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1.
Curr Hypertens Rep ; 21(8): 58, 2019 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31190099

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goals of this paper were to examine recent literature on the social determinants of health as they relate to hypertension and cardiovascular disease, and discuss relevance to the practice of emergency medicine. RECENT FINDINGS: Social determinants of health, defined by the World Health Organization as "the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work, and age" ( https://www.who.int/social_determinants/thecommission/en/ ) play a complex role in the development of hypertension and cardiovascular disease and the persistence of racial disparities in related health outcomes. Deciphering the independent association between minority status and social determinants in the United States is challenging. As a result, much of the recent interventional work has targeted populations by race or ethnicity in order to address these disparities. There is opportunity to expand the work on social determinants of health and hypertension. This includes exploring innovative approaches to identifying at-need individuals and breaking down traditional siloes to develop multidimensional interventions. New funding and payment mechanisms will allow for providers and health systems to identify and target modifiable social determinants of health at the level of the individual patient to improve outcomes.

2.
J Emerg Nurs ; 45(1): 46-53, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29960719

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Prior research suggests that uncertainty related to symptoms is a driver of emergency department (ED) use, and that patients often leave the ED with uncertainty not being addressed. Our objective was to engage patients to identify domains that contribute to feelings of uncertainty and decisions to use the ED. METHODS: We used Group Concept Mapping, a quasi-qualitative/quasi-quantitative method, to elicit patients' views on how uncertainty related to experiencing symptoms contributes to decisions to access the ED. Purposive sampling was used to recruit participants who either sought treatment at the ED twice within a 30-day period, or visited both the ED and a primary care provider at least once within the past year. RESULTS: Thirty-four participants engaged in two rounds of Group Concept Mapping during which participants participated in structured brainstorming of ideas, followed by ranking and clustering of ideas into domains. The first round generated 47 idea statements reflecting uncertainty about consequences, severity, emergency room services, primary care options, finances, and psychologic concerns. The second round generated 52 idea statements reflecting uncertainty about self-management, causation, diagnosis and treatment plan, trust in the provider and institution, accessibility, and alternative care options. DISCUSSION: Factors that contribute to uncertainty and decision-making about ED use are both intrinsic (ie, cause, symptom severity) and extrinsic (ie, finances, accessibility). These domains can inform approaches to measure the uncertainty that patients experience, and to design and test interventions for nurses and other providers to help manage patient uncertainty during acute illness.


Assuntos
Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Incerteza , Adulto , Idoso , Tomada de Decisões , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
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