Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 51
Filtrar
Filtros adicionais











Intervalo de ano
1.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 115(48): 12118-12123, 2018 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30429318

RESUMO

Intracellular transport of cellular proteins and organelles is critical for establishing and maintaining intracellular organization and cell physiology. Apoptosis is a process of programmed cell death with dramatic changes in cell morphology and organization, during which signaling molecules are transported between different organelles within the cells. However, how the intracellular transport changes in cells undergoing apoptosis remains unknown. Here, we study the dynamics of intracellular transport by using the single-particle tracking method and find that both directed and diffusive motions of endocytic vesicles are accelerated in early apoptotic cells. With careful elimination of other factors involved in the intracellular transport, the reason for the acceleration is attributed to the elevation of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) concentration. More importantly, we show that the accelerated intracellular transport is critical for apoptosis, and apoptosis is delayed when the dynamics of intracellular transport is regulated back to the normal level. Our results demonstrate the important role of transport dynamics in apoptosis and shed light on the apoptosis mechanism from a physical perspective.

2.
J Biol Chem ; 2018 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30425099

RESUMO

LATERAL ORGAN BOUNDARIES DOMAIN (LBD) proteins, a family of plant-specific transcription factors harboring a conserved LOB domain, are regulators of plant organ development. Recent studies have unraveled additional pivotal roles of the LBD protein family beyond defining lateral organ boundaries, such as pollen development and nitrogen metabolism. The structural basis for the molecular network of LBD-dependent processes remains to be deciphered. Here, we solved the first structure of the homodimeric LOB domain of Ramosa2 from wheat (TtRa2LD) to 1.9 Å resolution. Our crystal structure reveals structural features shared with other zinc-finger transcriptional factors, as well as some features unique to LBD proteins. Formation of the TtRa2LD homodimer relied on hydrophobic interactions of its coiled-coil motifs. Several specific motifs/domains of the LBD protein were also involved in maintaining its overall conformation. The intricate assembly within and between the monomers determined the precise spatial configuration of the two zinc fingers that recognize palindromic DNA sequences. Biochemical, molecular modeling, and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) experiments indicated that dimerization is important for cooperative DNA binding and discrimination of palindromic DNA through a molecular calipers mechanism. Along with previously published data, this study enables us to establish an atomic-scale mechanistic model for LBD proteins as transcriptional regulators in plants.

3.
J Phys Chem B ; 122(41): 9499-9506, 2018 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30269502

RESUMO

The G-triplex is a kind of DNA structure formed by G-rich sequences. Previous studies have shown that it is an intermediate for the folding of G-quadruplex and has an antiparallel structure. The folding dynamics of this G-triplex structure, however, have not been well studied until now. In addition, whether a parallel G-triplex structure exists, remains unknown. In this study, by using single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer and circular dichroism spectroscopy methods, we have studied the folding dynamics of the G-triplex and revealed at the single-molecule level, for the first time, that G-triplexes have both parallel and antiparallel structures. Moreover, we have investigated the effects of proximal DNA on G-triplex folding. We have found that both single-stranded TTA and double-stranded DNA at either end of a G-triplex sequence can reduce its folding speed. More interestingly, when located at the 5' end of a G-triplex sequence, the proximal DNA will favor the folding of parallel over antiparallel G-triplex structures. As G-triplex is an intermediate for G-quadruplex folding, the present results may also shed new light on the folding properties of G-quadruplex structures, in terms of dynamics, stability, and the effects of proximal DNA.

4.
Structure ; 26(3): 403-415.e4, 2018 03 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29429875

RESUMO

Helicase DHX36 plays essential roles in cell development and differentiation at least partially by resolving G-quadruplex (G4) structures. Here we report crystal structures of the Drosophila homolog of DHX36 (DmDHX36) in complex with RNA and a series of DNAs. By combining structural, small-angle X-ray scattering, molecular dynamics simulation, and single-molecule fluorescence studies, we revealed that positively charged amino acids in RecA2 and OB-like domains constitute an elaborate structural pocket at the nucleic acid entrance, in which negatively charged G4 DNA is tightly bound and partially destabilized. The G4 DNA is then completely unfolded through the 3'-5' translocation activity of the helicase. Furthermore, crystal structures and DNA binding assays show that G-rich DNA is preferentially recognized and in the presence of ATP, specifically bound by DmDHX36, which may cooperatively enhance the G-rich DNA translocation and G4 unfolding. On the basis of these results, a conceptual G4 DNA-resolving mechanism is proposed.

5.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 46(3): 1486-1500, 2018 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29202194

RESUMO

The Saccharomyces cerevisiae Pif1 protein (ScPif1p) is the prototypical member of the Pif1 family of DNA helicases. ScPif1p is involved in the maintenance of mitochondrial, ribosomal and telomeric DNA and suppresses genome instability at G-quadruplex motifs. Here, we report the crystal structures of a truncated ScPif1p (ScPif1p237-780) in complex with different ssDNAs. Our results have revealed that a yeast-specific insertion domain protruding from the 2B domain folds as a bundle bearing an α-helix, α16. The α16 helix regulates the helicase activities of ScPif1p through interactions with the previously identified loop3. Furthermore, a biologically relevant dimeric structure has been identified, which can be further specifically stabilized by G-quadruplex DNA. Basing on structural analyses and mutational studies with DNA binding and unwinding assays, a potential G-quadruplex DNA binding site in ScPif1p monomers is suggested. Our results also show that ScPif1p uses the Q-motif to preferentially hydrolyze ATP, and a G-rich tract is preferentially recognized by more residues, consistent with previous biochemical observations. These findings provide a structural and mechanistic basis for understanding the multifunctional ScPif1p.

6.
FEBS J ; 284(23): 4051-4065, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28986969

RESUMO

Non-canonical four-stranded G-quadruplex (G4) DNA structures can form in G-rich sequences that are widely distributed throughout the genome. The presence of G4 structures can impair DNA replication by hindering the progress of replicative polymerases (Pols), and failure to resolve these structures can lead to genetic instability. In the present study, we combined different approaches to address the question of whether and how Escherichia coli Pol I resolves G4 obstacles during DNA replication and/or repair. We found that E. coli Pol I-catalyzed DNA synthesis could be arrested by G4 structures at low protein concentrations and the degree of inhibition was strongly dependent on the stability of the G4 structures. Interestingly, at high protein concentrations, E. coli Pol I was able to overcome some kinds of G4 obstacles without the involvement of other molecules and could achieve complete replication of G4 DNA. Mechanistic studies suggested that multiple Pol I proteins might be implicated in G4 unfolding, and the disruption of G4 structures requires energy derived from dNTP hydrolysis. The present work not only reveals an unrealized function of E. coli Pol I, but also presents a possible mechanism by which G4 structures can be resolved during DNA replication and/or repair in E. coli.


Assuntos
DNA Polimerase I/metabolismo , Replicação do DNA , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Quadruplex G , Sequência de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Bacteriano/metabolismo , Modelos Genéticos , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico
7.
Biosci Rep ; 37(4)2017 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28588052

RESUMO

G-quadruplexes are special structures existing at the ends of human telomeres, the folding kinetics of which are essential for their functions, such as in the maintenance of genome stability and the protection of chromosome ends. In the present study, we investigated the folding kinetics of G-quadruplex in different monovalent cation environments and determined the detailed kinetic parameters for Na+- and K+-induced G-quadruplex folding, and for its structural transition from the basket-type Na+ form to the hybrid-type K+ form. More interestingly, although Li+ was often used in previous studies of G-quadruplex folding as a control ion supposed to have no effect, we have found that Li+ can actually influence the folding kinetics of both Na+- and K+-induced G-quadruplexes significantly and in different ways, by changing the folding fraction of Na+-induced G-quadruplexes and greatly increasing the folding rates of K+-induced G-quadruplexes. The present study may shed new light on the roles of monovalent cations in G-quadruplex folding and should be useful for further studies of the underlying folding mechanism.


Assuntos
Quadruplex G , Lítio/química , Potássio/química , Sódio/química , Cátions Monovalentes/química , Cinética
8.
Sci Rep ; 7: 43954, 2017 03 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28266653

RESUMO

Werner syndrome is caused by mutations in the WRN gene encoding WRN helicase. A knowledge of WRN helicase's DNA unwinding mechanism in vitro is helpful for predicting its behaviors in vivo, and then understanding their biological functions. In the present study, for deeply understanding the DNA unwinding mechanism of WRN, we comprehensively characterized the DNA unwinding properties of chicken WRN helicase core in details, by taking advantages of single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer (smFRET) method. We showed that WRN exhibits repetitive DNA unwinding and translocation behaviors on different DNA structures, including forked, overhanging and G-quadruplex-containing DNAs with an apparently limited unwinding processivity. It was further revealed that the repetitive behaviors were caused by reciprocating of WRN along the same ssDNA, rather than by complete dissociation from and rebinding to substrates or by strand switching. The present study sheds new light on the mechanism for WRN functioning.


Assuntos
Galinhas , DNA Helicases/metabolismo , DNA/metabolismo , Helicase da Síndrome de Werner/metabolismo , Animais , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência , Imagem Individual de Molécula
9.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 478(3): 1153-7, 2016 09 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27543204

RESUMO

Recombinase-mediated homologous recombination (HR) in which strands are exchanged between two similar or identical DNA molecules is essential for maintaining genome fidelity and generating genetic diversity. It is believed that HR comprises two distinct stages: an initial alignment with stringent homology checking followed by stepwise heteroduplex expansion. If and how homology checking takes place during heteroduplex expansion, however, remains unknown. In addition, the number of base pairs (bp) involved in each step is still under debate. By using single-molecule approaches to catch transient intermediates in RecA-mediated HR with different degrees of homology, we show that (i) the expansion proceeds with step sizes of multiples of 3 bp, (ii) the step sizes follow wide distributions that are similar to that of initial alignment lengths, and (iii) each distribution can be divided into a short-scale and a long-scale part irrespective of the degree of homology. Our results suggest an iterative mechanism of strand exchange in which ssDNA-RecA filament interrogates double-stranded DNA using a short tract (6-15 bp) for quick checking and a long tract (>18 bp) for stringent sequence comparison. The present work provides novel insights into the physical and structural bases of DNA recombination.


Assuntos
Recombinação Homóloga , Recombinases Rec A/química , Recombinases Rec A/metabolismo , Homologia de Sequência do Ácido Nucleico , Pareamento Incorreto de Bases , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Ácidos Nucleicos Heteroduplexes
10.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 44(17): 8385-94, 2016 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27471032

RESUMO

Alternative DNA structures that deviate from B-form double-stranded DNA such as G-quadruplex (G4) DNA can be formed by G-rich sequences that are widely distributed throughout the human genome. We have previously shown that Pif1p not only unfolds G4, but also unwinds the downstream duplex DNA in a G4-stimulated manner. In the present study, we further characterized the G4-stimulated duplex DNA unwinding phenomenon by means of single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer. It was found that Pif1p did not unwind the partial duplex DNA immediately after unfolding the upstream G4 structure, but rather, it would dwell at the ss/dsDNA junction with a 'waiting time'. Further studies revealed that the waiting time was in fact related to a protein dimerization process that was sensitive to ssDNA sequence and would become rapid if the sequence is G-rich. Furthermore, we identified that the G-rich sequence, as the G4 structure, equally stimulates duplex DNA unwinding. The present work sheds new light on the molecular mechanism by which G4-unwinding helicase Pif1p resolves physiological G4/duplex DNA structures in cells.


Assuntos
Biocatálise , DNA Helicases/metabolismo , DNA de Cadeia Simples/metabolismo , DNA/metabolismo , Quadruplex G , Desnaturação de Ácido Nucleico , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Sequência de Bases , Replicação do DNA , Multimerização Proteica , Especificidade por Substrato , Fatores de Tempo
11.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 44(9): 4330-9, 2016 05 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27098034

RESUMO

Pif1 is a prototypical member of the 5' to 3' DNA helicase family conserved from bacteria to human. It has a high binding affinity for DNA, but unwinds double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) with a low processivity. Efficient DNA unwinding has been observed only at high protein concentrations that favor dimerization of Pif1. In this research, we used single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer (smFRET) and magnetic tweezers (MT) to study the DNA unwinding activity of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Pif1 (Pif1) under different forces exerted on the tails of a forked dsDNA. We found that Pif1 can unwind the forked DNA repetitively for many unwinding-rezipping cycles at zero force. However, Pif1 was found to have a very limited processivity in each cycle because it loosened its strong association with the tracking strand readily, which explains why Pif1 cannot be observed to unwind DNA efficiently in bulk assays at low protein concentrations. The force enhanced the unwinding rate and the total unwinding length of Pif1 significantly. With a force of 9 pN, the rate and length were enhanced by more than 3- and 20-fold, respectively. Our results imply that the DNA unwinding activity of Pif1 can be regulated by force. The relevance of this characteristic of Pif1 to its cellular functions is discussed.


Assuntos
DNA Helicases/química , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/química , Trifosfato de Adenosina/química , DNA Fúngico/química , Cinética , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/enzimologia
12.
ACS Omega ; 1(2): 244-250, 2016 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30023477

RESUMO

G-Quadruplex DNA structure has been proven to be a binding target for small molecular organic compounds and hence regarded as a promising pharmacological target. Cisplatin is a widely used chemotherapy drug that targets duplex DNA and was recently shown to react also with G-quadruplex, implying that cisplatin actually may also target G-quadruplex. In this work, we employed magnetic tweezers to investigate the influence of cisplatin on the folding kinetics of single human telomeric G-quadruplex. It was revealed that cisplatin and G-quadruplex interact in two different and competitive ways that depend on cisplatin concentration.

13.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 43(18): 8942-54, 2015 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26384418

RESUMO

ScPif1 DNA helicase is the prototypical member of a 5'-to-3' helicase superfamily conserved from bacteria to human and plays various roles in the maintenance of genomic homeostasis. While many studies have been performed with eukaryotic Pif1 helicases, including yeast and human Pif1 proteins, the potential functions and biochemical properties of prokaryotic Pif1 helicases remain largely unknown. Here, we report the expression, purification and biochemical analysis of Pif1 helicase from Bacteroides sp. 3_1_23 (BsPif1). BsPif1 binds to a large panel of DNA substrates and, in particular, efficiently unwinds partial duplex DNAs with 5'-overhang, fork-like substrates, D-loop and flap-like substrates, suggesting that BsPif1 may act at stalled DNA replication forks and enhance Okazaki fragment maturation. Like its eukaryotic homologues, BsPif1 resolves R-loop structures and unwinds DNA-RNA hybrids. Furthermore, BsPif1 efficiently unfolds G-quadruplexes and disrupts nucleoprotein complexes. Altogether, these results highlight that prokaryotic Pif1 helicases may resolve common issues that arise during DNA transactions. Interestingly, we found that BsPif1 is different from yeast Pif1, but resembles more human Pif1 with regard to substrate specificity, helicase activity and mode of action. These findings are discussed in the context of the possible functions of prokaryotic Pif1 helicases in vivo.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Bacteroides/enzimologia , DNA Helicases/metabolismo , DNA/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Proteínas de Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , DNA/química , DNA Helicases/química , DNA Helicases/isolamento & purificação , Quadruplex G , Especificidade por Substrato
14.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 43(9): 4614-26, 2015 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25897130

RESUMO

Mutations in the RecQ DNA helicase gene BLM give rise to Bloom's syndrome, which is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by genetic instability and cancer predisposition. BLM helicase is highly active in binding and unwinding G-quadruplexes (G4s), which are physiological targets for BLM, as revealed by genome-wide characterizations of gene expression of cells from BS patients. With smFRET assays, we studied the molecular mechanism of BLM-catalyzed G4 unfolding and showed that ATP is required for G4 unfolding. Surprisingly, depending on the molecular environments of G4, BLM unfolds G4 through different mechanisms: unfolding G4 harboring a 3'-ssDNA tail in three discrete steps with unidirectional translocation, and unfolding G4 connected to dsDNA by ssDNA in a repetitive manner in which BLM remains anchored at the ss/dsDNA junction, and G4 was unfolded by reeling in ssDNA. This indicates that one BLM molecule may unfold G4s in different molecular environments through different mechanisms.


Assuntos
DNA/química , Quadruplex G , RecQ Helicases/metabolismo , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , DNA/metabolismo , DNA de Cadeia Simples/metabolismo , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência
15.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 43(7): 3736-46, 2015 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25765643

RESUMO

There are lines of evidence that the Bloom syndrome helicase, BLM, catalyzes regression of stalled replication forks and disrupts displacement loops (D-loops) formed during homologous recombination (HR). Here we constructed a forked DNA with a 3' single-stranded gap and a 5' double-stranded handle to partly mimic a stalled DNA fork and used magnetic tweezers to study BLM-catalyzed unwinding of the forked DNA. We have directly observed that the BLM helicase may slide on the opposite strand for some distance after duplex unwinding at different forces. For DNA construct with a long hairpin, progressive unwinding of the hairpin is frequently interrupted by strand switching and backward sliding of the enzyme. Quantitative study of the uninterrupted unwinding length (time) has revealed a two-state-transition mechanism for strand-switching during the unwinding process. Mutational studies revealed that the RQC domain plays an important role in stabilizing the helicase/DNA interaction during both DNA unwinding and backward sliding of BLM. Especially, Lys1125 in the RQC domain, a highly conserved amino acid among RecQ helicases, may be involved in the backward sliding activity. We have also directly observed the in vitro pathway that BLM disrupts the mimic stalled replication fork. These results may shed new light on the mechanisms for BLM in DNA repair and homologous recombination.


Assuntos
RecQ Helicases/metabolismo , Humanos , Mutação , Conformação Proteica , RecQ Helicases/química , RecQ Helicases/genética
16.
J Biol Chem ; 290(12): 7722-35, 2015 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25627683

RESUMO

The evolutionarily conserved G-quadruplexes (G4s) are faithfully inherited and serve a variety of cellular functions such as telomere maintenance, gene regulation, DNA replication initiation, and epigenetic regulation. Different from the Watson-Crick base-pairing found in duplex DNA, G4s are formed via Hoogsteen base pairing and are very stable and compact DNA structures. Failure of untangling them in the cell impedes DNA-based transactions and leads to genome instability. Cells have evolved highly specific helicases to resolve G4 structures. We used a recombinant nuclear form of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Pif1 to characterize Pif1-mediated DNA unwinding with a substrate mimicking an ongoing lagging strand synthesis stalled by G4s, which resembles a replication origin and a G4-structured flap in Okazaki fragment maturation. We find that the presence of G4 may greatly stimulate the Pif1 helicase to unwind duplex DNA. Further studies reveal that this stimulation results from G4-enhanced Pif1 dimerization, which is required for duplex DNA unwinding. This finding provides new insights into the properties and functions of G4s. We discuss the observed activation phenomenon in relation to the possible regulatory role of G4s in the rapid rescue of the stalled lagging strand synthesis by helping the replicator recognize and activate the replication origin as well as by quickly removing the G4-structured flap during Okazaki fragment maturation.


Assuntos
DNA Helicases/metabolismo , DNA/metabolismo , Quadruplex G , Sequência de Bases , Biocatálise , DNA/química , Cinética , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
17.
Biochem J ; 466(1): 189-99, 2015 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25471447

RESUMO

Recent advances in G-quadruplex (G4) studies have confirmed that G4 structures exist in living cells and may have detrimental effects on various DNA transactions. How helicases resolve G4, however, has just begun to be studied and remains largely unknown. In the present paper, we use single-molecule fluorescence assays to probe Pif1-catalysed unfolding of G4 in a DNA construct resembling an ongoing synthesis of lagging strand stalled by G4. Strikingly, Pif1 unfolds and then halts at the ss/dsDNA junction, followed by rapid reformation of G4 and 'acrobatic' re-initiation of unfolding by the same monomer. Thus, Pif1 unfolds single G4 structures repetitively. Furthermore, it is found that Pif1 unfolds G4 sequentially in two large steps. Our study has revealed that, as a stable intermediate, G-triplex (G3) plays an essential role in this process. The repetitive unfolding activity may facilitate Pif1 disrupting the continuously reforming obstructive G4 structures to rescue a stalled replication fork. The proposed mechanism for step-wise unfolding of G4 is probably applicable to other helicases that resolve G4 structures for maintaining genome stability.


Assuntos
DNA Helicases/química , DNA de Cadeia Simples/química , Quadruplex G , Genoma Fúngico , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/química , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/química , Biocatálise , DNA Helicases/genética , DNA Helicases/metabolismo , Replicação do DNA , DNA de Cadeia Simples/metabolismo , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência , Corantes Fluorescentes , Expressão Gênica , Instabilidade Genômica , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Coloração e Rotulagem
18.
J Am Chem Soc ; 137(1): 436-44, 2015 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25535941

RESUMO

The crowded intracellular environment influences the diffusion-mediated cellular processes, such as metabolism, signaling, and transport. The hindered diffusion of macromolecules in heterogeneous cytoplasm has been studied over years, but the detailed diffusion distribution and its origin still remain unclear. Here, we introduce a novel method to map rapidly the diffusion distribution in single cells based on single-particle tracking (SPT) of quantum dots (QDs). The diffusion map reveals the heterogeneous intracellular environment and, more importantly, an unreported compartmentalization of QD diffusions in cytoplasm. Simultaneous observations of QD motion and green fluorescent protein-tagged endoplasmic reticulum (ER) dynamics provide direct evidence that the compartmentalization results from micron-scale domains defined by ER tubules, and ER cisternae form perinuclear areas that restrict QDs to enter. The same phenomenon was observed using fluorescein isothiocyanate-dextrans, further confirming the compartmentalized diffusion. These results shed new light on the diffusive movements of macromolecules in the cell, and the mapping of intracellular diffusion distribution may be used to develop strategies for nanoparticle-based drug deliveries and therapeutics.


Assuntos
Difusão , Retículo Endoplasmático/metabolismo , Pontos Quânticos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos
19.
PLoS One ; 8(8): e71556, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23951187

RESUMO

The interactions of DNA with oxaliplatin (Pt(R,R-DACH)) or its enantiomer (Pt(S,S-DACH)) were investigated using magnetic tweezers and atomic force microscope. In the process of DNA condensation induced by Pt-DACH, only diadducts and micro-loops are formed at low Pt-DACH concentrations, while at high Pt-DACH concentrations, besides the diadducts and micro-loops, long-range cross-links are also formed. The diadduct formation rate of Pt(R,R-DACH) is higher than that of Pt(S,S-DACH). However, the proportions of micro-loops and long-range cross-links for Pt(S,S-DACH) are higher than those for Pt(R,R-DACH). We propose a model to explain these differences between the effect of Pt(R,R-DACH) and that of Pt(S,S-DACH) on DNA condensation. The study has strong implications for the understanding of the effect of chirality on the interaction between Pt-DACH and DNA and the kinetics of DNA condensation induced by platinum complexes.


Assuntos
DNA/química , Compostos Organoplatínicos/química , DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Químicos , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Organoplatínicos/farmacologia , Oxaliplatina
20.
Arch Biochem Biophys ; 536(1): 12-24, 2013 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23664917

RESUMO

Cisplatin is the main platinum antitumor drug applied in clinical settings. However, its trans isomer, transplatin, is known to have an ineffective antitumor activity. Despite intensive studies in this field, the structural and biophysical properties of DNA molecules reacting with these two platinum complexes have not been fully elucidated. In the present study, we observed that transplatin made efficient cross-linking of DNA in the vicinity of cisplatin adducts. High-resolution atomic force microscopy studies revealed that the transplatin-induced cross-linkings of nucleotides flanking cisplatin adducts were characterized by kinked-loop structures with rod-like shapes of nanometer scales (∼10-60nm). The results were further confirmed by denaturing gel electrophoresis and single-molecule experiment using magnetic tweezers. In vivo studies revealed that transplatin and cisplatin co-treatment could induce a considerable amount of kinked loops with smaller sizes (∼15nm) in cellular DNA. Furthermore, compared with cisplatin treatment alone, the co-treatment resulted in enhanced cytotoxicity, increased amount of interstrand cross-links, and cell lesions more reluctant to cellular repair system. The results of the present study provide a new clue for understanding the stepwise reactions of DNA with platinum drugs and might serve as a basis for the development of a new antitumor strategy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Reagentes para Ligações Cruzadas/farmacologia , Adutos de DNA/metabolismo , Adutos de DNA/ultraestrutura , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Humanos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico/efeitos dos fármacos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA