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Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 24(12): 7253-7263, 2022 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35275156


The formation of two-dimensional oxide dodecagonal quasicrystals as well as related complex approximant phases was recently reported in thin films derived from BaTiO3 or SrTiO3 perovskites deposited on (111)-oriented Pt single crystals. Here, we use an all-thin-film approach in which the single crystal is replaced by a 10 nm thick Pt(111) buffer layer grown by molecular beam epitaxy on an Al2O3(0001) substrate. An ultra-thin film of SrTiO3 was subsequently deposited by pulsed laser deposition. The film stacking and structure are fully characterized by diffraction and microscopy techniques. We report the discovery of two new complex phases obtained by reduction of this system through high temperature annealing under ultrahigh vacuum conditions. The formation of a new large square approximant with a lattice parameter equal to 44.4 Å is evidenced by low-energy electron diffraction and scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). Additionally, a new 2D hexagonal approximant phase with a lattice parameter of 28 Å has been observed depending on the preparation conditions. Both phases can be described by two different tilings constructed with the same basic square, triangle and rhombus tiles possessing a common edge length of about 6.7 Å. Using the tiling built from high resolution STM images, we propose an atomic model for each approximant which accounts for the experimental observations. Indeed, the STM images simulated using these models are found to be in excellent agreement with the experimental ones, the bright protrusions being attributed to the topmost Sr atoms. In addition our theoretical approach shows that the adhesion of the oxide layer is rather strong (-0.30 eV Å-2). This is attributed to charge transfer, from the most electropositive elements (Sr and Ti) to the most electronegative ones (Pt and O), and to hybridization with Pt-states. Density of states calculations indicate differences in the electronic structure of the two approximants, suggesting different chemical and physical properties. This all-thin-film approach may be useful to explore the formation of complex two-dimensional oxide phases in other metal-oxide combinations.

J Phys Condens Matter ; 34(3)2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34592722


In the present work, we demonstrate that C-doped Zr5Pt3is an electron-phonon superconductor (with critical temperatureTC= 3.8 K) with a nonsymmorphic topological Dirac nodal-line semimetal state, which we report here for the first time. The superconducting properties of Zr5Pt3C0.5have been investigated by means of magnetization, resistivity, specific heat, and muon spin rotation and relaxation (µSR) measurements. We find that at low temperatures, the depolarization rate is almost constant and it can be well described by a single-bands-wave model with a superconducting gap of 2Δ(0)/kBTC= 3.84, somewhat higher than the value of BCS theory. From the transverse field µSR analysis, we estimate the London penetration depthλL= 469 nm, superconducting carrier densityns= 1.83 × 1026 m-3, and effective massm* = 1.428me. The zero field µSR confirms the absence of any spontaneous magnetic field in the superconducting ground state. In order to gain additional insights into the electronic ground state of C-doped Zr5Pt3, we also performed first-principles calculations within the framework of density functional theory (DFT). The observed homogenous electronic character of the Fermi surface as well as the mutual decrease ofTCand density of states at the Fermi level are consistent with the experimental findings of this study. However, the band structure reveals the presence of robust, gapless fourfold-degenerate nodal lines protected by 63screw rotations and glide mirror planes. Therefore, Zr5Pt3represents a novel, unprecedented condensed matter system to investigate the intricate interplay between superconductivity and topology.