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1.
Rev. estomat. salud ; 29(1): 1-7, 20210212.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151850

RESUMO

Background: Patients undergoing dialysis treatment have a worse quality of life and have higher rates of malnutrition, inflammation and hospitalization than the general population. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the influence of dental treatment on the quality of life and self-esteem of hemodialysis-therapy patients. Materials and Methods: An interventional study was developed with 27 patients undergoing hemodialysis in Diamantina, Brazil. Initially, patients received a clinical evaluation of a dentist and responded to questionnaires to estimate the quality of life (Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Health Questionnaire (SF-36) and Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) version 14) and self-esteem (Scale Self-Esteem of Rosenberg). After 45 days, the questionnaires were reapplied, and the patients received dental treatment to adapt the oral environment. After the treatment, 45 days were awaited to reapply the questionnaires. Descriptive analyzes were performed, Wilcoxon and Friedman tests were done. The level of significance was set at 5% (p <0.05). Results: Twenty-seven low-income and educated individuals participated in the study, most of whom were men. Hypertension and diabetes were not widely reported systemic diseases. There was statistical significance in SF-36 and OHIP-14 dimensions and improvement of self-esteem. Conclusion: Dental treatment interfered positively with the quality of life and self-esteem of patients undergoing hemodialysis.

2.
J Oral Rehabil ; 48(4): 369-374, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33206400

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of two types of treatment (counselling programme versus counselling programme plus jaw exercises) to improve the quality of life of patients with disc displacement with reduction (DDWR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were divided into two groups. The test group received guidelines for temporomandibular disorders (TMD) plus jaw exercises for DDWR, and the control group received only guidelines for TMD. The total number of investigated patients was 70, thus 35 per group. The oral health-related quality of life was assessed by the OHIP-14 questionnaire. Both groups were evaluated at the baseline and 30 days post-treatment. RESULTS: In the counselling group, there was statistically significant decrease in pain (P = .015) and social disability (P = .046) subscales. In the counselling plus jaw exercise group, there was statistically significant decrease in all subscales (P < .05). At 30 days follow-up, there was a statically significant difference between the two groups in pain (P = .004), psychological discomfort (P < .001), psychological disability (P < .001) and social disability (P = .029) subscales. CONCLUSION: The counselling programme plus jaw exercise protocol showed greater improvement in oral health-related quality of life than the group performing only the counselling programme in patients with DDWR.


Assuntos
Luxações Articulares , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Aconselhamento , Terapia por Exercício , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/terapia
3.
Rev. estomat. salud ; 28(1): 11-17, 20201201.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145687

RESUMO

Introduction: Chronic kidney failure is a serious public health problem worldwide and it is considered an alarmingly epidemic. Patients undergoing hemodialysis treatment require dental attention, and perioperative management in this population is challenging. Aim:To evaluate the procedure of tooth extraction in anticoagulated patients undergoing hemodialysis, detecting possible complications during and after surgery. Material and Method:Eleven patients, from the hemodialysis sector of the Santa Casa de Caridade de Diamantina -MG, who needed tooth extractions, with medical clearance, previously undergoing periodontal treatment, were selected at the Clinic of Surgery and Periodontics of the Department of Dentistry of the Federal University of Jequitinhonha and Mucuri Valleys. Postoperative questionnaires were applied for the proposed evaluations. Results:A total of 8 patients were treated and 14 teeth were extracted. Only one patient reported mild pain, and presented mild bleeding, most patients used the recommended pain killer, and there were no alveolar infections. Conclusion:The entire sample obtained satisfactory results with the proposed treatment during and after dental surgery. There is no reason to neglect their dental needs due to the apprehension of complications.


Introdução: A insuficiência renal crônica emerge como um sério problema de saúde pública em todo o mundo, sendo considerada uma epidemia de crescimento alarmante. Pacientes em tratamento hemodialítico requerem atenção odontológica e o manejo perioperatório nesta população é desafiador e importante. Objetivo:Avaliar clinicamente o procedimento cirúrgico de exodontia em pacientes anticoagulados submetidos à hemodiálise, observando possíveis complicações no trans e no pós-operatório. Materiais e métodos:Foram selecionados 11 pacientes do setor de hemodiálise da Santa Casa de Caridade de Diamantina ­MG, que necessitavam de exodontias, com liberação médica, passando previamente por adequação periodontal, na Clínica de Cirurgia e Periodontia do Departamento de Odontologia da Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri. Questionários pós cirúrgicos foram aplicados para as avaliações propostas. Resultados:Um total de 8 pacientes foram atendidos e 14 dentes extraídos. Apenas um paciente relatou dor classificada como leve, quadros de hemorragia leve ocorreram sem complicações, a maioria dos pacientes fez uso da analgesia recomendada e não houve infecções alveolares. Conclusão:Respeitando os protocolos, toda a amostra obteve resultado satisfatório com o tratamento proposto no trans e pós cirúrgico, não havendo motivos para negligenciar suas necessidades odontológicas por apreensão de complicações e intercorrências

4.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 300, 2020 11 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33143720

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim was to analyze the fracture resistance of human teeth treated endodontically and restored with posts made of bovine dentin, human dentin, or glass fiber, and to evaluate the fracture pattern. METHODS: Cylindrical posts of 1.5 mm in diameter cemented to the roots of human maxillary canines presented a length of 15 mm, cervical diameter of 5-5.5 mm in the mesiodistal direction, and 7-7.5 mm in the vestibule-palatal direction. The groups studied were: Group I-10 glass fiber posts; Group II-10 human dentin posts; Group III-10 bovine dentin posts (self-adhesive resin cement); and Group IV-10 bovine dentin posts (resin-modified glass-ionomer cements). The coronal part of tooth was restored with a standardized core build-up using composite. All of the groups were submitted to a compression force test and the resistance to fracture was verified using a universal testing machine. The fracture pattern was likewise evaluated. RESULTS: The values of resistance to fracture were: 723.3N in group I, 561.5N in group II, 556.6N in group III, and, 613.27N in group IV. However, no statistically significant difference was observed among the groups. The fractures in groups I and II were most commonly found in the middle/apical third and were considered irreparable. For restored teeth in group III, half of the fractures appeared in the cervical third and were reparable. In group IV, all of the fractures were reparable, with the majority in the cervical thirds. CONCLUSION: Bovine dentin can be used as intraradicular post to substitute human dentin and glass fiber posts. The greater the malleability of the post, the greater the chances of survival of the teeth when subjected to fracture testing.


Assuntos
Técnica para Retentor Intrarradicular , Fraturas dos Dentes , Dente não Vital , Animais , Bovinos , Resinas Compostas , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Dentina , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Fraturas dos Dentes/etiologia
5.
Cad. saúde colet., (Rio J.) ; 28(2): 271-277, abr.-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132955

RESUMO

Abstract Background Currently, different pain scales are used extensively to measure clinical pain, especially in dental practice. Objective This study aims to compare pain scales used in clinical research and dental practice, identifying the easiest to understand by patients with Cervical Dentin Hypersensitivity. Method Seventy-four patients with Cervical Dentin Hypersensitivity were stimulated by a thermic test of the sensitive tooth, followed by application of different pain measurement scales (Visual Analogue Scale, Faces Pain Scales, Numeric Rating Scale, and Verbal Rating Scale) and by a questionnaire to evaluate the patient's perception regarding the ease of understanding scales. The statistic tests used were the Wilcoxon, Spearman correlation, and Chi-Square tests. Results The results founded a strong positive correlation between the scales (r = 0.798 to 0.960 p <0.001). The was easiest scale to understand according to the patients was the Verbal Rating Scale (52.7%). Conclusion The pain measurement scales evaluated provide similar information about pain reported in the Cervical Dentin Hypersensitivity allowing the comparison between studies that used them to measure pain. The affinity of the patient with the pain scale can guide the clinical dental practice in the different levels of health care.


Resumo Introdução Atualmente, diferentes escalas têm sido utilizadas para medir a dor no contexto clínico, especialmente na prática odontológica. Objetivo O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar as escalas de dor comumente utilizadas em pesquisas clínicas e na prática clínica odontológica, identificando as mais fáceis de serem compreendidas pelos pacientes com hipersensibilidade dentinária cervical. Método Setenta e quatro pacientes com hipersensibilidade dentinária cervical foram estimulados por um teste térmico para avaliação do dente sensível, seguido pela aplicação de diferentes escalas para avaliação de dor (Escala Visual Analógica, Faces de Dor, Escala Numérica e Escala Verbal) e de um questionário complementar para avaliar a percepção do paciente em relação à facilidade de compreensão das escalas. Os resultados foram submetidos aos testes de correlação de Wilcoxon, Spearman e Qui-Quadrado. Resultados Uma forte correlação positiva foi encontrada entre as quatro escalas avaliadas (r = 0,798 a 0,960; p < 0,001). De acordo com os pacientes, a escala de mais fácil compreensão foi a Escala Verbal (52,7%). Conclusão As escalas para mensuração da dor fornecem informações semelhantes sobre a dor relatada na hipersensibilidade dentinária cervical. A afinidade do paciente pela escala de dor pode direcionar a escolha da escala a ser utilizada na prática clínica odontológica nos diversos níveis de atenção à saúde.

6.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e043, 2020 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32401933

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to compare the sensitivity and specificity of pain scales used to assess dentin hypersensitivity (DH). The preferred scale, and toothbrushing habits of participants were also investigated. This cross-sectional study was conducted with students and employees of a Brazilian Federal University who presented DH. The participants answered a questionnaire about their toothbrushing and drinking habits. Hypersensitive and non-sensitive teeth were submitted to tactile and ice stick stimuli. Then, the subjects marked their pain level in the visual analogue (VAS), numeric scale (NS), faces pain scale (FPS) and verbal evaluation scale (VES). DH was also assessed by Schiff scale (SS). The data were analyzed by Wilcoxon and Chi-Square tests, as well as by ROC curve. The mean age of the sample (56 women, 16 men) was 27.8 years. The most prevalent acidic beverage was coffee (36.0%) and the most preferred scale was the NS (47.2%). The pain level was statistically higher in teeth with DH compared to teeth without DH (p < 0.05). The accuracy ranged from 0.729 (SS) to 0.750 (NS). The highest sensitivity value was 81.9% for NS. The SS presented the highest specificity (91%). The visual analog, numerical, verbal evaluation, faces pain, and Schiff scales were accurate for DH diagnosis. The Schiff scale was the preferred scale for DH assessment.


Assuntos
Sensibilidade da Dentina/diagnóstico , Medição da Dor/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Bebidas/efeitos adversos , Estudos Transversais , Expressão Facial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Escovação Dentária/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem
7.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 116, 2020 04 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32299404

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The biologic width is defined as the coronal dimension to the alveolar bone that is occupied by healthy gingival tissue. The objective of the present study was to correlate radiographic findings of biologic width invasion with the periodontium status. METHODS: It were included 14 patients with restored teeth with biological width invasion, on the proximal sites, observed clinically and radiographically. 122 proximal sites were evaluated, 61 in the test group (biological width invasion) and 61 in the control group (adequate biological width). Smokers and patients presenting periodontal disease or restorations with contact in eccentric movements, horizontal over-contour or secondary caries were excluded from the sample. The invasion of the biologic width was diagnosed when the distance from the gingival margin of restoration to the bony crest was less than 3 mm. Intrabony defect and bone crest level, as well as, their vertical and horizontal components were radiographically evaluated when present. Plaque index, bleeding on probing, probing depth, gingival recession height, keratinized gingival height and thickness, and clinical attachment level were clinically evaluated. Data were subjected to Spearman's Correlation and Wilcoxon's test. RESULT: The most prevalent tooth with biological width invasion was the first molar. There was a statistically significant correlation between the bone crest (p < 0.001), vertical (p < 0.001) and horizontal (p = 0.001) components. In the test group, there was a statistically significant correlation between bleeding on probing (p < 0.001; r = 0.618) and width of gingival recession (p = 0.030; r = - 0.602) with the intraosseous component; and between keratinized gingival height and bone level (p = 0.037; r = - 0.267). In the control group, there was a correlation between plaque index (p = 0.027; r = - 0.283) with bone level and correlation between keratinized gingival thickness and bone level (p = 0.034; r = - 0.273) and intrabony component (p = 0.042; r = 0.226). CONCLUSION: A statistically significant relationship was found between bleeding on probing and gingival recession in patients who presented intrabony defects due to the invasion of biological width, which may be also related to the thickness of the keratinized gingiva.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagem , Produtos Biológicos , Retração Gengival/diagnóstico por imagem , Periodonto/patologia , Adulto , Perda do Osso Alveolar/etiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Índice de Placa Dentária , Feminino , Seguimentos , Gengiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Gengiva/patologia , Retração Gengival/etiologia , Retração Gengival/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Perda da Inserção Periodontal/diagnóstico por imagem , Perda da Inserção Periodontal/etiologia , Periodontite/diagnóstico por imagem , Periodontite/etiologia , Prevalência , Radiografia
8.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 41, 2020 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32024498

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of ozonized water on pain, oedema and trismus after impacted third molar mandibular surgeries when compared to double distilled water. A randomized triple blind trial was conducted. METHODS: Patients with third molars class II-B of Pell-Gregory were included, and surgical extraction was performed. Irrigation was done with ozonized (group 1) or double distilled water (group 2). The type of irrigation and the side to be operated were randomized. Neither the patients nor the operator or evaluator were aware of the irrigation solution. Pain, oedema and trismus were evaluated at baseline, 24-h, 48-h, 72-h and 7-days after treatment. The data were evaluated by Friedman, Wilcoxon, Mann-Whitney tests, and size effect. RESULTS: It was included 8 men and 12 women, with a mean age of 20.9y.o. The initial pain mean was 7.94 (±12.81) (group 1) and 5.50 (±9.12) (group 2) (p > 0,05). There was a statistically significant reduction of pain, oedema and trismus in intragroup analysis (p < 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference (p > 0.05) when comparing the oedema and trismus between groups. The size effect ranged from small (0.23) to large (1.29). CONCLUSIONS: It was concluded that ozonized water was compatible as irrigation method, not inferior to double distilled water, and had satisfactory effects on management of pain, oedema and trismus after surgical removal of the third molar. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This clinical trial was registered in ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03501225 on April 18, 2018.


Assuntos
Edema/terapia , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Ozônio/uso terapêutico , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia , Extração Dentária/efeitos adversos , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Trismo/terapia , Água/farmacologia , Método Duplo-Cego , Edema/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Trismo/etiologia
9.
Arch Oral Biol ; 110: 104597, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31739076

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To systematically review and evaluate what is known regarding contemporary biological therapy capable of accelerating orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) in animal model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MedLine, Scopus, Web of Science and OpenGrey were searched without restrictions until June 2019. Following study retrieval and selection, relevant data was extracted using a standardized table. Risk of bias (RoB) assessment was performed using the Systematic Review Centre for Laboratory Animal Experimentation (SYRCLE) tool. RESULTS: Fifty-one animal studies were included. Two biological therapies were identified as capable of accelerating the OTM: chemical methods (49 studies) and gene therapy (2 studies). The main substances that increased the OTM rate were cytokines (13 studies), followed by growth factors (6 studies) and hormones (5 studies). Most studies were assessed to be at unclear or high RoB. The application protocols, measurement and reporting of outcomes varied widely and methodologies were not adequately reported. CONCLUSIONS: Although biological therapies to accelerate OTM have been widely tested and effective in preclinical studies, the validity of the evidence is flawed to support translational of these results. There is a need for well-designed experimental studies to translate these methods for clinical field.


Assuntos
Terapia Biológica , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Proteômica
10.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e043, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1132658

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of the present study was to compare the sensitivity and specificity of pain scales used to assess dentin hypersensitivity (DH). The preferred scale, and toothbrushing habits of participants were also investigated. This cross-sectional study was conducted with students and employees of a Brazilian Federal University who presented DH. The participants answered a questionnaire about their toothbrushing and drinking habits. Hypersensitive and non-sensitive teeth were submitted to tactile and ice stick stimuli. Then, the subjects marked their pain level in the visual analogue (VAS), numeric scale (NS), faces pain scale (FPS) and verbal evaluation scale (VES). DH was also assessed by Schiff scale (SS). The data were analyzed by Wilcoxon and Chi-Square tests, as well as by ROC curve. The mean age of the sample (56 women, 16 men) was 27.8 years. The most prevalent acidic beverage was coffee (36.0%) and the most preferred scale was the NS (47.2%). The pain level was statistically higher in teeth with DH compared to teeth without DH (p < 0.05). The accuracy ranged from 0.729 (SS) to 0.750 (NS). The highest sensitivity value was 81.9% for NS. The SS presented the highest specificity (91%). The visual analog, numerical, verbal evaluation, faces pain, and Schiff scales were accurate for DH diagnosis. The Schiff scale was the preferred scale for DH assessment.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Medição da Dor/métodos , Sensibilidade da Dentina/diagnóstico , Escovação Dentária/efeitos adversos , Bebidas/efeitos adversos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Expressão Facial
11.
Rev. estomat. salud ; 28(2): 8-16, 2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145694

RESUMO

Objetivo: Verificar a prevalência de infecções bucais em ambiente hospitalar no período de 13 meses. Materiais e métodos: Estudo transversal, realizado no Centro de Terapia Intensiva (CTI) e na Clínica Neurológica da Santa Casa de Caridade de Diamantina, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Foram analisados todos os dados referentes às infecções bucais e hospitalares, ocorridas no período de março de 2017 a março de 2018, obtidos pela Comissão de Controle de Infecção Hospitalar da instituição. A população estudada compreendeu todos os pacientes desses setores, com idade acima de 16 anos, de ambos os sexos e que tiveram infecção bucal após 48 horas de internação. Resultados: Dentro do total de 2.703 pacientes a prevalência de infecção bucal foi de 1,15% (n=31) dentro do período de 13 meses, sendo a candidíase de maior ocorrência. A prevalência de infecção hospitalar foi de 2,85%. Conclusão: A prevalência das infecções bucais foi maior no CTI, em comparação à Clínica Neurológica, sendo a infecção mais prevalente a candidíase oral. Sugere-se maior atenção à saúde bucal dos pacientes hospitalizados, diante da maior vulnerabilidade dosmesmos às infecções bucais


Aim: To verify the oral infections prevalence in a hospital environment within a period of 13 months. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out at the Intensive Care Center and Neurological Clinic of Santa Casa de Caridade, in Diamantina,Minas Gerais, Brasil. All data referring to oral and hospital infections occurred in the period from March 2017 to March 2018 were obtained. The research source was the Hospital Infection Control Committee of the institution. The sample comprised all the patients of these sectors, aged over 16 years, of both genders and who had oral infection after 48 hours of hospitalization. Results: Within 2703 patients, the oral infection prevalence was 1.15% (n=31) within 13 months, being candidiasis the most frequent. The prevalence of nosocomial infection was 2.85%. Conclusion:The prevalence of oral infections was higher in the Intensive Care Center compared to Neurological Clinic, being candidiasis the most common oral infection. More attention should be given tothe hospitalized patients's oral health, considering their greater vulnerability to oral infections

12.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 27: e20180316, 2019 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30810638

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the levels of salivary biomarkers IL-1ß, IL-10, RANK, OPG, MMP-2, TG-ß and TNF-α in individuals with diagnosis of peri-implant mucositis in the absence or presence of periodontal and peri-implant maintenance therapy (TMPP) over 5 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty individuals diagnosed with peri-implant mucositis were divided into two groups: one group that underwent periodontal and peri-implant regularly maintenance therapy, called GTP (n=39), and a second group that received no regular maintenance GNTP (n=41). Each participant underwent a complete periodontal and peri-implant clinical examination. Collection of saliva samples and radiographic examination to evaluate peri-implant bone levels were conducted at two times: initial examination (T1) and after 5 years (T2). The salivary samples were evaluated through ELISA for the following markers: IL-1ß, IL-10, RANK, OPG, MMP-2, TGF and TNF-α. RESULTS: A higher incidence of peri-implantitis was observed in the GNTP group (43.9%) than in the GTP group (18%) (p=0.000). All individuals (n=12) who presented peri-implant mucositis and had resolution at T2 were in the GTP group. After 5 years, there was an increase in the incidence of periodontitis in the GNTP group compared to the GTP group (p=0.001). The results of the study revealed an increase in the salivary concentration of TNF-α in the GNTP group compared to the GTP group. The other salivary biomarkers that were evaluated did not show statistically significant differences between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: The salivary concentration of TNF-α was increased in individuals with worse periodontal and peri-implant clinical condition and in those with a higher incidence of peri-implantitis, especially in the GNTP group. Longitudinal studies in larger populations are needed to confirm these findings and elucidate the role of this biomarker in peri-implant disease.


Assuntos
Citocinas/análise , Implantes Dentários/efeitos adversos , Osteoprotegerina/análise , Periodontite/patologia , Receptor Ativador de Fator Nuclear kappa-B/análise , Saliva/química , Estomatite/patologia , Biomarcadores/análise , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Progressão da Doença , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Seguimentos , Humanos , Periodontite/diagnóstico , Valores de Referência , Fatores de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Estomatite/diagnóstico
13.
Acta Odontol Scand ; 77(3): 219-223, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30646808

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify and compare the self-reported and diagnosed prevalence of dentinal hypersensitivity (DH) in an University population; and to verify accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of DH stimuli tests. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three hundred and eighty patients (67.2% women and 32.8% men) were assessed by questionnaire, clinical exam, tactile and cold water tests. The intensity of DH was assessed using a visual analogue scale, and a calibrated examiner measured the scores using a caliper. The ICC for intra-examiner was 0.990. Scores above 5 mm were considered sensitive teeth. The association between variables was assessed by Chi-square test. ROC curve analysis determined accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of the tests (p < .05). RESULTS: The mean age of participants was 24.08 years. 158 (41.7%) volunteers self-reported the presence of DH, while, 88.7% of the participants were clinically diagnosed (p = .023). In total, 8958 teeth were evaluated, of those 3367 (37.6%) were diagnosed sensitive. The most prevalent teeth with DH were incisors and premolars. The accuracy of the tests with cold water and tactile were 99%. The sensitivity and specificity for cold water and tactile tests were 99.9%, 99.7%, 99.1% and 87.6%, respectively. CONCLUSION: The self-reported prevalence of DH was significantly lower than that clinically diagnosed. The cold test proved to be a highly accurate stimulus for the diagnosis of DH.


Assuntos
Sensibilidade da Dentina/diagnóstico , Sensibilidade da Dentina/epidemiologia , Nível de Saúde , Saúde Bucal , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Autorrelato , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
14.
Full dent. sci ; 10(38): 86-89, 2019. ilus
Artigo em Português | BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-996512

RESUMO

Este estudo objetivou relatar um caso de disfunção temporomandibular em paciente infantil, no qual foi confeccionado um Front Plateaupara auxiliar na etiologia da dor e diminuir a sintomatologia. A placa frontal foi empregada durante 15 dias, somente nos períodos de maior estresse que coincidiram com o período escolar da paciente, sendo utilizada em poucas horas no dia para que não ocorresse extrusão dos dentes posteriores. Houve melhora total nas dores após o uso. A utilização do Front Plateau auxiliou no diagnóstico e tratamento da DTM, contribuindo para redução significativa dos sintomas e melhora da qualidade de vida da paciente (AU).


This study aimed to report a case of temporomandibular dysfunction in a pediatric patient, in which a Front Plateau was made to aid in the etiology of pain and to reduce the symptomatology. The frontal plate was used for 15 days, only during the periods of greater stress that coincided with the school period of the patient, being used in a few hours in the day so that no extrusion of the posterior teeth occurred. There was total improvement in pain after use. The use of Front Plateau assisted in the diagnosis and treatment of TMD, contributing to significant reduction of symptoms and improvement of the patient's quality of life (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Criança , Qualidade de Vida , Articulação Temporomandibular , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/diagnóstico , Placas Oclusais , Brasil , Criança
15.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180316, 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-984569

RESUMO

Abstract Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the levels of salivary biomarkers IL-1β, IL-10, RANK, OPG, MMP-2, TG-β and TNF-α in individuals with diagnosis of peri-implant mucositis in the absence or presence of periodontal and peri-implant maintenance therapy (TMPP) over 5 years. Material and Methods Eighty individuals diagnosed with peri-implant mucositis were divided into two groups: one group that underwent periodontal and peri-implant regularly maintenance therapy, called GTP (n=39), and a second group that received no regular maintenance GNTP (n=41). Each participant underwent a complete periodontal and peri-implant clinical examination. Collection of saliva samples and radiographic examination to evaluate peri-implant bone levels were conducted at two times: initial examination (T1) and after 5 years (T2). The salivary samples were evaluated through ELISA for the following markers: IL-1β, IL-10, RANK, OPG, MMP-2, TGF and TNF-α. Results A higher incidence of peri-implantitis was observed in the GNTP group (43.9%) than in the GTP group (18%) (p=0.000). All individuals (n=12) who presented peri-implant mucositis and had resolution at T2 were in the GTP group. After 5 years, there was an increase in the incidence of periodontitis in the GNTP group compared to the GTP group (p=0.001). The results of the study revealed an increase in the salivary concentration of TNF-α in the GNTP group compared to the GTP group. The other salivary biomarkers that were evaluated did not show statistically significant differences between the two groups. Conclusions The salivary concentration of TNF-α was increased in individuals with worse periodontal and peri-implant clinical condition and in those with a higher incidence of peri-implantitis, especially in the GNTP group. Longitudinal studies in larger populations are needed to confirm these findings and elucidate the role of this biomarker in peri-implant disease.

16.
Arch Oral Biol ; 96: 216-222, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30300769

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The most accurate data help to minimize possible mistakes on a patient´s evaluation, as more robust findings are necessary to establish a correct diagnosis, prognosis and, consequently, better treatment. PURPOSE: Could biomarker levels in the saliva help to distinguish between healthy implants and implants with peri-implant disease? MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic database search of Pubmed/MEDLINE, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, OVID and Scielo was performed. The articles and abstracts identified were considered relevant if they compared cytokine levels in saliva from patients with healthy implants to those in saliva from patients with untreated peri-implantitis. RESULTS: Lower salivary levels of interleukin 1ß were found in healthy implants than in inflamed implants. A significantly positive correlation was found between the salivary levels of IL-6 and peri-implant inflammatory conditions. The salivary concentrations of total antioxidants, urate and ascorbate were higher in healthy implants than in inflamed implants. The data extracted from the 6 studies evaluated in this review revealed heterogeneity in relation to the clinical parameters assessed, implant restoration, bone loss and peri-implant disease definitions. CONCLUSIONS: There was no clear, developed basis for using any specific biomarker in a clinical setting to distinguish between healthy implants and those with peri implant disease.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/análise , Implantes Dentários , Interleucina-1beta/análise , Interleucina-6/análise , Peri-Implantite/diagnóstico , Saliva/química , Antioxidantes/análise , Ácido Ascórbico/análise , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Ácido Úrico/análise
17.
BMC Oral Health ; 18(1): 155, 2018 09 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30176855

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional study aimed to identify the factors associated to the cervical dentin hypersensitivity (DH) in Brazilian adult population. METHODS: Three hundred and eighty patients (67.2% women and 32.8% men) were assessed by questionnaire and thermal test with ice. Participants marked in a visual analogue scale (VAS) the intensity of pain, and a calibrated examiner (ICC 0.990) measured the scores using a caliper. Pain scores above 0.5 mm were considered sensitive teeth. The DH associated factors were investigated by clinical examination. The association between variables was assessed by Spearman correlation and the Chi-square test. Logistic regression was used to determine the variables that predict DH (p < 0.05). RESULTS: The mean age of participants was 24.08 years. In this population, 8958 teeth were evaluated, of those 3037 (33.9%) were diagnosed sensitive. The most prevalent associated factors to DH were abnormal tooth positioning (9.0%), occlusal trauma (6.5%) and gingival recession (5.6%). The erosion predicted significantly the DH on both simple (OR 7.85, p < 0.001) and multiple(OR 4.36, p < 0.001) analysis. CONCLUSION: The exposure of dentinal tubules by erosion is probably the major predictor of dentin hypersensitivity. The healthy tooth is able to protect against DH.


Assuntos
Sensibilidade da Dentina/diagnóstico , Sensibilidade da Dentina/etiologia , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Medição da Dor , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
18.
Rev. estomat. salud ; 26(1): 8-9, 20180901.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-916046

RESUMO

Currently, it has been observed a growing number of publications in all fields of Dentistry. These publications act as scientific evidence, as well as a basis for clinical decision-making in dental care routine. It is important to note that the results and conclusions in articles are based on the p-value that is a purely probabilistic and statistical parameter, and it assists the researcher to accept or reject the null hypothesis being tested. The p-value was proposed by Fisher in 1925, and in Dentistry, it is usual to adopt the p-value stated in 0.05.1 In practical terms, when a statistical test results in p-value less than 0.05, the null hypothesis must be rejected (equality between groups), assuming that there is a difference between the assessed groups.2 In other words, p<0.05 indicates statistically significant difference between groups. Under a critical look, the researcher and reader should keep in mind that a statistical difference is not always reflecting a true clinical importance. In addition, a lack of statistical significance does not necessarily relate to the absence of clinical significance. The clinical importance is far beyond statistical calculations based on the p-value.3 A study presents clinical importance when the one being tested presents clinical effect capable to change the behavior of the dentist in daily routine. This judgment should be done by the researcher based on the results of his/her research, clinical experience and actual knowledge. In addition, estimates of effect sizes should be presented. This facilitates assessment of how large or small the observed effect could actually be in the population of interest, and hence how clinically important it could be. Kassab et al. (2006)4 compared periodontal parameters in groups with and without chemical biomodifciation of the root prior surgical coverage in cases of gingival recession. The group, that used edetic acid, statistically improved the periodontal parameters in relation to the group without surface biomodification. However, this difference was imperceptible to both dentist and patient. That is, the clinical result of root coverage will be the same when using or not acid biomodification of the root. In other words, there was not an important clinical effect of this step, although there was a significant difference. In the above example, it is clear that just because a statistic test is significant doesn't mean the effect it measures is significant or clinically important. Then, researchers


Assuntos
Humanos , Editorial , Odontologia , Ortodontia , Periodontia , Prostodontia , Cirurgia Bucal , Bioestatística , Probabilidade , Epidemiologia e Bioestatística , Odontopediatria , Estatística , Endodontia , Odontologia Geriátrica
19.
Braz Oral Res ; 32: e37, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29723336

RESUMO

The dentine hypersensitivity (DH) is able to impair the oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL). However, there isn't any specific validated questionnaire to be used in Brazil. The objective was to adapt and to validate the English version of the Dentine Hypersensitivity Experience Questionnaire (DHEQ-15) for use in Brazil. DHEQ-15 was cross-culturally adapted into the Brazilian-Portuguese language and then validated in a cross-sectional study with 100 participants recruited at a University clinic. Study sample comprised 2 groups: 100 individuals with DH, and 100 individuals without. The instrument was self-administered twice 7 to 10 days apart. The participants answered a global rating of oral health. The psychometric properties of the Brazilian version of DHEQ-15 were verified through internal consistency (Cronbach's α) and test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient - ICC), convergent (Spearman correlation) and discriminant (Mann-Whitney test) validity. The significance threshold was set at p<0.05. Sample comprised 69 men and 131 women, of mean age 30.4y. The Brazilian DHEQ-15 demonstrated very good internal consistency (α = 0.945). Test-retest reliability revealed excellent reproducibility (ICC = 0.959, p < 0.001). There was statistically significant correlation between the scores obtained on all DHEQ-15 domains and the global rating of oral health (p<0.001). Participants with DH scored significantly higher than those without DH (p<0.001). This study provides evidence supporting the cross-cultural validity of the Brazilian version of DHEQ-15 for use in Brazil.


Assuntos
Sensibilidade da Dentina/fisiopatologia , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Traduções , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil , Comparação Transcultural , Estudos Transversais , Sensibilidade da Dentina/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Adulto Jovem
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29325853

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine whether Sjögren syndrome (SS) is related to periodontal status. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review was performed on the basis of PRISMA (PROSPERO: CRD42017055202). A search was performed in the PubMed/MEDLINE, LILACS, Web of Science, and Science Direct databases. Hand searches and review of the gray literature were also performed. Three researchers independently selected studies, extracted data, and assessed methodologic quality. Studies that correlated primary and/or secondary SS with plaque index, gingival index, probing depth, and bleeding on probing were included. The risk of bias was estimated on the basis of the Newcastle-Ottawa scale. RESULTS: Seventeen studies were included in the review and 9 included in the meta-analysis, with a total of 518 and 544 patients, with or without SS, respectively. The mean difference of plaque index (0.29; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.17-0.41), gingival index (0.52; 95% CI 0.14-0.89), and bleeding on probing (9.92; 95% CI 4.37-15.47) were larger in patients with SS than in controls. In primary SS (0.47; 95% CI 0.10-0.83) and secondary SS (0.74; 95% CI 0.10-1.38), only the mean gingival index was larger compared with that in control group. The majority of the included studies were judged as having a high risk of bias. CONCLUSIONS: The present review did not provide strong evidence that periodontal status is affected by SS.


Assuntos
Doenças Periodontais/etiologia , Síndrome de Sjogren/complicações , Humanos , Higiene Bucal , Doenças Periodontais/prevenção & controle , Fatores de Risco , Síndrome de Sjogren/prevenção & controle
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