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1.
Food Chem ; 367: 130724, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34352691

RESUMO

For the first time, electromembrane extraction (EME) combined LC-MS/MS was applied to extract and determine α-solanine and α-chaconine in different potato tissues using NPOE containing 20% (v/v) DEHP as supported liquid membrane (SLM). Under the optimal conditions, the proposed EME-LC-MS/MS method was evaluated using spiked fresh potato peel sample. The linear range for α-solanine and α-chaconine was 5-1000 ng mL-1 (R2 > 0.9991), with LOD and LOQ of 1.2-1.5 ng mL-1 and 4.1-5.2 ng mL-1, respectively. Repeatability for α-solanine and α-chaconine at three concentration levels was satisfactory (<4.9%), and recoveries ranged from 73% to 106%. Finally, the EME-LC-MS/MS method has been successfully employed to determine α-solanine and α-chaconine in sprouted potato peel and tuber samples, indicating that EME exhibited high selectivity and efficient sample clean-up capability. Consequently, EME showed great potential for extraction and purification of toxic and bioactive basic compounds from complex plant tissues.


Assuntos
Solanina , Solanum tuberosum , Cromatografia Líquida , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
2.
Microb Pathog ; : 105170, 2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492305

RESUMO

Bluetongue is a viral disease transmitted by the bite of bloodsucking insects, which mainly occurs in sheep, goats, and cattle. Bluetongue is characterized by fever, leukopenia, and severe catarrhal inflammation of the oral and gastrointestinal mucosa. The present study aimed to evaluate and analyze the prevalence of bluetongue and its associated risk factors in sheep and goats in China. We collected 59 publications from 1988 to 2019 through searches at ScienceDirect, PubMed, the Chongqing VIP Chinese journal database, Wanfang database, and Chinese Web of knowledge. In these studies, a total of 123,982 sheep and goats across 7 regions of China were investigated, and the pooled prevalence of bluetongue in sheep and goats was 18.6%, as assessed using serological methods. The prevalence of bluetongue in Southern China was 30.3%, which was significantly higher than that in Northeastern China (4.7%). The prevalence of bluetongue between sheep (12.9%) and goats (28.1%) was significantly different (P < 0.05). Detection methods subgroup analysis showed that the prevalence of bluetongue was significantly higher (P < 0.05) in the others group (43.8%) than in the agar immunodiffusion (15.9%) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay groups (20.5%). In addition, different geographical factors (latitude range, longitude range, altitude range, average precipitation, and average temperature) could affect the prevalence. Our results suggested that bluetongue is widespread in sheep and goats, and sheep and goats in contact with insect media, such as Culicoides, or in a warm and humid environment, could have an increased prevalence of bluetongue disease. Animal disease prevention and control departments should focus on continuous monitoring of the bluetongue epidemic in sheep and goats to prevent and control outbreaks.

3.
Bioresour Technol ; 340: 125712, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34426242

RESUMO

Stable nitritation is the major challenge for short-cut nitrogen removal from municipal wastewater. This paper demonstrated a rapid achievement of partial nitrification (PN) in an enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) reactor treating domestic wastewater. Polyphosphate accumulating organisms (PAOs) were enriched operated at a short aerobic HRT (2.0 h) and SRT (10 d), with satisfactory phosphorus removal efficiency (95.9%). Both of ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and nitrite oxidizing bacteria (NOB) were elutriated simultaneously. Interestingly, AOB recovered much faster than NOB by a subsequent extension of aerobic HRT and SRT, resulting in a rapid development of PN within 15 days. Ammonia oxidation rates of AOB significantly increased by 44.2%, facilitating a high nitrite accumulation rate (NAR) of 95.8%. Genus Tetrasphaera, Halomonas, Paracoccus and Candidatus_Accumulibacter belonging to PAOs accounted for 4.6%. The proliferation of heterotrophs, typically as PAOs, maximized the microbial competition against NOB by favoring AOB activity and synergy with functional bacteria.


Assuntos
Nitrificação , Fósforo , Reatores Biológicos , Proliferação de Células , Interações Microbianas , Esgotos , Águas Residuárias
4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(14): 3678-3686, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402292

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the antidepressant effects of total alkaloids of Fibraurea recisa in HT22 cells damaged by corticosterone (CORT) in vitro and in a mouse model of chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) as well as the underlying mechanisms.In cellular experiments,the viability of CORT-damaged HT22 cells was detected using cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8),and the cell apoptosis was detected by Hoechst 33258 staining.In animal experiments,C57BL/6N mice were randomly divided into the control group,model group,low (100 mg·kg~(-1)),medium (200 mg·kg~(-1)) and high (400 mg·kg~(-1))-dose of total alkaloids of F.recisa groups,and positive control group.After 21 days of CUMS exposure,their depressive behaviors were observed in behavioral and Morris water maze tests.The serum levels of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT),dopamine (DA),and norepinephrine (NE) were assessed by ELISA.The expression levels of apoptosis-related proteins Bcl-2,Bax and cleaved caspase-3 in HT22 cells and mouse hippocampus were detected by Western blot.The results suggested that total alkaloids of F.recisa alleviated the damage of HT22 cells induced by CORT in a dose-dependent manner.The Hoechst 33258 staining uncovered that total alkaloids of F.recisa better reduced the blue spots and inhibited cell apoptosis.The results of animal experiments showed that total alkaloids of F.recisa significantly improved the depression-like behaviors of mice and increased the serum levels of 5-HT,DA and NE as compared with those in the model group.The Western blot assays revealed a significant up-regulation of Bcl-2 protein expression,but an obvious reduction in Bax and cleaved caspase-3protein expression in the total alkaloids of F.recisa group.In conclusion,total alkaloids of F.recisa inhibited depression possibly by regulating the apoptosis-related protein expression or elevating the monoamine neurotransmitter levels in the brain.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Depressão , Alcaloides/farmacologia , Animais , Antidepressivos/farmacologia , Depressão/tratamento farmacológico , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hipocampo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Estresse Psicológico
5.
J Diabetes ; 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34427386

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gestational hyperglycemia increases the risk of diabetes in later life. However, the risk of future cardiovascular diseases (CVD) related to gestational hyperglycemia remains inconclusive. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of gestational hyperglycemia on the subsequent risk of CVD and its modifying factors among elderly Chinese women. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study of elderly women from the baseline survey of Risk Evaluation of cAncers in Chinese diabeTic Individuals: a lONgitudinal (REACTION) study. Women with gestational hyperglycemia (n = 82), and controls matched by age and study site (n = 410) were included. Information on CVD, including reported coronary heart disease, stroke, or myocardial infarction, was collected through an interviewer-assisted questionnaire. RESULTS: Women with gestational hyperglycemia were more likely to develop diabetes (odds ratio [OR], 2.51; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.50-4.18) and CVD (OR, 1.98; 95% CI, 1.05-3.74). Even without progressing to type 2 diabetes, gestational hyperglycemia was associated with an increased risk of CVD (OR, 2.88; 95% CI, 1.18-7.00). However, subgroup analysis indicated that compared with those without gestational hyperglycemia or hypertension, women with both gestational hyperglycemia and hypertension had higher risk of CVD (OR, 3.98; 95% CI, 1.65-9.58), whereas the risk estimate did not significantly change in women with gestational hyperglycemia alone (OR, 2.15; 95% CI, 0.71-6.57). Stratified analysis indicated that among those with overweight/obesity, inactive physical activity, or unhealthy dietary habits, gestational hyperglycemia increased the risk of CVD. CONCLUSIONS: In elderly Chinese women, gestational hyperglycemia was associated with an increased risk of CVD in later life. This association was independent of the progression to diabetes and might be modified by lifestyle factors and hypertension.

6.
Sci Total Environ ; 799: 149387, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365268

RESUMO

Biosafety has become one of the greatest challenges facing humanity. Outbreaks of infectious diseases caused by bacteria and viruses have had a huge impact on public health. In addition, non-severe polluted air quality has gradually become the norm; however, literature on the impacts of bioaerosols under long-term exposure to low concentrations of PM2.5 in China is limited. This study analyzed the evolution of the PM2.5 bacterial community in the Huairou district of Beijing under different pollution conditions. We used high-throughput sequencing to seasonally analyze samples over a year (from July 2018 to May 2019) and winter samples from different years (2015, 2016, 2018, and 2019). The results showed that the bacterial diversity and community composition of PM2.5 were significantly different in different seasons, whereas under different pollution levels, there were no significant differences. During the observation period, the number of bacterial species decreased with the increase in pollution; however, a high proportion of bacteria can exist as core species under different pollution levels for a long time. Furthermore, bacteria can be relatively stable in the local environment during the same season but in different years. Although the relative abundances of different bacteria change differently with the variation in pollution level, there is no statistical difference. Importantly, there was a higher abundance of opportunistic pathogenic bacteria when the air quality index was 0-100 in winter. This study comprehensively revealed the characteristics of the evolution of bacterial communities under different pollution levels and in different years and emphasized the health effects of non-pollution air quality. This study can provide a theoretical basis for establishing a sound environmental microbial monitoring and defense system.

7.
Parasite ; 28: 61, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34374643

RESUMO

Eimeria spp. cause the disease coccidiosis, which results in chronic wasting of livestock and can lead to the death of the animal. The disease, common worldwide, has caused huge economic losses to the cattle industry in particular. This is the first systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence of bovine Eimeria in China. Our search of five databases including PubMed, ScienceDirect, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chongqing VIP, and Wan Fang for articles published up to February 29, 2020 on the prevalence of Eimeria in cattle in mainland China yielded 46 articles, in which the prevalence of cattle ranged from 4.6% to 87.5%. The rate of bovine Eimeria infection has been decreasing year by year, from 57.9% before 2000 to 25.0% after 2015, but it is still high. We also analyzed the region, sampling years, detection methods, feeding model, seasons, and species of bovine Eimeria. We recommend that prevention strategies should focus on strengthening detection of Eimeria in calves in the intensive farming model.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Bovinos , Coccidiose , Eimeria , Animais , Bovinos , Doenças dos Bovinos/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Coccidiose/epidemiologia , Coccidiose/veterinária , Fezes , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
8.
Tohoku J Exp Med ; 254(3): 189-197, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34305100

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) feature prominently in regulating tumor progression. The study aims to investigate the role and mechanism of circ_0046264 in osteosarcoma. In this study, dysregulated circRNAs in osteosarcoma tissues and adjacent tissues were screened out by analyzing circRNA microarray (GSE140256). The expressions of circ_0046264 in 58 osteosarcoma tissues and 4 osteosarcoma cell lines were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Subsequently, the relationship of circ_0046264 expression level and clinical features were analyzed. Ethyldeoxyuridine assay and Transwell assay were employed to detect cell viability, migration and invasion. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was adopted to confirm the targeting relationships between circ_0046264 and microRNA-940 (miR-940), as well as miR-940 and secreted frizzled related protein 1 (SFRP1). SFRP1 expression was determined by western blot. Here, we demonstrated that circ_0046264 was greatly down-regulated in osteosarcoma and was inversely related to tumor size and Ki67 expression. Functional assays validated that circ_0046264 could restrain the proliferation, migration and invasion. Mechanistically, circ_0046264 could adsorb miR-940 and indirectly modulate SFRP1 expression. Furthermore, the transfection of miR-940 mimics or SFRP1 small interfering RNA could reverse the impact of circ_0046264 overexpression on the growth, migration and invasion of osteosarcoma cells. Taken together, circ_0046264 is a tumor suppressor to inhibit the osteosarcoma progression via modulating the miR-940 / SFRP1 axis.

9.
Curr Psychiatry Rep ; 23(8): 50, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34196843

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A substantial increase in research on the structure, covariates, and etiology of hypersexuality has emerged during the last decade. It is the goal of this review to summarize and integrate this research and to indicate some practical implications for clinical and forensic practice, especially as applied to those who have sexually offended. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies from the last half-decade converge on the conclusion that hypersexuality has both problematic and high sexual drive components. Both aspects have consistently been found to be distributed dimensionally and not categorically. Each subdimension covaries differentially with specific types of impulsivity. In addition to sexual abuse, psychological or emotional abuse has emerged to be a potent developmental antecedent of hypersexuality. Current research has focused on the problematic dimension of hypersexuality and has neglected to specify the criteria for high sexual drive. Lacking are large-scale representative and clinical samples that provide determination of optimal cutoffs for treatment and dispositional decisions for both dimensions of hypersexuality. Research on the etiology of both aspects of hypersexuality is in its infancy, and more differentiated assessments of developmental abuse histories are required.


Assuntos
Transtornos Parafílicos , Delitos Sexuais , Comportamento Compulsivo , Humanos , Comportamento Impulsivo , Comportamento Sexual
10.
ChemSusChem ; 2021 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34245489

RESUMO

Intercalation-based anode materials can be considered as the most promising anode candidates for large-scale sodium-ion batteries (SIBs), owing to their long-term cycling stability and environmental friendliness, as well as their natural abundance. Nevertheless, their low energy density, low initial coulombic efficiency, and poor cycling lifespan, as well as sluggish sodium diffusion dynamics are still the main issues for the application of intercalation-based anode materials in SIBs in terms of meeting the benchmark requirements for commercialization. Over the past few years, tremendous efforts have been devoted to improving the performance of SIBs. In this Review, recent progress in the development of intercalation-based anode materials, including TiO2 , Li4 Ti5 O12 , Na2 Ti3 O7 , and NaTi2 (PO4 )3 , is summarized in terms of their sodium storage performance, critical issues, sodiation/desodiation behavior, and effective strategies to enhance their electrochemical performance. Additionally, challenges and perspectives are provided to further understand these intercalation-based anode materials.

12.
Eur J Pain ; 25(9): 2039-2049, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34101933

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have indicated a negative correlation between GRK2 expression and pain development and transmission. Here, we investigated whether G-protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2) was involved in regulating diabetic mechanical hyperalgesia (DMH). METHODS: The adeno-associated viral vectors containing the GRK2 gene (AAV-GRK2) were used to up-regulate GRK2 protein expression. The expression of GRK2 and exchange protein directly activated by cyclic adenosine monophosphate 1 (Epac1) in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) of lumbar 4-6 was detected via immunoblotting and immunohistochemistry, and the transfection of the GRK2 gene was detected by immunofluorescence. RESULTS: Low levels of GRK2 were able to sustain STZ-induced pain in DMH rats. Intrathecal injection of AAV-GRK2 vector up-regulated GRK2 expression, providing pain rain to rats with DMH. With an increase in DMH duration, there was a decrease in paw withdrawal threshold (PWT) value, aggravating the pain, resulting in a decreasing pattern in GRK2 protein expression over time, whereas Epac1 protein expression showed an opposite trend. CONCLUSION: GRK2 expression regulated DMH progression and is expected to play a role in the development of targeted therapy for DMH. GRK2 and Epac1 expressions play a vital role in maintaining pain in DMH rats.

13.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 46: 128174, 2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34098082

RESUMO

Podophyllotoxin (PPT) has been reported to have many pharmacological activities, especially its anti-tumor effects. To improve the cytotoxicity and selective effect of PPT, in this study, we have designed and synthesized 20 ester derivatives by introducing Boc-amino acids or organic acids at the C-4 position of PPT. The cytotoxicity of these compounds was evaluated with PC-3M, HemECs, A549, MCF-7 and HepG2 cells. We observed that the proliferation of PC-3M cells was inhibited by all 20 ester derivatives in the largest degree, comparing to the other cell lines. Comparing to PPT (IC50 = 234.90 ± 20.7 nM), eight derivatives had better performance in inhabiting proliferation of PC-3M cells, six of them belong to Boc-amino acid ester derivatives, and the derivative named V-05 (IC50 = 1.28 ± 0.1 nM) had the strongest inhibitation effect. Changes in cell proliferation and apoptotic signaling pathways were studied by DAPI staining, colony formation assay, migration assay, flow cytometry and western blot analysis. We found that V-05 were able to inhibit PC-3M cells proliferation and migration, and induced apoptosis by downregualting p-PI3K, p-Akt and Bcl-2, and upregulating Cleaved caspase-3 and Bax. Our research provides the first insight for the application of PPT derivatives in PC-3M cells, which may offer information to the effective medicine development for human prostate cancer treatment.

14.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 2021 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34081035

RESUMO

After deployment to Southwest Asia, some soldiers develop persistent respiratory symptoms, including exercise intolerance and exertional dyspnea. We identified 50 soldiers with a history of deployment to Southwest Asia who presented with unexplained dyspnea and underwent an unrevealing clinical evaluation followed by surgical lung biopsy. Lung tissue specimens from 17 age-matched, nonsmoking subjects were used as controls. Quantitative histomorphometry was performed for evaluation of inflammation and pathologic remodeling of small airways, pulmonary vasculature, alveolar tissue and visceral pleura. Compared with control subjects, lung biopsies from affected soldiers revealed a variety of pathologic changes involving their distal lungs, particularly related to bronchovascular bundles. Bronchioles from soldiers had increased thickness of the lamina propria, smooth muscle hypertrophy, and increased collagen content. In adjacent arteries, smooth muscle hypertrophy and adventitial thickening resulted in increased wall-to-lumen ratio in affected soldiers. Infiltration of CD4 and CD8 T lymphocytes was noted within airway walls, along with increased formation of lymphoid follicles. In alveolar parenchyma, collagen and elastin content were increased and capillary density was reduced in interalveolar septa from soldiers compared to control subjects. In addition, pleural involvement with inflammation and/or fibrosis was present in the majority (92%) of soldiers. Clinical follow-up of 29 soldiers (ranging from 1 to 15 y) showed persistence of exertional dyspnea in all individuals and a decline in total lung capacity. Susceptible soldiers develop a postdeployment respiratory syndrome that includes exertional dyspnea and complex pathologic changes affecting small airways, pulmonary vasculature, alveolar tissue, and visceral pleura.

15.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 15(6): e0009502, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34138867

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bovine tuberculosis (bTB), caused by members of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex bacteria, mainly Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis), is a major threat to public health and economic development. There has been no systematic epidemiological assessment concerning bTB in dairy cattle in China. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Literature related to bTB in China was retrieved from China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), PubMed, ScienceDirect, VIP Chinese Journals Database, and Wan Fang Database to build the first meta-analysis for estimating the prevalence and infection moderators of bTB in dairy cattle in China. A total of 100 relevant studies published from 2010 to 2019 were included. We estimated the overall prevalence of bTB was 2.4% (95% CI: 2.1-2.8) during this decade. In the sampling year subgroup, the prevalence was lowest in 2017 or later at 0.8% (95% CI: 0.3-1.5). The lowest prevalence was 0.7% (95% CI: 0.5-1.0) in Northwestern China. The lowest prevalence was 2.1% (95% CI: 1.8-2.5) using SIT test. Heifer cows had the highest prevalence, which was 27.1% (95% CI: 9.7-49.2). The prevalence in scale farming was 3.7% (95% CI: 3.1-4.3), significantly higher than that in free-range farming (1.7%, 95% CI: 1.1-2.4). The prevalence of bTB was highest in summer at 4.0% (95% CI: 1.7-7.0). In addition, the influence of different geographical factors (altitude, longitude, latitude, precipitation, temperature, humidity) on the prevalence was analyzed. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The results showed that bTB was widespread in China but has been gradually reduced through concerted national intervention. It is suggested that different countries should formulate corresponding prevention and control measures according to the epidemic situation in its cattle industry. Enhanced monitoring of warm and humid areas may play an important role in reducing the incidence of bTB. In addition, when large-scale breeding is promoted, attention should be paid to standardizing breeding management and improving animal welfare to reduce the prevalence of bTB in cattle.


Assuntos
Criação de Animais Domésticos/métodos , Tuberculose Bovina/epidemiologia , Animais , Bovinos , China/epidemiologia , Clima , Indústria de Laticínios , Geografia , Mycobacterium bovis/isolamento & purificação , Prevalência , Estações do Ano
16.
Appl Opt ; 60(12): 3393-3402, 2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33983244

RESUMO

The reaction force of a large-aperture piezoelectric fast steering mirror (PFSM) has adverse coupling interference for the stability and pointing accuracy of laser beams, and the dynamic characteristics of the reaction force are coupled with the inner components of the PFSM. In order to compensate for and eliminate the reaction force, it is essential to accurately analyze the dynamic characteristics. In this paper, a simplified piezoelectric-coupling model of PFSM is established. The coupling mathematical equations for investigating the characteristics of the reaction force are deducted based on the piezoelectric constitutive equation and Hamiltonian's principle. Then the coupling characteristics of the reaction force are probed by a finite element (FE) piezoelectric-coupling method. The simulations for three large apertures' (250, 320, and 400 mm) FE models show that the reaction force has a linear positive correlation with the actuating voltage, and coupled with the materials of the central flexure hinge, the relationship between the reaction force and driving frequency is not completely quadratic. Experiments with the 320 mm aperture are completed, and the testing results are consistent with the mathematical model and the FE piezoelectric-coupling simulation. The dynamic characteristics of the reaction force demonstrated in this paper are significance for the accurate estimation of the reaction force, the design of compensation structure, and the optimization of algorithm for beam jitter controlling.

17.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(5): 1709-1716, 2021 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34042365

RESUMO

Litter is an important contribution to forest soil. Litter decomposition plays an important role in nutrient cycling of forest ecosystem. A field litterbag experiment was conducted to examine the dynamics of decomposition rate, nutrient release and enzyme activity during litter decomposition in the pure forests of Larix principis-rupprechtii (L) and mixed forests, including L and Betula platyphylla (B), L and Quercus mongolica (Q), as well as LBQ, in Saihanba area, Hebei Pro-vince, China. The results showed that the decomposition rate of leaf litter in L forest was significantly lower than that in mixed forests during the 720 d decomposition. The LB had the highest decomposition rate of L leaf litter. All treatments had the same change trend of nutrient contents, with the contents of N and P being increased and that of C, K and C/N being decreased. Contrast to pure leaf litter of L, leaf litter in mixed forests could promote the release of C and K, and inhibit litter N and P release. During the litter decomposition, the activities of catalase, urease and acid phosphatase increased, while that of sucrase decreased in all leaf litter of forests. The decomposition rate of leaf litter was positively correlated with the activities of catalase, urease and acid phosphatase, negatively correlated with that of sucrase. Our results showed that leaf litter mixture of L. principis-rupprechtii, B. platyphylla and Q. mongolica could enhance the litter decomposition of L. principis-rupprechtii, and that enzyme activities were closely related to litter decomposition.


Assuntos
Larix , Árvores , China , Ecossistema , Florestas , Nutrientes , Folhas de Planta , Solo
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33988823

RESUMO

Impact of pandemic on the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in non-COVID-19 patients is undetermined. Thus, a nationwide multicenter retrospective survey was conducted to evaluate the disease burden in non-COVID-19 population. This multi-center survey involved 94 hospitals from 24 provinces in the mainland of China, and collected data on non-COVID-19 patients admitted to the radiology departments due to VTE between January 24 and April 16, 2020. Baseline characteristics, VTE risk factors, clinical manifestations and the treatments were compared with those in the same period of 2019. 3,358 patients with VTE from 74 hospitals were included in this study (1,458 in 2020, 1,900 in 2019). Most aged ≥ 50 years (80.6% in the pandemic, 81.2% in 2019). The number of patients aged 30-39 years increased from 3.9% in 2019 period to 5.8% in the pandemic (p = 0.009). Among the VTE risk factors, the rate of decreased activity increased significantly in the pandemic, and was much higher than that in 2019 (30.7% vs 22.6%, p < 0.0001). Under the risk of decreased activity, patients with comorbidities chronic diseases, especially diabetes, showed significantly a higher incidence of VTE (30.4% vs 22.0%, p < 0.0001). In the pandemic period, fewer patients were treated with anticoagulation alone (33.5% vs 36.7%, p = 0.05), and more underwent inferior vena cava filter (IVCF) implantation, compared with those in 2019 (66.5% vs 63.2%, p = 0.046). The pandemic increased the VTE risk of decreased activity among the non-COVID-19 population. Patients with comorbidities, especially diabetes, have a significant higher risk of VTE during the pandemic.

19.
Parasit Vectors ; 14(1): 248, 2021 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33971953

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Swine coccidiosis, a protozoan disease caused by coccidia, can result in diarrhoea and weight loss in piglets and even economic losses in the pig industry. Here, we report the first systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence of coccidia (including Eimeria spp. and Cystoisospora suis) in pigs in China. METHODS: Five databases (PubMed, ScienceDirect, Chinese Web of Knowledge, Wanfang, and Chongqing VIP) were searched and 50 studies (46,926 domestic pigs, 22 provinces) ultimately identified pertaining to the prevalence of coccidia infection from 1980 to 2019. We incorporated the effect size using the random-effects model in the "meta" package in R software and conducted univariate and multivariate meta-regression analyses using a mixed-effects model. RESULTS: The pooled prevalence rate of coccidia in pigs was 21.9%, including the C. suis infection rate of 9.1%. The highest prevalence of coccidia (39.6%) was found in northwest China, and this region also presented the lowest prevalence of C. suis (4.7%). In the subgroup analysis based on sampling year, the highest prevalence of coccidia was detected in 2001 or earlier (32.6%), whereas the lowest rate was found in 2012 or later (14.3%). An opposite trend was observed for C. suis (5.5% in 2000 or earlier vs 14.4% in 2000 or later). The prevalence of coccidia in extensive farming systems (29.5%) was higher than that in intensive farming systems (17.3%). In contrast, the point estimate of C. suis prevalence was lower in the extensive farming systems (5.1%) than in the intensive farming systems (10.0%), but the difference was not significant (P > 0.05). Among the four age categories, the highest total coccidia prevalence (26.2%) was found in finishing pigs, followed by suckling piglets (19.9%), whereas the highest prevalence of C. suis (14.9%) was observed in suckling piglets. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that coccidia infection in Chinese pigs is common, although the prevalence of C. suis in pigs does not receive sufficient attention. We recommend the rational use of anticoccidial drugs to avoid drug resistance and the development of preventive and control measures for C. suis to reduce the incidence of swine coccidiosis.


Assuntos
Coccidiose/epidemiologia , Doenças dos Suínos/epidemiologia , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Coccídios/classificação , Coccídios/genética , Coccídios/isolamento & purificação , Coccídios/fisiologia , Coccidiose/parasitologia , Fezes/parasitologia , Prevalência , Suínos , Doenças dos Suínos/parasitologia
20.
J Oleo Sci ; 70(4): 541-548, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33814514

RESUMO

Two mixed-ligand complexes on the basis of L ligand [L = 3,6-bis(imidazol-1-yl)pyridazine] have been prepared under the solvothermal reaction conditions via the Zn(II) salts reacting with the ligands of L in the existence of two positional isomerous carboxylic acid ligands and their chemical formula respectively are [Zn5(L)(1,2-BDC)4(µ3-OH)2] n (1, 1,2-H2BDC = 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid ) and {[Zn4(L)2(1,3-HBDC) (1,3-BDC)(µ3-OH)4]·ClO4·3H2O} n (2, 1,3-H2BDC = 1,3-benzenedicarboxylic acid). The inhibitory influence of the two compounds against the inflammatory response in periodontium was evaluated by measuring the inflammatory cytokines releasing with ELISA detection kit. The results of ELISA assay indicated that compound 1 showed much stronger inhibitory influences than compound 2 against the inflammatory cytokines releasing. In addition to this, the suppression activity of the compounds against the survival gene of Porphyria gingivalis was detected via the real time Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction, and the results suggested that compound 1 could evidently suppresses the survival gene expression of Porphyria gingivalis, which is much better than the biological activity of compound 2. Above all, compound 1 was more outstanding than compound 2 on chronic periodontitis treatment by inhibiting the Porphyria gingivalis survival.


Assuntos
Fenômenos Fisiológicos Bacterianos/genética , Periodontite Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Periodontite Crônica/microbiologia , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , Complexos de Coordenação/uso terapêutico , RNA Polimerases Dirigidas por DNA/genética , RNA Polimerases Dirigidas por DNA/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Genes Bacterianos/genética , Periodonto/metabolismo , Periodonto/microbiologia , Porfirias/genética , Compostos de Zinco/farmacologia , Compostos de Zinco/uso terapêutico , Animais , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Cristalização , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Cães , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Conformação Molecular , Polímeros , Compostos de Zinco/química
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