53% of whom had antibody deficiencies). Thirty admissions were reported for 16 hematopoietic stem cell transplantation recipients. When considering the 170 admissions of non-transplant patients, 149 (85%) were related to acute infections (respiratory tract infections and gastrointestinal tract infections in 72 (36%) and 34 (17%) of cases, respectively). Seventy-seven percent of the admissions occurred during winter or spring (December to May). The in-hospital mortality rate was 8.8% (12 patients); death was related to a severe infection in 11 cases (8%) and Epstein-Barr virus-induced lymphoma in 1 case. Patients with a central venous catheter (n = 19, 13.9%) were significantly more hospitalized for an infection (94.7%) than for a non-infectious reason (5.3%) (p = 0.04). CONCLUSION: Our data showed that the annual incidence of emergency hospital admission among patients with PID is 3.4%. The leading cause of emergency hospital admission was an acute infection, and having a central venous catheter was associated with a significantly greater risk of admission for an infectious episode.


Assuntos
Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Hospitalização , Doenças da Imunodeficiência Primária/epidemiologia , Adulto , Criança , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Doenças Transmissíveis/etiologia , Gerenciamento Clínico , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Profilaxia Pré-Exposição , Doenças da Imunodeficiência Primária/diagnóstico , Doenças da Imunodeficiência Primária/etiologia , Doenças da Imunodeficiência Primária/terapia , Vigilância em Saúde Pública , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Eur J Appl Physiol ; 119(9): 2075-2082, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31346707

RESUMO

The effect of exercise on sleep remains controversial in athletes especially in junior athletes. This study tested the acute effect of additional intense rugby training on sleep, next-day dietary intake, and physical performances in adolescent rugby players compared to a day with regular exercise. 17 male rugby players in the national under-17 category (age: 15.7 ± 1.1 years, height: 1.78 ± 0.1 m, weight: 84.4 ± 13.6 kg, BMI: 26.6 ± 3.8 kg/m2, fat mass: 14.5 ± 3.4%, VO2max Yo-Yo test: 52.1 ± 4.4 mL/min/kg, evening chronotype) took part in this study. The athletes completed two 36-h experimental sessions in random order: a regular exercise program (REP) vs. an intensified exercise program (IEP) at a 1-week interval. Physical activity and sleep data were collected using accelerometers. Performance tests were conducted the next morning after an ad libitum breakfast. Sleep improved during intensive training (TST: + 26 min, SL: - 4%, WASO: - 39%, SE: + 8.5%) with moderate effect size. There was no next-day difference in calorie intake from breakfast, but macronutrient composition shifted toward proteins (regular: 15.4 ± 6.1% vs. intensive: 18.9 ± 7.4%, ES = - 0.650 [- 1.13; - 0.18]). There were no significant differences in Wingate test performance or spatial awareness task time. However, performance in submaximal tests improved. Acute intensified training results in increased sleep duration and quality without disturbing next-day performance or dietary intake in young rugby players.


Assuntos
Desempenho Atlético/fisiologia , Ingestão de Energia/fisiologia , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Futebol Americano/fisiologia , Sono/fisiologia , Adolescente , Atletas , Peso Corporal/fisiologia , Ritmo Circadiano/fisiologia , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Humanos , Masculino
12.
Pediatr Rheumatol Online J ; 17(1): 47, 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31331342

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) have impaired physical abilities. TNF-α plays a crucial role in this pathogenesis, but it is also involved in the use of lipids and muscle health. Objective of this study was to explore substrate oxidation and impact of TNF blockade on energy metabolism in children with JIA as compared to healthy children. METHODS: Fifteen non-TNF-blockaded and 15 TNF-blockaded children with JIA and 15 healthy controls were matched by sex, age, and Tanner stage. Participants completed a submaximal incremental exercise test on ergocycle to determine fat and carbohydrate oxidation rates by indirect calorimetry. RESULTS: The maximal fat oxidation rate during exercise was lower in JIA children untreated by TNF blockade (134.3 ± 45.2 mg.min- 1) when compared to the controls (225.3 ± 92.9 mg.min- 1, p = 0.007); but was higher in JIA children under TNF blockade (163.2 ± 59.0 mg.min- 1, p = 0.31) when compared to JIA children untreated by TNF blockade. At the same relative exercise intensities, there was no difference in carbohydrate oxidation rate between three groups. CONCLUSIONS: Lipid metabolism during exercise was found to be impaired in children with JIA. However, TNF treatment seems to improve the fat oxidation rate in this population. TRIAL REGISTRATION: In ClinicalTrials.gov, reference number NCT02977416 , registered on 30 November 2016.


Assuntos
Artrite Juvenil/metabolismo , Metabolismo dos Carboidratos , Metabolismo Energético , Exercício Físico , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Inibidores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/uso terapêutico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Adolescente , Artrite Juvenil/tratamento farmacológico , Calorimetria Indireta , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Teste de Esforço , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Oxirredução , Consumo de Oxigênio
13.
Blood ; 134(1): 9-21, 2019 07 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30940614

RESUMO

Evans syndrome (ES) is a rare severe autoimmune disorder characterized by the combination of autoimmune hemolytic anemia and immune thrombocytopenia. In most cases, the underlying cause is unknown. We sought to identify genetic defects in pediatric ES (pES), based on a hypothesis of strong genetic determinism. In a national, prospective cohort of 203 patients with early-onset ES (median [range] age at last follow-up: 16.3 years ([1.2-41.0 years]) initiated in 2004, 80 nonselected consecutive individuals underwent genetic testing. The clinical data were analyzed as a function of the genetic findings. Fifty-two patients (65%) received a genetic diagnosis (the M+ group): 49 carried germline mutations and 3 carried somatic variants. Thirty-two (40%) had pathogenic mutations in 1 of 9 genes known to be involved in primary immunodeficiencies (TNFRSF6, CTLA4, STAT3, PIK3CD, CBL, ADAR1, LRBA, RAG1, and KRAS), whereas 20 patients (25%) carried probable pathogenic variants in 16 genes that had not previously been reported in the context of autoimmune disease. Lastly, no genetic abnormalities were found in the remaining 28 patients (35%, the M- group). The M+ group displayed more severe disease than the M- group, with a greater frequency of additional immunopathologic manifestations and a greater median number of lines of treatment. Six patients (all from the M+ group) died during the study. In conclusion, pES was potentially genetically determined in at least 65% of cases. Systematic, wide-ranging genetic screening should be offered in pES; the genetic findings have prognostic significance and may guide the choice of a targeted treatment.


Assuntos
Anemia Hemolítica Autoimune/genética , Anemia Hemolítica Autoimune/imunologia , Trombocitopenia/genética , Trombocitopenia/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Mutação , Adulto Jovem
14.
Thromb Res ; 178: 112-118, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31005667

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Anticoagulant therapy in pediatric patients remains an issue and safer therapies, such as direct oral anticoagulants could overcome the limitations of conventional anticoagulant treatments in this population. Edoxaban, a factor Xa inhibitor, is used for the prevention and treatment of venous thromboembolism. Due to its pharmacokinetic characteristics, edoxaban is a promising candidate molecule for children. This study compared edoxaban in vitro effect in children and adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Blood samples were prospectively collected from 87 adults and 97 children (n = 12: <2 year-old; n = 8: 2-4 year-old; n = 9: 5-7 year-old; n = 14: 8-9 year-old; n = 10: 10-13 year-old; n = 15: 14-15 year-old; and n = 29: 16-18 year-old). Plasma samples were supplemented in vitro with edoxaban to a final concentration of 50, 150 or 300 ng/mL, and then edoxaban effect on prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), fibrinogen (Clauss assay), specific anti-factor Xa activity and thrombin generation assay (TGA) (with 5pM tissue factor and 4 nM phospholipids) was evaluated. RESULTS: PT, aPTT, and specific anti-Xa activity exhibited similar dose-dependent responses to edoxaban in the different age groups. The reduction of thrombin peak, the most edoxaban-sensitive TGA parameter, was similar in adults and children, but for the youngest group (<2 year-old) where the peak value reduction (median [Q1-Q3]) was higher than in adults (51% [44-59] versus 40% [32-46], p < 0.01; 74% [63-80] versus 65% [58-70], p < 0.05; and 84% [73-88] versus 76% [70-80], p < 0.05 for 50, 150 and 300 ng/mL edoxaban, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Edoxaban in vitro effect are comparable in children and adults except in the <2-year-old group.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Inibidores do Fator Xa/uso terapêutico , Plasma/efeitos dos fármacos , Piridinas/uso terapêutico , Tiazóis/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Anticoagulantes/farmacologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Inibidores do Fator Xa/farmacologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Piridinas/farmacologia , Tiazóis/farmacologia
16.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 94(3): 450-60, 2016 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26867874

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Whereas post-radiation therapy overreactions (OR) represent a clinical and societal issue, there is still no consensual radiobiological endpoint to predict clinical radiosensitivity. Since 2003, skin biopsy specimens have been collected from patients treated by radiation therapy against different tumor localizations and showing a wide range of OR. Here, we aimed to establish quantitative links between radiobiological factors and OR severity grades that would be relevant to radioresistant and genetic hyperradiosensitive cases. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Immunofluorescence experiments were performed on a collection of skin fibroblasts from 12 radioresistant, 5 hyperradiosensitive, and 100 OR patients irradiated at 2 Gy. The numbers of micronuclei, γH2AX, and pATM foci that reflect different steps of DNA double-strand breaks (DSB) recognition and repair were assessed from 10 minutes to 24 hours after irradiation and plotted against the severity grades established by the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events and the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group. RESULTS: OR patients did not necessarily show a gross DSB repair defect but a systematic delay in the nucleoshuttling of the ATM protein required for complete DSB recognition. Among the radiobiological factors, the maximal number of pATM foci provided the best discrimination among OR patients and a significant correlation with each OR severity grade, independently of tumor localization and of the early or late nature of reactions. CONCLUSIONS: Our results are consistent with a general classification of human radiosensitivity based on 3 groups: radioresistance (group I); moderate radiosensitivity caused by delay of nucleoshuttling of ATM, which includes OR patients (group II); and hyperradiosensitivity caused by a gross DSB repair defect, which includes fatal cases (group III).


Assuntos
Proteínas Mutadas de Ataxia Telangiectasia/metabolismo , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Quebras de DNA de Cadeia Dupla , Histonas/metabolismo , Lesões por Radiação/classificação , Tolerância a Radiação/fisiologia , Pele/efeitos da radiação , Análise de Variância , Proteínas Mutadas de Ataxia Telangiectasia/genética , Biópsia , Linhagem Celular , Reparo do DNA , Fibroblastos/efeitos da radiação , Humanos , Testes para Micronúcleos/métodos , Fosforilação , Lesões por Radiação/metabolismo , Lesões por Radiação/patologia , Tolerância a Radiação/genética , Pele/patologia , Fatores de Tempo
17.
J Dev Behav Pediatr ; 36(3): 158-65, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25607639

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In the context of childhood obesity progression, sleep patterns have been associated with unhealthy eating habits and energy intake. The association between several eating habits and sleep patterns in children has been recently studied. The aim of this study was to explore the association between sleep patterns, eating habits, and physical fitness in primary school children. METHODS: A total of 236 children of 6 to 10 years old were recruited. Anthropometric characteristics and body composition were measured, and cardiorespiratory (20-m shuttle run test) and musculoskeletal (squat jump and cycling peak power) fitness tests were performed. Parents were asked to fill out an eating habits questionnaire, and children were classified into 4 categories as a function of the number of eating risk factors they presented. Parents completed a questionnaire about their child's bedtime and waking hours during weekdays and weekends. RESULTS: Weight (p < .01), waist circumference, and fat mass (p < .05) were significantly higher in late sleepers (27.6 ± 6.3 kg; 60.1 ± 7.6 cm; 19.52 ± 7.44) compared with normal sleepers (25.4 ± 3.7 kg; 58.2 ± 4.9 cm; 17.44% ± 6.23%). None of the physical fitness parameters were associated with sleep duration, bedtime, wake-up time, nor were they significantly different between late and normal sleepers. Bedtime was significantly earlier in children consuming breakfast everyday (08:30 vs. 09:00 PM, p < .01); later in children snacking (09:15 vs. 09:30 PM, p < .05) or watching TV at lunch (10:00 vs 09:30 PM, p < .05). There is an association between the proportion of normal and late sleepers and the accumulation of healthy eating habits (p < .001). CONCLUSION: Bedtime and sleep timings (normal or late sleepers) are associated with eating habits in primary school children. It seems necessary to consider the number of unhealthy eating habits adopted by children when studying these associations.


Assuntos
Comportamento Alimentar , Sono , Adiposidade , Peso Corporal , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade Pediátrica/etiologia , Aptidão Física , Pregas Cutâneas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo , Circunferência da Cintura
18.
J Int Soc Sports Nutr ; 11: 46, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25302057

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tennis tournaments often involve playing several consecutive matches interspersed with short periods of recovery. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was firstly to assess the impact of several successive tennis matches on the physical performance of competitive players and secondly to evaluate the potential of sports drinks to minimize the fatigue induced by repeated matches. METHODS: This was a crossover, randomized controlled study. Eight male regionally-ranked tennis players participated in this study. Players underwent a series of physical tests to assess their strength, speed, power and endurance following the completion of three tennis matches each of two hours duration played over three consecutive half-days (1.5 day period for each condition). In the first condition the players consumed a sports drink before, during and after each match; in the second, they drank an identical volume of placebo water. The results obtained were compared with the third 'rest' condition in which the subjects did not play any tennis. Main outcomes measured were maximal isometric strength and fatigability of knee and elbow extensors, 20-m sprint speed, jumping height, specific repeated sprint ability test and hand grip strength. RESULTS: The physical test results for the lower limbs showed no significant differences between the three conditions. Conversely, on the upper limbs the EMG data showed greater fatigue of the triceps brachii in the placebo condition compared to the rest condition, while the ingestion of sports drinks attenuated this fatigue. CONCLUSIONS: This study has demonstrated for the first time that, when tennis players are adequately hydrated and ingest balanced meals between matches, then no large drop in physical performance is observed even during consecutive competitive matches. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01353872.

19.
Eat Behav ; 14(1): 83-6, 2013 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23265408

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Children's eating habits have mainly been related to anthropometric characteristics but less is known about their association with physical fitness. METHODS: 278 French school children (131 boys and 147 girls) filled in eating habit questionnaires and completed anthropometric measurement (weight, height, skinfolds) and physical fitness tests. The 20-m Shuttle run test and the Squat Jump test were used to assess aerobic fitness and anaerobic (lower limb muscle power) fitness respectively. RESULTS: Breakfast consumption was associated with both aerobic fitness (p<0.05) and lower limb muscle power (p<0.01) while snacking was negatively related to Squat Jump performances (p<0.05). There was no association between physical fitness and either the type of the consumed-beverages or TV watching during dinner and lunch meals. Cumulated unhealthy eating habits was negatively associated with CRF stages and lower limb muscle power performances (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: French primary school children physical fitness is associated with their eating habits and decreases with the number of unhealthy eating behaviors cumulated.


Assuntos
Ingestão de Alimentos/fisiologia , Comportamento Alimentar/fisiologia , Hábitos , Aptidão Física/fisiologia , Instituições Acadêmicas , Antropometria/métodos , Criança , Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Feminino , França , Humanos , Masculino , Aptidão Física/psicologia , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
J Child Neurol ; 27(10): 1340-2, 2012 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23007300

RESUMO

The few cases of antiphospholipid syndrome that have been reported in neonates are believed to have resulted from a transplacental transfer of antiphospholipid antibodies. Here we report on a boy with a neonatal stroke revealing a de novo primary antiphospholipid, the mother being free of antiphospholipid antibodies. Other thrombosis risk factors included primiparity, gestational diabetes, macrosomia, polyglobulia, and lipoprotein(a) >30 mg/dL. Anti-cardiolipin and anti-ß(2)-glycoprotein I persisted more than 2 years. Under aspirin therapy, the child did not exhibit recurrence of thrombotic events or symptoms of autoimmunity after a follow-up of 3 years. Our case indicates that clinicians should consider a second retesting for anticardiolipin antibodies and anti-ß(2)-glycoprotein I antibodies, even when children and mother neonatal tests are negative.


Assuntos
Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/complicações , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/imunologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Adulto , Anticorpos Antifosfolipídeos/sangue , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/imunologia
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