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1.
Front Immunol ; 12: 673693, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34408744

RESUMO

Background: Thymosin alpha 1 (Tα1) is widely used to treat patients with COVID-19 in China; however, its efficacy remains unclear. This study aimed to explore the efficacy of Tα1 as a COVID-19 therapy. Methods: We performed a multicenter cohort study in five tertiary hospitals in the Hubei province of China between December 2019 and March 2020. The patient non-recovery rate was used as the primary outcome. Results: All crude outcomes, including non-recovery rate (65/306 vs. 290/1,976, p = 0.003), in-hospital mortality rate (62/306 vs. 271/1,976, p = 0.003), intubation rate (31/306 vs. 106/1,976, p = 0.001), acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) incidence (104/306 vs. 499/1,976, p = 0.001), acute kidney injury (AKI) incidence (26/306 vs. 66/1,976, p < 0.001), and length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay (14.9 ± 12.7 vs. 8.7 ± 8.2 days, p < 0.001), were significantly higher in the Tα1 treatment group. After adjusting for confounding factors, Tα1 use was found to be significantly associated with a higher non-recovery rate than non-Tα1 use (OR 1.5, 95% CI 1.1-2.1, p = 0.028). An increased risk of non-recovery rate associated with Tα1 use was observed in the patient subgroups with maximum sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) scores ≥2 (OR 2.0, 95%CI 1.4-2.9, p = 0.024), a record of ICU admission (OR 5.4, 95%CI 2.1-14.0, p < 0.001), and lower PaO2/FiO2 values (OR 1.9, 95%CI 1.1-3.4, p = 0.046). Furthermore, later initiation of Tα1 use was associated with a higher non-recovery rate. Conclusion: Tα1 use in COVID-19 patients was associated with an increased non-recovery rate, especially in those with greater disease severity.


Assuntos
COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/epidemiologia , Timalfasina/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/mortalidade , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Prognóstico , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/etiologia , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/prevenção & controle , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco/estatística & dados numéricos , Timalfasina/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Clin Microbiol Infect ; 27(10): 1488-1493, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34020032

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is commonly used to treat severe COVID-19, although the clinical outcome of such treatment remains unclear. This study evaluated the effectiveness of IVIG treatment in severe COVID-19 patients. METHODS: This retrospective multicentre study evaluated 28-day mortality in severe COVID-19 patients with or without IVIG treatment. Each patient treated with IVIG was matched with one untreated patient. Logistic regression and inverse probability weighting (IPW) were used to control confounding factors. RESULTS: The study included 850 patients (421 IVIG-treated patients and 429 non-IVIG-treated patients). After matching, 406 patients per group remained. No significant difference in 28-day mortality was observed after IPW analysis (average treatment effect (ATE) = 0.008, 95% CI -0.081 to 0.097, p 0.863). There were no significant differences between the IVIG group and non-IVIG group for acute respiratory distress syndrome, diffuse intravascular coagulation, myocardial injury, acute hepatic injury, shock, acute kidney injury, non-invasive mechanical ventilation, invasive mechanical ventilation, continuous renal replacement therapy and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation except for prone position ventilation (ATE = -0.022, 95% CI -0.041 to -0.002, p 0.028). DISCUSSION: IVIG treatment was not associated with significant changes in 28-day mortality in severe COVID-19 patients. The effectiveness of IVIG in treating patients with severe COVID-19 needs to be further investigated through future studies.

3.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 398, 2021 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33926377

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (sHLH) is a life-threatening hyperinflammatory event and a fatal complication of viral infections. Whether sHLH may also be observed in patients with a cytokine storm induced by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection is still uncertain. We aimed to determine the incidence of sHLH in severe COVID-19 patients and evaluate the underlying risk factors. METHOD: Four hundred fifteen severe COVID-19 adult patients were retrospectively assessed for hemophagocytosis score (HScore). A subset of 7 patients were unable to be conclusively scored due to insufficient patient data. RESULTS: In 408 patients, 41 (10.04%) had an HScore ≥169 and were characterized as "suspected sHLH positive". Compared with patients below a HScore threshold of 98, the suspected sHLH positive group had higher D-dimer, total bilirubin, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine, triglycerides, ferritin, interleukin-6, C-reactive protein, procalcitonin, lactate dehydrogenase, creatine kinase isoenzyme, troponin, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score, while leukocyte, hemoglobin, platelets, lymphocyte, fibrinogen, pre-albumin, albumin levels were significantly lower (all P < 0.05). Multivariable logistic regression revealed that high ferritin (>1922.58 ng/mL), low platelets (<101 × 109/L) and high triglycerides (>2.28 mmol/L) were independent risk factors for suspected sHLH in COVID-19 patients. Importantly, COVID-19 patients that were suspected sHLH positive had significantly more multi-organ failure. Additionally, a high HScore (>98) was an independent predictor for mortality in COVID-19. CONCLUSIONS: HScore should be measured as a prognostic biomarker in COVID-19 patients. In particular, it is important that HScore is assessed in patients with high ferritin, triglycerides and low platelets to improve the detection of suspected sHLH.


Assuntos
COVID-19/complicações , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/terapia , China/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/complicações , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/virologia , Feminino , Ferritinas/sangue , Humanos , Incidência , Contagem de Linfócitos , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/epidemiologia , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
4.
J Clin Invest ; 130(12): 6417-6428, 2020 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33141117

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDCorticosteroids are widely used in patients with COVID 19, although their benefit-to-risk ratio remains controversial.METHODSPatients with severe COVID-19-related acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) were included from December 29, 2019 to March 16, 2020 in 5 tertiary Chinese hospitals. Cox proportional hazards and competing risks analyses were conducted to analyze the impact of corticosteroids on mortality and SARS-CoV-2 RNA clearance, respectively. We performed a propensity score (PS) matching analysis to control confounding factors.RESULTSOf 774 eligible patients, 409 patients received corticosteroids, with a median time from hospitalization to starting corticosteroids of 1.0 day (IQR 0.0-3.0 days) . As compared with usual care, treatment with corticosteroids was associated with increased rate of myocardial (15.6% vs. 10.4%, P = 0.041) and liver injury (18.3% vs. 9.9%, P = 0.001), of shock (22.0% vs. 12.6%, P < 0.001), of need for mechanical ventilation (38.1% vs. 19.5%, P < 0.001), and increased rate of 28-day all-cause mortality (44.3% vs. 31.0%, P < 0.001). After PS matching, corticosteroid therapy was associated with 28-day mortality (adjusted HR 1.46, 95% CI 1.01-2.13, P = 0.045). High dose (>200 mg) and early initiation (≤3 days from hospitalization) of corticosteroid therapy were associated with a higher 28-day mortality rate. Corticosteroid use was also associated with a delay in SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus RNA clearance in the competing risk analysis (subhazard ratio 1.59, 95% CI 1.17-2.15, P = 0.003).CONCLUSIONAdministration of corticosteroids in severe COVID-19-related ARDS is associated with increased 28-day mortality and delayed SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus RNA clearance after adjustment for time-varying confounders.FUNDINGNone.


Assuntos
Corticosteroides/administração & dosagem , Corticosteroides/efeitos adversos , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , COVID-19/mortalidade , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/mortalidade , Idoso , COVID-19/complicações , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Taxa de Sobrevida
5.
Respir Med ; 173: 106159, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010731

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The outbreak of COVID-19 caused by SARS-CoV-2 has been a pandemic. The objective of our study was to explore the association between sex and clinical outcomes in patients with COVID-19. METHODS: Detailed clinical data including clinical characteristics, laboratory tests, imaging features and treatments of 1190 cases of adult patients with confirmed COVID-19 were retrospectively analyzed. Associations between sex and clinical outcomes were identified by multivariable Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: There were 635 (53.4%) male and 555 (46.6%) female patients in this study. Higher rates of acute kidney injury (5.5% vs. 2.9%, p = 0.026), acute cardiac injury (9.1% vs. 4.3%, p = 0.001), and disseminated intravascular coagulation (2.5% vs. 0.7%, P = 0.024) were observed in males. Compared with female patients, male patients with COVID-19 had a higher inhospital mortality rate (15.7% vs. 10.3%, p = 0.005). However, Cox regression analysis showed that sex did not influence inhospital mortality of COVID-19 patients. CONCLUSIONS: Male sex was associated with a worse prognosis of COVID-19, but it seems not to be an independent prognostic factor.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , COVID-19 , China , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2 , Fatores Sexuais
6.
Ann Intensive Care ; 10(1): 99, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32737627

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since December 2019, an outbreak of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-Cov-2) initially emerged in Wuhan, China, and has spread worldwide now. Clinical features of patients with COVID-19 have been described. However, risk factors leading to in-hospital deterioration and poor prognosis in COVID-19 patients with severe disease have not been well identified. METHODS: In this retrospective, single-center cohort study, 1190 adult inpatients (≥ 18 years old) with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 and determined outcomes (discharged or died) were included from Wuhan Infectious Disease Hospital from December 29, 2019 to February 28, 2020. The final follow-up date was March 2, 2020. Clinical data including characteristics, laboratory and imaging information as well as treatments were extracted from electronic medical records and compared. A multivariable logistic regression model was used to explore the potential predictors associated with in-hospital deterioration and death. RESULTS: 1190 patients with confirmed COVID-19 were included. Their median age was 57 years (interquartile range 47-67 years). Two hundred and sixty-one patients (22%) developed a severe illness after admission. Multivariable logistic regression demonstrated that higher SOFA score (OR 1.32, 95% CI 1.22-1.43, per score increase, p < 0.001 for deterioration and OR 1.30, 95% CI 1.11-1.53, per score increase, p = 0.001 for death), lymphocytopenia (OR 1.81, 95% CI 1.13-2.89 p = 0.013 for deterioration; OR 4.44, 95% CI 1.26-15.87, p = 0.021 for death) on admission were independent risk factors for in-hospital deterioration from not severe to severe disease and for death in severe patients. On admission D-dimer greater than 1 µg/L (OR 3.28, 95% CI 1.19-9.04, p = 0.021), leukocytopenia (OR 5.10, 95% CI 1.25-20.78), thrombocytopenia (OR 8.37, 95% CI 2.04-34.44) and history of diabetes (OR 11.16, 95% CI 1.87-66.57, p = 0.008) were also associated with higher risks of in-hospital death in severe COVID-19 patients. Shorter time interval from illness onset to non-invasive mechanical ventilation in the survivors with severe disease was observed compared with non-survivors (10.5 days, IQR 9.25-11.0 vs. 16.0 days, IQR 11.0-19.0 days, p = 0.030). Treatment with glucocorticoids increased the risk of progression from not severe to severe disease (OR 3.79, 95% CI 2.39-6.01, p < 0.001). Administration of antiviral drugs especially oseltamivir or ganciclovir is associated with a decreased risk of death in severe patients (OR 0.17, 95% CI 0.05-0.64, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: High SOFA score and lymphocytopenia on admission could predict that not severe patients would develop severe disease in-hospital. On admission elevated D-dimer, leukocytopenia, thrombocytopenia and diabetes were independent risk factors of in-hospital death in severe patients with COVID-19. Administration of oseltamivir or ganciclovir might be beneficial for reducing mortality in severe patients.

7.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 32(5): 618-621, 2020 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32576358

RESUMO

Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) has become an effective multiple organ support therapy instead of single renal replacement as initially expected, and it is widely used in intensive care unit (ICU). After the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a series of expert recommendation or consensus have been developed to diagnose and treat the disease, including CRRT in acute kidney injury (AKI) and hyper inflammatory response. However, CRRT in COVID-19 is extraordinarily different from regular one due to different pathophysiology and infectious clinical scenarios. Accordingly, the paper aims to elaborate the similarities and differences between CRRT in COVID-19 and routine treatment in terms of safety and accessibility, indications and timing, clinical operation, anticoagulation, fluid management, prevention and control of infectious diseases, etc.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , COVID-19 , Terapia de Substituição Renal Contínua , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , SARS-CoV-2
8.
J Cell Mol Med ; 24(12): 6731-6740, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32383354

RESUMO

Sepsis is a life-threatening syndrome with a high risk of mortality, which is caused by the dysregulated host response to infection. We examined significant roles of circDMNT3B and miR-20b-5p in the intestinal mucosal permeability dysfunction of rats with sepsis. SD rats were randomly divided into 6 groups (n = 10/group): sham group, sepsis group, si-negative control group, circDNMT3B-si1 group, circDNMT3B-si2 group and circDNMT3B-si1 + anti-miR-20b-5p group. The level of malondialdehyde (MDA) content, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-10 levels were measured through ELISA assay kits. Cell survival rate and cell apoptosis were evaluated by Cell-Counting Kit-8 Assay and flow cytometry, respectively. Luciferase reporter assays were used to investigate interactions between miR-20b-5p circDMNT3B in HEK-293T cells. Silencing circDNMT3B can significantly increase the level of d-lactic acid, FD-40, MDA, diamine oxidase, IL-10 and IL-6, compared with sepsis group, while the SOD activity was lower. Silencing circDNMT3B leads to oxidative damage and influence inflammatory factors level in intestinal tissue. CircDNMT3B was identified as a target gene of miR-20b-5p. Silencing circDNMT3B decreased cell survival and induced apoptosis in Caco2 cells treated with LPS, which was reversed by anti-miR-20b-5p. MiR-20b-5p inhibitor remarkably down-regulated mentioned-above levels, in addition to up-regulate SOD activity, which may relieve the damage of intestinal mucosal permeability caused by silencing circDNMT3B in sepsis rats. Down-regulation of circDMNT3B was conducive to the dysfunction of intestinal mucosal permeability via sponging miR-20b-5p in sepsis rats, which may provide the novel strategy for sepsis treatment in the future.


Assuntos
Regulação para Baixo/genética , Mucosa Intestinal/fisiopatologia , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Circular/genética , Sepse/genética , Sepse/fisiopatologia , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Sequência de Bases , Células CACO-2 , Proliferação de Células/genética , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Inativação Gênica , Humanos , Inflamação/genética , Inflamação/patologia , Mucosa Intestinal/patologia , Lipopolissacarídeos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , Estresse Oxidativo/genética , Permeabilidade , RNA Circular/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
9.
Ann Intensive Care ; 10(1): 5, 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31933054

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, there are no reliable predictors of risk of development and severity of acute kidney injury (AKI) in septic patients. The surfactant protein D (SP-D) polymorphism rs721917C/T is associated with a greater susceptibility to AKI in the Chinese population. Our aim was to evaluate the value of SP-D polymorphisms rs721917C/T and of plasma SP-D levels to predict the risk of development of AKI (defined with KDIGO criterion) in septic patients. METHODS: The study enrolled septic patients admitted to the Critical Care Department of two tertiary care hospitals. SP-D rs721917C/T polymorphisms were determined using the PCR-SSP method. Plasma SP-D and urine NGAL contents were measured using commercially available ELISA kits. RESULTS: 330 septic patients were included. Their SOFA scores were 12 ± 3. Patients with AKI (n = 156) had higher plasma SP-D levels (median: 153 ng/mL, range 111-198 ng/mL) and urinary NGAL levels (median: 575 ng/mL, range 423-727 ng/mL) than those without AKI (SP-D median: 124 ng/mL, range 81-159 ng/mL, P = 0.001; NGAL median: 484 ng/mL, range 429-573 ng/mL). Plasma SP-D levels of AKI patients were correlated with urinary NGAL contents (r = 0.853). In 32 patients receiving continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT), plasma SP-D levels correlated with duration of CRRT (r = 0.448). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for plasma SP-D levels to predict AKI was 0.84. Patients with AKI had a higher rate of rs721917 CC genotype (AKI: 35% vs. non-AKI: 20%; P = 0.012), but a significantly lower rate of TT genotype (AKI: 19% vs. non-AKI: 26%; P = 0.005). SP-D rs721917 CC genotype was an independent predictor of AKI (P = 0.044) and mortality (P = 0.014). CONCLUSION: Our study showed that increased plasma SP-D level is associated with a higher risk of AKI in patients with sepsis. The SP-D rs721917CC genotype is an independent and significant predictor of AKI development and mortality of septic patients. The SP-D rs721917C/T polymorphisms should be further studied as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers to facilitate early recognition of AKI.

10.
Mol Med Rep ; 10(5): 2720-8, 2014 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25201740

RESUMO

Y­box binding protein­1 (YB­1) has been identified as an oncoprotein in various malignancies. The aim of this study was to investigate the biological role of YB­1 and its association with epithelial­to­mesenchymal transition (EMT) in colorectal cancer (CRC). The expression of YB­1 and three EMT­related proteins (E­cadherin, N­cadherin and vimentin) was analyzed in 80 CRC and matched normal tissue samples, by immunohistochemistry. The results indicated that the expression of YB­1 was higher in CRC tissue samples than that in matched normal controls and was significantly correlated with tumor differentiation, tumor invasion, lymph node metastasis and distant metastases. Furthermore, analysis showed that YB­1 expression was negatively correlated with E­cadherin and positively correlated with N­cadherin and vimentin expression. In vitro assays showed that knockdown of YB­1 inhibited the proliferation, apoptosis resistance, invasion and migration of the HT­29 CRC cell line. Of note, following knockdown of YB­1, E­cadherin expression was elevated whereas N­cadherin and vimentin expression was reduced. Taken together, these results suggest that YB­1 promotes the malignant progression of CRC in part through the induction of EMT, and YB­1 may therefore be a potential novel target for CRC treatment.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Proteína 1 de Ligação a Y-Box/genética , Adenocarcinoma/secundário , Apoptose , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Feminino , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Células HT29 , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Proteína 1 de Ligação a Y-Box/biossíntese
11.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 15(8): 814-8, 2012 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22941684

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (LNF)and Toupet laparoscopic fundoplication (LTF) with respect to treatment outcomes and postoperative complications. METHODS: PubMed, Medline, Embase and the Cochrane Library were searched. Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing laparoscopic Nissen and Toupet fundoplication were included. Outcomes evaluation included occurrences of heartburn, reflux, difficulty swallowing, chest pain, abdominal distention, failure to hiccup, diarrhea, and early complications and degree of patient satisfaction at early (three to six months) and later (one to three years) post-operative periods. RESULTS: Of 939 patients in seven RCTs, 478 received LNF and 461 received LTF. For both groups, control of reflux was good and occurrence of heartburn was similar (P>0.05). A lower incidence of postoperative dysphagia for both early and later post-operative periods, but a higher overall complication rate in early post-operative period were observed in the LTF group (P<0.05). Patient satisfaction was similar (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: LNF and LTF are both safe and effective. The adoption of procedure should be based on the patient status and surgeon experience.


Assuntos
Fundoplicatura/métodos , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 427(3): 444-9, 2012 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22766504

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are regulators of numerous cellular events; accumulating evidence indicates that miRNAs play a key role in a wide range of biological functions, such as cellular proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis in cancer. Down-regulated expression of miR-145 has been reported in colon cancer tissues and cell lines. The molecular mechanisms underlying miR-145 and the regulation of colon carcinogenesis remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the levels of miR-145 in human colon cancer cells using qRT-PCR and found markedly decreased levels compared to normal epithelial cells. We identified PAK4 as a novel target of miR-145 using informatics screening. Additionally, we demonstrated that miR-145 targets a putative binding site in the 3'UTR of PAK4 and that its abundance is inversely associated with miR-145 expression in colon cancer cells; we confirmed this relationship using the luciferase reporter assay. Furthermore, restoration of miR-145 by mimics in SW620 cells significantly attenuated cell growth in vitro, in accordance with the inhibitory effects induced by siRNA mediated knockdown of PAK4. Taken together, these findings demonstrate that miR-145 downregulates P-ERK expression by targeting PAK4 and leads to inhibition of tumor growth.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo/enzimologia , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Quinases de Proteína Quinase Ativadas por Mitógeno/biossíntese , Quinases Ativadas por p21/biossíntese , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Apoptose , Sítios de Ligação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Células HEK293 , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética
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