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Nanoscale Res Lett ; 14(1): 347, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31754922


AlGaN-based deep ultraviolet (DUV) light-emitting diodes (LEDs) suffer from electron overflow and insufficient hole injection. In this paper, novel DUV LED structures with superlattice electron deceleration layer (SEDL) is proposed to decelerate the electrons injected to the active region and improve radiative recombination. The effects of several chirped SEDLs on the performance of DUV LEDs have been studied experimentally and numerically. The DUV LEDs have been grown by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) and fabricated into 762 × 762 µm2 chips, exhibiting single peak emission at 275 nm. The external quantum efficiency of 3.43% and operating voltage of 6.4 V are measured at a forward current of 40 mA, indicating that the wall-plug efficiency is 2.41% of the DUV LEDs with ascending Al-content chirped SEDL. The mechanism responsible for this improvement is investigated by theoretical simulations. The lifetime of the DUV LED with ascending Al-content chirped SEDL is measured to be over 10,000 h at L50, due to the carrier injection promotion.

Nanotechnology ; 29(19): 195203, 2018 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29469057


In this paper, we report a 2.6-fold deep ultraviolet emission enhancement of integrated photoluminescence (PL) intensity in AlGaN-based multi-quantum wells (MQWs) by introducing the coupling of local surface plasmons from Al nanoparticles (NPs) on a SiO2 dielectric interlayer with excitons and photons in MQWs at room temperature. In comparison to bare AlGaN MQWs, a significant 2.3-fold enhancement of the internal quantum efficiency, from 16% to 37%, as well as a 13% enhancement of photon extraction efficiency have been observed in the MQWs decorated with Al NPs on SiO2 dielectric interlayer. Polarization-dependent PL measurement showed that both the transverse electric and transverse magnetic mode were stronger than the original intensity in bare AlGaN MQWs, indicating a strong LSPs coupling process and vigorous scattering ability of the Al/SiO2 composite structure. These results were confirmed by the activation energy of non-radiative recombination from temperature-dependent PL measurement and the theoretical three dimensional finite difference time domain calculations.