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1.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2021: 9955168, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34602860

RESUMO

Severe community-acquired pneumonia (sCAP) early in life is a leading cause of morbidity, mortality, and irreversible sequelae. Herein, we report the clinical, etiological, and immunological characteristics of 62 children age < 1 year. We measured 27 cytokines in plasma and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) from 62 children age < 1 year who were diagnosed with CAP, and then, we analyzed correlations among disease severity, clinical parameters, and etiology. Of the entire cohort, three cytokines associated with interleukin-17- (IL-17-) producing helper T cells (Th17 cells), IL-1ß, IL-6, and IL-17, were significantly elevated in sCAP patients with high fold changes (FCs); in BAL, these cytokines were intercorrelated and associated with blood neutrophil counts, Hb levels, and mixed bacterial-viral infections. BAL IL-1ß (area under the curve (AUC) 0.820), BAL IL-17 (AUC 0.779), and plasma IL-6 (AUC 0.778) had remarkable predictive power for sCAP. Our findings revealed that increased local Th17 cell immunity played a critical role in the development of sCAP in children age < 1 year. Th17 cell-related cytokines could serve as local and systemic inflammatory indicators of sCAP in this age group.

2.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 1057, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641796

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Some children hospitalized for severe pertussis need intensive care; moreover, some children die because of deterioration alone or in combination with other complications. The purpose of this study was to identify the mortality risk factors among hospitalized children with severe pertussis. METHODS: This study evaluated the medical records of 144 hospitalized children with severe pertussis at the Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Centre between January 2016 and December 2019. RESULTS: The median age of patients was 2 months (IQR 1-4 months), with 90.3% of the patients aged < 6 months and 56.9% of the patients aged < 3 months. A total of 38 patients were admitted to intensive care unit (ICU), 13 patients died, and the mortality of severe pertussis was 34.2%, with patients younger than 6 weeks accounting for 76.9% of the deaths. On the multivariate analysis, the independent risk factors for death were WBC > 70.0 × 109/L (odds ratio [OR], 230.66; 95% confidence interval [CI], 5.16-10,319.09 P = 0.005) and pulmonary hypertension (PH) (OR 323.29; 95% CI 16.01-6529.42; P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Severe pertussis mainly occurred in children aged < 3 months. The mortality of severe pertussis was 34.2%, with patients younger than 6 weeks accounting for the majority of the deaths. We recommend the first dose of diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTP) should be advanced to the age of 2 months or even 6 weeks. The presence of a WBC > 70.0 × 109/L and PH were the prognostic independent variables associated with death.


Assuntos
Coqueluche , Criança , Criança Hospitalizada , Cuidados Críticos , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Lactente , Fatores de Risco , Coqueluche/complicações , Coqueluche/epidemiologia
3.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 14(6): e0008310, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32511225

RESUMO

Schistosomes infect more than 200 million people worldwide, and globally, over 700 million people are at risk of infection. The snail Biomphalaria straminea, as one of the intermediate hosts of Schistosoma mansoni, consecutively invaded Hong Kong in 1973, raising great concern in China. In this study, a malacological survey was conducted over a period of four years, and investigations were performed on the mechanism of susceptibility of B. straminea to S. mansoni. B. straminea was investigated in China from 2014 to 2018. Out of 185 investigated sites, 61 were positive for stages of black B. straminea (BBS), which shows pigmented spots. Twenty of the 61 sites were positive for red B. straminea (RBS), which is partially albino and red colored. Phylogenetic analyses based on cox1 and 18S rRNA sequences demonstrated that both phenotypes were clustered with Brazilian strains. No S. mansoni infections were detected in field-collected snail. However, in laboratory experiments, 4.17% of RBS were susceptible to a Puerto Rican strain of S. mansoni, while BBS was not susceptible. The highest susceptibility rate (70.83%) was observed in the F2 generation of RBS in lab. The density of RBS has increased from south to north and from west to east in Guangdong since 2014. Five tyrosinase tyrosine metabolism genes were upregulated in BBS. Transcriptome comparisons of RBS and BBS showed that ficolin, C1q, MASP-like, and membrane attack complex (MAC)/perforin models of the complement system were significantly upregulated in BBS. Our study demonstrated that B. straminea is widely distributed in Hong Kong and Guangdong Province, which is expanding northwards very rapidly as a consequence of its adaptation to local environments. Our results suggest that B. straminea from South China is susceptible to S. mansoni, implying the high potential for S. mansoni transmission and increased S. mansoni infection risk in China.


Assuntos
Biomphalaria/parasitologia , Água Doce/parasitologia , Schistosoma mansoni/isolamento & purificação , Esquistossomose mansoni/transmissão , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Vetores de Doenças , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Filogenia , Esquistossomose mansoni/epidemiologia
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