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Pharmaceuticals (Basel) ; 13(9)2020 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32858871


The cyclooxygenase-2 receptor is a therapeutic target for planning potential drugs with anti-inflammatory activity. The selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor rofecoxib was selected as a pivot molecule to perform virtual ligand-based screening from six commercial databases. We performed the search for similarly shaped Rapid Overlay of Chemical Structures (ROCS) and electrostatic (EON) compounds. After, we used pharmacokinetic and toxicological parameters to determine the best potential compounds, obtained through the softwares QikProp and Derek, respectively. Then, the compounds proceeded to the molecular anchorage study, which showed promising results of binding affinity with the hCOX-2 receptor: LMQC72 (∆G = -11.0 kcal/mol), LMQC36 (∆G = -10.6 kcal/mol), and LMQC50 (∆G = -10.2 kcal/mol). LMQC72 and LMQC36 showed higher binding affinity compared to rofecoxib (∆G = -10.4 kcal/mol). Finally, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were used to evaluate the interaction of the compounds with the target hCOX-2 during 150 ns. In all MD simulation trajectories, the ligands remained interacting with the protein until the end of the simulation. The compounds were also complexing with hCOX-2 favorably. The compounds obtained the following affinity energy values: rofecoxib: ΔGbind = -45.31 kcal/mol; LMQC72: ΔGbind = -38.58 kcal/mol; LMQC36: ΔGbind = -36.10 kcal/mol; and LMQC50: ΔGbind = -39.40 kcal/mol. The selected LMQC72, LMQC50, and LMQC36 structures showed satisfactory pharmacokinetic results related to absorption and distribution. The toxicological predictions of these compounds did not display alerts for possible toxic groups and lower risk of cardiotoxicity compared to rofecoxib. Therefore, future in vitro and in vivo studies are needed to confirm the anti-inflammatory potential of the compounds selected here with bioinformatics approaches based on rofecoxib ligand.

J Biomol Struct Dyn ; 36(2): 318-334, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28027711


Human dipeptidyl peptidase IV (hDDP-IV) has a considerable importance in inactivation of glucagon-like peptide-1, which is related to type 2 diabetes. One approach for the treatment is the development of small hDDP-IV inhibitors. In order to design better inhibitors, we analyzed 5-(aminomethyl)-6-(2,4-dichlrophenyl)-2-(3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)pyrimidin-4-amine and a set of 24 molecules found in the BindingDB web database for model designing. The analysis of their molecular properties allowed the design of a multiple linear regression model for activity prediction. Their docking analysis allowed visualization of the interactions between the pharmacophore regions and hDDP-IV. After both analyses were performed, we proposed a set of nine molecules in order to predict their activity. Four of them displayed promising activity, and thus, had their docking performed, as well as, the pharmacokinetic and toxicological study. Two compounds from the proposed set showed suitable pharmacokinetic and toxicological characteristics, and therefore, they were considered promising for future synthesis and in vitro studies.

Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Dipeptidil Peptidase 4/química , Inibidores da Dipeptidil Peptidase IV/química , Hipoglicemiantes/química , Sítios de Ligação , Dipeptidil Peptidase 4/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores da Dipeptidil Peptidase IV/uso terapêutico , Peptídeo 1 Semelhante ao Glucagon/química , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Modelos Moleculares , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
Free Radic Biol Med ; 115: 421-435, 2018 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29248721


In this study, we report the ability of a set of eight 3-phenylcoumarin derivatives bearing 6,7- or 5,7-dihydroxyl groups, free or acetylated, bound to the benzopyrone moiety, to modulate the effector functions of human neutrophils. In general, (i) 6,7-disubstituted compounds (5, 6, 19, 20) downmodulated the Fcγ receptor-mediated neutrophil oxidative metabolism more strongly than 5,7-disubstituted compounds (21, 22, 23, 24), and (ii) hydroxylated compounds (5, 19, 21, 23) downmodulated this neutrophil function more effectively than their acetylated counterparts (6, 20, 22, 24, respectively). Compounds 5 (6,7-dihydroxy-3-[3',4'-methylenedioxyphenyl]-coumarin) and 19 (6,7-dihydroxy-3-[3',4'-dihydroxyphenyl]-coumarin) effectively downmodulated the neutrophil oxidative metabolism elicited via Fcγ and/or complement receptors. Compound 5 also downmodulated the immune complex-stimulated phagocytosis, degranulation of elastase, and production and release of neutrophil extracellular traps, as well as the human neutrophil chemotaxis towards n-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine, without altering the expression level of formyl peptide receptor type 1. Both compounds 5 and 19 did not impair the neutrophil capacity to recognize and kill Candida albicans. Docking calculations revealed that compounds 5 and 19 directly interacted with three catalytic residues - Gln-91, His-95, and Arg-239 - inside the myeloperoxidase active site. Together, these findings indicate that (i) inhibition of reactive oxygen species generation and degranulation of elastase are closely associated with downmodulation of release of neutrophil extracellular traps; and (ii) compound 5 can be a prototype for the development of novel immunomodulating drugs to treat immune complex-mediated inflammatory diseases.

Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Cumarínicos/farmacologia , Armadilhas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/fisiologia , Elastase Pancreática/metabolismo , Receptores de Complemento/metabolismo , Receptores de IgG/metabolismo , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Células Cultivadas , Cumarínicos/química , Humanos , Imunomodulação , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Fagocitose , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo