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1.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 860698, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35574011

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Heterogeneity exists among patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) with regard to the risk of recurrent events. Current guidelines have definitely refined the disease and we aimed to examine the practicability in Chinese population. Methods: A cohort of 9944 patients with ASCVD was recruited. Recurrent events occurred during an average of 38.5 months' follow-up were collected. The respective and combinative roles of major ASCVD (mASCVD) events and high-risk conditions, being defined by 2018 AHA/ACC guideline, in coronary severity and outcome were studied. Results: The number of high-risk conditions was increased with increasing number of mASCVD events (1.95 ± 1.08 vs. 2.16 ± 1.10 vs. 2.42 ± 1.22). Trends toward the higher to the highest frequency of multi-vessel coronary lesions were found in patients with 1- (71.1%) or ≥2 mASCVD events (82.8%) when compared to those without (67.9%) and in patients with 2- (70.5%) or ≥3 high-risk conditions (77.4%) when compared to those with 0-1 high-risk condition (61.9%). The survival rate was decreased by 6.2% between none- and ≥2 mASCVD events or by 3.5% between 0-1 and ≥3 high-risk conditions. Interestingly, diabetes was independently associated with outcome in patients with 1- [1.54(1.06-2.24)] and ≥2 mASCVD events [1.71(1.03-2.84)]. The positive predictive values were increased among groups with number of mASCVD event increasing (1.10 vs. 1.54 vs. 1.71). Conclusion: Propitious refinement of ASCVD might be reasonable to improve the survival. Concomitant diabetes was differently associated with the incremental risk among different ASCVD categories, suggesting the need of an appropriate estimate rather than a 'blanket' approach in risk stratification.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35525680

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Till now, the prognostic value of lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains controversial. We therefore conducted this study to evaluate the effect of Lp(a) levels on clinical outcomes in this population. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 10,059 CAD patients who underwent PCI were prospectively enrolled in this cohort study, of which 6564 patients had Lp(a) ≤30 mg/dl and 3495 patients had Lp(a) > 30 mg/dl. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular event (MACCE), defined as a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, stroke or unplanned revascularization. Multivariate Cox regression analysis and propensity-score matching analysis were performed. After propensity-score matching, 3449 pairs of patients were identified, and post-matching absolute standardized differences were <10% for all the covariates. At 2.4 years, the risk of MACCE was significantly higher in patients with elevated Lp(a) levels than those with normal Lp(a) levels in both overall population (13.0% vs. 11.4%; adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 1.142, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.009-1.293; P = 0.040) and propensity-matched cohorts (13.0% vs. 11.2%; HR 1.167, 95%CI 1.019-1.337; P = 0.026). Of note, the predictive value of Lp(a) levels on MACCE tended to be more evident in individuals >65 years or those with left main and/or three-vessel disease. On the contrary, elevated Lp(a) levels had almost no effect on clinical outcomes in patients ≤65 years (P interaction = 0.021) as well as those who had one- or two-vessel coronary artery disease (P interaction = 0.086). CONCLUSION: In CAD patients who underwent PCI, elevated Lp(a) levels were positively related to higher risk of MACCE at 2.4-year follow-up, especially in patients >65 years and those with left main and/or three-vessel disease. REGISTRATION NUMBER: not applicable.

3.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 814873, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35433861

RESUMO

Objective: Jailed balloon technique (JBT) is an active side branch (SB) protection strategy and is considered to be superior to the jailed wire technique (JWT) in reducing SB occlusion. However, no randomized trials have proved that. We aim to investigate whether JBT could decrease the SB occlusion rate. Methods: Conventional versus Intentional straTegy in patients with high Risk prEdiction of Side branch OccLusion in coronary bifurcation interVEntion (CIT-RESOLVE) (NCT02644434, registered on December 31, 2015) (https://clinicaltrials.gov) is a randomized trial that assessed the effects of different strategies on SB occlusion rate in patients with a high risk of SB occlusion. The present subgroup analysis enrolled bifurcation lesions (2 mm ≤ reference vessel diameter of SB < 2.5 mm) with Visual estimation for Risk prEdiction of Side branch OccLusion in coronary bifurcation intervention (V-RESOLVE) score ≥ 12 points. The primary endpoint is SB occlusion. One-year clinical events were compared. Results: A total of 284 subjects at 16 sites were randomly assigned to the JBT group (n = 143) or the JWT group (n = 141). The rate of SB occlusion (9.1 vs. 19.9%, p = 0.02) and periprocedural myocardial infarction (defined by WHO, 7 vs. 14.9%, p = 0.03) is significantly lower in the JBT group than in the JWT group. The JBT and JWT groups showed no significant differences in cardiac death (0.7 vs. 0.7%, p = 1), myocardial infarction (MI, 6.3 vs. 7.1%, p = 0.79), target lesion revascularization (TLR, 1.4 vs. 2.1%, p = 0.68), and major cardiac adverse events (MACE, a composite of all-cause death, MI, or TLR, 8.4 vs. 10.6%, p = 0.52) during a 1-year follow-up. Conclusion: In patients with a high risk of SB occlusion (V-RESOLVE score ≥ 12 points), JBT is superior to JWT in reducing SB occlusion. However, no significant differences were detected in 1-year MACE.

4.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 819460, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35391840

RESUMO

To assess the diagnostic performance of fractional flow reserve (FFR) derived from coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) (CT-FFR) obtained by a new computational fluid dynamics (CFD) algorithm to detect ischemia, using FFR as a reference, and analyze the characteristics of "gray zone" and misdiagnosed lesions. This prospective multicenter clinical trial (NCT03692936, https://clinicaltrials.gov/) analyzed 317 patients with coronary stenosis between 30 and 90% in 366 vessels from five centers undergoing CTA and FFR between November 2018 and March 2020. CT-FFR were obtained from a CFD algorithm (Heartcentury Co., Ltd., Beijing, China). Diagnostic performance of CT-FFR and CTA in detecting ischemia was assessed. Coronary atherosclerosis characteristics of gray zone and misdiagnosed lesions were analyzed. Per-vessel sensitivity, specificity and accuracy for CT-FFR and CTA were 89.9, 87.8, 88.8% and 89.3, 35.5, 60.4%, respectively. Accuracy of CT-FFR was 80.0% in gray zone lesions. In gray zone lesions, lumen area and diameter were significantly larger than lesions with FFR < 0.76 (both p < 0.001), lesion length, non-calcified and calcified plaque volume were all significantly higher than non-ischemic lesions (all p < 0.05). In gray zone lesions, Agatston score (OR = 1.009, p = 0.044) was the risk factor of false negative results of CT-FFR. In non-ischemia lesions, coronary stenosis >50% (OR = 2.684, p = 0.03) was the risk factor of false positive results. Lumen area (OR = 0.567, p = 0.02) and diameter (OR = 0.296, p = 0.03) had a significant negative effect on the risk of false positive results of CT-FFR. In conclusion, CT-FFR based on the new parameter-optimized CFD model provides better diagnostic performance for lesion-specific ischemia than CTA. For gray zone lesions, stenosis degree was less than those with FFR < 0.76, and plaque load was heavier than non-ischemic lesions.

5.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 11(9): e023578, 2022 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35475627

RESUMO

Background Lp(a) (lipoprotein[a]) plays an important role in predicting cardiovascular events in patients with coronary artery disease through its proatherogenic and prothrombotic effects. We hypothesized that prolonged dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) might be beneficial for patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention who had elevated Lp(a) levels. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of Lp(a) on the efficacy and safety of prolonged DAPT versus shortened DAPT in stable patients with coronary artery disease who were treated with a drug-eluting stent. Methods and Results We selected 3201 stable patients with CAD from the prospective Fuwai Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Registry, of which 2124 patients had Lp(a) ≤30 mg/dL, and 1077 patients had Lp(a) >30 mg/dL. Patients were divided into 4 groups according to Lp(a) levels and the duration of DAPT therapy (≤1 year versus >1 year). The primary end point was major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular event, defined as a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, or stroke. The median follow-up time was 2.5 years. Among patients with elevated Lp(a) levels, DAPT >1 year presented lower risk of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular event and definite/probable stent thrombosis compared with DAPT ≤1 year. In contrast, in patients with normal Lp(a) levels, the risks of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular event and definite/probable stent thrombosis were not significantly different between the DAPT >1 year and DAPT ≤1 year groups. Prolonged DAPT had 2.4-times higher risk of clinically relevant bleeding than shortened DAPT in patients with normal Lp(a) levels, although without statistical difference. Conclusions In stable patients with coronary artery disease, who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention with a drug-eluting stent, prolonged DAPT was associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular events among those with elevated Lp(a) levels, whereas it did not show statistically significant evidence of benefit for reducing ischemic events and tended to increase clinically relevant bleeding among those with normal Lp(a) levels.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Lipoproteína(a) , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Angiology ; : 33197221091644, 2022 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35467461

RESUMO

The clinical relevance of coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is poorly understood. We investigated the prevalence, potential predictors, and prognostic significance of CAE in patients with atherosclerotic coronary artery disease. Consecutive patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) from January 2016 to December 2018 were included and followed up for 1 year. CAE was diagnosed as an abnormal dilation >1.5-fold the diameter of adjacent normal segments on angiography. A total of 590 patients with CAE were identified from 36 790 patients undergoing PCI (overall rate of CAE: 1.6%). In multivariate analysis, variables including body mass index >30 kg/m2 (risk ratio, RR: 2.413, P = .018), ever-smoking (RR: 1.669, P < .001), hypertension (RR: 1.221, P = .025), acute myocardial infarction at admission (RR: 1.343, P = .004), no diabetes (RR: .810, P = .023), previous myocardial infarction (RR: 1.545, P < .001), no left main disease (RR: .632, P = .008) and multiple-vessel disease (RR: 1.326, P = .001), increased C-reactive protein (RR: 1.006, P = .012) were predictors of CAE. The incidence of adverse cardiovascular outcomes did not differ significantly between patients with or without CAE (P = .203). CAE is not uncommon among patients undergoing PCI in this cohort study. The presence of CAE vs its absence had no significant impact on 1-year clinical outcomes after PCI.

7.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; 186: 109839, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35331810

RESUMO

AIMS: To compare the prognostic implication of post-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) quantitative flow ratio (QFR) assessment in patients with and without diabetes enrolled in the all-comers, multicenter, randomized controlled PANDA III trial. METHODS: All treated vessels in PANDA III trial were retrospectively assessed for post-PCI QFR. Vessels with available post-PCI QFR were further stratified into DM and non-DM cohorts, and prognostic performance of post-PCI QFR was compared in 2 cohorts. The primary outcome was 2-year vessel-oriented composite endpoint (VOCE), defined as composite of vessel-related cardiac death, vessel-related non-procedural myocardial infarction, and ischemia-driven target vessel revascularization. RESULTS: Of 2,989 treated vessels, 2,227 (74.5%) with available post-PCI QFR were included, while 548 were presence of DM and 1,679 were not. The performance of post-PCI QFR to predict 2-year VOCE were moderate in both DM (area under the curve [AUC] 0.77, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.68 to 0.87) and non-DM cohorts (AUC 0.74, 95% CI: 0.67 to 0.82), while between-cohorts AUC difference was not significant (ΔAUC 0.03, P = 0.65). After multivariate adjustment, vessels with suboptimal post-PCI QFR results (≤0.92) were associated with higher risk of 2-year VOCE in both DM (adjusted HR 6.24, 95% CI: 2.40 to 16.2) and non-DM cohorts (adjusted HR 5.92, 95% CI: 3.28 to 10.7) without significant interaction (P for interaction 0.91). CONCLUSIONS: This study, the first to directly compare clinical value of post-PCI QFR assessments in patients with and without DM, showed that a higher post-PCI QFR value was associated with improved long-term prognosis regardless of the presence of DM. Clinical Trial Registration Information URL: https://www. CLINICALTRIALS: gov; Unique identifier: NCT02017275.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Diabetes Mellitus , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Vasos Coronários , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 797297, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35282356

RESUMO

Background: Patients with previous myocardial infarction (MI) have a poor prognosis and stratification for recurrent major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) among these patients is of considerable interest. N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) are considered to be potential cardiovascular risk factors, but less is known about their prognostic importance in post-MI patients. This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of NT-proBNP and hs-CRP alone or together in patients who reported a prior MI. Methods: In this prospective study, we consecutively enrolled 3,306 post-MI patients to assess the recurrent MACE. The predictive values of NT-proBNP and hs-CRP alone and together were assessed by multivariable Cox regression using hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: During the 4-year follow-up period, 335 patients developed recurrent MACE. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed a significant correlation between NT-proBNP levels and MACE (HR: 2.99, 95%CI: 2.06-4.36, p < 0.001), hard endpoints (HR: 5.44, 95%CI: 2.99-9.90, p < 0.001), cardiac mortality (HR: 5.92, 95%CI: 2.34-14.96, p < 0.001) and all-cause mortality (HR: 5.03, 95%CI: 2.51-10.09, p < 0.001). However, hs-CRP was not an independent predictor after adjusting for NT-proBNP. When patients were divided into six groups by using tertiles values of NT-proBNP and median values of hsCRP, patients with high NT-proBNP/hs-CRP values were 3.27 times more likely to experience MACE than patients with low NT-proBNP/hs-CRP values. The addition of NT-proBNP and hs-CRP to a prognostic model revealed a significant improvement in C-statistic, net reclassification, and integrated discrimination. Conclusions: Increased NT-proBNP levels were associated with long-term worse outcomes and the combination of NT-proBNP and hs-CRP has an incremental value in the further risk stratification of post-MI patients.

9.
Int J Cardiol ; 352: 33-39, 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35101540

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The simulated residual quantitative flow ratio (QFR) computed from pre-intervention three-dimensional (3-D) coronary angiograms, which could theoretically predict actual post-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) QFR value, can be used for enhanced PCI via augmented reality. The study sought to investigate the concordance between simulated residual QFR and actual post-PCI QFR, and the prognostic value of simulated residual QFR. METHODS: QFR assessment was retrospectively performed in treated vessels from the all-comers PANDA III trial. Three-step analysis was performed: 1) concordance between simulated residual QFR and post-PCI QFR; 2) prognostic value of simulated residual QFR; and 3) forecast of outcomes by virtual randomized controlled trials (RCTs) between residual QFR and angiographic guidance. RESULTS: Of 2989 treated vessels, 2146 (71.8%) with paired analyzable simulated residual QFR and post-PCI QFR were included. The simulated residual QFR and post-PCI QFR were strongly correlated (r = 0.976). Low simulated residual QFR (≤0.92) was independently associated with higher risk of 2-year vessel-oriented composite endpoint (adjusted hazard ratio: 5.50; 95% confidence interval: 3.03 to 10.0). Based upon 5000 iterations of virtual RCTs, simulated residual QFR-guided strategy was anticipated to have a 2.6% absolute reduction of 2-year incidence of target vessel failure compared with the angiography-guided strategy. CONCLUSIONS: With high consistency to actual post-PCI QFR, the simulated residual QFR computed from pre-PCI 3-D coronary angiograms and augmented reality could predict functional outcome of the procedure and 2-year prognosis. Using data from PANDA III trial, the present study forecasted superiority of residual QFR-guided PCI strategy over angiographic guidance. Clinical Trial Registration Information URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT02017275.


Assuntos
Realidade Aumentada , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 99 Suppl 1: 1386-1394, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35043569

RESUMO

This study sought to investigate the dynamic functional changes of coronary intermediate lesions using quantitative flow ratio (QFR) and its implication on long-term clinical outcomes. Physiology-guided percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with angiographic intermediate lesions has been associated with favorable outcomes. This study consecutively enrolled 1130 patients with deferred intermediate lesions at baseline angiography and subsequently received second-time angiography between 9 months and 2 years later from two centers in China. The functional changes of intermediate lesions at angiographic follow-up (ΔQFR) were defined as (baseline QFR-follow-up QFR)/years. The primary outcome was vessel-oriented composite endpoint (VOCE), defined as the composite of vessel-related cardiac death, vessel-related myocardial infarction (MI), and ischemia-driven target vessel revascularization (ID-TVR) at angiographic follow-up for up to 5 years. Retrospective QFR assessment was available in 820 patients (996 intermediate lesions). QFR ≤ 0.80 at second-time angiography was associated with significantly higher 5-year VOCE (41.9% vs. 13.4%, p < 0.0001). In 777 intermediate lesions with baseline QFR > 0.80, mean ΔQFR was 0.03 ± 0.07 (median: 0.006; Q1: 0; and Q3: 0.04). The optimal cutoff of ΔQFR for predicting the primary outcome was 0.03 (area under the curve [AUC]: 0.68). The cumulative event rate of VOCE in patients with ΔQFR ≥ 0.03 was significantly higher than in those with ΔQFR < 0.03 (33.8% vs. 12.2%, p < 0.0001), driven by higher vessel-related MI and ID-TVR. The ΔQFR was a useful tool for evaluating the dynamic functional change of deferred intermediate lesions, as it demonstrates good prognostic value for long-term target vessel-related adverse events.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Estenose Coronária , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/etiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Vasos Coronários , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 99 Suppl 1: 1456-1464, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35077594

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of intra-aortic balloon pumps (IABP) on patients with cardiogenic shock in an intensive care unit setting. BACKGROUND: IABP counterpulsation is a widely used mechanical circulatory support device, but its performance has been questioned. However, current evidence of IABP use in cardiogenic shock is very limited (mainly from the IABP-SHOCK II trial), which was restricted to cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction. METHODS: This was a retrospective, real-world, cohort study based on the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care III database. Adult patients with a diagnosis of cardiogenic shock were eligible. RESULTS: A total of 1028 patients with cardiogenic shock were assessed, including 384 patients who received IABP and 644 patients who did not. The in-hospital mortality was significantly lower in patients who received IABP (adjusted odds ratio: 0.75, 95% confidence interval: 0.62-0.91, p = 0.009). Analysis of secondary endpoints found that the use of IABP was associated with a significantly lower risk of 1-year mortality. After propensity score matching, the in-hospital mortality remained significantly lower in the IABP group (28.10% vs. 37.59%, p = 0.018). CONCLUSIONS: In the current cohort, IABP treatment was associated with a lower risk of in-hospital mortality in patients with cardiogenic shock. Due to the complexity of pathophysiology in cardiogenic shock and the discrepancies in current evidence, our results should be validated through further studies in the future.


Assuntos
Balão Intra-Aórtico , Choque Cardiogênico , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Choque Cardiogênico/diagnóstico , Choque Cardiogênico/etiologia , Choque Cardiogênico/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 99 Suppl 1: 1465-1472, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35094485

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the risk of side branch (SB) occlusion using the V-RESOLVE (The Visual Estimation for Risk prEdiction of Side Branch OccLusion in Coronary Bifurcation interVEntion) score in unprotected left main (LM) bifurcation percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: The V-RESOLVE score is a validated score system, based on visual estimation of angiographic data, for prediction of the risk of SB occlusion after main vessel (MV) stenting in non-LM bifurcation lesions. However, its predictive value for unprotected LM bifurcation lesions remains to be validated. METHODS: From January 2014 to December 2016, 855 patients undergoing unprotected LM bifurcation PCI using a provisional strategy were included. Baseline and prestenting angiographic data were analyzed, and the V-RESOLVE score was calculated. SB occlusion was defined as any decrease in thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow grade or the absence of flow in the SB after MV stenting. The predictive performance of the V-RESOLVE score was judged by discrimination, calibration, and clinical application. RESULTS: vSB occlusion occurred in 19 (2.2%) of 855 unprotected LM bifurcation PCI procedures using a provisional strategy. The V-RESOLVE score for SB occlusion had brilliant discrimination (the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve = 0.80, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.77-0.84) and good calibration (Hosmer-Lemeshow: p = 0.154). Stratified by the V-RESOLVE score, significantly higher rates of SB occlusion were observed in the high-risk group (score: 12-43) compared with the nonhigh-risk group (score: 0-11) (4.4% vs. 0.6%, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The V-RESOLVE score is a promising tool to predict the risk of SB occlusion and facilitate decision-making for unprotected LM bifurcation PCI.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Oclusão Coronária , Estenose Coronária , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Oclusão Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Oclusão Coronária/terapia , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 21(1): 9, 2022 01 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35045850

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is a rare finding in coronary angiography and associated with poor clinical outcomes. Unlike atherosclerosis, diabetes mellitus (DM) is not commonly associated with CAE. This study aims to investigate the effect of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) on coronary artery ectasia, especially the differences in angiographic characteristics and clinical outcomes. METHODS: Patients with angiographically confirmed CAE from 2009 to 2015 were included. Quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) was performed to measure the diameter and length of the dilated lesion. The primary endpoint was the maximum diameter and maximum length of the dilated lesion at baseline coronary angiography. The secondary endpoint was 5-year major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), which was a component of cardiovascular death and nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI). Propensity score weighting (PSW) and propensity score matching (PSM) were used to balance covariates. Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression were performed to assess the clinical outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 1128 patients were included and 258 were combined with DM2. In the DM2 group, the maximum diameter of dilated lesion was significantly lower (5.26 mm vs. 5.47 mm, P = 0.004) and the maximum length of the dilated lesion was significantly shorter (25.20 mm vs. 31.34 mm, P = 0.002). This reduction in dilated lesion diameter (5.26 mm vs. 5.41 mm, P = 0.050 in PSW; 5.26 mm vs. 5.46 mm, P = 0.007 in PSM, respectively) and length (25.17 mm vs. 30.17 mm, P = 0.010 in PSW; 25.20 mm vs. 30.81 mm, P = 0.012 in PSM, respectively) was consistently observed in the propensity score analysis. A total of 27 cardiovascular deaths and 41 myocardial infarctions occurred at 5-year follow-up. Compared with non-DM group, there were similar risks of MACE (6.02% vs. 6.27%; HR 0.96, 95% CI 0.54-1.71, P = 0.894), cardiovascular death (2.05% vs. 2.61%; HR 0.78, 95% CI 0.29-2.05, P = 0.605) and MI (4.07% vs. 3.72%; HR 1.11, 95% CI 0.54-2.26, P = 0.782) in patients with DM2. Consistent result was observed in multivariable regression. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to non-DM patients, patients with CAE and type 2 diabetes were associated with a smaller diameter and shorter length of dilated vessels, suggesting the important effect of DM2 on the pathophysiological process of CAE. Similar risks of MACE were found during 5-year follow up among diabetic and non-DM patients.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Idoso , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Dilatação Patológica , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
14.
J Interv Cardiol ; 2022: 3895205, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35095347

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of real-world data regarding the clinical impact of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) interruption (temporary or permanent) among patients at high ischemic risk. The aim of this study was to assess the risk of cardiovascular events after interruption of DAPT in high-risk PCI population. METHODS: This study used data from the Fuwai PCI registry, a large, prospective cohort of consecutive patients who underwent PCI. We assessed 3,931 patients with at least 1 high ischemic risk criteria of stent-related recurrent ischemic events proposed in the 2017 ESC guidelines for focused update on DAPT who were free of major cardiac events in the first 12 months. The primary ischemic endpoint was 30-month major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events, and the key safety endpoints were BARC class 2, 3, or 5 bleeding and net adverse clinical events. RESULTS: DAPT interruption within 12 months occurred in 1,122 patients (28.5%), most of which were due to bleeding events or patients' noncompliance to treatment. A multivariate Cox regression model, propensity score (PS) matching, and inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) based on the propensity score demonstrated that DAPT interruption significantly increased the risk of primary ischemic endpoint compared with prolonged DAPT (3.9% vs. 2.2%; Cox-adjusted hazard ratio (HR): 1.840; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.247 to 2.716; PS matching-HR: 2.049 [1.236-3.399]; IPTW-adjusted HR: 1.843 [1.250-2.717]). This difference was driven mainly by all-cause death (1.8% vs. 0.7%) and MI (1.3% vs. 0.5%). Furthermore, the rate of net adverse clinical events (4.9% vs. 3.2%; Cox-adjusted HR: 1.581 [1.128-2.216]; PS matching-HR: 1.639 [1.075-2.499]; IPTW-adjusted HR: 1.554 [1.110-2.177]) was also higher in patients with DAPT interruption (≤12 months), whereas no significant differences between groups were observed in terms of BARC 2, 3, or 5 bleeding. These findings were consistent across various stent-driven high-ischemic risk subsets with respect to the primary ischemic endpoints, with a greater magnitude of harm among patients with diffuse multivessel diabetic coronary artery disease. CONCLUSIONS: In patients undergoing high-risk PCI, interruption of DAPT in the first 12 months occurred infrequently and was associated with a significantly higher adjusted risk of major adverse cardiovascular events and net adverse clinical events. 2017 ESC stent-driven high ischemic risk criteria may help clinicians to discriminate patient selection in the use of long-term DAPT when the ischemic risk certainly overcomes the bleeding one.


Assuntos
Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Stents/efeitos adversos
15.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 99(1): E12-E21, 2022 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34652068

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prognostic implications of atherosclerosis functional pattern on ischemia-causing vessels received percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or conservative treatment. BACKGROUND: Quantitative flow ratio (QFR)-derived pullback pressure gradient (PPG) index is recently proposed to characterize atherosclerosis functional pattern, but its prognostic value remains unclear. METHODS: QFR-derived PPG index was retrospectively calculated in patients from the PANDA III trial. Vessels with low or high PPG treated by PCI or not were compared for the risk of 2-year vessel-oriented composite outcome (VOCO), which was a composite of vessel-related ischemia-driven revascularization, vessel-related myocardial infarction, or cardiac death. RESULTS: A total of 1444 vessels were included while 94 (6.5%) VOCOs occurred within 2 years. Among physiologically ischemic vessels (QFR ≤ 0.80) treated by PCI, those with low PPG acquired higher VOCO risk than those with high PPG (8.4% vs. 3.8%; adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 2.13, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.18 to 3.86), and a similar VOCO risk (8.4% vs. 7.8%; adjusted HR 1.11, 95%CI 0.70-1.78) compared to those treated by conservatively. After multiple adjustment, PPG index was an independent predictor for VOCO (HR 1.30, 95% CI 1.05-1.62). The addition of PPG to the model of clinical risk factors substantially improved the predictions of VOCO (C-index 0.67 vs. 0.62, net reclassification index 0.42). CONCLUSIONS: PCI treatment was associated with improved outcomes in vessels with high PPG, but not for those with low PPG, which acquired similar risk of VOCO compared to vessels treated conservatively. QFR-derived PPG might assist the treatment strategy selection in ischemia-causing vessels.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 99(1): 98-113, 2022 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33909311

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the association of extended-term (>12-month) versus short-term dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with ischemic and hemorrhagic events in high-risk "TWILIGHT-like" patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in clinical practice. BACKGROUND: Recent emphasis on shorter DAPT regimen after PCI irrespective of indication for PCI may fail to account for the substantial residual risk of recurrent atherothrombotic events in ACS patients. METHODS: All consecutive patients fulfilling the "TWILIGHT-like" criteria undergoing PCI were identified from the prospective Fuwai PCI Registry. High-risk patients (n = 8,358) were defined by at least one clinical and one angiographic feature based on TWILIGHT trial selection criteria. The primary ischemic endpoint was major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events at 30 months, composed of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, or stroke while BARC type 2, 3, or 5 bleeding was key secondary outcome. RESULTS: Of 4,875 high-risk ACS patients who remained event-free at 12 months after PCI, DAPT>12-month compared with shorter DAPT reduced the primary ischemic endpoint by 63% (1.5 vs. 3.8%; HRadj: 0.374, 95% CI: 0.256-0.548; HRmatched: 0.361, 95% CI: 0.221-0.590). The HR for cardiovascular death was 0.049 (0.007-0.362) and that for MI 0.45 (0.153-1.320) and definite/probable stent thrombosis 0.296 (0.080-1.095) in propensity-matched analyses. Rates of BARC type 2, 3, or 5 bleeding (0.9 vs. 1.3%; HRadj: 0.668 [0.379-1.178]; HRmatched: 0.721 [0.369-1.410]) did not differ significantly between two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Among high-risk ACS patients undergoing PCI, long-term DAPT, compared with shorter DAPT, reduced ischemic events without a concomitant increase in clinically meaning bleeding events, suggesting that prolonged DAPT can be considered in ACS patients who present with a particularly higher risk for thrombotic complications without excessive risk of bleeding.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
J Atheroscler Thromb ; 29(4): 502-526, 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33746144

RESUMO

AIMS: The ESC/EACTS myocardial revascularization guidelines recently standardized the definition of patients at high ischemic risk (HIR). However, the ability of ESC/EACTS-HIR criteria to stratify ischemic and bleeding risk in a contemporary real-world East Asian cohort remains unexplored. METHODS: A total of 10,167 consecutive patients undergoing PCI from prospective Fuwai PCI Registry (January 2013 to December 2013) were reviewed. ESC/EACTS-HIR features was defined as having at least one of the eight clinical and angiographic characteristics. The primary ischemic endpoint was target vessel failure (cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction [MI], or target vessel revascularization [TVR]); bleeding outcome was assessed using the BARC type 2, 3, or 5 bleeding. Median follow-up was 29 months. RESULTS: Compared with non-HIR patients, HIR patients (n=5,149, 50.6%) were associated with increased risk for target vessel failure (adjusted hazard ratio [HRadjust]: 1.48 [1.25-1.74]) and patient-oriented composite outcome (HRadjust: 1.44 [1.28-1.63]), as well as cardiac death, MI, and TVR. By contrast, the risk of clinically relevant bleeding was not significantly different between the two groups. (HRadjust: 0.84 [0.66-1.06]). Greater than or equal to three implanted stents and diabetic patients with diffuse multivessel coronary disease emerged as independent predictors for long-term adverse outcomes. There was no significant interaction between high bleeding risk (HBR) status and clinical outcomes associated with ESC/EACTS-HIR criteria (all Pinteraction >0.05). CONCLUSION: The ESC/EACTS-HIR features identified patients at increased risk of thrombotic events, including cardiac death, but not for clinically relevant bleeding. Importantly, HBR did not modify cardiovascular risk subsequent to patients with ESC/EACTS-HIR features, suggesting its potential clinical applicability in tailoring antithrombotic therapy.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/etiologia , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos adversos , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
EuroIntervention ; 17(15): 1240-1251, 2022 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34219669

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Quantitative flow ratio (QFR) is a novel angiography-based physiological index for fast computation of fractional flow reserve without the use of a pressure wire or induction of hyperaemia. AIMS: We sought to investigate the prevalence and prognostic implications of achieving physiology-consistent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) according to the baseline angiographic QFR in an all-comers cohort. METHODS: QFR was retrospectively analysed from the angiograms of 1,391 patients enrolled in the randomised PANDA III trial. Patients in whom all functionally ischaemic vessels (baseline QFR ≤0.80) were treated and in whom all non-ischaemic vessels (baseline QFR >0.80) were deferred were termed as having had QFR-consistent treatment; otherwise, they were termed as having had QFR-inconsistent treatment. The major outcome was two-year major adverse cardiac events (MACE; a composite of all-cause death, all myocardial infarction (MI), or any ischaemia-driven revascularisation). RESULTS: Overall, 814 (58.5%) patients had QFR-consistent PCI, while 577 (41.5%) patients received QFR-inconsistent PCI. Patients with QFR-consistent versus those with QFR-inconsistent treatment had a lower risk of two-year MACE (8.4% vs 14.7%; hazard ratio [HR] 0.56, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.41-0.78). After adjusting for differences in baseline covariates, two-year rates of MACE remained significantly lower in the QFR-consistent group (8.8% vs 13.6%; adjusted HR 0.64, 95% CI: 0.44-0.93), due mainly to reduced ischaemia-driven revascularisation (2.9% vs 8.0%; adjusted HR 0.35, 95% CI: 0.20-0.60). CONCLUSIONS: In this post hoc analysis of an all-comers PCI trial, approximately 60% of patients were treated in accordance with what the QFR measurement would have recommended, the achievement of which was associated with improved two-year clinical outcomes. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02017275.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Estenose Coronária , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Estenose Coronária/etiologia , Vasos Coronários , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 768190, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34881313

RESUMO

Background: Patients undergoing complex percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have an increased risk of cardiovascular events. Whether potent antiplatelet therapy after complex PCI improves outcomes in patients with stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) remains unclear. Objectives: To assess the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor vs. clopidogrel in patients with SCAD undergoing complex PCI. Methods: Patients with a diagnosis of SCAD and undergoing PCI during January 2016 to December 2018 were selected from an institutional registry. The primary efficacy endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE) within 12 months after PCI. The primary safety endpoint was major bleeding. Results: Among 15,459 patients with SCAD included in this analysis, complex PCI was performed in 6,335 (41.0%) patients. Of patients undergoing complex PCI, 1,123 patients (17.7%) were treated with ticagrelor. The primary efficacy outcome after complex PCI occurred in 8.6% of patients in the ticagrelor group and 11.2% in the clopidogrel group. Compared with clopidogrel, ticagrelor decreased the risk of MACE in patients undergoing complex PCI [adjusted hazard ratio (HR): 0.764; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.615 to 0.949; p = 0.015], but not in non-complex PCI (p for interaction = 0.001). There was no significant difference in incidence of major bleeding between patients treated with ticagrelor and clopidogrel (p = 0.221), while ticagrelor was associated with an increased risk of minor bleeding (adjusted HR: 3.099; 95% CI: 2.049 to 4.687; p < 0.001). Conclusion: In patients with SCAD and undergoing complex PCI, ticagrelor could substantially reduce the risk of adverse cardiovascular outcomes without increasing the risk of major bleeding compared with clopidogrel.

20.
J Cardiovasc Dev Dis ; 8(12)2021 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34940541

RESUMO

Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is a rare finding and is associated with poor clinical outcomes. However, prognostic factors are not well studied and no prognostication tool is available. In a derivation set comprising 729 consecutive CAE patients between January 2009 and June 2014, a nomogram was developed using Cox regression. Total of 399 patients from July 2014 to December 2015 formed the validation set. The primary outcome was 5-year major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), a component of cardiovascular death and nonfatal myocardial infarction. Besides the clinical factors, we used quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) and defined QCA classification of four types, according to max diameter (< or ≥5 mm) and max length ratio (ratio of lesion length to vessel length, < or ≥1/3) of the dilated lesion. A total of 27 cardiovascular deaths and 41 nonfatal myocardial infarctions occurred at 5-year follow-up. The nomogram effectively predicted 5-year MACE risk using predictors including age, prior PCI, high sensitivity C-reactive protein, N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide, and QCA classification (area under curve [AUC] 0.75, 95% CI 0.68-0.82 in the derivation set; AUC 0.71, 95% CI 0.56-0.86 in the validation set). Patients were classified as high-risk if prognostic scores were ≥155 and the Kaplan-Meier curves were well separated (log-rank p < 0.001 in both sets). Calibration curve and Hosmer-Lemeshow test indicated similarity between predicted and actual 5-year MACE survival (p = 0.90 in the derivation and p = 0.47 in the validation set). This study developed and validated a simple-to-use method for assessing 5-year MACE risk in patients with CAE.

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