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1.
Sleep Med ; 63: 115-121, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31622952

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Adiposity is a well-established risk factor for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) but the existence of a preferable anthropometric measurement is not established or whether the combination of measurements may improve the accuracy to detect OSA. This study aimed to compare the accuracies of body mass index (BMI), several surrogate markers of body fat (in isolation or combined) and validated questionnaires for screening OSA. METHODS: A total of 2059 participants from the ELSA-Brasil study given anthropometric measurements using standard procedures and a home sleep study. OSA was defined by an apnea-hypopnea index ≥15 events/hour. RESULTS: The frequency of OSA was 32.3%. Compared with the non-OSA group, all anthropometric measurements were higher in the OSA group. Age and gender-adjusted BMI afforded the highest accuracy to detect OSA [AUC = 0.760 (0.739-0.781)], followed by waist [AUC = 0.753 (0.732-0.775)] and neck [AUC = 0.733 (0.711-0.755)] circumferences, waist-to-hip ratio [AUC = 0.722 (0.699-0.745)] and body shape index [AUC = 0.680 (0.656-0.704)]. The combination of two or more anthropometric measurements did not improve the accuracy of BMI in predicting OSA. The adjusted BMI had similar predictive performance to the NoSAS score [AUC = 0.748 (0.727-0.770)] but a better accuracy than the Berlin Questionnaire [AUC = 0.676 (0.653-0.699)]. CONCLUSIONS: Despite one's intuition, surrogate markers of regional adiposity are not better than BMI in screening OSA. Combining measurements of global and/or regional adiposity did not have additional value in detecting OSA. The merely fair accuracy range of BMI and sleep questionnaires underscore the need for additional tools to improve OSA underdiagnosis.

2.
Ann Am Thorac Soc ; 16(11): 1414-1421, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31514508

RESUMO

Rationale: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with poor blood pressure (BP) control and resistant hypertension (RH). Nevertheless, studies assessing its prevalence, characteristics, and association with BP control in patients with RH are limited.Objectives: The aim of this multicenter study was to assess the prevalence of OSA in a large cohort of subjects with RH and to evaluate the association of OSA with BP control.Methods: We recruited consecutive subjects with RH from three countries. A formal sleep test and blood pressure measurements, including 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, were performed in all participants.Results: In total, 284 subjects with RH were included in the final analysis. Of these, 83.5% (95% confidence interval [CI], 78.7-87.3%) had OSA (apnea-hypopnea index ≥ 5 events/h); 31.7% (95% CI, 26.5-37.3%) had mild OSA, 25.7% (95% CI, 21-31.1%) had moderate OSA, and 26.1% (95% CI, 21.3-31.5%) had severe OSA. Patients with severe OSA had higher BP values than subjects with mild to moderate or no OSA. A greater effect was observed on the average nighttime BP, with an adjusted effect of 5.72 mm Hg (95% CI, 1.08-10.35 mm Hg) in severe OSA compared with participants without OSA. A dose-response association between the severity of OSA and BP values was observed. The prevalence of severe OSA was slightly higher in uncontrolled participants (adjusted odds ratio, 1.69; 95% CI, 0.97-2.99) but was not statistically significant.Conclusions: The present study confirms the high prevalence of OSA in participants with RH. Furthermore, it shows a dose-response association between OSA severity and BP measurements, especially in the nighttime.Clinical trial registered with www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT03002558).

4.
Chest ; 155(6): 1101-1102, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31174633
5.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 104(10): 4695-4702, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31216002

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Primary aldosteronism (PA) is the most common cause of endocrine hypertension (HT). HT remission (defined as blood pressure <140/90 mm Hg without antihypertensive drugs) has been reported in approximately 50% of patients with unilateral PA after adrenalectomy. HT duration and severity are predictors of blood pressure response, but the prognostic role of somatic KCNJ5 mutations is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To determine clinical and molecular features associated with HT remission after adrenalectomy in patients with unilateral PA. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 100 patients with PA (60 women; median age at diagnosis 48 years with a median follow-up of 26 months). Anatomopathological analysis revealed 90 aldosterone-producing adenomas, 1 carcinoma, and 9 unilateral adrenal hyperplasias. All patients had biochemical cure after unilateral adrenalectomy. KCNJ5 gene was sequenced in 76 cases. RESULTS: KCNJ5 mutations were identified in 33 of 76 (43.4%) tumors: p.Gly151Arg (n = 17), p.Leu168Arg (n = 15), and p.Glu145Gln (n = 1). HT remission was reported in 37 of 100 (37%) patients. Among patients with HT remission, 73% were women (P = 0.04), 48.6% used more than three antihypertensive medications (P = 0.0001), and 64.9% had HT duration <10 years (P = 0.0015) compared with those without HT remission. Somatic KCNJ5 mutations were associated with female sex (P = 0.004), larger nodules (P = 0.001), and HT remission (P = 0.0001). In multivariate analysis, only a somatic KCNJ5 mutation was an independent predictor of HT remission after adrenalectomy (P = 0.004). CONCLUSION: The presence of a KCNJ5 somatic mutation is an independent predictor of HT remission after unilateral adrenalectomy in patients with unilateral PA.

6.
Chest ; 155(6): 1190-1198, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30948225

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: OSA and short sleep duration (SSD) are frequently associated with daytime symptoms and cardiometabolic deregulation. However, the vast majority of studies addressing OSA have not evaluated SSD, and vice versa. Our aim was to evaluate the association of OSA, SSD, and their interactions with sleepiness and cardiometabolic risk factors in a large cohort of adults. METHODS: Consecutive subjects from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) participated in clinical evaluations, sleep questionnaires, home sleep monitoring, and actigraphy. OSA was defined as an apnea-hypopnea index ≥ 15 events/hour. SSD was defined by a mean sleep duration < 6 h. RESULTS: Data from 2,064 participants were used in the final analysis (42.8% male; mean age, 49 ± 8 years). The overall frequency of OSA and SSD were 32.9% and 27.2%, respectively. Following an adjustment for multiple confounding factors, excessive daytime sleepiness was independently associated with SSD (OR, 1.448; 95% CI, 1.172-1.790) but not with OSA (OR, 1.107; 95% CI, 0.888-1.380). The SSD interaction with OSA was not significant. Prevalent obesity (OR, 3.894; 95% CI, 3.077-4.928), hypertension (OR, 1.314; 95% CI, 1.035-1.667), and dyslipidemia (OR, 1.251; 95% CI, 1.006-1.555) were independently associated with OSA but not with SSD. Similarly, the interactions of OSA with SSD were not significant. An additional analysis using < 5 h for SSD or continuous sleep duration did not change the lack of association with the cardiometabolic risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: Objective SSD but not OSA was independently associated with daytime sleepiness. By contrast, OSA, but not SSD, was independently associated with obesity, hypertension, and dyslipidemia.

7.
Hypertension. ; 73(3): 571-577, Mar. 2019. gráfico, tabela
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1024882

RESUMO

Bariatric surgery is an effective strategy for blood pressure (BP) reduction, but most of the evidence relies on office BP measurements. In this study, we evaluated the impact of bariatric surgery on 24-hour BP profile, BP variability, and resistant hypertension prevalence. This is a randomized trial including obese patients with grade 1 and 2 using at least 2 antihypertensive drugs at maximal doses or >2 at moderate doses. Patients were allocated to either Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) combined with medical therapy or medical therapy alone for 12 months. The primary outcome was the 24-hour BP profile and variability (average real variability of daytime and night time BP). We evaluated the nondipping status and prevalence of resistant hypertension as secondary end points. We included 100 patients (76% female, body mass index, 36.9±2.7 kg/m2). The 24-hour BP profile (including nondipping status) was similar after 12 months, but the RYGB group required less antihypertensive classes as compared to the medical therapy alone (0 [0­1] versus 3 [2.5­4] classes; P<0.01). The average real variability of systolic nighttime BP was lower after RYGB as compared to medical therapy (between-group difference, −1.63; 95% CI, −2.91 to −0.36; P=0.01). Prevalence of resistant hypertension was similar at baseline (RYGB, 10% versus MT, 16%; P=0.38), but it was significantly lower in the RYGB at 12 months (0% versus 14.9%; P<0.001). In conclusion, RYGB significantly reduced antihypertensive medications while promoting similar 24-hour BP profile and nondipping status. Interestingly, bariatric surgery improved BP variability and may decrease the burden of resistant hypertension associated with obesity. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Cirurgia Bariátrica , Hipertensão , Obesidade/terapia
8.
Atherosclerosis ; 284: 59-65, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30875494

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: It is uncertain whether non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with aortic stiffness in a racial/ethnically diverse and admixed society. We addressed whether NAFLD presence and severity were associated with carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cf-PWV) in individuals free of cardiovascular disease. METHODS: In 7196 individuals free of cardiovascular disease at the baseline Brazilian longitudinal study of adult health, we classified NAFLD presence and severity (mild, moderate and severe) by ultrasound hepatic attenuation. We measured cf-PWV using a non-invasive validated device (Complior SP, Artech Medicale France). We compared cf-PWV of NAFLD individuals to those without by analysis of covariance adjusted for demographics, life style, waist circumference, and arterial pressure. We also analyzed the cf-PWV trend from no-NAFLD to severe NAFLD. RESULTS: In unadjusted analysis, from no-NAFLD to severe NAFLD, there were slightly older individuals, lower frequency of smokers, more prevalent diabetes and hypertension. In adjusted analysis, there was slightly higher cf-PWV (m/s) (95%CI) in NAFLD vs. no-NAFLD, respectively 9.32 (9.22, 9.41) and 9.24 (9.15, 9.33) (p = 0.037). Across NAFLD severity spectrum, adjusted cf-PWV increased from 9.24 (9.15, 9.33) in no-NAFLD to 9.69 (9.46, 9.93) in severe NAFLD (p for trend association = 0.001). In sensitivity analysis, diabetes adjustment nullified the association of binary NAFLD with cf-PWV, but not that of increasingly severe NAFLD. CONCLUSIONS: In racial/ethnically diverse individuals free of cardiovascular disease, NAFLD is associated with aortic stiffness beyond abdominal obesity. The specific NAFLD impact on CVD worldwide is potentially relevant.

9.
Hypertension ; 73(3): 571-577, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30661477

RESUMO

Bariatric surgery is an effective strategy for blood pressure (BP) reduction, but most of the evidence relies on office BP measurements. In this study, we evaluated the impact of bariatric surgery on 24-hour BP profile, BP variability, and resistant hypertension prevalence. This is a randomized trial including obese patients with grade 1 and 2 using at least 2 antihypertensive drugs at maximal doses or >2 at moderate doses. Patients were allocated to either Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) combined with medical therapy or medical therapy alone for 12 months. The primary outcome was the 24-hour BP profile and variability (average real variability of daytime and night time BP). We evaluated the nondipping status and prevalence of resistant hypertension as secondary end points. We included 100 patients (76% female, body mass index, 36.9±2.7 kg/m2). The 24-hour BP profile (including nondipping status) was similar after 12 months, but the RYGB group required less antihypertensive classes as compared to the medical therapy alone (0 [0-1] versus 3 [2.5-4] classes; P<0.01). The average real variability of systolic nighttime BP was lower after RYGB as compared to medical therapy (between-group difference, -1.63; 95% CI, -2.91 to -0.36; P=0.01). Prevalence of resistant hypertension was similar at baseline (RYGB, 10% versus MT, 16%; P=0.38), but it was significantly lower in the RYGB at 12 months (0% versus 14.9%; P<0.001). In conclusion, RYGB significantly reduced antihypertensive medications while promoting similar 24-hour BP profile and nondipping status. Interestingly, bariatric surgery improved BP variability and may decrease the burden of resistant hypertension associated with obesity. Clinical Trial Registration- URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Unique identifier: NCT01784848.


Assuntos
Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Cirurgia Bariátrica , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Hipertensão/terapia , Obesidade/cirurgia , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/etiologia , Masculino , Obesidade/complicações , Prevalência , Prognóstico
10.
In. Consolim-Colombo, Fernanda M; Saraiva, José Francisco Kerr; Izar, Maria Cristina de Oliveira. Tratado de Cardiologia: SOCESP / Cardiology Treaty: SOCESP. São Paulo, Manole, 4ª; 2019. p.471-477.
Monografia em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1009117
13.
Hypertension ; 72(4): 979-985, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30354706

RESUMO

A nondipping blood pressure (BP) pattern is common in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, it is unclear how useful a nondipping BP pattern is in screening for OSA. In this cross-sectional study, we recruited consecutive patients with clinical indications for performing ambulatory BP monitoring evaluating the following dipping patterns: (1) normal: ≥10% but <20%; (2) extreme: ≥20%; (3) reduced: ≥0% but <10%; and (4) reverse (riser): <0%. Sleep questionnaires and sleep studies were performed within 7 days after ambulatory BP monitoring. OSA was defined as an apnea-hypopnea index ≥15 events/h. We evaluated 153 patients (OSA frequency, 50.3%). Patients with OSA had higher BPs during sleep, were taking more antihypertensive drugs, and more frequently used hypertensive drugs during the night than patients without OSA. Considering systolic BP, the frequency of OSA in patients with reverse dippers (73.5%) was higher than normal (37.3%), extreme (46.2%), and reduced dippers (49.1%; P=0.012). For diastolic BP, OSA was more common in reduced (66.7%) and reverse dippers (69.6%) as compared to normal (41.4%) or extreme dippers (33.3%; P=0.007). In the regression analysis, reverse systolic dipper was independently associated with OSA (odds ratio, 3.92; 95% CI, 1.31-11.78). Both reduced and reverse diastolic dippers increased the likelihood of OSA for 2.7-fold and 3.5-fold, respectively. Snoring and positive sleep questionnaire findings were associated with a modest increase in the accuracy of reverse dipping pattern for predicting OSA. In conclusion, reverse systolic, as well as reduced and reverse diastolic dippers are independently associated with OSA.

14.
Eur Respir J ; 52(5)2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30287472

RESUMO

Cross-sectional studies have demonstrated that obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and metabolic syndrome (MetS) are often associated, but whether a temporal relationship exists is unknown. We aimed to investigate the effect of OSA on the risk of developing MetS in the general population.A prospective study was conducted combining two population-based samples: Episono (Brazil) and HypnoLaus (Switzerland). MetS was assessed according to unified criteria. Polysomnography (PSG) was performed at baseline and follow-up in Episono, and at baseline in HypnoLaus. OSA was defined according to the apnoea-hypopnoea index as mild (≥5- <15 events h-1) and moderate-to-severe (≥15 events·h-1). We included 1853 participants (mean±sd age 52±13 years, 56% female) without MetS at baseline.After mean±sd 6±1 years, 318 (17.2%) participants developed MetS. Moderate-to-severe OSA was independently associated with incident MetS (OR 2.58, 95% CI 1.61-4.11) and increased the number of MetS components from baseline to follow-up through mediation of the percentage of time with arterial oxygen saturation <90%. Subset analysis in Episono confirmed that the increase in this parameter between baseline and follow-up PSGs represented a risk factor for incident MetS (OR 1.42, 95% CI 1.04-1.95, for each 10% increase).OSA is independently associated with an increased risk of developing MetS through mediation of nocturnal hypoxaemia in the general population.

15.
Chest ; 2018 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30268694

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although recent evidence suggests that OSA treatment may cause weight gain, the long-term effects of CPAP on weight are not well established. METHODS: This study was a post hoc analysis of the Sleep Apnea Cardiovascular Endpoints (SAVE) study, a multicenter, randomized trial of CPAP plus standard care vs standard care alone in adults with a history of cardiac or cerebrovascular events and moderate to severe OSA. Participants with weight, BMI, and neck and waist circumferences measured at baseline and during follow-up were included. Linear mixed models were used to examine sex-specific temporal differences, and a sensitivity analysis compared high CPAP adherers (≥ 4 h per night) with propensity-matched control participants. RESULTS: A total of 2,483 adults (1,248 in the CPAP group and 1,235 in the control group) were included (mean 6.1 ± 1.5 measures of weight available). After a mean follow-up of 3.78 years, there was no difference in weight change between the CPAP and control groups, for male subjects (mean [95% CI] between-group difference, 0.07 kg [-0.40 to 0.54]; P = .773) or female subjects (mean [95% CI] between-group difference, -0.14 kg [-0.37 to 0.09]; P = .233). Similarly, there were no significant differences in BMI or other anthropometric measures. Although male participants who used CPAP ≥ 4 h per night gained slightly more weight than matched male control subjects without CPAP (mean difference, 0.38 kg [95% CI, 0.04 to 0.73]; P = .031), there were no between-group differences in other anthropometric variables, nor were there any differences between female high CPAP adherers and matched control subjects. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term CPAP use in patients with comorbid OSA and cardiovascular disease does not result in clinically significant weight change. TRIAL REGISTRY: ClinicalTrials.gov; No.: NCT00738179; URL: www.clinicaltrials.gov.

16.
Arch. bronconeumol. (Ed. impr.) ; 54(10): 518-523, oct. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-176683

RESUMO

Introduction: Patients with resistant hypertension (RH) have a high risk of developing cardiovascular events; therefore, new therapeutic approaches to better control blood pressure may be useful in improving cardiovascular outcomes. The prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is very high among patients with RH. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has been shown to be an effective treatment for reducing blood pressure in patients with RH. Nevertheless, the long-term effect of CPAP treatment on cardiovascular outcomes has not been explored. The main objective of the SARAH study is to assess the impact of OSA and its treatment on cardiovascular outcomes (morbidity and mortality) in patients with RH. Methods: This study is a multi-center, prospective, observational cohort study. A total of 1371 patients with RH will be enrolled in the study and followed once a year for five years. At inclusion, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) and a sleep study will be performed in all subjects. Socio-demographic, clinical and cardiovascular variables will be collected at baseline and follow-up. Subsequently, subjects with OSA will be managed according to local standard practice. Based on the OSA diagnosis and its treatment, three cohorts of subjects with RH will be defined: non-OSA, treated OSA and non-treated OSA. Conclusions: This study will contribute to elucidating the long-term impact of OSA treatments on blood pressure control and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with RH. These results will contribute to improve the cardiovascular prognosis of patients with RH


Introducción: Los pacientes con hipertensión resistente (HR) tienen un elevado riesgo de desarrollar eventos cardiovasculares; así, las nuevas estrategias terapéuticas para el control de la presión arterial podrían ser útiles para mejorar los resultados cardiovasculares. La prevalencia de la apnea obstructiva del sueño (AOS) es muy elevada entre los pacientes con HR. Se ha demostrado que la presión positiva continua en la vía aérea (CPAP) constituye un tratamiento efectivo para reducir la presión arterial en pacientes con HR. Sin embargo, todavía no se han estudiado los efectos a largo plazo del tratamiento con CPAP sobre los resultados cardiovasculares. El principal objetivo del estudio SARAH es evaluar el impacto de la AOS y su tratamiento en los resultados cardiovasculares (morbilidad y mortalidad) en pacientes con HR. Métodos: Este es un estudio observacional prospectivo multicéntrico en el que se incluirán 1.371 pacientes con HR, a los cuales se les realizará seguimiento una vez al año durante 5 años. En el momento de la inclusión se realizará a todos los pacientes monitorización ambulatoria de la presión arterial (MAPA), así como un estudio de sueño. Se recogerán las variables sociodemográficas, clínicas y cardiovasculares tanto al inicio del estudio como durante el seguimiento. Posteriormente, los individuos con AOS serán tratados de acuerdo con la práctica clínica estándar de cada centro. Se definirán 3 grupos en función del diagnóstico de AOS y su tratamiento: sin AOS, con AOS en tratamiento, con AOS sin tratar. Conclusiones: Este estudio contribuirá a averiguar el impacto a largo plazo del tratamiento de la AOS en el control de la presión arterial y los resultados cardiovasculares en pacientes con HR. Asimismo, estos resultados contribuirán a mejorar el pronóstico cardiovascular de los pacientes con HR


Assuntos
Humanos , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/complicações , Resistência Vascular , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Hipertensão/complicações , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudo Observacional , Pressão Arterial
18.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 111(3): 364-372, Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-973751

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Chagas Disease (CD) is an important cause of morbimortality due to heart failure and malignant arrhythmias worldwide, especially in Latin America. Objective: To investigate the association of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with heart remodeling and cardiac arrhythmias in patients CD. Methods: Consecutive patients with CD, aged between 30 to 65 years old were enrolled. Participants underwent clinical evaluation, sleep study, 24-hour Holter monitoring, echocardiogram and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Results: We evaluated 135 patients [age: 56 (45-62) years; 30% men; BMI: 26 ± 4 kg/m2, Chagas cardiomyopathy: 70%]. Moderate to severe OSA (apnea-hypopnea index, AHI, ≥ 15 events/h) was present in 21% of the patients. OSA was not associated with arrhythmias in this population. As compared to patients with mild or no OSA, patients with moderate to severe OSA had higher frequency of hypertension (79% vs. 72% vs. 44%, p < 0.01) higher nocturnal systolic blood pressure: 119 ± 17 vs. 113 ± 13 vs. 110 ± 11 mmHg, p = 0.01; larger left atrial diameter [37 (33-42) vs. 35 (33-39) vs. 33 (30-36) mm, p < 0.01]; and a greater proportion of left ventricular dysfunction [LVEF < 50% (39% vs. 28% vs. 11%), p < 0.01], respectively. Predictor of left atrial dimension was Log10 (AHI) (b = 3.86, 95% CI: 1.91 to 5.81; p < 0.01). Predictors of ventricular dysfunction were AHI > 15 events/h (OR = 3.61, 95% CI: 1.31 - 9.98; p = 0.01), systolic blood pressure (OR = 1.06, 95% CI: 1.02 - 1.10; p < 0.01) and male gender (OR = 3.24, 95% CI: 1.31 - 8.01; p = 0.01). Conclusions: OSA is independently associated with atrial and ventricular remodeling in patients with CD.


Resumo Fundamento: A doença de Chagas (DC) é uma causa importante de morbimortalidade por insuficiência cardíaca e arritmias malignas em todo o mundo, especialmente na América Latina. Objetivo: Investigar a associação entre apneia obstrutiva do sono (AOS) com remodelação cardíaca e arritmias cardíacas em pacientes com DC. Métodos: Foram incluídos pacientes consecutivos com DC, com idade entre 30 e 65 anos. Os participantes foram submetidos à avaliação clínica, estudo do sono, Holter de 24 horas, ecocardiograma e monitorização ambulatorial da pressão arterial. Resultados: Foram avaliados 135 pacientes [idade: 56 (45-62) anos; 30% homens; IMC: 26 ± 4 kg/m2, cardiomiopatia chagásica: 70%]. AOS moderada a grave (índice de apneia-hipopneia, IAH, ≥ 15 eventos/h) estava presente em 21% dos pacientes. AOS não estava associada a arritmias nessa população. Em comparação com pacientes com AOS leve ou ausente, pacientes com AOS moderada a grave apresentaram maior frequência de hipertensão (79% vs. 72% vs. 44%, p < 0,01) e pressão arterial sistólica noturna mais alta: 119 ± 17 vs. 113 ± 13 vs. 110 ± 11 mmHg, p = 0,01; diâmetro do átrio esquerdo maior [37 (33‑42) vs. 35 (33-39) vs. 33 (30-36) mm, p < 0,01]; e maior proporção de disfunção ventricular esquerda [FEVE < 50% (39% vs. 28% vs. 11%), p < 0,01], respectivamente. O preditor de dimensão do átrio esquerdo foi Log10 (IAH) (β = 3,86, IC 95%: 1,91 a 5,81; p < 0,01). Os preditores de disfunção ventricular foram IAH >15 eventos/h (OR = 3,61, IC 95%: 1,31 - 9,98; p = 0,01), pressão arterial sistólica (OR = 1,06, IC95%: 1,02 - 1,10; p < 0,01) e sexo masculino (OR = 3,24, IC 95%: 1,31 - 8,01; p = 0,01). Conclusões: A AOS está independentemente associada à remodelação atrial e ventricular em pacientes com DC.

19.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 111(3): 364-372, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30088557

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chagas Disease (CD) is an important cause of morbimortality due to heart failure and malignant arrhythmias worldwide, especially in Latin America. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with heart remodeling and cardiac arrhythmias in patients CD. METHODS: Consecutive patients with CD, aged between 30 to 65 years old were enrolled. Participants underwent clinical evaluation, sleep study, 24-hour Holter monitoring, echocardiogram and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. RESULTS: We evaluated 135 patients [age: 56 (45-62) years; 30% men; BMI: 26 ± 4 kg/m2, Chagas cardiomyopathy: 70%]. Moderate to severe OSA (apnea-hypopnea index, AHI, ≥ 15 events/h) was present in 21% of the patients. OSA was not associated with arrhythmias in this population. As compared to patients with mild or no OSA, patients with moderate to severe OSA had higher frequency of hypertension (79% vs. 72% vs. 44%, p < 0.01) higher nocturnal systolic blood pressure: 119 ± 17 vs. 113 ± 13 vs. 110 ± 11 mmHg, p = 0.01; larger left atrial diameter [37 (33-42) vs. 35 (33-39) vs. 33 (30-36) mm, p < 0.01]; and a greater proportion of left ventricular dysfunction [LVEF < 50% (39% vs. 28% vs. 11%), p < 0.01], respectively. Predictor of left atrial dimension was Log10 (AHI) (b = 3.86, 95% CI: 1.91 to 5.81; p < 0.01). Predictors of ventricular dysfunction were AHI > 15 events/h (OR = 3.61, 95% CI: 1.31 - 9.98; p = 0.01), systolic blood pressure (OR = 1.06, 95% CI: 1.02 - 1.10; p < 0.01) and male gender (OR = 3.24, 95% CI: 1.31 - 8.01; p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: OSA is independently associated with atrial and ventricular remodeling in patients with CD.

20.
Curr Opin Pulm Med ; 24(6): 537-542, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30124525

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this study was to provide an update of the primary and secondary prevention of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) treatment on cardiovascular disease. RECENT FINDINGS: Consistent evidence suggest that OSA can contribute to cardiovascular diseases, including hypertension, atrial fibrillation, coronary artery disease and stroke. In patients with no previous history of cardiovascular events (primary prevention scenario), observational studies suggest that continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), the main treatment for OSA, is able to prevent hypertension incidence and to decrease nonfatal cardiovascular events in men and fatal cardiovascular events in men, women and elderly. In patients with a previous history of cardiovascular events (secondary prevention scenario), recent randomized trials showed that CPAP was not able to prevent a new cardiovascular event. These findings may suggest that in patients with high cardiovascular risk and multiple comorbidities, OSA may not have an incremental role on cardiovascular disease. However, a subanalysis from the same trials showed that good CPAP compliance was able to prevent cerebrovascular events. SUMMARY: OSA may predispose to cardiovascular disease, but additional efforts for improving CPAP use or development of new treatments may help to understand the magnitude of OSA on cardiovascular disease.

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