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Sensors (Basel) ; 21(17)2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34502748


One of the most common sleep disorders is sleep apnea. It manifests itself by episodes of shallow breathing or pauses in breathing during the night. Diagnosis of this disease involves polysomnography examination, which is expensive. Alternatively, diagnostic doctors can be supported with recordings from the in-home polygraphy sensors. Furthermore, numerous attempts for providing an automated apnea episodes annotation algorithm have been made. Most of them, however, do not distinguish between apnea and hypopnea episodes. In this work, a novel solution for epoch-based annotation problem is presented. Utilizing an architecture based on the long short-term memory (LSTM) networks, the proposed model provides locations of sleep disordered breathing episodes and identifies them as either apnea or hypopnea. To achieve this, special pre- and postprocessing steps have been designed. The obtained labels can be then used for calculation of the respiratory event index (REI), which serves as a disease severity indicator. The input for the model consists of the oronasal airflow along with the thoracic and abdominal respiratory effort signals. Performance of the proposed architecture was verified on the SHHS-1 and PhysioNet Sleep databases, obtaining mean REI classification error of 9.24/10.52 with standard deviation of 11.61/7.92 (SHHS-1/PhysioNet). Normal breathing, hypopnea and apnea differentiation accuracy is assessed on both databases, resulting in the correctly classified samples percentage of 86.42%/84.35%, 49.30%/58.28% and 68.20%/69.50% for normal breathing, hypopnea and apnea classes, respectively. Overall accuracies are 80.66%/82.04%. Additionally, the effect of wake periods is investigated. The results show that the proposed model can be successfully used for both episode classification and REI estimation tasks.

Síndromes da Apneia do Sono , Humanos , Polissonografia , Respiração , Taxa Respiratória , Sono , Síndromes da Apneia do Sono/diagnóstico