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1.
Leuk Res ; 81: 75-81, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31054420

RESUMO

The impact of genetic aberrations on rituximab-based therapeutic regimens has been intensely studied in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). According to the current consensus chemoimmunotherapy consisting of rituximab and DNA-damaging drugs is not suitable for patients with TP53 defects. In our study, we focused on CLL patients with an intact TP53 gene and investigated four recurrently mutated genes in CLL, genomic aberrations by FISH, and IGHV status with the aim of analyzing their impact on progression-free survival (PFS) after front-line therapy with FCR (fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, rituximab) or BR (bendamustine, rituximab) regimens. Using next-generation sequencing, we analyzed 120 patients treated with FCR and 57 patients treated with BR at a university hospital. We used a 10% cut-off for variant allele frequency and recorded the following mutation frequencies in the pre-therapy samples: ATM 23%, SF3B1 20%, NOTCH1 19% and BIRC3 11%. The data on cytogenetic aberrations (11q22, 13q14, trisomy 12) and IGHV mutation status were also considered in PFS analyses. In univariate analyses, we observed a negative impact of BIRC3 mutations and 11q22 deletion in both regimens, while the unmutated IGHV status was associated with a significantly shorter PFS only in the FCR-treated cohort. In a multivariate analysis, only deletion 11q22 in both regimens, and the unmutated IGHV in the FCR cohort maintained an independent association with the reduced PFS. Notably, sole 11q22 deletion, without an ATM mutation on the other allele, manifested the shortest PFS of all analyzed markers. Deletion 11q22 and IGHV status predict PFS in previously untreated CLL patients.

2.
Cancer Med ; 8(4): 1401-1405, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30888118

RESUMO

No data are available regarding obesity and outcome in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL). We analyzed 263 patients from the AGMT CLL-8a Mabtenance trial for the impact of obesity. The trial included patients after rituximab-containing induction treatment in first or second line that had achieved at least a PR. A randomization to rituximab maintenance treatment (375 mg/m2 q3 months for 2 years) vs observation was performed. In this cohort 22% of the patients (58/263) were classified as obese. The baseline response to induction treatment was inferior in obese patients with a lower CR rate (43.1% vs 60.5% in obese vs non-obese, P = 0.018) and with a lower rate of patients achieving MRD negativity after chemoimmunotherapy induction treatment (19.6% vs 35.8%, P = 0.02). The PFS outcome of obese patients was significantly worse in the observation group of the trial (24 vs 39 months median PFS, P = 0.03). However, in the rituximab maintenance group the outcome for obese vs non-obese was not different (P = 0.4). In summary, obesity was overall associated with a worse outcome of chemoimmunotherapy induction. However, rituximab maintenance treatment seems to be able to overcome this negative effect.

3.
Leuk Res ; 79: 17-21, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30797139

RESUMO

Chemoimmunotherapy with bendamustine and rituximab is an alternative treatment for elderly patients with CLL. The aim of this observational multicenter study was to prospectively assess efficacy and safety of bendamustine and rituximab in front-line therapy in patients with CLL and significant comorbidities in real hematological practice. Eighty-three consecutive patients with cumulative illness rating scale (CIRS) >6 who received at least one cycle of BR as first-line treatment were included in the study. The median age was 71 years (range, 53-83), the median CIRS was 8 (range, 7-17), and 60.2% of patients had a creatinine clearance ≤70 mL/min. FISH analysis, available for 78 cases, showed a del(17p) in 11.5% and del(11q) in 20.5% of patients. Overall response rate was 88.0% with a complete response rate of 20.5%. With median follow-up time of 22 months, the estimated median progression free survival was 35.9 months. Progression free survival and overall survival rates at 2 years were 69.9% and 96.2%, respectively. Grade 3 or 4 neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, and anemia were documented in 40 (48.2%), 14 (16.9%), and 8 (9.6%) patients, respectively. Grade 3 or 4 infections occurred in 14.5% of patients. Chemoimmunotherapy with BR is an effective therapeutic option with manageable toxicity for the initial treatment of CLL patients with significant comorbidities. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02381899.

4.
Leuk Lymphoma ; : 1-8, 2019 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30773964

RESUMO

Cytogenetic examination and the detection of chromosomal aberrations in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is an integral part of prognostic stratification and treatment decisions. Improvements in cytogenetic methods, notably the introduction of the cell stimulation method, have led to the detection of chromosomal aberrations in 80% of CLL cases. A comprehensive analysis of cytogenetic aberrations recently showed that complex karyotypes (CKs) defined as the detection of either three or more or five or more chromosomal changes in a karyotype have a poor prognostic impact. The current efforts at the international level are focused on the goal of including CK assessment among prognostic markers for CLL patients at diagnosis as well as after treatment. This review of the literature documents the clinical importance of CK findings in CLL and the necessity of including this factor in other poor prognostic indicators.

5.
Hematology ; 24(1): 337-348, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30757960

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Detectable minimal residual disease (MRD) after therapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the strongest predictor of hematologic relapse. This study evaluated outcomes of patients with B-cell precursor ALL with MRD of ≥10-4 Methods: Study population was from ALL study groups in Europe managed in national study protocols 2000-2014. MRD was measured by polymerase chain reaction or flow cytometry. Patients were age ≥15 years at initial ALL diagnosis. Patients were excluded if exposed to blinatumomab within 18 months of baseline or prior alloHSCT. RESULTS: Of 272 patients in CR1, baseline MRD was ≥10-1, 10-2 to <10-1, 10-3 to <10-2, and 10-4 to <10-3 in 15 (6%), 71 (26%), 109 (40%), and 77 (28%) patients, respectively. Median duration of complete remission (DoR) was 18.5 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 11.9-27.2), median relapse-free survival (RFS) was 12.4 months (95% CI, 10.0-19.0) and median overall survival (OS) was 32.5 months (95% CI, 23.6-48.0). Lower baseline MRD level (P ≤ .0003) and white blood cell count <30,000/µL at diagnosis (P ≤ .0053) were strong predictors for better RFS and DoR. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT) was associated with longer RFS (hazard ratio [HR], 0.59; 95% CI, 0.41-0.84) and DoR (HR, 0.43; 95% CI, 0.29-0.64); the association with OS was not significant (HR, 0.72; 95% CI, 0.50-1.05). DISCUSSION: In conclusion, RFS, DoR, and OS are relatively short in patients with MRD-positive ALL, particularly at higher MRD levels. AlloHSCT may improve survival but has limitations. Alternative approaches are needed to improve outcomes in MRD-positive ALL.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Aloenxertos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/sangue , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/mortalidade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/terapia , Taxa de Sobrevida
6.
Blood ; 133(11): 1205-1216, 2019 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30602617

RESUMO

Recent evidence suggests that complex karyotype (CK) defined by the presence of ≥3 chromosomal aberrations (structural and/or numerical) identified by using chromosome-banding analysis (CBA) may be relevant for treatment decision-making in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). However, many challenges toward the routine clinical application of CBA remain. In a retrospective study of 5290 patients with available CBA data, we explored both clinicobiological associations and the clinical impact of CK in CLL. We found that patients with ≥5 abnormalities, defined as high-CK, exhibit uniformly dismal clinical outcomes, independently of clinical stage, TP53 aberrations (deletion of chromosome 17p and/or TP53 mutations [TP53abs]), and the expression of somatically hypermutated (M-CLL) or unmutated immunoglobulin heavy variable genes. Thus, they contrasted with CK cases with 3 or 4 aberrations (low-CK and intermediate-CK, respectively) who followed aggressive disease courses only in the presence of TP53abs. At the other end of the spectrum, patients with CK and +12,+19 displayed an exceptionally indolent profile. Building upon CK, TP53abs, and immunoglobulin heavy variable gene somatic hypermutation status, we propose a novel hierarchical model in which patients with high-CK exhibit the worst prognosis, whereas those with mutated CLL lacking CK or TP53abs, as well as CK with +12,+19, show the longest overall survival. Thus, CK should not be axiomatically considered unfavorable in CLL, representing a heterogeneous group with variable clinical behavior. High-CK with ≥5 chromosomal aberrations emerges as prognostically adverse, independent of other biomarkers. Prospective clinical validation is warranted before ultimately incorporating high-CK in risk stratification of CLL.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30416055

RESUMO

Mastocytosis is a unique hematologic neoplasm with complex biology and pathology and a variable clinical course. The disease can essentially be divided into cutaneous mastocytosis (CM) and systemic mastocytosis (SM). In adults, SM is diagnosed in most cases and manifests as either indolent or advanced disease. Patients with advanced SM have an unfavorable prognosis with reduced survival. However, so far, little is known about the prevalence of various categories of SM and about prognostic factors. In an attempt to learn more about the behavior and evolution of various forms of CM and SM, the European Competence Network on Mastocytosis (ECNM) initiated a mastocytosis registry in 2012. In this article, the set up and start phase of this registry are described. Until 2018, more than 3000 patients from 12 countries and 25 centers have been enrolled. In a majority of all patients, robust follow-up data and relevant clinical end points are available. Using this data set, a series of registry projects have been launched, with the aim to validate previously identified diagnostic and prognostic variables and to identify new disease-related and patient-related parameters in various forms of mastocytosis. Moreover, the core data set of the registry will be useful to establish multiparametric scoring systems through which prognostication and individualized management of patients with mastocytosis should improve in the foreseeable future.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30385870

RESUMO

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in first complete remission is a standard of care for adult patients with Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-negative acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and high risk of relapse. However, the stratification systems vary among study groups. Inadequate response at the level of minimal residual disease is the most commonly accepted factor indicating the need for alloHSCT. In this consensus paper on behalf of the European Working Group for Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia and the Acute Leukemia Working Party of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation, we summarize available evidence and reflect current clinical practice in major European study groups regarding both indications for HSCT and particular aspects of the procedure including the choice of donor, source of stem cells and conditioning. Finally, we propose recommendations for daily clinical practice as well as for planning of prospective trials.

9.
Platelets ; : 1-7, 2018 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30332551

RESUMO

Mutations in the GP1BA gene have been associated with platelet-type von Willebrand disease and Bernard-Soulier syndrome. Here, we report a novel GP1BA mutation in a family with autosomal dominant macrothrombocytopenia and mild bleeding. We performed analyses of seven family members. Using whole-exome sequencing of germline DNA samples, we identified a heterozygous single-nucleotide change in GP1BA (exone2:c.176T>G), encoding a p.Leu59Arg substitution in the N-terminal domain, segregating with macrothrombocytopenia. This variant has not been previously reported. We also analysed the structure of the detected sequence variant in silico. In particular, we used the crystal structure of the human platelet receptor GP Ibα N-terminal domain. Replacement of aliphatic amino-acid Leu 59 with charged, polar and larger arginine probably disrupts the protein structure. An autosomal dominant mode of inheritance, a family history of mild bleeding episodes, aggregation pattern in affected individuals together with evidence of mutation occurring in part of the GP1BA gene encoding the leucine-rich repeat region suggest a novel variant causing monoallelic Bernard-Soulier syndrome.

10.
Ann Hematol ; 2018 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30368590

RESUMO

Activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) is a mutator enzyme essential for somatic hypermutation (SHM) and class switch recombination (CSR) during effective adaptive immune responses. Its aberrant expression and activity have been detected in lymphomas, leukemias, and solid tumors. In chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) increased expression of alternatively spliced AID variants has been documented. We used real-time RT-PCR to quantify the expression of AID and its alternatively spliced transcripts (AIDΔE4a, AIDΔE4, AIDivs3, and AIDΔE3E4) in 149 CLL patients and correlated this expression to prognostic markers including recurrent chromosomal aberrations, the presence of complex karyotype, mutation status of the immunoglobulin heavy chain variable gene, and recurrent mutations. We report a previously unappreciated association between higher AID transcript levels and trisomy of chromosome 12. Functional analysis of AID splice variants revealed loss of their activity with respect to SHM, CSR, and induction of double-strand DNA breaks. In silico modeling provided insight into the molecular interactions and structural dynamics of wild-type AID and a shortened AID variant closely resembling AIDΔE4, confirming its loss-of-function phenotype.

12.
Leukemia ; 2018 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30111844

RESUMO

The variable clinical course in chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) largely depends on p53 functionality and B-cell receptor (BCR) signalling propensity; however, it is unclear if there is any crosstalk between these pathways. We show that DNA damage response (DDR) activation leads to down-modulating the transcriptional factor FOXP1, which functions as a positive BCR signalling regulator and its high levels are associated with worse CLL prognosis. We identified microRNA (miRNA) miR-34a as the most prominently upregulated miRNA during DDR in CLL cells in vitro and in vivo during FCR therapy (fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, rituximab). MiR-34a induced by DDR activation and p53 stabilization potently represses FOXP1 expression by binding in its 3'-UTR. The low FOXP1 levels limit BCR signalling partially via derepressing BCR-inhibitory molecule CD22. We also show that low miR-34a levels can be used as a biomarker for worse response or shorter progression free survival in CLL patients treated with FCR chemoimmunotherapy, and shorter overall survival, irrespective of TP53 status. Additionally, we have developed a method for the absolute quantification of miR-34a copies and defined precise prognostic/predictive cutoffs. Overall, herein, we reveal for the first time that B cells limit their BCR signalling during DDR by down-modulating FOXP1 via DDR-p53/miR-34a axis.

13.
Int J Hematol ; 108(6): 652-657, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30083851

RESUMO

Here we report a C-terminal RUNX1 mutation in a family with platelet disorder and predisposition to myeloid malignancies. We identified the mutation c.866delG:p.Gly289Aspfs*22 (NM_001754) (RUNX1 b-isoform NM_001001890; c.785delG:p.Gly262Aspfs*22) using exome sequencing of samples obtained from eight members of a single family. The mutation found in our pedigree is within exon eight and the transactivation domain of RUNX1. One of the affected individuals developed myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), which progressed to acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). A search for the second hit which led to the development of MDS and later AML in this individual revealed the PHF6 gene variant (exon9:c.872G > A:p.G291E; NM_001015877), BCORL1 (exon3:c.1111A > C:p.T371P; NM_001184772) and BCOR gene variant (exon4:c.2076dupT:p.P693fs; NM_001123383), which appear to be very likely second hits participating in the progression to myeloid malignancy.

14.
Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk ; 18(11): 743-748, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30057330

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Minimal residual disease (MRD) is an important prognostic maker in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). However, few data comparing the measurement of adult ALL MRD using different methods in daily practice are available. We conducted an analysis comparing the importance of flow cytometry (FCM) and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in the assessment of MRD in adult ALL. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-six consecutive adult patients with both Philadelphia-negative and -positive ALL treated according to an intensive protocol were enrolled in the study. Bone marrow samples were acquired on day 26 and during week 11 of treatment. MRD evaluation was performed using 8-color FCM and PCR of immunoglobulin or T-cell receptor gene clonal rearrangements and BCR-ABL1, KMT2A-AF4 and E2A-PBX1 fusion genes. RESULTS: On day 26, both FCM and PCR seemed to have good discrimination sensitivity for overall survival (P = .001 to .008) and progression-free survival (P = .03 to .04) prediction for both Philadelphia-positive and -negative cases. The most sensitive method in week 11 was PCR including all results > 0 considered to indicate MRD positivity (P = .002 for overall survival and P = .02 for progression-free survival). PCR with other cutoffs was not sufficiently sensitive in week 11. Moreover, no FCM+ samples were found in week 11. The subanalysis of the Philadelphia-negative patients showed similar results. CONCLUSION: Our analysis showed that both FCM and PCR MRD assessment methods are sensitive for survival prediction during induction. However, we believe FCM could not be sufficiently sensitive in later phases of treatment.

16.
Leukemia ; 32(8): 1768-1777, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30030507

RESUMO

This is a pivotal, multicenter, open-label study of moxetumomab pasudotox, a recombinant CD22-targeting immunotoxin, in hairy cell leukemia (HCL), a rare B cell malignancy with high CD22 expression. The study enrolled patients with relapsed/refractory HCL who had ≥2 prior systemic therapies, including ≥1 purine nucleoside analog. Patients received moxetumomab pasudotox 40 µg/kg intravenously on days 1, 3, and 5 every 28 days for ≤6 cycles. Blinded independent central review determined disease response and minimal residual disease (MRD) status. Among 80 patients (79% males; median age, 60.0 years), durable complete response (CR) rate was 30%, CR rate was 41%, and objective response rate (CR and partial response) was 75%; 64 patients (80%) achieved hematologic remission. Among complete responders, 27 (85%) achieved MRD negativity by immunohistochemistry. The most frequent adverse events (AEs) were peripheral edema (39%), nausea (35%), fatigue (34%), and headache (33%). Treatment-related serious AEs of hemolytic uremic syndrome (7.5%) and capillary leak syndrome (5%) were reversible and generally manageable with supportive care and treatment discontinuation (6 patients; 7.5%). Moxetumomab pasudotox treatment achieved a high rate of independently assessed durable response and MRD eradication in heavily pretreated patients with HCL, with acceptable tolerability.

17.
Leukemia ; 32(7): 1609-1620, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29472722

RESUMO

Chromothripsis is a one-step genome-shattering catastrophe resulting from disruption of one or few chromosomes in multiple fragments and consequent random rejoining and repair. This study defines incidence of chromothripsis in 395 newly diagnosed adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients from three institutions, its impact on survival and its genomic background. SNP 6.0 or CytoscanHD Array (Affymetrix®) were performed on all samples. We detected chromothripsis with a custom algorithm in 26/395 patients. Patients harboring chromothripsis had higher age (p = 0.002), ELN high risk (HR) (p < 0.001), lower white blood cell (WBC) count (p = 0.040), TP53 loss, and/or mutations (p < 0.001) while FLT3 (p = 0.025), and NPM1 (p = 0.032) mutations were mutually exclusive with chromothripsis. Chromothripsis-positive patients showed a worse overall survival (OS) (p < 0.001) compared with HR patients (p = 0.011) and a poor prognosis in a COX-HR optimal regression model. Chromothripsis presented the hallmarks of chromosome instability [i.e., TP53 alteration, 5q deletion, higher mean of copy number alteration (CNA), complex karyotype, alterations in DNA repair, and cell cycle] and focal deletions on chromosomes 4, 7, 12, 16, and 17. CBA. FISH showed that chromothripsis is associated with marker, derivative, and ring chromosomes. In conclusion, chromothripsis frequently occurs in AML (6.6%) and influences patient prognosis and disease biology.

18.
Haematologica ; 103(2): 313-324, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29122990

RESUMO

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is a disease with up-regulated expression of the transmembrane tyrosine-protein kinase ROR1, a member of the Wnt/planar cell polarity pathway. In this study, we identified COBLL1 as a novel interaction partner of ROR1. COBLL1 shows clear bimodal expression with high levels in chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients with mutated IGHV and approximately 30% of chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients with unmutated IGHV. In the remaining 70% of chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients with unmutated IGHV, COBLL1 expression is low. Importantly, chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients with unmutated IGHV and high COBLL1 have an unfavorable disease course with short overall survival and time to second treatment. COBLL1 serves as an independent molecular marker for overall survival in chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients with unmutated IGHV. In addition, chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients with unmutated IGHV and high COBLL1 show impaired motility and chemotaxis towards CCL19 and CXCL12 as well as enhanced B-cell receptor signaling pathway activation demonstrated by increased PLCγ2 and SYK phosphorylation after IgM stimulation. COBLL1 expression also changes during B-cell maturation in non-malignant secondary lymphoid tissue with a higher expression in germinal center B cells than naïve and memory B cells. Our data thus suggest COBLL1 involvement not only in chronic lymphocytic leukemia but also in B-cell development. In summary, we show that expression of COBLL1, encoding novel ROR1-binding partner, defines chronic lymphocytic leukemia subgroups with a distinct response to microenvironmental stimuli, and independently predicts survival of chronic lymphocytic leukemia with unmutated IGHV.

19.
Cytometry B Clin Cytom ; 94(1): 121-128, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29024461

RESUMO

The diagnostic criteria for CLL rely on morphology and immunophenotype. Current approaches have limitations affecting reproducibility and there is no consensus on the role of new markers. The aim of this project was to identify reproducible criteria and consensus on markers recommended for the diagnosis of CLL. ERIC/ESCCA members classified 14 of 35 potential markers as "required" or "recommended" for CLL diagnosis, consensus being defined as >75% and >50% agreement, respectively. An approach to validate "required" markers using normal peripheral blood was developed. Responses were received from 150 participants with a diagnostic workload >20 CLL cases per week in 23/150 (15%), 5-20 in 82/150 (55%), and <5 cases per week in 45/150 (30%). The consensus for "required" diagnostic markers included: CD19, CD5, CD20, CD23, Kappa, and Lambda. "Recommended" markers potentially useful for differential diagnosis were: CD43, CD79b, CD81, CD200, CD10, and ROR1. Reproducible criteria for component reagents were assessed retrospectively in 14,643 cases from 13 different centers and showed >97% concordance with current approaches. A pilot study to validate staining quality was completed in 11 centers. Markers considered as "required" for the diagnosis of CLL by the participants in this study (CD19, CD5, CD20, CD23, Kappa, and Lambda) are consistent with current diagnostic criteria and practice. Importantly, a reproducible approach to validate and apply these markers in individual laboratories has been identified. Finally, a consensus "recommended" panel of markers to refine diagnosis in borderline cases (CD43, CD79b, CD81, CD200, CD10, and ROR1) has been defined and will be prospectively evaluated. © 2017 International Clinical Cytometry Society.

20.
Leuk Res ; 60: 145-150, 2017 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28837890

RESUMO

The hotspot c.7541_7542delCT NOTCH1 mutation has been proven to have a negative clinical impact in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). However, an optimal method for its detection has not yet been specified. The aim of our study was to examine the presence of the NOTCH1 mutation in CLL using three commonly used molecular methods. Sanger sequencing, fragment analysis and allele-specific PCR were compared in the detection of the c.7541_7542delCT NOTCH1 mutation in 201 CLL patients. In 7 patients with inconclusive mutational analysis results, the presence of the NOTCH1 mutation was also confirmed using ultra-deep next generation sequencing. The NOTCH1 mutation was detected in 15% (30/201) of examined patients. Only fragment analysis was able to identify all 30 NOTCH1-mutated patients. Sanger sequencing and allele-specific PCR showed a lower detection efficiency, determining 93% (28/30) and 80% (24/30) of the present NOTCH1 mutations, respectively. Considering these three most commonly used methodologies for c.7541_7542delCT NOTCH1 mutation screening in CLL, we defined fragment analysis as the most suitable approach for detecting the hotspot NOTCH1 mutation.


Assuntos
Análise Mutacional de DNA/métodos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/genética , Mutação , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/análise , Receptor Notch1/genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos
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