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1.
Front Hum Neurosci ; 18: 1338453, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38952645

RESUMO

Introduction: As robot teleoperation increasingly becomes integral in executing tasks in distant, hazardous, or inaccessible environments, operational delays remain a significant obstacle. These delays, inherent in signal transmission and processing, adversely affect operator performance, particularly in tasks requiring precision and timeliness. While current research has made strides in mitigating these delays through advanced control strategies and training methods, a crucial gap persists in understanding the neurofunctional impacts of these delays and the efficacy of countermeasures from a cognitive perspective. Methods: This study addresses the gap by leveraging functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) to examine the neurofunctional implications of simulated haptic feedback on cognitive activity and motor coordination under delayed conditions. In a human-subject experiment (N = 41), sensory feedback was manipulated to observe its influences on various brain regions of interest (ROIs) during teleoperation tasks. The fNIRS data provided a detailed assessment of cerebral activity, particularly in ROIs implicated in time perception and the execution of precise movements. Results: Our results reveal that the anchoring condition, which provided immediate simulated haptic feedback with a delayed visual cue, significantly optimized neural functions related to time perception and motor coordination. This condition also improved motor performance compared to the asynchronous condition, where visual and haptic feedback were misaligned. Discussion: These findings provide empirical evidence about the neurofunctional basis of the enhanced motor performance with simulated synthetic force feedback in the presence of teleoperation delays. The study highlights the potential for immediate haptic feedback to mitigate the adverse effects of operational delays, thereby improving the efficacy of teleoperation in critical applications.

2.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 13603, 2024 06 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38866944

RESUMO

Notch signaling guides vascular development and function by regulating diverse endothelial cell behaviors, including migration, proliferation, vascular density, endothelial junctions, and polarization in response to flow. Notch proteins form transcriptional activation complexes that regulate endothelial gene expression, but few of the downstream effectors that enable these phenotypic changes have been characterized in endothelial cells, limiting our understanding of vascular Notch activities. Using an unbiased screen of translated mRNA rapidly regulated by Notch signaling, we identified novel in vivo targets of Notch signaling in neonatal mouse brain endothelium, including UNC5B, a member of the netrin family of angiogenic-regulatory receptors. Endothelial Notch signaling rapidly upregulates UNC5B in multiple endothelial cell types. Loss or gain of UNC5B recapitulated specific Notch-regulated phenotypes. UNC5B expression inhibited endothelial migration and proliferation and was required for stabilization of endothelial junctions in response to shear stress. Loss of UNC5B partially or wholly blocked the ability of Notch activation to regulate these endothelial cell behaviors. In the developing mouse retina, endothelial-specific loss of UNC5B led to excessive vascularization, including increased vascular outgrowth, density, and branchpoint count. These data indicate that Notch signaling upregulates UNC5B as an effector protein to control specific endothelial cell behaviors and inhibit angiogenic growth.


Assuntos
Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Endoteliais , Receptores de Netrina , Receptores Notch , Retina , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Receptores de Netrina/metabolismo , Receptores Notch/metabolismo , Camundongos , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Retina/metabolismo , Humanos , Vasos Retinianos/metabolismo , Neovascularização Fisiológica
3.
Food Chem ; 455: 139927, 2024 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38843714

RESUMO

To further enhance the stability of rice bran oil body (RBOB) emulsions, this study examined the impact of various concentrations of quercetin (QU) on the microstructure, rheological properties, oxidative stability, and digestive properties of RBOB emulsions. The results indicated that by incorporating QU concentration, the particle size of RBOB emulsions could be significantly reduced to 300 nm; QU could improve the surface hydrophobicity, the emulsifying activity index and emulsification stability index of RBOB emulsions of 550, 0.078 m2/g and 50.78 min, respectively; the storage stability of RBOB emulsions was further improved; the higher concentration of QU could delay the oxidation of RBOB emulsions, among which, the 500 µmol/L concentration inhibited the strongest effect of oil oxidation. It also improved the thermal stability of RBOB emulsions. After gastrointestinal digestion, the free fatty acids release rate of RBOB emulsions with QU addition decreased to 14.68%, and RBOB emulsions were slowly hydrolyzed. Therefore, adding QU to RBOB helps to improve its stability and delay digestion.


Assuntos
Digestão , Emulsões , Oxirredução , Tamanho da Partícula , Quercetina , Óleo de Farelo de Arroz , Óleo de Farelo de Arroz/química , Emulsões/química , Quercetina/química , Quercetina/farmacologia , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Humanos
4.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 205: 116588, 2024 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38889666

RESUMO

Mariculture stands as a pivotal enterprise aimed at enhancing the quality of human existence. However, the utilization of antibiotics and pesticides in the mariculture process poses threats to both the environment and human well-being. Therefore, it is of great significance to investigate the occurrence, distribution and risk of antibiotics and pesticides in mariculture areas. In this study, 11 kinds of antibiotics and 12 kinds of pesticides were screened in four mariculture areas around Liaodong Peninsula in China. The pollution characteristics of pollutants were investigated in three different mariculture stages. The pollution in the reproduction stage was the most serious, indicating that mariculture may have a potential impact on the surrounding seawater. Health risk assessment results indicate that the pollutants have a significant risk to human health, therefore it is necessary to strengthen the control of chemicals used in mariculture in future.

5.
Eur J Clin Pharmacol ; 2024 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38904800

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This paper was aimed at unveiling the effect of low-molecular-weight heparin calcium (LMWH) combined with magnesium sulfate and labetalol on coagulation, vascular endothelial function, and pregnancy outcome in early-onset severe preeclampsia (EOSP). METHODS: Pregnant women with EOSP were divided into the control group and the study group, each with 62 cases. Patients in the control group were treated with labetalol and magnesium sulfate, and those in the study group were treated with LMWH in combination with the control grou Blood pressure (systolic blood pressure [SBP] and diastolic blood pressure [DBP]), 24-h urine protein, coagulation indices [D-dimer (D-D), plasma fibrinogen (Fg), prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), and prothrombin time (TT)], endothelial function [endothelin (ET-1) and nitric oxide (NO)], oxidative stress indices [oxidized low-density lipoproteins (ox-LDL), lipid peroxidation (LPO), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and malondialdehyde (MDA)], pregnancy outcome, and adverse effects occurred in the two groups were compared. RESULTS: After treatment, lower SBP, DBP, and 24-h urine protein levels; lower Fg and D-D levels; higher PT, APPT, and TT levels; higher NO levels; lower ET-1 levels; lower ox-LDL, MDA, and LPO levels; higher SOD levels; and lower incidence of adverse pregnancy and adverse reactions were noted in the study group in contrast to the control group. CONCLUSION: EOSP patients given with LMWH combined with magnesium sulfate and labetalol can effectively reduce the patient's blood pressure and urinary protein level; improve coagulation function, oxidative stress, and vascular endothelial function indices; reduce the adverse pregnancy outcomes; and improve the safety of treatment.

6.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1402724, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38835783

RESUMO

Background and objective: Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is a leading cause of mortality, severe neurological and long-term disability world-wide. Blood-based indicators may provide valuable information on identified prognostic factors. However, currently, there is still a lack of peripheral blood indicators for the prognosis of AIS. We aimed to identify the most promising prognostic indicators and establish prognostic models for AIS. Methods: 484 subjects enrolled from four centers were analyzed immunophenotypic indicators of peripheral blood by flow cytometry. Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression was applied to minimize the potential collinearity and over-fitting of variables measured from the same subject and over-fitting of variables. Univariate and multivariable Cox survival analysis of differences between and within cohorts was performed by log-rank test. The areas under the receiving operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to evaluate the selection accuracy of immunophenotypic indicators in identifying AIS subjects with survival risk. The prognostic model was constructed using a multivariate Cox model, consisting of 402 subjects as a training cohort and 82 subjects as a testing cohort. Results: In the prospective study, 7 immunophenotypic indicators of distinct significance were screened out of 72 peripheral blood immunophenotypic indicators by LASSO. In multivariate cox regression, CTL (%) [HR: 1.18, 95% CI: 1.03-1.33], monocytes/µl [HR: 1.13, 95% CI: 1.05-1.21], non-classical monocytes/µl [HR: 1.09, 95% CI: 1.02-1.16] and CD56high NK cells/µl [HR: 1.13, 95% CI: 1.05-1.21] were detected to decrease the survival probability of AIS, while Tregs/µl [HR:0.97, 95% CI: 0.95-0.99, p=0.004], BM/µl [HR:0.90, 95% CI: 0.85-0.95, p=0.023] and CD16+NK cells/µl [HR:0.93, 95% CI: 0.88-0.98, p=0.034] may have the protective effect. As for indicators' discriminative ability, the AUC for CD56highNK cells/µl attained the highest of 0.912. In stratification analysis, the survival probability for AIS subjects with a higher level of Tregs/µl, BM/µl, CD16+NK cells/µl, or lower levels of CD56highNK cells/µl, CTL (%), non-classical monocytes/µl, Monocytes/µl were more likely to survive after AIS. The multivariate Cox model showed an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.805, 0.781 and 0.819 and 0.961, 0.924 and 0.982 in the training and testing cohort, respectively. Conclusion: Our study identified 7 immunophenotypic indicators in peripheral blood may have great clinical significance in monitoring the prognosis of AIS and provide a convenient and valuable predictive model for AIS.


Assuntos
Citometria de Fluxo , Imunofenotipagem , AVC Isquêmico , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , AVC Isquêmico/sangue , AVC Isquêmico/mortalidade , AVC Isquêmico/diagnóstico , AVC Isquêmico/imunologia , Citometria de Fluxo/métodos , Prognóstico , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Biomarcadores/sangue , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
7.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1405142, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38904052

RESUMO

Objectives: Thyroid cancer rarely occurs in children and adolescents. Molecular markers such as BRAF, RAS, and RET/PTC have been widely used in adult PTC. It is currently unclear whether these molecular markers have equivalent potential for application in pediatric patients. This study aims to explore the potential utility of a multi-gene conjoint analysis based on next-generation targeted sequencing for pediatric papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Materials and methods: The patients diagnosed with PTC (aged 18 years or younger) in the pediatrics department of Lishui District Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine were retrospectively screened. A targeted enrichment and sequencing analysis of 116 genes associated with thyroid cancer was performed on paraffin-embedded tumor tissues and paired paracancerous tissue of fifteen children (average age 14.60) and nine adults (average age 49.33) PTC patients. Demographic information, clinical indicators, ultrasonic imaging information and pathological data were collected. The Kendall correlation test was used to establish a correlation between molecular variations and clinical characteristics in pediatric patients. Results: A sample of 15 pediatric PTCs revealed a detection rate of 73.33% (11/15) for driver gene mutations BRAF V600E and RET fusion. Compared to adult PTCs, the genetic mutation landscape of pediatric PTCs was more complex. Six mutant genes overlap between the two groups, and an additional seventeen unique mutant genes were identified only in pediatric PTCs. There was only one unique mutant gene in adult PTCs. The tumor diameter of pediatric PTCs tended to be less than 4cm (p<0.001), and the number of lymph node metastases was more than five (p<0.001). Mutations in specific genes unique to pediatric PTCs may contribute to the onset and progression of the disease by adversely affecting hormone synthesis, secretion, and action mechanisms, as well as the functioning of thyroid hormone signaling pathways. But, additional experiments are required to validate this hypothesis. Conclusion: BRAF V600E mutation and RET fusion are involved in the occurrence and development of adolescent PTC. For pediatric thyroid nodules that cannot be determined as benign or malignant by fine needle aspiration biopsy, multiple gene combination testing can provide a reference for personalized diagnosis and treatment by clinical physicians.


Assuntos
Mutação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/genética , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/diagnóstico , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/patologia , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/terapia , Masculino , Criança , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-ret/genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Análise Mutacional de DNA/métodos
8.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 673: 860-873, 2024 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38908285

RESUMO

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the air pose great health risks to humans and the environment. Adsorptive separation technology has proven effective in mitigating VOC pollution, with the adsorbent being the critical component. Therefore, the development of highly efficient adsorbent materials is crucial. Carbon nanofibers, known for their physical-chemical stability and rapid adsorption kinetics, are promising candidates for removing VOCs from the air. However, the relatively simple porous structures and inert surface chemical properties of traditional carbon nanofibers present challenges in further enhancing their application performance further. Herein, a hierarchical porous carbon nanofibrous membrane was prepared using electrospinning technology and a one-step carbonization & activation method. Phenolic resin and polyacrylonitrile were used as co-precursors, with silica nanoparticles serving as the dopant. The resulting membrane exhibited a specific surface area of up to 1560.83 m2/g and surfaces rich in functional O-/N- groups. With a synergistic effect of developed micro- and meso-pores and active chemical surfaces, the carbon nanofibrous membrane demonstrated excellent adsorption separation performance for various VOCs, with comparable adsorption capacities and fast kinetics. Moreover, the membrane displayed remarkable reusability and dynamic adsorption performance for different VOCs, indicating its potential for practical applications.

9.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 108(1): 384, 2024 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38896287

RESUMO

Bacteriocins have the potential to effectively improve food-borne infections or gastrointestinal diseases and hold promise as viable alternatives to antibiotics. This study aimed to explore the antibacterial activity of three bacteriocins (nisin, enterocin Gr17, and plantaricin RX-8) and their ability to attenuate intestinal barrier dysfunction and inflammatory responses induced by Listeria monocytogenes, respectively. Bacteriocins have shown excellent antibacterial activity against L. monocytogenes without causing any cytotoxicity. Bacteriocins inhibited the adhesion and invasion of L. monocytogenes on Caco-2 cells, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), trans-epithelial electrical resistance (TEER), and cell migration showed that bacteriocin improved the permeability of Caco-2 cells. These results were attributed to the promotion of tight junction proteins (TJP) assembly, specifically zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1), occludin, and claudin-1. Furthermore, bacteriocins could alleviate inflammation by inhibiting the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) pathways and reducing the secretion of interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-1 ß (IL-1ß) and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α). Among three bacteriocins, plantaricin RX-8 showed the best antibacterial activity against L. monocytogenes and the most pronounced protective effect on the intestinal barrier due to its unique structure. Based on our findings, we hypothesized that bacteriocins may inhibit the adhesion and invasion of L. monocytogenes by competing adhesion sites. Moreover, they may further enhance intestinal barrier function by inhibiting the expression of L. monocytogenes virulence factors, increasing the expression of TJP and decreasing the secretion of inflammatory factors. Therefore, bacteriocins will hopefully be an effective alternative to antibiotics, and this study provides valuable insights into food safety concerns. KEY POINTS: • Bacteriocins show excellent antibacterial activity against L. monocytogenes • Bacteriocins improve intestinal barrier damage and inflammatory response • Plantaricin RX-8 has the best protective effect on Caco-2 cells damage.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Bacteriocinas , Listeria monocytogenes , Listeria monocytogenes/efeitos dos fármacos , Bacteriocinas/farmacologia , Humanos , Células CACO-2 , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Inflamação , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Aderência Bacteriana/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Junções Íntimas/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Listeriose/microbiologia , Listeriose/tratamento farmacológico , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos
10.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 222: 130-148, 2024 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38866192

RESUMO

The clinical application of the therapeutic approach in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) remains an insurmountable challenge for the high propensity for progressing to acute myeloid leukemia and predominantly affecting elderly individuals. Thus, the discovery of molecular mechanisms underlying the regulatory network of different programmed cell death holds great promise for the identification of therapeutic targets and provides insights into new therapeutic avenues. Herein, we found that disulfiram/copper (DSF/Cu) significantly repressed the cell viability, increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation, destroyed mitochondrial morphology, and altered oxygen consumption rate. Further studies verified that DSF/Cu induces cuproptosis, as evidenced by the depletion of glutathione (GSH), aggregation of lipoylated DLAT, and induced loss of Fe-S cluster-containing proteins, which could be rescued by tetrathiomolybdate and knockdown of ferredoxin 1 (FDX1). Additionally, GSH contributed to the tolerance of DSF/Cu-mediated cuproptosis, while pharmacological chelation of GSH triggered ROS accumulation and sensitized cell death. The xCT-GSH-GPX4 axis is the ideal downstream component of ferroptosis that exerts a powerful protective mechanism. Notably, classical xCT inhibitors were capable of leading to the catastrophic accumulation of ROS and exerting synergistic cell death, while xCT overexpression restored these phenomena. Simvastatin, an inhibitor of HMG-CoA (3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A) reductase, has beneficial effects in repurposing for inhibiting GPX4. Similarly, the combination treatment of DSF/Cu and simvastatin dramatically decreased the expression of GPX4 and Fe-S proteins, ultimately accelerating cell death. Moreover, we identified that the combination treatment of DSF/Cu and simvastatin also had a synergistic antitumor effect in the MDS mouse model, with the reduced GPX4, increased COX-2 and accumulated lipid peroxides. Overall, our study provided insight into developing a novel synergistic strategy to sensitize MDS therapy by targeting ferroptosis and cuproptosis.

11.
Front Microbiol ; 15: 1382653, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38873154

RESUMO

The Nanhai No. 1 shipwreck is an ancient wooden ship in the Southern Song Dynasty. Currently, serious challenges of microbial diseases exist on the hull wood. This study aimed to obtain microbial samples from the ship hull in December 2021 and analyze the microbial diseases through scanning electron microscopy and high-throughput sequencing to preserve the Nanhai No. 1 shipwreck. The biodegradation mechanism of diseased microorganisms was explored through whole genome sequencing and the detection of enzyme activity and gene expression levels of diseased microorganisms under different conditions. The results showed that there was obvious fungal colonization on the surface of the hull wood and Fusarium solani NK-NH1 was the dominant disease fungus on the surface. NK-NH1 has strong cellulose and lignin degradation ability. Its whole genome size is 52,389,955 bp, and it contains 17,402 genes. It has a variety of key enzyme genes involved in cellulose and lignin degradation. The NK-NH1 dominant degrading enzyme lignin peroxidase has the highest enzyme activity at pH = 4, NaCl concentration of 30%, and FeSO4 concentration of 50 mg/L, while laccase has the highest enzyme activity at pH = 4, NaCl concentration of 10%, and FeSO4 concentration of 100 mg/L. The above research results prove that NK-NH1 is a key fungus to the biodegradation of ship hull wood when it is exposed to air, low pH, high salt, and rich in sulfur iron compounds. This study provides a theoretical basis for the preservation of the Nanhai No. 1 shipwreck.

12.
Int J Geriatr Psychiatry ; 39(6): e6110, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38831201

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the association between drinking water sources and cognitive functioning among older adults residing in rural China. METHODS: Data were extracted from the 2008-2018 Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey. Drinking water sources were categorized according to whether purification measures were employed. The Chinese version of the Mini-Mental State Examination was used for cognitive functioning assessment, and the score of <24 was considered as having cognitive dysfunction. Cox regression analyses were conducted to derive hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the effects of various drinking water sources, changes in such sources, and its interaction with exercise on cognition dysfunction. RESULTS: We included 2304 respondents aged 79.67 ± 10.02 years; of them, 1084 (44.49%) were men. Our adjusted model revealed that respondents consistently drinking tap water were 21% less likely to experience cognitive dysfunction compared with those drinking untreated water (HR = 0.79, 95% CI: 0.70-0.90). Respondents transitioning from natural to tap water showed were 33% less likely to experience cognitive dysfunction (HR = 0.67, 95% CI: 0.58-0.78). Moreover, the HR (95% CI) for the interaction between drinking tap water and exercising was 0.86 (0.75-1.00) when compared with that between drinking untreated water and not exercising. All results adjusted for age, occupation, exercise, and body mass index. CONCLUSIONS: Prolonged tap water consumption and switching from untreated water to tap water were associated with a decreased risk of cognitive dysfunction in older individuals. Additionally, exercising and drinking tap water was synergistically associated with the low incidence of cognitive dysfunction. These findings demonstrate the importance of prioritizing drinking water health in rural areas, indicating that purified tap water can enhance cognitive function among older adults.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Água Potável , População Rural , Humanos , Masculino , Idoso , Feminino , China/epidemiologia , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Exercício Físico , Cognição/fisiologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Abastecimento de Água
13.
J Transl Med ; 22(1): 550, 2024 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38851730

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a serious public health issue. In COVID-19 patients, the elevated levels of inflammatory cytokines lead to the manifestation of COVID-19 symptoms, such as lung tissue edema, lung diffusion dysfunction, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), secondary infection, and ultimately mortality. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) exhibit anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties, thus providing a potential treatment option for COVID-19. The number of clinical trials of MSCs for COVID-19 has been rising. However, the treatment protocols and therapeutic effects of MSCs for COVID-19 patients are inconsistent. This meta-analysis was performed to systematically determine the safety and efficacy of MSC infusion in COVID-19 patients. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive literature search from PubMed/Medline, Web of Science, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library up to 22 November 2023 to screen for eligible randomized controlled trials. Inclusion and exclusion criteria for searched literature were formulated according to the PICOS principle, followed by the use of literature quality assessment tools to assess the risk of bias. Finally, outcome measurements including therapeutic efficacy, clinical symptoms, and adverse events of each study were extracted for statistical analysis. RESULTS: A total of 14 randomized controlled trials were collected. The results of enrolled studies demonstrated that patients with COVID-19 pneumonia who received MSC inoculation showed a decreased mortality compared with counterparts who received conventional treatment (RR: 0.76; 95% CI [0.60, 0.96]; p = 0.02). Reciprocally, MSC inoculation improved the clinical symptoms in patients (RR: 1.28; 95% CI [1.06, 1.55]; p = 0.009). In terms of immune biomarkers, MSC treatment inhibited inflammation responses in COVID-19 patients, as was indicated by the decreased levels of CRP and IL-6. Importantly, our results showed that no significant differences in the incidence of adverse reactions or serious adverse events were monitored in patients after MSC inoculation. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis demonstrated that MSC inoculation is effective and safe in the treatment of patients with COVID-19 pneumonia. Without increasing the incidence of adverse events or serious adverse events, MSC treatment decreased patient mortality and inflammatory levels and improved the clinical symptoms in COVID-19 patients. However, large-cohort randomized controlled trials with expanded numbers of patients are required to further confirm our results.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , SARS-CoV-2 , Humanos , COVID-19/terapia , COVID-19/imunologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais
14.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1327903, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38846495

RESUMO

Objectives: To research the connection between the indexes of the indexes of triglyceride-glucose (TyG) combined with obesity indices and the initial neurological severity and short-term outcome of new-onset acute ischemic stroke. Methods: Data of patients with acute ischemic stroke admitted to the Stroke Ward of the Affiliated Hospital of Beihua University from November 2021 to October 2023, were collected. The two indexes were calculated by combining TyG and obesity indices: TyG-body mass index (TyG-BMI) and TyG-waist circumference (TyG-WC). The National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) was used to assess and group patients with neurological deficits within 24 hours of admission: mild stroke (NIHSS ≤5) and moderate-severe stroke (NIHSS >5). Short-term prognosis was evaluated using the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) at discharge or 14 days after onset of the disease and grouped: good outcome (mRS ≤2) and poor outcome (mRS >2). According to the quartiles of TyG-BMI and TyG-WC, the patients were placed into four groups: Q1, Q2, Q3 and Q4. Multi-factor logistic regression analysis was utilized to evaluate the correlation of TyG-BMI and TyG-WC with the severity and short-term outcome. Results: The study included 456 patients. After adjusting for multiple variables, the results showed that compared with the quartile 1, patients in quartile 4 of TyG-BMI had a reduced risk of moderate-severe stroke [Q4: OR: 0.407, 95%CI (0.185-0.894), P = 0.025]; Patients in quartiles 2, 3 and 4 of TyG-BMI had sequentially lower risk of short-term adverse outcomes [Q2: OR: 0.394, 95%CI (0.215-0.722), P = 0.003; Q3: OR: 0.324, 95%CI (0.163-0.642), P = 0.001; Q4: OR: 0.158, 95%CI (0.027-0.349), P <0.001]; Patients in quartiles 3 and 4 of TyG-WC had sequentially lower risk of moderate-severe stroke [Q3: OR: 0.355, 95%CI (0.173-0.728), P = 0.005; Q4: OR: 0.140, 95%CI (0.056-0.351), P <0.001]; Patients in quartiles 3 and 4 of TyG-WC had sequentially lower risk of short-term adverse outcomes [Q3: OR: 0.350, 95%CI (0.175-0.700), P = 0.003; Q4: OR: 0.178, 95%CI (0.071-0.451), P <0.001]. Conclusions: TyG-WC and TyG-BMI were correlated with the severity and short-term outcome of new-onset acute ischemic stroke. As TyG-WC and TyG-BMI increased, stroke severity decreased and short-term outcome was better.


Assuntos
Glicemia , Índice de Massa Corporal , AVC Isquêmico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Triglicerídeos , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , AVC Isquêmico/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Prognóstico , Glicemia/análise , Glicemia/metabolismo , Circunferência da Cintura , Obesidade/sangue , Obesidade/complicações
15.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2402673, 2024 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38923273

RESUMO

Facile evaluation of formation kinetics of key intermediate is crucial for a comprehensive understanding of electrochemical ammonia oxidation reaction (AOR) mechanisms and the design of efficient electrocatalysts. Currently, elucidating the formation kinetics of key intermediate associated with rate-determining step is still challenging. Herein, 4-phtalamide-N-(4'-methylcoumarin) naphthalimide (CF) is developed as a molecular probe to detect N2H4 intermediate during AOR via electrochemiluminescence (ECL) and further investigated the formation kinetics of N2H4 on Pt catalysts with different crystal planes. CF probe can selectively react with N2H4 to release ECL substance luminol. Thus, N2H4 intermediate as a key intermediate can be sensitively and selectively detected by ECL during AOR. For the first time, Pt(100) facet is discovered to exhibit faster N2H4 formation kinetics than Pt(111) facet, which is further confirmed by Density functional theory calculation and the finite element simulation. The AOR mechanism under the framework of Gerischer and Mauerer is further validated by examining N2H4 formation kinetics during the dimerization process (NH2 coupling). The developed ECL active probe and the discovered facet-dependent formation kinetics of key intermediates provide a promising new tool and strategy for the understanding of electrochemical AOR mechanisms and the design of efficient electrocatalysts.

16.
Cancer Gene Ther ; 2024 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38926596

RESUMO

Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common and aggressive primary brain cancer; angiogenesis and immunosuppression exacerbate GBM progression. COUP-TFII demonstrates pro-angiogenesis activity; however, its role in glioma progression remains unclear. This study revealed that COUP-TFII promotes angiogenesis in gliomas by inducing transdifferentiation of glioma cells into endothelial-like cells. Mechanistic investigation suggested that COUP-TFII as a transcription factor exerts its function via binding to the promoter of TXNIP. Interestingly, COUP-TFII knockdown attenuated tumorigenesis and tumor progression in an immunocompetent mouse model but promoted tumor progression in an immuno-deficient mouse model. As an explanation, repression of COUP-TFII induces cellular senescence and activates immune surveillance in glioma cells in vitro and in vivo. In addition, we used heparin-polyethyleneimine (HPEI) nanoparticles to deliver COUP-TFII shRNA, which regulated tumor angiogenesis and immunosuppression in an in situ GBM mouse model. This study provides a novel strategy and potential therapeutic targets to treat GBM.

17.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2403867, 2024 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38773950

RESUMO

Artificial micro/nanomotors using active particles hold vast potential in applications such as drug delivery and microfabrication. However, upgrading them to micro/nanorobots capable of performing precise tasks with sophisticated functions remains challenging. Bubble microthruster (BMT) is introduced, a variation of the bubble-driven microrobot, which focuses the energy from a collapsing microbubble to create an inertial impact on nearby target microparticles. Utilizing ultra-high-speed imaging, the microparticle mass and density is determined with sub-nanogram resolution based on the relaxation time characterizing the microparticle's transient response. Master curves of the BMT method are shown to be dependent on the viscosity of the solution. The BMT, controlled by a gamepad with magnetic-field guidance, precisely manipulates target microparticles, including bioparticles. Validation involves measuring the polystyrene microparticle mass and hollow glass microsphere density, and assessing the mouse embryo mass densities. The BMT technique presents a promising chip-free, real-time, highly maneuverable strategy that integrates bubble microrobot-based manipulation with precise bioparticle mass and density detection, which can facilitate microscale bioparticle characterizations such as embryo growth monitoring.

18.
J Affect Disord ; 358: 270-282, 2024 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723681

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Ganoderic Acid A (GAA), a primary bioactive component in Ganoderma, has demonstrated ameliorative effects on depressive-like behaviors in a Chronic Social Defeat Stress (CSDS) mouse model. This study aims to elucidate the underlying molecular mechanisms through proteomic analysis. METHODS: C57BL/6 J mice were allocated into control (CON), chronic social defeat stress (CSDS), GAA, and imipramine (IMI) groups. Post-depression induction via CSDS, the GAA and IMI groups received respective treatments of GAA (2.5 mg/kg) and imipramine (10 mg/kg) for five days. Behavioral assessments utilized standardized tests. Proteins from the prefrontal cortex were analyzed using LC-MS, with further examination via bioinformatics and PRM for differential expression. Western blot analysis confirmed protein expression levels. RESULTS: Chronic social defeat stress (CSDS) induced depressive-like behaviors in mice, which were significantly alleviated by GAA treatment, comparably to imipramine (IMI). Proteomic analysis identified distinct proteins in control (305), GAA-treated (949), and IMI-treated (289) groups. Enrichment in mitochondrial and synaptic proteins was evident from GO and PPI analyses. PRM analysis revealed significant expression changes in proteins crucial for mitochondrial and synaptic functions (namely, Naa30, Bnip1, Tubgcp4, Atxn3, Carmil1, Nup37, Apoh, Mrpl42, Tprkb, Acbd5, Dcx, Erbb4, Ppp1r2, Fam3c, Rnf112, and Cep41). Western blot validation in the prefrontal cortex showed increased levels of Mrpl42, Dcx, Fam3c, Ppp1r2, Rnf112, and Naa30 following GAA treatment. CONCLUSION: GAA exhibits potential antidepressant properties, with its action potentially tied to the modulation of synaptic functions and mitochondrial activities.


Assuntos
Comportamento Animal , Depressão , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Lanosterol , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Córtex Pré-Frontal , Proteômica , Derrota Social , Estresse Psicológico , Animais , Camundongos , Estresse Psicológico/tratamento farmacológico , Estresse Psicológico/metabolismo , Depressão/tratamento farmacológico , Depressão/metabolismo , Masculino , Córtex Pré-Frontal/metabolismo , Córtex Pré-Frontal/efeitos dos fármacos , Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Lanosterol/análogos & derivados , Lanosterol/farmacologia , Antidepressivos/farmacologia , Antidepressivos/uso terapêutico , Imipramina/farmacologia , Proteína Duplacortina , Ácidos Heptanoicos
19.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2402892, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38757555

RESUMO

Rechargeable Li-CO2 batteries are considered as a promising carbon-neutral energy storage technology owing to their ultra-high energy density and efficient CO2 capture capability. However, the sluggish CO2 reduction/evolution kinetics impedes their practical application, which leads to huge overpotentials and poor cyclability. Multi-element transit metal oxides (TMOs) are demonstrated as effective cathodic catalysts for Li-CO2 batteries. But there are no reports on the integration of defect engineering on multi-element TMOs. Herein, the oxygen vacancy-bearing Li-Ni-Co-Mn multi-oxide (Re-NCM-H3) catalyst with the α-NaFeO2-type structure is first fabricated by annealing the NiCoMn precursor that derived from spent ternary LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 cathode, in H2 at 300 °C. As demonstrated by experimental results and theory calculations, the introduction of moderate oxygen vacancy has optimized electronic state near the Fermi level (Ef), eventually improving CO2 adsorption and charge transfer. Therefore, the Li-CO2 batteries with Re-NCM-H3 catalyst deliver a high capacity (11808.9 mAh g-1), a lower overpotential (1.54 V), as well as excellent stability over 216 cycles at 100 mA g-1 and 165 cycles at 400 mA g-1. This study not only opens up a sustainable application of spent ternary cathode, but also validates the potential of multi-element TMO catalysts with oxygen defects for high-efficiency Li-CO2 batteries.

20.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 175: 116727, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733771

RESUMO

Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) encompass a collection of clonal hematopoietic malignancies distinguished by the depletion of peripheral blood cells. The treatment of MDS is hindered by the advanced age of patients, with a restricted repertoire of drugs currently accessible for therapeutic intervention. In this study, we found that ES-Cu strongly inhibited the viability of MDS cell lines and activated cuproptosis in a copper-dependent manner. Importantly, ferroptosis inducer IKE synergistically enhanced ES-Cu-mediated cytotoxicity both in vitro and in vivo. Of note, the combination of IKE and ES-Cu intensively impaired mitochondrial homeostasis with increased mitochondrial ROS, MMP hyperpolarized, down-regulated iron-sulfur proteins and declined oxygen consumption rate. Additionally, ES-Cu/IKE treatment could enhance the lipoylation-dependent oligomerization of the DLAT. To elucidate the specific order of events in the synergistic cell death, inhibitors of ferroptosis and cuproptosis were utilized to further characterize the basis of cell death. Cell viability assays showed that the glutathione and its precursor N-acetylcysteine could significantly rescue the cell death under either mono or combination treatment, demonstrating that GSH acts at the crossing point in the regulation network of cuproptosis and ferroptosis. Significantly, the reconstitution of xCT expression and knockdown of FDX1 cells have been found to contribute to the tolerance of mono treatment but have little recovery impact on the combined treatment. Collectively, these findings suggest that a synergistic interaction leading to the induction of multiple programmed cell death pathways could be a promising approach to enhance the effectiveness of therapy for MDS.


Assuntos
Cobre , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Ferroptose , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas , Ferroptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/tratamento farmacológico , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/patologia , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/metabolismo , Humanos , Animais , Cobre/química , Cobre/metabolismo , Piperazinas/farmacologia , Camundongos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Glutationa/metabolismo
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