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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18323, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852122

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine disorders in women of reproductive age. PCOS has a significant negative impact on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and psychological function of women, of which there are reports of high levels of depression in women with PCOS compared to those without PCOS. However, the evidence surrounding the effects of exercise and/or dietary intervention participation on the HRQoL of women with PCOS is limited. Therefore, our objective is to examine the effects of lifestyle interventions (definition include exercise-only, diet-only, exercise + diet and behavioral or combined) on health-related quality of life or general quality of life in women with PCOS. METHODS: We will conduct an update of systematic review and we will follow the recommendations and guidelines of the Cochrane handbook for systematic reviews and Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocol (PRISMA-P). We will search the studies in the following databases: MEDLINE. PubMed, PsychINFO, Embase, SportDiscus, Web of Science, Cochrane Database (via Cochrane library), Cochrane Controlled Register of Trials (CENTRAL), and Google Scholar (advance). Manual search of the reference list of identified works, without language and year restrictions. The process of study selection and data extraction will be performed independently by 2 reviewers, with a third reviewer being responsible for the final decision in case of disagreement between the first two. We will use Egger funnel chart to evaluate possible publication biases, in addition, when possible we will perform a subgroup/meta-regression analysis. The strength of the evidence will be assessed according to the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE). PROTOCOL REGISTRY: PROSPERO number: CRD42019124176.


Assuntos
Estilo de Vida , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Adulto , Dieta/métodos , Exercício , Feminino , Humanos , Resistência à Insulina , Metanálise como Assunto , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/psicologia , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto , Adulto Jovem
2.
J Sport Rehabil ; 28(3): 288-293, 2019 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29364066

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Physical training improves the strength of upper limbs, contributing directly to the performance of activities of daily life, confirming one more time that the strengthened muscle is imperative for a rapid rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the scientific implications of the impact of physical training on the strength of the upper limbs of people with paraplegias. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The search strategy with truncations and Boolean operator was defined as: (spinal cord inju* OR traumatic myelopat* OR paraplegi*) AND (physical exercise OR strength training OR resisted training) AND (upper limb* OR arm OR armrest), for all of the databases. There were included experimental and quasi-experimental studies, published in the English language and with the complete text available, with at least 1 physical exercise that worked with the strength of the upper limbs. Two independent evaluators extracted from each article data on study characteristics (publishing year, country of origin, and study design), of the subjects (gender and age), and of the disability (level of lesion and cause). EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Seven articles were included in the systematic revision. The procedure used the most for measuring the maximum strength was the 1-repetition maximum test, followed by the isokinetic dynamometer and Quantitative Muscle Testing System. Furthermore, the most commonly associated variables in the included studies were pain in the shoulder, cardiorespiratory capacity, and functionality, respectively. The results showed that all of the variables improved because of the training. CONCLUSIONS: The training improved the strength, the functionality, and reduced the pain in the shoulder of the people with paraplegia.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício , Força Muscular , Paraplegia/reabilitação , Treinamento de Resistência , Extremidade Superior/fisiologia , Humanos , Dinamômetro de Força Muscular , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
3.
Syst Rev ; 6(1): 264, 2017 12 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29273090

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although many post-participation outcomes in different types of physical training (e.g., aerobic and strength) have been previously investigated for the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome, there is no recent systematic review of the relationship between various types of intervention and the reproductive function of women with PCOS. The current paper describes a systematic review protocol on the benefits of physical exercise and dietary or drug interventions on endocrinological outcomes in women with PCOS. METHODS: PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Direct, Bireme, Scopus, Web of Science, ProQuest, Cochrane Library (Cochrane Systematic Reviews Database, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Studies (CENTRAL) databases will be searched. Studies randomized controlled trials reporting on intervening changes in exercise interventions with or without interventions compared such as diet, medication and acupuncture on the menstrual cycle, and fertility in women with PCOS will be included. Results will be on the decrease of the characteristics of hyperandrogenism, insulin resistance, and obesity. Studies published since 2010 and in the English language will be included. DISCUSSION: This systematic review will identify improvement strategies and types of interventions that are geared toward improving endocrine and consequently metabolic parameters. Thus, the use of such strategies may increase the types of low-cost non-drug therapies that aid in the treatment of PCOS. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42017058869.


Assuntos
Exercício/fisiologia , Fertilidade , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico , Dieta , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperandrogenismo , Resistência à Insulina , Ciclo Menstrual , Metformina , Obesidade , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/terapia , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto
4.
AIDS Care ; 29(8): 1041-1048, 2017 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28064511

RESUMO

The aim of this descriptive study was to correlate the level of pain with the quality of life in 261 people living with HIV/AIDS. Mild pain/no pain was reported by 47.5% of subjects, 24.1% reported moderate pain, and 28.4% reported severe pain; pain levels were correlated with gender (p = 0.02), health status (p < 0.001), perception (p < 0.001), and stage of infection (p = 0.005). Being female represented a risk factor for moderate (p < 0.001) and intense pain (p = 0.004). Poor health represented a risk for moderate (p < 0.038) and intense pain (p = 0.005). Being young was a factor of protection for moderate pain (21-30 years, p = 0.046; 41-50 years, p = 0.023; and 51-60 years, p < 0.030). The low quality of life averages was identified and correlated with pain in all evaluated domains (p < 0.001). The risk factors for moderate and severe pain were a low level of independence (p = 0.004) and compromised social relations (p = 0.029), respectively. Psychological control behaved as a protection factor for moderate pain (p = 0.011), and bad physical domain proved to be a protection factor for severe pain (p = 0.007). The level of pain is a negative impact on the quality of life of people with HIV/AIDS.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/psicologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Doenças Transmissíveis , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto Jovem
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