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1.
Food Funct ; 12(20): 10053-10070, 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515716

RESUMO

The current study aimed to evaluate the protective activity of peptides isolated from Jinhua ham (JHP) against alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and the mechanisms by which JHP prevents against ALD. The tangential flow filtration (TFF) combined with size exclusion chromatography (SEC) and reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) were used to isolate the JHP. Then the hepatoprotective activity of peptides was evaluated through experiments in mice. The primary structure of the peptide with the strongest liver protective activity was Lys-Arg-Gln-Lys-Tyr-Asp (KRQKYD) and the peptide was derived from the myosin of Jinhua ham, which were both identified by LC-MS/MS. Furthermore, the mechanism of KRQKYD prevention against ALD was attributed to the fact that KRQKYD increases the abundance of Akkermansia muciniphila in the gut and decreases the abundance of Proteobacteria (especially Escherichia_Shigella). The LPS-mediated liver inflammatory cascade was reduced by protecting the intestinal barrier, increasing the tight connection of intestinal epithelial cells and reducing the level of LPS in the portal venous circulation. KRQKYD could inhibit the production of ROS by upregulating the expression of the NRF2/HO-1 antioxidant defense system and by reducing oxidative stress injury in liver cells. This study can provide a theoretical foundation for the application of JHP in the protection of liver from ALD.

2.
Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol ; 36(11): 1093-8, 2009 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19413594

RESUMO

1. Blood pressure variability (BPV) includes physiological and random variations in blood pressure (BP). Commonly used approaches, such as standard deviation (SD) and weighted standard deviation (wSD) methods, do not efficiently assess random variation in BP. In the present study, we propose a novel method to assess individual BP variations, extracting random variation in BP by eliminating physiological variation mathematically. This novel assessment method furthers our understanding of the relationship between BP variation and lacunar infarction (LACI). 2. In the present study, we analysed ambulatory blood pressure monitoring recordings taken from 1526 men aged 60-98 years of age. Individual curves were created using a mathematical method and the related BP variation calculated, namely the SD for individual BP variations. In addition, correlations between LACI and BP variations as determined by the classical SD method, wSD and our novel assessment method (SD') were evaluated. 3. The results demonstrated that 24 h variations in systolic BP (SBP) were closely associated with LACI when the SD and wSD methods were used (P < 0.05), but the most significant correlations were observed when the SD' method was used (P < 0.01). Furthermore, using SD' yielded the lowest value of the parameter P among the three different methods used to analyse BPV. Using the SD' method, a significant correlation was found between variations in SBP and the incidence of LACI (P < 0.05). It was found that the incidence of LACI increased by 2% with each 1 mmHg increase in SBP variation. 4. In conclusion, our novel assessment method enables mathematical removal of interference from physiological BP variation and the results show a better correlation with LACI. Thus, our novel method may be considered a simple index of 24 h BP variation that is superior to conventional SD and wSD methods.


Assuntos
Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Infarto Encefálico/diagnóstico , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Processos Estocásticos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Ritmo Circadiano/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Estatísticos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes
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