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2.
Front Neurosci ; 16: 1033801, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36419458

RESUMO

Purpose: Quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) has surfaced as a promising non-invasive quantitative biomarker that provides information about tissue composition and microenvironment. Recently, ultrashort echo time quantitative susceptibility mapping (UTE-QSM) has been investigated to achieve QSM of short T2 tissues. As the feasibility of UTE-QSM has not been demonstrated in the brain, the goal of this study was to develop a UTE-QSM with an efficient 3D cones trajectory and validate it in the human brain. Materials and methods: An ultrashort echo time (UTE) cones sequence was implemented in a 3T clinical MRI scanner. Six images were acquired within a single acquisition, including UTE and gradient recalled echo (GRE) images. To achieve QSM, a morphology-enabled dipole inversion (MEDI) algorithm was incorporated, which utilizes both magnitude and phase images. Three fresh cadaveric human brains were scanned using the 3D cones trajectory with eight stretching factors (SFs) ranging from 1.0 to 1.7. In addition, five healthy volunteers were recruited and underwent UTE-QSM to demonstrate the feasibility in vivo. The acquired data were processed with the MEDI-QSM pipeline. Results: The susceptibility maps estimated by UTE-QSM showed reliable tissue contrast. In the ex vivo experiment, high correlations were found between the baseline (SF of 1.0) and SFs from 1.1 to 1.7 with Pearson's correlations of 0.9983, 0.9968, 0.9959, 0.9960, 0.9954, 0.9943, and 0.9879, respectively (all p-values < 0.05). In the in vivo experiment, the measured QSM values in cortical gray matter, juxtacortical white matter, corpus callosum, caudate, and putamen were 25.4 ± 4.0, -21.8 ± 3.2, -22.6 ± 10.0, 77.5 ± 18.8, and 53.8 ± 7.1 ppb, consistent with the values reported in the literature. Conclusion: Ultrashort echo time quantitative susceptibility mapping enables direct estimation of the magnetic susceptibility in the brain with a dramatically reduced total scan time by use of a stretched 3D cones trajectory. This technique provides a new biomarker for susceptibility mapping in the in vivo brain.

3.
J Transl Med ; 20(1): 546, 2022 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36435787

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE) is one of the most common types of sepsis-related organ dysfunction without overt central nervous system (CNS) infection. It is associated with higher mortality, low quality of life, and long-term neurological sequelae in suspected patients. At present there is no specific treatment for SAE rather than supportive therapy and judicious use of antibiotics, which are sometimes associated with adverse effects. Molecular hydrogen (H2) has been reported to play crucial role in regulating inflammatory responses, neuronal injury, apoptosis and mitochondrial dysfunction in adult models of SAE. Here we report the protective effect of hydrogen-rich saline in juvenile SAE rat model and its possible underling mechanism(s). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rats were challenged with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) at a dose of 8 mg/kg injected intraperitoneally to induce sepsis and hydrogen-rich saline (HRS) administered 1 h following LPS induction at a dose of 5 ml/kg. Rats were divided into: sham, sham + HRS, LPS and LPS + HRS. At 48 h, rats were sacrificed and Nissl staining for neuronal injury, TUNEL assay for apoptotic cells detection, immunohistochemistry, and ELISA protocol for inflammatory cytokines determination, mitochondrial dysfunction parameters, electron microscopy and western blot analysis were studied to examine the effect of HRS in LPS-induced septic rats. RESULTS: Rats treated with HRS improved neuronal injury, improvement in rats' survival rate. ELISA analysis showed decreased TNF-α and IL-1ß and increased IL-10 expression levels in the HRS-treated group. Apoptotic cells were decreased after HRS administration in septic rats. The numbers of GFAP and IBA-1positive cells were attenuated in the HRS-treated group when compared to the LPS group. Subsequently, GFAP and IBA-1 immunoreactivity were decreased after HRS treatment. Mitochondrial membrane potential detected by JC-1 dye and ATP content were decreased in septic rats, which were improved after HRS treatment, while release of ROS was increased in the LPS group reverted by HRS treatment, ameliorating mitochondrial dysfunction. Further analysis by transmission electron microscopy showed decreased number of mitochondria and synapses, and disrupted mitochondrial membrane ultrastructure in the LPS group, while HRS administration increased mitochondria and synapses number. CONCLUSION: These data demonstrated that HRS can improve survival rate, attenuate neuroinflammation, astrocyte and microglial activation, neuronal injury and mitochondrial dysfunction in juvenile SAE rat model, making it a potential therapeutic candidate in treating paediatric SAE.


Assuntos
Encefalopatia Associada a Sepse , Sepse , Ratos , Animais , Encefalopatia Associada a Sepse/complicações , Encefalopatia Associada a Sepse/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Doenças Neuroinflamatórias , Qualidade de Vida , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Sepse/complicações , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Hidrogênio/uso terapêutico , Hidrogênio/metabolismo
4.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 947360, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36440398

RESUMO

Background: The outbreak of COVID-19 has affected the mental health of adolescents. To describe the Internet behavior-changing patterns of adolescents and to understand the impact of clinical features on changing patterns during the COVID-19 pandemic. Materials and methods: We conducted a cross-sectional cohort study using data collected through online investigation in China. A total of 625 adolescents completed the online survey from May 15 to June 7, 2020. The adolescents were asked to retrospect to the Internet behaviors and game behaviors of three time periods as follows: before the COVID-19 outbreak in China, during the COVID-19 outbreak in China, and back to school. The clinical variables of the demographic data, family functionality, and emotional and behavioral symptoms were also collected. According to the Internet behaviors and game behaviors patterns across the three time periods, the subjects will be sub-grouped. Results: Four Internet behavior-changing patterns during the COVID-19 was identified: (1) Continuous Normal Group (55.52%); (2) Normal to Internet Addiction Group (5.28%); (3) Internet Addiction to Normal Group (14.56%); and (4) Continuous Internet Addiction Group (24.64%). Years of education, academic score ranking, family functionality, and emotional and behavioral symptoms were different across the four groups. Proportions of game behaviors, scores of Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), and SDQ subscale during the period before the COVID-19 outbreak were significant in predicting changing patterns. Conclusion: The Internet behavior patterns of adolescents during the COVID-19 period were various. Clinical features before the COVID-19 pandemic may predict changing patterns. The heterogeneity in characteristics between different changing patterns should be considered when intervening in adolescents' problematic Internet behavior.

5.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(5): 595-601, Set.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376689

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction: The β-hydroxy β-methyl butyrate (HMB) is an amino acid leucine metabolite with several ergogenic benefits. It is known that it can benefit testosterone and cortisol concentration in athletes. However, no systematic review and meta-analysis has focused on the effects of HMB supplementation on testosterone and cortisol in trained athletes. Objectives: The meta-analysis evaluates the effect of HMB supplementation on testosterone and cortisol in trained athletes and verifies conflicting results between studies. Methods: A systemic review was performed in Scopus, Medline, and Google scholar databases of articles published until August 2021. The Cochrane Collaboration tool was used to assess the risk of bias and assess the quality of the studies. Random effects model, weighted mean difference (WMD), and 95% confidence interval (CI) were used to estimate the overall effect. Results: Although the meta-analysis showed that HMB consumption does not alter cortisol and testosterone concentration, subgroup analysis based on exercise type exhibited a significant decrease in cortisol concentration in resistance training exercises (P<0.05) and a significant increase in testosterone concentration in combined aerobic and anaerobic sports (P<0.05). Conclusion: The results indicate that HMB supplementation in athletes can reduce cortisol concentration in endurance exercise and increase testosterone concentration in combined aerobic and anaerobic exercise. Evidence Level II; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the results.


RESUMO Introdução: o β-hidroxi β-metilbutirato (HMB) é um metabólito de aminoácido leucina e tem vários benefícios ergogênicos. Sabe-se que ela pode beneficiar a concentração de testosterona e cortisol em atletas. Porém, nenhuma revisão sistemática e meta-análise focou-se nos efeitos que a suplementação de HMB provoca sobre testosterona e cortisol em atletas treinados. Objetivos: A meta-análise tem como objetivo avaliar o efeito de suplementação de HMB na testosterona e cortisol em atletas treinados, além de verificar resultados contraditórios entre estudos. Métodos: Foi feita uma revisão sistêmica nas bases Scopus, Medline e Google scholar dos artigos publicados até agosto de 2021. A ferramenta de colaboração Cochrane foi utilizada para avaliar o risco de viés e também para avaliar a qualidade dos estudos. Modelo de efeitos aleatórios, diferença média ponderada (ADM) e intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC) foram utilizados para estimar o efeito geral. Resultados: Embora a meta-análise tenha evidenciado que o consumo de HMB não altere a concentração de cortisol e testosterona, a análise do subgrupo com base no tipo de exercício exibiu uma diminuição significativa na concentração do cortisol nos exercícios de treinamento de resistência (P<0,05) e um aumento significativo na concentração de testosterona em esportes combinados aeróbicos e anaeróbicos (P<0,05). Conclusão: Os resultados indicam que a suplementação de HMB em atletas pode reduzir a concentração de cortisol em exercícios de resistência e aumentar a concentração de testosterona em exercícios aeróbicos e anaeróbicos combinados. Nível de evidência II; Estudos Terapêuticos - Investigação de Resultados.


RESUMEN Introducción: El β-hidroxi-β-metilbutirato (HMB) es un metabolito del aminoácido leucina y tiene varios beneficios ergogénicos. Está comprobado que puede beneficiar la concentración de testosterona y cortisol en los deportistas. Sin embargo, ninguna revisión sistemática y meta-análisis se ha centrado en los efectos que la suplementación con HMB provoca en la testosterona y el cortisol en atletas entrenados. Objetivos: El meta-análisis tiene como objetivo evaluar el efecto de la suplementación con HMB sobre la testosterona y el cortisol en atletas entrenados, y verificar los resultados contradictorios entre los estudios. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión sistémica en las bases de datos Scopus, Medline y Google scholar de los artículos publicados hasta agosto de 2021. Se utilizó la herramienta de colaboración Cochrane para evaluar el riesgo de sesgo y también para evaluar la calidad de los estudios. Se utilizó un modelo de efectos aleatorios, una diferencia de medias ponderada (DMP) y un intervalo de confianza (IC) del 95% para estimar el efecto global. Resultados: Aunque el meta-análisis mostró que el consumo de HMB no altera la concentración de cortisol y testosterona, el análisis de subgrupos basado en el tipo de ejercicio mostró una disminución significativa de la concentración de cortisol en los ejercicios de entrenamiento de resistencia (P<0,05) y un aumento significativo de la concentración de testosterona en los deportes aeróbicos y anaeróbicos combinados (P<0,05). Conclusión: Los resultados indican que la suplementación con HMB en los atletas puede reducir la concentración de cortisol en el ejercicio de resistencia y aumentar la concentración de testosterona en el ejercicio aeróbico y anaeróbico combinado. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de resultados.

6.
NMR Biomed ; : e4843, 2022 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36264245

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis is a common chronic degenerative disease that causes pain and disability with increasing incidence worldwide. The osteochondral junction is a dynamic region of the joint that is associated with the early development and progression of osteoarthritis. Despite the substantial advances achieved in the imaging of cartilage and application to osteoarthritis in recent years, the osteochondral junction has received limited attention. This is primarily related to technical limitations encountered with conventional MR sequences that are relatively insensitive to short T2 tissues and the rapid signal decay that characterizes these tissues. MR sequences with ultrashort echo time (UTE) are of great interest because they can provide images of high resolution and contrast in this region. Here, we briefly review the anatomy and function of cartilage, focusing on the osteochondral junction. We also review basic concepts and recent applications of UTE MR sequences focusing on the osteochondral junction.

7.
Adv Mater ; : e2206450, 2022 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36217835

RESUMO

Due to the limited reserves of metals, scientists are devoted to exploring high-performance metal-free catalysts based on carbon materials to solve environment-related issues. Doping would build up inhomogeneous charge distribution on surface, which is an efficient approach for boosting the catalytic performance. However, doping sites are difficult to control in traditional carbon materials, thus hindering their development. Taking the advantage of unique sp-C in graphdiyne (GDY), a new N doping configuration of sp-hybridized nitrogen (sp-N), bringing a Pt-comparable catalytic activity in oxygen reduction reaction is site-defined introduced. However, the reaction intermediate of this process is never captured, hindering the understanding of the mechanism and the precise synthesis of metal-free catalysts. After the four-year study, the fabrication of intermediate-like molecule is realized, and finally sp-N doped GDY via the pericyclic reaction is obtained. Compared with GDY doped with other N configurations, the designed sp-N GDY shows much higher catalytic activity in electroreduction of CO2 toward CH4 production, owing to the unique electronic structure introduced by sp-N, which is more favorable in stabilizing the intermediate. Thus, besides opening the black-box for the site-defined doping, this work reveals the relationship between doping configuration and products of CO2 reduction.

8.
J Addict Med ; 2022 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36300816

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aimed to examine the prevalence of alcohol consumption among methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) clients in Shanghai and to determine whether a brief intervention (BI) affects drinking among them. METHODS: A total of 837 clients from 14 local MMT clinics were invited to complete the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). One hundred one were included in the study and randomly assigned to the BI group or the control group. Clients in the BI group received a BI and general health education, whereas clients in the control group received the general health education only. Baseline and postintervention assessments were conducted by using the AUDIT, the Drinking Attitude Questionnaire, the Depression Module of the Patient Health Questionnaire, the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale, and the General Well-Being Schedule. RESULTS: Two hundred fifty-nine (30.9%) reported drinking during the last year, and 103 (12.3%) met the criteria for harmful use. At the 3-month follow-up, the AUDIT scores of the 2 groups were significantly decreased, and the time effect was statistically significant (F = 6.224, P = 0.018), but there was no group difference in AUDIT scores (F = 1.953, P = 0.172). Both groups had a main time effect of time on the improvement of depression (F = 8.044, P = 0.008), anxiety (F = 9.650, P = 0.004), and general well-being (F = 5.056, P = 0.033). However, there was no statistical difference between the 2 groups (P > 0.05), and no statistical difference in the time (F = 1.738, P = 0.198) and group (F = 0.658, P = 0.424) effect of drinking attitude. CONCLUSIONS: Alcohol consumption is common among MMT clients in China. Brief intervention, in its current form, could not effectively help them reduce their alcohol consumption.

9.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 12(9): 4658-4690, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36060593

RESUMO

This paper updates and extends three previous papers on tissue property filters (TP-filters), Multiplied, Added, Divided and/or Subtracted Inversion Recovery (MASTIR) pulse sequences and synergistic contrast MRI (scMRI). It does this by firstly adding the central contrast theorem (CCT) to TP-filters, secondly including division with MASTIR sequences to make them Multiplied, Added, Subtracted and/or Divided IR (MASDIR) sequences, and thirdly incorporating division into the image processing needed for scMR to increase synergistic T1 contrast. These updated concepts are then used to explain and improve contrast at tissue boundaries, as well as to develop imaging regimes to detect and monitor small changes to the brain over time and quantify T1. The CCT is in two parts: the first part states that contrast produced by each TP is the product of the change in TP multiplied by the TP sequence weighting which is the first partial derivative of the TP-filter. The second part states that the overall fractional contrast is the algebraic sum of the fractional contrasts produced by each of the TPs. Subtraction of two IR sequences alone about doubles contrast relative to a conventional single IR sequence. Division of this subtraction can amplify contrast 5-15 times compared with conventional IR sequences. Dividing sequences can be problematic in areas where the signal is zero but this is avoided by dividing the difference in signal of two magnitude reconstructed IR sequences by the sum of their signals. The basis for the production of high contrast, high spatial resolution boundaries at white-gray matter junctions, between cerebral cortex and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and at other sites with subtracted IR (SIR) and divided subtracted IR (dSIR) sequences is explained and examples are shown. A key concept is the tissue fraction f, which is the proportion of a tissue in a mixture of two tissues within a voxel. Contrast at boundaries is a function of the partial derivative of the TP-filter, the partial derivative of the relevant TP with respect to f, and the partial derivative of f with respect to distance, x. Location of tissue boundaries is important for segmentation and is helpful in determining if inversion times have been chosen correctly. In small change regimes, the high sensitivity to small changes in T1 provided by dSIR images, together with the high definition boundaries, afford mechanisms for detecting small changes due to contrast agents, disease, perfusion and other causes. 3D isotropic rigid body registration provides a technique for following these changes over time in serial studies. Images showing high lesion contrast, high definition tissue and fluid boundaries, and the detection of small changes are included. T1 maps can be created by linearly scaling dSIR images.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36070175

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mobile phones are widely used in clinical settings and could be colonized by potential pathogenic bacteria which may lead to hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) transmission. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of bacterial contamination of healthcare workers' (HCWs) mobile phones, identify bacterial isolates, and assess the factors associated with mobile phone contamination. METHODS: Self-administered questionnaire was used to collect the information on the demographic characteristics and the use of mobile phones. A total of 111 HCWs' hands and their mobile phones were swabbed, then bacterial culture, isolation, and identification were performed. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression were applied to identify factors associated with mobile phone bacterial contamination. RESULTS: Totally 106 (95.5%) of the 111 mobile phones investigated were contaminated with bacteria. Staphylococcus epidermidis (13/111), Acinetobacter baumannii (4/111) and Staphylococcus aureus (3/111) were the predominant bacterial isolates from HCWs' mobile phones. Univariate analyses showed that age, gender, profession and the frequency of mobile phone utilization were significantly associated with the number of bacterial colonization. Frequency of phone utilization (OR 8.366; 95% CI 1.496-46.797) was found to be the most significant factors associated with the qualified rate of mobile phones bacterial load. In addition, phone cover using was associated with the increased risk of mobile phone bacterial contamination. CONCLUSION: There was cross-contamination between hands and phones. It is necessary to develop guidelines for mobile phone cleaning. Special attention needs to be paid to the disinfection of mobile phone covers to reduce contamination and transmission of pathogens.

12.
Invest Radiol ; 2022 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36070535

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Repeated computed tomography (CT) examinations increase patients' ionizing radiation exposure and health costs, making an alternative method desirable. Cortical and trabecular bone, however, have short T2 relaxation times, causing low signal intensity on conventional magnetic resonance (MR) sequences. Different techniques are available to create a "CT-like" contrast of bone, such as ultrashort echo time, zero echo time, gradient-echo, and susceptibility-weighted image MR sequences, and artificial intelligence. This systematic review summarizes the essential technical background and developments of ultrashort echo time, zero echo time, gradient-echo, susceptibility-weighted image MR imaging sequences and artificial intelligence; presents studies on research and clinical applications of "CT-like" MR imaging; and describes their main advantages and limitations. We also discuss future opportunities in research, which patients would benefit the most, the most appropriate situations for using the technique, and the potential to replace CT in the clinical workflow.

13.
BMC Infect Dis ; 22(1): 698, 2022 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35986264

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Orientia tsutsugamushi (O. tsutsugamushi), an obligate intracellular bacterium, is transmitted to humans through infected larval trombiculid mite bites, causing scrub typhus. Mixed genotypes of O. tsutsugamushi in canonical conserved genes were reported in 8-25% of blood samples from patients. Yet, there are few clinical descriptions of these mixed O. tsutsugamushi-infected patients. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a patient with scrub typhus complicated with pulmonary involvement and hepatic dysfunction, who carried mixed genotypes of the conserved genes but had a single immune-dominant 56-kDa type-specific antigen (tsa56) genotype. The patient was successfully recovered by doxycycline treatment. CONCLUSIONS: In this reported case, both patient's eschar and blood samples have repeatedly shown the same results, i.e., no variants were discovered in tsa56 gene that bears multiple hypervariable regions. Whereas the selected highly conserved genes were identified with up to 32 variants in a 2700 base-pair concatenated sequence. The prevalence, disease severity and mechanism of these single-tsa56-genotype mixed infections remain to be investigated on a large scale with more cases.


Assuntos
Orientia tsutsugamushi , Tifo por Ácaros , Trombiculidae , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Genótipo , Humanos , Orientia tsutsugamushi/genética , Tifo por Ácaros/complicações , Tifo por Ácaros/diagnóstico , Tifo por Ácaros/epidemiologia , Trombiculidae/microbiologia
14.
Mol Cancer ; 21(1): 173, 2022 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36045408

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) mediate the infiltration of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) to facilitate carcinogenesis and development of various types of cancers. However, the role of circRNAs in regulating macrophages in prostate cancer (PCa) remains uncertain. METHODS: Differentially expressed circRNAs in PCa were identified by RNA sequencing. The expression of circSMARCC1 was recognized and evaluated using fluorescence in situ hybridization and quantitative real-time PCR. The oncogenic role of circSMARCC1 in PCa tumor proliferation and metastasis was investigated through a series of in vitro and in vivo assays. Finally, Western blot, biotin-labeled RNA pulldown, luciferase assay, rescue experiments, and co-culture experiments with TAMs were conducted to reveal the mechanistic role of circSMARCC1. RESULTS: CircSMARCC1 was dramatically up-regulated in PCa cells, plasma and tissues. Overexpression of circSMARCC1 promotes tumor proliferation and metastasis both in vitro and in vivo, whereas knockdown of circSMARCC1 exerts the opposite effects. Mechanistically, circSMARCC1 regulates the expression of CC-chemokine ligand 20 (CCL20) via sponging miR-1322 and activate PI3K-Akt signaling pathway involved in the proliferation and epithelial mesenchymal transformation. More importantly, high expression of circSMARCC1 was positively associated with colonization of CD68+/CD163+/CD206+ TAMs in tumor microenvironment. In addition, overexpression of circSMARCC1 facilitates the expression of CD163 in macrophages through the CCL20-CCR6 axis, induces TAMs infiltration and M2 polarization, thereby leading to PCa progression. CONCLUSIONS: CircSMARCC1 up-regulates the chemokine CCL20 secretion by sponging miR-1322, which is involved in the crosstalk between tumor cells and TAMs by targeting CCL20/CCR6 signaling to promote progression of PCa.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata , RNA Circular , Microambiente Tumoral , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Quimiocina CCL20 , Quimiocinas CC , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Ligantes , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/metabolismo , RNA Circular/genética , Receptores CCR6/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Macrófagos Associados a Tumor
15.
Alcohol Alcohol ; 57(6): 742-748, 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35945705

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The present study was a randomized controlled trial with a longitudinal design aimed at examining the effectiveness of Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) on harmful alcohol use in the community health centres in Shanghai, China, and further compared the effects of a multi-session brief intervention (MBI) and a single-session brief intervention (SBI). METHODS: A total of 362 participants were recruited from four districts of Shanghai and randomly assigned to MBI, SBI and routine care (RC) groups. The MBI group received the brief intervention twice. Follow-up assessments were conducted at 1 and 3 months after the intervention. RESULTS: Compared with the SBI and the RC groups, the Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) scores (F = 6.422, P = 0.002), SDS scores (F = 5.779, P = 0.003) and SAS scores (F = 4.004, P = 0.019) were significant improved in the MBI group at 1and 3-month follow-up assessment. In the SBI group, the SDS scores decreased significantly compared with the RC group, and there were no significant differences in ASSIST scores, drinking knowledge scores and SAS scores 1-month follow-up assessment. CONCLUSION: The findings suggested that SBIRT with two sessions of BI had considerable effects on individuals with harmful alcohol use. It provided clinical evidence for future use in China and other Asian countries with similar situations.


Assuntos
Alcoolismo , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Humanos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/terapia , Intervenção na Crise , China/epidemiologia , Alcoolismo/diagnóstico , Alcoolismo/epidemiologia , Alcoolismo/terapia , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Programas de Rastreamento , Centros Comunitários de Saúde , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia
17.
J Phys Chem B ; 126(26): 4776-4786, 2022 07 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35731862

RESUMO

The interaction between the protein and surface plays an important role in biology and biotechnology. To understand how surface tethering influences the folding behavior of frustrated proteins, in this work, we systematically study the thermodynamics and folding kinetics of the bacterial immunity protein Im7 and Fyn SH3 domain tethered to a surface using Langevin dynamics simulations. Upon surface tethering, the stabilization often results from the entropic effect, whereas the destabilization is usually caused by either an energetic or entropic effect. For the Fyn SH3 domain with a two-state folding manner, the influence of nonnative interactions on thermodynamic stability is not significant, while nonnative interactions can weaken the effect of surface tethering on the change in the folding rate. By contrast, for the frustrated protein Im7, depending on where the protein is tethered, the surface tethering can promote or suppress misfolding by modulating specific nonnative contacts, thereby altering the folding rate and folding mechanism. Because surface tethering can change the intrachain diffusivity of unfolding, the kinetic stability cannot be well captured by the thermodynamic stability at some tether points. This study should be helpful in general to understand how surface tethering affects the folding energy landscape of frustrated proteins.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias , Dobramento de Proteína , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Cinética , Modelos Moleculares , Termodinâmica
19.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 34(5): 497-501, 2022 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35728851

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of thymosin alpha 1 on the prognosis of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed to collect clinical data of 95 patients treated by Shanghai Aid Medical Team in Wuhan Third Hospital during January 31, 2020 and March 4, 2020, who were confirmed COVID-19. They were divided into two groups according to whether they were treated with thymosin alpha 1 after admission. The 28-day mortality (primary outcome), and 28-ventilator-free-day, lymphocyte count (LYM) level, C-reactive protein (CRP) level (secondary outcomes) were compared between two groups. Survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier curve. The effect of thymosin alpha 1 on 28-day survival was evaluated with Cox regression model. RESULTS: Among the 95 patients, there were 31 cases in thymosin group and 64 cases in non-thymosin group; 29 patients died 28 days after admission, including 11 cases (35.5%) in thymosin group and 18 cases (28.1%) in non-thymosin group. Kaplan-Meier survival curve showed that thymosin alpha 1 could improve the 28-day survival of patients with COVID-19, but the univariate Cox model analysis showed that the difference was not statistically significant [hazard ratio (HR) = 0.48, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 0.20-1.14, P = 0.098]; multivariate Cox model analysis showed that thymosin alpha 1 was the factor to improve the 28-day mortality (HR = 0.15, 95%CI was 0.04-0.55, P = 0.004), old age (HR = 1.10, 95%CI was 1.05-1.15, P < 0.001), accompanied by chronic renal dysfunction (HR = 42.35, 95%CI was 2.77-648.64, P = 0.007), decrease of LYM at admission (HR = 0.15, 95%CI was 0.04-0.60, P = 0.007) and the use of methylprednisolone (HR = 4.59, 95%CI was 1.26-16.67, P = 0.021) were also risk factors for the increase of 28-day mortality. The use of immunoglobulin and antiviral drugs abidol and ganciclovir did not affect the 28-day mortality. After adjustment for age, gender, LYM and other factors, weighted multivariate Cox analysis model showed thymosin alpha 1 could significantly improve the 28-day survival of COVID-19 patients (HR = 0.45, 95%CI was 0.25-0.84, P = 0.012). In terms of secondary outcomes, no statistical difference (all P > 0.05) was found between two groups in days without ventilator at 28 days after admission (days: 17.97±13.56 vs. 20.09±12.67) and the increase of LYM at 7 days after admission [×109/L: -0.07 (-0.23, 0.43) vs. 0.12 (-0.54, 0.41)]. But the decrease of CRP at 7 days after admission in thymosin alpha group was significantly greater than that in non-thymosin group [mg/L: 39.99 (8.44, 82.22) vs. 0.53 (-7.78, 22.93), P < 0.05]. CONCLUSION: Thymosin alpha 1 may improve 28-day mortality and inflammation state in COVID-19 patients.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , China , Humanos , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Timalfasina/uso terapêutico
20.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 2022 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35665848

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To investigate whether microsatellite instability (MSI) is an important prognostic biomarker for endometrioid endometrial cancer (EEC). METHODS: The PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Cooperative Library databases were searched from inception to July 2021. Overall survival, disease-free survival, progression-free survival, EEC-specific survival, recurrence-free survival, and the recurrence rate were pooled to analyze the correlation between MSI and EEC. In addition, Egger's regression analysis and Begg's test were used to detect publication bias. RESULTS: 17 studies met the inclusion criteria and were included in our meta-analysis with a sample size of 4723, and the included patients with endometrioid cancer (EC) all were EEC. The pooled hazard ratios (HR) in patients with EEC showed that MSI was significantly associated with shorter overall survival [HR = 1.37, 95% confidence interval (CI) (1.00-1.86), p = 0.048, I2 = 60.6%], shorter disease-free survival [HR = 1.99, 95% CI (1.31-3.01), p = 0.000, I2 = 67.2%], shorter EEC-specific survival [HR = 2.07, 95% CI (1.35-3.18), p = 0.001, I2 = 31.6%] and a higher recurrence rate [Odds ratios (OR) = 2.72, 95% CI (1.56-4.76), p = 0.000, I2 = 0.0%]. In the early-stage EEC subgroup, MSI was significantly associated with shorter overall survival [HR = 1.47, 95% CI (1.11-1.95), p = 0.07], shorter disease-free survival [HR = 4.17, 95% CI (2.37-7.41), p = 0.000], and shorter progression-free survival [HR = 2.41, 95% CI (1.05-5.54), p = 0.039]. No significant heterogeneity was observed in overall survival (I2 = 20.9%), disease-free survival (I2 = 0.0%), or progression-free survival (I2 = 0.0%) in patients with early-stage EEC. Meanwhile, publication bias was not observed, and the p-value for Egger's test of overall survival, disease-free survival, and EEC-specific survival were p = 0.131, p = 0.068, and p = 0.987, respectively. CONCLUSION: MSI is likely an important biomarker for poor prognosis in patients with EEC, and this correlation is even more certain in patients with early-stage EEC.

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