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1.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 24(24): 5721-5726, 2014 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25453808

RESUMO

A new class of Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors was discovered using a rationally designed pyrrolo[1,2-b]pyridazine-3-carboxamide scaffold. Preliminary studies identified (R)-(2,2-dimethylcyclopentyl)amine as a preferred C4 substituent on the pyrrolopyridazine core (3b). Incorporation of amino group to 3-position of the cyclopentane ring resulted in a series of JAK3 inhibitors (4g-4j) that potently inhibited IFNγ production in an IL2-induced whole blood assay and displayed high functional selectivity for JAK3-JAK1 pathway relative to JAK2. Further modifications led to the discovery of an orally bioavailable (2-fluoro-2-methylcyclopentyl)amino analogue 5g which is a nanomolar inhibitor of both JAK3 and TYK2, functionally selective for the JAK3-JAK1 pathway versus JAK2, and active in a human whole blood assay.


Assuntos
Descoberta de Drogas , Janus Quinase 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Janus Quinase 2/antagonistas & inibidores , Janus Quinase 3/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Piridazinas/química , Pirróis/química , Administração Oral , Animais , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Humanos , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Conformação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacocinética , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Distribuição Tecidual
2.
J Med Chem ; 53(23): 8241-51, 2010 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21073190

RESUMO

A series of 2,2-dimethyl-3,3-diphenyl-propanamides as novel glucocorticoid receptor modulators is reported. SAR exploration led to the identification of 4-hydroxyphenyl propanamide derivatives displaying good agonist activity in GR-mediated transrepression assays and reduced agonist activity in GR-mediated transactivation assays. Compounds 17 and 30 showed anti-inflammatory activity comparable to prednisolone in the rat carrageenan-induced paw edema model, with markedly decreased side effects with regard to increases in blood glucose and expression of hepatic tyrosine aminotransferase. A hypothetical binding mode accounting for the induction of the functional activity by a 4-hydroxyl group is proposed.


Assuntos
Amidas/farmacologia , Receptores de Glucocorticoides/agonistas , Amidas/química , Animais , Modelos Moleculares , Ratos
3.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 19(8): 2139-43, 2009 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19321341

RESUMO

A series of dihydro-9,10-ethano-anthracene-11-carboxamides as novel glucocorticoid receptor modulators is reported. SAR exploration identified compounds from this series displaying a promising dissociation profile in discriminating between transrepression and transactivation activities. 17a is a partial agonist of GR-mediated transactivation which elicits potent and efficacious transrepression in reporter gene assays. A hypothetical binding mode is provided which accounts for the induction of functional activity by a bridgehead methyl group.


Assuntos
Antracenos/farmacologia , Descoberta de Drogas , Receptores de Glucocorticoides/metabolismo , Antracenos/química , Linhagem Celular , Cristalografia por Raios X , Descoberta de Drogas/métodos , Glucocorticoides/química , Glucocorticoides/farmacologia , Humanos , Ligação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Ligação Proteica/fisiologia , Receptores de Glucocorticoides/agonistas , Receptores de Glucocorticoides/fisiologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
4.
Future Med Chem ; 1(6): 1029-36, 2009 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21425992

RESUMO

Humankind has been in the business of discovering drugs for thousands of years. At present, small-molecule drug design is based on specific macromolecular receptors as targets for inhibition or modulation. To this end, a number of clever approaches have evolved over time: computer-aided techniques including structure-activity relationships and synthesis, high-throughput screening, quantitative structure-activity relationships, hypotheses derived from ligand- and/or structure-based information and focused library approaches. In recent years, several alternative strategies have appeared in the form of the emerging paradigms of polypharmacology, systems biology and personalized medicine. These innovations point to key challenges and breakthroughs likely to affect the future of small-molecule drug discovery.


Assuntos
Descoberta de Drogas/métodos , Descoberta de Drogas/tendências , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Projeto Auxiliado por Computador , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional , Estrutura Molecular , Extratos Vegetais/química , Medicina de Precisão , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Biologia de Sistemas
5.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 14(4): 1027-30, 2004 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15013016

RESUMO

A series of substituted guanidine derivatives were prepared and evaluated as potent and selective inhibitors of mitochondrial F(1)F(0) ATP hydrolase. The initial thiourethane derived lead molecules possessed intriguing in vitro pharmacological profiles, though contained moieties considered non-drug-like. Analogue synthesis efforts led to compounds with maintained potency and superior physical properties. Small molecules in this series which potently and selectivity inhibit ATP hydrolase and not ATP synthase may have utility as cardioprotective agents.


Assuntos
Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Guanidinas/farmacologia , Mitocôndrias/enzimologia , ATPases Mitocondriais Próton-Translocadoras/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Bovinos , Inibidores Enzimáticos/síntese química , Guanidinas/síntese química , ATPases Mitocondriais Próton-Translocadoras/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
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