Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 176
Filtrar
3.
Circulation ; 141(12): 957-967, 2020 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31931608

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A malignant subphenotype of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) has been described, in which minimal elevations in cardiac biomarkers identify individuals with LVH at high risk for developing heart failure (HF). We tested the hypothesis that a higher prevalence of malignant LVH among blacks may contribute to racial disparities in HF risk. METHODS: Participants (n=15 710) without prevalent cardiovascular disease were pooled from 3 population-based cohort studies, the ARIC Study (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities), the DHS (Dallas Heart Study), and the MESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis). Participants were classified into 3 groups: those without ECG-LVH, those with ECG-LVH and normal biomarkers (hs-cTnT (high sensitivity cardiac troponin-T) <6 ng/L and NT-proBNP (N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide) <100 pg/mL), and those with ECG-LVH and abnormal levels of either biomarker (malignant LVH). The outcome was incident HF. RESULTS: Over the 10-year follow-up period, HF occurred in 512 (3.3%) participants, with 5.2% in black men, 3.8% in white men, 3.2% in black women, and 2.2% in white women. The prevalence of malignant LVH was 3-fold higher among black men and women versus white men and women. Compared with participants without LVH, the adjusted hazard ratio for HF was 2.8 (95% CI, 2.1-3.5) in those with malignant LVH and 0.9 (95% CI, 0.6-1.5) in those with LVH and normal biomarkers, with similar findings in each race/sex subgroup. Mediation analyses indicated that 33% of excess hazard for HF among black men and 11% of the excess hazard among black women was explained by the higher prevalence of malignant LVH in blacks. Of black men who developed HF, 30.8% had malignant LVH at baseline, with a corresponding population attributable fraction of 0.21. The proportion of HF cases occurring among those with malignant LVH, and the corresponding population attributable fraction, were intermediate and similar among black women and white men and lowest among white women. CONCLUSIONS: A higher prevalence of malignant LVH may in part explain the higher risk of HF among blacks versus whites. Strategies to prevent development or attenuate risk associated with malignant LVH should be investigated as a strategy to lower HF risk and mitigate racial disparities.

7.
JACC Heart Fail ; 7(10): 859-861, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31582108
9.
Circulation ; 140(18): 1463-1476, 2019 10 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31524498

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Outcome trials in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus have demonstrated reduced hospitalizations for heart failure (HF) with sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors. However, few of these patients had HF, and those that did were not well-characterized. Thus, the effects of sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors in patients with established HF with reduced ejection fraction, including those with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus, remain unknown. METHODS: DEFINE-HF (Dapagliflozin Effects on Biomarkers, Symptoms and Functional Status in Patients with HF with Reduced Ejection Fraction) was an investigator-initiated, multi-center, randomized controlled trial of HF patients with left ventricular ejection fraction ≤40%, New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II-III, estimated glomerular filtration rate ≥30 mL/min/1.73m2, and elevated natriuretic peptides. In total, 263 patients were randomized to dapagliflozin 10 mg daily or placebo for 12 weeks. Dual primary outcomes were (1) mean NT-proBNP (N-terminal pro b-type natriuretic peptide) and (2) proportion of patients with ≥5-point increase in HF disease-specific health status on the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire overall summary score, or a ≥20% decrease in NT-proBNP. RESULTS: Patient characteristics reflected stable, chronic HF with reduced ejection fraction with high use of optimal medical therapy. There was no significant difference in average 6- and 12-week adjusted NT-proBNP with dapagliflozin versus placebo (1133 pg/dL (95% CI 1036-1238) vs 1191 pg/dL (95% CI 1089-1304), P=0.43). For the second dual-primary outcome of a meaningful improvement in Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire overall summary score or NT-proBNP, 61.5% of dapagliflozin-treated patients met this end point versus 50.4% with placebo (adjusted OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.03-3.06, nominal P=0.039). This was attributable to both higher proportions of patients with ≥5-point improvement in Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire overall summary score (42.9 vs 32.5%, adjusted OR 1.73, 95% CI 0.98-3.05), and ≥20% reduction in NT-proBNP (44.0 vs 29.4%, adjusted OR 1.9, 95% CI 1.1-3.3) by 12 weeks. Results were consistent among patients with or without type 2 diabetes mellitus, and other prespecified subgroups (all P values for interaction=NS). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction, use of dapagliflozin over 12 weeks did not affect mean NT-proBNP but increased the proportion of patients experiencing clinically meaningful improvements in HF-related health status or natriuretic peptides. Benefits of dapagliflozin on clinically meaningful HF measures appear to extend to patients without type 2 diabetes mellitus. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02653482.

11.
JACC Heart Fail ; 7(10): 878-887, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521682

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The authors investigated the impact of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) on first and recurrent hospitalization in this population. BACKGROUND: In the STICH (Surgical Treatment for Ischemic Heart Failure) trial, CABG reduced all-cause death and hospitalization in patients with and ischemic cardiomyopathy and left ventricular ejection fraction <35%. METHODS: A total of 1,212 patients were randomized (610 to CABG + optimal medical therapy [CABG] and 602 to optimal medical therapy alone [MED] alone) and followed for a median of 9.8 years. All-cause and cause-specific hospitalizations were analyzed as time-to-first-event and as recurrent event analysis. RESULTS: Of the 1,212 patients, 757 died (62.4%) and 732 (60.4%) were hospitalized at least once, for a total of 2,549 total all-cause hospitalizations. Most hospitalizations (66.2%) were for cardiovascular causes, of which approximately one-half (907 or 52.9%) were for heart failure. More than 70% of all hospitalizations (1,817 or 71.3%) were recurrent events. The CABG group experienced fewer all-cause hospitalizations in the time-to-first-event (349 CABG vs. 383 MED, adjusted hazard ratio [HR]: 0.85; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.74 to 0.98; p = 0.03) and in recurrent event analyses (1,199 CABG vs. 1,350 MED, HR: 0.78, 95% CI: 0.65 to 0.94; p < 0.001). This was driven by fewer total cardiovascular (CV) hospitalizations (744 vs. 968; p < 0.001, adjusted HR: 0.66, 95% CI: 0.55 to 0.81; p = 0.001), the majority of which were due to HF (395 vs. 512; p < 0.001, adjusted HR: 0.68, 95% CI: 0.52-0.89; p = 0.005). We did not observe a difference in non-CV events. CONCLUSIONS: CABG reduces all-cause, CV, and HF hospitalizations in time-to-first-event and recurrent event analyses. (Comparison of Surgical and Medical Treatment for Congestive Heart Failure and Coronary Artery Disease [STICH]; NCT00023595).

12.
Clin Cardiol ; 42(10): 1010-1018, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31498919

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Renin-angiotensin-system blockers (RASB) improve clinical outcomes in patients with chronic heart failure with reduced fraction; however, there remains ambiguity whether RASB therapy should be continued during the treatment of acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). HYPOTHESIS: In comparison to patients with RASB use, RASB discontinuation in ADHF will be associated with worsening renal function, hypotension, and adverse long-term clinical outcomes. METHODS: Patients in the Evaluation Study of Congestive Heart Failure and Pulmonary Artery Catheterization (ESCAPE) trial were separated into four groups based on RASB use at baseline and discharge: continuation (n = 316), discontinuation (n = 21), initiation (n = 42), and nonuse (n = 23). Post-discharge outcomes were validated in an independent ADHF cohort admitted to the Cleveland Clinic (n = 253). RESULTS: RASB discontinuation and nonuse were associated with higher serial creatinine and blood urea nitrogen levels than RASB continuation or initiation (P < .001 for both), but not with serial potassium and systolic blood pressure measurements. No other clinical parameter changes were significant. In comparison to RASB continuation, RASB discontinuation and nonuse was associated with ~75% increased risk of a 180-day composite of death, transplant, or rehospitalization (HR 1.87, 95% CI 1.09-3.20, P = 0.02 and HR 1.72, CI 1.04-2.82, P = .03, respectively). Post-discharge outcomes were similar in the validation cohort. CONCLUSION: Compared to RASB continuation, RASB discontinuation and nonuse were associated with higher baseline and serial creatinine levels during treatment for ADHF, but not with changes in SBP and potassium levels. Furthermore, RASB discontinuation and nonuse in ADHF were associated with an increased risk of adverse clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Cardíaca Diastólica/tratamento farmacológico , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina/efeitos dos fármacos , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca Diastólica/metabolismo , Insuficiência Cardíaca Diastólica/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos , Suspensão de Tratamento
15.
Clin Transplant ; 33(8): e13651, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31230375

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The practice of induction therapy with either rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin (r-ATG) or interleukin-2 receptor antagonists (IL-2RA) is common among heart transplant recipients. However, its benefits in the setting of contemporary maintenance immunosuppression with tacrolimus/mycophenolic acid (TAC/MPA) are unknown. METHODS: We compared post-transplant mortality among three induction therapy strategies (r-ATG vs IL2-RA vs no induction) in a retrospective cohort analysis of heart transplant recipients maintained on TAC/MPA in the Organ Procurement Transplant Network (OPTN) database between the years 2006 and 2015. We used a multivariable model adjusting for clinically important co-morbidities, and a propensity score analysis using the inverse probability weighted (IPW) method in the final analysis. RESULTS: In multivariable IPW analysis, r-ATG (HR = 1.23; 95% CI = 1.05-1.46, P = 0.01) remained significantly associated with a higher mortality. There was a trend toward having a higher mortality in the IL2-RA (HR = 1.11; 95% CI = 1.00-1.24, P = 0.06) group. Subgroup analyses failed to show a patient survival benefit in using either r-ATG or IL2-RA among any of the subgroups analyzed. CONCLUSION: In this contemporary cohort of heart transplant recipients receiving TAC/MPA, neither r-ATG nor IL2-RA were associated with a survival benefit. On the contrary, adjusted analyses showed a significantly higher mortality in the r-ATG group and a trend toward higher mortality in the IL2-RA group. While caution is needed in interpreting treatment effects in an observational cohort, these data call into question the benefit of induction therapy as a common practice and highlight the need for more studies.

16.
Am J Cardiol ; 124(3): 402-408, 2019 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31128735

RESUMO

Symptomatic improvement through decongestive therapy is a cornerstone for treatment of acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). Visual analog scales (VAS) are instruments that can capture patients' perceptions of dyspnea (DVAS) or global well-being (GVAS). However, the clinical implications of these instruments and their changes over time during treatment for ADHF need further clarification. DVAS and GVAS were collected in 657 patients randomized in the DOSE-AHF and ROSE-AHF trials. To determine factors associated with symptom change, multivariable predictors of changes in DVAS and GVAS over 72 hours were determined. In addition, time-to-event analyses determined the association between these assessments and post-discharge clinical outcomes. The median baseline DVAS and GVAS scores were 54 (interquartile range 35 to 76) and 50 (30 to 66), respectively. These scores increased from baseline to 72 hours (ΔDVAS 16 [0 to 35] and ΔGVAS 19 [2 to 37]). Although changes in both scales were associated with their baseline values, 72-hour change in NT-proBNP was associated with each scale in multivariable analysis. However, there were additional variables associated with 72-hour change in GVAS including 72-hour change in creatinine, implantable cardioverter-defibrillator presence, baseline loop diuretic dose, and 72-hour total loop diuretic dose. There were no consistent associations between DVAS or GVAS and clinical composite outcomes at 60 days. In conclusion, DVAS and GVAS may be related to different clinical factors during treatment for ADHF and VAS scores were not consistently associated with clinical outcomes in ADHF. These findings inform the utility of the DVAS and GVAS instruments as measurements of symptom change for future ADHF clinical trials and registries.


Assuntos
Dispneia , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Escala Visual Analógica , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
18.
Clin Cardiol ; 42(5): 524-529, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30843220

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is limited data on electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities and their prognostic significance in women with peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM). We sought to characterize ECG findings in PPCM and explore the association of ECG findings with myocardial recovery and clinical outcomes. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that ECG indicators of myocardial remodeling would portend worse systolic function and outcomes. METHODS: Standard 12-lead ECGs were obtained at enrollment in the Investigations of Pregnancy-Associated Cardiomyopathy study and analyzed for 88 women. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was measured by echocardiography at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months. Women were followed for clinical events (death, mechanical circulatory support, and/or cardiac transplantation) until 1 year. RESULTS: Half of women had an "abnormal" ECG, defined as atrial abnormality, ventricular hypertrophy, ST-segment deviation, and/or bundle branch block. Women with left atrial abnormality (LAA) had lower LVEF at 6 months (44% vs 52%, P = 0.02) and 12 months (46% vs 54%, P = 0.03). LAA also predicted decreased event-free survival at 1 year (76% vs 97%, P = 0.008). Neither left ventricular hypertrophy by ECG nor T-wave abnormalities predicted outcomes. A normal ECG was associated with recovery in LVEF to ≥50% (84% vs 49%, P = 0.001) and event-free survival at 1 year (100% vs 85%, P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: ECG abnormalities are common in women with PPCM, but a normal ECG does not rule out the presence of PPCM. LAA predicted lower likelihood of myocardial recovery and event-free survival, and a normal ECG predicted favorable event-free survival.


Assuntos
Potenciais de Ação , Cardiomiopatias/diagnóstico , Eletrocardiografia , Frequência Cardíaca , Período Periparto , Transtornos Puerperais/diagnóstico , Adulto , Cardiomiopatias/mortalidade , Cardiomiopatias/fisiopatologia , Cardiomiopatias/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , América do Norte , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Gravidez , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Transtornos Puerperais/mortalidade , Transtornos Puerperais/fisiopatologia , Transtornos Puerperais/terapia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Volume Sistólico , Fatores de Tempo , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Adulto Jovem
19.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 21(5): 634-642, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30714658

RESUMO

AIMS: Plasma volume expansion is clinically and prognostically relevant in individuals with heart failure. Prior cohorts either excluded or had limited representation of patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). We aimed to examine the relationship between calculated plasma volume status (PVS) and outcomes in HFpEF. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included enrollees from the Treatment of Preserved Cardiac Function Heart Failure with an Aldosterone Antagonist Trial (TOPCAT) with available haematocrit and weight data (n = 3414). Plasma volume was derived from the Hakim formula and compared to estimates of ideal plasma volume to generate a relative PVS. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards models tested the association of PVS with clinical outcomes. The median PVS was -11.9% (25th-75th percentile: -17.2% to -6.4%) and the majority (91.1%) had PVS consistent with relative volume contraction (PVS ≤ 0%) as opposed to volume expansion (8.9%, PVS > 0%). After multivariable adjustment, each 5% increment in PVS was associated with a ∼11%, 14%, and 12% higher risk for the primary composite endpoint, all-cause death, and heart failure hospitalization, respectively (P < 0.002 for all), but not cardiovascular death (P = 0.051). After additional adjustment for natriuretic peptides, PVS only remained associated with heart failure hospitalization (HR 1.10, 95% confidence interval 1.001-1.21, P = 0.047). There were no significant interactions between spironolactone use and the PVS-risk relationship for any endpoint (P > 0.1 for all). CONCLUSION: Higher calculated estimates of PVS were independently associated with a higher risk of long-term clinical outcomes in HFpEF, and particularly, heart failure hospitalization.

20.
J Investig Med ; 67(3): 653-658, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30696751

RESUMO

Bloodstream infections (BSIs) are common in patients with continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (CF-LVADs). Whether CF-LVADs modulate the febrile response to BSIs is unknown. We retrospectively compared the febrile response to BSIs in patients with heart failure (HF) with CF-LVADs versus a control population of patients with HF receiving inotropic infusions. BSIs were adjudicated using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the National Healthcare Safety Network criteria. Febrile status (temperature ≥38°C, 100.4 °F), temperature at presentation with BSI, and the highest temperature within 72 hours (Tmax) were collected. We observed 59 BSIs in LVAD patients and 45 BSIs in controls. LVAD patients were more likely to be afebrile and to have a lower temperature at presentation than control (88% vs 58%, p=0.002, and 37°C ±0.7 vs 37.7°C ±1.0, p=0.0009, respectively). By 72 hours, the difference in afebrile status diminished (53% vs 44%, p=0.42), and the Tmax was similar between the LVAD and control groups (37.9°C±0.9 vs 38.2°C±0.8, respectively, p=0.10). In conclusion, at presentation with a BSI, the vast majority of CF-LVAD patients were afebrile, an event which occurred at a higher frequency when compared with patients with advanced HF on chronic inotropes via an indwelling venous catheter. These data alert clinicians to have a very low threshold to obtain blood cultures in CF-LVAD patients even in the absence of fever. Further study is needed to determine whether a delayed or diminished febrile response represents another pathophysiological consequence of CF-LVADs.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA