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Front Plant Sci ; 12: 630644, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33732275


Arabidopsis cyclophilin38 (CYP38) is a thylakoid lumen protein critial for PSII assembly and maintenance, and its C-terminal region serves as the target binding domain. We hypothesized that four conserved residues (R290, F294, Q372, and F374) in the C-terminal domain are critical for the structure and function of CYP38. In yeast two-hybrid and protein pull-down assays, CYP38s with single-sited mutations (R290A, F294A, Q372A, or F374A) did not interact with the CP47 E-loop as the wild-type CYP38. In contrast, CYP38 with the R290A/F294A/Q372A/F374A quadruple mutation could bind the CP47 E-loop. Gene transformation analysis showed that the quadruple mutation prevented CYP38 to efficiently complement the mutant phenotype of cyp38. The C-terminal domain half protein with the quadruple mutation, like the wild-type one, could interact with the N-terminal domain or the CP47 E-loop in vitro. The cyp38 plants expressing CYP38 with the quadruple mutation showed a similar BN-PAGE profile as cyp38, but distinct from the wild type. The CYP38 protein with the quadruple mutation associated with the thylakoid membrane less efficiently than the wild-type CYP38. We concluded that these four conserved residues are indispensable as changes of all these residues together resulted in a subtle conformational change of CYP38 and reduced its intramolecular N-C interaction and the ability to associate with the thylakoid membrane, thus impairing its function in chloroplast.

J Org Chem ; 85(12): 7939-7951, 2020 06 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32441101


An iodoxybenzoic acid-mediated selected oxidative cyclization of N-hydroxyalkyl enamines was developed. Through this strategy, a variety of 2,3-disubstituted pyrroles and pyridines were produced in good selectivity involving oxidation of alcohol, followed by condensation of aldehyde and α-C of enamines. Furthermore, this metal-free method has several advantages, including the use of environmentally friendly reagents, broad substrate scope, mild reaction conditions, and high efficiency.

BMC Oral Health ; 19(1): 84, 2019 05 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31088450


BACKGROUND: Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONPs) have been widely studied as bactericidal reagents. However, it is still challenging to use ZnONPs as a root canal sealant to eliminate infecting microorganisms in the root canal system. This study aimed at understanding the antibacterial and biofilm effects of ZnONPs in the infected root canal and their effect on cell function. METHODS: This study aimed to develop a better understanding of the antibacterial effects of ZnONPs in the infected root canal and their effect on cell function. Experiments were performed in two stages; the first stage included inhibition zone tests and the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) test, which were performed to examine the antibacterial activity of ZnONPs against Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) and Actinomyces Naeslundii (A. naeslundii) bacteria in vitro. ZnONPs were further evaluated for their biocompatibility using normal mouse NIH3T3 and OCCM-30 cells by the cell-based MTT assay. In addition, the influence of ZnONPs on matrix metalloproteinases in NIH3T3 cells and their inhibiting factors (Mmp13 and Timp1) were measured using the real-time PCR technique and western blot method. RESULTS: The MIC of ZnONPs against P. gingivalis and A. naeslundii were confirmed to be 10 µg/mL and 40 µg/mL, respectively. The MTT assay showed that ZnONPs were nontoxic. The RT-PCR and western blotting results showed that Mmp13 was downregulated and Timp1 expression was increased. Meanwhile, ZnONPs were shown to increase the expression of the OCCM-30 osteogenesis-related factors Bsp and Runx2. Finally, there was no significant change in the morphology of NIH3T3 and OCCM-30 cells after the addition of different concentrations of ZnONPs for different periods of time. CONCLUSION: ZnONPs have excellent antibacterial activity against P. gingivalis and A. naeslundii and have low cell cytotoxicity in vitro.

Actinomyces/efeitos dos fármacos , Cemento Dentário , Nanopartículas , Porphyromonas gingivalis/efeitos dos fármacos , Óxido de Zinco , Animais , Antibacterianos , Camundongos , Células NIH 3T3