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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(4): 915-922, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645097

RESUMO

The wild resources of Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis, a secondary endangered medicinal plant, are severely scarce. Introduction and cultivation can alleviate market demand. To screen phosphatolytic bacteria in the rhizosphere soil of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis and provide data support for the development of high-efficiency microbial fertilizer, in this study, the dilution plate coating method was used to isolate and screen the phosphorus solubilizing bacteria with the ability of mineralizing organic phosphorus from the rhizosphere soil of wild and transplanted varieties of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis in 10 different locations in Yunnan, Sichuan and Guizhou. After separation and purification, the phosphatolytic capacity was analyzed by qualitative and quantitative analysis. Combined with physiological and biochemical experiments, the strains were identified using 16 S rDNA sequencing analysis. Forty one strains were selected from the rhizosphere soil of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis from 10 different habitats. Among them, 21 strains were obtained from the rhizosphere soil of the wild variety P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis and 20 strains were obtained from the rhizosphere soil of the transplanted variety. And significance analysis found that 41 organophosphate solubilizing strains had significant differences in their ability to solubilize phosphorus. The amount of phosphate solubilizing was 0.08-67.61 mg·L~(-1), the pH value was between 4.27 and 6.82. The phosphatolytic amount of strain Y3-5 was 67.61 mg·L~(-1), and the phosphorus increase amount was 57.57 mg·L~(-1). All 41 strains were identified as Gram-positive Bacillus. Combining physiological characteristic and phylogenetic trees, Bacillus mobilis Y3-5 was finally selected as the candidate rhizosphere phosphatolytic bacteria of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis. The distribution of phosphorus solubilizing bacteria in the rhizosphere soil of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis was different, and there were significant diffe-rences in phosphorus solubility. Organophosphate-dissolving strain Y3-5 is expected to be a candidate strain of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis microbial fertilizer.


Assuntos
Liliaceae , Bacillus , Bactérias/genética , China , Filogenia
2.
Abdom Radiol (NY) ; 2021 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33656574

RESUMO

PURPOSE: With advancements in medical imaging, more renal tumors are detected early, but it remains a challenge for radiologists to accurately distinguish subtypes of renal parenchymal tumors. We aimed to establish a novel deep convolutional neural network (CNN) model and investigate its effect on identifying subtypes of renal parenchymal tumors in T2-weighted fat saturation sequence magnetic resonance (MR) images. METHODS: This retrospective study included 199 patients with pathologically confirmed renal parenchymal tumors, including 77, 46, 34, and 42 patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (chRCC), angiomyolipoma (AML), and papillary renal cell carcinoma (pRCC), respectively. All enrolled patients underwent kidney MR scans with the field strength of 1.5 Tesla (T) or 3.0 T before surgery. We selected T2-weighted fat saturation sequence images of all patients and built a deep learning model to determine the type of renal tumors. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was depicted to estimate the performance of the CNN model; the accuracy, precision, sensitivity, specificity, F1-score, and area under the curve (AUC) were calculated. One-way analysis of variance and χ2 tests of independent samples were used to analyze the variables. RESULTS: The experimental results demonstrated that the model had a 60.4% overall accuracy, a 61.7% average accuracy, and a macro-average AUC of 0.82. The AUCs for ccRCC, chRCC, AML, and pRCC were 0.94, 0.78, 0.80, and 0.76, respectively. CONCLUSION: Deep CNN model based on T2-weighted fat saturation sequence MR images was useful to classify the subtypes of renal parenchymal tumors with a relatively high diagnostic accuracy.

3.
Theor Appl Genet ; 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33558986

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: CsSh5.1, which controls hypocotyl elongation under high temperature conditions in cucumber, was mapped to a 57.1 kb region on chromosome 5 containing a candidate gene encoding a xyloglucan galactosyltransferase. Hypocotyl growth is a vital process in seedling establishment. Hypocotyl elongation after germination relies more on longitudinal cell elongation than cell division. Cell elongation is largely determined by the extensibility of the cell wall. Here, we identified a spontaneous mutant in cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.), sh5.1, which exhibits a temperature-insensitive short hypocotyl phenotype. Genetic analysis showed that the phenotype of sh5.1 was controlled by a recessive nuclear gene. CsSh5.1 was mapped to a 57.1 kb interval on chromosome 5, containing eight predicted genes. Sequencing analysis revealed that the Csa5G171710 is the candidate gene of CsSh5.1, which was further confirmed via co-segregation analysis and genomic DNA sequencing in natural cucumber variations. The result indicated that hypocotyl elongation might be controlled by this gene. CsSh5.1 encodes a xyloglucan galactosyltransferase that specifically adds galactose to xyloglucan and forms galactosylated xyloglucans, which determine the strength and extensibility of the cell walls. CsSh5.1 expression in wild-type (WT) hypocotyl was significantly higher than that in sh5.1 hypocotyl under high temperature, suggesting its important role in hypocotyl cell elongation under high temperature. The identification of CsSh5.1 is helpful for elucidating the function of xyloglucan galactosyltransferase in cell wall expansion and understanding the mechanism of hypocotyl elongation in cucumber.

5.
Theranostics ; 11(5): 2170-2181, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33500718

RESUMO

Introduction: An increasing number of children with severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is being reported, yet the spectrum of disease severity and expression patterns of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) in children at different developmental stages are largely unknow. Methods: We analysed clinical features in a cohort of 173 children with COVID-19 (0-15 yrs.-old) between January 22, 2020 and March 15, 2020. We systematically examined the expression and distribution of ACE2 in different developmental stages of children by using a combination of children's lung biopsies, pluripotent stem cell-derived lung cells, RNA-sequencing profiles, and ex vivo SARS-CoV-2 pseudoviral infections. Results: It revealed that infants (< 1yrs.-old), with a weaker potency of immune response, are more vulnerable to develop pneumonia whereas older children (> 1 yrs.-old) are more resistant to lung injury. The expression levels of ACE2 however do not vary by age in children's lung. ACE2 is notably expressed not only in Alveolar Type II (AT II) cells, but also in SOX9 positive lung progenitor cells detected in both pluripotent stem cell derivatives and infants' lungs. The ACE2+SOX9+ cells are readily infected by SARS-CoV-2 pseudovirus and the numbers of the double positive cells are significantly decreased in older children. Conclusions: Infants (< 1 yrs.-old) with SARS-CoV-2 infection are more vulnerable to lung injuries. ACE2 expression in multiple types of lung cells including SOX9 positive progenitor cells, in cooperation with an unestablished immune system, could be risk factors contributing to vulnerability of infants with COVID-19. There is a need to continue monitoring lung development in young children who have recovered from SARS-CoV-2 infection.


Assuntos
/metabolismo , Pulmão/citologia , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , Adolescente , Biópsia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Sistema Imunitário , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Pulmão/virologia , Masculino , RNA-Seq , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Transcrição SOX9/metabolismo , Análise de Célula Única , Células-Tronco/virologia
6.
Clin Infect Dis ; 2021 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33388749

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Children and older adults with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) display a distinct spectrum of disease severity yet the risk factors aren't well understood. We sought to examine the expression pattern of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), the cell-entry receptor for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), and the role of lung progenitor cells in children and older patients. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed clinical features in a cohort of 299 patients with COVID-19. The expression and distribution of ACE2 and lung progenitor cells were systematically examined using a combination of public single-cell RNA-seq datasets, lung biopsies, and ex vivo infection of lung tissues with SARS-CoV-2 pseudovirus in children and older adults. We also followed up patients who had recovered from COVID-19. RESULTS: Compared with children, older patients (> 50 yrs.) were more likely to develop into serious pneumonia with reduced lymphocytes and aberrant inflammatory response (p = 0.001). The expression level of ACE2 and lung progenitor cell markers were generally decreased in older patients. Notably, ACE2 positive cells were mainly distributed in the alveolar region, including SFTPC positive cells, but rarely in airway regions in the older adults (p < 0.01). The follow-up of discharged patients revealed a prolonged recovery from pneumonia in the older (p < 0.025). CONCLUSION: Compared to children, ACE2 positive cells are generally decreased in older adults and mainly presented in the lower pulmonary tract. The lung progenitor cells are also decreased. These risk factors may impact disease severity and recovery from pneumonia caused by SARS-Cov-2 infection in older patients.

7.
J Low Genit Tract Dis ; 25(1): 22-26, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33347045

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the Cobas 4800 Assay and the SeqHPV Assay with self (S) and direct (D) cervical samples in the Chinese Multicenter Screening Trial (CHIMUST). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The CHIMUST is a large population-based multicenter clinical trial, and 10,885 women aged 30-59 years from 15 sites in 7 provinces with no cervical cancer screening for 3 years were eligible. All participating women contributed one self-collected sample (S) and 1 physician-collected endocervical sample (DL). The self-collected sample was first applied to the solid media transport card (SS), and then, the brush placed in 6 mL of ThinPrepSolution (SL). All samples were tested with Cobas 4800 and SeqHPV high-risk HPV assays. Patients human papillomavirus positive (self or direct) were recalled for colposcopy and biopsies. RESULTS: A total of 10,399 women had complete data. The mean age was 43.9 years. A total of 1.4% (142/10,399) had cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 2+ and 0.5% (54/10,339) had CIN 3+. In the liquid specimens, the overall HPV infection rates were 10.8% for Cobas and 10.9% for SeqHPV in D sample, and 13.7% for Cobas and 11.6% for SeqHPV in SL sample, respectively. The sensitivity of Cobas-DL, Cobas-SL, SeqHPV-DL, and SeqHPV-SL for CIN 2+ was 95.07%, 95.07%, 94.33%, and 96.48%, respectively. The specificity of Cobas-DL, Cobas-SL, SeqHPV-DL, and SeqHPV-SL for CIN 2+ was 90.38%, 87.35%, 90.21%, and 89.53%, respectively. There were no differences in sensitivity when applying the 2 assays to both self- and directly collected samples in liquid transport media (p > .05). CONCLUSIONS: Both Cobas and SeqHPV screening assays using both self-collected and directly endocervical collected specimens demonstrate similar sensitivity for the detection of CIN 2+ and CIN 3+.

8.
Infect Agent Cancer ; 15(1): 72, 2020 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33292341

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The solid transport media is a small size card that allows fast, easy DNA extraction from a variety of biological samples. In 2016 we developed a solid media transport card; for that pilot study to control the self-collection we used a pseudo-self-collection technique. The current study expands this prior work using true self-collections and only the POI card, and aims to evaluate the solid media transport card to detect HR-HPV in self-samples compared to liquid transport media. METHODS: Ten thousand eight hundred eighty-five women between the ages of 30-59 with no screening for 3 years were enrolled. The self-collected sample was first applied to a new solid media transport card (Labeled as SC) then the brush placed in 6 ml ThinPrep liquid (Labeled as SL). Then a physician collected a direct endocervical specimen into ThinPrep liquid (Labeled as DL). Samples were tested with Cobas 4800 and the SeqHPV NGS assay for HR-HPV. Patients positive on any test were recalled for colposcopy and biopsy. RESULTS: Ten thousand three hundred thirty-nine participants had complete data. The mean age was 43.9 years. CIN 2+ rates were 1.4% (142/10339). The agreement in HPV detection between the two different self-sample collection media was also good (Cobas HPV kappa = 0.86; SeqHPV kappa = 0.98). Tested with Cobas, the sensitivity of Cobas-SL and Cobas-SC for CIN 2+ was95.07 and 94.37%; and for CIN3+ was 96.30, 96.30% respectively. The specificity of Cobas-SC, and Cobas-SL for CIN2+ was 88.74 and 87.35%; for CIN3 was 88.04and 86.65% respectively. Tested with SeqHPV, the sensitivity for CIN2+ of Seq-SC and Seq-SL was 95.77 and 96.48%; for CIN3+, both the SC and SL specimens had a sensitivity of 100%. The specificity for CIN2+ of Seq-SC and Seq-SL was 89.54 and 89.53%; for CIN3+ was 88.84,88.82% respectively. For both HR-HPV assays, the sensitivities were similar for the two self-sample media (SC vs SL, p = 1.00). CONCLUSIONS: The solid transport card for collecting vaginal self-samples as accurate as liquid transport media assayed by two different PCR based HR-HPV tests. The solid transport media is a suitable medium for collecting and storing vaginal self-samples.

9.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 248: 119267, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33310271

RESUMO

Flexible organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) have attracted considerable attention for the reason of light weight, high mechanical flexibility in display and lighting. The most widely used transparent anode indium tin oxide (ITO) is unsuitable for flexible OLEDs because of its easy cracking upon bending. In this paper, we proposed a simple two steps solution processing method to fabricate flexible PEDOT:PSS:GO/Ag NWs composite electrodes. The optimized PEDOT:PSS:GO/Ag NWs composite electrode exhibits an optical transmittance of 88.7% at a wavelength of 550 nm and a low sheet resistance of 17 Ω/sq, which arecomparable to that of ITO. With PEDOT:PSS:GO/Ag NWs composite electrodes, the turn on voltage, current density and maximum brightness of OLEDs based on composite electrode were 2.1 V, 6.2 cd/A and 22894 cd/m2, respectively, which were superior to that OLED based on ITO anode. The enhanced performance of OLEDs based on composite anode mainly attributed to the lower sheet resistance, smoother surface of the composite anode and the far surface plasma resonance (Far SPR) effect, a lower waveguide optical loss because of the introduction of Ag NWs in the electrode.

10.
Genes (Basel) ; 11(11)2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33233827

RESUMO

TCP proteins are plant-specific transcription factors widely implicated in leaf morphogenesis and senescence, flowering, lateral branching, hormone crosstalk, and stress responses. However, the relationship between the transcription pattern of TCPs and organ development in cucumber has not been systematically studied. In this study, we performed a genome-wide identification of putative TCP genes and analyzed their chromosomal location, gene structure, conserved motif, and transcript expression. A total of 27 putative TCP genes were identified and characterized in cucumber. All 27 putative CsTCP genes were classified into class I and class II. Class I comprised 12 CsTCPs and Class II contained 15 CsTCPs. The 27 putative CsTCP genes were randomly distributed in five of seven chromosomes in cucumber. Four putative CsTCP genes were found to contain putative miR319 target sites. Quantitative RT-PCR revealed that 27 putative CsTCP genes exhibited different expression patterns in cucumber tissues and floral organ development. Transcript expression and phenotype analysis showed that the putative CsTCP genes responded to temperature and photoperiod and were induced by gibberellin (GA)and ethylene treatment, which suggested that CsTCP genes may regulate the lateral branching by involving in multiple signal pathways. These results lay the foundation for studying the function of cucumber TCP genes in the future.

11.
Transl Psychiatry ; 10(1): 348, 2020 10 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051440

RESUMO

To study the acute psychological effects of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak among healthcare workers (HCWs) in China, a cross-sectional survey was conducted among HCWs during the early period of COVID-19 outbreak. The acute psychological effects including symptoms of depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) questionnaire, and the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R). The prevalence of depression, anxiety, and PTSD was estimated at 15.0%, 27.1%, and 9.8%, respectively. Having an intermediate technical title, working at the frontline, receiving insufficient training for protection, and lacking confidence in protection measures were significantly associated with increased risk for depression and anxiety. Being a nurse, having an intermediate technical title, working at the frontline, and lacking confidence in protection measures were risk factors for PTSD. Meanwhile, not worrying about infection was a protective factor for developing depression, anxiety, and PTSD. Psychological interventions should be implemented among HCWs during the COVID-19 outbreak to reduce acute psychological effects and prevent long-term psychological comorbidities. Meanwhile, HCWs should be well trained and well protected before their frontline exposure.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Doença Aguda , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/métodos , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias
13.
Curr Med Sci ; 40(5): 951-959, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33123908

RESUMO

Labor induction is commonly used for achieving successful vaginal delivery. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of dinoprostone and Cook's balloon as labor-inducing agents in primipara women at term. A retrospective cohort study among primipara women was conducted in Hubei Maternity and Child Health Hospital. Basic clinical characteristics were collected. The main outcomes were vaginal delivery rate, cesarean section rate and forceps delivery rate. Obstetric and perinatal outcomes were also compared. Univariate and multivariate analyses were further performed to evaluate the predictors for vaginal delivery within 24 h. A total of 845 eligible primipara women undergoing labor induction were recruited. Of them, 141 women were induced with dinoprostone (dinoprostone group, DG), and 704 with Cook's balloon (Cook's balloon group, CG). Groups were homogeneous except more women with premature rupture of membranes in DG, with gestational hypertension in CG (P<0.05). The vaginal delivery rate within 12 h was 1.98% and 16.52% in CG and DG respectively (P=0.0001). Besides, the vaginal delivery rate within 24 h was 37.62% and 52.26% in CG and DG respectively (P=0.0079). DG showed the lower rate of oxytocin augmentation, artificial rupture of membrane and postpartum hemorrhage and the shorter interval from insertion to active labor than CG (P<0.05). Multivariate regression analysis revealed that abortion history, oxytocin augmentation, artificial rupture of membrane, and obstetric analgesia were independent predictors for vaginal delivery within 24 h. In conclusion, dinoprostone was more effective than Cook's balloon to induce labor and achieve vaginal birth in the sample of primipara women at term.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33089619

RESUMO

AIM: To compare thermocoagulation and cryotherapy for treatment of high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). METHODS: From May 2017 to May 2018, women with CIN2/3 were randomized to thermocoagulation or cryotherapy at Peking University Shenzhen Hospital. Follow-up at 4 and 8 months included cytology and human papillomavirus (HPV) testing. Women who were HPV-positive or had atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance or higher-grade disease underwent colposcopy/biopsy. RESULTS: Among 149 women enrolled, 74 were randomized to thermocoagulation, and 75 to cryotherapy (excluded four were immediately referred for thermocoagulation due to large lesions). At follow-up, there was no difference between the thermocoagulation and cryotherapy groups in HPV-negative (4/8 months: 72.5%/86.2% vs 68.6%/80.6%) and pathology-negative (97.1%/98.5% vs 94.3%/92.3%) rates (all P > 0.05). The cytology-negative rate was similar for thermocoagulation and cryotherapy at 4 months (79.7% vs 78.9%, P > 0.05), but higher for thermocoagulation at 8 months (100% vs 88.7%, P < 0.05). No lesions were observed among the four referral women at follow-up. As compared with cryotherapy, thermocoagulation was associated with shorter duration of treatment and less vaginal discharge, but higher pain during application and longer bleeding after treatment. CONCLUSION: Thermocoagulation was as effective and safe as cryotherapy and might be easily applied to treat high-grade cervical lesions.

15.
Infect Agent Cancer ; 15: 65, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33110442

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this research was to evaluate independently the performance of a new isothermal amplification assay for cervical cancer screening compared to two previously validated PCR-based assays and histologic endpoints. Methods: This is a sub-study from the Chinese multi-center screening trial (CHIMUST). The self-collected and clinician-collected specimens stored in PreservCyt at - 4 °C from 6042 women with complete data were tested with the AmpFire assay. These specimens had been previously tested with Cobas and SeqHPV assays. In the primary study all patients with an abnormal test were referred to colposcopy where all had directed and/or random biopsies plus ECC. No additional patients were called back based on the AmpFire results. Results: 6042/6619 women had complete data (mean age 44.1). There were 57 cases of CIN 2, 35 cases of CIN 3 and 2 cancers. The sensitivity for CIN2+ and CIN3+ were similar among the three assays (both direct and self-collected). For the specificities in all categories (CIN2+/CIN3+ and self and direct collection), isothermal amplification assay was either equal to or more specific than Cobas but consistently less specific than SeqHPV. Conclusion: The AmpFire HPV assay showed similar sensitivity to Cobas and SeqHPV for CIN2+ and CIN3+ on both self and clinician-collections (P>0.05), with good specificity. The speed, low cost, and simplicity of this assay will make it particularly suited for low and middle resource settings. Its accuracy with self-collection makes it applicable for mass screening programs.

16.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 165(Pt B): 1694-1705, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33058986

RESUMO

Polysaccharides are important active constituents of Radix Puerariae lobatae (RPL). In this study, a novel homogeneous polysaccharide from RPL was successfully obtained by HP-20 macroporous resin and purified by Sepharose G-100 column chromatography. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analysis showed that the main glycosidic bonds were composed of α-1,3-linked and α-1,4-linked glucose. The molecular weight of PL-S2 was 18.73 kDa. The hypolipidemic effect of PL-S2 on hyperlipidemic rats was evaluated in histopathology and metabolomics analyses. PL-S2 significantly reduced plasma lipid levels and inhibited bile acid metabolism. We also demonstrated that treatment with PL-S2 activated FXR, CYP7A1, BESP, and MRP2 in rat liver. Our findings first indicate that PL-S2 decreases plasma lipid levels in hyperlipidemic rats by activating the FXR signaling pathway and promoting bile acid excretion. Therefore, PL-S2 derived from RPL is implicated as a functional food factor with lipid-regulating activity, and highlighted as a potential food supplement for the treatment of hyperlipidemia.

17.
Cancer Manag Res ; 12: 9067-9075, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33061601

RESUMO

Purpose: When used for cervical cancer primary screening, liquid-based cytology (LBC) has a high specificity but a low sensitivity. For histological diagnosis of high-grade lesions, p16INK4a immunostaining has proven to be useful. Therefore, our objective was to evaluate the use of p16INK4a immuno-cytology as a primary screen and a secondary screen after primary high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) screening or LBC screening. Methods: A total of 1197 cytology slides were immuno-stained using automatic p16INK4a staining system (PathCIN®p16INK4a) in two studies from cervical screening programs. In the primary screening study, 875 slides were randomly selected and analyzed for p16INK4a. In the secondary screening study, 322 of the remaining slides were chosen by virtue of being HPV 16/18+, other hrHPV+/LBC≥ASC-US, or HPV-negative/LBC ≥LSIL. The sensitivity and specificity for detection of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2/3 or worse (CIN2+/CIN3+) were compared based on p16INK4a, LBC and HPV test results. Results: In combining two studies, there were 431 cases with biopsy pathology. They included 83 cases with CIN2+ and 41 cases with CIN3+. The p16 positivity rate increased with pathologic and cytologic severity (P<0.0001). For primary screening: p16 immuno-cytology was more specific than HPV testing and was similar in sensitivity. Also, p16 immuno-cytology compared favorably with routine LBC (≥ASC-US or ≥LSIL) in sensitivity and specificity. For secondary screening: after LBC screening, "Triaging ASC-US with p16" gave a higher specificity and a similar sensitivity as compared to the "Triaging ASC-US with hrHPV" algorithm. After HPV primary screening, p16 immuno-cytology was more specific than LBC (≥ASC-US); the calculated colposcopy referral rate was also decreased by using p16 immuno-cytology as triage. Triage of "HPV16/18 and p16" had higher specificity and similar sensitivity as compared to triage of "HPV16/18 and LBC ≥ASC-US". Conclusion: For primary screening, p16INK4a immuno-cytology compares favorably to routine LBC and HPV testing. p16INK4a immunostaining could be an efficient triage to reduce the colposcopy referral rate after primary hrHPV screening or LBC screening. Therefore, p16INK4a immuno-cytology may be applicable as a favorable technology for cervical cancer screening.

18.
J Int Med Res ; 48(10): 300060520961279, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33044871

RESUMO

Black hairy tongue (BHT) is characterized by a discolored, hairy tongue. We herein report two cases of BHT associated with antibacterial agents and review previous cases. In Case 1, a 17-year-old girl with a central neurocytoma was administered intravenous piperacillin-tazobactam for postoperative infection, and BHT developed 12 days later. Her symptoms resolved 8 days after she discontinued the piperacillin-tazobactam and brushed her tongue three times daily. In Case 2, a 65-year-old man was administered intravenous piperacillin-tazobactam and levofloxacin to treat multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and BHT developed 15 days later. The piperacillin-tazobactam was discontinued and the patient brushed his tongue, and the discoloration gradually subsided thereafter. However, the BHT reappeared after linezolid treatment. The patient had adverse drug reactions to both the piperacillin-tazobactam and linezolid treatments. The BHT might have been related to antibiotic use in both cases. We identified 19 cases of antibiotic-related BHT in a literature search, but none were related to piperacillin-tazobactam use. In all cases, symptoms resolved after discontinuation of the drug and brushing of the tongue. BHT may be a rare adverse effect of antibiotics. Treatment strategies include removal of the causative agents, mechanical debridement, and good oral hygiene.

19.
J Med Screen ; : 969141320943634, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869705

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The performance of Cobas4800 cycle threshold value (Ct-value, reflecting viral load) combined with human papillomavirus (HPV) 16/18 genotyping was explored as a method of risk stratification to triage patients after primary HPV screening of self-collected samples. METHODS: The Chinese Multi-site Screening Trial database was reviewed, with focus on self-collected samples, using the results of Cobas4800 HPV assay. Quartiles of Ct-values of each genotype were used for grouping and developing screening algorithms. Diagnostic accuracy for paired comparisons between algorithms was obtained using McNemar's test. RESULTS: A total of 10,498 women were included. The Ct-values of HPV16 and other high-risk HPV were inversely correlated with the severity of cervical lesions (p < 0.001). Risks for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2+/CIN3+) were significantly stratified by Ct-values from channels detecting HPV16 and other high-risk HPV types. "HPV with HPV16/18 and reflex Ct <33.7" (algorithm G) achieved a favorable sensitivity to "HPV with atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance or worse (≥ASCUS)" (81.9% vs. 70.1% for CIN2+, p < 0.001), a comparable sensitivity to "HPV with HPV16/18 reflex cytology ≥ASCUS" (81.9% vs. 81.3% for CIN2+, p > 0.05), and resulted in a slightly lower specificity than the latter two algorithms (92.6% vs. 97.4% and 95.4% respectively for CIN2+, p < 0.05). However, algorithm G achieved a comparable sensitivity to HPV testing alone for CIN3+, and reduced the colposcopy referral rate from 13.7% for HPV testing alone to 8.4%. CONCLUSIONS: HPV viral loads reflected by Ct-values are associated with the severity of cervical lesions. Ct-values with an appropriate cut-off of 33.7, combined with HPV16/18 genotyping, represent a promising triage of HPV-positive women particularly for self-collected samples.

20.
Int J Med Sci ; 17(14): 2147-2154, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32922175

RESUMO

Background: Hemorrhagic shock-induced ischemia and hypoxia elicit endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) that leads to cell apoptosis, tissue structural damage and organ dysfunction and failure. Stellate ganglion blockade (SGB) has been demonstrated to improve intestinal barrier dysfunction induced by hemorrhagic shock. The present study sought to investigate whether the beneficial effect of SGB on the intestinal mucosal barrier function is via suppression of ERS. Materials and methods: A conscious rat model of hemorrhagic shock (40 ±2 mmHg for 1 hour, followed by resuscitation) was established. The parameters reflecting intestinal morphology and intestinal mucosal barrier function including wet-dry ratio (W/D), intestinal permeability, D-lactic acid (D-LA) and intestinal fatty acid binding protein (I-FABP) in plasma, and expressions of ATF6α, PERK, and IRE1α in intestinal tissues were then observed. Furthermore, the effects of either SGB or ERS inhibitor, 4-phenylbutyric acid (4-PBA), on these parameters in rats with hemorrhagic shock were assessed. The effect of ERS agonist tunicamycin (TM) on the rats subjected with both SGB and hemorrhagic shock was also determined. Results: Either SGB or administration of ERS inhibitor, 4-PBA, alleviated hemorrhagic shock-induced adverse effects such as intestinal mucosal barrier dysfunction and excessive autophagy, which were characterized by damaged intestinal tissue, enhanced intestinal permeability and D-LA and I-FABP levels in plasma, and increased expressions of ATF6α, PERK, IRE1α in intestinal tissue. In contrast, administration of ERS agonist, TM, suppressed the beneficial effects of SGB on intestinal tissue and function during hemorrhagic shock. Conclusion: The SGB repairs intestinal mucosal barrier through suppression of ERS following hemorrhagic shock.

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