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1.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 2020 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33135834

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Persons with hemophilia experience hemarthrosis, which can lead to cartilage degeneration, causing physical impairment. MRI T2 mapping has the potential to be used as a tool to evaluate early arthropathic changes and cartilage degeneration in patients with hemophilia. PURPOSE: To assess the value of MRI-T2 mapping as a tool for investigating the cartilage status of children and adolescents with hemophilic arthropathy. STUDY TYPE: Prospective, cross-sectional. SUBJECTS: Twenty-eight boys with hemophilia (aged 5-17 years) and 23 healthy boys (aged 7-17 years). FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCES: A multiecho spin-echo T2 -weighted gradient echo sequence was used on a 3.0T magnet. ASSESSMENT: MRI-T2 maps of ankle (tibia-talus) (n = 19) or knee (femur-tibia) (n = 9) cartilage were assessed in hemophilia and healthy groups. An anatomically-based MRI score was also assigned to each ankle/knee. STATISTICAL TESTS: Pearson's correlation coefficient (r), linear regression, intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), and analysis of variance (ANOVA) test. RESULTS: Negative associations between age and ankle/knee cartilage T2 relaxation times were found in hemophilia (r = -0.72 [P = 0.03] to -0.55 [P = 0.01]) and healthy (r = -0.84 [P < 0.001] to -0.55 [P = 0.20]) groups. There were nonsignificant associations between ankle cartilage T2 relaxation times and MRI scores (r = -0.15 [P = 0.54] to 0.31 [P = 0.19]). DATA CONCLUSION: Results of this clinical investigation emphasize the potential importance of MRI-T2 maps as a tool to understand the functional status of cartilage in children and adolescents with hemophilic arthropathy, while holding promise for the detection of early cartilage degeneration prior to macroscopic characterization by conventional MRI. MRI-T2 mapping may provide novel information that is not reflected in the anatomically-based MRI scoring system. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3 TECHNICAL EFFICACY STAGE: 2.

2.
J Clin Rheumatol ; 2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33136696

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of sinonasal morbidity on quality of life (QoL) in antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV). METHODS: This cross-sectional case-control study enrolled 71 patients-44 AAV cases with (ear, nose, and throat [ENT]-AAV) or without ENT involvement (non-ENT-AAV) undergoing multidisciplinary evaluations and 27 chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) cases. Three validated QoL questionnaires (Sino-Nasal Outcomes Test-22 [SNOT-22], Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation [NOSE], and Short-Form 36) were administered, and the 3 groups were compared. RESULTS: The ENT-AAV patients were significantly younger (p = 0.01), with less antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody positivity frequency (p = 0.035) and lower renal involvement (p = 0.003) than the non-ENT-AAV patients.The SNOT-22 questionnaire demonstrated significantly greater sinonasal morbidity in ENT-AAV patients compared with CRS patients (p < 0.001). The NOSE score of ENT-AAV patients was comparable to those of CRS patients, but higher than that of non-ENT-AAV patients (p < 0.001). The SNOT-22 and NOSE scores positively correlated with disease activity (p = 0.037; p = 0.004, respectively). Short-Form 36 domain-by-domain analysis revealed a significantly poorer QoL in ENT-AAV patients, especially with physical functioning being progressively impaired in CRS, non-ENT-AAV, and ENT-AAV patients (p < 0.001). No significant differences in QoL came to light when AAV patients were stratified according to current systemic o local treatments. CONCLUSIONS: The QoL in AAV patients is significantly reduced, especially in the presence of ENT involvement. The AAV-related nasal morbidity is consistent and comparable to that reported by CRS patients. It significantly affects patients' QoL and in particular social functioning, leading to limitation in daily/work activities. Organ-focused questionnaires and multidisciplinary management are warranted to pursue a treat-to-target approach in these patients.

4.
Expert Rev Clin Immunol ; : 1-10, 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076716

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The rarity of systemic sclerosis (SSc) and its widely heterogeneous presentation and disease course are the main limitations for clinical research. The European Scleroderma Trials and Research group (EUSTAR) was launchegd in 2004, aiming to unify research efforts in the field of SSc. The central EUSTAR database has grown exponentially over the years, promoting new research and clinical trials, shedding new light on SSc diagnosis, its clinical course and providing new ideas for state-of-the-art therapy.Areas covered: The authors summarized the key findings of the main EUSTAR studies by reviewing PubMed and Web-of-Science databases through July 2020. The authors focused on the very early diagnosis of SSc, the prediction of disease course and mortality, the evaluation of disease activity and quality of life, the general management and therapy. EXPERT OPINION: The findings elucidated in EUSTAR studies have substantially improved the diagnostic and therapeutic approach to SSc in the last 15 years. Further efforts are warranted to identify early prognostic markers of the disease and stratify patients who may benefit most from vasoactive, immunosuppressive, and/or antifibrotic therapy. This will be particularly important in leading the future of SSc toward precision medicine and to promote more targeted clinical trials.

5.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 46(12): 3218-3227, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32951932

RESUMO

Assessment and monitoring of inflammation and tissue damage is crucial in localized scleroderma (LS), but validated diagnostic tools are lacking. We aimed to determine the feasibility of using acoustic radiation force imaging ultrasound elastography in the assessment of pediatric-onset LS lesions. Conventional ultrasound and shear-wave elastography (SWE) imaging were used to characterize changes in pre-assigned LS lesions in 13 prospectively recruited participants. Contralateral sites were used as controls. Mean SWE values were compared. LS lesions were significantly stiffer than control sites in the dermis and the hypodermis using both parametric and non-parametric tests, before and after skin-thickness normalization. We show that SWE imaging is a feasible way to discriminate between normal skin and LS lesions in the pediatric population.

6.
Curr Opin Rheumatol ; 32(6): 515-522, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32890033

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review encompasses the main novelties regarding nonimmune mechanisms implicated in the pathogenesis of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM). RECENT FINDINGS: In recent years, growing data support a role for endoplasmic-reticulum (ER) stress as a propagator of muscular damage, together with the release of interferon type I and reactive oxygen species in hypoxemic muscle fibers. Other studies evaluating the relationship between autophagy and Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in IIM subtypes have shown increased TLR3 and TLR4 expression in fibers of IIM patients and colocalization with LC3, an autophagy marker, submitting autophagy as a likely player in IIM pathogenesis. Most novel evidences concern the potential role of denervation of the neuromuscular junction in IIM, possibly connected to hyperexpression of MHC-I, and trafficking of extracellular vesicles, which may represent a connection between nonimmune and immune-mediated mechanisms of muscle inflammation and damage. SUMMARY: Nonimmune mechanisms contribute to the pathogenesis of IIM, likely cooperating with immune-mediated inflammation. Consistent data were released for ER stress, autophagy, mitochondrial dysfunction and hypoxia; in addition to, neuromuscular denervation and extracellular vesicles have been proposed as thoughtful links between muscle inflammation, damage and atrophy. Further understanding of nonimmune abnormalities and potential reversible pathways is needed to improve the management of IIM.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32940703

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The withdrawal of oral anticoagulation (OAC) in patients with SLE and secondary aPL syndrome (SAPS) who become seronegative has not been clearly investigated to date. Our aim was to evaluate the prevalence of aPL seroconversion and the prognosis of SLE patients with SAPS who withdrew OAC after aPL negativization. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed data of all SLE patients (ACR criteria) with SAPS (Sydney criteria) prospectively followed-up in our clinic. aPL seroconversion was defined as negativization of lupus anticoagulant, aCL, and anti-ß2glycoprotein-1 antibodies on two or more consecutive measurements, at least 12 weeks apart. OAC discontinuation was defined as the definitive withdrawal of all anticoagulants. RESULTS: Fifty-five out of 513 (10.7%) SLE patients had vascular SAPS. Sixteen patients (29.1%) became aPL seronegative during follow-up. Immunosuppressive therapy predicted aPL negativization (odds ratio 5.211, 95%CI 1.341, 20.243), whereas APS diagnosis prior to that of SLE (odds ratio 0.078, 95%CI 0.008, 0.799) and triple-positive profile (odds ratio 0.264, 95%CI 0.115, 0.609) were negative predictors of aPL negativization. OAC was discontinued in 13/55 patients (23.6%), after a median follow-up of 45 months (range 1-276) from aPL seroconversion. SLE-related modifiable risk factors for thrombosis were observed in 10/13 patients (77%) at the time of the thrombotic event. No thrombotic recurrences were observed during a mean follow-up time of 44 (19) months from OAC discontinuation. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that OAC can be safely discontinued in SLE patients who became persistently seronegative for aPL, at least when aPL-related thrombotic events occurred in presence of other thrombotic risk factors.

9.
J Rheumatol ; 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32934131

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was 1) to assess the inter-reader reliability in detecting and scoring the inflammatory bone lesions in pediatric patients with chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis (CNO) by using WB-MRI, and 2) to evaluate the responsiveness of the MRIdetected CNO lesions to pamidronate therapy. METHODS: Eighty-eight WB-MRI examinations were independently reviewed and scored by two radiologists blinded to clinical details in 32 retrospectively enrolled pediatric patients with CNO. Inflammatory bone lesions, soft tissue abnormality, and bony structural changes were scored before and after pamidronate therapy. Lesion responsiveness was calculated by using standardized response mean and inter-reader reliability was assessed by kappa statistics. RESULTS: There was good to excellent inter-reader agreement for the detection and quantification of bone lesions. After the first cycle of pamidronate in all 32 patients, 96 of the 279 lesions (34%) (after excluding 108 lesions of hand and feet) resolved, while in a subset of 11 patients with two or more cycles, 76% of lesions resolved after the second cycle. Twenty-one (7.5%) lesions worsened and 46 (16.4%) new lesions developed after one cycle in all 32 patients. In these 11 patients, the number of worsened lesions reduced to 2 (2%) and new lesions to 14 (14.9%) after the second cycle as detected on MRI. Vertebral lesions had the highest response to treatment. CONCLUSION: WB-MRI is a reliable tool for objective quantification and assessment of response to treatment of pediatric CNO bone lesions and could be used to monitor disease activity for clinical and research purposes.

10.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 38 Suppl 125(3): 148-153, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865175

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of skin ulcers (SUs) and their association with clinical phenotype in a monocentric cohort of patients affected with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: Patients affected with SSc (ACR/EULAR 2013 criteria) in regular follow-up at the Rheumatology Unit of Padova University Hospital, Italy, were considered and retrospectively evaluated. Demographic, clinical and laboratory data, organ involvement and therapy were recorded. We analysed the occurrence, timing (single episode, recurrent/chronic) and site of SUs. The association between SUs and demographic and clinical variables was assessed by logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: We evaluated 211 SSc patients, aged 60.8±12.4 years, 187 (89%) females, 147 (70%) affected with limited cutaneous SSc. During a median follow-up of 120 months (50-216), 105 (50%) patients experienced at least one episode of SU; among them, 66% had recurrent or persistent SUs. Patients with a history of SUs compared with those never affected were younger at SSc diagnosis (p=0.009), had more frequently a diffuse cutaneous form (p=0.001), chronic anaemia (p<0.001), systemic inflammation (p=0.001), lung (p=0.002) and cardiac (p=0.004) involvement, and calcinosis (p=0.001). At multivariate analysis a younger age at SSc diagnosis (p=0.031), articular involvement (p=0.005) and telangiectasia (p=0.003) were independently associated with SUs. Telangiectasia, articular involvement, chronic anaemia and inflammatory state were found to be associated with the recurrence/chronicisation of SUs. CONCLUSIONS: SUs represent a common complication in our cohort of patients with a long-term follow-up. The association of SUs with some clinical manifestations of SSc suggests a combined role of microcirculatory damage and inflammation in their origin.


Assuntos
Escleroderma Sistêmico , Úlcera Cutânea , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Microcirculação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Insights Imaging ; 11(1): 87, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32737687

RESUMO

PURPOSE: 1. To review the contemporary literature and present a list of the imaging findings for patients with autoinflammatory diseases from our hospital. All these patients are found to have a genetic mutation that is responsible for their disease. 2. To present follow-up imaging findings, when available, and correlate those with symptoms and type of treatment administered in approximately 40 patients with autoinflammatory diseases of a single tertiary pediatric health care center including familial Mediterranean fever, Cryopyrin-associated autoinflammatory syndrome, PAPA (pyogenic arthritis, pyoderma gangrenousum, and acne) syndrome, and more. These findings are related to disease progression, treatment response, or treatment-induced changes. CONCLUSION: Autoinflammatory diseases are relatively rare entities that can affect any system of the body. Given the many nonspecific imaging features, awareness of these diseases and good communication with clinicians aid in reaching an accurate diagnosis.

12.
Int J Infect Dis ; 99: 496-504, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32800858

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV2) was characterized at the end of 2019, and soon spread around the world, generating a pandemic. It has been suggested that men are more severely affected by the viral disease (COVID-19) than women. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic literature review (SRL) and meta-analysis was to analyse the influence of gender on COVID-19 mortality, severity, and disease outcomes. A SRL was performed in PubMed and Embase, searching terms corresponding to the 'PEO' format: population = adult patients affected with COVID-19; exposure = gender; outcome = any available clinical outcomes by gender, including mortality and disease severity. The search covered the period from January 1 to April 30, 2020. Exclusion criteria were: case reports/series, reviews, commentaries, languages other than English. Full-text, original articles were included. Data on study type, country, and patients' characteristics were extracted. Study quality was evaluated using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale (NOS). From a total of 950 hits generated by the database search, 85 articles fulfilling the inclusion criteria were selected. RESULTS: A random-effects meta-analysis was performed to compare mortality, recovery rates, and disease severity in men compared with women. The male to female ratio for cases was 1:0.9. A significant association was found between male sex and mortality (OR = 1.81; 95% CI 1.25-2.62), as well as a lower chance of recovery in men (OR = 0.72; 95% CI 0.55-0.95). Male patients were more likely to present with a severe form of COVID-19 (OR = 1.46; 95% CI 1.10-1.94). CONCLUSIONS: Males are slightly more susceptible to SARS-CoV2 infection, present with a more severe disease, and have a worse prognosis. Further studies are warranted to unravel the biological mechanisms underlying these observations.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Caracteres Sexuais , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(10): 1333-1339, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32816709

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR)/American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 2019 Classification Criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have been validated with high sensitivity and specificity. We evaluated the performance of the new criteria with regard to disease duration, sex and race/ethnicity, and compared its performance against the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC) 2012 and ACR 1982/1997 criteria. METHODS: Twenty-one SLE centres from 16 countries submitted SLE cases and mimicking controls to form the validation cohort. The sensitivity and specificity of the EULAR/ACR 2019, SLICC 2012 and ACR 1982/1997 criteria were evaluated. RESULTS: The cohort consisted of female (n=1098), male (n=172), Asian (n=118), black (n=68), Hispanic (n=124) and white (n=941) patients; with an SLE duration of 1 to <3 years (n=196) and ≥5 years (n=879). Among patients with 1 to <3 years disease duration, the EULAR/ACR criteria had better sensitivity than the ACR criteria (97% vs 81%). The EULAR/ACR criteria performed well in men (sensitivity 93%, specificity 96%) and women (sensitivity 97%, specificity 94%). Among women, the EULAR/ACR criteria had better sensitivity than the ACR criteria (97% vs 83%) and better specificity than the SLICC criteria (94% vs 82%). Among white patients, the EULAR/ACR criteria had better sensitivity than the ACR criteria (95% vs 83%) and better specificity than the SLICC criteria (94% vs 83%). The EULAR/ACR criteria performed well among black patients (sensitivity of 98%, specificity 100%), and had better sensitivity than the ACR criteria among Hispanic patients (100% vs 86%) and Asian patients (97% vs 77%). CONCLUSIONS: The EULAR/ACR 2019 criteria perform well among patients with early disease, men, women, white, black, Hispanic and Asian patients. These criteria have superior sensitivity than the ACR criteria and/or superior specificity than the SLICC criteria across many subgroups.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/classificação , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Seleção de Pacientes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
14.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 38(4): 754-759, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32723434

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: COVID-19 features include disseminated intravascular coagulation and thrombotic microangiopathy indicating a hypercoagulable state. We aimed to investigate antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) prevalence and clinical relationships in a large cohort of COVID-19 patients. METHODS: We analysed the prevalence and titres of serum aPL in 122 patients with COVID-19 and 157 with primary antiphospholipid syndrome (PAPS) and 91 with other autoimmune rheumatic diseases (oARD) for comparison. IgG/IgM anticardiolipin (aCL) and IgG/IgM anti-beta2glycoprotein I (ß2GPI) were assayed using homemade ELISA, IgA aCL and anti-ß2GPI by commercial ELISA kits and lupus anticoagulant (LAC) by multiple coagulation tests following updated international guidelines. RESULTS: Prevalence of IgG and IgM aCL and of IgG and IgM anti-ß2GPI across COVID-19 patients were 13.4%, 2.7%, 6.3% and 7.1%, being significantly lower than in PAPS (p<0.0001 for all). Frequency of IgG aCL and IgM anti-ß2GPI was comparable to oARD (13.4% vs. 13.2% and 7.1% vs. 11%, respectively), while IgG anti-ß2GPI and IgM aCL were lower (p<0.01). IgA aCL and IgA anti-ß2GPI were retrieved in 1.7% and 3.3% of COVID-19 patients, respectively. Positive LAC was observed in 22.2% COVID-19 vs. 54.1% of PAPS (p<0.0001) and 14.6% of oARD (p=0.21). Venous or arterial thromboses occurred in 18/46 (39.1%) COVID-19 patients and were not associated with positive aPL (p=0.09). CONCLUSIONS: Thrombosis is a frequent manifestation during COVID-19 infection. However, prevalence and titres of aPL antibodies or LAC were neither consistently increased nor associated with thrombosis when measured at a single timepoint, therefore not representing a suitable screening tool in the acute stage of disease.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antifosfolipídeos/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Anticorpos Anticardiolipina/sangue , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/sangue , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina M/sangue , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Trombose/complicações , Trombose/virologia , beta 2-Glicoproteína I/imunologia
15.
Haemophilia ; 26(4): 565-574, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32497355

RESUMO

A goal of the International Prophylaxis Study Group (IPSG) is to provide an accurate instrument to measure MRI-based disease severity of haemophilic arthropathy at various time points, so that longitudinal changes in disease severity can be identified to support decisions on treatment management. We review and discuss in this paper the evaluative purpose of the IPSG MRI scale in relation to its development and validation processes so far. We also critically appraise the validity, reliability and responsiveness of using the IPSG MRI scale in different clinical and research settings, and whenever applicable, compare these clinimetric properties of the IPSG MRI scale with those of its precursors, the compatible additive and progressive MRI scales.

16.
Eur J Intern Med ; 78: 17-25, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32540411

RESUMO

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) carries a high morbidity and mortality burden in Systemic Sclerosis (SSc). Therefore, PAH screening and early detection are pivotal. A systematic literature review (SLR) to search for all screening tools and modalities for SSc-PAH was performed in reference to right heart catheterization as diagnostic gold standard. Papers from 2 previously published SLRs and derived from a systematic search on Pubmed, EMBASE, Web of Science for papers published from 03/10/2017 to 31/12/2018 were manually included. A total of 199 papers were reviewed and 32 were extracted, with a low bias risk according to QUADAS2. Echocardiography, pulmonary function tests, clinical features and serum biomarkers were the most frequently tools used for screening, with different parameters combined in a variable fashion, as single item or as part of composite algorithms. Among the composite algorithms, the DETECT score, ESC/ERS 2009 or 2015 guidelines, ASIG and ITINER-air algorithms were the most commonly used in a wide range of patients. In different cohorts, DETECT and ASIG showed higher sensitivity and negative predictive value than ESC/ERS 2009. In conclusion, the literature shows echocardiography as the leading screening tool for SSc-PAH. In particular, systolic pulmonary arterial pressure (sPAP) and tricuspid regurgitation velocity (TRV), both as single items or part of composite algorithms, including also serum biomarkers, clinical and functional items, are the most frequent parameters evaluated.

18.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(8): 1077-1083, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32503858

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Short-term predictive endpoints of chronic kidney disease (CKD) are needed in lupus nephritis (LN). We tested response to therapy at 1 year. METHODS: We considered patients with LN who underwent renal biopsy followed by induction therapy between January 1970 and December 2016. LN was assessed using the International Society of Nephrology/Renal Pathology Society (2003) criteria and the National Institute of Health (NIH) activity and chronicity index. The renal outcome was CKD. Response was defined according to EULAR/European League Against Rheumatism/European Renal Association-European Dialysis and Transplant Association (EULAR/ERA-EDTA) recommendations: complete: proteinuria <0.5 g/24 hours, (near) normal estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR); partial: ≥50% proteinuria reduction to subnephrotic levels, (near) normal eGFR; and no response: all the other cases. Logistic regression analysis was employed for 12-month response and Cox regression for CKD prediction. RESULTS: We studied 381 patients (90.5% Caucasians). After 12-month therapy, 58%, 26% and 16% of patients achieved complete, partial and no response, respectively, according to EULAR/ERA-EDTA. During a median follow-up of 10.7 (IQR: 4.97-18.80) years, 53 patients developed CKD. At 15 years, CKD-free survival rate was 95.2%, 87.6% and 55.4% in patients with complete, partial and no response at 12 months, respectively (p<0.0001). CKD-free survival rates did not differ between complete and partial responders (p=0.067). Serum creatinine (HR: 1.485, 95% CI 1.276 to 1.625), eGFR (HR 0.967, 95% CI 0.957 to 0.977) and proteinuria at 12 months (HR 1.234, 95% CI 1.111 to 1.379) were associated with CKD, yet no reliable cut-offs were identified on the receiver operating characteristic curve. In multivariable analysis, no EULAR/ERA-EDTA response at 12 months (HR 5.165, 95% CI 2.770 to 7.628), low C4 (HR 1.053, 95% CI 1.019 to 1.089) and persistent arterial hypertension (HR 3.154, 95% CI 1.500 to 4.547) independently predicted CKD. CONCLUSIONS: Lack of EULAR/ERA-EDTA response at 12 months predicts CKD.


Assuntos
Nefrite Lúpica/complicações , Nefrite Lúpica/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/etiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Testes de Função Renal , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Front Immunol ; 11: 936, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32499784

RESUMO

Objectives: Our study aimed to identify: (1) the prevalence of spine and pelvis magnetic resonance imaging (MRI-spine and MRI-SIJ) inflammatory and structural lesions in patients (pts) with a diagnosis of axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA); (2) the predictive factors for a severe disease pattern with a higher probability of radiographic progression. Materials and Methods: Seventy-five pts with low back pain (LBP) (≥3 months, ≤2 years, onset ≤45 years) underwent physical examination, questionnaires, laboratory tests, X-rays, MRI-spine, and MRI-SIJ at baseline (T0) and during a 24-months follow-up. Two expert rheumatologists made axSpA diagnosis and classification (according ASAS criteria). MRI-spine, MRI-SIJ and X-rays were scored independently by 2 readers following the SPARCC, mSASSS, and mNY-criteria. According to ASAS criteria, 21 pts fulfilled imaging arm only and 29 clinical arm with/without imaging arm; 25 pts did not fulfill ASAS criteria. Results: At T0 the mean ± SD LBP onset was 28.51 ± 8.05 years, 45.3% pts were male, 38.7% were HLA-B27+; 56% showed bone marrow oedema (BMO) at MRI-spine and 64% at MRI-SIJ. Signs of enthesitis were found in 58% pts in the thoracic spine. Eighteen (24%) pts presented BMO at MRI-spine with a negative MRI-SIJ. The prevalence of BMO lesions and the SPARCC SIJ and spine score decreased during the follow-up in the 2 cohorts meeting ASAS criteria. An early onset of LBP, a lower use of NSAIDs, a BASDAI>4 were identified as predictors of spine structural damage; the high SPARCC SIJ score appeared to be a predictor of SIJ structural damage. A higher mSASSS was predicted by a lower age of onset of LBP. Predictor of higher SPARCC spine was a higher NSAIDs and of higher SPARCC SIJ score the HLA-B27 positivity with increased inflammatory biomarkers. Conclusions: At T0 a significant prevalence of BMO lesions was observed both in SIJ and spine, with predominant involvement of thoracic district. Since positive MRI-spine images were observed in the absence of sacroiliitis, these findings seem to be relevant in the axSpA diagnosis. Early age of disease onset, long duration of LBP, increased inflammatory biomarkers, higher use of NSAIDs, male gender, HLA-B27 positivity, SPARCC SIJ score>2 appeared predictors of radiological damage and activity.

20.
J Nephrol ; 2020 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32548773

RESUMO

This review is devoted to rheumatologic diseases mainly characterized by different types of arthritis. They may involve also different organs, including the kidney, but renal disease is more frequently caused by the nephrotoxicity of drugs to relieve pain or to interfere with the pathophysiology of the underlying disease. Rheumatoid arthritis is the prototype of arthropathies. This autoimmune disease mainly attacks joints, tendons and ligaments but can also involve internal organs including the kidney. Psoriatic arthritis is a complex disease in which psoriasis, a chronic inflammatory disease, is associated with the development of peripheral arthritis or spondylitis. The disease or its treatment may lead to kidney complications. Gout is a form of inflammatory arthritis which is characterized by an increase in the serum uric acid deposits in and around the joints of the extremities, the so called tophi. The disease is often associated with a metabolic syndrome with diabetes, obesity, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease. Kidney injury is frequent. It may be caused by kidney stones, urinary tract obstruction, tubulointerstitial and vascular lesions leading to CKD and renal failure.

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