Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 11 de 11
Filtrar
Filtros adicionais











Intervalo de ano
1.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 26(4): 1035-1043, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30565042

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of subungual melanoma (SUM) can be challenging and SUMs generally have a worse prognosis than melanomas arising elsewhere. Due to their rarity, the evidence to guide management is limited. This study sought to identify clinicopathological features predictive of outcome and to provide guidelines for management. METHODS: From a large, single-institution database, 103 patients with in situ (n = 9) or invasive (n = 94) SUMs of the hand treated between 1953 and 2014 were identified and their features analyzed. RESULTS: The most common site of hand SUMs was the thumb (53%). Median tumor thickness was 3.1 mm, and SUMs were commonly of the acral subtype (57%), ulcerated (58%), amelanotic (32%), and had mitoses (73%). Twenty-one patients reported prior trauma to the tumor site. Twenty-two patients were stage III at diagnosis; 7 underwent therapeutic lymph node dissection and 22 underwent elective lymph node dissection (5 positive), while 36 had sentinel node biopsy (SNB), 28% of which were positive. Forty percent of SNB-positive patients had involved non-sentinel nodes (SNs) in their completion lymph node dissection. Five-year melanoma-specific survival (MSS) and disease-free survival (DFS) rates were 70% and 52%, respectively. On multivariate analysis, regional node metastasis and right-hand tumor location were significant predictors of shorter DFS and MSS, whereas mitoses negatively impacted DFS only and increasing Breslow thickness impacted MSS only. CONCLUSIONS: This study confirms that SUMs on the hand usually present at an advanced stage. Distal amputation appears safe for invasive SUMs, and SNB should be considered as these patients have a high risk of both SN and non-SN metastasis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma in Situ/cirurgia , Mãos/patologia , Mãos/cirurgia , Melanoma/cirurgia , Doenças da Unha/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma in Situ/patologia , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Masculino , Melanoma/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças da Unha/patologia , Invasividade Neoplásica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
2.
Australas J Dermatol ; 2018 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30302753

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There are limited population-based data documenting the incidence and management of lentigo maligna (LM) and invasive lentigo maligna melanoma (LMM). We report the data on occurrence and management of LM and LMM in an Australian population. METHODS: Prospective collection of incidence and clinician-reported management of melanoma in situ (MIS; n = 450, capped) and localised invasive melanoma (n = 3251) notified to the New South Wales Cancer Registry over 12-months in 2006-2007. RESULTS: The estimated annual incidence of all MIS was 27.0 per 100 000 (LM 12.2, non-LM MIS 5.9 and unclassified MIS 9.0). Patients with LM or LMM were on average approximately 10 years older than those with other melanoma subtypes (P < 0.001). The head and neck was the location of 59% of LM, 44% of LMM and <20% of other melanoma subtypes (P < 0.001). The majority of LM and LMM were treated only by specialists. Diagnostic partial biopsies were more frequent for LM and LMM than for other melanoma subtypes, and primary care physicians were more likely than specialists to do a punch partial biopsy than a shave biopsy. The reported median definitive excision margin for LM was 5.0 mm compared with 7.2 mm for non-LM MIS (P = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In this Australian population, LM was twice as frequent as other types of MIS. Improved strategies for diagnosis and management are required.

3.
JAMA Dermatol ; 154(9): 1001-1009, 2018 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30027280

RESUMO

Importance: There are limited data among young adults on sunscreen use during childhood and adulthood and on the association of sunscreen use with melanoma risk. Objective: To assess correlates of early-life sunscreen use and the association between sunscreen use and risk of cutaneous melanoma before age 40 years. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based, case-control family study analyzed Australian Melanoma Family Study data for persons with questionnaire data on sunscreen use collected by interview from 2001 to 2005 across 3 states in Australia, representing two-thirds of the country's population. Case participants (aged 18-39 years) had confirmed first primary melanoma. Siblings of case participants were included, and case participants without a sibling control were excluded. Unrelated controls (aged 18-44 years) were recruited from the electoral roll or were a spouse, partner, or friend nominated by case participants. Data analyses were conducted from October 2017 to February 2018. Exposures: Self- and parent-reported sunscreen use, sun exposure, and other candidate risk factors during childhood and adulthood. Main Outcomes and Measures: Logistic regression analyses adjusted for potential confounders were used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) for melanoma and for correlates of sunscreen use. Results: Participation was 629 of 830 contactable cases (76%) (629 of 1197 overall [53%]), 240 of 570 contactable controls (42%) from the electoral roll (240 of 1068 overall [23%]), and 295 of 371 nominated spouse or friend controls (80%); analysis incuded 603 cases and 1088 controls. The median (interquartile range) age was 32 (28-36) years for 603 cases, 35 (30-38) years for 478 unrelated controls, and 34 (29-38) years for 610 sibling controls. There were more women than men (range, 57%-62%) in all groups, approximately 40% (range, 39%-43%) of participants had a university education, and most participants (range, 58%-73%) had British/northern European ethnicity. Risk of melanoma was less with higher use of sunscreen in childhood (OR for highest vs lowest tertiles, 0.60; 95% CI, 0.42-0.87; P = .02 for trend) and across the lifetime (OR, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.45-0.93; P = .07 for trend). Subgroup analyses suggested that the protective association of sunscreen with melanoma was stronger for people reporting blistering sunburn, receiving a diagnosis of melanoma at a younger age, or having some or many nevi. Total lifetime sun exposure was unrelated to melanoma risk (OR for highest vs lowest tertile, 0.97; 95% CI, 0.66-1.43; P = .94 for trend). By contrast, total sun exposure inversely weighted by sunscreen use (as a measure of sun exposure unprotected by sunscreen) was significantly associated with melanoma risk (OR, 1.80; 95% CI, 1.22-2.65; P = .007 for trend) and appeared stronger for people having lighter pigmentation or some or many nevi or using sunscreen to stay longer in the sun. Regular users of sunscreen were more likely to be female, younger, and of British or northern European ancestry and to have higher educational levels, lighter skin pigmentation, and a stronger history of blistering sunburn. Conclusions and Relevance: Our findings provided evidence that regular sunscreen use is significantly associated with reduced risk of cutaneous melanoma among young adults and identified several characteristics associated with less sunscreen use.

4.
J Invest Dermatol ; 138(12): 2617-2624, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29890168

RESUMO

It is unclear to what degree genomic and traditional (phenotypic and environmental) risk factors overlap in their prediction of melanoma risk. We evaluated the incremental contribution of common genomic variants (in pigmentation, nevus, and other pathways) and their overlap with traditional risk factors, using data from two population-based case-control studies from Australia (n = 1,035) and the United Kingdom (n = 1,460) that used the same questionnaires. Polygenic risk scores were derived from 21 gene regions associated with melanoma and odds ratios from published meta-analyses. Logistic regression models were adjusted for age, sex, center, and ancestry. Adding the polygenic risk score to a model with traditional risk factors increased the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) by 2.3% (P = 0.003) for Australia and by 2.8% (P = 0.002) for Leeds. Gene variants in the pigmentation pathway, particularly MC1R, were responsible for most of the incremental improvement. In a cross-tabulation of polygenic by traditional tertile risk scores, 59% (Australia) and 49% (Leeds) of participants were categorized in the same (concordant) tertile. Of participants with low traditional risk, 9% (Australia) and 21% (Leeds) had high polygenic risk. Testing of genomic variants can identify people who are susceptible to melanoma despite not having a traditional phenotypic risk profile.

5.
Br J Cancer ; 116(12): 1558-1563, 2017 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28524161

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is limited data on the efficacy of anti-programmed death 1 (PD-1) antibodies in patients (pts) with melanoma brain metastasis (BM), particularly those which are symptomatic. METHOD: We retrospectively assessed pts with melanoma BM treated with PD-1 antibodies, nivolumab and pembrolizumab. Clinicopathologic and treatment parameters were collected and outcomes determined for intracranial (IC) response rate (RR) using a modified RECIST criteria, with up to five IC target lesions used to determine IC response, disease control rate (DCR) and progression-free survival (PFS). RESULTS: A total of 66 pts were identified with a median follow up of 7.0 months (range 0.8-24.5 months). A total of 68% were male and 45% BRAF V600 mutation positive. At PD-1 antibody commencement, 50% had an elevated LDH; 64% had local therapy to BM prior to commencing anti-PD1, of which 5% had surgical resection, 14% stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), 18% whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT), 27% had surgery and radiotherapy. Twenty-one per cent started anti-PD-1 as first line systemic therapy. No pt had prior anti-PD-1 treatment. The IC overall RR was 21 and DCR 56%. Responses occurred in 21% of pts with symptomatic BM. The median OS was 9.9 months (95% CI 6.93-17.74). Pts with symptomatic BM had shorter PFS than those without symptoms (2.7 vs 7.4 months, P=0.035) and numerically shorter OS (5.7 vs 13.0 months, P=0.068). Pts requiring corticosteroids also had a numerically shorter PFS (3.2 vs 7.4 months, P=0.081) and OS (4.8 vs 13.1 months, P=0.039). CONCLUSIONS: IC responses to anti-PD-1 antibodies occur in pts with BM, including those with symptomatic BM requiring corticosteroids. Prospective trials evaluating anti-PD-1 therapy in pts with BM are underway.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/terapia , Melanoma/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Encefálicas/complicações , Neoplasias Encefálicas/secundário , Terapia Combinada , Craniotomia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/sangue , Masculino , Melanoma/complicações , Melanoma/secundário , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nivolumabe , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Radiocirurgia , Critérios de Avaliação de Resposta em Tumores Sólidos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Avaliação de Sintomas , Adulto Jovem
6.
Eur J Cancer ; 75: 169-178, 2017 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28236768

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: With new systemic therapies demonstrating activity in melanoma brain metastasis, most of the previously reported stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) data are superseded. In this study, we report the outcomes (overall survival [OS] and brain control [BC]) and identify factors that associate with such outcomes in the era of modern systemic therapy. METHOD: A total of 108 patients treated with SRS from 2010 to 2015 were included. Systemic treatment use within 6 weeks of SRS was noted. OS was defined as time from SRS to death or last follow-up, and BC was defined as absence of any active intracranial disease during follow-up. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard analyses were performed on clinico-pathological prognostic features associated with OS and BC. RESULTS: The median age was 64.3 years, and the median follow-up was 8.6 months. Seventy-nine (73.1%) patients received systemic treatment. The median OS were as follows: anti-CTLA4 - 7.5 months (95% CI: 4.4-15.6), anti-PD1 - 20.4 months (95% CI: 8.8 - N/A) and BRAF inhibitor (BRAFi) ± MEK inhibitor (MEKi) - 17.8 months (95% CI: 11.8 - N/A). Median BC was as follows: anti-CTLA4 - 7.5 months (95% CI: 4.0-15.6), anti-PD1 - 12.7 months (95% CI: 5.5 - N/A) and BRAFi ± MEKi - 12.7 months (95% CI: 8.3-18.5). In multivariate analysis, age and type of systemic therapy were strongly associated with OS. Age, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status, Graded Prognostic Assessment (GPA) score, and presence of symptoms were associated with BC. CONCLUSIONS: Favourable outcomes are seen in patients treated with SRS and with the best survival seen in patients treated with anti-PD1. Known independent prognostic factors for survival such as age and performance status and GPA score remain relevant in this setting.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/radioterapia , Melanoma/radioterapia , Radiocirurgia/métodos , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Encefálicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Encefálicas/secundário , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoterapia/métodos , MAP Quinase Quinase 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Masculino , Melanoma/mortalidade , Melanoma/secundário , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia de Alvo Molecular/métodos , Terapia de Alvo Molecular/mortalidade , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/antagonistas & inibidores , Radiocirurgia/mortalidade , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
7.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 24(5): 1378-1385, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28130620

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inconsistent data suggests extranodal spread (ENS) is an adverse prognostic factor in Stage III melanoma patients but it remains contentious. By rigorously matching cohorts, this study sought to clarify associations with recurrence and survival. METHODS: Melanoma patients with lymph node metastases (AJCC Stage III), with or without ENS, sub-classified on the basis of known (MKP) or unknown primary (MUP), were identified from a single institution prospective database. Of 725 ENS patients identified, 567 were able to be precisely matched 1:1 with a non-ENS cohort. Clinicopathologic factors were analyzed for associations with outcome. RESULTS: There were 481 MKP and 86 MUP patients in each cohort. ENS, compared to non-ENS, was an independent predictor of worse melanoma specific survival (MSS) (HR = 1.71, 95% CI = 1.39-2.11, P < 0.0001) with median MSS 56.4 versus 175.2 months, P < 0.001; worse disease free survival (DFS) (HR = 1.16, 95%CI = 1.00-1.34, P = 0.044) with median DFS 15.6 versus 21.5 months, P = 0.009; and worse post-recurrence survival (PRS) (HR = 1.66, 95%CI = 1.37-2.02, P < 0.0001) with median PRS 20.1 versus 51.1 months, P < 0.001. ENS was also associated with reduced time to distant recurrence (Distant Disease Free Survival [DDFS]) (HR = 2.00, 95% CI = 1.24-3.24, P = 0.0047), however median time to distant recurrence not reached within the study time period. CONCLUSIONS: ENS represents a significant independent predictor of worse MSS, DFS, PRS and DDFS in Stage III melanoma patients. ENS should be considered in the stratification of patients in adjuvant therapy trials.


Assuntos
Excisão de Linfonodo , Melanoma/secundário , Neoplasias Primárias Desconhecidas/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Melanoma/mortalidade , Melanoma/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Primárias Desconhecidas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Cutâneas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia , Taxa de Sobrevida
8.
Cancer ; 121(21): 3826-35, 2015 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26218930

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The degree of response and the duration of survival of patients treated with mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitors are highly variable. Whether baseline clinicopathologic factors can predict the clinical course with treatment is largely unknown. METHODS: For 142 consecutive immunotherapy- and MAPK inhibitor-naive patients with BRAF-mutant metastatic melanoma who were treated during clinical trials with BRAF inhibitors (n = 111) or a combination of dabrafenib and trametinib (n = 31), clinicopathologic factors were correlated with the response to MAPK inhibitors and survival. RESULTS: The median follow-up was 15.7 months (range, 0.6-60.5 months). The 2-, 3-, and 4-year overall survival (OS) rates were 43%, 24%, and 24%, respectively. A multivariate analysis demonstrated that the only clinicopathologic factors associated with longer progression-free survival (PFS) and OS were female sex and a normal pretreatment serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level. The BRAF V600E genotype and an absence of primary melanoma ulceration were also independently associated with longer PFS but not OS. The median OS was 23.5 months for patients with normal LDH levels and 7.3 months for those with elevated LDH levels (hazard ratio, 0.31; P < .001). Complete responders had the best survival, but disease progression still occurred in 2 of 7 patients. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term survival occurs for a minority of patients receiving MAPK inhibitor treatment alone. Sex, serum LDH, BRAF genotype, and primary melanoma ulceration status are independent factors associated with treatment outcomes. Patients with a complete response to treatment have the best survival, but relapses still occur.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , MAP Quinase Quinase Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Melanoma/tratamento farmacológico , Melanoma/fisiopatologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/antagonistas & inibidores , Neoplasias Cutâneas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Genótipo , Humanos , Imidazóis/uso terapêutico , Indóis/uso terapêutico , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/sangue , Masculino , Melanoma/secundário , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oximas/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Piridonas/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinonas/uso terapêutico , Fatores Sexuais , Neoplasias Cutâneas/secundário , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Vemurafenib , Adulto Jovem
9.
Mol Clin Oncol ; 3(2): 308-316, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25798259

RESUMO

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are a family of nuclear receptors involved in lipid metabolism and liver response to injury. We hypothesised that differences in the expression of PPARs may reflect differences in the cellular microenvironment of the liver and, consequently, in the behaviour of colorectal liver metastases. Of the 145 patients who underwent hepatectomy for colorectal liver metastases between 1998 and 2007, 103 had adequate tissue for PPAR staining and histological re-evaluation. The histological characteristics evaluated included sinusoidal dilatation, perisinusoidal fibrosis, ballooning and steatosis. PPAR- α and-γ staining was performed and the results were correlated with clinical and survival data. Lobular inflammation and sinusoidal dilatation were the most common histopathological abnormalities. A total of 50% of the patients were PPAR- α-negative and 34% were PPAR- γ-negative. More patients exhibited lobular inflammation in the PPAR- α -positive group (P=0.023) compared to patients with negative PPAR- α staining, as seen on the multivariate analysis. PPAR- γpositivity was associated with oxaliplatin use, surgical margins ≥1 mm and a trend towards a lesser degree of fibrosis. The median follow-up in this cohort of patients was 48 months. Patients with PPAR- α staining had a worse overall survival (median, 36 vs. 79 months, P=0.037) compared to those with no PPAR- α staining. There was no correlation between PPAR- α or-γpositivity and disease-free survival. In conclusion, PPAR- α staining is associated with lobular inflammation and worse overall survival in patients with colorectal liver metastases. The exact mechanism underlying this finding remains unclear and further research into the diagnostic and therapeutic implications is required.

10.
HPB (Oxford) ; 17(2): 185-93, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25158227

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that adverse postoperative outcomes may have a negative impact on longterm survival in patients with colorectal liver metastases. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to evaluate the prognostic impact of postoperative complications in patients submitted to a potentially curative resection of colorectal liver metastases. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of outcomes in 199 patients submitted to hepatic resection with curative intent for metastatic colorectal cancer during 1999-2008 was conducted. RESULTS: The overall complication rate was 38% (n = 75). Of all complications, 79% were minor (Grades I or II). There were five deaths (3%). The median length of follow-up was 39 months. Rates of 5-year overall and disease-free survival were 44% and 27%, respectively. Univariate analysis demonstrated that an elevated preoperative level of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), intraoperative blood loss of > 300 ml, multiple metastases, large (≥ 35 mm) metastases and resection margins of < 1 mm were associated with poor overall and disease-free survival. In addition, male sex and synchronous metastases were associated with poor disease-free survival. Postoperative complications did not have an impact on either survival measure. The multivariate model did not include complications as a predictive factor. CONCLUSIONS: Postoperative complications were not found to influence overall or disease-free survival in the present series. The number and size of liver metastases were confirmed as significant prognostic factors.


Assuntos
Hepatectomia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Idoso , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
ANZ J Surg ; 84(5): 341-5, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23231008

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Portal vein embolization (PVE) induces compensatory hypertrophy of the future liver remnant volume (FLRV) to improve the safety of major liver surgery by reducing the risk of post-operative liver failure. The aim was to describe our experience of PVE for patients with large or multifocal malignant liver tumours who initially were deemed unresectable. METHODS: Perioperative data were retrieved from a prospective database and computed tomographic scans were retrospectively reviewed to calculate volume changes and the degree of liver hypertrophy following PVE. RESULTS: PVE was successful in 23 out of 25 patients and resulted in a change in the mean estimated FLRV from 585 to 788 mL following PVE. This represented a 35% increase in the remnant liver parenchymal volume post-embolization (P < 0.01). The procedure was well tolerated and did not compromise the surgical resection in any patient. Nineteen patients went on to have a liver resection following PVE with an in-hospital mortality of 16% (3 out of 19) and a 42% morbidity rate. After a mean follow-up of 31 months (1-130 months), 32% (6 out of 19) of patients are alive and 4 of these (21%) are completely disease-free. CONCLUSIONS: PVE results in an increase in the FLRV prior to major hepatectomy. Failure to develop hypertrophy following PVE is a surrogate marker for underlying liver dysfunction. PVE is safe and may increase the pool of patients suitable for liver resection. Long-term survival is similar to those not requiring embolization prior to liver resection.


Assuntos
Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Hepatectomia , Veia Porta , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertrofia , Falência Hepática/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tamanho do Órgão , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Estudos Retrospectivos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA